FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
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Encyclopedia > Political liberalism

Political Liberalism is an update to John Rawls' 1971 Theory of Justice in which Rawls attempts to show that his theory of justice is not a "comprehensive conception of the good", but is instead compatible with a liberal conception of the role of justice: namely, that government should be neutral between competing conceptions of the good. Rawls tries to show that his two principles of justice, properly understood, form a "theory of the right" (as opposed to a theory of the good) which would be supported by all reasonable individuals, even under conditions of reasonable pluralism. The mechanism by which he demonstrates this is called "overlapping consensus". Essentially, Rawls creates a distinction between the public realm, in which an absolute moral standard- that of liberal justice- is universally applicable and supported, because that standard has been agreed upon in the original position; and the private realm, in which the liberal idea of freedom of conscience- respect for value pluralism, and therefore subjectivism- is preserved. "Overlapping consensus" is the area of agreement, shared by all reasonable doctrines, which mirrors the agreement reached in the original position. John Rawls (February 21, 1921 – November 24, 2002) was an American philosopher, a professor of political philosophy at Harvard University and author of A Theory of Justice (1971), Political Liberalism, Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, and The Law of Peoples. ... A Theory of Justice is a book of political and moral philosophy by John Rawls. ... Lady Justice - allegory of Justice as woman with sword and with book - statue at court building. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... Consensus has two common meanings. ... The original position is a hypothetical situation created by American philosopher John Rawls as a thought experiment. ...

John Rawls
A Theory of Justice - Political Liberalism - The Law of Peoples - Justice as Fairness: A Restatement
See also: Liberalism - Political philosophy - Original position - Justice

  Results from FactBites:
 
20th WCP: Liberalism, Civic Reformism and Democracy (2559 words)
Liberalism assumes political representation to be a necessary mediation for the institutional complexity of modern societies, though it does not mean to abandon the assumption of participation as the full accomplishment of the civil condition.
Liberal pluralism is an inclusive pluralism whose ideal is but a community of communities: the old medieval idea of a universal community, but, rather, the Kantian idea of a world confederation of states or the pragmatist idea of a universal community of communication.
Liberalism is a public philosophy committed to the accomplishment, the improvement and, hence, the reform of the civil condition.
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