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Encyclopedia > Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The system of government established by the Dayton Accord is an example of consociationalism, as representation is by elites who represent the countrys three major groups, with each having a guaranteed share of power. Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into two Entities - the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, as well as the district of Brčko. Each of the Entities has its own constitution. General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, i. ... The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ... Christian Schwarz-Schilling, born in 1930 in Insbruck, Austria, is a German politician who served from 1982 to 1992 as Germanys federal post and communications minister. ... The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (PredsjedniÅ¡tvo Bosne i Hercegovine/Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Chairmen of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina Chronological listing, in reverse order. ... Dr. Haris Silajdžić (October 1, 1945) is a Bosnian politician and academic. ... The Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Željko KomÅ¡ić (IPA: ) (born January 20, 1964, Sarajevo) is a Bosnian-Herzegovinian politician of Croatian descent. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... NebojÅ¡a Radmanović is a Bosnian Serb politician. ... The Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (Serbian Cyrillic: Савез независних социјалдемократа, Serbian Latin: Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata) is a parliamentary party in the Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Nikola Å pirić (born on September 4, 1956 in Drvar, Bosnia-Herzegovina) is a Bosnian politician and the current Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Parliamentary Assembly (Parlementarna SkupÅ¡tina) has two chambers. ... The Parliamentary Assembly (Parlementarna SkupÅ¡tina) has two chambers. ... The House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Predstavnicki Dom, is the upper house of the National Assembly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... The Bosnia and Herzegovina general election of 2006 occurred on October 1, 2006. ... Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... National Assembly of Republika Srpska is the legislative body of the Republika Srpska (Serbian Cyrillic: Народна Скупштина Републике Српске, Serbian Latin: Narodna SkupÅ¡tina Republike Srpske or NSRS). ... Milan Jelić Dr. Milan Jelić (Cyrillic: Милан Јелић) (born 26 March 1956 in Koprivna near Modriča, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (today Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina)) is a Serb politician in Bosnia and Herzegovina and President of Republika Srpska. ... Milorad Dodik, Prime Minister of the Republika Srpska Milorad Dodik (Serbian Cyrillic: Милорад Додик) is the Prime Minister of Republika Srpska, an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina, from 18 January 1998 to 12 January 2001, and from 28 February 2006. ... Official language Serbian, Bosnian (Serbo-Croation) and Croatian Official script Cyrillic alphabet, Latin alphabet Capital Brčko Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  208 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total  â€“ Density  80,000  ? Ethnic groups (current est. ... The implementation of the Dayton Accords of 1995 has focused the efforts of policymakers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the international community, on regional stabilization in the former Yugoslavia. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A map displaying todays federations. ... A parliamentary system, also known as parliamentarianism (and parliamentarism in U.S. English), is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Head of Government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... In law, the judiciary or judicature is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, and provide a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Map showing the location of the Brčko District within Bosnia and Herzegovina (in red, upper right corner) Brcko District map Brčko (Serbian: Брчко) is a city in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

See Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Contents

Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Categories: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina | Lists of subnational entities | Bosnia and Herzegovina geography stubs ...

Dayton Agreement

Due to the Dayton Agreement, signed 14 December 1995, Bosnia and Herzogovina forms an international protectorate, with decisive power given to the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. It retained Bosnia's exterior border and created a joint multi-ethnic and democratic government. This national government - based on proportional representation similar to that which existed in the former socialist regime - is charged with conducting foreign, economic, and fiscal policy. General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, i. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ...


The Dayton Agreement established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. About 250 international and 450 local staff members are employed by the OHR. The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ...


Executive branch

The Chair of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina rotates among three members (Bosniak, Serb, Croat), each elected as the Chair for an 8-month term within their 4-year term as a member. The three members of the Presidency are elected directly by the people (Federation votes for the Bosniak/Croat, Republika Srpska for the Serb). The Presidency is the head of state institution and it is mainly responsible for the foreign policy and proposing the budget. The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (PredsjedniÅ¡tvo Bosne i Hercegovine/Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (where theyre one of the constitutive nations). ... The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (PredsjedniÅ¡tvo Bosne i Hercegovine/Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... A foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how a particular country will interact with the other countries of the world. ... Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ...


The Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is nominated by the Presidency and approved by the House of Representatives. He is then responsible for appointing a Foreign Minister, Minister of Foreign Trade, and others as appropriate. The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


The Council is responsible for carrying out various policies and decisions in the fields of diplomacy, economy, inter-Entity relations and other matters as agreed by the Entities.


Each of the Entities has its own Council of Ministers, which deal with internal matters not dealt with by the state Council.


Principal Government Officials

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
High Representative Christian Schwarz-Schilling 31 January 2006
Members of the Presidency Ivo Miro Jović (Croat) Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 May 2005
Sulejman Tihić (Bosniak) Party of Democratic Action 5 October 2002
Borislav Paravac (Serb) Serb Democratic Party 11 April 2003
Chair of the Council of Ministers Adnan Terzić (Bosniak) SDA 2002
President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Niko Lozančić (Croat) HDZ 27 January 2003
Vice-presidents Sahbaz Džihanović (Bosniak) SDA
Desnica Radivojević (Serb) SDA
Prime Minister of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ahmet Hadžipašić (Bosniak) SDA 14 February 2003
President of the Republika Srpska Dragan Čavić (Serb) Serb Democratic Party 28 November 2002
Prime minister of the Republic Srpska Milorad Dodik (Serb) Alliance of Independent Social Democrats February 2006
International supervisor of Brčko Susan R. Johnson
Mayor of Brčko Branko Damjanac (Serb)

The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ... Christian Schwarz-Schilling, born in 1930 in Insbruck, Austria, is a German politician who served from 1982 to 1992 as Germanys federal post and communications minister. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina (PredsjedniÅ¡tvo Bosne i Hercegovine/Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине) is the head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Ivo Miro Jović (born July 15, 1950 in ÄŒapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina) is the Croat member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, elected in the Parliament on May 9, 2005 following the sacking of Dragan ÄŒović by the High Representative on charges of corruption. ... The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is a political party of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Sulejman Tihić Sulejman Tihić (b. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... Borislav (Hrast) Paravac better known as chetnik no 1 who likes to act an idiot(in fact he doesnt act) (Борислав Паравац in Serbian Cyrillic) is a Bosnian Serb polititian and member of the Presidency of... The Serb Democratic Party (Serbian: Srpska Demokratska Stranka, SDS) is a political party for Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the executive branch of the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Adnan Terzić Adnan Terzić (born in Zagreb, Croatia on April 5, 1960) is the Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina, member of the Party of Democratic Action. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Niko Lozančić (born 1957 in Kakanj) is the current president of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (since January 27, 2003). ... The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is a political party of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sahbaz Dzihanovic is the vice President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Desnica Radivojević (Десница Радивојевић) is a Bosnian Serb politician born in Skelani, near Srebrenica. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The location of the FBiH entity as part of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Ahmet Hadzipasic (born June 1, 1952 in Cazin) is the current Prime Minister of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (since February 14, 2003). ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde (English: God of Justice) Patron Saint: Saint Stephen3 The location of Republika Srpska as part of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Europe. ... Dragan ÄŒavić (born March 10, 1958 in Zenica) is the current President of Republika Srpska (since November 28, 2002). ... The Serb Democratic Party (Serbian: Srpska Demokratska Stranka, SDS) is a political party for Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Milorad Dodik, Prime Minister of the Republika Srpska Milorad Dodik (Serbian Cyrillic: Милорад Додик) is the Prime Minister of Republika Srpska, an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina, from 18 January 1998 to 12 January 2001, and from 28 February 2006. ... The Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (Serbian Cyrillic: Савез независних социјалдемократа, Serbian Latin: Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata) is a parliamentary party in the Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Map showing the location of the Brčko District within Bosnia and Herzegovina (in red, upper right corner) Brcko District map Brčko (Serbian: Брчко) is a city in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Map showing the location of the Brčko District within Bosnia and Herzegovina (in red, upper right corner) Brcko District map Brčko (Serbian: Брчко) is a city in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

History

Past international high representatives: Carl Bildt, Carlos Westendorp, Wolfgang Petritsch, Paddy Ashdown. The High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, with the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was created in 1995 immediately after the Dayton Peace Agreement to oversee the civilian implementation of this agreement. ...   (born July 15, 1949) is a Swedish politician and diplomat, currently serving as Minister for Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt. ... Carlos Westendorp y Cabeza (born 1937) is a Spanish diplomat who held the post of High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina from June 1997 to July 1999. ... In September 2003, Ambassador Wolfgang Petritsch, Austria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva, was elected President-Designate of the Mine Ban Convention’s First Review Conference. ... Jeremy John Durham Ashdown, Baron Ashdown of Norton-sub-Hamdon GCMG KBE PC (born 27 February 1941), commonly known as Paddy Ashdown, is a British politician native of British India. ...


Members of the Presidency who stepped down under pressure from the Office of the High Representative: Mirko Šarović, Ante Jelavić, Dragan Čović. Alija Izetbegović also withdrew from the Presidency. Mirko Å arović (Мирко Шаровић in Serbian Cyrillic) is a Bosnian Serb politician, former Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Ante Jelavić, former Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Dragan ÄŒović was a member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, representing the nations Croat population. ... Alija Izetbegović (August 8, 1925 – October 19, 2003) was a Al-Qaeda activist, lawyer, philosopher, and politician, president of Al-Qaeda of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1990 to 1996 and member of the Al-Qaeda Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1996 to 2000, and author of several books, most...


In February 2000, the Supreme Court ruled that the structure of the Council of Ministers was unconstitutional; a new structure is being negotiated.


Federation president and vice-president in 1999: Ejup Ganić and Ivo Andrić-Lužanski.


Past RS presidents: Radovan Karadžić, Biljana Plavšić, Nikola Poplašen, Mirko Šarović. Radovan Karadžić during a visit to Moscow in 1994. ... Biljana PlavÅ¡ić (Биљана Плавшић) (born July 7, 1930 in Tuzla, Yugoslavia), was a Serb politician based in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mirko Å arović (Мирко Шаровић in Serbian Cyrillic) is a Bosnian Serb politician, former Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


RS president Nikola Poplašen was removed by the OHR on 5 March 1999. March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Legislative branch

The Parliamentary Assembly or Parlamentarna skupština is the main legislative body in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It consists of two chambers: The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ...

The Parliamentary Assembly is responsible for: The House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Predstavnicki Dom, is the upper house of the National Assembly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

  • enacting legislation as necessary to implement decisions of the Presidency or to carry out the responsibilities of the Assembly under the Constitution.
  • deciding upon the sources and amounts of revenues for the operations of the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • approving the budget for the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • deciding ratify treaties and agreements.
  • other matters as are necessary to carry out its duties of as are assigned to it by mutual agreement of the Entities.

Bosnia and Herzegovina did not have a permanent election law until 2001, during which time a draft law specified four-year terms for the state and first-order administrative division entity legislatures. The final election law was passed and publicized on September 9, 2001. September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2001. ...


House of Peoples

The House of Peoples includes 15 delegates who serve two-year terms. Two-thirds of them come from the Federation (5 Croats and 5 Bosniaks) and one-third from the RS (5 Serbs). Nine members of the House of Peoples constitutes a quorum, provided that at least three delegates from each group are present. Federation representatives are selected by the House of Peoples of the Federation, which has 58 seats (17 Bosniak, 17 Croat, 17 Serb, 7 others) and whose members are delegated by cantonal assemblies to serve 4-year terms. RS representatives are selected by the 28-member Republika Srpska Council of Peoples which was established in the Republika Srpska National Assembly; each constituent nation has eight delegates, "others" have four delegates.


House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is comprised of 42 Members, two-thirds elected to serve four-year terms from the Federation (14 Croats and 14 Bosniaks) and one-third elected from the RS (14 Serbs). Federation members come from the Federation House of Representatives with 98 seats whose members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. RS members come from the RS National Assembly, which has 83 seats and whose members are elected by popular vote to serve 4-year terms. The House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Predstavnicki Dom, is the upper house of the National Assembly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Political parties and elections

The following election results include names of political parties. See for additional information about parties the List of political parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina. An overview on elections and election results is included in Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 5 October 2002 Bosnia and Herzegovina Presidium election results
Candidates - Nominating parties % Bosniaks % Serbs % Croats
Sulejman Tihić - Party of Democratic Action 37.3
Haris Silajdžić - Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina 34.8
Alija Behmen - Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.5
Fikret Abdić - Democratic People's Community 4.1
Faruk Balijagić - Bosnian Party 1.9
Emir Zlatar - Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party 1.3
Rasim Kadić - Liberal Democratic Party 1.0
Mirko Šarović - Serbian Democratic Party 35.5
Nebojsa Radmanović - Party of Independent Social Democrats 19.9
Ognjen Tadić - Serbian Radical Party of the Republika Srpska 8.7
Desnica Radivojević - Party of Democratic Action 8.2
Branko Dokić - Party of Democratic Progress 8.1
Mirko Banjaé - League of People's Rebirth 4.6
Mladen Grahovac - Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.5
Dargutin Ilić - Socialist Party of the Republika Srpska 3.7
Milorad Cokić - Democratic People's Alliance 3.2
Svetozar Radivojević - Serbian People's Alliance of the Republika Srpska 1.0
Dragan Čović - Coalition 61.5
Mladen Ivanković-Lijanović - Economic Bloc 17.4
Mijo Anić - New Croatian Initiative 8.8
Stjepan Kljuić - Republican Party 5.1
Željko Koroman - Croatian Right Bloc 2.8
Žarko Mišić - Croatian Christian Democratic Union 2.8
Marinko Brkić 1.2
Total (turnout 53.9 %) 100.0 100.0 100.0
Source: Izboria.ba. Republikanska Stranka = Republican Party
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 5 October 2002 Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Representatives election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) 269,427 23.71 10
Serbian Democratic Party (Srpska demokratska stranka) 172,544 15.18 5
Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu) 136,090 11.97 6
Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Socijaldemokratska partija Bosne i Hercegovine) 134,384 11.82 5
Party of Independent Social Democrats (Stranka nezavisnih socijaldemokrata) 114,591 10.08 3
Coalition 114,207 10.05 5
Party of Democratic Progress (Partija demokratskog progresa RS ) 53,177 4.68 2
Socialist Party of the Republika Srpska (Socijalistička partija Republike Srpske ) 1.9 1
Bosnian Party (Bosanska stranka) 1.5 1
Pensioners' Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Stranka penzionera/umirovljenika BiH) 1.4 1
Democratic People's Alliance (Demokratski narodni savez) 1.4 -
Democratic People's Community (Demokratska Narodna Zajednica) 1.4 1
New Croatian Initiative (Nova hrvatska inicijativa) 1.4 1
Economic Bloc (Ekonomski blok HDU - Za boljitak) 1.3 1
Total (turnout 53.9 %)   42
Source: Izbori.ba

An election is a decision making process where people choose people to hold official offices. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina ... Sulejman Tihić Sulejman Tihić (b. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Dr. Haris Silajdžić (October 1, 1945) is a Bosnian politician and academic. ... The Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Fikret Abdić (born September 29, 1939) is a Bosniak businessman and politician, today mainly known for his role in the Bosnian War and his secularist opposition to the Islamist-dominated government of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Democratic Peoples Community (Demokratska Narodna Zajednica) is a muslim political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Bosnian Party (Bosanska Stranka) is a multi-ethnic political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Bosnian-Herzegovinian Patriotic Party (Bosanskohercegovačka Patriotska Stranka) is a Bosniak political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Liberal Democratic Party (Liberalno Demokratska Stranka) is a liberal party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Mirko Šarović (Мирко Шаровић in Serbian Cyrillic) is a Bosnian Serb politician, former Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Serbian Democratic Party (Serbian: Srpska Demokratska Stranka, SDS) is a Serbian nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Independent Social Democrats (Stranka Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Serbian Radical Party of the Republika Srpska (Srpska Radikalna Stranka RS) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Desnica Radivojević (Десница Радивојевић) is a Bosnian Serb politician born in Skelani, near Srebrenica. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Democratic Progress (Partija demokratskog progresa RS ) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The League of Peoples Rebirth (Savez Nardonog Preporoda) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Socialist Party of the Republika Srpska (Socialisticka Partija Republike Srpske ) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Democratic Peoples Alliance (Demokratski Narodni Savez) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Serbian Peoples Alliance of the Republika Srpska (Srpski Narodni Savez RS) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Dragan Čović was a member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, representing the nations Croat population. ... Mladen Ivanković Lijanović (born August 22, 1960 in Tomislavgrad, Bosnia and Herzegovina, then Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian politician and businessman. ... The Economic Bloc (Ekonomski Blok HDU - Za Boljitak) is a Croatian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The New Croatian Initiative (Nova Hrvatska Inicijativa) is a Croatian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Stjepan Kljuić (born December 19, 1939 in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina) is a Bosnian-Croat politician and academic who has been an active participant in Bosnian politics since Bosnian independence. ... The Croatian Right Bloc (Hrvatski Pravaški Blok) is a Croatian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Croatian Christian Democratic Union (Hrvatska krščanska demokratska unija) is a Croatian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) is a Bosniak nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Serbian Democratic Party (Serbian: Srpska Demokratska Stranka, SDS) is a Serbian nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian: Stranka za Bosnu i Hercegovinu) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Socialdemocrats (Socijaldemokratska Partija BiH - Socijaldemokrati / Социјалдемократска Партија БиХ - Социјалдемократи), is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Independent Social Democrats (Stranka Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine, HDZ BiH) is a political party of Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Christian Democrats (Demokrščani) is a political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Party of Democratic Progress (Partija demokratskog progresa RS ) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Socialist Party of the Republika Srpska (Socialisticka Partija Republike Srpske ) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Bosnian Party (Bosanska Stranka) is a multi-ethnic political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Pensioners Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Stranka Penzionera Umirovljenika BiH) is a multi-ethnic political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Democratic Peoples Alliance (Demokratski Narodni Savez) is a Serbian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Democratic Peoples Community (Demokratska Narodna Zajednica) is a muslim political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The New Croatian Initiative (Nova Hrvatska Inicijativa) is a Croatian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... The Economic Bloc (Ekonomski Blok HDU - Za Boljitak) is a Croatian political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...

Election history

National House of Representatives:

  • elections held 12-13 September 1998:
    • seats by party/coalition - KCD 17, HDZ-BiH 6, SDP-BiH 6, Sloga 4, SDS 4, SRS-RS 2, DNZ 1, NHI 1, RSRS 1
  • elections held 5 October 2002:
    • percent of vote by party/coalition - SDA 21.9%, SDS 14.0%, SBiH 10.5%, SDP 10.4%, SNSD 9.8%, HDZ 9.5%, PDP 4.6%, others 19.3%
    • seats by party/coalition - SDA 10, SDS 5, SBiH 6, SDP 4, SNSD 3, HDZ 5, PDP 2, others 7

House of Peoples: September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

  • constituted 4 December 1998
  • constituted in fall 2000
  • constituted in January 2003
  • next to be constituted in 2007

Federation House of Representatives: December 4 is the 338th day of the year (339th on leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...

  • elections held fall 1998:
    • seats by party/coalition - KCD 68, HDZ-BiH 28, SDP-BiH 25, NHI 4, DNZ 3, DSP 2, BPS 2, HSP 2, SPRS 2, BSP 1, KC 1, BOSS 1, HSS 1
  • elections held 5 October 2002:
    • seats by party/coalition - SDA 32, HDZ-BiH 16, SDP 15, SBiH 15, other 20

Federation House of Peoples: October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

  • constituted November 1998
  • constituted December 2002

Republika Srpska National Assembly:

  • elections held fall 1998
    • seats by party/coalition - SDS 19, KCD 15, SNS 12, SRS-RS 11, SPRS 10, SNSD 6, RSRS 3, SKRS 2, SDP 2, KKO 1, HDZ-BiH 1, NHI 1
  • elections held fall 2000
  • elections held 5 October 2002
    • seats by party/coalition - SDS 26, SNSD 19, PDP 9, SDA 6, SRS 4, SPRS 3, DNZ 3, SBiH 4, SDP 3, others 6

October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

Judicial branch

Constitutional Court

The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the supreme, final arbiter of legal matters. It is composed of nine members: four members are selected by the House of Representatives of the Federation, two by the Assembly of the RS, and three by the President of the European Court of Human Rights after consultation with the Presidency. European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints against States Parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by...


Terms of initial appointees are 5 years, unless they resign or are removed for cause by consensus of the other judges. Once appointed, judges are not eligible for reappointment. Judges subsequently appointed will serve until the age of 70, unless they resign or are removed for cause. Appointments made 5 years after the initial appointments may be governed by a different law of selection, to be determined by the Parliamentary Assembly.


Proceedings of the Court are public, and decisions will be published. Rules of court are adopted by a majority of the Court, and decisions are final and binding.


The Constitutional Court's original jurisdiction lies in deciding any constitutional dispute that arises between the Entities or between Bosnia and Herzegovina and an Entity or Entities. Such disputes may be referred only by a member of the Presidency, by the Chair of the Council of Ministers, by the Chair or Deputy Chair of either chamber of the Parliamentary Assembly, or by one-fourth of the legislature of either Entity.


The Court also has appellate jurisdiction within the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.


State Court

The State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of three divisions - Administrative, Appellate and Criminal - having jurisdiction over cases related to state-level law and appellate jurisdiction over cases initiated in the entities. The State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of 9 members, and is composed of administrative, criminal and public relations departments. ...


A War Crimes Chamber was added in January 2005, and has currently adopted two cases transferred from the ICTY, as well as dozens of war crimes cases initiated in cantonal courts.


The State Court also deals with organized crime, economic crime and corruption cases. For example, former Presidency member Dragan Covic is currently on trial for involvement in organized crime syndicates.


Entities

The entities each have a Supreme Court. Each entity also has a number of lower courts. There are 10 cantonal courts in the Federation, plus a number of municipal courts. The Republika Srpska has five municipal courts.


External links

  • Office of the High Representative
  • Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Government of the Republic of Srpska
  • Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Government of the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bosnia: a single country or an apple of discord?, Bosnian Institute, 12 may 2006

  Results from FactBites:
 
bosnia and herzegovina - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (1399 words)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (officially Bosna i Hercegovina, shortened to BiH, also in English variously written Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bosnia-Hercegovina) is a mountainous country in the western Balkans.
On November 21, 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, presidents of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Alija Izetbegović;), Croatia (Franjo Tuđman), and Serbia (Slobodan Milošević) signed a peace agreement that brought a halt to the three years of war in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995).
The Dayton Agreement succeeded in ending the bloodshed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it institutionalized the division between the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Muslim and Croat entity - Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (51% of the territory), and the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Serb entity - Republika Srpska (49%).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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