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Encyclopedia > Polish American
Polish American



Kazimierz Pułaski • Warner BrothersMartha Stewart
Karol BobkoJan KarskiWachowski brothers
Jane KrakowskiDan MarinoSteve Wozniak
Total population

10,000,000
3% of US population
Download high resolution version (944x1387, 319 KB)Kazimierz Pułaski. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 622 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (671 × 647 pixel, file size: 120 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Martha Stewart Polish American Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Karol_Bobko. ... Jan Karski, 1944. ... Photo submitted for public view here http://www. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 491 KB) Licensing Dan Marino preparing for a ESPN interview. ... Steve Wozniak poses for a photograph at his home. ... Kazimierz PuÅ‚aski. ... Warner Bros. ... Martha Stewart (born Martha Helen Kostyra on August 3, 1941) is an American business magnate, author, editor and homemaking advocate. ... Karol J. Bobko (Colonel, USAF, Ret. ... Before a wall map of the Warsaw Ghetto at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Jan Karski recalls his secret 1942 missions into the Nazi prison-city-within-a-city. ... Laurence Larry Wachowski (born June 21, 1965) and Andrew Andy Wachowski (born December 29, 1967) are American film directors and writers most famous for creating The Matrix series. ... Jane Krakowski (née Krajkowski, born October 11, 1968 in Parsippany, New Jersey) is a Tony Award-winning American actress and singer. ... Daniel Constantine Marino, Jr. ... Stephan Gary Woz Wozniak (born August 11, 1950 in San Jose, California) is an American computer engineer and the co-founder of Apple Computer (now Apple Inc. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Regions with significant populations
Northeast, Midwest
Language(s)
American English, Polish
Religion(s)
Predominantly Roman Catholic with Protestant, Eastern Orthodox and other minorities

A Polish American is an American citizen of Polish descent. There are an estimated 10 million Americans of Polish descent. Map of the US northeast. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ...


More than one million Poles immigrated to the United States, primarily during the late 19th and early 20th century. Exact immigration numbers are unknown because, due to the partitions of Poland, the Polish state did not exist at a time when the precursor to the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service classified immigrants according to country of origin rather than to ethnicity. In particular, the three partitions gave rise to the terms Russian, German, and Austrian Poles, Polish Germans, respectively, as seen in the context of Polish immigration to the United States. According to the United States 2000 Census, 667,414 Americans of age 5 years and older reported Polish as the language spoken at home, which is about 1.4% of people who speak languages other than English, or 0.25% of the U.S. population. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) was a part of the United States Department of Justice which used to handle legal and illegal immigration and naturalization. ... This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Polish-Germans refers to connections between German and Polish descent. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

Contents

History

Kazimierz Pułaski monument in Washington.

The first Polish immigrants arrived in America in 1608 at Jamestown, Virginia. In 1770 Jacob Sadowski settled in New York, and his sons were among the first white men to penetrate as far as Kentucky. It is said that Sandusky, Ohio, was named after him.[1] Download high resolution version (588x818, 168 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (588x818, 168 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Kazimierz PuÅ‚aski. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbor. ... Location within the state of Ohio Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Founded 1816 Government  - Mayor Area  - Total 22. ...


As Poland lost its independence at the end of the 18th century through the three partitions, Polish patriots, among them Kazimierz Pułaski and Tadeusz Kościuszko, left for America to fight for American Independence. The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Kazimierz PuÅ‚aski. ... KoÅ›ciuszko redirects here. ... This article is about military actions only. ...


The largest wave of Polish immigration to America occurred in the early 20th century. Officially, more than 1.5 million Polish immigrants were processed at Ellis Island between 1899 and 1931. In addition, many Polish immigrants arrived at the port of Baltimore. Estimating the actual number of Polish immigrants is complicated by Poland's history of frequent division among neighboring countries. In the early 21st century, Poland ranks 10th as a source of illegal immigrants to the U.S., with an estimated 70,000 having arrived there. [2] Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main entry facility for immigrants entering the United States from January 1, 1892 until November 12, 1954. ...


Between 1870 and 1914, more than 3.6 million people departed Polish territories (of whom 2.6 arrived in the U.S.).[3] Serfdom was abolished in Prussia in 1808, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1848 and Czarist Russia in 1861. In the late 19th century the beginnings of industrialization and commercial agriculture, and a population boom that exhausted available land, transformed Polish peasant-farmers, once considered an immovable fixture of the land, into migrant-laborers. Pressures of industrialization drove them to emigrate. For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...


Initially, Polish emigrants came mainly from the German section of the partition, where they were targeted by Bismarck’s anti-Catholic Kulturkampf. After 1900, German Poles were outnumbered by immigrants from Austrian and Russian Poland. Bismarck redirects here. ... The German term Kulturkampf (literally, culture struggle) refers to German policies in relation to secularity and the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Chancellor of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck. ...


The Russian section of the partition, Congress Poland, also was undergoing considerable industrialization, particularly the textile capital of Łódź (the Manchester of Imperial Russia), and the iron-foundries of Piotrków. The decline of these areas after the Russo-Japanese War and the 1905 Revolution, led to a mass exodus of laborers, first to Germany, Denmark, and France, and, eventually, to the U.S., Canada, Brazil and Argentina. At its peak, in 1912-13, annual emigration to the U.S. from the Polish provinces of the Russian Empire exceeded 112,345 (including large numbers of Jews, Lithuanians, and Byelorussians). Map of Congress Poland. ... Motto: Ex navicula navis (From a boat, a ship) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Łódź City Rights 1423 Government  - Mayor Jerzy Kropiwnicki Area  - City 293. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Piotrków Trybunalski is a town in central Poland with 81,200 inhabitants (2004). ... Combatants Russian Empire Principality of Montenegro [1] Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov â€  Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo The Russo–Japanese War (Japanese: Nichi-Ro Sensō, Russian: Russko-Yaponskaya Voyna, Chinese: RìézhànzhÄ“ng, February 10, 1904–September 5, 1905) was a conflict... (Redirected from 1905 Revolution) The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a country-wide spasm of anti-government and undirected violence. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... Lithuanians are the Baltic ethnic group native to Lithuania, where they number a little over 3 million [8]. Another million or more make up the Lithuanian diaspora, largely found in countries such as the United States, Brazil, Canada and Russia. ... Belarusians, also spelt Belarusans, Belarussians, Byelorussians and Belorussians are a distinct ethnic group of East Slavs who are the major population of Belarus, also being minorities in the neighboring Poland (especially former Bialystok province), Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. ...


In the Polish provinces of Austrian Galicia, chiefly rural but with laborers in the mines and factories of Bohemia, Silesia, Moravia and Lower Austria, land shortages, crop failures and the loosening of travel restrictions led to another exodus, mainly to Germany, Austria proper, France and the United States. [4] The 1910 US census recorded more than 900,000 new immigrants who spoke Polish.[5] For other uses, see Galicia. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Ślůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... For other uses, see Moravia (disambiguation). ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ...


According to the United States 2000 Census, 667,414 Americans of age 5 years and older reported Polish as the language spoken at home, which is about 1.4% of people who speak languages other than English, or 0.25% of the U.S. population. The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Occupations

Polish immigrants working on the farm, 1909.

Lopata (1976) argues that Poles differed from most ethnics in America in several ways. First, they did not plan to remain permanently and become "Americanized." Instead they came temporarily to earn money, invest in property, and wait for the right opportunity to return to Poland. Their intention was to buy land there to ensure them of a desirable social status within the familiar world of a limited reference group. The coming of World War I in 1914 made return almost impossible. By the end of the war when travel became possible again, many of the temporary migrants had decided to become permanent Americans. After Poland became separated from Russia in 1920 and was building a strong country again, many Poles tried to return. Since all the ills of life in Poland could be blamed on foreign occupation, the immigrants did not resent the Polish upper classes as much as the immigrants of other European countries detested the top layers of their home countries. Their relation with the mother country was, in fact, unique. It strongly influenced Polonia's life. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5000x3625, 1926 KB) Other versions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Polish American ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5000x3625, 1926 KB) Other versions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Polish American ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Official estimates were that 30% of the emigrants from the Russian provinces of Poland-Lithuania returned home. The return rate for non-Jews was closer to 50-60%. More than two-thirds of emigrants from Austrian Galicia to the U.S. returned.[6] Russian and Austrian Poles came from areas oriented to a feudal society, where classless Jews performed the essential middle roles of artisans, merchants and moneylenders.


American employers considered Polish immigrants better suited than Italians for arduous manual labor in coal-mines, slaughterhouses, and steel mills, particularly in the primary stages of steel manufacture. Consequently, Polish migrants were recruited for work in the coal mines of Pennsylvania and the heavy industries (steel mills, iron foundries, slaughterhouses, oil and sugar refineries) of the Great Lakes cities of Chicago, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Buffalo, Milwaukee, and Cleveland. This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Cleveland redirects here. ...

The Gateway Theatre, seat of the Copernicus Foundation in Jefferson Park. The Baroque spire is modeled on Warsaw's Royal Castle.

The Gateway Theatre, now part of the Copernicus Cultural and Civic Center in the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States , is the sole surviving atmospheric-style theatre in the Chicagoland area. ... The Copernicus Foundation (referred to in Polish as Fundacja Kopernikowska) is a 501(c)(3) not for profit organization based in the Jefferson Park area of Chicago, Illinois. ... Jefferson Park located on the northwest side of Chicago, USA, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... you such ass Royal Castle, Warsaw. ...

Polish communities as part of urban America

Bobak's Polish supermarket in Chicago.

One of the most notable of the Polish American communities is in Chicago, Illinois, and its surrounding suburbs. The Almanac of American Politics 2004 states that "Even today, in Archer Heights (a neighborhood of Chicago), you can scarcely go a block without hearing someone speaking Polish" It is widely believed that Boothwyn, Pennsylvania is one of he largest growing Polish communities in the United States. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... The Almanac of American Politics is a reference work published biennially by the National Journal Group. ... Archer Heights is a primarily working class neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois. ...


There are about 10 million Americans of Polish descent. Chicago bills itself as the largest Polish city outside of Poland, with approximately 185,000 Polish speakers.[7]. Chicago's Polish presence is demonstrated by the numerous Polish-American organizations: Polish Museum of America, the Polish American Association, the Polish National Alliance and the Polish Highlander's Alliance of North America. In Illinois more than one million people are of Polish descent, the third largest ethnic group after Germans and Irish. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Polish (jÄ™zyk polski, polszczyzna) is the official language of Poland. ... Poles in Chicago are people living in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States who have citizenship or ancestral connections to the country of Poland. ... The Polish Museum of America is located in West Town, in what had been the historical Polish Downtown neighborhood of Chicago. ... The Polish American Association (PAA) is Chicago’s only non-profit human services agency that serves the diverse needs of the Polish immigrant community by providing resources for changing lives. ... The Polish National Alliance (pol. ... The seat of the Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America along Archer avenue just northwest of its intersection with Pulaski The Polish Highlanders Alliance of America (pl. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


Chicago's Polish Community is concentrated along the city's Northwest and Southwest Sides along Milwaukee and Archer avenues, respectively. Chicago's Taste of Polonia festival is celebrated at the Copernicus Foundation in Jefferson Park every Labor Day weekend. Nearly 3 million people of polish descent live in the area between Chicago and Detroit. The neighborhoods of Chicago are less well-defined than Chicagos seventy-seven community areas. ... The neighborhoods of Chicago are less well-defined than Chicagos seventy-seven community areas. ... Milwaukee Avenue is a major diagonal street in the city of Chicago. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Taste of Polonia is a Chicago neighborhood festival held at the Copernicus Cultural and Civic Center in the Jefferson Park community area of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States every Labor Day weekend since 1979. ... The Copernicus Foundation (referred to in Polish as Fundacja Kopernikowska) is a 501(c)(3) not for profit organization based in the Jefferson Park area of Chicago, Illinois. ... Jefferson Park located on the northwest side of Chicago, USA, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... This article is about the holiday in the United States. ...


Further north along Lake Michigan's coast, Milwaukee's Polish population has always been overshadowed by the city's more prominent German inhabitants. Nevertheless the city's once numerous Polish community built a number of magnificent Polish Cathedrals among them the magnificent St. Josaphat Basilica and St. Stanislaus. The city is also home to Polish Fest, the largest Polish festival in the United States, where Polish Americans from all over Wisconsin and nearby Chicago come to celebrate Polish Culture through music, food and entertainment.[8] Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Polish Cathedral style. ... The Basilica of St. ... Stanisław Szczepanowski (Stanislaus of Szczepanów; b. ... A costumed couple pose in front of Syrena the Warsaw mermaid Polish Fest is an annual ethnic festival held at the Henry Maier Festival Park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... Polish-American refers to American citizens of Polish descent. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Michigan's Polish population of more than 850,000 is third behind that of New York and Illinois. Polish Americans make up 8.6% of Michigan's total population. The city of Detroit had a very large Polish community, which historically settled in Poletown and Hamtramck. Poletown was cleared of residents to make way for the General Motors Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly plant. Much of Hamtramck's Polish population moved on to suburbs and have been replaced by Arab American and African American citizens. This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Poletown was a section of Detroit, Michigan neighboring the enclave city of Hamtramck, Michigan. ... Hamtramck is a city located in Wayne County, Michigan in the United States of America. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is a multinational corporation headquartered in the United States and has been the worlds largest and most dominant automaker since 1931 till the second half of 2007, surpassed by Toyota; as well as the global industry sales leader for 77 years. ... Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly is a General Motors automobile factory in Hamtramck, Michigan. ...


The Polish influence is still felt throughout the entire Metro Detroit area, especially the suburb of Wyandotte, which is slowly emerging as the major center of Polish American activities in the state. An increase in new immigration from Poland is helping to bolster the parish community of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and a host of Polish American civic organizations located within the city of Wyandotte. The northern suburb of Orchard Lake is also home to the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame, which includes greats such as Stan Musial and Mike Krzyzewski. The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... Wyandotte is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Orchard Lake Village is a city located in Oakland County, Michigan. ... Stan Musials number 6 was retired by the St. ... Michael William Krzyzewski (; in American English transliteration shuh-shef-skee; born February 13, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois), often referred to as Coach K due to the difficult pronunciation of his surname, is the head coach of the Duke University mens basketball team. ...


The city of Cleveland, Ohio has a large Polish community, especially in historic Slavic Village as part of its Warszawa Section. Poles from this part of Cleveland migrated to suburbs such as Garfield Heights, Parma, and Seven Hills. The more affluent of Cleveland's Polish community live in Brecksville, Independence, and Broadview Heights. Many of these Poles return to their Polish roots by attending masses at St. Stanislaus Church on East 65th Street and Baxter Avenues. Poles in Cleveland celebrate the annual Harvest Festival, which is usually held at the end of August. It features polka music, Polish food, and all things Polish. Cleveland redirects here. ... Slavic Village is a predominantly Eastern European neighborhood in Cleveland, Ohio. ... Garfield Heights is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ... Parma is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio in Cuyahoga County and is the largest suburb of Cleveland. ... Seven Hills is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ... Brecksville is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ... Broadview Heights is a city located in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. ... St. ... Street musicians in Prague playing a polka Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. ...


Cleveland's other Polish section is in Tremont, located in Cleveland's west side. The home parish is St. John Cantius or St. John Kanty. They too host events in Cleveland for Polish celebrations. Tremont is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. ...

Poles in Cleveland were instrumental in forming Third Federal Savings and Loan in 1938. After seeing fellow Poles discriminated against by Cleveland's banks, Ben Stefanski formed Third Federal. Today the Stefanski family still controls the bank. Unlike Cleveland's Keybank and National City, which have their headquarters in Downtown Cleveland, Third Federal is on Broadway Avenue in the Slavic Village neighborhood. Third Federal S & L is in the top 25 saving and loan institutions in the United States. In 2003, they acquired a Florida banking company and have branches in Florida and Ohio. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 451 pixelsFull resolution (1962 × 1107 pixel, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 451 pixelsFull resolution (1962 × 1107 pixel, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District. ... Little Poland is an informal name for part of a neighborhood in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Key Bank is a bank headquartered in the Key Tower in Cleveland, Ohio. ... National City is the name of several places in the United States of America: National City, California National City, Illinois National City, Michigan National City Corporation. ... Panorama of Cleveland in 1909 Downtown Cleveland in 2006 Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of the City of Cleveland and Northeast Ohio. ... Slavic Village is a predominantly Eastern European neighborhood in Cleveland, Ohio. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


Other industrial cities with major Polish communities include Buffalo, a city whose Polish neighborhood dispersed into suburbs and became integrated; Philadelphia, Columbus, Boston, Baltimore, New Britain, Connecticut, Portland, Minneapolis,Los Angeles, Rochester, San Francisco and Pittsburgh. Despite the lack of new large-scale Polish immigration, some cities are emerging with strong Polish American communities. South Bend, Indiana has a large Polish population for a mid-sized city. Milwaukee and Denver experienced major increases in their Polish populations during the last 10 years. There is also a tendency among Poles from Chicago and Greenpoint, Brooklyn to move to Florida. Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Nickname: Location within the state of Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA Region Incorporated (town) 1850 Incorporated (city) 1870 Consolidated 1905 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Timothy T. Stewart Area  - Total 34. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the city of Rochester in Monroe County. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


Luzerne County in northeastern Pennsylvania is the only county in the United States where a plurality of residents state their ancestry as Polish. See Maps of American ancestries. This includes the cities of Wilkes-Barre, Pittston, Hazelton, and Nanticoke. Many of the immigrants were drawn to this area because of the mining of Anthracite coal in the region. Polish influences are common today in the form of church bazaars, polka music, and polish foods. Luzerne County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... By county. ... Wilkes-Barre (pronounced wilkes-berry or wilkes-bear, and most often by non-natives as wilkes-bar) is a city located in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. ... A small city located between Scranton and Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. ... Anthracite coal Anthracite (Greek Ανθρακίτης, literally a form of coal, from Anthrax [Άνθραξ], coal) is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a high luster. ... Street musicians in Prague playing a polka Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. ...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Basilica of St. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Polish Cathedral style. ...

Religion

Most immigrants to North America from the Polish lands who considered themselves Polish in ethnic or national orientation were Roman Catholic. These people were responsible for building the Polish Cathedrals found in the Great Lakes, New England, and Middle Atlantic regions of North America. Poles in the Cleveland metropolitan area founded the following churches: St. Stanislaus, St. John Kanty, Immaculate Heart of Mary, St. Hyacinth, St. Lawrence, Sacred Heart of Jesus, Our Lady of Czestochowa, St. Timothy (Garfield Heights), Ss. Peter and Paul (Garfield Heights), St. Therese, St. Monica (Garfield Heights), as well as Marymount Hospital (Garfield Heights). North American redirects here. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them from other groups. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Polish Cathedral style. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... North American redirects here. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


To assert their independence from the Irish-dominated American Catholic Church, a group of Roman Catholics of Polish descent broke away to form the Polish National Catholic Church, which is headquartered in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European island of Ireland. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Polish National Catholic Church (PNCC) is a Christian church founded and based in the United States by Polish-Americans who were Roman Catholic. ... Scranton redirects here. ...


A small group of Polish Muslims of Lipka Tatar origin from the Bialystok region helped cofound the first Muslim organization in Brooklyn, New York in 1907 and later a mosque which is still in use.[9] The GdaÅ„sk masjid The first noticeable presence of Islam in Poland began in the 14th century. ... The Lipka Tatars were a noble military caste of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth who followed the Sunni branch of the Islamic religion and whose origins can be traced back to the Mongol Empire of Ghengis Khan, through the Khanate of the White Horde of Siberia. ... Białystok (pronounce: [bȋa:wistɔk]) (Belarusian: Беласток, Lithuanian: Balstogė) is the largest city (pop. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


Polish American culture

Cultural contributions of Polish Americans extend from Polish dance classes; Polish newspapers, like Dziennik Zwiazkowy in Chicago or Nowy Dziennik in New York; several TV stations like international TVP Polonia or Polsat 2 International; and culture groups like the White Eagle Lodge and Polish Falcons of America; to the wider appeal of Polish foods, such as kiełbasa (Polish sausage), babka, or pierogi. Even in long-integrated communities, remnants of Polish culture and vocabulary remain. Roman Catholic churches established by Polish American communities often serve as a vehicle for cultural retention. Dziennik ZwiÄ…zkowy or Polish Daily News, the largest and the oldest Polish language newspaper in the United States, established in 1908 in Chicago as an organ of the fraternal organization, the Polish National Alliance, and from that time published without break until today, making it the oldest Polish language... TVP Polonia (commonly known also as TV Polonia or Telewizja Polonia) is the international channel of the Telewizja Polska (TVP) , Polish public TV broadcaster. ... Polsat 2 International is a general interest channel that launched on March 1, 1997 and is owned by Polsat Group. ... The White Eagle Lodge is a United Kingdom-based spiritualist group founded by the medium Grace Cooke on February 22, 1936, who claimed to channel her spirit guide, White Eagle. ... Category: ... Wiejska kielbasa Various brands of kielbasa Kielbasa (in English usually pronounced or ; in Polish spelled kieÅ‚basa and pronounced (help· info) is the generic Polish word for sausage. ... Babka Babka (бабка), also known as baba (баба), is a sweet spongy yeast cake that is traditionally baked for Easter Sunday. ... Pierogi frying A plateful of Pierogi Pierogi (also perogi, perogy, pirohi, piroghi, pirogi, pirogen, piroshke or pyrohy), from the Proto-Slavic pir (festivity) is the name most commonly used in English speaking areas to refer to a variety of Slavic semicircular (or, in some cuisines, square) stuffed dumplings of unleavened...


During the 1950s-1970s, the Polish wedding was often an all-day event. Traditional Polish weddings in Chicagoland, in areas such as the southeast side of Chicago, inner suburbs like Calumet City, and Hegewisch, and northwest Indiana suburbs such as Whiting, Hammond, and East Chicago, always occurred on Saturdays. The receptions were typically held in a large hall, such as a VFW Hall. A polka band of drums, singer, accordion, and trumpet entertained the people as they danced traditional dances such as the oberek, "Polish Hop," and the waltz. Always an important part of Slavic culture, food played a very important role. The musicians as well as the guests were expected to enjoy ample amounts of both food and drink. Foods such as Polish sausage, sauerkraut, pierogi, and kluski were common foods. Common drinks were beer, screwdrivers, and highballs. Chicagoland is an informal name for the Chicago metropolitan area, used primarily by copywriters, advertising agencies, native residents, and traffic reporters. ...


The Polish community was long the subject of anti-Polonism in America. Much of it was associated with a more generalized anti-Catholicism and early 20th century worries about being overrun by Eastern European immigrants in general. This has become less common recently. Germans execute Poles against a prison wall, Leszno, Poland, October 1939. ... Anti-Catholicism is discrimination, hostility or prejudice directed at Catholics or the Catholic Church. ... Eastern Europe is, by convention, a region defined geographically as that part of Europe covering the eastern part of the continent. ...


Bibliography

  • Anders-Silverman, Deborah. Polish-American Folklore. U of Illinois Press, 2000.
  • Andrzej Brozek. Polish Americans, 1854-1939 (1985)
  • John J. Bukowczyk. And My Children Did Not Know Me: A History of the Polish-Americans (1987)
  • John J. Bukowczyk, ed. Polish Americans and Their History. U of Pittsburgh Press, 1996.
  • William J. Galush. For More Than Bread: Community and Identity in American Polonia, 1880-1940, (East European Monographs, distributed by Columbia University Press; 313 pages; 2007). Explores competing versions of Polish identity in Polish-American communities during the period.
  • Thomas S. Gladsky; Princes, Peasants and Other Polish Selves: Ethnicity in American Literature. (1992), ISBN 0870237756. online version
  • David J. Jackson; "Just Another Day in a New Polonia: Contemporary Polish-American Polka Music." Popular Music and Society. 26#4 (2003) pp: 529+. online version
  • Helena Znaniecka Lopata; Polish Americans: Status Competition in an Ethnic Community (1976), ISBN 0136864368. online version
  • Theresa Kurk Mcginley; "Embattled Polonia Polish-Americans and World War II." East European Quarterly. 37#3 2003. pp: 325+. online version
  • Karen Majewski. Traitors and True Poles: Narrating a Polish-American Identity, 1880-1939, (2003) - 248 pages
  • Jacek Nowakowski. Polish-American Ways (1989)
  • Pula, James S. Polish Americans: An Ethnic Community (1995)
  • Pula, James S. "Image, Status, Mobility and Integration in American Society: The Polish Experience." Journal of American Ethnic History 16 (1996): 74-95.
  • Charles Sadler, "Pro-Soviet Polish Americans: Oskar Lange and Russia's Friends in the Polonia, 1941-1945," Polish Review 22, (1977), 4: 30+
  • Deborah Silverman. Polish-American Folklore (2000)
  • William Thomas and Florian Znaniecki. The Polish Peasant in Europe and America. 2 vol 1920, ISBN 0252010922 (1984 printing). ; famous classic online edition
  • Joseph A. Wytrwal. Poles in American History and Tradition (1969),
  • Joseph L. Zurawski, Polish American History and Culture: A Classified Bibliography (1975)

Appendix 1: Polish American communities

Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Connecticut Coordinates: , NECTA Region Incorporated (town) 1850 Incorporated (city) 1870 Consolidated 1905 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Timothy T. Stewart Area  - Total 34. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: , Country State County Lake Incorporated 1884 Government  - Mayor Thomas McDermott, Jr. ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: , Country State County Lake Area  - Total 33. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Munster is a town in Lake County, Indiana, United States. ... This article is about the city in Indiana, US. For other uses of the name South Bend, see South Bend (disambiguation). ... Whiting is a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Bridgeview is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Demographics As of the census2 of 2000, there are 19,085 people, 7,536 households, and 5,034 families residing in the village. ... Incorporated City in 1970. ... Calumet City is a city located in Cook County, Illinois. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Archer Heights is a primarily working class neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois. ... Avondale aka Jackowo is one of 77 officially designated Chicago, IL community areas. ... Jackowo ( pronounced yahtskovo ) which means Hyacinth in Polish is one of Chicagos largest and most vibrant Polish neighborhoods. ... Avondale aka Jackowo is one of 77 officially designated Chicago, IL community areas. ... Belmont Cragin is a neighborhood located on the Northwest Side of Chicago, Illinois. ... Forest Glen, one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois, located in Jefferson Township, on the citys Northwest Side. ... The southeasternmost neighborhood in Chicago, home of a South Shore Line Commuter Rail Station, Categories: Substubs ... Jefferson Park located on the northwest side of Chicago, USA, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... Logan Square is a community area located on the northwest side of Chicago. ... Portage Park is a neighborhood located on the northwest side of Chicago, Illinois. ... West Town is a community area located on the west side of Chicago, Illinois. ... Chicago Heights is a city located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Incorporated Town in 1869. ... Incorporated City in 1925. ... Du Bois is a village located in Washington County, Illinois. ... Incorporated Village in 1914. ... Harwood Heights is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Incorporated City in 1834. ... Incorporated Village in 1873. ... Lyons is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Naperville is a city in DuPage and Will counties in Illinois in the United States, voted the second best place to live in the United States by Money Magazine in 2006. ... Norridge is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Incorporated Village in 1909. ... The City of Park Ridge The city of Park Ridge is an affluent suburb of Chicago in Cook County in the United States. ... River Grove is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... Willow Springs is a village located in Cook County, Illinois. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Boston redirects here. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mural in South Boston saying Welcome to South Boston in English and Fáilte go mBoston dheas in Irish. ... Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Hampden County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1848 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael D. Bissonnette Area  - City  23. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1624 Incorporated 1739 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - City Manager Jay Ash Area  - City  2. ... Deerfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... Hatfield is a town located in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Hampden County Settled 1751 Incorporated 1775 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  28. ... Montgomery is a town located in Hampden County, Massachusetts. ...   Palmer is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Hampden Settled 1636 Incorporated 1852 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Charles Ryan (D) Area  - Total 33. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1713 Incorporated 1832 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Town    Administrator Raymond W. Houle, Jr. ... For other uses, see Worcester (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Bronson is a city located in west central Branch County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Poletown was a section of Detroit, Michigan neighboring the enclave city of Hamtramck, Michigan. ... Hamtramck is a city in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Huron County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Lincoln is a village located in Alcona County, Michigan. ... Parisville, Michigan is an unincorporated community in Paris Township of Huron County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Posen is a village located in Presque Isle County, Michigan. ... Sterling Heights is a city in Macomb County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Ubly is a village in Huron County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Wyandotte is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Alberta is a city located in Stevens County, Minnesota. ... Columbia Heights is a city located in Anoka County, Minnesota. ... Northeast is a community in Minneapolis. ... Swan River Township is a township in Morrison County, Minnesota, United States. ... Winona is the county seat of Winona County6. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Eureka is a city located in St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... Loup City is a city located in Sherman County, Nebraska. ... Sherman County is a county located in the state of Nebraska. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Bayonne is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, south of Jersey City. ... Map of Clifton in Passaic County Clifton is a city in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. ... East Brunswick is an suburban township located in Middlesex County, New Jersey. ... Map highlighting Garfields location within Bergen County. ... Manville is a borough located in Somerset County, New Jersey. ... South Amboy highlighted in Middlesex County South Amboy is a City in Middlesex County, New Jersey, on the Raritan Bay. ... Map of Union Township in Union County Union is a Township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Trenton inside of Mercer County Coordinates: , Country State County Mercer Incorporated November 13, 1792 Government  - Mayor Douglas H. Palmer Area  - City  8. ... Map highlighting Wallingtons location within Bergen County. ... This article is about the state. ... Sloan is a village located in Erie County, New York. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... Cheektowaga redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ... Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District. ... Maspeth is a small community in the borough of Queens in New York City. ... A typical residential street in Jackson Heights. ... The approximate area of the neighborhood of New Dorp on Staten Island is shown highlighted in orange. ... New York Mills is a village in Oneida County, New York, USA. The population was 3,191 at the 2000 census. ... Utica, New York is a city in the state of New York, and the county seat of Oneida County. ... Copiague (pronounced /KOH payg/) is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York, United States. ... The Riverhead is a hamlet in the Town of Riverhead in Suffolk County, New York. ... Watervliet is a city located in Albany County, New York. ... Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... Aerial view of Dunkirk, New York. ... Pulaski is a village located in Oswego County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,398. ... Amsterdam, New York is the name of two locations in Montgomery County, New York. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... Position within Erie County. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Warsaw is an unincorporated hamlet in Walsh County, North Dakota, in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Garfield Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. ... Parma is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio in Cuyahoga County and is the largest suburb of Cleveland. ... Brecksville is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, twenty miles south of the county seat of Cleveland. ... Cuyahoga Heights is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. ... Slavic Village is a predominantly Eastern European neighborhood in Cleveland, Ohio. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio Location of Toledo within Lucas County, Ohio. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Look up Portland in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Port Richmond is a neighborhood in the Near Northeast section of the United States city Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Dickson City is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, 4 miles (7 km) north of Scranton. ... Dupont is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania which neighbors the city of Wilkes-Barre. ... Duryea is a borough located in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. ... “Erie” redirects here. ... Glen Lyon is a census-designated place located in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. ... Kulpmont is a borough located in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. ... Nanticoke is a city in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Newport is a borough located in Perry County, Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... Scranton redirects here. ... Wilkes-Barre (IPA: , , or [1]) is the central city of the Wyoming Valley and county seat of Luzerne County in northeastern Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Shenandoah is a borough located in the lower part of the Coal Region, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania It is 105 miles (169 km) northwest of Philadelphia. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Map of the city 1873 Brenham is a city situated in Central Texas in Washington County, Texas, United States, with a population of 13,507 according to the 2000 census. ... Chappell Hill is situated in the southeast portion of Washington County, Texas, USA, which lies halfway between Houston and Austin on U.S. Highway 290. ... Panna Maria (Virgin Mary in Polish). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Alban is a town located in Portage County, Wisconsin. ... Angelica is a town located in Shawano County, Wisconsin. ... This page refers to the city of Arcadia. ... Bevent is a town located in Marathon County, Wisconsin. ... Buena Vista means good view in the Spanish language. ... Carson is a town located in Portage County, Wisconsin. ... Dewey is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Wisconsin: Dewey, Burnett County, Wisconsin Dewey, Portage County, Wisconsin Dewey, Rusk County, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Green Bay is the county seat of Brown County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... Hull is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Wisconsin: Hull, Marathon County, Wisconsin Hull, Portage County, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Independence is a city located in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin. ... Location of Kenosha within Wisconsin Coordinates: , Country State County Kenosha Settled 1836 Government  - Mayor John M. Antaramian Area  - City 24. ... Linwood is a town located in Portage County, Wisconsin. ... Lublin is a village located in Taylor County, Wisconsin. ... Maple Grove is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Wisconsin: Maple Grove, Barron County, Wisconsin Maple Grove, Manitowoc County, Wisconsin Maple Grove, Shawano County, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... There is also the Town of Pulaski in Iowa County. ... Reid is a town located in Marathon County, Wisconsin. ... Rietbrock is a town located in Marathon County, Wisconsin. ... Rosholt is a village located in Portage County, Wisconsin. ... There is also a Town of Sharon in Portage County. ... Stockton is a town located in Portage County, Wisconsin. ... Stevens Point, Wisconsin is a town in Central Wisconsin. ... Portage County is a county located in the state of Wisconsin. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Thorp is a city in Clark County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... Weyerhaeuser is a village located in Rusk County, Wisconsin. ... Whiting is a village located in Portage County, Wisconsin. ...

Appendix 2: Polish Americans by state totals

Distribution of Polish Americans according to the 2000 census

According to the United States 2000 Census, American states with the largest numbers of self-reported Poles and Americans of Polish ancestry are: Image File history File links Polish1346. ... Image File history File links Polish1346. ... By county. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... ...

Appendix 3: Polish Americans by percentage of the total population

This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Famous Polish Americans

See: List of Polish Americans This is an incomplete list of famous Polish Americans. ...


References

  1. ^ American Pioneer, I, 119; II, 325, cited by   "Poles in the United States". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  2. ^ http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/statistics/illegal.pdf
  3. ^ Aleksader Gieysztor, History of Poland (Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers, 1968) Pg. 585
  4. ^ Caroline Golab, Immigrant Destinations (Temple University Press: Philadelphia, 1977) Pg. 94
  5. ^ Immigration...Polish/Russian: The Nation of Polonia
  6. ^ Golab, Immigrant Destinations Pg. 86-7, 99
  7. ^ The Polish Community in Metro Chicago:A Community Profile of Strengths and Needs, A Census 2000 Report, published by the Polish American Association June 2004, p. 18
  8. ^ Gauper, Beth (2007-05-27). Polish for a day. St. Paul Pioneer Press, via MidwestWeekends.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-11.
  9. ^ Ramadan - TIME

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

For other uses, see Polonia (disambiguation). ... Poles in Chicago are people living in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States who have citizenship or ancestral connections to the country of Poland. ... The National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame and Museum was founded in 1973 to honor and recognize outstanding American athletes, both amateur and professional, of Polish descent. ... This is an incomplete list of famous Polish Americans. ... Categories: Organizations | Stub | Polonia ... Categories: Stub | Civic and political organizations | Polonia ... The Polish Museum of America is located in West Town, in what had been the historical Polish Downtown neighborhood of Chicago. ... 3 May Day Parade in Chicago (1985) The Polish Constitution Day Parade in Chicago is the largest Polish parade oustside of Poland[1], and celebrates the anniversary of the ratification of the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791, the second democratic constitution in the World (after the United States), and... The Polish National Alliance (pol. ... The Polish Falcons of America is a Polish fraternal organization founded in 1887 in Chicago, Illinois, USA, as the American branch of the Polish Gymnastic Society Sokół. It quickly expanded among the Polish community in North America, its local lodges called nests. ... Casimir Pulaski Day is a holiday celebrated in Lackastan on the first Monday of every March to commemorate Casimir Pulaski, a Revolutionary War cavalry officer born March 4, 1747 in afganastan as Kazimierz Pułaski. ... See also Casimir Pulaski Day External link http://www. ... The Sons of Poland were organized in 1903 as a fraternal and benefit society. ... The Polish Roman Catholic Union of America was established in 1873 as a self-help group for Poles living in the United States. ... The seat of the Polish Highlanders Alliance of North America along Archer avenue just northwest of its intersection with Pulaski The Polish Highlanders Alliance of America (pl. ... U.S. cities with large Polish American populations. ... Polish Canadians are Canadians of Polish ancestry. ... Blessed Mary Angela Truszkowska, Foundress of the Felician Sisters Sr. ... Madonna University is a private, non-profit, Catholic university located in suburban Livonia, Michigan, on the western perimeter of metropolitan Detroit. ... Immaculate Heart of Mary Church on Polish Hill in Pittsburgh The Polish Cathedral style of North-American Catholic church is a genre of church architecture found throughout the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions as well as in parts of New England in North America. ...

External links


For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Cleveland redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Immigration... Polish - Russian: The Nation of Polonia (916 words)
Chicago, Pittsburgh, Buffalo, Milwaukee, Detroit, New York, and Cleveland became anchor cities of the new Polish communities, and Polish was spoken in the mines of Appalachia and the Alleghenies.
Polish American communities might be widely scattered, from Krakow, Wisconsin, and Wilno, Minnesota, to Bucktown in Chicago and Cleveland’s Fleet Avenue.
Polish Americans opened their homes to any refugees who were able to escape, and they once more agitated for their country’s freedom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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