FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Politics of Tanzania
Politics of Tanzania

Politics of Tanzania
Political parties in Tanzania
Elections in Tanzania Large flag of Tanzania Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... Political parties in Tanzania lists political parties in Tanzania. ... Politics of Tanzania Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Tanzania ...

Tanzania's president and National Assembly members are elected concurrently by direct popular vote for 5-year terms. The president appoints a prime minister who serves as the government's leader in the National Assembly. The president selects his cabinet from among National Assembly members. The Constitution also empowers him to nominate 10 non-elected members of Parliament, who also are eligible to become cabinet members. Elections for president and all National Assembly seats will be held in October 2005. President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... This article is about the political process. ... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives...


The unicameral National Assembly elected in 2000 has 295 members. These 295 members include the Attorney General, five members elected from the Zanzibar House of Representatives to participate in the Parliament, the special women's seats which are made up of 20% of the seats a particular party has in the House, 181 constituents seats of members of Parliament from the mainland, and 50 seats from Zanzibar. Also in the list are 48 appointed for women and the seats for the 10 nominated members of Parliament. At present, the ruling CCM holds about 93% of the seats in the Assembly. Laws passed by the National Assembly are valid for Zanzibar only in specifically designated union matters. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar, Tanzania, comprises a pair of islands off the east coast of Africa called Zanzibar (Unguja) (1994 est. ... The Chama Cha Mapinduzi or Revolutionary State Party is the ruling party of Tanzania. ...


Zanzibar's House of Representatives has jurisdiction over all non-union matters. There are currently 76 members in the House of Representatives in Zanzibar, including 50 elected by the people, 10 appointed by the president of Zanzibar, 5 exofficio members, and an attorney general appointed by the president. In May 2002, the government increased the number of special seats allocated to women from 10 to 15, which will increase the number of House of Representatives members to 81. Ostensibly, Zanzibar's House of Representatives can make laws for Zanzibar without the approval of the union government as long as it does not involve union-designated matters. The terms of office for Zanzibar's president and House of Representatives also are 5 years. The semiautonomous relationship between Zanzibar and the union is a relatively unique system of government.


Tanzania has a five-level judiciary combining the jurisdictions of tribal, Islamic, and British common law. Appeal is from the primary courts through the district courts, resident magistrate courts, to the high courts, and Court of Appeals. Judges are appointed by the Chief Justice, except those for the Court of Appeals and the High Court who are appointed by the president. The Zanzibari court system parallels the legal system of the union, and all cases tried in Zanzibari courts, except for those involving constitutional issues and Islamic law, can be appealed to the Court of Appeals of the union. A commercial court was established in September 1999 as a division of the High Court.


For administrative purposes, Tanzania is divided into 26 regions--21 on the mainland, 3 on Zanzibar, and 2 on Pemba. Ninety-nine district councils have been created to further increase local authority. These districts are also now referred to as local government authorities. Currently there are 114 councils operating in 99 districts, 22 are urban and 92 are rural. The 22 urban units are classified further as city (Dar es Salaam and Mwanza), municipal (Arusha, Dodoma, Iringa, Kilimanjaro, Mbeya, Morogoro, Shinyanga, Tabora, and Tanga), and town councils (the remaining 11 communities). Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ... Arusha is a city in northern Tanzania. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the official capital of Tanzania and also the capital of the Dodomo region. ... Categories: Stub | Tanzania ... Kilimanjaro is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. ... Map of the Mbeya Region Mbeya is a city located in southwest Tanzania. ... Morogoro is a city with an urban population of just over 200,000 (as of 2002) in the southern highlands of Tanzania, 190 km west of Dar es Salaam. ... Map of the Shinyanga Region Shinyanga is a city located in northern Tanzania. ... Tabora is a region of Tanzania. ... For other meanings, see Tanga (Portugal), Tanga (clothing) and Tanga (Movie). ...

Contents


Political conditions

Full independence came in December 1961 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922 - 1999), a socialist leader who led Tanganyika from colonial rule, was elected President in 1962. One of Africa’s most respected figures, Julius Nyerere was a politician of principle and intelligence. Known as Mwalimu or teacher he had a vision of education that was rich with possibility. Julius Kambarage Nyerere (April 13, 1922 - October 14, 1999) was President of Tanzania, and previously Tanganyika, from the countrys founding until his retirement. ...


From independence in 1961 until the mid-1980s, Tanzania was a one-party state, with a socialist model of economic development. Beginning in the mid-1980s, under the administration of President Ali Hassan Mwinyi, Tanzania undertook a number of political and economic reforms. In January and February 1992, the government decided to adopt multiparty democracy. Legal and constitutional changes led to the registration of 11 political parties. Two parliamentary by-elections (won by CCM) in early 1994 were the first-ever multiparty elections in Tanzanian history. The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ... Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born May 8, 1925) was the president of the United Republic of Tanzania from 1985 to 1995. ...


In October 2000, Tanzania held its second multi-party general elections. The ruling CCM party's candidate, Benjamin W. Mkapa, defeated his three main rivals, winning the presidential election with 71% of the vote. In the parliamentary elections, CCM won 202 of the 232 elected seats. In the Zanzibar presidential election, Abeid Amani Karume, the son of former President Abeid Karume, defeated CUF candidate Seif Sharif Hamad. The election was marred by irregularities, and subsequent political violence claimed at least 23 lives in January 2001, mostly on Pemba island. Also, 16 CUF members were expelled from the Union Parliament after boycotting the legislature to protest the Zanzibar election results. Benjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) is the president of the United Republic of Tanzania (since 1995), for the Revolutionary State Party. ...


In October 2001, the CCM and the CUF parties signed a reconciliation agreement which called for electoral reforms and set up a Commission of Inquiry to investigate the deaths that occurred in January 2001 on Pemba. The agreement also led to President appointment of an additional CUF official to become a member of the Union Parliament. Changes to the Zanzibar Constitution in April 2002 allowed both the CCM and CUF parties to nominate members to the Zanzibar Electoral Commission. In May 2003, the Zanzibar Electoral Commission conducted by-elections to fill vacant seats in the parliament, including those seats vacated by the CUF boycott. Observers considered these by-elections, the first major test of the reconciliation agreement, to be free, fair, and peaceful. President Mkapa, Vice President Ali Mohamed Shein, Prime Minister Frederick Sumaye, and National Assembly members will serve until the next general elections in 2005. Similarly, Zanzibar President Karume and members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives also will complete their terms of office in 2005. Frederick Tluway Sumaye (born 1950) is the current Prime Minister of Tanzania. ...


Facts

Country name:

Conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania Conventional short form: Tanzania Former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar


Data code:

TZ


Government type:

Republic In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people living in that state or country. ...


Capital:

Dar es Salaam Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ...


note: some government offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the National Assembly now meets there on regular basis Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the official capital of Tanzania and also the capital of the Dodomo region. ...


Administrative divisions:

Tanzania is divided into 25 regions: Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West, Ziwa Magharibi Arusha is a city in northern Tanzania. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Dodoma, population 324,347 (2002 census), is the official capital of Tanzania and also the capital of the Dodomo region. ... Categories: Stub | Tanzania ... Kigoma is a town in western Tanzania, on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika and close to the border with Burundi. ... Kilimanjaro is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. ... Lindi is both a seaside town (2003 pop. ... Mara is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Map of the Mbeya Region Mbeya is a city located in southwest Tanzania. ... Morogoro is a city with an urban population of just over 200,000 (as of 2002) in the southern highlands of Tanzania, 190 km west of Dar es Salaam. ... Mtwara is one of the Southern regions of Tanzania which have been underdeveloped for a long time for various justifiable reasons and constraints. ... Mwanza is a city in northwest Tanzania and a southern port of Lake Victoria. ... Pemba North is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Pemba South is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Pwani is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Rukwa is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Ruvuma is a region in Tanzania. ... Map of the Shinyanga Region Shinyanga is a city located in northern Tanzania. ... About Singida: Singida is one of the poorest region in Tanzania. ... Tabora is a region of Tanzania. ... For other meanings, see Tanga (Portugal), Tanga (clothing) and Tanga (Movie). ... Zanzibar Central/South is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Zanzibar North is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ... Zanzibar Urban/West is one of the 26 regions of Tanzania. ...


note: Ziwa Magharibi may have been renamed Kagera Kagera is the northern province of Tanzania. ...


Independence:

April 26, 1964; Tanganyika became independent December 9, 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent December 19, 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar April 26 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania October 29 1964 April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 19 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 29 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


National holiday:

New Year's Day, 1 January Revolution Day, 12 January (1964) Union Day, 26 April (1964) Workers Day, 1 May Saba Saba, 7 July Nane Nane, 8 August Nyerere Day, 14 October Independece Day, 9 December (1961)


Constitution:

April 25, 1977; major revisions October 1984 April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Legal system:

based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction. Judicial review is the power of a court to review a law or an official act of a government employee or agent; for example, although the basis is different in different countries, as unconstitutional or violating of basic principles of justice. ...


Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal


Executive branch:

Chief of State: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since November 23, 1995) Vice President: Omar Ali JUMA (since 23 November 1995) note - the president is both chief of state and head of governmentfor matters internal to Zanzibar; Dr. Salmin AMOUR was elected to that office on October 22, 1995. Cabinet: Cabinet ministers, including the prime minister, are appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly Elections President and vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 29 October-19 November 1995 (next to be held October 29, 2000); prime minister appointed by the president Election results: Benjamin William MKAPA: 61.8%, Augustine Lyatonga MREMA: 27.8%, Ibrahim Haruna LIPUMBA: 6.4%, John Momose: CHEYO 4% Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... Benjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) is the president of the United Republic of Tanzania (since 1995), for the Revolutionary State Party. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 29 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


Legislative branch

Unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (274 seats - 232 elected by popular vote, 37 allocated to women nominated by the president, five to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives; members serve five-year terms); note - in addition to enacting laws that apply to the entire United Republic of Tanzania, the Assembly enacts laws that apply only to the mainland; Zanzibar has its own House of Representatives to make laws especially for Zanzibar (the Zanzibar House of Representatives has 50 seats, directly elected by universal suffrage to serve five-year terms) Elections: last held 29 October-19 November 1995 (next to be held NA October 2000) Election results: National Assembly: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CCM 186, CUF 24, NCCR-Mageuzi 16, CHADEMA 3, UDP 3; Zanzibar House of Representatives: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CCM 26, CUF 24


Judicial branch

Court of Appeal; High Court, judges appointed by the president


Political parties and leaders

Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo or CHADEMA [Bob MAKANI, chairman] Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Benjamin William MKAPA] Civic United Front or CUF [Seif Sharif HAMAD] Democratic Party (unregistered) [Reverend MTIKLA] National Convention for Construction and Reform or NCCR [Mabere MARANDO] Tanzania Labor Party or TLP [Augustine Lyatonga MREMA] Union for Multiparty Democracy or UMD [Abdullah FUNDIKIRA] United Democratic Party or UDP [John CHEYO]


See also


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m