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Encyclopedia > Politician

A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. This includes people who hold decision-making positions in government, and people who seek those positions, whether by means of election, coup d'état, appointment, electoral fraud, conquest, right of inheritance (see also: divine right) or other means. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... Consent of the governed is a political theory that says a governments legitimacy and moral right to use state power is, or ought to be, derived from the people or society over which that power is exercised. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political economy was the original term for the study of production, the acts of buying and selling, and their relationships to laws, customs and government. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, and leaders. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about the state, government, politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law and the enforcement of a legal code by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what makes a government legitimate, what... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      International relations (IR), a branch of political science, is the study of foreign affairs and global issues among states within the international system, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). ... Main International Relations Theories and derivates Realism & Neorealism Idealism, Liberalism & Neoliberalism Marxism & Dependency theory Functionalism & Neofunctionalism Critical theory & Constructivism International relations theory attempts to provide a conceptual model upon which international relations can be analyzed. ... This is a list of notable political scientists. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Comparative politics is a subfield of political science, characterized by an empirical approach based on the comparative method. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Public administration can be broadly described as the study and implementation of policy. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This article is about the sociological concept. ... Street-level bureaucracy is a term used to refer to a public agency employee who actually performs the actions that implement laws. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Separation of powers, a term coined by French political Enlightenment thinker Baron de Montesquieu[1][2], is a model for the governance of democratic states. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      In law, the judiciary or judicial is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ... The psychodynamics of decision-making form a basis to understand institutional functioning. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... This article is about the political process. ... Voting is a method of decision making wherein a group such as a meeting or an electorate attempts to gauge its opinion—usually as a final step following discussions or debates. ... For theological federalism, see Covenant Theology. ... A form of government (also referred to as a system of government or a political system) is a system composed of various people, institutions and their relations in regard to the governance of a state. ... Political Ideologies Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... Political campaign Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political campaign is an organized effort to influence the decision making process within a group. ... “Political Parties” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The term group dynamics implies that individual behaviours may differ depending on individuals current or prospective connections to a sociological group. ... This article is about the political process. ... // A coup dÉtat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, often through illegal means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. ... The right of conquest is the purported right of a conqueror to territory taken by force of arms. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Divine Right is a comic book created by Jim Lee and published by Wildstorm. ...

Contents

Definitions

Considered a politician

  • A person who is active in party politics.
  • In a state, a member of the executive branch of government, or the office of Head of State, as well as the legislative branch, and regional and local levels of government.
  • Any person influencing group opinions in his or her favor can be termed a politician. For example, a worker participating in office politics is a politician, but only so far as the operations of his or her workplace are concerned.
  • Some law enforcement officers, such as sheriffs, and many judges who are elected or appointed because of their political views or popularity.

A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... Head of state or Chief of state is the generic term for the individual or collective office that serves as the chief public representative of a monarchic or republican nation-state, federation, commonwealth or any other political state. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... Administrative division is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy. ... Public Opinion is a book on media and democracy by Walter Lippmann. ... office politics is a slang term for the often counterproductive human factors present between coworkers, in an office environment in the private or public sector. ... Sheriff is both a political and a legal office held under English common law, Scots law or American common law, or the person who holds such office. ... Judges may refer to the Book of Judges in the Bible more than one judge. ...

Not considered a politician

  • Members of government who serve purely functional roles, such as bureaucrats.
  • Members of the judicial branch, law enforcement, and the military are not usually regarded as being politicians since they are generally executing or adjudicating established law and custom.
  • Ordinary citizens with the power to vote cannot properly be called politicians even though they can participate in group decision-making. A politician participates in public debate that leads to a group decision being reached, while a voter is simply responding to that debate.

A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy, usually within an institution of the government. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ...

Criticism

Although members of governing bodies are often honored, many people today have a poor opinion of politicians as a class. Not only do people often disagree with their policies, they are sometimes seen as unscrupulous, willing to do anything to gain power, or abusive of their position and privileges. Honor (or honor) comprises the reputation, self-perception or moral identity of an individual or of a group. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ...


Politicians can also be criticized for becoming "career politicians." A politician who makes politics the source of their income, yet has to face re-election every few years can be less likely to make bold decisions or side with an unpopular bill. Some feel that fear of "rocking the boat" leads to a stagnant political climate, in which it becomes hard to address injustices and create change. Various measures have been taken in attempt to mitigate this effect, such as the implementation of term limits. A term limit is a provision of a constitution, statute, or bylaw which limits the number of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office. ...


see also: political corruption World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. Blue colors indicate little corruption, red colors indicate much corruption In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate...


References

is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This list of richest American politicians (as of January 30, 2005) includes living office-holders, office-seekers and political appointees. ... Wealth at death of British politicians: based on probate. ... The chart proposed by the Political Compass Organization A political compass or political diamond is a multi-axis model used to label or organize political thought on several dimensions. ... “Political Parties” redirects here. ... A Muslim politician is a Muslim leader or non-leader that is or was engaged in politics. ... This is a list of notable United States politicians who have a research doctorate. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Politician - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia (837 words)
Again that’s a very interesting question, and there are nine points I should like to make in answer to it.
The answer is we can’t, and I in a far reaching sense don’t want to wait until we find out.
Well I think from a religious perspective, there is of course a great deal of very real difference in opinion on this particular type of matter which is in this current time part of the complex social framework of this nation.
Politician (296 words)
At this point, a politician is in the early stages of her career, holding a relatively low level or local office.
Politicians begin to build relationships within their political party that they will depend upon throughout their career, attempting to gain the public notice which will provide the foundation for a successful run for higher office.
The politician is establishing a reputation as a viable candidate for higher office, whether in the city government, the state senate, or Congress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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