FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Politics of South Africa
Politics - Politics portal

South Africa
Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ...



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
South Africa
South Africa coat-of-arms; fair use; from http://www. ...

The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born June 18, 1942, in Idutwa, South Africa) is the President of the Republic of South Africa. ... The Deputy President of South Africa is appointed by the President of South Africa. ... Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka (3 November 1955 –) is the current Deputy President of South Africa. ... Ministers, in the South African government, are Members of Parliament who hold a ministerial warrants to perform certain functions of government. ... The Parliament of South Africa, has undergone many transformations, as a result of the countrys tumultuous history. ... Categories: South African politics | South Africa stubs ... The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of South Africa, located in Cape Town, Western Cape Province. ... The Speaker of the National Assembly presides over the South African National Assembly. ... Tony Leon Anthony James Leon (born 15 December 1956) is a South African politician and the leader of the Democratic Alliance, South Africas main opposition party and current leader of the opposition. ... The South African Constitutional Court was established in 1994 by South Africas first democratic constitution: the Interim Constitution of 1993. ... The South African Supreme Court of Appeal is the South African court which has the final say on all matters, except those that involve the constitution. ... The High Court of South Africa is a court of law in South Africa. ... Elections in South Africa gives information on election and election results in South Africa. ... Political parties in South Africa lists political parties in South Africa. ... Foreign Relations of South Africa South African forces fought on the Allied side in both World War I and World War II, and it participated in the postwar United Nations force in the Korean War. ...

Contents


Constitution

Following the 1994 elections, South Africa was governed under an interim constitution. This constitution required the Constituent Assembly (CA) to draft and approve a permanent constitution by 9 May 1996. A constituent assembly is a body elected with the purpose of drafting, and in some cases, adopting a constitution. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


The present Constitution of South Africa was certified by the Constitutional Court on 4 December 1996, was signed by then President Mandela on 10 December 1996, and entered into effect on 3 February 1997; it is being implemented in phases. The current and official Constitution of South Africa was adopted on 8 May 1996. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela IPA: (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Government of National Unity (GNU) established under the interim constitution ostensibly remained in effect until the 1999 national elections. The parties originally comprising the GNU — the African National Congress (ANC), the National Party (NP), and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) — shared executive power. On 30 June 1996, the NP withdrew from the GNU to become part of the opposition. Between April 27, 1994 and February 3, 1997 South Africa was governed under the terms of the interim Constitution of South Africa. ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party supported by a tripartite alliance between itself, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... The National Party (Afrikaans: Nasionale Party) (with its members sometimes known as Nationalists or Nats) was the governing party of South Africa from 1948 until 1994, and was disbanded in 2005. ... The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Executive branch

Under the Constitution, the President is both head of state and head of government. President Thabo Mbeki was unanimously elected by the National Assembly on 16 June 1999. Cabinet Ministers are appointed by the President. Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State in many Commonwealth countries including the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand, the Bahamas and many more, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The head of government is the leader of the government or cabinet. ... Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born June 18, 1942, in Idutwa, South Africa) is the President of the Republic of South Africa. ... The National Assembly is the name of either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ...


Legislative branch

The bicameral Parliament of South Africa consists of the National Assembly (400 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional representation to serve five-year terms) and the National Council of Provinces (90 seats, 10 members elected by each of the nine provincial legislatures for five-year terms). Half of the members of the National Assembly are chosen from nationwide party lists, the other from party lists for each province. Electoral reform is under consideration, with smaller multi-member constituencies being introduced. Following the implementation of the new constitution on 3 February 1997 the National Council of Provinces replaced the former Senate with essentially no change in membership and party affiliations, although the new institution's responsibilities have been changed; with the body now having special powers to protect regional interests, including the safeguarding of cultural and linguistic traditions among ethnic minorities. The Parliament of South Africa, has undergone many transformations, as a result of the countrys tumultuous history. ... Proportional representation (PR) is a (by necessity multi-winner) electoral system whose use tends to make elections result in groups of votes being represented in proportional fractions in some body of representatives, i. ... Electoral reform projects seek to change the way that public desires are reflected in elections through electoral systems. ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: South African politics | South Africa stubs ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ...


Political parties and elections

Election results include names of political parties. See for additional information about parties the List of political parties in South Africa. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in South Africa.

General elections are held every 5 years. The first fully multi-racial democratic election was held in 1994, the second in 1999, and the most recent in 2004. The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) are in a formal alliance with the ruling ANC. An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... Political parties in South Africa lists political parties in South Africa. ... See Election (movie) for the film directed by Alexander Payne. ... Elections in South Africa gives information on election and election results in South Africa. ... 1994 General Election results, National Assembly African National Congress (ANC) 12,237,655 62. ... South Africas second non-racial general election, held on 1999-06-02, was won by the African National Congress (ANC), who increased their number of seats by 14. ... Legislative elections were held in South Africa on Wednesday, 14 April 2004. ... The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) is a trade union federation in South Africa. ... SACP symbol South African Communist Party (SACP) is a political party in South Africa. ...

edit
Summary of the 14 April 2004 South African National Assembly election results
Parties Leaders Votes % Change Seats Change
Image:Ancsmall.jpg African National Congress (ANC) Thabo Mbeki 10,880,915 69.69 +3.34 279 +13
Democratic Alliance (DA) Tony Leon 1,931,201 12.37 +2.81 50 +12
Image:Inkatha.jpg Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) Mangosuthu Buthelezi 1,088,664 6.97 -1.61 28 -6
Image:Uniteddm.jpg United Democratic Movement (UDM) Bantu Holomisa 355,717 2.28 -1.14 9 -5
Image:Indedem.jpg Independent Democrats (ID) Patricia de Lille 269,765 1.7 +1.7 7 +7
Image:Nnparty.jpg New National Party (NNP) Marthinus van Schalkwyk 257,824 1.65 -5.22 7 -21
Image:Africhristdp.jpg African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) Kenneth Meshoe 250,272 1.60 +0.17 7 +1
Image:Ffplus.jpg Freedom Front Plus (FF+) Pieter Mulder 139,465 0.89 -0.20 4 -
Image:Ucdplogo.jpg United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) Lucas Mangope 117,792 0.75 -0.03 3 -
Image:Pacsmall.jpg Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) Motsoko Pheko 113,512 0.73 +0.02 3 -
Image:Minorityfront.jpg Minority Front (MF) Amichand Rajbansi 55,267 0.35 +0.05 2 +1
Azanian People's Organisation (AZAPO) Mosibudi Mangena 39,116 0.25 +0.08 1 -
Christian Democratic Party (CDP) Ra Du Plooy 17,619 0.11 +0.11 0 -
National Action (South Africa) (NA) Jacobus Frederick Jonker 15,804 0.10 +0.10 0 -
Peace and Justice Congress (PJC) Muhammed Rashad Khan 15,187 0.10 +0.10 0 -
Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) LT Mabasa 14,853 0.10 +0.04 0 -
New Labour Party (NLP) Colin Francois du Sart 13,318 0.09 +0.09 0 -
United Front (UF) T. D. Hlatshwayo 11,889 0.08 +0.08 0 -
Employment Movement of South Africa (EMSA) M. Reitz 10,446 0.07 +0.07 0 -
The Organisation Party (TOP) Bradford Gavin Wood 7,531 0.05 +0.05 0 -
Keep It Straight and Simple (KISS) C.C. Emary 6,514 0.04 +0.04 0 -
Total 15,612,671 100.0   400 0

The National Assembly is the lower house of the Parliament of South Africa, located in Cape Town, Western Cape Province. ... Image File history File links Ancsmall. ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party supported by a tripartite alliance between itself, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born June 18, 1942, in Idutwa, South Africa) is the President of the Republic of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Logo of the Democratic Alliance, from their website, for use on their article. ... The Democratic Alliance (DA) is a liberal South African political party, and the official opposition to the ruling African National Congress. ... Tony Leon Anthony James Leon (born 15 December 1956) is a South African politician and the leader of the Democratic Alliance, South Africas main opposition party. ... Image File history File links Inkatha. ... The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa. ... Chief Mangosuthu (Gatsha) Buthelezi (born August 27, 1928) is a South African Zulu leader, and leader of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) which he formed in 1975. ... Image File history File links Uniteddm. ... The United Democratic Movement is a South African political party, formed by a prominent former National Party leader, Roelf Meyer (who has since resigned from the UDM), and a former African National Congress and homeland leader, Bantu Holomisa in 1997. ... Bantu Holomisa is a South African Member of Parliament representing the United Democratic Movement. ... Image File history File links Indedem. ... The Independent Democrats are a South African political party, formed by former Pan Africanist Congress member Patricia de Lille in 2003. ... Patricia de Lille is the leader of the Independent Democrats, a South African political party which she formed in 2003 when she broke away from the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC). ... Image File history File links Nnparty. ... The New National Party (NNP) was a South African conservative political party formed when the National Party pulled out of the Government of National Unity with the African National Congress and decided to change its name in the process. ... Marthinus van Schalkwyk is a South African politician, formerly both Premier of the Western Cape Province and Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Africhristdp. ... Developed by Abrie JF Kilian 14:23, 11 Nov 2004 (UTC) The ACDP in brief The African Christian Democratic Party is a political party in South Africa and form part of the International Political Christian Democratic Family. ... Dr. Kenneth Meshoe Kenneth Rasalabe Joseph Meshoe is a South African Christian Democratic politician. ... Image File history File links Ffplus. ... The Freedom Front (Vryheidsfront) is a South African political party that aims to protect Afrikaner interests. ... Image File history File links Ucdplogo. ... The United Christian Democratic Party is a political party in South Africa. ... Kgosi Lucas Manyane Mangope is the former leader of the Bantustan of Bophuthatswana. ... Image File history File links Pacsmall. ... PAC symbol The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) (later the Pan Africanist Congress of Azania), was a South African liberation movement, that is now a minor political party. ... Image File history File links Minorityfront. ... The Minority Front is a political party in South Africa. ... Former Chief Minister of the House of Delegates Tricameral parliamentary chamber for Indian people, and leader of the Minority Front. ... taken from http://www. ... The Azanian Peoples Organisation, or AZAPO is a South African political organisation. ... Mosibudi Mangena (1947 - ) is the Minister of Science and Technology in South Africa and President of the Azanian Peoples Organisation (AZAPO). ... Image File history File linksMetadata CDPsouthafrica. ... Image File history File links NAsouthafrica. ... Image File history File links PJCsouthafrica. ... Image File history File links SOPAsouthafrica. ... The Socialist Party of Azania (SOPA) is a political party in South Africa. ... Image File history File links Nlpsouthafrica. ... Categories: South African politics | Politics stubs | Labour parties | South African political parties ... Image File history File links UFsouthafrica. ... Image File history File links EMSAsouthafrica. ... Image File history File links TOPsouthafrica. ... Image File history File links KISSsouthafrica. ...

Judicial branch

The third arm of the central government is an independent judiciary. The Constitutional Court is the highest court for interpreting and deciding constitutional issues while the Supreme Court of Appeal is the highest court for nonconstitutional matters. Most cases are heard in the extensive system of High Courts and Magistrates Courts. The constitution's bill of rights provides for due process including the right to a fair, public trial within a reasonable time of being charged and the right to appeal to a higher court. The bill of rights also guarantees fundamental political and social rights of South Africa's citizens. The legal system based on Roman-Dutch law and English common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations.


Challenges ahead

The post-apartheid Government of South Africa have made remarkable progress in consolidating the nation's peaceful transition to democracy. Programs to improve the delivery of essential social services to the majority of the population are underway. Access to better opportunities in education and business is becoming more widespread. Nevertheless, transforming South Africa's society to remove the legacy of apartheid will be a long-term process requiring the sustained commitment of the leaders and people of the nation's disparate groups. Petty apartheid: sign on Durban beach in English, Afrikaans and Zulu Apartheid, which means separateness or apart-ness in Afrikaans, was a system of racial segregation that operated in South Africa from 1948 to the early 1990s. ...


The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), chaired by 1984 Nobel peace Prizewinner Archbishop Desmond Tutu, helped to advance the reconciliation process. Constituted in 1996 and having completed its work by 2001, the TRC was empowered to investigate apartheid-era human rights abuses committed between 1960 and 10 May 1994, to grant amnesty to those who committed politically motivated crimes and to recommend compensation to victims of abuses. The TRC's mandate was part of the larger process of reconciling the often conflicting political, economic, and cultural interests held by the many peoples that make up South Africa's diverse population. The ability of the government and people to agree on many basic questions of how to order the country's new society will remain a critical challenge. One important issue continues to be the relationship of provincial and local administrative structures to the national government. Prior to 27 April 1994, South Africa was divided into four provinces and 10 black "homelands," four of which were considered independent by the South African Government. Both the interim constitution and the new 1997 constitution abolished this system and substituted nine provinces. Each province has an elected legislature and chief executive — the provincial premier. Although in form a federal system, in practice the nature of the relationship between the central and provincial governments continues to be the subject of considerable debate, particularly among groups desiring a greater measure of autonomy from the central government. A key step in defining the relationship came in 1997 when provincial governments were given more than half of central government funding and permitted to develop and manage their own budgets. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the end of Apartheid. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... The concept of peace ranks among the most controversial in our time. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... The Most Reverend Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born October 7, 1931) is a South African cleric and activist who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Bantustan refers to any of the territories designated as tribal homelands for black South Africans during the Apartheid era. ... A map of the nine provinces of South Africa South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces. ...


Although South Africa's economy is in many areas highly developed, the exclusionary nature of apartheid and distortions caused in part by the country's international isolation until the 1990s have left major weaknesses. The economy is now in a process of transition as the government seeks to address the inequities of apartheid, stimulate growth, and create jobs. Business, meanwhile, is becoming more integrated into the international system, and foreign investment has increased dramatically over the past several years. Still, the economic disparities between population groups are expected to persist for many years, remaining an area of priority attention for the government.


Human rights

The new constitution's bill of rights provides extensive guarantees, including equality before the law and prohibitions against discrimination; the right to life, privacy, property, and freedom and security of the person; prohibition against slavery and forced labor; and freedom of speech, religion, assembly, and association. The legal rights of criminal suspects also are enumerated. The constitution provides for an independent and impartial judiciary, and, in practice, these provisions are respected.


Citizens' entitlements to a safe environment, housing, education, and health care are included in the bill of rights, and are known as secondary constitutional rights. In 2003 the constitutional secondary rights were used by the HIV/AIDS activist group the Treatment Action Campaign as a means of forcing the government to change its health policy. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Human immunodeficiency virus, commonly known by the initialism HIV, formerly known as HTLV-III and lymphadenopathy-associated virus, is a retrovirus that primarily infects vital components of the human immune system such as CD4+ T cells, macrophages and dendritic cells. ... Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (or acronym AIDS or Aids), is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... The Treatment Action Campaign is a South African grassroots pressure group which was founded by Zackie Achmat, an HIV-positive activist who refused anti-retroviral treatment (ARVs) until they were universally available. ...


Since the abolition of apartheid, levels of political violence in South Africa have dropped dramatically. Violent crime and organized criminal activity are at high levels and are a grave concern. Partly as a result, vigilante action and mob justice sometimes occur.


Some members of the police commit abuses, and deaths in police custody as a result of excessive force remain a problem. The government has taken action to investigate and punish some of those who commit such abuses. In April 1997, the government established an Independent Complaints Directorate to investigate deaths in police custody and deaths resulting from police action.


Although South Africa's society is undergoing a rapid transformation, some discrimination against women continues, and discrimination against those living with HIV/AIDS is becoming serious. Violence against women and children also is a serious problem.


External links

  • Student Movements in South Africa
  • Dynamics in the slow reform legislations


Politics of Africa

Politics of: Algeria | Angola | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | The Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Rwanda | São Tomé and Príncipe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia /Somaliland | South Africa | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Western Sahara (SADR) | Zambia | Zimbabwe Côte dIvoire is a republic, with a multiparty presidential regime established in 1960. ... The Politics of Somaliland take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, with the President as head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Western Sahara former: Spanish Sahara Data code: WI Government type: legal status of territory and question of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which...

Dependencies: British Indian Ocean Territory | Canary Islands | Ceuta and Melilla | Madeira Islands | Mayotte | Réunion | Saint Helena
Topics in South Africa
History Cape Colony | Apartheid | Foreign relations
Geography Cities | National parks | Postal codes | Telephone codes
Politics Constitution | Political parties (African Christian Democrats, African National Congress, Azanian People's Organisation, Democratic Alliance, Inkatha Freedom, Independent Democrats, Minority Front, New National, Pan Africanist Congress, Communists, Freedom Front +, United Christian Democrats, United Democratic Movement) | Elections | Provinces | Military | Police
Culture South African English | Art | Cinema | Cuisine | Islam | Literature | Music | Poets | Public holidays | Television (SABC, M-Net) | Television series
Other List of South Africans | Communications in South Africa | Transportation in South Africa | List of South African companies

  Results from FactBites:
 
My Vision for South Africa (1994 words)
And the government of South Africa fuelled the flames of conflict and escalated violence by crushing opposition with ever-increasing brutality to match rising militancy.
South Africa is a scrambled egg which cannot be unscrambled and Whites saw this and knew that they had to react rationally.
Politics in South Africa is going to be all about the extent to which political parties can gather the institutional support that they will need and gather the support of ordinary South Africans that they will need to win elections.
Politics of South Africa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1226 words)
The present Constitution of South Africa was certified by the Constitutional Court on 4 December 1996, was signed by then President Mandela on 10 December 1996, and entered into effect on 3 February 1997; it is being implemented in phases.
The bicameral Parliament of South Africa consists of the National Assembly (400 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional representation to serve five-year terms) and the National Council of Provinces (90 seats, 10 members elected by each of the nine provincial legislatures for five-year terms).
Although South Africa's economy is in many areas highly developed, the exclusionary nature of apartheid and distortions caused in part by the country's international isolation until the 1990s have left major weaknesses.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m