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Encyclopedia > Politics of California

The recent and current politics of the U.S. state of California are complex and involve a number of entrenched interests. (For historical politics, see Politics of California to 1899). Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... California State Capitol in Sacramento, California // Following the declaration of the independent California Republic in 1846, and the armed conquest of California by United States military forces and American volunteers during the Mexican-American War, California was administered by the U.S. military from 1846 to 1850. ...

Contents

Political issues

There have been several events, many dubbed "constitutional crises" by their opponents, over the last twenty years including:

  • the passage of term limits for the California legislature and elected constitutional officers, which was hotly argued state-wide, and debated in the Supreme Court of California;
  • a test of the ratification process for the Supreme Court, in which a liberal chief justice, Rose Bird, and two liberal associate Justices, Joseph Grodin and Cruz Reynoso, were ousted;
  • a full-fledged tax revolt, "Proposition 13," which resulted in the freezing of real estate tax rates at 1% of the property's last sale price (plus a modest 2% maximum annual inflator); and
  • a test of the state recall provision, in which Governor Gray Davis was recalled in a 2003 special election.

Northern California's inland areas, the Central Valley (outside of Sacramento) and Southern California (outside of Los Angeles) tend to be conservative, mostly Republican areas. Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area tend to be liberal, mostly Democratic areas. As most of the population is in Los Angeles and the northern coast, California as a whole tends to be liberal. A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office. ... Rose Elizabeth Bird (November 2, 1936–December 4, 1999) served for 10 years as the 25th Chief Justice (and first female Chief Justice)of the California Supreme Court until removed from that office by the voters. ... Proposition 13, officially titled the Peoples Initiative to Limit Property Taxation, was a ballot initiative to amend the constitution of the state of California. ... Joseph Graham Davis Jr. ... The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... Northern California, sometimes referred to as NorCal, is the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. ... This article is about Californias Central Valley. ... Sacramento redirects here. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Political Liberalism is an update to John Rawls 1971 Theory of Justice in which Rawls attempts to show that his theory of justice is not a comprehensive conception of the good, but is instead compatible with a liberal conception of the role of justice: namely, that government should be neutral... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ...


California was a Republican Party (GOP) stronghold in Presidential elections the 1950s to 1992: the Republicans won California in every election except the election of 1964. (Jimmy Carter came close to winning the state in 1976.) In these years, the GOP regularly nominated Californians as presidential candidates: Richard Nixon in 1960, 1968, and 1972, and Ronald Reagan in 1980 and 1984. The immigration of Chicanos, who tend to vote Democratic, and the flight of middle-class and upper class suburban Republicans away to Rocky Mountain states like Utah, Colorado, Idaho, and Montana in the 1980s and 1990s shifted the balance in favor of the Democratic Party. The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Reagan redirects here. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked...


Among the state's divisive issues are water and water rights, resulting in the California Water Wars. Lacking reliable dry season rainfall, water is limited and available surface sources are extensively developed through dams, canals, and pipelines. The principle water sources are mountain runoff from wet season rains and higher altitude snowpack (70%), wells (limited by salt-water incursion and overuse), and some Colorado River water supplying southern California (strictly limited by treaties with the other western states and Mexico). Waste water reclamation in California is already routine (for irrigation and industrial use). Most water is in the north of the State, while most people are in the south. The California Water Wars was a struggle between Los Angeles, California and people living elsewhere (including the Owens Valley) over water rights. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ...


Land use is also divisive. High land prices mean that ordinary people keep a large proportion of their net worth in land. This leads them to agitate strongly about issues that can affect the prices of their home or investments. The most vicious local political battles concern local school boards (good local schools substantially raise local housing prices) and local land-use policies. In built-up areas it is extremely difficult to site new airports, dumps, or jails. Many cities routinely employ eminent domain to make land available for development. A multi-city political battle was fought for several years in Orange County concerning the decommissioning of the huge El Toro Marine airbase. Orange County needs a new airport (pilot unions voted the existing airport, John Wayne, the least safe in the U.S.), but the noise could reduce land prices throughout the southern part of the county, including wealthy, politically-powerful Irvine. Eminent domain (United States), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Republic of Ireland), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia) or expropriation (Canada, South Africa) in common law legal systems is the inherent power of the state to seize a citizens private property, expropriate property, or rights in property, without the owner... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... Motto: Innovation. ...


Gun control is another divisive issue. In the cities, California has one of the U.S.'s most serious gang problems, and in some farming regions, some of the highest murder rates. The state also contains many individuals who desire to keep and bear arms in defense of themselves, their families and property. The legislature has passed restrictive gun-control laws. Private purchase of "assault" weapons (generally, semi-automatic rifles that look like military rifles) is a felony. The law does not prohibit sales of semi-automatic hunting-style civilian weapons, which might be intended to be a distinction without a real difference. Pistols may be purchased and kept in one's home or place of business, but it is illegal to carry weapons or ammunition outside these areas without a concealed weapons permit, except in a locked area (car trunk) to licensed practice ranges or other legitimate uses (hunting, repair, collection, etc.) Except in a handful of rural counties, most people find it impossible to get concealed weapons permits since they are issued at the arbitrary discretion of the local law enforcement officials. California is not a "shall issue" state for concealed weapons permits. (ref. section 12000 of the California Penal Code) It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Gun politics. ... For other uses, see Gang (disambiguation). ... An Assault weapon is one of a wide group of weapons which some consider inappropriate for civilian ownership. ... A semi-automatic rifle is a type of rifle that fires a single bullet each time the trigger is pulled, without the need to manually operate a bolt, lever or other firing or loading mechanism. ... A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ...


A reference is California, Its Government and Politics by Michael J. Ross.


Bi-partisan gerrymandering

A gerrymandered Congressional District, the 11th CD of CA, drawn to favor Republican Richard Pombo. While the Danville area is a traditional Republican stronghold, Morgan Hill is not, and that largely Democratic district was added to obtain the proper population numbers for the 11th after Livermore was assigned to the 10th at the behest of the incumbent Democrat, since it contains the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (located near the "580" shield) and she sits in the House Energy Committee. The 10th CD is immediately north of the 11 in Contra Costa and Solano Counties See text below and the California 11th congressional district election, 2006 for an unexpected result that overcame this gerrymander.
A gerrymandered Congressional District, the 11th CD of CA, drawn to favor Republican Richard Pombo. While the Danville area is a traditional Republican stronghold, Morgan Hill is not, and that largely Democratic district was added to obtain the proper population numbers for the 11th after Livermore was assigned to the 10th at the behest of the incumbent Democrat, since it contains the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (located near the "580" shield) and she sits in the House Energy Committee. The 10th CD is immediately north of the 11 in Contra Costa and Solano Counties See text below and the California 11th congressional district election, 2006 for an unexpected result that overcame this gerrymander.
Carved out with the aid of a computer, this congressional district was the product of California's incumbent gerrymandering. This is the district of Democrat Grace Flores Napolitano, who ran unopposed in 2004.
Carved out with the aid of a computer, this congressional district was the product of California's incumbent gerrymandering. This is the district of Democrat Grace Flores Napolitano, who ran unopposed in 2004.
Elections in California

Gubernatorial Elections:
1861 · 1958 · 1962 · 1966 · 1970 · 1974
1978 · 1982 · 1986 · 1990 · 1994 · 1998
2002 · 2003 (recall) · 2006 · 2010 Clip of Image:Ca11 108. ... Richard William Pombo (born January 8, 1961) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Californias 11th congressional district from 1993 to 2007. ... Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area, facing NW. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in Livermore, California is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory, managed and operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS), a limited liability consortium comprised of Bechtel National, the University of... GOP incumban, Richard Pombo Dem primary winner and nominee, Jerry NcNerney The California 11th congressional district election, 2006 is an election for the United States House of Representatives. ... Clip of Image:Ca38 108. ... Clip of Image:Ca38 108. ... The number of elections in California varies by year. ... California gubernatorial election, 1861 September 4, 1861 References History Categories: | ... California gubernatorial election, 1958 November 4, 1958 References California Elections Page Categories: | | ... California gubernatorial election, 1962 November 6, 1962 In his concession speech, Richard Nixon accused the media of favoring his opponent Pat Brown and stated that it was his last press conference and that You dont have Dick Nixon to kick around any more. References California Elections Page Categories: | | | ... California gubernatorial election, 1966 November 8, 1966 Reagan won about 52 percent of the Bay Area vote, winning Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano and Sonoma counties. ... California gubernatorial election, 1970 November 3, 1970 References California Elections Page Reagan Heritage Race information Categories: | | | | ... California gubernatorial election, 1974 November 5, 1974 References California Elections Page Categories: | | ... California gubernatorial election, 1978 November 7, 1978 References California Elections Page Categories: | | | ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... California gubernatorial election, 1986 November 4, 1986 54% to 60% voter turnout. ... California gubernatorial election, 1990 November 6, 1990 External links Election Results Categories: | | | ... California gubernatorial election, 1994 November 8, 1994 External links Statement of vote 94 Categories: | | | ... California gubernatorial election, 1998 November 3, 1998 Primaries Candidates: External links results Official results by county Candidate Statements Candidate Statements - primaries Categories: | | | ... California gubernatorial election, 2002 November 5, 2002 Gray Davis was re-elected to a second 4 year term as California governor. ... Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... The 2006 California gubernatorial election occurred on November 7, 2006. ... The California gubernatorial election, 2010 will be held on November 2, 2010, and will include the races for the Governor of California, Lieutenant Governor of California, Secretary of State of California, Attorney General of California, California State Controller, California State Treasurer and California State Superintendent of Public Instruction. ...


Presidential Elections:
2000 · 2004 · 2008 The 2004 United States presidential election in California refers to how California participated in the 2004 United States presidential election. ...


United States Senate Elections:
2004 · 2006 · 2010 Barbara Boxer is easily elected to a third term as United States Senator. ... The 2006 U.S. Senate election for the state of California was held November 7, 2006. ... The 2010 California United States Senate election will take place in the U.S. state of California on 2 November 2010 alongside 33 other elections to the United States Senate in other states as well as elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. ...


Congressional Elections:
1996 · 1998 · 2000
2002 · 2004 · 2006 · 2008
special The California United States House elections, 1996 was an election for Californias delegation to the United States House of Representatives, which occurred as part of the general election of the House of Representatives on November 5, 1996. ... The California United States House elections, 1998 was an election for Californias delegation to the United States House of Representatives, which occurred as part of the general election of the House of Representatives on November 3, 1998. ... The California United States House elections, 2000 was an election for Californias delegation to the United States House of Representatives, which occurred as part of the general election of the House of Representatives on November 7, 2000. ... The California United States House elections, 2002 was an election for Californias delegation to the United States House of Representatives, which occurred as part of the general election of the House of Representatives on November 5, 2002. ... The California United States House elections, 2004 was an election for Californias delegation to the United States House of Representatives, which occurred as part of the general election of the House of Representatives on November 2, 2004. ... The 2006 U.S. House elections for the state of California were held November 7, 2006. ... The 2008 congressional elections in California will be held on November 4, 2008 to determine who will represent the state of California in the United States House of Representatives. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...


Legislative Elections:
Senate 2006 Assembly 2006 The California Legislature consists of the California Senate and the California Assembly. ... The 2006 California State Senate election was held on November 7, 2006. ... The 2006 California State Assembly election was held November 7, 2006. ...


Judicial Elections:
Appeals Courts 2006 The 2006 California Courts of Appeal election was held November 7, 2006. ...


Special Elections:
The 5 special elections of 1998/1999
2003 gubernatorial recall
2005 statewide special election
A by-election or bye-election is a special election held to fill a political office when the incumbent has died or resigned. ... Special Election Musical Chairs is a term used by editorialists to describe a series of special elections triggered by the mid-term resignation or death of an officeholder, with elections being won by other officeholders, triggering further special elections until either the next election required to replace a vacant office... Arnold Schwarzenegger, winner of the 2003 California recall The 2003 California recall was a special election permitted under California law. ... The California special election of 2005 was held on November 8, 2005 after being called by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger on June 13, 2005. ...

After the 2000 year census, the legislature was obliged to set new district boundaries, both for the state Assembly and Senate and for Federal Congressional Districts (CDs). The Republican and Democratic parties came to an agreement to gerrymander the boundaries and greatly reduce the power of voters of the state. It was mutually decided that the status quo in terms of balance of power would be preserved. With this goal, districts were assigned to voters in such a way that they were dominated by one or the other party, with few districts that could be considered competitive. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Redrawing electoral districts in this example creates a guaranteed 3-to-1 advantage for Party 1. ...


In only a few cases did this require extremely convoluted boundaries, but resulted in preservation of existing strongholds: in the results of the 2004 election, a win by less than 55 percent of the vote was quite rare -- only five of eighty Assembly districts, and two of 39 Senate district seats.


Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger proposed placing the redistricting process in the hands of retired judges, which was on the November ballot as an initiative in a special election (called by the Governor on June 14, 2005), Proposition 77. The special election was held on November 8, 2005. However, the initiative was overwhelmingly defeated, with 59.5% No votes. All initiatives, including those proposed by the Governor's allies and several independent initiatives, failed. Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-born American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Proposition 77 was a ballot proposition in the referendum election. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The United States House of Representatives districts are less competitive than the state districts with only three out of 53 congressional districts being won with less than 60 percent majority. Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...


Considering the 10th CD in the San Francisco Bay Area, in earlier elections the almost evenly divided district was a focus of national attention, owing to its balanced electorate with a slight Republican edge in registration and a Republican advantage in electoral participation. The district had been held since its creation in 1990 by a Republican, Congressman Bill Baker, a former State Assembly member, for whom the district was designed. After several weak challenges to the seat by Democrats, the election was hotly contested in 1996 by a newcomer to politics, Ellen Tauscher, a candidate with sufficient funds of her own to be competitive against the incumbent. Receiving a great amount of grass roots support from local Democratic clubs and votes from moderate Republican women, her defeat of Congressman Baker was considered a great victory for what many consider a 'middle of the road' Democrat. Her district is now 'safe' (she won reelection with 65.8 percent of the vote in 2004) and the recent congressional election drew no national attention to California. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Bill Baker William Pond (Bill) Baker is a former United States Congressman from California. ... Ellen OKane Tauscher (born November 15, 1951), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1997, representing Californias 10th congressional district (map). ... Grassroots democracy is the political processes which are driven by groups of ordinary citizens, as opposed to larger organisations or wealthy individuals with concentrated vested interests in particular policies. ...


As desired by the two major parties, in the 2004 elections there was no change of political party in any of the district-elected offices at either the State or Federal level - no member of the State Assembly, State Senator, or U. S. Representative was not of the same party as their predecessor.


Despite the supposed uncertainty for Republican prospects of dominance in the U.S. Congress in the November 2006 elections, no California seats in the House of Representatives were considered to be "in play" by national analysts within several months of the election, although a few Republican-held seats offered at least improved prospects for Democrats during this cycle. Republican Representatives Richard Pombo (11th CA) and John Doolittle (4th CA) each hosted President Bush in October 2006 for fundraisers, a rare event in California (and also rare for Bush in this election cycle) that may have been indicative of perceived insecurities in these seats (these Representatives have strongly supported the present Administration). Richard William Pombo (born January 8, 1961) is a former Republican member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Californias 11th congressional district from 1993 to 2007. ... This page is about the politician; for the fictional animal doctor, see Doctor Dolittle. ...

In an unexpected turn of the 2006 elections in California, Democrat Jerry McNerney, although never having held an elective office, defeated incumbent Republican Richard Pombo, 53% to 47%. In 2004 the same paring resulted in 62.5% for Pombo. There has been some demographic change in the district in the Pleasanton area, but not sufficient in itself to account for the difference, and the victory is considered by many (given the gerrymander of the district) to be an overwhelming repudiation both of President Bush and of many of the stands taken by Pombo, particularly concerning environmental matters. This district was the sole exception, as none of the remaining 99 federal and state district legislative elections involved a change of party. GOP incumban, Richard Pombo Dem primary winner and nominee, Jerry NcNerney The California 11th congressional district election, 2006 is an election for the United States House of Representatives. ... Jerry McNerney is a nationally recognized expert in wind engineering and renewable energy, with a PhD in mathematics. ... Demographics refers to selected population characteristics as used in government, marketing or opinion research, or the demographic profiles used in such research. ... Location of Pleasanton within Alameda County, California. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...

Official California preliminary 2006 election returns are available at http://vote.ss.ca.gov/

A California constitutional amendment [1] to be presented to the electorate and designed to encourage competitive districts (but with significant loopholes included) was passed by the California Senate for transmittal to the Assembly on the last possible day for the 2006 election cycle, with Assembly Democratic legislative functionaries claiming that it was not received in time. (Index to news articles, many at no cost but requiring registration.) Although this could have been corrected with little effort by additional legislation, the issue was killed for the 2006 electoral cycle, with some asserting that the death of the bill was not accidental [2].


Congressional representation

Many leading members of Congress are from California. Among the Democrats are:


1. Rep. Nancy Pelosi from the 8th District (Speaker of the House)
2. Rep. George Miller from the 7th district (Chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor)
3. Rep. Tom Lantos from the 12th district (Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs)
4. Rep. Henry Waxman from the 30th district (Chairman of the Committee on Oversight and Gov't Reform)
5. Rep. Bob Filner from the 51st district (Chairman of the Committee on Veterans Affairs)
6. Senator Barbara Boxer (Chairwoman of the Committee on Environment and Public Works)
7. Senator Dianne Feinstein (Chairwoman of the Committee on Rules and Administration) Nancy Patricia DAlesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is currently the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. ... The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer—or speaker—of the United States House of Representatives. ... George Miller (born May 17, 1945), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1975, representing the 7th District of California. ... The Committee on Education and Labor is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Thomas Peter Tom Lantos, Ph. ... The U.S. House Committee on International Relations (also known as the House International Relations Committee, the House Foreign Relations Committee or the House Foreign Affairs Committee), is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives which is in charge of bills and investigations related to the foreign... Henry Arnold Waxman (born September 12, 1939 in Los Angeles, California) is an American politician. ... The Committee on Oversight and Government Reform is a United States House of Representatives committee that has existed in varying forms since 1816. ... Robert Filner (born September 4, American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, representing the 51st District of California. ... The standing Committee on Veterans Affairs in the United States House of Representatives oversees agencies, reviews current legislation, and recommends new bills or amendments concerning veterans. ... Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is an American politician and the current junior U.S. Senator from the State of California. ... The United States Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works is responsible for dealing with matters related to the environment and infrastructure. ... Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born June 22, 1933) is currently the senior U.S. Senator from California, having held office as a senator since 1992. ... The United States Senate Committee on Rules and Administration is responsible for dealing with the rules of the Senate, with administration of congressional buildings, and with credentials and qualifications of members of the Senate, including responsibility for dealing with contested elections. ...


Among the Republicans are:


1. Rep. Buck McKeon from the 25th district (Ranking Member of the Committee on Education and Labor)
2. Rep. David Drier from the 26th district (Ranking Member of the Committee on Rules)
3. Rep. Jerry Lewis from the 41st district (Ranking Member of the Committee on Appropriations)
4. Rep. Duncan Hunter from the 52nd district (Ranking Member of the Committee on Armed Services) Howard Philip Buck McKeon (born September 9, 1938), an American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1993, representing the 25th District of California (map). ... The Committee on Education and Labor is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... David Dreier David Timothy Dreier (born July 5, 1952), American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since January 1981, representing the 26th District of California (map). ... The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Charles Jeremy Jerry Lewis (born October 21, 1934), an American politician, has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 1979, representing the 41st District of California. ... The Committee on Appropriations, or Appropriations Committee (often referred to as simply Appropriations, as in Hes on Appropriations) is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Duncan Lee Hunter (born May 31, 1948) is an American politician who has been a Republican member of the House of Representatives since 1981 from Californias 52nd congressional district in northern and eastern San Diego. ... The U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, commonly known as the House Armed Services Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives, the lower house of Congress. ...


Political parties

The two major political parties in California that currently have representation in the State Legislature and U.S. Congress are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. There are four other parties that qualify for official ballot status: American Independent Party, Green Party, Libertarian Party, and Peace & Freedom Party. [3] Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... The American Independent Party is a California political party. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... The Libertarian Party is an American political party founded on Dec. ... United States Peace and Freedom Party logo The Peace and Freedom Party (PFP) is a United States political party founded in 1967 as a leftist organization opposed to the Vietnam War. ...


Electoral system

Only the Democratic Party and Republican Party currently have representation in the State Legislature. However, for a brief period in the 1990s, the Green Party elected a member of the State Assembly from the eastern San Francisco Bay Area. USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


California currently uses the Plurality voting system ("First-past-the-post") in its elections, but some municipalities such as San Francisco and Berkeley have opted to use a system of preferential voting, currently used in Australia and Ireland, more popularly known in the United States as instant runoff voting or ranked choice voting. An example of a plurality ballot. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Preferential voting (or preference voting) is a type of ballot structure used in several electoral systems in which voters rank a list or group of candidates in order of preference. ... When the single transferable vote voting system is applied to a single-winner election it is sometimes called instant-runoff voting (IRV), as it is much like holding a series of runoff elections in which the lowest polling candidate is eliminated in each round until someone receives majority vote. ... Term preferential voting (also known as the preference voting) has several different meanings: (1) A ranked ballot or preferential voting system is a type of voting system in which each voter casts their vote by ranking candidates in order of preference. ...


Local elections in California at the county and city level are officially non-partisan and political party affiliations are not included on local election ballots.


See also


 
 

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