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Encyclopedia > Politics of Sweden
Sweden

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Sweden
The Lesser Coat of Arms of the Realm is one of two official Coats of Arms of Sweden Blazon: Azure, with three coronets or, ordered two above one. This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ...



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Politics of Sweden takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Sweden is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Popular government in Sweden rests upon ancient traditions. The Swedish Riksdag stems from the ancient court system used by all Germanic peoples, the Ting, and the election of kings in the Viking age. The state of Sweden is a limited constitutional monarchy. The Government of Sweden adheres to Parliamentarismde jure since 1975, de facto since 1917. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Bernadotte) (born April 30, 1946), styled His Majesty The King, is the King of Sweden. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ... Hans Göran Persson ( ; born January 20, 1949) is a Swedish politician. ... The Government agencies in Sweden are state controlled organizations who act independently to carry out the policies of the Swedish Government. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... The Speaker, or Talman, of the Riksdag is the chairman of the national parliament in Sweden. ... Björn von Sydow Sydow with U.S. Secretary of Defence William Cohen in Stockholm, June 12, 2000. ... A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... A County Administrative Board is a Government appointed board of a County in Sweden. ... The Swedish Counties were run by Governors, appointed by the Swedish monarch, since their establishment in 1634. ... A County Council, or Landsting, is an elected assembly of a County in Sweden. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... The Sami Parliament is a representative body for peoples of Sami heritage in several Scandinavian countries. ... Elections in Sweden gives information on election and election results in Sweden. ... Results of the general election to the Riksdag, the parliament of Sweden, held Sunday September 15, 2002. ... A general election will be held in Sweden on September 17, 2006 to elect members to the Riksdag. ... Since the introduction of parliamentarism in Sweden six referendums have been held. ... Political parties in Sweden lists political parties in Sweden. ... The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies and the latter being republics A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Places where monarchies maintain rule appear in blue. ... The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... In law, the judiciary or judicature is the system of courts which administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... A thing or ting (Old Norse and Icelandic: þing; other modern Scandinavian: ting) was the governing assembly in Germanic societies, made up of the free men of the community and presided by lawspeakers. ... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern a society, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...

Contents


Constitution

The Constitution of Sweden consists of four fundamental laws. The most important is the Instrument of Government of 1974 which sets out the basic principles of political life in Sweden, defining rights and freedoms. The Act of Succession is a treaty between the old Riksdag of the Estates and The House of Bernadotte regulating their rights to accede to the Swedish throne. The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws (Swedish: grundlagar): The Instrument of Government (Regeringsformen, 1974) The Act of Succession (1810) The Freedom of the Press Act (1766) The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991) There is also a law on the working order of the Parliament with a... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ... The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ...

The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws (Swedish: grundlagar): The Instrument of Government (1974) The Act of Succession (1810) The Freedom of the Press Act (1766) The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991) There is also a law on the working order of the Parliament with a special... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Act of Succession, or Successionsordningen, is a part of the Swedish Constitution. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws (Swedish: grundlagar): The Instrument of Government (1974) The Act of Succession (1810) The Freedom of the Press Act (1766) The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991) There is also a law on the working order of the Parliament with a special... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws (Swedish: grundlagar): The Instrument of Government (1974) The Act of Succession (1810) The Freedom of the Press Act (1766) The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991) There is also a law on the working order of the Parliament with a special... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Executive branch

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
King Carl XVI Gustav 15 September 1973
Prime Minister Göran Persson Socialdemokraterna 22 March 1996

Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus), styled HM The King (born April 30, 1946), King of Sweden, is the son of Prince Gustaf Adolf (1906-1947) and Sibylla of Saxe_Coburg_Gotha (1908-1972), and the grandson of King Gustav VI Adolf. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ... Hans Göran Persson ( ; born January 20, 1949) is a Swedish politician. ... The Swedish Social Democratic Workers Party or Social Democrats (Swedish: Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti or Socialdemokraterna; literally, Social Democratic Workers Party of Sweden and Social Democrats) is a major political party in Sweden. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

Head of State

Main article: Monarch of Sweden

King Carl XVI Gustav of the House of Bernadotte became king in 1973. His authority is formal, symbolic, and representational. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus), styled HM The King (born April 30, 1946), King of Sweden, is the son of Prince Gustaf Adolf (1906-1947) and Sibylla of Saxe_Coburg_Gotha (1908-1972), and the grandson of King Gustav VI Adolf. ... The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ...


Government

Main article: Government of Sweden

The executive authority of the government is vested in the cabinet, which consists of a Prime Minister and roughly 20 Ministers who run the government departments. The Ministers are appointed by the Prime Minister without any confirmation of the Parliament. The Prime Minister is first appointed by the Speaker of Parliament and then confirmed (with the cabinet ministers) by Parliament. The monarch plays no part in this process. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ...


Legislative branch

Main article: Parliament of Sweden

The unicameral Riksdag has 349 members, popularly elected every 4 years and is in session generally from September through mid-June. Riksdag is also the Swedish name of the Parliament of Finland. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ...

The Riksdag in Stockholm
Enlarge
The Riksdag in Stockholm
Inside the Riksdag
Enlarge
Inside the Riksdag

Legislation may be initiated by the Cabinet or by members of Parliament. Members are elected on the basis of proportional representation for a four-year term. The Constitution of Sweden can be altered by the Riksdag, which requires a supermajority and confirmation after the following general elections. Sweden has three other constitutional laws: the Act of Royal Succession, the Freedom of Press Act and the Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression. Image File history File links Riksdagen-fran-vattnet-2004-05-09. ... Image File history File links Riksdagen-fran-vattnet-2004-05-09. ... Image File history File links 800px-Sveriges_riksdag_2001_a. ... Image File history File links 800px-Sveriges_riksdag_2001_a. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is an electoral system delivering a close match between the percentage of votes that the political parties obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive in legislative assemblies. ... The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws (Swedish: grundlagar): The Instrument of Government (Regeringsformen, 1974) The Act of Succession (1810) The Freedom of the Press Act (1766) The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (1991) There is also a law on the working order of the Parliament with a... A supermajority or a qualified majority is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level or type of support which exceeds a simple majority in order to have effect. ...


The Swedish Social Democratic Party has played a leading political role since 1917, after Reformists had confirmed their strength and the revolutionaries left the party. After 1932, the Cabinets have been dominated by the Social Democrats. Only three general elections (1976,1979 and 1991) have given the centre-right bloc enough seats in Parliament to form a government. It is considered the reason for the Swedish post-war welfare state, with a government expenditure of slightly more than 50% of the gross domestic product. The Swedish Social Democratic Workers Party or Social Democrats (Swedish: Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti or Socialdemokraterna; literally, Social Democratic Workers Party of Sweden and Social Democrats) is a major political party in Sweden. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Reformism (also called revisionism or revisionist theory) is the belief that gradual changes in a society can ultimately change its fundamental structures. ... The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) is a socialist and feminist political party in Sweden, from 1967 to 1990 known as the Left Party - Communists (Vänsterpartiet kommunisterna; (vpk)). On welfare issues, the party opposes privatizations. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... It has been suggested that Welfare capitalism be merged into this article or section. ... A regions gross domestic product, or GDP, is one of several measures of the size of its economy. ...


Political parties and elections

The following election results include names of political parties. See for additional information about parties the List of political parties in Sweden. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Sweden.

Note: this list intentionally mentions the party leaders at the time of the election in 2002. An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... Political parties in Sweden lists political parties in Sweden. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... Elections in Sweden gives information on election and election results in Sweden. ... Results of the general election to the Riksdag, the parliament of Sweden, held Sunday September 15, 2002. ...

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 15 September 2002 Sweden Riksdag election results
Parties Leaders Votes Seats
No. +− % No. +−
Worker's Party Social Democrats (Arbetarepartiet Socialdemokraterna) Göran Persson 2 113 560 39,85 +3,46 144 +13
Moderates (Moderaterna) Bo Lundgren 809 041 15,26 −7,64 55 −27
Liberal People's Party (Folkpartiet liberalerna) Lars Leijonborg 710 312 13,39 +8,67 48 +31
Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) Alf Svensson 485 235 9,15 −2,62 33 −9
Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) Gudrun Schyman 444 854 8,39 −3,60 30 −13
Centre Party (Centerpartiet) Maud Olofsson 328 428 6,19 +1,06 22 +4
Green Party (Miljöpartiet de Gröna) Maria Wetterstrand and Peter Eriksson 246 392 4,65 +0,16 17 +1
Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna) Mikael Jansson 76 300 1,44 +1,07
Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party (Sveriges Pensionärers Intresseparti) Kerstin Koistinen 37 573 0,71 +0,29
Norrbotten Party (Norrbottenspartiet) Lars Törnman 14 854 0,28 +0,28
New Future (Ny Framtid) Sune Lyxell 9 337 0,18 +0,01
National Democrats (Nationaldemokraterna) Anders Steen 9,248 0,17 +0,17
Skåne Party (Skånepartiet) Carl P Herslow 4 564 0,09 +0,09
Socialist Party (Socialistiska Partiet) ? 3 213 0,06 +0,03
New Democracy¹ (Ny Demokrati) ? 2,207 0,04 -0,11
Justice Party - the Socialists (Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna) Per-Åke Westerlund 1 519 0,03 −0,03
Communist Party of Sweden (Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti) Rolf Hagel 1 182 0,02 −0,01
Unity (Enhet) Ulf Wåhlström 603 0,01 -0,02
Free List (Fria Listan) ? 502 0,01 +0,01
Voice of the Free People (Det fria folkets, röst) Gunnar Petersen 207 0,00 -
European Worker's Party (Europeiska Arbetarpartiet) Ulf Sandmark 163 0,00 ±0
Welfare Party (Välfärdspartiet) ? 94 0,00 -
National Democratic Party of Sweden (Sveriges Nationella Demokratiska Parti) ? 87 0,00 -
Alliance Party (Allianspartiet) ? 58 0,00 ±0
Scania Federalists (Skånefederalisterna) Malte Lewan 52 0,00 -
Communist League (Kommunistiska Förbundet) ? 46 0,00 ±0
Citizens Party (Medborgarpartiet) Percy Brunström 27 0,00 ±0
Rikshushållarna Lennart Nyberg 17 0,00 -
Republicans (Republikanerna) ? 15 0,00 ±0
Tax Reformists (Skattereformisterna) ? 14 0,00 -
Popular Democrats (Folkdemokraterna) John Andersson 12 0,00 ±0
Populist Party (Populistpartiet) ? 11 0,00 -
New Swedes D.P.N.S. (De Nya Svenskarna D.P.N.S) ? 11 0,00 -
Donald Duck Party (Kalle Anka-partiet) Bosse Persson 10 0,00 -
Parties with less than 10 votes 69 0,0
Valid votes 5 303 212 100,00   349  
Invalid votes 82 218  
Total 5 385 430
(80,11 %)

¹ New Democracy was actually dissolved by the time of the election and did not run, but some voters wrote the party name on an empty ballot anyway. The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... The Swedish Social Democratic Workers Party or Social Democrats (Swedish: Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti or Socialdemokraterna; literally, Social Democratic Workers Party of Sweden and Social Democrats) is a major political party in Sweden. ... Hans Göran Persson ( ; born January 20, 1949) is a Swedish politician. ... The Moderate Unity Party (in Swedish: Moderata samlingspartiet, commonly referred to as Moderaterna) is a liberal conservative party in Sweden. ... Bo Lundgren Bo Axel Magnus Lundgren (born July 11, 1947) is a Swedish politician. ... The Liberal Party of Sweden (in Swedish: Folkpartiet liberalerna, abbreviated fp, meaning Peoples Party the Liberals) is a political party in Sweden. ... Lars Leijonborg (born 1949) is a Swedish politician and the leader of the liberal Peoples Party. ... The Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) is a political party in Sweden. ... Alf Svensson (born 1938) is a Swedish politician who was the leader of the Christian Democrats in Sweden between 1973 and April 3, 2004. ... The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) is a socialist and feminist political party in Sweden, from 1967 to 1990 known as the Left Party - Communists (Vänsterpartiet kommunisterna; (vpk)). On welfare issues, the party opposes privatizations. ... Gudrun Schyman Gudrun Schyman (born June 9, 1948) is a Swedish politician. ... The Centre Party (Centerpartiet) is a political party in Sweden. ... Maud Olofsson Maud Olofsson (born Olsson, August 1955) is a Swedish politician and the current leader of the Centre Party of Sweden (Centerpartiet). ... The Green Party (Miljöpartiet de Gröna) is a political party in Sweden. ... Maria Wetterstrand (born October 2, 1973) is a Swedish politician. ... Peter Eriksson Peter Eriksson (born 1958) is one of the spokespersons of the Green Party in Sweden. ... international = None style=vertical-align: top; text-align: left; Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna) (SD), founded in 1988 by Leif Zeilon, is a Swedish far right political party. ... Mikael Jansson (born 1965) is the party leader for Sverigedemokraterna (Sweden Democrats) part time. ... The Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party (Sveriges Pensionärers Intresseparti) is a political party in Sweden. ... The Norbotten Party (Norrbottenspartiet) is a regional political party in Sweden without parliamentary representation. ... New Future (Ny Framtid, abbreviated NYF) is a eurosceptic political party in Sweden. ... The National Democrats (Nationaldemokraterna) is a minor nationalist political party in Sweden of the extreme-right [1]. It was formed by a faction of Sverigedemokraterna in October 2001 and is widely regarded as racist and neo-fascist. ... Logo of the SkÃ¥ne Party. ... The Socialistika Partiet is a Swedish political party, the Swedish section of the United Secretariat of the Fourth International. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... Ny Demokrati, or New Democracy, was a Swedish political party represented in the Riksdag between 1991 and 1994. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... Justice Party - the Socialists (in Swedish: Rättvisepartiet Socialisterna), a political party in Sweden. ... The Communist Party of Sweden (Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti) is the continuation of Workers Party - the Communists (Arbetarpartiet Kommunisterna, abbreviated APK). ... Unity (in Swedish: Enhet) is a small political party in Sweden. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... The European Workers Party (Europeiska Arbetarpartiet) is a political party in Sweden without parliamentary representation. ... Ulf Sandmark is one of the founding members of the LaRouche Movement in Sweden and the current leader of the European Workers Party, the Swedish section of the LaRouche Movement. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... Alliance Party (in Swedish: Allianspartiet) is a political party in Sweden. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... Communist League (Kommunistiska Förbundet). ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... Popular Democrats (in Swedish: Folkdemokraterna) Folkdemokraterna is a small political party in Sweden. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... The Donald Duck Party (Kalle Anka-partiet) is a Swedish joke political party that gets votes without really existing. ...


Judiciary

Main article: Judiciary of Sweden

Swedish law, drawing on Germanic, Roman, and Anglo-American law, is neither as codified as in France and other countries influenced by the Napoleonic Code, nor as dependent on judicial practice and precedents as in the United States. First page of the 1804 original edition The original Napoleonic Code, or Code Napoléon (originally called the Code civil des français, or civil code of the French), was the French civil code, established at the behest of Napoléon I. It entered into force on March 21, 1804. ...

  • Courts: Civil and criminal jurisdiction
    • Supreme Court or Högsta domstolen
    • Courts of appeal or Hovrätter
    • District courts or Tingsrätter
  • Administrative Courts: Litigation between the Public and the Government.
    • The Supreme Administrative Court or Regeringsrätten
    • Administrative courts of appeal or Kammarrätter
    • County administrative courts or Länsrätter

The Palace of Bonde, situated right next to the House of Knights, is the current seat of the Supreme Court The Supreme Court of Sweden (Swedish: Högsta domstolen) is the supreme court and the third and final instance in all civil and criminal cases in Sweden. ... The Chancellor of Justice (Justitiekanslern) is a government official charged with representing the Swedish government in various legal matters. ...

Politicians

Sweden has a history of strong political involvement by ordinary people through its "popular movements" (Folkrörelser in Swedish), the most notable being trade unions, the women's movement, the temperance movement, and -- more recently -- sports movement. Election turnout in Sweden has always been high in international comparisons, although it has declined in recent decades, and is currently around 80 percent (80.11 in Sweden general election, 2002). A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Suffrage parade in New York City on May 6, 1912 The Feminist movement (also known as the Womens Movement and Womens Liberation) campaigns on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, sexual harassment, discrimination and sexual violence. ... A cartoon from Australia ca. ... Results of the general election to the Riksdag, the parliament of Sweden, held Sunday September 15, 2002. ...


Some Swedish political figures that have become known worldwide include Joe Hill, Carl Skoglund, Raoul Wallenberg, Folke Bernadotte, Dag Hammarskjöld, Olof Palme, Carl Bildt, Hans Blix, and Anna Lindh. Joe Hill Joe Hill, born Joel Emmanuel Hägglund, and also known as Joseph Hillström (October 7, 1879 – November 19, 1915) was a Swedish-American labor activist and member of the Industrial Workers of the World, better known as the Wobblies. ... Carl Skoglund (1884—1960) was a Swedish-American socialist, affectionately called Skogie by all his American friends and comrades. ... Raoul Wallenberg (1912-1947) in passport photo from June 1944 Memorial to Raoul Wallenberg in Great Cumberland Place, London USPS Wallenberg Stamp, 1997 Memorial to Wallenberg in Budapest, Hungary (August 4, 1912 – July 16, 1947 (unconfirmed)) was a Swedish diplomat and a member of the influential Wallenberg family. ... Count Folke Bernadotte of Wisborg (January 2, 1895 - September 17, 1948), or simply Count Bernadotte, was a Swedish diplomat noted for his negotiation of the release of 15,000 mostly Scandinavian prisoners [1] from the German concentration camps in World War II and for his assassination by members of a... Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld ( ) (July 29, 1905 – September 18, 1961) was a Swedish diplomat and the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. ... Sven Olof Joachim Palme ( ) (January 30, 1927 – February 28, 1986) was a Swedish politician. ... (help· info) (born July 15, 1949) is a Swedish politician, diplomat and nobleman. ... Hans Blix in Vienna 2002. ... Anna Lindh Photo: Pawel Flato Anna Lindh (June 19, 1957 – September 11, 2003) was a Swedish Social Democratic politician who served as Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1998 until her assassination. ...


Administrative divisions

Main article: Counties of Sweden

Sweden is divided into 21 counties. In each county there is a County Administrative Board and a County Council. Each county is also divided into several Municipalities, in total 289. Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. The King, the Parliament and the Cabinet all sit in Stockholm. Up to 1968 when the Overgovenor's Office was incorporated into Stockholm County, it had a special status. A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... A County Administrative Board is a Government appointed board of a County in Sweden. ... A County Council, or Landsting, is an elected assembly of a County in Sweden. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... Stockholm panorama from the City Hall is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Riksdag is also the Swedish name of the Parliament of Finland. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Stockholm County, or Stockholms län, is a County or län on the Baltic sea coast of Sweden. ...


Energy politics

For more details on this topic, see Nuclear power phase-out#Sweden.

After the 1973 oil crisis, the energy politics were determined to become less dependent on the import of petroleum. Since then, electricity has been generated mostly from hydropower and nuclear power. Sweden wants to be independent of petroleum use by 2020. Accidents at the Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station (USA) prompted the Swedish parliament in 1980 after a referendum to decide that no further nuclear power plants should be built and that a nuclear power phase-out should be completed by 2010. As of 2005, the use of renewables amounted to 26% of the energy supply in Sweden, most important being hydropower and biomass. In 2003, electricity from hydropower accounted for 53 TWh and 40% of the country's production of electricity with nuclear power delivering 65 TWh (49%). At the same time, the use of biofuels, peat etc. produced 13 TWh of electricity [1]. A nuclear power plant at Grafenrheinfeld, Germany. ... -1... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a black, dark brown or greenish liquid found in porous rock formations in the earth. ... Undershot water wheels on the Orontes River in Hama, Syria Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station is a civilian nuclear power plant located on an artificial island (Three Mile Island) in the Susquehanna River near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... A nuclear power plant at Grafenrheinfeld, Germany. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Renewable energy (sources) or RES capture their energy from existing flows of energy, from on-going natural processes, such as sunshine, wind, flowing water (hydropower), biological processes such as anaerobic digestion, and geothermal heat flow. ... Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The terawatt hour (TW·h) is a unit for measuring energy. ... Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... Biofuel is any fuel that derives from biomass — recently living organisms or their metabolic byproducts, such as manure from cows. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In March 2005, an opinion poll showed that 83% supported maintaining or increasing nuclear power [2]. Since then however, reports about radioactive leakages at a nuclear waste store in Forsmark, Sweden, have been published [3]. This doesn't seem to have changed the public support of continued use of nuclear power.


Sweden decided to phase out nuclear fission before 2020, although it is very unlikely that this will happen. 2020 (MMXX) will be a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Foreign relations

Throughout the 20th century, Swedish foreign policy was based on the principle of non-alignment in peacetime, neutrality in wartime. The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war. ... The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war. ... The Non-Aligned Movement, or NAM is an international organization of over 100 states which consider themselves not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. ... A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ...


During Cold War era politics, Sweden was not under the Warsaw Pact and received only minimal aid from the Marshall Plan. In 1952, a Swedish DC-3 was shot down over the Baltic Sea while gathering reconnaissance. It was later revealed that the plane had been shot down by the Soviet Union. Another plane, a Catalina search and rescue craft, was sent out a few days later and shot down by Soviets warplanes as well. The Cold War (Russian: Холодная война Kholodnaya Voina) was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... Unofficial Seal of the Warsaw Pact Distinguish from the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement among airlines about financial liability. ... Map of Cold-War era Europe showing countries that received Marshall Plan aid. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... On June 13, 1952 a Swedish military DC-3 flying over the Baltic Sea, clandestinely carrying out signals intelligence operations for the USA, disappeared east of Gotland. ... PBY Catalina was the US Navy designation for an American and Canadian-built flying boat of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea...


Sweden was the first western nation to detect unusually high radiation levels in the atmosphere, which later was confirmed to have been the residual nuclear fallout from the Chernobyl accident. Radiation in physics is a process of emission of energy or particles. ... Chernobyl area. ...


Sweden is also very active in international peace efforts, especially through the United Nations, and in support to the Third World. United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ...


In 1995 Sweden together with Finland and Austria joined the European Union, extending the number of member countries from 12 to 15. Membership and its issues are among the most important questions in Swedish politics. Apart from the European Union Sweden is also an active member of the UN and several other organisations such as OECD and IMF. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ...


See also

Since the introduction of parliamentarism in Sweden six referendums have been held. ... Political parties in Sweden lists political parties in Sweden. ...

External links

  • The Swedish Government - Official site
  • The Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament) - Official site
  • The Royal Court of Sweden - Official site
  • Guide to the Swedish Election 2006 - The Local

The Local is an English-language online newspaper published in Sweden. ...

References

  1. ^ SCB figures about energy production and usage 1994-2003 - in Swedish
  2. ^ "Nuclear Power in Sweden" - Uranium Information Centre, Australia
  3. ^ "Swedish nuclear power station leaks high levels of radioactive waste into Baltic" - Forbes June 29, 2005

  Results from FactBites:
 
Politics of Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1258 words)
Politics of Sweden takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Sweden is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
Sweden was the first western nation to detect unusually high radiation levels in the atmosphere, which later was confirmed to have been the residual nuclear fallout from the Chernobyl accident.
Sweden is also very active in international peace efforts, especially through the United Nations, and in support to the Third World.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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