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Encyclopedia > Political Warfare Executive

During World War II, the Political Warfare Executive (PWE) was a British clandestine body created to produce and disseminate both white and black propaganda, with the aim of damaging enemy morale. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that engulfed much of the globe... Black propaganda is propaganda that purports to be from a source on one side of a conflict, but is actually from the opposing side. ...


The Executive was formed in August 1941, reporting to the Foreign Office. The organisation was governed by a committee initially comprising Anthony Eden (Foreign Secretary), Brendan Bracken (Minister of Information) and Hugh Dalton (Minister of Economic Warfare), together with officials Rex Leeper, Dallas Brooks and Robert Lockhart as chairman (and later Director General). Roundell Palmer (the future 3rd Earl of Selbourne) later replaced Dalton when he was moved to become President of the Board of Trade. Ivone Kirkpatrick, an advisor to the BBC and formerly a diplomat in Berlin, also joined the committee, while Leeper left to become British Ambassador to Greece. 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for promoting the interests of the United Kingdom abroad. ... The Right Honourable Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC (12 June 1897–14 January 1977), British politician, was Foreign Secretary during World War II and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1950s. ... Brendan Bracken (1901 - 1958) was an Irish-born British Conservative cabinet minister. ... Edward Hugh John Neale Dalton, Baron Dalton, generally known as Hugh Dalton (1887-1962) was a British Labour Party politician, and Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1945 to 1947. ... The President of the Board of Trade the title of a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. ...


PWE included staff from the Ministry of Information, the propaganda elements of the Special Operations Executive, and from the BBC. The Special Operations Executive (SOE), often called the Baker Street Irregulars after Sherlock Holmess fictional group of spies, was a World War II organisation initiated by Winston Churchill and Hugh Dalton in July 1940 as a mechanism for conducting warfare by means other than direct military engagement. ... Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national broadcaster of the United Kingdom. ...


The main forms of propaganda were in the form of radio broadcasts and printed postcards, leaflets and documents. PWE created a number of radio stations including Gustav Siegfried Eins, Soldatensender Calais and Kurzwellesender Atlantik. In order to deliver its subversive messages, PWE also disseminated reliable news and information on events in Germany and the occupied countries, gathering intelligence from other services and agencies, including POW interrogations, and newspapers obtained from occupied countries, and bombing raid photo analysis. This latter source was used to broadcast lists of streets (and even individual houses) that had been destroyed, and on occasion to mock up faked "real time" reports of actual raids. Gustav Siegfried Eins was a British black propaganda radio station during World War II operated by the Political Warfare Executive. ... Soldatensender Calais was a British black propaganda broadcaster during the Second World War operated by the Political Warfare Executive. ... Soldatensender Calais was a British black propaganda broadcaster during the Second World War operated by the Political Warfare Executive. ... Subversion is an overturning or uprooting. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


Bibliography

  • The Secret History of PWE - Political Warfare Executive 1939-1945, (St Ermins Press, 2002), David Garnett. ISBN 1903608082
  • The Fourth Arm - Psychological Warfare 1938-45, (Davis-Poynter, 1977), Charles Cruickshank. ISBN 0706702123
  • The Black Game - British Subversive Operations Against the Germans During the Second World War, (Michael Joseph, 1982), Ellic Howe. ISBN 0718117182

See also

British military history is a long and varied topic, extending from the prehistoric and ancient historic period, through the Roman invasions of Julius Cæsar and Claudius and subsequent Roman occupation; warfare in the Mediaeval period, including the invasions of the Saxons and the Vikings in the Dark Ages, the... The United Kingdom, along with France, declared war on Nazi Germany in 1939 as part of the United Kingdoms pledge to defend Poland to the invasion of Poland. ... Shortcut: UK topics This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ...

External links

  • PsyWar.Org - Black Propaganda and propaganda leaflets database: A website with various articles on black propaganda and psychological warfare. The site has an extensive library of propaganda leaflets from WWI to the present day.
  • The PsyWar Society: The website for the PsyWar Society - an international organisation for psychological warfare historians and collectors of aerial propaganda leaflets.
  • WW2 propaganda leaflets: A website about airdropped, shelled or rocket fired propaganda leaflets. Many by PWE.
  • CLUTCH PWE website
  • Sefton Delmer Black Propaganda Website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Political Warfare Executive - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (563 words)
During World War II, the Political Warfare Executive (PWE) was a British clandestine body created to produce and disseminate both white and fl propaganda, with the aim of damaging enemy morale and sustaining the morale of the Occupied countries.
PWE included staff from the Ministry of Information, the propaganda elements of the Special Operations Executive, and from the BBC.
At the end of WWII PWE were tasked with the re-education of German Prisoners of War.
Propaganda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7362 words)
In the early 20th century the term propaganda was also used by the founders of the nascent public relations industry to describe their activities; this usage died out around the time of World War II, as the industry started to avoid the word, given the pejorative connotation it had acquired.
It was formerly common for political organizations, as it had started to be for the advertising and public relations industry, to refer to their own material as propaganda.
Such permeating propaganda may be used for political goals: by giving citizens a false impression of the quality or policies of their country, they may be incited to reject certain proposals or certain remarks or ignore the experience of others.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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