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Encyclopedia > Polish presidential election, 1990
Poland

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Poland
Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1932x2407, 4465 KB) [edit] Summary Coat of arms of the Republic of Poland Made by Aotaearoa, based on the official specifications in Coat of arms, Colors and Anthem of the Republic of Poland, and State Seals Act (Dz. ... Politics of Poland takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...







Voivodeships Flag of the President of Poland The President of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is directly elected by the people to serve a term of five years. ...  , (born June 18, 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland and a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS.) KaczyÅ„ski served as President of Warsaw from 2002 until December 22, 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service...   (born June 18, 1949) has been the Prime Minister of Poland since July 2006 and is the chairman of Law and Justice (Polish: ), a party which he co-founded in 2001. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Polish Senate The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ... // Existing ministries Ministerstwo Finansów (Ministry of Finances) Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Ministerstwo Spraw WewnÄ™trznych i Administracji (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration) Ministerstwo SprawiedliwoÅ›ci (Ministry of Justice) Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej (Ministry of National Defence) Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi ( Ministry of Agriculture and Rural... Polish law is a legal system in Poland. ... The Supreme Court (Polish: ) of the Republic of Poland supervises the adjudication in: General courts - these are district, regional, and appeal courts. ... The Constitutional Tribunal (Polish: ) of the Republic of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution. ... The State Tribunal (Polish: ) of the Republic of Poland is the judicial body, which rules on the constitutional liability of people holding the highest offices of state. ... The Supreme Administrative Court of the Republic of Poland (Polish: ) is the court of last resort in administrative cases e. ... The Supreme Chamber of Control (Polish: , usually abbreviated NIK) is one of the oldest state institutions in Poland, created under the Second Republic on February 7, 1919, barely 3 months after the restoration of Polands independence. ... The Attorney General of the Republic of Poland (Polish: ) is the top prosecuting officer in Poland. ... List of the Polish Ombudsmen: Ewa Łętowska - November 19, 1987 - February 12, 1992 Tadeusz ZieliÅ„ski - February 13, 1992 - May 7, 1996 Adam ZieliÅ„ski - May 8, 1996 - June 29, 2000 Andrzej Zoll - from June 30, 2000 Official site Categories: Poland-related stubs | Politics of Poland ... Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... The Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, also called the Citizens Platform) is a liberal conservative political party in Poland. ... Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SRP) is an agrarian political party and trade union in Poland. ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... The League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a national conservative political party in Poland. ... The Polish Peoples Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, also known in English as Polish Peasant Party) is a political party in Poland. ... The Social Democratic Party of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... Unia Polityki Realnej (Real Politics Union) is a conservative free-market party in Poland. ... The Democratic Party () is a social liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia WolnoÅ›ci), which it legally succeeds. ... Labor Union (Unia Pracy) is a Polish political party. ... Elections in Poland gives information on election and election results in Poland. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on October 9 and October 23, 2005. ... Contract Sejm (Polish: ) is a term commonly applied to the Polish Parliament elected in the Polish parliamentary elections of 1989. ... Sejm election Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1991 elections | Elections in Poland | 1991 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 4 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1993 elections | Elections in Poland | 1993 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1997 elections | Elections in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 2001 elections | Elections in Poland ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ... Local elections in Poland SLD-UP - 6644 (14,19%) PSL - 4986 (10,65%) Samoobrona - 1530 (3,27%) LPR - 1065 (2,27%) PiS - 217 (0,46%) PO - 213 (0,45%) PO-PiS - 85 (0,18%) Unia SamorzÄ…dowa - 4 (0,01%) Alternatywa - 1 (0,00%) UPR - 0 (0,00%) other comitets... Local elections were held in Poland in 1990. ... Local elections were held in Poland in 1994. ... Local elections were held in Poland in 1998. ... SLD-UP - 6644 (14,19%) PSL - 4986 (10,65%) Samoobrona - 1530 (3,27%) LPR - 1065 (2,27%) PiS - 217 (0,46%) PO - 213 (0,45%) PO-PiS - 85 (0,18%) Unia SamorzÄ…dowa - 4 (0,01%) Alternatywa - 1 (0,00%) UPR - 0 (0,00%) other comitets - 32088 (68,52%) sum... Polish local elections 2006 schedule: November 12 - first round November 26 - second round Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) Categories: | ... There have been several referenda in history of Poland. ... It has been suggested that Polish Voivodeships and Counties 1919-1939 - trivia be merged into this article or section. ...


See also: Economy, Foreign relations
History, Military
Poland became a full member of NATO in March 1999, and of the European Union in May 2004. ... Over the past millennium, the territory ruled by Poland has shifted and varied greatly. ...


EU Politics The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ...


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Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (first round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (second round). 60.6% of citizens cast their votes during the first round, 98.5% of those were valid. 53.4% of citizens cast their vote during the second round, 97.7% of those were valid. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... November 25 is the 329th (in leap years the 330th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...


These were the first direct presidential elections in the history of Poland. Before World War 2 president was elected by Sejm, and after WW2 this office was abolished in 1952. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Following are the successive heads of state of Poland. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The main favourites were the leader of Solidarity movement Lech Wałęsa and the first non-communist Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki. Unexpectedly, the Wałęsa's countercandidate in the 2nd round was Canadian businessman of Polish origin Stanisław Tymiński. Eventually, he lost this round, tried to establish a new political party, but very quickly disappeared from the political scene in Poland. Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny SamorzÄ…dny ZwiÄ…zek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa. ... Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa (IPA: ; born September 29, 1943, Popowo, Poland) is a Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. ... This is a list of Prime Ministers of Poland. ... Tadeusz Mazowiecki (born April 18, 1927 in PÅ‚ock) is a Polish author, journalist, social worker and politician, formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement, and the first non-communist prime minister in Central and Eastern Europe after World War II. Tadeusz Mazowiecki as Prime Minister of Poland... StanisÅ‚aw Stan TymiÅ„ski (born January 27, 1948 in Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ...

 1st round => turn-out: 60,6% ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Candidate Party Votes % ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Lech Wałęsa NSZZ "Solidarność" 6,569,889 39.96 Stanisław Tymiński 3,797,605 23.10 Tadeusz Mazowiecki 2,973,364 18.08 Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz SdRP 1,514,025 9.21 Roman Bartoszcze PSL 1,176,175 7.15 Leszek Moczulski KPN 411,516 2.50 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Total 16,442,574 100.00 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 2nd round => turn-out: 53,4% ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Candidate Party Votes % ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Lech Wałęsa NSZZ "Solidarność" 10,622,696 74.25 Stanisław Tymiński 3,683,098 25.75 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Total 14,305,794 100.00 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

Lech Wałęsa (IPA: ; born September 29, 1943, Popowo, Poland) is a Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. ... Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa. ... Stanisław Stan Tymiński (born January 27, 1948 in Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ... Tadeusz Mazowiecki (born April 18, 1927 in Płock) is a Polish author, journalist, social worker and politician, formerly one of the leaders of the Solidarity movement, and the first non-communist prime minister in Central and Eastern Europe after World War II. Tadeusz Mazowiecki as Prime Minister of Poland... Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz (born September 13, 1950 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish politician, the Prime Minister of Poland from 1996 to autumn 1997, the Foreign Minister of Poland in the governments of Leszek Miller (2001-2004) and Marek Belka (2004-2005) , and speaker of the Sejm (lower chamber of... Socjaldemokracja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej was a social-democratic (post-Commumist) political party in Poland created after the fall of Communism. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... Leszek Moczulski (born 1930) is a Polish historian and politician, a member of various organizations opposing the communist regime in the Peoples Republic of Poland and the co-founder of the first non-communist and not-underground political party in the Eastern Bloc. ... Lech Wałęsa (IPA: ; born September 29, 1943, Popowo, Poland) is a Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. ... Solidarity (Polish: ; full name: Independent Self-governing Trade Union Solidarity — Niezależny Samorządny Związek Zawodowy Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then Lenin Shipyards, and originally led by Lech Wałęsa. ... Stanisław Stan Tymiński (born January 27, 1948 in Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ...

References

  • Obwieszczenie PKW z dn. 26 XI 1990 r., Dziennik Ustaw. Nr 83, poz. 483;
  • Obwieszczenie PKW z dn. 10 XII 1990 r., Dz.U. Nr 85, poz. 499
Polish parliamentary elections
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Polish presidential elections
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Polish referenda
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Politics of Poland: Information from Answers.com (2367 words)
Both elections were blighted by low turn-outs: only 51% in the second and deciding round of the presidential election and just over 40% in the parliamentary election.
In the presidential election of 2000, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, the incumbent former leader of the post-communist SLD, was re-elected in the first round of voting, with 53.9% of the popular vote.
The September 2001 parliamentary elections in 2001 saw the SLD (successor to the communist party twice removed) triumph on the back of voter dissolusionment with the AWS government and internal bickering within that bloc.
Part 1: The Polish Government - The Churchill Centre (4992 words)
He pr6posed that several Polish leaders from Lublin and London be invited to Moscow to form a new provisional government, a Presidential Committee of three and a new constitution, under which free elections would be held.
Stalin wanted a Polish government that was friendly to Russia, and, at least partly as a result of the German invasion of 1941, he felt that he could ensure the friendliness of a country on his border only by controlling it, directly or indirectly.
Although the free elections agreed to at Yalta had not been held, the American and British governments, at President Truman's request, withdrew their recognition from the Polish government in London and transferred it to the new government in Warsaw.
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