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Encyclopedia > Politics of Transnistria
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2005 election posters, all of them in Russian
2005 election posters, all of them in Russian
Transnistria

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Transnistria
Image File history File links Padlock. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (110x860, 28 KB) Summary Transnistrian political posters from 2005 election campaigns. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (110x860, 28 KB) Summary Transnistrian political posters from 2005 election campaigns. ... Motto: For the right to live on this land[citation needed] Anthem: Anthem of Transnistria Capital (and largest city) Tiraspol Russian, Ukrainian, Moldovan Government Semi-presidential  - President Igor Smirnov Independence from Moldova   - Declared September 2, 1990   - Recognition unrecognized  Area  - Total 4,163 km² 1,607 sq mi   - Water (%) 2. ... Transnistria COA. from the Estonian wiki, apparently from geraldika. ...



See also: Politics of Moldova Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov (b. ... The Transnistrian Supreme Soviet (Russian: Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики) is the law making body in the region of Transnistria. ... Politics of Moldova Categories: Politics stubs | Lists of political parties | Transnistrian political parties ... The disputed status of Transnistria arose because of the Transnistrian declaration of independence on Sep. ... Combatants Transnistria Russian volunteers Ukrainian volunteers Moldova Casualties 823 Transnistrian fatalities;[1] unknown number of volunteer casualties ~1,000 total casualties Official figures: 172 combatants, ~400 civilians The War of Transnistria involved armed clashes on a limited scale that broke out between the Transnistrian separatists and the Moldovan police as... Human rights of Transnistria have been under severe criticism from abroad. ... Politics of Moldova takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...


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Politics of Transnistria, a de facto independent region of the Republic of Moldova in Eastern Europe, takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Transnistria is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. Formally, Transnistria has a multi-party system and an unicameral parliament, called Transnistrian Supreme Soviet. The president is elected by popular vote. The latest parliamentary elections were held in December 2005; however, they were not monitored by international organizations such as Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), which has expressed doubts about the level of democracy in the region, and were not recognized by other countries. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Eastern Europe is the eastern region of Europe variably defined. ... A presidential system, also called a congressional system, is a system of government where the executive branch exists and presides (hence the term) separate from the legislature, to which it is not accountable, and which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state or country that is led by people whose political power is based on principles that are not beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... The President of Transnistria is the highest elected official of Transnistria, a small country which declared independence from Moldova in 1990. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Transnistrian Supreme Soviet (Russian: Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики) is the law making body in the region of Transnistria. ... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ...


Political parties from Moldova don't recognize the Transnistrian government and don't participate at elections organized by it.

Contents

Political parties and elections in Transnistria

See also: List of political parties in Transnistria
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 9 December 2001 Transnistrian presidential election results
Candidates Votes %
Igor Smirnov 81.9
Tom Zenovich 4.7
Alexander Radchenko - Power to the People 4.6
Source: British Helsinki Human Right Group
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 11 December 2005 Transnistrian Supreme Soviet election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Renewal (Obnovlenie) . 23
Republic (Respublika) . 13
Allies of Renovation . 6
Non-partisans . 1
Total (turnout 56.3%)   43
Source: pridnestrovie.net
Summary of the 10 December 2000 legislative election results Votes % Seats
Unity (Yedinstvo) . 9
Renewal (Obnovleniy) . 7
Power to the People (Vlast Narodu) . 1
Non-partisans . 25
vacant 1
Total (turnout ? %)   43
Source: Immigration and Nationality Directorate

Politics of Moldova Categories: Politics stubs | Lists of political parties | Transnistrian political parties ... Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov (b. ... Tom Zenovich, is a politician and former presidential candidate from Transnistria, a country which declared independence from Moldova in 1990. ... Alexander Radchenko, an ethnic Russian, is a politician and human rights activist in Transnistria, a country which declared independence from Moldova in 1990. ... Power to the People (Vlast Narodu) is a political party in Transnistria, a breakaway republic from Moldova. ... The Transnistrian Supreme Soviet (Russian: Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики) is the law making body in the region of Transnistria. ... Renewal or Renovation (Obnovleniye) is the largest political party in Transnistria. ... Republic (Respublika) is a political party in Transnistria, a breakaway republic from Moldova. ... Unity (Yedinstvo) is a political party in Transnistria, a breakaway republic from Moldova. ... Renewal or Renovation (Obnovleniye) is the largest political party in Transnistria. ... Power to the People (Vlast Narodu) is a political party in Transnistria, a breakaway republic from Moldova. ...

Electorate shrinkage

As shown by census results, between 1989 and 2004 the population in Transnistria decreased by 18% [1]. This is significantly higher than the decrease of population in the Republic of Moldova (which was 6%, for the same period [2]). Motto: For the right to live on this land[citation needed] Anthem: Anthem of Transnistria Capital (and largest city) Tiraspol Russian, Ukrainian, Moldovan Government Semi-presidential  - President Igor Smirnov Independence from Moldova   - Declared September 2, 1990   - Recognition unrecognized  Area  - Total 4,163 km² 1,607 sq mi   - Water (%) 2. ...


Data issued by Transnistrian authorities show that of the 555,500 inhabitants, a total of 394,861 are registered to vote, down 5.6% from a year earlier.[3]


Political freedom in Transnistria

There is disagreement as to whether elections in Transnistria are free and fair. Western organizations, such as the OSCE, have declared that no democratic elections can take place in the region under the present circumstances and have refused to even monitor them. Some parties and publications were banned.


People's Power Party led by Supreme Soviet member Alexander Radchenko was banned in May 2001; after an appeal the ban was lifted but was reintroduced in December 2001, again the ban was lifted to be reintroduced in August 2002 and confirmed by the "Supreme Court" in December 2002.[4]. Alexander Radchenko, an ethnic Russian, is a politician and human rights activist in Transnistria, a country which declared independence from Moldova in 1990. ...


"Power to the People" Party led by Nicolae Butchatsky was banned in February 2002 [5].


On November 14, 2001, the Transnistrian customs service banned the distribution of the publication "Glas Naroda", as it contained Radchenko's electoral platform. Radchenko said in a press conference that "Glas Naroda" has been published outside Transnistria because all the printing houses had refused to print it after having discussed the issue with representatives of the Ministry of State Security [6].


Ellection results are suspicious, as in 2001 in one region it was reported that Kamchatka-raised former metalworker Igor Smirnov collected 103.6% of the votes. Nevertheless, some organizations, such as CIS-EMO, have participated and have called them democratic. Kamchatka Oblast, an oblast in Russia. ... Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov (b. ... On October 2002, the Commonwealth of Independent States adopted at a heads of states meeting, the Convention on the Standards of Democratic Elections, Electoral Rights, and Freedoms in the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States. ...


In August 2006, one month before the referendum against reintegration in Moldova, 4 members of pro-Moldovan NGO "Dignitas" from Slobozia were brought in for questioning by Transnistrian law enforcement as part of an investigation into a bus explosion which had taken place three days earlier and which killed two people. They were released after few days in custody, no charges being made against them [7]. The 2006 referendum in Transnistria took place in Transnistria on 17 September 2006. ... Slobozia (Russian:Slobodzeya) is the seat of the Administrative Region of Slobozia of Transnistria, which is an unrecognized country, that has declared itself independent of Moldova. ...


In November 2006, the Moldovan press reported that the offices of the Rîbniţa district comitee of the Communist Party in Transnistria were closed by the local Transnistrian authorities.[8]. The Communist Party of Moldova condemned the act and claims it was closed under false pretenses.[9]


December 2006 presidential elections

For 10 December 2006 are scheduled presidential elections in Transnistria. 3 candidates were registered to run: current president Igor Smirnov, the Tighina MP Piotr Tomaily and Communist Party candidate Nadejda Bondarenko. A forth candidate who wanted to register for December 2006 presidential elections, Andrey Safonov, was denied registration as allegedly some of signatures for his suport were forged. Safonov declared that he is a victim of political revenge, as in his view, he is the only real opposition candidate, and announced he will apply to court to dispute the decision of Electoral Comision[10]. Igor Nikolayevich Smirnov (b. ... Tighina or Bender (Russian: Бендеры) is a city in Transnistria, a breakaway region of Moldova. ...


Participation of Transnistrians at Moldovan elections

Despite the fact that the majority of transnistrians hold Moldovan citizenship{fact}, Transnistria does not allow the organisation of Moldovan elections in Transnistrian territory. Likewise, Moldova also does not allow the organization of Transnistrian elections in Moldovan-controlled territory. Polling stations were organised only in those areas of Transnistria under Moldovan government control.


Political parties from Moldova have organisations in Transnistria[11] but refuse to participate at elections for secessionist government, they participate only in the elections of the Republic of Moldova.


In 2005 Moldovan parliamentary elections nine special polling stations were organised near Dniester for "guest voters" coming from Transnistria who wished to vote in the Moldovan elections. Around 8000 citizens voted there, who were included in suplimentarry voter rolls. In those special polling stations results were: 30% for Communist Party (compared with 46% in entire Moldova), 50% for Democratic Moldova Bloc (28,5% in entire Moldova), 8% for Christian-Democratic Party (9,1% in entire Moldova) and 6% for each Social Democratic Party and Patria-Rodina Bloc. Due to large turnout of transnistrian voters queues were formed and some voters didn't managed to vote. As claimed by the Coalition for Free and Democratic Elections, many transnistrian voters were not informed properly about the place of the voting and some owners of Soviet passport which don't bear the mention "citizen of Moldova" were not allowed to vote[12].


References

  1. ^ Census results of 2004 and comparation with census of 1989, by Olvia Press
  2. ^ Results of 2004 census in the Republic of Moldova(Romanian)
  3. ^ PMR CEC announces final referendum results (Russian)
  4. ^ Mihai Grecu, Anatol Ţăranu - The policy of linguistic cleansning in Transnistria, page 26-27
  5. ^ Mihai Grecu, Anatol Ţăranu - The policy of linguistic cleansning in Transnistria, page 27
  6. ^ Mihai Grecu, Anatol Ţăranu - The policy of linguistic cleansing in Transnistria, page 27
  7. ^ Transnistria Special Forces release members of organization Dignitas
  8. ^ PCRM indignant at Tiraspol’s decision to hinder Transdniestrian Communist Party’s work
  9. ^ Transnistria.md report of Communist office closure
  10. ^ Tiraspol not willing to register oposition representative in electoral race
  11. ^ Position of transnistrian structures of "Our Moldova" Alliance
  12. ^ e-democracy report about 2005 Moldovan election

See also

Elections in Moldova gives information on election and election results in Moldova. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Politics of Moldova - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1721 words)
Politics of Moldova takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
The population of the Moldovan region of Transnistria is 30% Romanian, 30% Ukrainian, and 30% Russian.
Politically the government is committed to present a budget that will deal with social safety net items such as health, education, and increasing pensions and salaries.
Moldova (12776 words)
Prison conditions in Transnistria remained harsh, and three ethnic Moldovans, members of the Iliascu group, remained in prison despite charges by international groups that their trials were biased and unfair.
Travel between Transnistria and the rest of the country was not prevented, and the Government maintained that Transnistria is an integral part of a single state, although with a status yet to be determined.
The percentage of women in government and politics does not correspond to their percentage of the population; however, there are no restrictions in law or practice on the participation of women in political life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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