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Encyclopedia > Polish presidential election, 2005
Poland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Poland
Image File history File links Herb_Polski. ... Politics of Poland takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

Constitution
President: Lech Kaczyński

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Sejm Flag of the President of Poland The President of the Republic of Poland plays a very important part in the Polish legal system. ... Office President of Poland Term of office from December 23, 2005 until December 22, 2010 Profession Lawyer Political party nonpartisan (Law and Justice at the time of election) Spouse Maria Kaczyńska Date of birth June 18, 1949 Place of birth Warsaw, Poland Date of death Place of death , (born... The National Assembly (Zgromadzanie Narodowe) is the name of both chambers of the Polish parliament, the Sejm and the Senate, when sitting in joint session. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ...

Prime Minister: Jarosław Kaczyński
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SDPL SLD SRP UP The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service... JarosÅ‚aw KaczyÅ„ski (born June 18, 1949) is a Polish politician and the chairman of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) party that won the last Polish parliamentary election in September 2005. ... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ... // Existing ministries Ministerstwo Finansów (Ministry of Finances) Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Ministerstwo Spraw WewnÄ™trznych i Administracji (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration) Ministerstwo SprawiedliwoÅ›ci (Ministry of Justice) Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej (Ministry of National Defence) Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi ( Ministry of Agriculture and Rural... Polish law is a legal system in Poland. ... The Supreme Court of Poland supervises the adjudication in: General courts - these are district, voivodeship, and appeal courts. ... The Constitutional Tribunal of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. ... The State Tribunal of Poland is the judicial body, which rules on the constitutional liability of people holding the highest offices of state. ... The Supreme Administrative Court of Poland (Polish: Naczelny SÄ…d Administracyjny) is the court of last resort in administrative cases i. ... The Supreme Chamber of Control (Polish: Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, short: NIK) is one of the oldest state institutions in Poland, created under the Second Republic on February 7, 1919, barely 3 months after the restoration of Polands independence. ... The Attorney General of Poland (Polish: Prokurator Generalny) is the top prosecuting officer in Poland. ... List of the Polish Ombudsmen: Ewa Łętowska - November 19, 1987 - February 12, 1992 Tadeusz ZieliÅ„ski - February 13, 1992 - May 7, 1996 Adam ZieliÅ„ski - May 8, 1996 - June 29, 2000 Andrzej Zoll - from June 30, 2000 Official site Categories: Poland-related stubs | Politics of Poland ... Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a conservative extremist political party within the Polish Parliament, and a coalition partner in Polands current ruling government. ... The Democratic Party () is a social liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia WolnoÅ›ci), which it legally succeeds. ... Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Or in English: Law and Justice) is a Polish conservative political party. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a Polish liberal (libertarian) political party. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... The Social Democratic Party of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SO or SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Labor Union (Unia Pracy) is a Polish political party. ...

Elections
Presidential (after 1989):
1990 1995 2000 2005
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1989 1991 1993 1997 2001 2005
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EU Politics Elections in Poland gives information on election and election results in Poland. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... Contract Sejm (Polish: ) is a term commonly applied to the Polish Parliament elected in the Polish parliamentary elections of 1989. ... Sejm election Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1991 elections | Elections in Poland | 1991 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 4 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1993 elections | Elections in Poland | 1993 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1997 elections | Elections in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 2001 elections | Elections in Poland ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ... There have been several referenda in history of Poland. ... The voivodeship (Polish: województwo) has been a second-level administrative unit in Poland since the 14th century. ... Poland became a full member of NATO in March 1999, and of the European Union in May 2004. ... In the period following its emergence in the 10th century, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christianity, created a strong Central European state and integrated Poland into European culture. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ...

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Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. The outgoing President of Poland, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, had served two five-year terms and was unable to stand for a third term. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in leap years). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... Office President of Poland Term of office from December 23, 1995 until December 22, 2005 Profession Journalist Political party SLD Spouse Jolanta KwaÅ›niewska Date of birth November 15, 1954 Place of birth BiaÅ‚ogard, Poland Date of death Place of death Aleksander KwaÅ›niewski ((?); born November 15, 1954) is...


Two center-right candidates, Donald Tusk, chairman of the Civic Platform party (PO), and Lech Kaczyński, leader of the Law and Justice party (PiS) and mayor of Warsaw, led the poll in the first round, as was widely expected. As neither received 50 percent of the vote, a second round was held on 23 October. In this round, Kaczyński defeated Tusk, polling 54.04 percent of the vote. In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... Donald Franciszek Tusk, born on 22 April 1957 in GdaÅ„sk, is a Polish politician, co-founder and now chairman of the moderately liberal Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska). ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a Polish liberal (libertarian) political party. ... Office President of Poland Term of office from December 23, 2005 until December 22, 2010 Profession Lawyer Political party nonpartisan (Law and Justice at the time of election) Spouse Maria KaczyÅ„ska Date of birth June 18, 1949 Place of birth Warsaw, Poland Date of death Place of death , (born... Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Or in English: Law and Justice) is a Polish conservative political party. ... Warsaw (Polish: , (?), in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto StoÅ‚eczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ...


Although both leading candidates came from the center-right, and their two parties had planned to form a coalition government following the legislative elections on 25 September, there were important differences between Tusk and Kaczyński. Tusk is considered somewhat more socially and economically liberal, favoring more rapid European integration and a free-market economy. Kaczyński is more socially conservative, in the tradition of post-Communist Poland's first President, Lech Wałęsa, and is more suspicious towards the European Union. Such differences led to the failure of PiS-PO coalition talks in late October. Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... European integration is the process of political and economic (and in some cases social and cultural) integration of European states into a tighter bloc. ... A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Office President of Poland Term of office from December 22, 1990 until December 23, 1995 Profession Electrician and shipyard worker Political party none, see Solidarity for details Spouse Danuta WaÅ‚Ä™sa Date of birth September 29, 1943 Place of birth Popowo, Poland Date of death Place of death Lech Wa...


Voters turnout in the first round was quite low with only 49.6 percent of all eligible voters casting their votes.

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of 9 October 2005 Polish Presidential election results
Candidates and nominating parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Donald Franciszek Tusk - Civic Platform 5,429,666 36.3 7,022,319 45.96
Lech Aleksander Kaczyński - Law and Justice 4,947,927 33.1 8,257,468 54.04
Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper - Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland 2,259,094 15.1 - -
Marek Stefan Borowski - Social Democracy of Poland 1,544,642 10.3 - -
Jarosław Kalinowski - Polish Peasant Party 269,316 1.8 - -
Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke - Janusz Korwin-Mikke Platform 214,116 1.4 - -
Henryka Teodora Bochniarz - Democratic Party 188,598 1.3 - -
Liwiusz Marian Ilasz 31,691 0.2 - -
Stanisław Tymiński - All-Polish Citizens Coalition 23,545 0.2 - -
Leszek Henryk Bubel - Polish National Party 18,828 0.1 - -
Jan Pyszko - Organization of the Polish Nation - Polish League 10,371 0.1 - -
Adam Andrzej Słomka - The Polish Confederation-Freedom and the Work 8,895 0.1 - -
Total (turnout 49.7 %) 15,046,350 100    

Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, the candidate of the Alliance of the Democratic Left, which was the governing party before the legislative election withdrew from the race on September 14. At the time he withdrew he was third in the polls, still having the most chances to get to the second round (besides Kaczyński and Tusk). Donald Franciszek Tusk, born on 22 April 1957 in GdaÅ„sk, is a Polish politician, co-founder and now chairman of the moderately liberal Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska). ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a Polish liberal (libertarian) political party. ... Office President of Poland Term of office from December 23, 2005 until December 22, 2010 Profession Lawyer Political party nonpartisan (Law and Justice at the time of election) Spouse Maria KaczyÅ„ska Date of birth June 18, 1949 Place of birth Warsaw, Poland Date of death Place of death , (born... Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Or in English: Law and Justice) is a Polish conservative political party. ... Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper (born June 13, 1954 in StowiÄ™cino / Stojentin, Poland) is a Polish politician, leader of Samoobrona RP (Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland) political party, and since May 5, 2006 Deputy Prime Minister of Poland and Minister of Agriculture. ... Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SO or SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Marek Borowski (b. ... Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Socialdemocracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... JarosÅ‚aw Kalinowski (born April 12, 1962 in Wyszków) is a Polish politician. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... Janusz Korwin-Mikke Janusz Korwin-Mikke (born October 27, 1942 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish liberal conservative political commentator and politician. ... ... The Democratic Party () is a liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia WolnoÅ›ci), which it legally succeeds. ... StanisÅ‚aw Stan TymiÅ„ski (born: 27th January 1948, Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ... WÅ‚odzimierz Cimoszewicz (born September 13, 1950 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish politician, the Prime Minister of Poland from 1996 to autumn 1997, the Foreign Minister of Poland in the governments of Leszek Miller (2001-2004) and Marek Belka (2004-2005) , and speaker of the Sejm (lower chamber of... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ...


Other candidates, who withdrew from the elections, but initially have signed to, were Zbigniew Religa and Maciej Giertych. Daniel Tomasz Podrzycki, who have also signed, died in an accident before the elections. Zbigniew Religa (born December 16, 1938 in Miedniewice, Poland) is a prominent cardiologist and politician. ... Maciej Giertych (born March 24, 1936 in Warsaw) is a Polish politician with conservative outlook towards society and in favor of state intervention in the economy. ... Daniel Podrzycki Daniel Tomasz Podrzycki (June 4, 1963 - September 24, 2005), was a Polish politician. ...


There were 10 persons who registered themselves in election procedure, but failed to gather 100 000 support signatures: Arnold Buzdygan, Stanisław Ceberek, Gabriel Janowski, Jan Antoni Kiełb, Waldemar Janusz Kossakowski, Marian Romuald Rembelski, Zbigniew Roliński, Sławomir Salomon, Maria Szyszkowska, Bolesław Tejkowski. Arnold Buzdygan was born October 9, 1968. ... Maria Szyszkowska (born October 7, 1937 in Warsaw) is a Polish Senator, academic, and writer. ...


See also

Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ...

External links

Rzeczpospolita is Polands second largest nationwide daily newspaper with a circulation of 260-270,000 and an estimated readership of 1. ...

Articles


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NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Polish presidential election, 2005 (2454 words)
The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament.
Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005.
WÅ‚odzimierz Cimoszewicz (born September 13, 1950 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish politician, the Prime Minister of Poland from 1996 to autumn 1997, the Foreign Minister of Poland in the governments of Leszek Miller (2001-2004) and Marek Belka (2004-2005), and speaker of the Sejm (lower chamber of...
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