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Encyclopedia > Political divisions of China
People's Republic of China

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the People's Republic of China
Image File history File links National_emblem_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Government of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Constitution
Past constitutions: 1954 1975 1978
Guiding Political Ideologies

Mao Zedong: Mao Zedong Thought
Deng Xiaoping: Deng Xiaoping Theory
Jiang Zemin: Three Represents
Hu Jintao: Harmonious society The 1954 Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China was promulgated by the National Peoples Congress meeting in Beijing on September 20, 1954, apparently unanimously in favour. ... The 1975 Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China was promulgated in the midst of the unrest of the Cultural Revolution. ... The 1978 Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China was promulgated in 1978. ... “Mao” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Deng Xiaoping   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CCP). ... Deng Xiaoping Theory (邓小平理论) is the series of political and economic ideologies first developed by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. ... Jiāng Zémín (Traditional Chinese: 江澤民, Simplified Chinese: 江泽民, Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāng Zémín, Wade-Giles: Chiang Tse-min, Cantonese (Jyutping): gong1 zaak6 man4) (born August 17, 1926) was the core of the third generation of Communist Party of China leaders, serving as General Secretary of the Communist... The Three Represents (Simplified Chinese: 三个代表; Traditional Chinese: 三個代表; pinyin: sān gè dài biÇŽo) is a policy developed by Jiang Zemin for the Communist Party of China. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... Harmonius Society (和谐社会) is a concept raised by the Chinese government (Hu-Wen Administration) during the 10th Annual meeting of the Chinese National Peoples Congress in March of 2005. ...

President: Hu Jintao
National People's Congress
   Standing Committee
Premier: Wen Jiabao
State Council
People's Liberation Army
Central Military Commission
Law of the PRC
Supreme People's Court
Supreme People's Procuratorate
Political Parties
CPPCC
Communist Party of China
   Constitution
   General Secretary
   National Congress
   Central Committee
   Secretariat
   Politburo
      Standing Committee
Elections
   Political divisions
   Human rights
   Foreign relations
   Foreign aid
See also
   Politics of Hong Kong
   Politics of Macau
   Politics of the Republic of China

Other countries · Atlas
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Due to China's large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. The constitution of the People's Republic of China provides for three de jure levels of government. Currently, however, there are five practical (de facto) levels of local government: the province, prefecture, county, township, and village. The President of the Peoples Republic of China (Simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席; Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ZhÇ”xí, or abbreviated Guójiā ZhÇ”xí 国家主席) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Hu Hu Jintao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; born December 21, 1942) is currently the Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China, holding the titles of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China since 2002, President of the... The Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes The National Peoples Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally Pan-Nation Congress of the Peoples Representatives), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest... The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPCSC; Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会, pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín DàibiÇŽo Dàhuì Chángwù WÄ›iyuánhuì) is a committee of about 150 members of the National Peoples Congress (NPC) of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which... The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. ... Wen Jiabao (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Wen Chia-pao) (born September 1942) is the Premier of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn), which is largely synonymous with the Central Peoples Government (中央人民政府), is the chief administrative authority of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Peoples Liberation Army (disambiguation) The Chinese Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the military of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The Central Military Commission (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) refers to one of two bodies within the Peoples Republic of China, either to the Central Military Commission of the Peoples Republic of China, a state organ, or the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party, a party organ. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Supreme Peoples Court (最高人民法院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín FÇŽyuàn) is the highest court in the judicial system of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Supreme Peoples Procuratorate (simplified Chinese: 最高人民检察院; pinyin: Zuìgāo Rénmín FÇŽyuàn Jiānchá Yùan) is the highest agency at the national level responsible for prosecution in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is formally a multi-party state under the leadership of the Communist Party of China in the popular front model similar to the former Communist-era Eastern European countries such as the National Front of Democratic Germany . ... The Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi), abbreviated CPPCC, is an advisory body in the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì ZÇ’ngshÅ«jì) is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China and heads the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. ... The National Congress of the Communist Party of China (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a party congress that is held about once every five years. ... The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会; pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì) is the highest authority within the Communist Party of China between Party Congresses. ... The Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会书记处 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng WÄ›iyuánhuì ShÅ«jìchù) is the permanent bureaucracy of the Communist Party of China and forms a parallel structure to state organizations in the Peoples Republic... The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people who oversee the Communist Party... The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China (Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Chángwù WÄ›iyuánhuì) is a committee whose membership varies between 5 and 9 and includes the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. ... Elections in the Peoples Republic of China take two forms: elections for selected local government positions in selected rural villages, and elections by Communist Party peoples congresses for the national legislature: the National Peoples Congress (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The foreign relations of the Peoples Republic of China draws upon traditions extending back to China in the Qing Dynasty and the Opium Wars, despite China having undergone many radical upheavals over the past two and a half centuries. ... Foreign aid to the Peoples Republic of China takes the form of both bilateral and multilateral official development assistance and official aid to individual recipients. ... Other Hong Kong topics Culture - Economy Education - Geography - History Hong Kong Portal Politics of Hong Kong takes place in a framework of a political system dominated by China, an own legislature, the Chief Executive as the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... In accordance with Article 31 of the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China, Macau has Special Administrative Region status, which provides constitutional guarantees for implementing the policy of one country, two systems and the constitutional basis for enacting the Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... This article talks about the history of the political divisions of China. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without...


The provinces serve an important cultural role in China. Many people tend to identify with their native province. Most of the provinces of China have boundaries which were established in the late Ming Dynasty. Major changes since then have been the reorganization of provinces in the northeast after the communist takeover of mainland China in 1949 and the establishment of autonomous regions which are based on Soviet nationality theory. For other uses, see Ming. ... ...

Contents

Levels

The Constitution of the People's Republic of China provides for three levels: the province, county, and township. However, two more levels have been inserted in actual implementation: the prefecture, under provinces; and the village, under townships. There is a sixth level, the district public office, below counties, but it is being abolished. The People's Republic of China administers 33 province-level regions, 333 prefecture-level regions, 2862 county-level regions, 41636 township-level regions, and several village-level regions. The Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国宪法; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Xiànfǎ) is the highest law within the Peoples Republic of China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...


Each of the levels correspond to a level in the Civil service of the People's Republic of China. The civil service of the Peoples Republic of China consists of civil servants of all levels who run the day-to-day affairs in mainland China. ...


Summary

This table summarizes the divisions of the area administered by the People's Republic of China as of December 31, 2005. is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Level Name Types
1 Province level
2 Prefecture level
3 County level
  • Counties (县 xiàn) (1464)
  • Autonomous counties (自治县 zìzhìxiàn) (117)
  • County-level cities (县级市 xiànjíshì) (374)
  • Districts (市辖区 shìxiáqū) (852)
  • Banners (旗 qí) (49)
  • Autonomous banners (自治旗 zìzhìqí) (3)
  • Forestry areas (林区 línqū) (1)
  • Special districts (特区 tèqū) (2)
4 Township level
5 Village level (informal)
  • Neighborhood committees (社区居民委员会 jūmínwěiyuánhùi)
    • Neighborhoods or communities (社区)
  • Village committees (村民委员会 cūnmínwěiyuánhùi) or Village groups (村民小组 cūnmínxiǎozǔ)
    • Administrative villages (行政村 xíngzhèngcūn)
    • Natural villages (自然村 zìráncūn)

Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A league (Mongolian: chuulghan, Chinese: 盟, pinyin: méng) is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xi  n). ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political divisions of China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The Sumu (Chinese: 苏木; pinyin: sÅ«mù) is a township-level political/administrative divion of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... The village (Chinese: 村, pinyin: cun) in China serves as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population(census, mail system). ...

Province level

Province-level
Administrative divisions of the
People's Republic of China by:
Area
Population
Population density
GDP
GDP per capita
HDI
Highest point
Natural growth rate
Life expectancy
Illiteracy rate
Historical capitals
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The People's Republic of China administers 33 province-level divisions, including 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities, and two special administrative regions: This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.) , including all provinces, autonomous regions, special administrative regions, and municipalities, in order of their total areas. ... Map showing the HDI of the first-order administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.) , including all provinces, autonomous regions, special administrative regions and municipalities, in order of their highest points. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.), including all provinces, autonomous regions, special administrative regions and municipalities, in order of their natural growth rate in 2004. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.), including all provinces, autonomous regions, special administrative regions and municipalities, in order of their life expectancy in 2000. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China (P.R.C.), including all provinces, autonomous regions, special administrative regions and municipalities, in order of their illiteracy rate for people aged 15 and above in 2004. ... This is a list of the current and former capitals of subnational entities of China. ...


Provinces are theoretically subservient to the PRC central government, but in practice provincial officials have a large amount of discretion with regard to economic policy. Unlike the United States, the power of the central government was (with the exception of the military) not exercised through a parallel set of institutions until the early 1990s. The actual practical power of the provinces has created what some economists call federalism with Chinese characteristics. Chinese federalism refers to political theories which argue that the Peoples Republic of China central government does or should devolve large amounts of power to local entities. ...


Most of the provinces, with the exception of the provinces in the northeast, have boundaries which were established during the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. Sometimes provincial borders veer markedly away from cultural or geographical boundaries, a phenomenon described as "dog's teeth interlocking" (Chinese: 犬牙交错; pinyin: quǎnyájiāocuò). This was an attempt by the imperial government to discourage separatism and warlordism through a divide and rule policy. Nevertheless, provinces have come to serve an important cultural role in China. People tend to be identified in terms of their native provinces, and each province has a stereotype that corresponds to their inhabitants. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Capital Dadu Language(s) Mongolian Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1260-1294 Kublai Khan  - 1333-1370 (Cont. ... For other uses, see Ming. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Territory of Qing China in 1892 Capital Shengjing (1636-1644) Beijing (1644-1912) Language(s) Chinese Manchu Mongolian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1636-1643 Huang Taiji  - 1908-1912 Xuantong Emperor Prime Minister  - 1911 Yikuang  - 1911-1912 Yuan Shikai History  - Establishment of the Late... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... “Separatists” redirects here. ... For the collection of novellas by L. Sprague de Camp, see Divide and Rule (collection). ...


The most recent administrative changes have included the elevation of Hainan and Chongqing to provincial level status and the organization of Hong Kong and Macau as Special Administrative Regions. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...

Click any region for more info. Go here for image description.

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Tibet Autonomous Region Qinghai Gansu Sichuan Yunnan Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Shaanxi Chongqing Municipality Guizhou Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Shanxi Henan Hubei Hunan Guangdong Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Jilin Liaoning Beijing Municipality Tianjin Municipality Shandong Jiangsu Anhui Shanghai Municipality Zhejiang Jiangxi Fujian Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Macau Special Administrative Region Taiwan Image File history File links Size of this preview: 735 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (857 × 699 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Info below is copied from Image:China administrative. ...

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 735 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (857 × 699 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/gif) Info below is copied from Image:China administrative. ...

Provinces

Main article: Province of China

Provinces are the most common type of province-level division. A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shěng), which is an administrative division of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shěng), which is an administrative division of China. ...

Name Chinese (T) Chinese (S) Pinyin Postal map spelling Abbreviation Capital List of administrative divisions
Anhui 安徽 安徽 Ānhuī Anhwei wǎn Hefei List of administrative divisions
Fujian 福建 福建 Fújiàn Fukien mǐn Fuzhou List of administrative divisions
Gansu 甘肅 甘肃 Gānsù Kansu gān or lǒng Lanzhou List of administrative divisions
Guangdong 廣東 广东 Guǎngdōng Kwangtung yuè Guangzhou List of administrative divisions
Guizhou 貴州 贵州 Gùizhōu Kweichow qián or gùi Guiyang List of administrative divisions
Hainan 海南 海南 Hǎinán Hainan qióng Haikou List of administrative divisions
Hebei 河北 河北 Héběi Hopeh Shijiazhuang List of administrative divisions
Heilongjiang 黑龍江 黑龙江 Hēilóngjiāng Heilungkiang hēi Harbin List of administrative divisions
Henan 河南 河南 Hénán Honan Zhengzhou List of administrative divisions
Hubei 湖北 湖北 Húběi Hupeh è Wuhan List of administrative divisions
Hunan 湖南 湖南 Húnán Hunan xiāng Changsha List of administrative divisions
Jiangsu 江蘇 江苏 Jiāngsū Kiangsu Nanjing List of administrative divisions
Jiangxi 江西 江西 Jiāngxī Kiangsi gàn Nanchang List of administrative divisions
Jilin 吉林 吉林 Jílín Kirin Changchun List of administrative divisions
Liaoning 遼寧 辽宁 Liáoníng Fengtien liáo Shenyang List of administrative divisions
Qinghai 青海 青海 Qīnghǎi Tsinghai qīng Xining List of administrative divisions
Shaanxi 陝西 陕西 Shǎnxī Shensi zh|秦 qín Xi'an List of administrative divisions
Shanxi 山西 山西 Shānxī Shansi jìn Taiyuan List of administrative divisions
Shandong 山東 山东 Shāndōng Shantung Jinan List of administrative divisions
Sichuan 四川 四川 Sìchuān Szechuan chuān or shǔ Chengdu List of administrative divisions
Yunnan 雲南 云南 Yúnnán Yunnan diān or yún Kunming List of administrative divisions
Zhejiang 浙江 浙江 Zhèjiāng Chekiang zhè Hangzhou List of administrative divisions

Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Chinese Postal Map Romanization (Traditional Chinese: 郵政式拼音; Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì PÄ«nyÄ«n) refers to the system of romanization for Chinese place names which came into use in the late Qing dynasty and was officially sanctioned by the Imperial Postal Joint-Session Conference (帝國郵電聯席會議), which was held in Shanghai in the... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Anhui, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 17 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 105 county-level divisions 5 county-level cities 56 counties 44 districts 1936 township-level divisions 997 towns...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal map spelling: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chou; BUC: Hók-ciÅ­; EFEO: Fou-Tcheou; also seen as Foochow or Fuchow) is the capital and the largest prefecture-level city of Fujian (福建) province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Fujian is a province of China, with the vast majority administered by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), and the offshore islands of Quemoy and Matsu administered by the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... Gansu (Simplified Chinese: 甘肃; Traditional Chinese: 甘肅; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kan-su, Kansu, or Kan-suh) is a province located in the northwest of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Lanzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lan-chou; Postal map spelling: Lanchow) is the capital of and a prefecture-level city in the Gansu province, China. ... Gansu, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 14 prefecture-level divisions 12 prefecture-level cities 2 autonomous prefectures 86 county-level divisions 4 county-level cities 58 counties 7 autonomous counties 17 districts 1348 township-level divisions 457 towns... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangdong, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 21 prefecture-level divisions 21 prefecture-level cities (2 of which are subprovincial cities 124 county-level divisions 30 county-level cities 42 counties 3 autonomous counties 49 districts  ? township-level divisions... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... position in Guizhou district of Guiyang View of Guiyang Typically known as the Forest City, Guiyang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guizhou province in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Guizhou, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 9 prefecture-level divisions 4 prefecture-level cities 2 prefectures 3 autonomous prefectures 88 county-level divisions 9 county-level cities 56 counties 11 autonomous counties 10 districts 2 special districts 1543... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Haikou on the map of China Haikou, situated at the north of Hainan island, is the capital of Hainan Province of the Peoples Republic of China and has an estimated population of 830,192 (2006), therefore by far the largest city on the island. ... Hainan Province uses a slightly different administrative system from the other provinces of China. ... Hebei (Chinese: 河北; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hopeh) is a northern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Website: http://www. ... The administrative divisions of Hebei, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions. ... Heilongjiang (Simplified Chinese: 黑龙江省; Traditional Chinese: 黑龍江省; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Postal System Pinyin: Heilungkiang) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Harbin on a map of China For other meanings of Harbin, see Harbin (disambiguation). ... Heilongjiang, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 13 prefecture-level divisions 12 prefecture-level cities 1 prefecture 130 county-level divisions 19 county-level cities 45 counties 1 autonomous county 65 districts 1314 township-level divisions 475 towns 400... Henan (Chinese: 河南; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ho-nan), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the central part of the country. ... Zhengzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), formerly called Zhengxian (traditional form: Chengchow) , is a prefecture-level city and the capital of Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... The administrative divisions of Henan, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions. ... Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... The administrative divisions of Hubei, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions. ... Not to be confused with the unrelated provinces of Hainan, Henan, and Yunnan. ... Changsha (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-sha) is the capital city of Hunan, a province of Southcentral China, located on the lower reaches of Xiangjiang river, a branch of the Yangtze River. ... According to the Administrative Division System of China, As a province, the first level division of the country, Hunan is subdivided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties, and/or cities. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... “Nanking” redirects here. ... Jiangsu, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 13 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 106 county-level divisions 27 county-level cities 25 counties 54 districts 1518 township-level divisions 1117 towns... Jiangxi (Chinese: 江西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsi) is a southern province of the Peoples Republic of China, spanning from the banks of the Yangtze River in the north into hillier areas in the south. ... Nanchang (Chinese: 南昌; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the capital of Jiangxi Province in southeastern China. ... Jiangxi, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 11 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 99 county-level divisions 10 county-level cities 70 counties 19 districts 1548 township-level divisions 770 towns...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jílín; Wade-Giles: Chi-lin; Postal System Pinyin: Kirin; Manchu: Girin ula), is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. ... Changchun (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located at the northeast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jilin, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 9 prefecture-level divisions 8 prefecture-level cities 1 autonomous prefecture 60 county-level divisions 20 county-level cities 18 counties 3 autonomous counties 19 districts 1532 township-level divisions 456 towns...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about a city. ... Liaoning, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 14 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 172 county-level divisions 17 county-level cities 19 counties 8 autonomous counties 56 districts 1532 township-level... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ... Location of Xining Xining (Simplified Chinese : 西宁, Traditional Chinese : 西寧, Tibetan : Ziling) is the capital of Qinghai Province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Qinghai, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 8 prefecture-level divisions 1 prefecture-level city 1 prefecture 6 autonomous prefectures 43 county-level divisions 2 county-level cities 30 counties 7 autonomous counties 4 districts 429 township-level divisions...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ShÇŽnxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal map spelling: Shensi) is a north-central province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the... “Xian” redirects here. ... The administrative divisions of Shaanxi, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions. ... Shanxi (Chinese: 山西; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shansi) is a province in the northern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Location within China Taiyuan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tàiyuán; Wade-Giles: Tai-yüan) is a prefecture-level city in China, capital of the Shanxi province. ... Shanxi, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of prefecture-level divisions, which are divided into county-level divisions, which are then divided into township-level divisions. ...   (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ... For the South Korean county of the same name, see Jinan County. ... Shandong, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 17 prefecture-level divisions 17 prefecture-level cities (2 of which are subprovincial cities) 140 county-level divisions 31 county-level cities 60 counties 49 districts 1917 township-level divisions  ? towns  ? townships...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Cheng-tu), located in southwest China, is the capital of Sichuan province and a sub-provincial city. ... Sichuan, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 21 prefecture-level divisions 18 prefecture-level cities 3 autonomous prefectures 181 county-level divisions 14 county-level cities 120 counties 4 autonomous counties 43 districts 4782 township-level divisions 1865 towns... Yunan redirects here. ... Kunming (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Yunnan, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 16 prefecture-level divisions 8 prefecture-level cities 8 autonomous prefectures 129 county-level divisions 9 county-level cities 79 counties 29 autonomous counties 12 districts 1455 township-level divisions 567 towns... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Zhejiang, a province of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 11 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 90 county-level divisions 22 county-level cities 35 counties 1 autonomous county 32 districts 1598 township-level...

Disputed area
Name Chinese (T) Chinese (S) Pinyin Abbreviation Capital List of administrative divisions
Taiwan 臺灣 or 台灣 台湾 Táiwān tái Jhongsing Village List of administrative divisions

Since its founding in 1949, the People's Republic of China has considered Taiwan to be its 23rd province. However, the Republic of China currently controls this province, which consists of Taiwan island and the Pescadores. The ROC also controls one county of Fuchien (or Fukien) province: Kinmen; and part of a second county: Lienchiang. Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Jhongsing Village (中興新村 WG: Chung-hsing-hsin-tsun, Pinyin: ZhōngxÄ«ngxÄ«ncÅ«n) is located in Nantou County, Taiwan and is the seat of the Taiwan provincial government. ... The Republic of China (ROC) currently administers two historical provinces of China (one completely and one for a small part) and centrally administers two municipalities: Taiwan Province; consists of the island of Taiwan, except the two municipalities, plus Penghu county (Pescadores Islands) and a number of outlying islands Sixteen counties... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The Pescadores (Traditional Chinese: 澎湖群島; Hanyu Pinyin: Pénghú Qúndăo; Tongyong Pinyin: Pénghú Cyúndăo; Wade-Giles: Peng-Hu Chün-Tao; Taiwanese POJ: Phêⁿ-ô·-kōan, from Portuguese, fishermen, pron. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... Kinmen (Traditional Chinese: 金門; Hanyu Pinyin: JÄ«nmén; Tongyong Pinyin: Jinmén; Wade-Giles: Chin-men; POJ: Kim-mnÌ‚g; also romanized Quemoy from Southern Min (in early Spanish romanization); literally Golden Door or Golden Gate), located at 24. ... Lianjiang (連江; 连江; Liánjiāng; Lien²-chiang¹) is a county on the coast of Fujian Province, China. ...


Autonomous regions

Autonomous regions are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution. For example, they have a chairman (where regular provinces have governors), who must be of the ethnic group as specified by the autonomous region (Tibetan, Uyghur, etc) In a similar fashion to the former Soviet Unions titular nations, a number of areas associated with one or more ethnic minorities are designated as autonomous within the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Uyghur (also spelled Uygur, Uighur, Uigur; Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are a Turkic people of Central Asia. ...


Autonomous regions were established after communist takeover, following Soviet nationality policy. There are five in total. “CCCP” redirects here. ...

Name Chinese (T) Chinese (S) pinyin Designated minority Local name Abbreviation Capital List of administrative divisions
Guangxi 廣西 广西 Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū Zhuang Zhuang -
Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih
Guì Nanning List of administrative divisions
Inner Mongolia 內蒙古 内蒙古 Nèiměnggǔ Zìzhìqū Mongol Mongolian -
ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ /
Öbür Mongghul-un Öbertegen Jasaqu Orun
内蒙古 Nèiměnggǔ

Hohhot List of administrative divisions
Ningxia 寧夏 宁夏 Níngxià Húizú Zìzhìqū Hui (The Hui speak Chinese) níng Yinchuan List of administrative divisions
Xinjiang 新疆 新疆 Xīnjiāng Wéiwúěr Zìzhìqū Uyghur Uyghur -
شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى /
Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni
xīn Ürümqi List of administrative divisions
Tibet 西藏 西藏 Xīzàng Zìzhìqū Tibetan Tibetan -
བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས /
Bod.raṅ.skyoṅ.ljoṅs
zàng Lhasa List of administrative divisions

Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ«; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: GuÇŽngxÄ« Zhuàngzú ZìzhìqÅ«) is a Zhuang autonomous region of... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... position in Guangxi Nanning (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánníng) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, a autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 14 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 97 county-level divisions 7 county-level cities 56 counties 34 districts 12 ethnic... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Inner_Mongolia_in_Mongolian. ... Hohhot (Chinese: 呼和浩特; Pinyin: HÅ«héhàotè; Mongolian: Ð¥Ó©Ñ… хот), occasionally spelled Huhehot or Huhhot, is the capital city of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Inner Mongolia, an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of prefecture-level divisions, which are divided into county-level divisions, which are then divided into township-level divisions. ... Ningxia (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏; Pinyin: Níngxià; Wade-Giles: Ning-hsia; Postal Pinyin: Ningsia), full name Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (Simplified Chinese: 宁夏回族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 寧夏回族自治區; Pinyin: Níngxià Huízú ZìzhìqÅ«), is a Hui autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, located on the northwest Loess... The Hui people (Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Xiaoerjing: حُوِ Ø°ÙŽÙˆ ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... Yinchuan (Simplified Chinese: 银川; Traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: ) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. ... Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, a autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 5 prefecture-level divisions all of which are prefecture-level cities 21 county-level divisions 2 county-level cities 11 counties 8 districts 229 township... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... The Uyghur (also spelled Uygur, Uighur, Uigur; Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are a Turkic people of Central Asia. ... Uyghur (‎/Uyghurche//, or ‎/Uyghur tili//)[1] is a Turkic language spoken by the Uyghur people in Xinjiang (also called East Turkestan or Uyghurstan), formerly also “Sinkiang” and “Chinese Turkestan,” a Central Asian region administered by China. ... Ãœrümqi Ãœrümqi (Uyghur: ئۈرۈمچی; Uyghur Latin script: Ãœrümqi; Simplified Chinese: 乌鲁木齐; Traditional Chinese: 烏魯木齊; pinyin: ), with a population about 1. ... Xinjiang, an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following administrative divisions: 14 prefecture-level divisions 2 prefecture-level cities 7 prefectures 5 autonomous prefectures 99 county-level divisions 20 county-level cities 62 counties 6 autonomous counties 11 districts 1009 township-level... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha sa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Tibet Autonomous Region, an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 7 prefecture-level divisions 1 prefecture-level city 6 prefectures 73 county-level divisions 1 county-level city 71 counties 1 district 692 township-level divisions...

Municipalities

Main article: Municipality of China

Municipalities are large cities that have the same administrative level as provinces. Municipalities directly control county-level divisions, without an intervening prefecture-level. In practice, the actual metropolitan area of a municipality is only a tiny fraction of its total area; the rest of the municipality consists of towns and farmland. Chongqing is an extreme example of this — the rural population of this municipality exceeds its urban population. Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ...


There are 4 municipalities in the People's Republic of China.

Name Chinese (T) Chinese (S) pinyin Abbreviation List of administrative divisions
Beijing 北京 北京 Běijīng 京 jīng List of administrative divisions
Chongqing 重慶 重庆 Chóngqìng 渝 yú List of administrative divisions
Shanghai 上海 上海 Shànghǎi 沪 hù List of administrative divisions
Tianjin 天津 天津 Tiānjīn 津 jīn List of administrative divisions

Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... “Peking” redirects here. ... “Peking” redirects here. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 19 county-level divisions: 18 districts and 1 county. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ...

Special administrative regions

Special administrative regions (SARs) are local administrative regions with a high degree of autonomy under the One country, two systems arrangement, and come directly under the Central People's Government, as provided in the articles 12 of both basic laws of the two SARs. A Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the Peoples Republic of China is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... A Special administrative region (SAR) is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... One country, two systems (Simplified Chinese: 一国两制; Traditional Chinese: 一國兩制; pinyin: yì; guó liǎng zhì; Jyutping: jat1 gwok3 loeng5 zai3; Yale: yāt gwok leúhng jai), is an idea originally proposed by Deng Xiaoping, then Paramount Leader of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), for the unification of China. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with State Council of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China serves as the constitutional document of Hong Kong. ...


Unlike provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, whose legal basis is provided for in Article 30 of the 1982 Constitution, special administrative regions are provided for in Article 31. The two SARs were established in 1997 and 1999 when the sovereignty of the two entities was transferred (from the United Kingdom and Portugal respectively) to the People's Republic of China.


The two special administrative regions come directly under the Central People's Government. As opposed to other provincial-level administrative divisions (provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions), SARs reserve a much higher level of autonomy, with their own courts of last resort, legal systems, passports, currencies, customs control, immigration policies, extradition, etc., except diplomatic relations and national defence. The SARs participate in various international organisations and sporting events as separate members/teams from the PRC. Court of Final Appeal usually refers to the last court in which one can appeal cases brought before the highest level. ... For Microsoft Corporation’s “universal login” service, formerly known as Microsoft Passport Network, see Windows Live ID. For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the import or export of goods. ... Extradition is the official process by which one nation or state requests and obtains from another nation or state the surrender of a suspected or convicted criminal. ... This article is about negotiations. ... Any activity or effort performed to protect a nation against attack or other threats. ...


Both SARs are small, and neither uses the administrative structure of mainland China. Hong Kong is divided into 18 districts, each with a consultative district council. Macau is administered as a whole by the SAR Government, with no further divisions, after the Portuguese-era municipalities were abolished. ... The territory of Hong Kong is divided in 18 administrative districts (Population as of 2000) Hong Kong Island Central and Western (274,400) Eastern (620,800) Southern (282,400) Wan Chai (190,300) Kowloon (New Kowloon included) Kowloon City (406,000) Kwun Tong (564,700) Sham Shui Po (372,200... The District Councils (區議會 and formerly District Boards) are district organizations in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ...

Name Chinese (T) Chinese (S) Pinyin Abbreviation
Hong Kong 香港 香港 Xiānggǎng 港 gǎng
Macau 澳門 澳门 Àomén 澳 ào

See also: Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...

The territory of Hong Kong is divided in 18 administrative districts (Population as of 2000) Hong Kong Island Central and Western (274,400) Eastern (620,800) Southern (282,400) Wan Chai (190,300) Kowloon (New Kowloon included) Kowloon City (406,000) Kwun Tong (564,700) Sham Shui Po (372,200... // The municipalities of Macau were formally abolished in 1999, when Macau became a special administrative region (SAR) of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Prefecture level

Map of Foshan, a prefecture-level city in in the Province of Guangdong.

Prefecture-level divisions are the second level of the administrative structure. As of December 31, 2005, this structure consisted of 333 divisions composed of: Image File history File links Location_of_Foshan_within_Guangdong_(China). ... Image File history File links Location_of_Foshan_within_Guangdong_(China). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Prefecture-level cities form the vast majority of prefecture-level divisions. Prefecture-level cities are generally composed of an urban center and surrounding rural areas much larger than the urban core, and thus are not "cities" in the strict sense of the term. A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A league (Mongolian: chuulghan, Chinese: 盟, pinyin: méng) is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Most provinces are divided into only prefecture-level cities and contain no other second-level administrative units. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions only 3 provinces (Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai) and 2 autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet) have more than three second-level or prefecture-level divisions that are not prefecture-level cities. Yunan redirects here. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Qinghai (Chinese: 青海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching-hai; Postal System Pinyin: Tsinghai; Tibetan: མཚོ་སྔོན་ mtsho-sngon; Mongolian: Köke Naγur; Manchu: Huhu Noor) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, named after the enormous Qinghai Lake. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་; Wylie: Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


Prefectures are another level of government found at the prefecture-level. These were formerly the dominant second-level division, which is why this administrative level is often called "prefecture-level". However, they were replaced for the most part by prefecture-level cities rom 1983 to the 1990s. Today, prefectures exist mostly in Xinjiang and Tibet only. Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་; Wylie: Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...


Leagues are effectively the same as prefectures, but they are to be found only in Inner Mongolia. Like prefectures, leagues have mostly been replaced with prefecture-level cities. The unique name is a holdover from earlier forms of administration in Mongolia. A league (Mongolian: chuulghan, Chinese: 盟, pinyin: méng) is an administrative unit in Inner Mongolia, Peoples Republic of China. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N...


Autonomous prefectures are prefectures with one or more designated ethnic minorities. These are mostly to be found in China's western regions. Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ...


County level

As of December 31, 2005, there are 2872 county-level divisions, including 862 districts, 374 cities, 1464 counties, 117 autonomous counties, 49 banners, 3 autonomous banners, 2 special districts and 1 forestry district in mainland China (the Republic of China governs 23 county-level divisions, including 18 counties and 5 provincial municipalities). is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ...


Counties are the most common county-level division. Counties have continuously existed since the Warring States Period, much earlier than any other level of government in China. In Sinologist literature, xian are often translated as "districts" or "prefectures". In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sinology is the study of China, and things related to China, using a combination of Western and traditional Chinese methodologies, concepts, and theories. ...


Autonomous counties are counties with one or more designated ethnic minorities. These are analogous to autonomous regions (at the province-level) and autonomous prefectures (at the prefecture-level). In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xi  n). ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ...


Inner Mongolia has banners and autonomous banners, which are the same as counties and autonomous counties except in name. The name is a holdover from earlier forms of administration in Mongolia. Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ... A banner (Mongolian: khoshuu, Chinese: 旗, pinyin: qí) is an administrative division of Inner Mongolia. ...


County-level cities are, like prefecture-level cities, not "cities" in the traditional sense of the word, since they are actually large administrative regions that cover both urban and rural areas. It was popular for counties to become county-level cities in the 1990s, though this has since been halted. A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Districts are another type of county-level division. These were formerly the subdivisions of urban areas, consisting of built-up areas only. In recent years, however, many counties have been converted into districts, so that today districts are often just like counties, with towns, villages, and farmland. District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...


There are also a few special county-level divisions. There is a county-level forestry district in Hubei province, Shennongjia, that is a county-level division; so are two special districts in Guizhou province, Liuzhi and Wanshan. Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hu-pei; Postal System Pinyin: Hupeh) is a central province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ...


Township level

As of December 31, 2005 there were 41636 township-level divisions. These include 19522 towns, 14677 township, 1092 ethnic townships, 181 sumu, 1 ethnic sumu, 6152 subdistricts, and 11 district public offices. is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... The Sumu (Chinese: 苏木; pinyin: sÅ«mù) is a township-level political/administrative divion of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...


In general, urban areas are divided into subdistricts, while rural areas are divided into towns, townships, and ethnic townships. Sumu and ethnic sumu are the same as townships and ethnic townships, but are unique to Inner Mongolia. The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... The Sumu (Chinese: 苏木; pinyin: sÅ«mù) is a township-level political/administrative divion of China. ... The Peoples Republic of China has created, following Soviet nationality policy, a number of administrative divisions designated as autonomous, although many disagree of their actual autonomy. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N...


District public offices are a vestigial level of government. These once represented an extra level of government between the county- and township-levels. Today there are very few of these remaining and they are gradually being phased out. District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...


Village level

The village level serves as an organizational division (census, mail system) and does not have much importance in political representative power. Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal like in the West, but have defined boundaries and designated heads (one per area): The village (Chinese:, pinyin: cun) in China serves as organizational (census, mail system) and not so much importance in political representative power. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community. ...


In urban areas, every subdistrict of a district of a city administers many communities or neighborhoods. Each of them have a neighborhood committee to administer the dwellers of that neighborhood or community. Rural areas are organized into village committees or villager groups. A "village" in this case can either be a natural village, one that spontaneously and naturally exists, or an administrative village, which is a bureaucratic entity. A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ...


Special cases

Although every single administrative division has a clearly defined level associated with it, sometimes an entity may be given more autonomy than its level allows for.


For example, a few of the largest prefecture-level cities are given more autonomy. These are known as sub-provincial cities, meaning that they are given a level of power higher than a prefecture, but still lower than a province. Such cities are half a level higher than what they would normally be. Although these cities still belong to provinces, their special status gives them a high degree of autonomy within their respective provinces. A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ...


A similar case exists with some county-level cities. Some county-level cities are given more autonomy. These cities are known as sub-prefecture-level cities, meaning that they are given a level of power higher than a county, but still lower than a prefecture. Such cities are also half a level higher than what they would normally be. Sub-prefecture-level cities are often not put into any prefecture (i.e. they are directly administered by their province). A sub-prefecture-level city (副地級市), or vice-prefecture-level city, is an administrative division of China. ...


A concrete example is the Pudong District of Shanghai. Although its status as a district of a direct-controlled municipality would define it as prefecture-level, the district head of Pudong is given sub-provincial powers. In other words, it is half a level higher than what it would normally be. Pudong seen from the Bund Pudong (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ), officially known as Pudong New Area (浦東新區, pinyin: Pǔdōng Xīn Qū), is a district of Shanghai, China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ...


Ambiguity of the word "city" in China

Due to the complexity of the political divisions, the Chinese word "市"(shì) or in English "city", have many different meanings.


By its political level, when a "city" is referred, it can be a:

  • LV 1:
  • LV 2:
  • LV 3:
  • Sub-prefecture-level city, for example, Jiyuan
  • County-level city, for example, Yiwu

When used in the statistical data, the word "city" may have three different meanings: A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... “Peking” redirects here. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or deputy-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... This article is about a city. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Baoding prefecture in Hebei province Baoding (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in Hebei province, China. ... A sub-prefecture-level city (副地級市), or vice-prefecture-level city, is an administrative division of China. ... Jiyuan is a city in Henan province, China. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... Yiwu City (Chinese: 义乌 pinyin: yìwÅ«) is a city of about 1,000,000 people in central Zhejiang Province in the Peoples Republic of China. ...

  • The area administrated by the city. For the municipality, the sub-provincial city, or the prefecture-level city, a "city" in this sense includes all of the counties, county-level cities, city districts that the city governed. For the Sub-prefecture-level city or the County-level city, it includes all of the subdistricts, towns and townships that it has.
  • The area comprised by its the urban city districts and suburb city districts. The difference between the urban district and the suburb districts is that an urban district is only comprised by the subdistricts, while a suburb district also have towns and townships to govern rural areas. In some sense, this definition is approximately the metropolitan area. This definition is not applied to the sub-prefecture-level city and the county-level city since they do not have city districts under them.
  • The urban area. Sometimes the urban area is referred as (市区 shìqū). For the municipality, the sub-provincial city, and the prefecture-level city, it is comprised by the urban city district and the adjacent subdistricts of the suburb city districts. For the sub-prefecture-level city and the county-level city, only central subdistricts are included. This definition is close to the strict meaning of "city" in western countries.

It is important to specify the definition of "city" when referring to statistical data of Chinese cities. Otherwise, confusions may arise. For example, Shanghai is the largest city in China by the population in the urban area, but it is a smaller city than Chongqing by the population within the administration area. District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A sub-prefecture-level city (副地級市), or vice-prefecture-level city, is an administrative division of China. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political divisions of China. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political divisions of China. ... A street in Ynysybwl, Wales, relatively stereotypical of a small town A town is usually an urban area which is not considered to rank as a city. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political divisions of China. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political divisions of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ...


History

Main article: History of the political divisions of China

Before the establishment of the Qin Dynasty, China was ruled by a network of kings, nobles, and tribes. The rivalry of these groups culminated in the Warring States Period, and the state of Qin eventually emerged dominant. This article talks about the history of the political divisions of China. ... Qin empire in 210 BC Capital Xianyang Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism Government Monarchy History  - Unification of China 221 BC  - Death of Qin Shi Huangdi 210 BC  - Surrender to Liu Bang 206 BC The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... State of Qin (small seal script, 220 BC) Qin or Chin (Wade-Giles) (秦) (778 BC-207 BC) was a state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods of China. ...


The Qin Dynasty was determined not to allow China to fall back into disunity, and therefore designed the first hierarchical administrative divisions in China, based on two levels: jùn commanderies and xiàn counties. The Han Dynasty that came immediately after added zhōu (usually translated as "provinces") as a third level on top, forming a three-tier structure. Qin empire in 210 BC Capital Xianyang Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism Government Monarchy History  - Unification of China 221 BC  - Death of Qin Shi Huangdi 210 BC  - Surrender to Liu Bang 206 BC The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded... Commandry (British English), or commandery (American English), was the smallest division of the European landed estate or manor under the control of a commendator, or commander, of an order of knights. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... The zhōu (州) was a historical political division of China. ...


The Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty abolished commanderies, and added circuits (dào, later under the Song) on top, maintaining a three-tier system that lasted through the Song Dynasty. (As a second-level division, zhou are translated as "prefectures".) The Mongol-established Yuan Dynasty introduced the modern precursors to provinces, bringing the number of levels to four. This system was then kept more or less intact until the Qing Dynasty, the last imperial dynasty to rule China. The Sui Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; 581-619[1]) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Circuits in the common law In law, a circuit is an appellate judicial district commonly seen in the court systems of many nations. ... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Kaifeng (960–1127) Linan (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960-976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Kaifeng (960–1127) Linan (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960-976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Capital Dadu Language(s) Mongolian Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1260-1294 Kublai Khan  - 1333-1370 (Cont. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Territory of Qing China in 1892 Capital Shengjing (1636-1644) Beijing (1644-1912) Language(s) Chinese Manchu Mongolian Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1636-1643 Huang Taiji  - 1908-1912 Xuantong Emperor Prime Minister  - 1911 Yikuang  - 1911-1912 Yuan Shikai History  - Establishment of the Late...


The Republic of China streamlined the levels to just provinces and counties, and made the first attempt to extend political administration beyond the county level by establishing townships below counties. This was also the system officially adopted by the People's Republic of China in 1949, which defined the administrative divisions of China as three levels: provinces, counties, and townships. For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ...


In practice, however, more levels were inserted. Greater administrative areas were inserted on top of provinces, but they were soon abolished, in 1954. Prefectures were inserted between provinces and counties; they continue be ubiquitously applied to nearly all areas of China. District public offices were inserted between counties and townships; once ubiquitous as well, they are currently being abolished, and very few remain. Greater administrative areas (大行政区 Pinyin: Dàxíngzhèngqū) were early top-level administrative divisions of the Peoples Republic of China that directly governed provinces and municipalities. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...


The most recent developments major developments have been the establishment of Chongqing as a municipality and the creation of Hong Kong and Macau special administrative regions. Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


Reform

In recent years there have been calls to reform the administrative divisions and levels of China. Rumours of an impending major reform have also spread through various online bulletin boards.[citation needed] In recent years there have been calls for reforming the political divisions of China. ...


The abolition of district public offices is an ongoing reform to remove an extra level of administration from between the county and township levels. There have also been calls to abolish the prefecture level, and some provinces have transferred some of the power prefectures currently hold to the counties they govern. There are also calls to reduce the size of the provinces. The ultimate goal is to reduce the different administration levels from five to three, (Provincial, County, Village) reducing the amount of corruption that goes on in between and reducing the number of government workers to reduce budget. District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ...


See also

  • Tiao-kuai

The tiao-kuai (Chinese: 条块; pinyin: ; literally strips and blocks) system, also known as tiáotiáo-kuàikuài (条条块块) to emphasize the plurality, is the quasi-federal arrangement of administration in the Peoples Republic of China. ...

External links

  • Statistics
  • Provincial, prefecture, and county maps (Chinese)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Political divisions of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2942 words)
Most of the provinces of China, with the exception of the provinces in the northeast, have boundaries which were established during the Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
Maps of China published in Taiwan will often show provincial boundaries as they were in 1949 which do not match the current administrative structure as decided by the Communist Party of China post-1949, and include all of the areas claimed by the ROC.
Also, the urban townships and rural townships of the Republic of China are the same as towns and townships of the mainland; the difference is in the translation to English.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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