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Encyclopedia > Political satire

Political satire is a subgenre of general satire that specializes in gaining entertainment from politics, politicians and public affairs. It has also been used with subversive intent where political speech and dissent are forbidden by a regime, as a method of advancing political arguments where such arguments are expressly forbidden. Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which exposes the follies of its subject (for example, individuals, organizations, or states) to ridicule, often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ... Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics, sometimes this may include political scientists. ... Public affairs is a catch-all term that includes public policy as well as public administration, both of which are closely related to and draw upon the fields of political science as well as economics. ... This article is about the computer software framework. ... Dissent is a sentiment or philosophy of non-agreement or opposition to an idea (eg. ...

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Distinctions

Political satire is usually distinguished from political protest or political dissent, as it does not necessarily carry an agenda nor seek to influence the political process. Whilst occasionally it can, it more commonly aims simply to provide entertainment. By its very nature, it rarely offers a constructive view in itself; when it is used as part of protest or dissent, it tends to simply establish the error of matters rather than provide solutions. Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... Individual rights Free speech, free press Soap box, Speakers corner (Hyde Park), blog (weblog) prior restraint, censorship, self-censorship, censor Right to assembly Gay rights, Stonewall Feminism, ERA, equal pay, Title IX Famous political dissenters Gandhi Steve Biko Nelson Mandela Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


Origins and Genres

Satire can be traced back throughout history; wherever organised government has existed, so has satire. The Roman period, for example, gives us the satirical poems and epigrams of Martial while some social satire exists in the writings of Paul of Tarsus in the New Testament of the Bible. During the twentieth century satire moved from print media (in cartoons as political cartoons with heavy caricature and exaggeration, and political magazines), and the parallel exposure of political scandals, to performances (including television shows). Examples include musicians such as Tom Lehrer, live performance groups like The Capitol Steps, and public television and live performer Mark Russell. Additional subgenres include such literary classics as Gulliver's Travels and Animal Farm, and more recently, internet Ezine and website sources such as The Onion and the Happening Happy Hippy Party. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Saul, also known as Paul, Paulus, and Saint Paul the Apostle, (AD 3 – 67) is widely considered to be central to the early development and spread of Christianity, particularly westward from Judea. ... See New Covenant for the concept translated as New Testament in the KJV. The New Testament (Καινή Διαθήκη), sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, and sometimes also New Covenant, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written by various authors c. ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... A cartoon is any of several forms of art, with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. ... This early political cartoon by Ben Franklin was originally written for the French and Indian War, but was later recycled during the Revolutionary War An editorial cartoon, also known as a political cartoon, is an illustration or comic strip containing a political or social message. ... A caricature of director Quentin Tarantino, using pieces of overlapped construction paper and color pencil, by Luigi Novi. ... A political scandal is a scandal in which politicians engage in various illegal or unethical practices. ... Tom Lehrer in 1960. ... The Capitol Steps are a popular American political satire group. ... Mark Russell (born August 23, 1932) is an American comedian, pianist and singer, based in Buffalo, New York. ... Gulliver Gullivers Travels (1726, amended 1735) is a novel by Jonathan Swift that is both a satire on human nature and a parody of the travellers tales literary sub-genre. ... Animal Farm: A Fairy Story is a satirical novella (which can also be understood as a modern fable or allegory) by George Orwell, ostensibly about a group of animals who oust the humans from the farm they live on and run it themselves, only to have it degenerate into a... An ezine is a periodic publication distributed by email or posted on a website. ... The Onion is a parody newspaper published weekly in print and on the Internet. ... The Happening Happy Hippy Party, or HHHP, was a British political satire website and Ezine that ran between 1997 and 2002, emerging during the dotcom boom in British satire. ...


19th Century

One example is Maurice Joly's 1864 pamphlet entitled The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu (Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu), which attacks the political ambitions of Napoleon III. It was first published in Brussels in 1864. The piece used the literary device of a dialogue between two diabolical plotters in Hell, the historical characters of Machiavelli and Montesquieu, to cover up a direct, and illegal, attack on Napoleon's rule. The noble baron Montesquieu made the case for liberalism; the Florentine wizard Machiavelli would present the case for cynical despotism. In this manner, Joly would communicate the secret ways in which liberalism might spawn a despot like Napoleon III. Maurice Joly (1829-1878) was a French satirist and lawyer. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu is a revolutionary French pamphlet by Maurice Joly which was plagarized to create The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... Hotel de Ville de Bruxelles Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (Dutch: Brussel, pronounced ; French: Bruxelles, pronounced in Belgian French and often by non-Belgian speakers of French; German: Brüssel) is the capital of... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Medieval illustration of Hell in the Hortus deliciarum manuscript of Herrad of Landsberg (about 1180) Hell, according to many religious beliefs, is a place or a state of pain and suffering. ... rsu usum5 Machiavelli, c. ... Portrait of Montesquieu in 1728. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ... Despotism is a form of government by a single authority, either a single person (ie. ...


See also

The Autocrats: Mauri Pekkarinen and Esko Aho The Autocrats (Itsevaltiaat) is a Finnish political satire TV series, which takes the viewer behind the scenes of the politics of Finland. ... The Happening Happy Hippy Party, or HHHP, was a British political satire website and Ezine that ran between 1997 and 2002, emerging during the dotcom boom in British satire. ... Article of the Canard Enchaîné mocking Nicolas Sarkozy and citing Wikipedia as source. ... PPD (modeled on Patrick Poivre dArvor) is the resident news anchor of the guignols. ... Private eye may mean: Look up Private eye on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Private Eye a fortnightly British satirical magazine-newspaper, edited by Ian Hislop (as of 2005) A private investigator, a private detective for hire (see also crime fiction and detective fiction) Private Eye, a song by Alkaline Trio... Spitting Image was a satirical puppet-show that ran on Britains ITV Network from 1984 to 1996. ... The Daily Show (currently The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, also known as TDS) is a half-hour satirical news program produced by and run on the Comedy Central cable television network in the United States. ... That Was The Week That Was, also known as TW3, was a satirical television comedy programme that aired on BBC Television in 1962 and 1963. ... // Whitehouse. ...

External links

  • Avant News - Political satire from the future to the present
  • Politics Jokes
  • George Bush political humor gallery
  • [http://www.geocities.com/willisallen2006/ George Bush political humor gallery
  • Marmaduke Can Vote - A blog that re-captions Marmaduke cartoon strips with political humor
This politics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

  Results from FactBites:
 
NOW with David Brancaccio. Politics & Economy. Who's Laughing Now? — American Political Satire | PBS (603 words)
Although the term satire may describe an entire work, a passage, or a tone, its characteristics are shared: among these, it employs comedy or humor; has a target and an ideal to compare it to; and describes folly or vice in detail.
The many diverse forms their statements have taken reflect the origin of the word satire, which is derived from the Latin satura, meaning "dish of mixed fruits," hence a medley.
This form of satire, along with Internet "fake news" sites such as THE ONION, WHITEHOUSE.ORG, and the BOROWITZ REPORT have brought the attention of a younger generation to satire and commentary on today's political discussions and societal inequality.
§21. Political Satire: "Absalom and Achitophel," Part I. I. Dryden. Vol. 8. The Age of Dryden. The Cambridge ... (1185 words)
In undertaking the composition of this great satire, whether or not at the request of Charles II, Dryden had found his great literary opportunity; and, of this, he took advantage in a spirit far removed from that of either the hired bravos or the spiteful lampooners of his age.
Absalom and Achitophel remains the greatest political satire in our literature, partly because it is frankly political, and not intended, like Hudibras, by means of a mass of accumulated detail, to convey a general impression of the vices and follies, defects and extravagances, of a particular section or particular sections of the nation.
It is not a satirical narrative complete in itself which is attempted; the real dénouement of the piece falls not within, but outside, its compass; in other words, the poem was to lead up, as to an unavoidable sequitur, to the trial and conviction of its hero.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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