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Encyclopedia > Political divisions of the Republic of China
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The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Jump to: navigation, search National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... For other province-level divisions, see Political divisions of China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ...

The two provinces have been effectively streamlined in administration, leaving the two centrally administered municipalities, five provincial municipalities, and eighteen counties as the principal divisions of the Republic of China. Additionally, the ROC has not officially renounced its claims over mainland China and Mongolia. Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jump to: navigation, search Taiwan is mostly mountainous in the east but gradually transitions to gently sloping plains in the west. ... The Pescadores Islands (Chinese: 澎湖群島; Wade-Giles: Peng-hu; Pinyin: Pénghú; Taiwanese POJ: Phêⁿ-ô·-kōan, from Portuguese, fishermen) are an archipelago in the Taiwan Strait. ... This is a list of islands under the Republic of China administration. ... Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ... Jump to: navigation, search Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... Quemoy, Kinmen, or Chinmen (金門, pinyin: Jīnmén, POJ: Kim-mn̂g) (pop. ... Lianjiang (連江; 连江; Liánjiāng; Lien²-chiang¹) is a county on the coast of Fujian Province, China. ... The Matsu Islands (馬祖列島 or less frequently, 馬祖群島 Pinyin: MÇŽzÇ”) are a minor archipelago of 19 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait administered as Lienchiang County (連江 Pinyin: Liánjiāng), Fukien Province of the Republic of China (ROC, now based on Taiwan). ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ... The Pratas Islands (or Dongsha Islands) are located in the middle of the South China Sea (see South China Sea Islands). ... Taiping (also Itu Aba, Chinese: 太平島) is the largest island of Nansha Islands (Spratly Islands) in the South China Sea. ... The South China Sea Islands (or Nanhai Islands, simplified: 南海诸岛, traditional: 南海諸島, pinyin: NánhÇŽi ZhÅ«dÇŽo) is an archipelago of over 250 around 1-km² islands, atolls, cays, shoals, reefs, and sandbars in the South China Sea, most of which have no indigenous people. ... Jump to: navigation, search City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...

This article is part
of the series:
Political divisions of
the Republic of China
(Taiwan)
In effect
Provinces (streamlined)
Municipalities
Counties
Provincial cities
County-controlled cities
Districts
Rural townships
Urban townships
Villages (urban)
Villages (rural)
Neighborhoods
Suspended
Regions (also translated as Areas)
Special administrative regions
Leagues
Special banners
Bureaus
Management bureaus
Banners
See also Political divisions of
the People's Republic of China

This results in a division of the mainland into 35 provinces, different from that of the current PRC system. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ... A county-controlled city (縣轄市) is one of the 32 cities in Taiwan Province of the Republic of China administered under one of the 16 counties of the Republic of China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... Jump to: navigation, search In the political division of the Republic of China, special administrative regions were historically used to designate special areas, most of which were eventually converted into provinces. ...

Contents


Structural hierarchy

The number at the end are the amount of entities as of 2004, in areas under ROC control:

  • Municipality (2)
    • District (區) (23)
      • Village (里) (912)
        • Neighborhood (鄰) (17988)
  • Province (2)
    • Provincial municipality (5)
      • District (26)
        • Village (831)
          • Neighborhood (17,091)
    • County (18)
      • County-administered city (32)
        • Village (里)
          • Neighborhood
      • Township: 226 rural townships (鄉 siang) and 61 urban townships (鎮 jhen)
        • Village (村)
          • Neighborhood

The lowest level, the neighbourhood, is not named, but only enumerated (start from one in each village). They number in 146,112 (127,242 in Taiwan Province), under 7,809 villages (6,838 in Taiwan). There are altogether 369 secondary entities (rural and urban townships, districts (of both types of municipalities), and county-administered cities). Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A county-controlled city (縣轄市) is one of the 32 cities in Taiwan Province of the Republic of China administered under one of the 16 counties of the Republic of China. ...


There are a number cities and counties which are similarly named, but in the ROC administrative scheme, they are completely separate and unconnected. Tainan City and Tainan County, for example, have no special administrative connection with each other. In most cases, the area designated as the city is much smaller than than the actual metropolitan area, in contrast with the situation on mainland China where the administrative city tends to be larger than the actual metropolitan area.


Romanization

The romanization used for ROC placenames is Wade-Giles, except "Keelung" and "Quemoy", which are the more popular versions of romanization. "Chiayi" and "Yilan" are slightly modified forms of the Wade-Giles version, "Chia-i" and "I-lan", respectively. After Tongyong Pinyin was adopted by the current administration in 2002, most municipalities, provinces, and county-level entities retained Wade-Giles, with the aforementioned exceptions. In linguistics, romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. ... In geography and cartography, a toponym is a place name, a geographical name, a proper name of locality, region, or some other part of Earths surface or its natural or artificial feature. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: 通用拼音; Pinyin: ; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since late 2000, announced by the Mandarin Promotion Council of the Ministry of Education. ...


Municipalities

Romanization Chinese Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Wade-Giles
Kaohsiung City 高雄市 GaoSyóng Gāoxióng Kao1-hsiung2
Taipei City 台北市 TáiBěi Táiběi T'ai2-pei3

Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: 通用拼音; Pinyin: ; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since late 2000, announced by the Mandarin Promotion Council of the Ministry of Education. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ... Jump to: navigation, search City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...

Counties

In Taiwan Province: Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Romanization Chinese Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Wade-Giles Capital
Chiayi County 嘉義縣 JiaYì Jiāyì Chia1-i4 Taibao City
Changhua County 彰化縣 JhangHuà Zhānghuà Chang1-hua4 Changhua City
Hsinchu County 新竹縣 SinJhú Xīnzhú Hsin1-chu2 Jhubei City
Hualien County 花蓮縣 HuaLián Huālián Hua1-lien2 Hualien City
Kaohsiung County 高雄縣 GaoSyóng Gāoxióng Kao1-hsiung2 Fongshan City
Miaoli County 苗栗縣 MiáoLì Miáolì Miao2-li4 Miaoli City
Nantou County 南投縣 NánTóu Nántóu Nan2-t'ou2 Nantou City
Penghu County (Pescadores) 澎湖縣 PéngHú Pénghú P'eng2-hu2 Magong City
Pingtung County 屏東縣 PíngDong Píngdōng P'ing2-tung1 Pingtung City
Taichung County 台中縣 TáiJhong Táizhōng T'ai2-chung1 Fongyuan City
Tainan County 台南縣 TáiNán Táinán T'ai2-nan2 Sinying City
Taipei County 台北縣 TáiBěi Táiběi T'ai2-pei3 Banciao City
Taitung County 台東縣 TáiDong Táidōng T'ai2-tung1 Taitung City
Taoyuan County 桃園縣 TáoYuán Táoyuán T'ao2-yüan2 Taoyuan City
Yilan County 宜蘭縣 YíLán Yílán I2-lan2 Yilan City
Yunlin County 雲林縣 YúnLín Yúnlín Yün2-lin2 Douliou City

In Fujian Province (Wade-Giles: Fuchien): Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: 通用拼音; Pinyin: ; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since late 2000, announced by the Mandarin Promotion Council of the Ministry of Education. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Chiayi County (嘉義縣, pinyin: Jiāyì Xiàn) is a county in southwestern Taiwan encompassing Chiayi City and administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Jump to: navigation, search Taibao City (太保市) is the capital of Chiayi County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Changhua County (彰化縣, pinyin: Zhānghuà Xiàn) is a county in western Taiwan administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Changhua City (彰化市) is the capital of Changhua County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Hsinchu County (新竹縣, pinyin: Xīnzhú Xiàn) is a county in northwestern Taiwan. ... Jhubei City (竹北市) is the capital of Hsinchu County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Hualien County (花蓮縣) is the largest and least populated county in Taiwan. ... Hualien City (花蓮市) is the capital of Hualien County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Kaohsiung County (高雄縣, pinyin: Gāoxióng Xiàn) is a county in southern Taiwan administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Fongshan City (鳳山市) is located in southern Kaohsiung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Miaoli County (苗栗縣, pinyin: Miáolì Xiàn) is a county in western Taiwan administered as part of Taiwan Province in the Republic of China. ... Miaoli City (苗栗市; pinyin: Miáolì Shì; Taiwanese POJ: Biâu-le̍k-chhÄ«) is the capital of Miaoli County, Taiwan. ... Nantou is the second largest county of Taiwan. ... Nantou City (南投市) is the capital of Nantou County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... The Pescadores Islands (Chinese: 澎湖群島; Wade-Giles: Peng-hu; Pinyin: Pénghú, from Portuguese, fishermen) are an archipelago in the Taiwan Strait. ... Makung (馬公 Pinyin: Mǎgōng) is the county seat of Penghu, in Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ... Pingtung County (屏東縣, pinyin: Píngdōng Xiàn) is a county in Southern Taiwan. ... Pingtung City (屏東市) is the capital of Pingtung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Taichung County (台中縣, pinyin: Táizhōng Xiàn) is a county in central Taiwan, encompassing Taichung City and administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Fongyuan City (豐原市) is located in central Taichung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Tainan County (台南縣, pinyin: Táinán Xiàn) is a county in Southern Taiwan . ... Jump to: navigation, search Sinying City (新營市) is the capital of Tainan County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Taipei County (台北縣 Pinyin: Táiběi Xiàn Taiwanese romanisation: tai5-pak-koan5) is located in northern Taiwan and encircles Taipei City. ... Banciao City (板橋市), also commonly spelled Panchiao (Wade_Giles) or Banqiao (Hanyu Pinyin), is the capital of Taipei County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Taitung County (台東縣, pinyin: Táidōng Xiàn; Taiwanese POJ: Tâi-tang-kōan) is a county in Eastern Taiwan, administered as part of Taiwan Province in the Republic of China. ... Taitung City (台東市, Taiwanese POJ: Tâi-tang-chhī) is the capital of Taitung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Taoyuan is names of places in China which are following: Taoyuan (桃园市、桃園市,pinyin:táo yuán shì) is a city located in Taiwan, see Taoyuan City Taoyuan (桃园县、桃園縣,pinyin:táo yuán xiàn) is a county in Taiwan, see Taoyuan County (Taiwan) Taoyuan (桃源县、桃源縣,pinyin:táo yuán xiàn) is... Taoyuan City (桃園 WG: Tao-yüan) is the capital city of Taoyuan County in Taiwan Province, Republic of China, located in the northeastern part of the island. ... Yilan County (宜蘭縣, pinyin: Yílán Xiàn) is a county in Northeastern Taiwan. ... Yilan City (宜蘭市), commonly and historically spelled Ilan or I-lan (Wade-Giles), is the capital of Yilan County in the Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Yunlin County (雲林縣, pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn) is a county in Western Taiwan. ... Douliou City (斗六市) is the capital of Yunlin County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ...

Romanization Chinese Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Wade-Giles Capital
Lienchiang County (Matsu) 連江縣 LiánJiang Liánjiāng Lien2-chiang1 Nangan Township
Kinmen County (Quemoy) 金門縣 JinMén Jīnmén Chin1-men2 Jincheng Township

Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: 通用拼音; Pinyin: ; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since late 2000, announced by the Mandarin Promotion Council of the Ministry of Education. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... The Matsu Islands (馬祖列島 or less frequently, 馬祖群島 Pinyin: MÇŽzÇ”) are a minor archipelago of 19 islands and islets in the Taiwan Strait administered as Lienchiang County (連江 Pinyin: Liánjiāng), Fukien Province of the Republic of China (ROC, now based on Taiwan). ... Nankan (南竿鄉 Pinyin: Nángān) is one of the Matsu Islands and the capital township of the Lienchiang County (which coincides geographically with the Matsus) of the Republic of China. ... Quemoy, Kinmen, or Chinmen (金門, pinyin: Jīnmén, POJ: Kim-mn̂g) (pop. ... Jincheng is a prefecture-level city with more than 100,000 inhabitants in Shanxi province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Provincial municipalities

In Taiwan Province: Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Romanization Chinese Tongyong Pinyin Hanyu Pinyin Wade-Giles
Chiayi City 嘉義市 JiaYì Jiāyì Chia1-i4
Hsinchu City 新竹市 SinJhú Xīnzhú Hsin1-chu2
Keelung City 基隆市 JiLóng Jīlóng Chi1-lung2
Taichung City 台中市 TáiJhong Táizhōng T'ai2-chung1
Tainan City 台南市 TáiNán Táinán T'ai2-nan2

Political divisions of the Republic of China Tongyong Pinyin (Chinese: 通用拼音; Pinyin: ; literally Universal/General Usage Sound-combining) is the current official romanization of the Chinese language adopted by the national government (although not all local governments) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) since late 2000, announced by the Mandarin Promotion Council of the Ministry of Education. ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin used in the... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... Chiayi City (嘉義市, pinyin: Jiāyì Shì, Taiwanese: Ka-gī chhī) is a city in Southwestern Taiwan. ... Hsinchu (新竹 pinyin Xīnzhú) is a large city in northern Taiwan. ... Keelung (基隆 Pinyin: Jīlóng, Wade-Giles: Chi-lung) is a county-level city of Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ... Abbreviation: Central City (中市) City nickname: The cultural city Capital District West Dist. ... Tainan (Chinese: 台南; Hanyu Pinyin: Táinán, Wade-Giles: Tai-nan, Taiwanese: Tâi-lâm) is a city located in southern Taiwan and is the fourth largest after Taipei, Kaohsiung and Taichung. ... map of Taiwan Source: 內政部地政司 (Department of Land Administration, Ministry of the Interior) This seems to indicate the image is copyrighted, and fairuse claim would be difficult. ...


Claims over mainland China and Mongolia

Enlarge
Maps of the official borders of the Republic of China include mainland China and Mongolia

After its loss of mainland China to the Communist Party of China in the Chinese Civil War and its exile to Taiwan in 1949, the Kuomintang continued to regard the Republic of China as the sole legitimate government of China and hoped to recover the mainland one day. Although in 1991 President Lee Teng-hui stated that the ROC does not challenge the right of the Communist Party of China to rule in the mainland, the ROC has never formally (by means of the National Assembly) renounced sovereignty over mainland China (including Tibet) and Mongolia. Most observers feel that the ruling Democratic Progressive Party would very much prefer to officially renounce such sovereignty. This extremely ambigious situation results in large part because a formal renouncement of sovereignty over mainland China could be taken as a declaration of Taiwan independence, which would be unpopular among some circles on Taiwan and could likely bring about military action by the People's Republic of China. Download high resolution version (1000x702, 232 KB)ROC map According to [1] this map (中華民國全圖) was published by the Department of Land Administration (地政司) of the Ministry of Interior (內政部) of the Republic of China. ... Download high resolution version (1000x702, 232 KB)ROC map According to [1] this map (中華民國全圖) was published by the Department of Land Administration (地政司) of the Ministry of Interior (內政部) of the Republic of China. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Chinese Civil War was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (The Nationalist Party; The Nationalists; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). ... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... Jump to: navigation, search Lee Teng-hui (Chinese: 李登輝; Taiwanese Romanization: Lí Teng-hui; pinyin: Lǐ DÄ“nghuÄ«; born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The National Assembly (Chinese: 國民大會, pinyin: Gúomín Dàhùi) was the constitutional convention (and formerly an electoral college) of the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Jump to: navigation, search Tibet (Tibetan: བོད་, Bod, pronounced pö in Lhasa dialect; Chinese: 西藏, pinyin: XÄ«zàng; older spelling Thibet) is a region in Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. ... DPP Flag The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) (Chinese: 民主進步黨; abbrev. ... Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is a controversy over whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of Taiwan. ... Taiwan independence (Chinese: 台灣獨立, pinyin: Táiwān dúlì, Taiwanese Romanization: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan (out of the lands currently administered... The Anti-Secession Law (Chinese: 反分裂国家法; pinyin: ; literally Against-Splitting-the-State Law) is a law passed by the third conference of the 10th National Peoples Congress of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Accordingly, the official first-order divisions of Republic of China remain the historical divisions of China immediately prior to the loss of mainland China by the KMT with Taipei and Kaohsiung elevated as central municipalities. These are: 35 provinces, 2 areas, 1 special administrative region, 14 centrally-administered (provincial-level) municipalities, 14 leagues, and 4 special banners. For second-order divisions, under provinces and special administrative regions, there are counties, province-controlled cities (56), bureaus (34) and management bureaus (7). Under provincial-level municipalities there are districts, and under leagues there are banners (127). This article talks about the history of the political divisions of China. ... For other province-level divisions, see Political divisions of China. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) (Simplified Chinese: 特别行政区; Traditional Chinese: 特別行政區; pinyin: tèbié xíngzhèngqÅ«; Cantonese IPA: /tɐk6piːt6 hɐŋ4tsɪŋ3kʰɵy1/; Jyutping: dak6bit6 hang4zing3keoi1; Yale: dahkbiht hàhngjingkeÅ«i) is a political subdivision of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Provincial cities (省轄市 or 省管市), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than direct-controlled municipalities of the Republic of China. ...


Maps of China and the world published in Taiwan sometimes show provincial and national boundaries as they were in 1949, not matching the current administrative structure as decided by the Communist Party of China post-1949 and including outer Mongolia and Tuva as part of China (which the PRC has renounced sovereignty over). Recent moves by the DPP administration have been changing maps in school texbooks and official maps issued by the government to reflect the current divisions instituted by the PRC. Jump to: navigation, search 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Outer Mongolia makes up Mongolia (presently a sovereign state) and Tannu Uriankhai (presently known as Tuva Republic, a federal subject of the Russian Federation), while Inner Mongolia (内蒙古; Nèi Měnggǔ) is an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Tuva Republic (Tuvan: Тыва Республика; Russian: ) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ...


Criticism of political divisions

Historically the most controversial part of the political division system of the ROC has been the existence of Taiwan Province as its existence was part of a larger controversy over the political status of Taiwan. In the mid-1990s, the provincial government was essentially stripped of almost all of its authority, but it remains a streamlined entity. Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Taiwan Strait Area The political status of Taiwan is a controversy over whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of Taiwan. ...


There has been some criticism of the current administrative scheme as being inefficient and inconducive to regional planning. In particular, most of the administrative cities are much smaller than the actual metropolitan areas, and there are no formal means for coordinating policy between an administrative city and its surrounding areas.


However, the likelihood of consolidation remains low. Many of the cities have a political geography which may be very different from its surrounding counties, making the prospect of consolidation to be very politically charged. For example, while the Kuomintang argues that combining Taipei City, Taipei County, and Keelung City into a metropolitan Taipei region would allow for better regional planning, the Democratic Progressive Party argues that this is merely an excuse to eliminate the government of Taipei County, which it controls by swamping it with votes from Taipei City and Keelung City, which tend to vote Kuomintang. The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Taipei County (台北縣 Pinyin: Táiběi Xiàn Taiwanese romanisation: tai5-pak-koan5) is located in northern Taiwan and encircles Taipei City. ... Keelung (基隆 Pinyin: Jīlóng, Wade-Giles: Chi-lung) is a county-level city of Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ... DPP Flag The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) (Chinese: 民主進步黨; abbrev. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Keelung (基隆 Pinyin: Jīlóng, Wade-Giles: Chi-lung) is a county-level city of Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ...


See also

Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The following is a list of counties and cities under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan) ranked by area. ... The following is a list of counties and cities under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan) ranked by population. ... The following is a list of counties and cities under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China (Taiwan) ranked by population density. ... Taiwan was under Japanese rule after the Sino-Japanese War, in 1895. ...

External links

  • 內政部地政司 (Department of Land Administration, Ministry of the Interior): Romanizations for county-level and township-level entities
  • County and city flags
  • Map of ROC (including Quemoy and Matsu)
  • Fuchien Provincial Government
  • Taiwan Provincial Government


Administrative divisions of the Republic of China Flag of the Republic of China
Provinces (streamlined): Taiwan Province | Fuchien Province
Central Municipalities: Kaohsiung City | Taipei City
Counties (Taiwan Province): Changhua County | Chiayi County | Hsinchu County | Hualien County | Kaohsiung County | Miaoli County | Nantou County | Penghu County | Pingtung County | Taichung County | Tainan County | Taipei County | Taitung County | Taoyuan County | Yilan County | Yunlin County
Counties (Fuchien Province): Kinmen County | Lienchiang County
Provincial Cities (Taiwan Province): Chiayi City | Hsinchu City | Keelung City | Taichung City | Tainan City

  Results from FactBites:
 
Political divisions of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2942 words)
Most of the provinces of China, with the exception of the provinces in the northeast, have boundaries which were established during the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
Maps of China published in Taiwan will often show provincial boundaries as they were in 1949 which do not match the current administrative structure as decided by the Communist Party of China post-1949, and include all of the areas claimed by the ROC.
Also, the urban townships and rural townships of the Republic of China are the same as towns and townships of the mainland; the difference is in the translation to English.
Political divisions of the Republic of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (907 words)
After its loss of mainland China to the Communist Party of China in the Chinese Civil War and its exile to Taiwan in 1949, the Kuomintang continued to regard the Republic of China as the sole legitimate government of China and hoped to recover the mainland one day.
Accordingly, the official first-order divisions of Republic of China remain the historical divisions of China immediately prior to the loss of mainland China by the KMT with Taipei and Kaohsiung elevated as central municipalities.
Maps of China and the world published in Taiwan sometimes show provincial and national boundaries as they were in 1949, not matching the current administrative structure as decided by the Communist Party of China post-1949 and including outer Mongolia and Tuva as part of China (which the PRC has renounced sovereignty over).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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