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Encyclopedia > Politics of the Philippines
Philippines

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Philippines
Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_the_Philippines. ...


Government
Political history · Constitution
Executive
President (list)
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Vice President (list)
Noli de Castro The political history of the Philippines as a unified archipelago begins with the rule of the Spanish monarchs of the Philippines. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... This a complete list of Presidents of the Philippines that consists of the 14 heads of state in the history of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... This is a complete list of Vice Presidents of the Philippines. ... Manuel Noli Leuterio De Castro, Jr. ...


Executive Departments
(list) Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Executive Departments of the Philippines (also known as the Cabinet) are the... In Philippine politics, The Cabinet consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government. ...


Congress
14th Congress
20072010
Senate House
President
Manuel Villar, Jr.
Speaker
Jose de Venecia, Jr.

Judiciary
Supreme Court

Chief Justice Reynato Puno
Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan
Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman
Philippine Congress Session Hall The legislative power is vested in Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Fourteenth Congress of the Philippines is the current meeting... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The President of the Senate of the Philippines is the presiding... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Jose de Venecia is the current Speaker of the House of Representatives The Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives. ... Jose de Venecia Jose C. de Venecia, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the... Reynato Puno Reynato S. Puno (born May 17, 1940) is the current Chief Justice of the Philippines, presiding the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... The Philippine Ombudsman is an ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting government officials in the Philippines who are allegedly guilty of crimes. ...


Elections
Commission on Elections

2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998
1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All
Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and... The Commission on Elections of the Philippines, or more commonly known as COMELEC is an independent government body responsible for running elections in the countrys democratic government. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Legislative and local elections were held in the Philippines on... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countries Politics Portal      Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. ... Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 8, 1995. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      This article on elections in the Philippines give information on election... Presidential and vice-presidential snap elections were held on February 7, 1986 in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and...


Political parties
  • CAPP
  • PDP-Laban
  • PMP

Administrative divisions
Capital
Regions
Provinces
Cities
Municipalities
Barangays

Foreign relations
Government Website
Human rights
Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI, formerly the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Nationalist Peoples Coalition or NPC is a political party... The Nacionalista Party logo with party motto, Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat (Nation, Above All). ... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (Philippines Democratic Party-National Struggle) is... The Partido ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Filipino Masses) is a populist political party in the Philippines. ... This is a list of current and former national capital cities in the Philippines, which includes during the time of the Spanish colonization, the First Philippine Republic, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the Second Republic of the Philippines (Japanese-Sponsored Republic), the Third Republic of the Philippines, the Fourth Republic... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipyo, in Tagalog) is a local... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ... // Foreign policy The fundamental Philippine attachment to democracy and human rights is reflected in its foreign policy and is also a staunch and a close ally of the United States. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      According to a U.S. Department of State report released in...


Other countries · Atlas
 Politics Portal
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The political system in the Philippines takes place in an organized framework of a presidential, representative, and democratic republic whereby the president is both the head of state and the head of government within a pluriform multi-party system. This system revolves around three separate and sovereign yet interdependent branches: the legislative branch (the law-making body), the executive branch (the law-enforcing body), and the judicial branch (the law-interpreting body). Executive power is exercised by the government under the leadership of the president. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two-chamber congress -- the Senate (the upper chamber) and the House of Representatives (the lower chamber). Judicial power is vested in the courts with the Supreme Court of the Philippines as the highest judicial body. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Head of state or Chief of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchic or republican nation-state, federation, commonwealth or any other political state. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In law, the judiciary or judicial is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the...

Contents

National Government of the Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines has a representative democracy modeled after the United States of America's system of government. The 1987 Philippine constitution, adopted during the Corazon Aquino administration, re-established a presidential system of government with a bicameral legislature and an independent judiciary. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in... María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image:WashingtonDC Capitol USA2. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In law, the judiciary or judicial is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


Executive branch

The executive branch is headed by the President, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (party affiliation: Kampi/Lakas-CMD) 20 January 2001, who functions as both the head of state and the head of government. The president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The president is elected by popular vote to a term of 6 years. The president, then, appoints (and may fire) his/her cabinet members whom he/she presides over. The executive seat of government is administered officially from Malacañang Palace - also the official residence of the president - in the capital City of Manila. The President may no longer run for re-election, unless he/she becomes president through constitutional succession and has served for no more than 4 years as president. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... The Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino (KAMPI) is a political party in the Philippines. ... LAKAS is the ruling political party of the Philippines. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Once a model for the entire Asian continent and feared and envied by its Southeast Asian neighbors, particularly during the 1950s and 60s, the Armed Forces of the Philippines has since been surpassed by all other armed forces in the region and now is one of the weakest, most underfunded... In Philippine politics, The Cabinet consists of the heads of the largest part of the executive branch of the national government. ... Image:Malacanang palace. ... Manilas President Manuel Roxas Boulevard also known as the Baywalk Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


The second highest official, Vice-President Noli de Castro (party affiliation: Lakas-CMD) 30 June 2004, is also elected by popular vote. The vice-president is second in line to succession should the president resign, be impeached or die in office. The vice-president usually, though not always, may be a member of the president's cabinet. If there is a vacancy in the position of Vice President, the President will appoint any member of Congress (usually a party member) as new Vice President. The appointment will be validated by a three-fourths vote of Congress voting separately. The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... Manuel Noli Leuterio De Castro, Jr. ... LAKAS is the ruling political party of the Philippines. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Legislative branch

==

Philippine Government== Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ...

Executive Branch
Title Name
President
Head of State
Head of Government
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Vice President Noli De Castro
Executive Secretary Eduardo R. Ermita
Press Secretary Ignacio Bunye
National Economic and Development Authority/Socioeconomic Planning Romulo L. Neri
Agrarian Reform Secretary Datu Nasser C. Pangandaman, Al Haj
Agriculture Secretary Arthur C. Yap
Budget and Management Secretary Rolando G. Andaya, Jr.
Education Secretary Jesli A. Lapus
Energy Secretary Angelo T. Reyes
Environment and Natural Resources Secretary Jose L. Atienza, Jr.
Finance Secretary Margarito B. Teves
Foreign Affairs Secretary Alberto G. Romulo
Health Secretary Dr. Francisco T. Duque III, MD
Interior and Local Government Secretary Ronaldo V. Puno
Justice Secretary Raul M. Gonzalez
Labor and Employment Secretary Arturo D. Brion
National Defense Secretary Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr.
Public Works and Highways Secretary Manuel M. Boncan (Officer-in-Charge)
Science and Technology Secretary Estrella Fagela-Alabastro, Ph.D.
Social Welfare and Development Secretary Esperanza I. Cabral, MD
Tourism Secretary Joseph Ace H. Durano
Transportation and Communication Secretary Leandro R. Mendoza
Trade and Industry Secretary Peter B. Favila
Presidential Chief of Staff Joey S. Salceda
Central Bank Governor Amando M. Tetangco, Jr.
National Security Adviser Norberto B. Gonzales
United Nations Permanent Representative Hilario Davide Jr.
Legislative Branch
Senate
Title Name
Senate President Manny Villar
Senate President
Pro-Tempore
Jinggoy Estrada
Majority Floor Leader Francis Pangilinan
Minority Floor Leader Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
Secretary Emma L. Reyes
Sergeant-at-Arms M/Gen. Jose Balajadia, Jr.
Senate Members
House of Representatives
Title Name
Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr.
Dep. Speaker - Luzon Arnulfo P. Fuentebella
Dep. Speaker - Visayas Raul V. del Mar
Dep. Speaker - Mindanao Simeon A. Datumanong
Dep. Speaker - Central Luzon Eric D. Singson
Dep. Speaker - Woman Ma. Amelita C. Villarosa
Majority Floor Leader Arthur D. Defensor, Sr.
Minority Floor Leader Ronaldo B. Zamora
Secretary-General Roberto P. Nazareno
Sergeant-at-Arms B/Gen. Bayani N. Fabic
House Members
Judicial Branch
Supreme Court
Title Name
Chief Justice Reynato Puno
Official Spokesperson Ismael G. Khan Jr.
Justices of the Supreme Court
Sandiganbayan
Title Name
Presiding Judge Teresita L. de Castro
Clerk of Court Emma Rosario Lorbes
Security and Sheriff Edgardo Urieta
Sandiganbayan Judges
Court of Appeals
Title Name
Presiding Judge Ruben T. Reyes
Clerk of Court Tessie Gatmaitan
Court of Appeals Justices
Constitutional Offices
Ombudsman
Title Name
Ombudsman Ma. Merceditas N. Gutierrez
Overall Deputy
Ombudsman
Margarito Gervacio, Jr.
Special Prosecutor Dennis Villa-Ignacio
Dep. Omb. (Luzon) Victor C. Fernandez
Dep. Omb. (Visayas) Primo Miro
Dep. Omb. (Mindanao) Antonio Valenzuela
Deputy Ombudsman
(Military and Police)
Orlando Casimiro
Other Officials
Commission on Human Rights
Title Name
Chairman Purificacion Valera Quisumbing
Commissioners
Commission on Elections
Title Name
Chairman Benjamin S. Abalos Sr.
Commissioners
Commission on Audit
Title Name
Chairman Guillermo Carague
Commissioners
Civil Service Commission Bold text
Title Name
Chairman Karina Constantino-David
Commissioners

The bicameral Philippine legislature, the Congress, consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives; members of both are elected by popular vote. The Senate is elected at large. There are currently 24 senators. Of a possible 250 members of the House of Representatives, 206 are elected from the single-member districts. The remainder of the House seats are designated for sectoral representatives elected at large through a complex "party list" system, hinging on the party receiving at least 2% to 6% of the national vote total. The upper house is located in Pasay City, while the lower house is located in Quezon City. The district and sectoral representatives are elected with a term of three years. They can be reelected but they are no longer eligible to run for the fourth consecutive term. The senators elected with a term of six years. They can be reelected but they are no longer eligible to run for the third consecutive term. The House of Representatives may opt to pass a resolution for a vacancy of a legislative seat that will pave way for a special election. The winner of the special election will serve the unfinished term of the previous district representative and will be considered as one elective term. The same rule applies in the Senate however it will only apply if the seat is vacated before the regular legislative election. This case applies when Senator Teofisto Guingona was appointed as Vice President before the May 2001 election. Senator Gregorio Honasan was in the 13th position in the Senatorial election and he served the unfinished term of Guingona. Honasan is no longer eligible to run for the 2004 elections. The case did not apply in 1998 when Gloria Arroyo was elected as Vice President and in 2004 when Noli de Castro was elected as Vice President. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Manuel Noli Leuterio De Castro, Jr. ... Eduardo R. Ermita, the current Executive Secretary of the Philippines, was born on July 13, 1935 in Balayan, Batangas. ... Ignacio Toting Bunye is a politician in the Philippines. ... Jose Livioko Atienza, Jr. ... Raul Maravilla Gonzalez, is the current Secretary of Justice of the Philippines. ... Hilario Davide, Jr. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Jinggoy Estrada Jinggoy Estrada (born February 17, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ... Francis Kiko Nepomuceno Pangilinan (born August 24, 1963) is a politician in the Philippines. ... Aquilino Nene Quilinging Pimentel, Jr. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Jose de Venecia Jose C. de Venecia, Jr. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Arnulfo Fuentabella was the Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives from 2000 to 2001. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. ... Central Luzon region contains the largest plain of the Philippines, and produces most of the countrys rice supply. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the... Reynato Puno Reynato S. Puno (born May 17, 1940) is the current Chief Justice of the Philippines, presiding the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... The Philippine Ombudsman is an ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting government officials in the Philippines who are allegedly guilty of crimes. ... The Commission on Elections of the Philippines, or more commonly known as Comelec is an independent government body responsible for running elections in the countrys democratic government. ... Chairmen John Houghton MHK, 2004-date George Waft MLC, 1996-2004 Claire Christian MLC, 1981-1982 Noel Cringle MLC, 1992-1996 This article about the Isle of Man is a stub. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Philippine Congress Session Hall The legislative power is vested in Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... The City of Pasay (Filipino: Lungsod ng Pasay) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... Nickname: Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Quezon City Coordinates: 14°38 N, 121°2 E Country Philippines Region National Capital Region Districts 1st to 4th districts of Quezon City Barangays 142 Incorporated (town) October 12, 1939 (as Balintawak) Incorporated (city) October 12, 1939 Government  - Mayor Feliciano Sonny... Teofisto Guingona, Jr. ... Gregorio Ballesteros Gringo Honasan (born Baguio City, 14 March 1948) was a senator of the Philippines, elected in 1995 and reelected in 2001, until his term ended in 2004. ...


When Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the Presidency, her Lakas-CMD party also regained its dominant position in Congress. The party leads the 187 member Sunshine Coalition composed of several major and minor parties like her party Lakas-CMD, Liberal Party, Nacionalista Party, Nationalist People's Coalition, PDP-Laban, Aksyon Demokratiko, REPORMA-LM, PROMDI and Others. In the Senate, the pro-administration coalition controls 13 of the 24 seats. Members of the Philippine Congress tend to have weak party loyalties and change party affiliation easily. In October 2003, the Sunshine Coalition dissolved over Pres. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's decision to seek election for the presidency which she came into by succeeding Joseph Estrada during the EDSA 2 Revolution of 2001. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... Joseph Ejercito Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born Jose Marcelo Ejercito on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... The EDSA II revolution is depicted on the 200-peso bill. ...


Senate President: Manuel Villar Manuel Manny Bamba Villar, Jr. ...


Speaker of the House of Representatives: Jose de Venecia Jose de Venecia, Jr. ...


Presidents of the Senate

Speakers of the House of Representatives Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (b. ... José Avelino was a Filipino politician who served as President of the Philippine Senate. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel Roxas Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892—April 15, 1948) was a Philippine political figure. ... Biography Image:Mjcuenco. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Eulogio Amang Adona Rodriguez, Sr. ... Eulogio Amang Adona Rodriguez, Sr. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Edralin Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Arturo M. Tolentino Arturo M. Tolentino (September 19, 1910 – August 2, 2004) was a prominent political figure in the Philippines. ... ... The Interim Batasang Pambansa (English: Interim National Assembly) was the legislature of the Republic of the Philippines from 1978 to 1984. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Regular Batasang Pambansa or the Second Batasan was the meeting of the... Jovito R. Salonga also known as Ka Jovy Born poor in a remote barrio in Pasig City on June 22, 1920. ... Edgardo Angara (born September 24, 1934) is a politician in the Philippines. ... Marcelo Briones Fernan (October 24, 1927–July 11, 1999) was a Filipino lawyer and political figure. ... Blas F. Ople (February 3, 1927 – December 14, 2003) was a Filipino political figure. ... Franklin Drilon Franklin M. Drilon is the current Senate President and third highest ranking official of the Philippines. ... Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. ... Franklin Drilon Franklin M. Drilon is the current Senate President and third highest ranking official of the Philippines. ... Manuel Manny Bamba Villar, Jr. ...

  • 1907-1922 Sergio Osmeña (Philippine Assembly)
  • 1922-1933 Manuel A. Roxas (House of Representatives)
  • 1933-1935 Quintin Paredes (House of Representatives)
  • 1935-1935 Gil Montilla (National Assembly)
  • 1938-1941 Jose Yulo (National Assembly)
  • 1943-1944 Benigno Aquino Sr. (National Assembly, 2nd Republic)
  • 1945-1946 Jose Zulueta (House of Representatives)
  • 1946-1953 Eugenio Perez (House of Representatives)
  • 1954-1957 Jose B. Laurel, Jr. (House of Representatives)
  • 1957-1962 Daniel Romualdez (House of Representatives)
  • 1962-1967 Cornelio Villareal (House of Representatives)
  • 1967-1971 Jose B. Laurel, Jr. (House of Representatives)
  • 1971-1972 Cornelio Villareal (House of Representatives)
  • 1978-1984 Querube C. Makalintal (Interim Batasang Pambansa)
  • 1984-1986 Nicanor E. Yniguez (Regular Batasang Pambansa)
  • 1986-1987 Dissolved, 1986 Constitutional Commission
  • 1987-1992 Ramon V. Mitra (House of Representatives)
  • 1992-1998 Jose C. De Venecia, Jr.(House of Representatives)
  • 1998-2000 Manuel Villar Jr. (House of Representatives)
  • 2000-2001 Arnulfo Fuentebella (House of Representatives)
  • 2001 Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. (House of Representatives)
  • 2001-Present Jose C. De Venecia, Jr. (House of Representatives)

Sergio Osmeña (September 9, 1878 – October 19, 1961) was the second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel Roxas Manuel Acuña Roxas (January 1, 1892—April 15, 1948) was a Philippine political figure. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Querube Makalintal (December 22, 1910 - November 8, 2002) was the Chief Justice of the Philippines from Oct. ... Ramon Mitra Jr. ... Jose de Venecia Jose C. de Venecia, Jr. ... Manuel Manny Bamba Villar, Jr. ... Arnulfo Fuentabella was the Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives from 2000 to 2001. ... Feliciano Belmonte, Jr. ... Jose de Venecia Jose C. de Venecia, Jr. ...

Judicial branch

The judiciary branch of the government is headed by the Supreme Court, which has a Chief Justice as its head and 14 Associate Justices, all appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council. Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the... An Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines is one of 15 members of the Philippine Supreme Court, the highest court in the Philippines. ...


Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Reynato Puno Reynato S. Puno (born May 17, 1940) is the current Chief Justice of the Philippines, presiding the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ...


Chief Justices of the Supreme Court

Cayetano L. Arellano (March 2, 1847–December 23, 1920) was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under the American Civil Government. ... Jose Abad Santos (top-left) is featured on the 1000-peso bill Jose Abad Santos (February 19, 1886—May 7, 1942) was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... Jose Yulo (September 24, 1894 - October 2, 1976) was the Chief Justice of the Philippines of the Japanese Occupation during World War II.He served from 1942-1944. ... Image:C bengzon. ... Querube Makalintal (December 22, 1910 - November 8, 2002) was the Chief Justice of the Philippines from Oct. ... Fred Ruiz Castro (September 2, 1914 - April 19, 1979) was the Chief Justice of the Philippines from January 5, 1976 until his death on April 19, 1979 while on an official trip to India. ... Claudio Teehankee Sr. ... Pedro Yap was the Chief Justice of the Philippines in 1988. ... Marcelo Briones Fernan (October 24, 1927–July 11, 1999) was a Filipino lawyer and political figure. ... Andres Narvasa was the Chief Justice of the Philippines from 1991 to 1998. ... Hilario Davide, Jr. ... Justice Artemio Panganiban of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Justice Panganiban is the concurrent chairperson of the Philippines Supreme Court (SC) Third Division and the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal (HRET), as well as of seven SC committees involved mainly in judicial reforms. ... Reynato Puno Reynato S. Puno (born May 17, 1940) is the current Chief Justice of the Philippines, presiding the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ...

Offices of the Ombudsman

The government and all three of its branches are independently monitored by the Offices of the Ombudsman. The Ombudsman is given the mandate to investigate and prosecute any official/s in government that is allegedly guilty of crimes, especially Graft and Corruption. The Ombudsman leads a team composed of a sheriff and 6 deputies who lead their respective divisions and/or bureaus. The Philippine Ombudsman is an ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting government officials in the Philippines who are allegedly guilty of crimes. ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. Blue colors indicate little corruption, red colors indicate much corruption In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate...


Political parties and elections

For other political parties see List of political parties in the Philippines. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in the Philippines.
Candidate Party Votes %
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino/Lakas CMD/Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan 12,905,808 39.99
Fernando Poe, Jr. Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino/Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino 11,782,232 36.51
Panfilo Lacson Independent 3,510,080 10.88
Raul Roco Aksyon Demokratiko 2,082,762 6.45
Eduardo Villanueva Bangon Pilipinas Movement 1,988,218 6.16
Total 32,269,100 100.00
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 10 May 2004 Senate of the Philippines election results
Rank Candidate Party Votes
1. Manuel Roxas II K-4 - Liberal Party 19,372,888
2. Ramon Revilla Jr. K-4 - Lakas CMD 15,801,531
3. Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. KNP - PDP-LABAN 13,519,998
4. Maria Ana Consuelo Madrigal KNP - LDP 13,253,692
5. Richard Gordon K-4 - Lakas CMD 12,707,151
6. Pilar Juliana Cayetano K-4 - Lakas CMD 12,542,054
7. Miriam Defensor-Santiago K-4 - PRP 12,187,401
8. Alfredo Lim KNP - Independent 11,286,428
9. Juan Ponce Enrile KNP - PMP 11,191,162
10. Jinggoy Estrada KNP - PMP 11,094,120
11. Manuel Lapid K-4 - Lakas CMD 10,970,941
12. Rodolfo Biazon K-4 - Liberal Party 10,635,270
13. Robert Barbers K-4 - Lakas CMD 10,624,585
14. Ernesto Maceda KNP - NPC 9,944,328
15. John Henry Osmeña K-4 - NPC 9,914,179
16. Orlando S. Mercado K-4 - Lakas CMD 8,295,024
17. Robert Jaworski K-4 - Lakas-CMD 6,921,425
18. Maria Elisa Anson-Roa KNP - PMP 5,873,845
19. Francisco Tatad KNP - LDP 5,718,740
20. Heherson Alvarez Independent 4,791,085
21. Ernesto Herrera KNP - Independent 4,612,036
22. Perfecto Yasay Jr. Aksyon Demokratiko 4,408,808
23. Francisco Chavez Aksyon Demokratiko 4,286,838
24. Carlos M. Padilla Independent 3,863,693
25. Salvador Escudero III KNP - Independent / NPC 3,780,469
26. Amina Rasul KNP - PDP-LABAN 3,456,480
27. Jose Sonza Aksyon Demokratiko 2,839,442
28. Parouk Hussin K-4 - Lakas-CMD 2,821,522
29. Didagen Dilangalen KNP - Independent 2,222,069
30. Melanio Mauricio Aksyon Demokratiko 1,144,279
31. Pilar Pilapil Independent 692,137
32. Eduardo Nonato Joson Aksyon Demokratiko 631,041
33. Edgar Ilarde Independent 527,865
34. Nicanor Gatmaytan Jr. Aksyon Demokratiko 453,693
35. Olivia Coo Aksyon Demokratiko 338,846
36. Oliver Lozano Independent 238,272
37. Alvin Alvincent Almirante KBL 206,097
38. Ramon Montaño Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 159,735
39. Matuan Usop Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 137,376
40. Angel Rosario Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 98,932
41. Ismael Aparri Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 97,430
42. Norma Nueva KBL 96,129
43. Carmen X. Borja Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 95,755
44. Pendatun Decampong Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 94,713
45. Gerardo del Mundo Independent 88,962
46. El Cid Fajardo Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 79,471
47. Iderlina Pagunuran Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 59,712
48. Arturo Estuita Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 39,094
Note: A total of 48 candidates ran for senator. Source: Philippine Commission on Elections
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 10 May 2004 House of Representatives of the Philippines election results
Parties Seats
This is the division of seats as published on the website of the House of Representatives.
The first party affiliation mentioned is counted. This is not the result of the elections.
Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats 75
Nationalist People's Coalition 53
Liberal Party 34
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino 7
Nacionalista Party 5
Philippine Democratic Socialist Party 2
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino 1
Buhay 2
Aksyon Demokratiko 1
Partido ng Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan 1
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 2
Sarro 1
Alayon 1
Partido Magdala 1
Akbayan ! Citizens' Action Party 3
Bayan Muna (Nation First) 3
Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives 3
Anakpawis (Toiling Masses) 2
Butil Farmers Party 1
Coop 1
VFP 1
Amin 1
Ave 1
Alagad 1
Gabriela Women's Party 1
An Waray 1
Workers' Party (Partido ng Manggagawa) 1
Alif 1
Citizen's Battle Against Corruption (Cibac) 1
Non-partisans 12
Total 235
Source: Congress Web site
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 10 May 2004 House of Representatives of the Philippines Party-List election result
Party-list Votes %
Below is the result of the party-list vote. Most seats in the Congress are not elected through the party list system
Bayan Muna 1,203,305 9.4585
Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives 934,995 7.3495
Akbayan ! Citizens' Action Party 852,473 6.7008
Buhay 705,730 5.5473
Anakpawis 538,396 4.2320
Citizen's Battle Against Corruption 495,193 3.8924
Gabriela Women's Party 464,586 3.6518
Partido ng Manggagawa 448,072 3.5220
Butil Farmers Party 429,259 3.3742
Alliance of Volunteer Educators 343,498 2.7000
Alagad 340,977 2.6802
Veterans Freedom Party 340,759 2.6785
Cooperative NATCCO Network Party 270,950 2.1298
Anak Mindanao 269,750 2.1204
Ang Laban ng Indiginong Filipino 269,345 2.1172
An Waray 268,164 2.1079
ABA-AKO 251,597 1.9777
Alliance for Nationalism and Democracy 244,137 1.9190
Senior Citizens/Elderly 236,571 1.8595
Philippines Guardians Brotherhood, Inc. 213,662 1.6795
Anak ng Bayan 213,068 1.6748
Trade Union Congress Party 201,396 1.5831
Sanlakas 189,517 1.4897
Bigkis Pinoy Movement 186,264 1.4641
Suara Bangsamoro 164,494 1.2930
Cocofed - Philippine Coconut Producers Federation, Inc. 163,952 1.2887
Sagip-Katwa Foundation, Inc. 161,797 1.2718
Aksyon Sambayan 156,467 1.2299
People's Movement against Poverty 144,740 1.1377
Barangay Association for National Advancement and Transparency 143,454 1.1276
Abay Pamiliya Foundation, Inc. 133,952 1.0529
SMILE 133,425 1.0488
Abanse! Pinay 115,855 0.9107
Total 12,721,952
Source: COMELEC

During the American occupation, the Nacionalista Party (more like the Republicans) was the dominant party at the time. This, however, was interrupted by World War II, when during the Japanese occupation, a new party, the Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI), was formed. It was the only party that was allowed to operate during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Government Website Human rights Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... The Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino (KAMPI) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or... The Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow), the coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who whon the 2004 presidential elections. ... Fernando Poe, Jr. ... The Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (Coalition of United Filipinos), or KNP, is the coalition of the dominant opposition. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) is a... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Raul Sagarbarria Roco (October 26, 1941 – August 5, 2005) was a political figure in the Philippines. ... The Democratic Action (Aksyon Demokratika) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Eduardo Villanueva (born October 6, 1946) was a presidential candidate in the 2004 Philippine election. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Manuel Mar Araneta Roxas (born May 13, 1957) is a senator of the Philippines. ... Ramon Revilla Jr. ... Aquilino Nene Quilinging Pimentel, Jr. ... Maria Ana Consuelo Abad Santos Madrigal Valade (born April 26, 1958) is a politician in the Philippines. ... Richard Dick Juico Gordon (born August 5, 1945) is a Filipino politician. ... Pilar Juliana Schramm Cayetano Sebastian (born March 22, 1966-) popularly known as Compañera Pia is a Filipino lawyer, politician and Senator of the Republic of the Philippines. ... // Miriam Defensor Santiago became globally famous with her courageous and brilliant crusade against corruption in the Philippines. ... Alfredo Siojo Lim (born December 21, 1929) is the newly-elected Mayor of the City of Manila and a former senator of the Philippines. ... Juan Ponce Enrile (born February 14, 1924) is a political figure in the Philippines. ... Jinggoy Estrada Jinggoy Estrada (born February 17, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ... Manuel Mercado Lapid , popularly known as Lito Lapid, is a Filipino actor, politician and Senator of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Category: ... Robert Barbers Robert Z. Barbers (born January 19, 1944, died December 25, 2005) was a politician, former police officer and Secretary of Interior, Local Government and Senator of the Philippines. ... Former Senator John Henry Sonny Renner Osmeña is known as the “Lone Ranger” and a traditional politician (TRAPO) for his independent mindedness and taking fearless stance despite overwhelming odds. ... Robert “Sonny” Jaworski (born March 8, 1946 in Baguio, Cordillera Administrative Region) is a former Philippine senator and PBA basketball player. ... Tatad. ... Jay Sonza (born Jose Yumang Sonza in September 20, 1955 in Macabebe, Pampanga) is a veteran newscaster, and talk show host. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Nationalist Peoples Coalition or NPC is a political party... The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) is a... The Nacionalista Party logo with party motto, Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat (Nation, Above All). ... The Democratic Socialist Party of the Philippines (Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Partido ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Filipino Masses) is a populist political... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... The Democratic Action (Aksyon Demokratiko) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (Philippines Democratic Party-National Struggle) is... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) is a political party in the... The Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization (Sarro) is a Sarangani regional political party in the Philippines, closely affiliated to the Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... The Akbayan ! Citizens Action Party is a political party in the Philippines. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives is a political party in the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Butil Farmers Party (Butil) is a party-list in the Luzon, Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Gabriela Womens Party is a party-list in the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... The Workers Party (Partido ng Manggagawa) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... The Citizens Battle Against Corruption (Cibac) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives is a political party in the Philippines. ... The Akbayan ! Citizens Action Party is a political party in the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... The Citizens Battle Against Corruption (Cibac) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Gabriela Womens Party is a party-list in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      PM symbol Partido ng Manggagawa (Labor Party) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Butil Farmers Party (Butil) is a party-list in the Luzon, Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      Alliance of Volunteer Educators is a NGO and party-list in the Philippines. ... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Veterans Freedom Party is a party-list in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      Amin symbol Anak Mindanao (abbreviated Amin) is a party-list in the Philippines, based... Next to the main political parties in the Philippines there are some minor parties represented in the House of Representatives of the Philippines. ... Trade Union Congress Party is a party-list in the Philippines, set up by the Trade Union Congress of the Philippines as its electoral wing. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Nacionalista Party is the oldest political party in the Philippines today responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since 1907. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Philippine Executive Commission or PEC was established on January of 1942 with Jorge B. Vargas as its first Chairman. ...


After the war, KALIBAPI was abolished and the Nacionalistas returned to power. However, a new party, the Liberal Party (similar to the Democrats), was formed after some Nacionalistas split from the original party. This de facto two-party system was kept until 1972. The Liberal Party (Filipino: Partido Liberal) is a liberal party in the Philippines, founded in 1945 by a breakaway from the Nacionalista Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... A two-party system is a form of party system where two major political parties dominate the voting in nearly all elections. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


However, when Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law, he formed his own monolithic party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL, New Society Movement). The traditional parties were sidelined. Worse, most of his political opponents were incarcerated, tortured or even killed. But, a majority of the KBL members were ex-Nacionalistas, ex-Liberals and others. In 1978, Marcos called an election to the interim Batasang Pambansa and an opposition party was formed known as LABAN. Among the candidates then were Benigno Aquino, Ernesto Maceda, Alex Bongcayao to name a few. During that election, Only Maceda was elected . Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) is a political party in the... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Philippine parliamentary election held April 7 for the election of the Interim Batasang Pambansa (English: National Assembly). ... Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly) is where members of the Philippines House of Representatives hold their sessions. ... Laban is: A character in the Bible. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1984, many opposition parties sprang up. Among them are PDP-LABAN (different from the original LABAN party) of Aquilino Pimentel, the UNIDO, or the United Nationalist Democratic Organization of Salvador Laurel, the Liberal Party-Kalaw and Salonga Wings and Lakas ng Bansa. The UNIDO would later be an umbrella coalition of opposition against Ferdinand Marcos. This article is about the year. ... Aquilino Q. Pimentel, Jr. ... Salvador Doy Laurel in a portrait for the Philippine Centennial Commission Salvador Doy Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. ...


After Marcos was overthrown in the People Power Revolution, other parties appeared, such as Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas, the National Union of Christian Democrats, the Philippine Democratic Socialist Party and BANDILA. “People Power” redirects here. ...


in 1987 the opposition parties merge into the Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD) these parties are: the Nacionalista Party, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, the Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas, the Liberal Party-Kalaw Wing, the Mindanao Alliance, the Muslim Federal Party and other opposition groups.


in 1988 the Lakas ng Bansa headed by Ramon Mitra and PDP-LABAN (Cojuangco Wing) joined forces to form the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino or LDP that caused also the ruling coalition split and the unification of the Nacionalista Party. Ramon Mitra Jr. ... The Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (Philippines Democratic Party-National Struggle) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Democratic Filipinos) is a... The Nacionalista Party logo with party motto, Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat (Nation, Above All). ...


in 1989 the anti-Aquino elements reunited at PICC for the Unificatio of the Nacionalista Party this leaders of NP are: Blas Ople, Isidro Rodriguez, Rafael Palmares, Rafael Recto, Francisco Tatad, Jose Rono, Juan Ponce Enrile, Jose Zubiri, Zossimo Jesus Paredes II, Romeo Jalosjos, Mamintal A.J. Tamano, Salvador Laurel, Sotero Laurel, Frisco San Juan, Alfonso Roy Jr., Ernesto Maceda, Arturo Tolentino, Roilo Golez, Eva Estrada Kalaw, Edith Rabat, Vicente Puyat, Jose B. Laurel Jr. and Others. Blas F. Ople (February 3, 1927 – December 14, 2003) was a Filipino political figure. ... Tatad. ... Juan Ponce Enrile (born February 14, 1924) is a political figure in the Philippines. ... Zossimo Jesus Jess Paredes Paredes II is a Filipino government official currently running for the Philippine Senate. ... Salvador Doy Laurel in a portrait for the Philippine Centennial Commission Salvador Doy Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... Arturo M. Tolentino Arturo M. Tolentino (September 19, 1910 – August 2, 2004) was a prominent political figure in the Philippines. ... Roilo Golez (born January 9, 1947) is a Philippine politician on his fifth term as Member of the Philippine House of Representatives representing the Second District of Parañaque City [1], one of the most industrialized districts of the Philippines. ... Senator Eva Estrada-Kalaw, born in the Philippines, served as a congresswoman in the Congress of the Philippines for 7 years. ...


In 1992 elections, the LDP was split in half. Fidel V. Ramos formed his own party known as the Partido Lakas ng Tao, which coalesced with the National Union of Christian Democrats. Their union was later known as the Lakas-NUCD, now known as Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats. The LDP was bannered by Ramon Mitra. During these elections, the Nacionalista Party was also split into two. The Nacionalistas were led by Salvador Laurel while the splinter group led by Danding Cojuangco was known as the Nationalist People's Coalition or NPC. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... The Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats, also more popularly known as simply Lakas or LAKAS-CMD is the current ruling political party in the Philippines It was formed for the 1992 Presidential elections as then General Fidel V. Ramos and Cebu Goverenor Emilio R. Osmena running for President and Vice... Ramon Mitra Jr. ... Eduardo Murphy Danding Cojuangco, Jr. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Political clans Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      The Nationalist Peoples Coalition or NPC is a political party...


In the 1998 elections, three new political parties were formed: the Partido ng Masang Pilipino of Joseph Estrada, the Aksyon Demokratiko (Democratic Action) of Raul Roco, and the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino (KAMPI) of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. ... The Partido ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Filipino Masses) is a populist political party in the Philippines. ... Joseph Ejercito Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born Jose Marcelo Ejercito on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... The Democratic Action (Aksyon Demokratiko) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Raul Sagarbarria Roco (October 26, 1941 – August 5, 2005) was a political figure in the Philippines. ... The Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino (KAMPI) is a political party in the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ...


There are other regional political parties, such as Panaghiusa (precursor of the Osmeñas' BO-PK) and the Mindanao Alliance in Mindanao. However, many of these parties are now defunct.


It is believed that Philippine political parties share one common platform. However, it is also perceived that Philippine political parties are also not based on political platform, but rather on personality. Turncoatism is so widespread that there were moves from lawmakers in the past to make this illegal, since it is believed that switching party allegiances are easy in Philippine politics. The image of turncoatism among politicians also fuels the belief that many Philippine politicians are opportunist, using their political power for personal gain. A political platform is a list of the principles which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose of having said partys candidates voted into office. ...


Local government/administrative subdivisions

The Philippines is divided into a hierarchy of local government units (LGUs) with the province as the primary unit. As of 2007, there are 81 provinces in the country. Provinces are further subdivided into cities and municipalities, which are in turn, composed of barangays. The barangay is the smallest local government unit. A Philippine province is headed by a Governor. The Provincial Council (Sangguniang Panlalawigan) is composed of the Vice Governor (Presiding Officer) and Provincial Board Members. A Philippine city and municipality is headed by a Mayor. The City Council (Sangguniang Panlungsod) or Municipal Council (Sangguniang Bayan) is composed of the Vice Mayor (Presiding Officer) and City or Municipal Councilors. A barangay is headed by a Barangay Captain who is also the presiding officer of the barangay council. The Barangay Council is composed of kagawads. A similar unit called Youth Council (Sangguniang Kabataan) is headed by a SK Chairperson who had similar rank of a Barangay Captain. The council is composed of SK Members. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay (Tagalog: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy), also known by its former name, the barrio, is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. ...


The term of office of all local elective officials elected is three (3) years, starting from noon of June 30 of an election year. No local elective official shall serve for more than three (3) consecutive terms in the same position. Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of service for the full term for which the elective official concerned was elected. Barangay and SK officials are elected to a term of five years starting from noon of the date as prescribed by law. The current barangay organic law sets the date of November 12, 2007 as effectivity date. The current barangay and SK officials started terms August 15, 2002. The next barangay and SK election will be on October 29, 2007. is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


All provinces are grouped into 17 regions for administrative convenience. Most government offices establish regional offices to serve the constituent provinces. The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Muslim Mindanao region, which is autonomous. The Cordillera Administrative Region will become an autonomous region and will receive the setup granted to Muslim Mindanao if voters would approve an organic law that would create a Cordillera Autonomous Region. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and their provinces (click for larger version). ... The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM; Rehiyong Awtonomo ng Muslim Mindanao) of the Philippines is composed of five provinces and one city namely: Basilan, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi and the Marawi City. ... The Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines consists of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province and Apayao. ...


Plans

As of December 2006 President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and others are hoping to amend the constitution to a federal, parliamentary system similar to that mandated by the occupying powers when they wrote the German constitution (differing substantially by only having one legislative chamber - unicameral system). Parliament would be given the power to split the Philippines into “states” with each one having a local legislature responsible for certain functions. Included in the amendments are plans to remove or ease the current ban on foreign ownership of property, land and commercial organizations in the Philippines; to removed term limits; to further restrict who can run for office; and to change slightly but perhaps meaningfully the freedom of speech clause. So far efforts have failed. The Senate has not agreed to meet with the House in a Constituent Assembly (ConAss), though the House may soon try to meet as a ConAss without the Senate. An attempt to use an initiative petition to amend was struck down by the Supreme Court. Any amendments proposed by a ConAss, an initiative petition or the third alternative, a Constitutional Convention (representatives directly elected to amend the Constitution) must be approved by the voters. The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (federal states) A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government. ... A parliamentarian is a specialist in parliamentary procedure. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...


International organization participation

The Philippines is a founding and active member of the United Nations since its inception on October 24, 1945 and is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The Philippines is also a member of the East Asia Summit (EAS)), an active player in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Latin Union and a member of the Group of 24. The country is a major non-NATO ally of the U.S., but also a member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Memberships: APEC (1989), AsDB (1966), ASEAN, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, ITUC, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNHRC, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMIL, UNMISET, UNOCI, UNU, UPU, ITUC, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Hymn The ASEAN Hymn Jakarta, Indonesia Membership 10 Southeast Asian states Leaders  -  Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  -  Total 4,465,5001 km²   sq mi  Population  -   estimate 566. ... The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asia forum to be held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region, with ASEAN in a leadership position. ... APEC member countries shown in green Headquarters Type Economic forum Member countries 21 Leaders  -  Executive Director  Colin S. Heseltine Establishment 1989 Website http://www. ... The Latin Union is an international organization of nations that use a Romance language. ... The Group of 24 (G24), a chapter of the G-77, was established in 1971 to coordinate the positions of developing countries on international monetary and development finance issues and to ensure that their interests were adequately represented in negotiations on international monetary matters. ... Map of countries designated by the United States as major non-NATO allies Major non-NATO ally (MNNA) is a designation given by the United States government to exceptionally close allies who have strong strategic working relationships with American forces but are not members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ... APEC member countries shown in green Headquarters Type Economic forum Member countries 21 Leaders  -  Executive Director  Colin S. Heseltine Establishment 1989 Website http://www. ... The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. ... Hymn The ASEAN Hymn Jakarta, Indonesia Membership 10 Southeast Asian states Leaders  -  Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  -  Total 4,465,5001 km²   sq mi  Population  -   estimate 566. ... The Colombo Plan began in 1951, and is a regional organisation focused on social development. ... The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), located in Bangkok, Thailand, is the regional arm of the United Nations Secretariat for the Asian and Pacific region. ... The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. ... G24 countries. ... link titlelink titlelink titlelink titlelink title--210. ... The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development is one of the five institutions consisting the World Bank Group. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... The Red Cross and the Red Crescent emblems, the symbols from which the Movement derives its name. ... The International Development Association (IDA) created on September 24, 1960, is the part of the World Bank that helps the world’s poorest countries. ... The International Fund for Agricultural Development is an agency of the United Nations. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) is an international humanitarian organisation, often better known as the Red Cross or the Red Crescent. ... The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) is an intergovernmental international organization established in 1921. ... The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Headquarters of the International Maritime Organisation in Lambeth, adjacent to the east end of Lambeth Bridge Headquarters building taken from the west side of the Thames Headquartered in London, U.K., the International Maritime Organization (IMO) promotes cooperation among governments and the shipping industry to improve maritime safety and to... Inmarsat is an international telecommunications company founded in 1979, originally as an intergovernmental organization. ... Intelsat, Ltd. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organization. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union internationale des télécommunications, Spanish: Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. ... The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) is the worlds largest trade union federation. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ... Headquarters Washington, D.C. Official languages English, French, Spanish, Portuguese Membership 35 countries Leaders  -  Secretary General José Miguel Insulza (since 26 May 2005) Establishment  -  Charter first signed 30 April 1948 in effect 1 December 1951  Website http://www. ... The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an agency of the United Nations. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... The United Nations Human Rights Council is an international body within the United Nations System. ... United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is an agency of the United Nations with the mission of helping countries pursue sustainable industrial development, it is a specialist in industrial affairs. ... The United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. ... UNMIL is the acronym for the United Nations Mission in Liberia, a peace-keeping force for Liberia, which was established by Resolution 1509 of the United Nations Security Council in 2003. ... On May 20, 2002, East Timor was internationally recognized as an independent state and the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) came to an end. ... The United Nations Operation in Cote dIvoire (UNOCI) is a United Nations peacekeeping mission. ... United Nations University (UNU) is a university established on December 6, 1973 by adoption of resolution 3081 by the United Nations General Assembly, upon the suggestion of U Thant, UN Secretary-General at the time. ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) is the worlds largest trade union federation. ... The World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization that helps Members (currently Customs administrations from 169 countries) communicate and co-operate on customs issues. ... The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was established in the wake of the Second World War to bring together trade unions across the world in a single international organization, much like the United Nations. ... The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. ... The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (French: Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle or OMPI) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations. ... The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 187 Member States and Territories. ... World Tourism Organization Building in Madrid The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is a United Nations agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... The World Trade Organization (WTO), (OMC - Spanish: , French: ), is an international organization designed to supervise and liberalize international trade. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Politics of the Philippines Information (1724 words)
Politics of the Philippines takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of the Philippines is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
1945-1946 Manuel A. Roxas (Commonwealth of the Philippines)
The Philippines is a founding and active member of the United Nations since its inception on October 24 1945 and is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
textually.org: Text messages shape politics in Philippines  (296 words)
A wonderful article by Richard Baum and Dolly Aglay for Reuters on how text messaging has shaped politics in the Philippines.
Along with the jokes, mostly impenetrable to anyone without a deep knowledge of the country's politics and culture, is the occasional potential bombshell.
Senator Edgardo Angara, president of Poe's LDP party, says the LDP's vice presidential candidate, Senator Loren Legarda, was the victim of false messages saying she submitted bills to cut pay for teachers, soldiers and firefighters.
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