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Encyclopedia > Politics of Kenya
Politics of Kenya

Politics of Kenya
Political parties in Kenya
Elections in Kenya File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Liberal democracy History of democracy Referenda Representative democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Elections Elections by country Elections by calender Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by ideology... Political parties in Kenya lists political parties in Kenya. ... Politics of Kenya Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Kenya ...

The unicameral National Assembly consists of 210 members elected to a term of up to five years from single-member constituencies, plus 12 members nominated by political parties on a proportional representation basis. The president appoints the vice president and cabinet members from among those elected to the National Assembly. The attorney general and the speaker are exofficio members of the Assembly. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The National Assembly is the name of either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries. ...

The judiciary is headed by a High Court, consisting of a chief justice and High Court judges and judges of Kenya's Court of Appeal (no associate judges), all appointed by the president.

Local administration is divided among 69 rural districts, each headed by a presidentially appointed commissioner. The districts are joined to form seven rural provines. The Nairobi area has special status and is not included in any district or province. The government supervises administration of districts and provinces.


Political conditions

A Kenyan security officer
A Kenyan security officer

Since independence, Kenya has maintained remarkable stability despite changes in its political system and crises in neighboring countries. Particularly since the re-emergence of multiparty democracy, Kenyans have enjoyed an increased degree of freedom. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 39 KB) Security officer in Kenya. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 39 KB) Security officer in Kenya. ...

A cross-party parliamentary reform initiative in the fall of 1997 revised some oppressive laws inherited from the colonial era that had been used to limit freedom of speech and assembly. This improved public freedoms and contributed to generally credible national elections in December 1997. 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

In December 2002, Kenya held democratic and open elections and elected Mwai Kibaki as their new president. The elections, which were judged free and fair by local and international observers, marked an important turning point in Kenya's democratic evolution. President Kibaki campaigned on a policy of generating economic growth, improving education, combating corruption, and implementing a new constitution, the draft of which was produced by Professor Ghai under the Moi regime. Considerable success has been achieved in the first two policy areas, the constitutional process has become mired (see below) and the fight against corruption has been a disaster. There has been a major scandal (Anglo-Leasing), which the government has failed to investigate, John Githongo the Anti-Corruption head has resigned in protest and donor nations, in particularly the British, have made public criticisms of the lack of progress. 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Democracy is a form of government under which the power to alter the laws and structures of government lies, ultimately, with the citizenry. ... See Election (movie) for the film directed by Alexander Payne. ...

Following disagreements between the partners in the current government coalition, constitutional reform has proceeded slower than anticipated. The NAK faction (allied to president Kibaki) favours a centralized presidential system, while the LDP faction - which has fewer parliamentary seats in the coalition than NAK - demands a federal, parliamentary system.

Prior to the 2002 election, a Memorandum of Understanding was agreed between NAK and LDP. This agreed that a new constitution would be established shortly after the election, which provided for the new role of a strong Prime Minister while weakening the role of President. Raila Odinga, the leader of LDP, maintains aspirations to become Prime Minister. However, the proposed new constitution has been modified by the government from what was written by Professor Ghai and amended by the Bomas committee. This maintains a strong President, who controls a weaker Prime Minister. This has lead to a split between NAK and LDP, with the former campaigning for a 'Yes' vote in the referendum on the constitution and the latter a'No'. Also supporting a 'No' vote is the majority of Uhuru Kenyatta's KANU party. It is possible that the political alignment over theo referendum could signal a wider re-alignment before the 2007 elections.

Internal wrangling within the governing coalition has also negatively affected other crucial areas of governance, notably the planned large-scale privatization of government-owned enterprises.

Political facts

Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
conventional short form: Kenya
former: British East Africa British East Africa was a British protectorate in East Africa, covering generally the area of present-day Kenya and lasting from 1890 to 1920, when it became the colony of Kenya. ...

Data code: KE

Government type: republic

Capital: Nairobi Nairobi skyline Nairobi is the capital of Kenya. ...

Administrative divisions: 7 provinces and 1 area*: Central, Coast, Eastern, Nairobi Area*, North Eastern, Nyanza, Rift Valley, Western Kenya (pronounced either as KEN-ya or as KEEN-ya, the former being more common and thought to be correct) is a country of eastern Africa, bordering Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Indian Ocean. ... The Indian Ocean coastal strip with the capital city at Mombasa and inhabited by the Mijikenda and Swahili among others. ... The Eastern Province of Kenya is one of seven regions of the country. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Capitals in Africa | Kenya ... Nyanza may refer to: Nyanza, Rwanda Nyanza Province, Kenya Formerly, some lakes in Africa included the Bantu word for lake, e. ... Rift Valley is the largest and one of the most economically vibrant provinces in Kenya. ... Western Province is an area of Kenya, bordering Uganda west of the Eastern Rift Valley inhabited mainly by the Luhya people. ...

Independence: December 12, 1963 (from UK) December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 December (1963) December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Constitution: 12 December 1963, amended as a republic 1964; reissued with amendments 1979, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1997 and 2001 December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

Legal system: based on English common law, tribal law, and Islamic law; judicial review in High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Kenya a de jure one-party state repealed in 1991 This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ...

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Mwai Kibaki (since 30 December 2002) and Vice President Moody Awori (since 25 September 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Mwai Kibaki (since 30 December 2002) and Vice President Moody Awori (since 25 September 2003); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; in addition to receiving the largest number of votes in absolute terms, the presidential candidate must also win 25% or more of the vote in at least five of Kenya's seven provinces and one area to avoid a runoff; election last held 27 December 2002 (next to be held NA December 2007); vice president appointed by the president
election results: President Mwai Kibaki elected; percent of vote - Mwai Kibaki 63%, Uhuru Kenyatta 30% President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Mwai Kibaki during an official state visit to the United States Mwai Kibaki (born November 15, 1931) is Kenyas third president, an economist, and a political leader. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Moody Awori The Vice President of Kenya since 25 September 2003. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta (born October 1961) is the leader of the Kenya African National Union (KANU), the former ruling party of Kenya. ...

Judicial branch:
Court of Appeal, chief justice is appointed by the president; High Court

Political parties and leaders:
Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People or FORD-People (Kimaniwa Nyoike, chairman); Kenya African National Union or KANU (Uhuru Kenyatta); National Rainbow Coalition or NARC (Mwai Kibaki) - the governing party The Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-People is a political party in Kenya. ... The Kenya African National Union, better known as KANU, ruled Kenya for nearly 40 years after its independence from British colonial rule in 1963, until its electoral loss at the end of 2002. ... Politics of Kenya Categories: Politics stubs | Kenyan political parties ...

Political pressure groups and leaders:
human rights groups; labor unions; Muslim organizations; National Convention Executive Council or NCEC, a proreform coalition of political parties and nongovernment organizations (Kivutha Kibwana); Protestant National Council of Churches of Kenya or NCCK (Mutava Musyimi); Roman Catholic and other Christian churches; Supreme Council of Kenyan Muslims or SUPKEM (Shaykh Abdul Gafur al-Busaidy, chairman) Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ... A chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ...

International organization participation:
ACP, AfDB, C, EADB, ECA, FAO, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMISET, UNMOP, UNU, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO The ACP States are the countries that are signatories of the Lomé Convention. ... The African Development Bank (AfDB) is a development bank established in 1964 with the intention of promoting economic and social development in Africa. ... // Definition and linguistics The original phrase common wealth or the common weal is a calque translation of the Latin term res publica (public matters), from which the word republic comes, which was itself used as a synonym for the greek politeia as well as for the republican (i. ... The East African Development Bank (EADB) provides development finance in the East African countries of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. ... The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA or ECA) was established in 1958 to encourage economic cooperation among its member states. ... Headquartered in Rome, Italy, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations programs seek to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living; to improve the production, processing, marketing, and distribution of food and agricultural products; to promote rural development; and, by these means, to eliminate hunger. ... The G15 consist of 17 developing countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America, was set up to foster cooperation and provide input for other international groups, such as the World Trade Organization and the Group of Seven rich industrialized nations. ... The Group of 77 at the United Nations is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations. ... IAEA The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957, seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its use for military purposes. ... The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means of financing states. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, develops the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established in 2002 as a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, as defined by several international agreements, most prominently the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. ... Claiming 157 million members in 225 affiliated organisations in 148 countries and territories, the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) came into being on December 7, 1949 following a split within the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU). ... The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement consists of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (Federation), and the 181 national Red Cross or Red Crescent societies currently recognized by the ICRC and admitted as full members of... The International Development Association (IDA) was created on September 24, 1960, is a UN specialized agency. ... The International Fund for Agricultural Development is an agency of the United Nations. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS) is an international humanitarian organisation, often better known as the Red Cross or the Red Crescent. ... The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is a seven-country regional development organization in Eastern Africa. ... Ilo may refer to: Ilo, a port in southern Peru Ilo, an artist on the Icelandic Bad Taste record label Ilo, the Estonian goddess of feasts This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing global financial system‘s current trade account balances of member states. ... Headquarters of the International Maritime Organisation in Lambeth, adjacent to the east end of Lambeth Bridge Headquarters building taken from the west side of the Thames Headquartered in London, U.K., the International Maritime Organization (IMO) promotes cooperation among governments and the shipping industry to improve maritime safety and to... Interpol logo Interpol, more correctly the International Criminal Police Organization – Interpol (ICPO-Interpol), was created in 1923 to assist international criminal police co-operation. ... Alternative meanings at IOC (disambiguation) The International Olympic Committee is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece, and organize this sports event every four years. ... The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organisation. ... ISO has many meanings: Iso is the stem of the Latin transliteration of the Greek word ίσος (ísos, meaning equal). The iso- prefix in English derives from this and means equality or similarity. ... The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. ... MINURSO is a UN peacekeeping mission, established in 1991 to monitor the ceasefire and to organize and conduct a referendum which would enable the people of Western Sahara to choose between integration with Morocco and independence. ... MONUC is a French acronym for Mission de l Organisation des Nations unies en République démocratique du Congo, in English: Mission of the United Nations (UN) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). ... NAM stands for: National Association of Manufacturers Non-Aligned Movement Network Analysis Module National Assembly Member, a member of the National Assembly of The Gambia. ... Flag of the Organisation of African Unity, later also used by the African Union. ... The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is an agency of the United Nations. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) is a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Sierra Leone. ... The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is an agency of the United Nations with the mission of helping countries pursue sustainable industrial development, it is a specialist in industrial affairs. ... UNIKOM, the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission, was established on April 9, 1991 following the Gulf War by Security Council resolution 689 (1991) and fully deployed by early May. ... The UNMEE (United Nations Mission To Ethiopia and Eritrea) was originally formed to monitor a ceasefire in the border war that began in 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. ... The United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) is an international organization formed under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1035, as extended by Security Council Resolution 1357. ... The United Nations Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. ... UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) (January 15, 1996 - December 15, 2002) was a United Nations peacekeeping mission that monitored the demilitarization of the disputed Prevlaka peninsula by carrying out daily foot and vehicle patrols on both sides of the border between Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... United Nations University (UNU) is a university established on December 6, 1973 by adoption of resolution 3081 by the United Nations General Assembly, upon the suggestion of U Thant, UN Secretary-General at the time. ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU) is a international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization that helps member states communicate and cooperate on customs issues. ... The WHO flag: similar to the flag of the United Nations, augmented with the symbolic staff and serpent of Asklepios, Greek god of medicine and healing. ... The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, and has as its core objectives the promotion of creative intellectual activity and the facilitation of the transfer of technology related to intellectual property to the developing countries in order to accelerate economic, social... The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 187 Member States and Territories. ... The World Tourism Organization (WTO) is a UN agency dealing with questions relating to tourism. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ...

Flag description:
three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center. Colour significance - Black->Our colour, Red->The Blood Shed to gain independence, Green->The richness of our soil, plant life, White-> purity Horizontal is an orientation relating to, or in parallel with the horizon, and thus perpendicular to the vertical. ... A warrior is a person habitually engaged in combat. ... Indo-Persian Dhal Shield A shield is a protective device, meant to intercept attacks. ...

See also

List of the Heads of State of Kenya See also Kenya Heads of Government of Kenya Colonial Heads of Kenya lists of incumbents Categories: Kenya | Lists of office-holders ...

External Links

  • Photojournalist's Account - Images of Kenya's last presidential election

  Results from FactBites:
Kenya - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1884 words)
Kenya is a republic; the President of Kenya is both the chief of state and the head of government.
Kenya has had a multi-party system since 1991 via constitutional amendment, with politicians frequently "crossing the floor" or setting up new political parties and coalitions to achieve their political aims.
Kenya is in the process of rewriting its post-colonial constitution and its subsequent amendments that gave the president nearly unlimited powers and immunity from the law accounting for many of Kenya's current problems with corruption.
Politics of Kenya - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (7187 words)
Kenya was a one-party state from independence in 1969 to December 1991, when the Constitution was amended to legalise a multi-party political system.
Political parties, organisations and associations are required to register under the Societies Act or be exempted from registering by the Registrar of Societies.
The Constitution of Kenya states that every person born in Kenya after 11 December 1963 shall become a citizen of Kenya if at the date of his birth one of his parents is a citizen of Kenya.
  More results at FactBites »



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