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Encyclopedia > Polish Cathedral style

The Polish Cathedral style of North-American Catholic church is a genre of church architecture found throughout the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions as well as in parts of New England in North America.[1] These churches are not necessarily cathedrals (seats of bishops), or seats of their respective dioceses, but rather monumentally grand churches. One of the finest examples being St. Adalbert's Church in Buffalo, New York. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 443 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (597 × 808 pixels, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 443 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (597 × 808 pixels, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Immaculate Heart of Mary Church in Pittsburgh, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół Matki Boski is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, one of the citys oldest and largest churches. ... Polish Hill (2002) Polish Hill (Polish: Polskie Góry) is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Architectural styles classify architecture in terms of form, techniques, materials, time period, region, etc. ... The 800-year-old Church of Termunterzijl in the north of the Netherlands Church architecture, (sometimes known as Ecclesiastical Architecture) refers to the buildings of Christian churches. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... It has been suggested that Middle Atlantic States be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ...


Key characteristics distinguish churches of the Polish Cathedral Style from other architectural styles represented in North-American church buildings. The most visible is the large amount of ornamentation used in decorating both the exterior and interior, comparable only to the more famous Churrigueresque or Spanish Baroque style.[2] The decorations used reflect the tastes of the Polish immigrants to these regions in both the symbols and saintly cults prominently displayed throughout. Additionally there is a heavy proclivity towards ornamention drawn from the Renaissance and Baroque periods as well as modeling designs after famous churches in Poland.[3] The claim of different 'architectural styles' of Europe ascribed to these churches is misleading, as most of them are already labeled by art historians as examples of Eclecticism and Historicism, characterized by the various Architectural Revivals found in styles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In these churches are found a mixture of architectural traits from numerous past eras characteristic of Europe and the Americas. Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Spain. ... Polish-American refers to American citizens of Polish descent. ... For other uses, see Saint (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... This article is about the academic discipline of art history. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In art, Historicism refers to styles that draw their inspiration from copying historic styles or artisans. ... Architectural style is a way of classifying architecture largely by morphological characteristics - in terms of form, techniques, materials, etc. ...

The interior of St. Josaphat Basilica in Milwaukee.

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Basilica of St. ... St. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ...

Difficulties with European nomenclature

Skerrett says Polish churches surpassed other immigrant’s churches in size, and their style promoted their vision of Polish identity.[4]


Kantowicz writes in The Archdiocese of Chicago: A Journey of Faith: "The preference of the Polish League for Renaissance and Baroque forms seems more clear cut. The glory days of the Polish Commonwealth came in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries when it formed the largest state in Europe... The architectural style of Chicago's Polish churches in Chicago reflect this, particularly the magnificent edifices of Worthmann and Steinbach built along Milwaukee Avenue on the Northwest Side, reflected the renaissance glory of Polish Catholicism". Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Milwaukee Avenue is a major diagonal street in the city of Chicago. ... The neighborhoods of Chicago are less well-defined than Chicagos seventy-seven community areas. ... Ever since Poland officially adopted Latin Christianity in 966, the Roman Catholic Church has played a very important religious, cultural, social and political role. ...

St. Stanislaus Catholic Church, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Peter Williams in his book Houses of God: Region, Religion, and Architecture in the United States on p.179 writes "in Detroit and Chicago especially, a distinctive genre of church building emerged among Polish communities, the "Polish Cathedral". Where most Catholic churches were built in grander or humbler variations and Gothic and Romanesque themes popular across the country, the ambitious prelates in the Great Lakes Polonias often chose to make monumental statements in the Renaissance style of their mother country. The scale of these structures was often enormous, both in the great size of these parishes and the episcopal ambitions of their clerical leaders... Still visible from the freeways, many of these "cathedrals" such as St. Stanislaus Kostka in Chicago now serve African-American or Latino constituencies while others have been closed by their Archbishops as no longer econoimically viable". Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Copyright © 2005 Sulfur St. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 141 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Copyright © 2005 Sulfur St. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Largest metro area Greater Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Romanesque St. ... Look up prelate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Great Lakes region can refer to: The Great Lakes region of North America The Great Lakes region of Africa This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Polonia (disambiguation). ... St. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... For the Brazilian pop singer, see Latino (singer). ...


There's a good deal of literature on the topic, and the churches are a major tourist attractions in Chicago with tours devoted exclusively to them.[5][6] The Chicago Architecture Foundation's ArchiCenter also held an exhibit on these treasures titled Chicago's Polish Churches in May of 1980. Given the widespread colloquial use of the term every neighborhood patriot with a historic Polish church in Chicago will tell you that "their church" is "The Polish Cathedral". Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... The Chicago Architecture Foundation is a nonprofit group in Chicago, Illinois, USA, dedicated to increasing the publics understanding of architecture and design. ...

St John Cantius Roman Catholic Church in Chicago

These ornate temples were largely built by the working poor in these regions in the era spanning the period from the end of the American Civil War until the end of World War II.[7][8] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 851 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Saint John Cantius Catholic Church in Chicago I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 851 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Saint John Cantius Catholic Church in Chicago I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Saint John Cantius in Chicago, (Polish: ), is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Working poor is a term used to describe individuals and families who maintain regular employment but remain in relative poverty due to low levels of pay and dependent expenses. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Criticism by other religious groups

These stylistically exaggerated churches were criticized by many of Chicago's Protestant elites as "ostentatious" in comparison with the "plainer" style in vogue for Protestant houses of worship at that time.[9] Catholic Church authorities such as John Lancaster Spalding, the first Bishop of Peoria, responded by comparing the churches financed by the immigrants to the pyramids of Egypt built by slaves.[10] Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Peoria is the name of the Peoria tribe of Native Americans and the name of a number of places in the United States of America: Peoria, Arizona Peoria, Illinois Peoria County, Illinois Peoria, Oregon This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise...


The influence of nationalism and the need for identity is evident in the unique architecture of the Polish Cathedral Style, which is associated often with the religious order of the Congregation of the Resurrection in addition to the architectural stylings of the Renaissance and Baroque periods.[11][12] Both in scale and scope these edifices were seen as attempts to contradict the marginal status that the Polish immigrants found themselves in, once as a stateless people whose culture was systematically attacked in its homeland, as well as their low position on the economic ladder in the turn of the century industrial centers to which they had immigrated.[13] The location of these churches greatly influenced the development of neighborhoods that surrounded them. World views brought by the Polish immigrants from the Old World as well as their creative adaptation into the New World shaped the landscape of the rapidly growing industrial regions to which they came.[14] Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... The Congregation of the Resurrection is an international religious congregation of men within the Roman Catholic Church, founded in 1836 by three men, Bogdan Janski, Peter Semenenko and Jerome Kajsiewicz. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ...


List of churches built in the "Polish Cathedral" style

Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in the city of Chicago
Church Location Architectural Style
1) Church of St. Adalbert {Lower West Side} Neoclassical
2) Church of St. Barbara {Bridgeport} Renaissance
3) Covenant Presbyterian Church of Chicago (formerly All Saints Polish National Catholic Cathedral) {Logan Square} Gothic
4) Church of St. Hedwig {Logan Square} Renaissance Revival
5) Church of the Holy Innocents {West Town} Romanesque with Byzantine flourishes
6) Church of the Holy Trinity {West Town} Renaissance
7) Basilica of St. Hyacinth {Avondale} Renaissance
8) Church of Immaculate Conception {South Chicago} Renaissance
9) Church of Our Lady of Tepeyac (formerly St. Casimir) {Lower West Side}
10) Church of St. John Cantius {West Town} Baroque
11) Church of St. John of God (CLOSED) {Back of the Yards} Baroque
12) Church of St. Joseph (Shrine) {Back of the Yards) Baroque
13) Church of St. Josaphat {Lincoln Park} Romanesque
14) Church of St. Mary of the Angels {Logan Square} Neoclassical
15) Church of St. Mary of Perpetual Help {Bridgeport} Romanesque-Byzantine
16) Church of St. Michael {South Chicago} Gothic
17) Salem Baptist Church of Chicago (formerly St. Salomea) {Pullman} Gothic
18) Church of St. Stanislaus Kostka {West Town} Renaissance
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Chicago's suburbs
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. Andrew the Apostle {Calumet City} Renaissance
2. Church of Ss. Cyril and Methodius {Lemont} Renaissance
3. Church of St. Mary of Częstochowa {Cicero} Gothic
Outside Chicago
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in surburban Detroit, Michigan
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel {Wyandotte} Renaissance
2. Church of St. Florian {Hamtramck} Gothic
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Cleveland, Ohio
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. Stanislaus {Slavic Village} Renaissance
2. Church of St. John Cantius {Tremont} Baroque
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. Stanislaus {South Side} Renaissance
2. Church of St. Adalbert {South Side} Romanesque Revival
3. St. Josaphat Basilica {South Side} Baroque
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. Stanislaus Kostka {Strip District} Renaissance
2. Immaculate Heart of Mary {Polish Hill} Baroque
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. John Cantius {Bridesburg}  
2. Church of St. Adalbert {Port Richmond}  
3. Church of St. Laurentius {Fishtown}  
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Winona, Minnesota
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. Stanislaus Kostka {downtown Winona} Romanesque
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Chicopee, Massachusetts
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Basilica of Saint Stanislaus[15] {Chicopee Center} Baroque
Churches in the 'Polish Cathedral' style in Buffalo, New York
Church Location Architectural Style
1. Church of St. Stanislaus, Bishop & Martyr {East Side, Buffalo} Romanesque Revival
2. St. Adalbert's Basilica {East Side, Buffalo} Romanesque Revival
2. Church of the Transfiguration {East Side, Buffalo} Gothic

Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Saint Adalberts, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół ÅšwiÄ™tego Wojciecha is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... Lower West Side located on the west side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... St. ... Bridgeport is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, USA. It is one of 77 official community areas of Chicago. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... the former Cathedral of All Saints Polish National Catholic Church in Chicago, Illinois. ... Logan Square is a community area located on the northwest side of Chicago. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... St. ... Logan Square is a community area located on the northwest side of Chicago. ... The Château de Ferrières completed 1855 was a deliberate copy of Mentmore Towers (below). ... The Church of the Holy Innocents in Chicago, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół ÅšwiÄ™tych MÅ‚odzianków is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... West Town located in Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Holy Trinity Polish Mission, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół NajÅ›wiÄ™tszej Trójcy is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... West Town located in Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Saint Hyacinth Basilica, formally the Basilica of St. ... Avondale aka Jackowo is one of 77 officially designated Chicago, IL community areas. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... The Church of the Immaculate Conception, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół Niepokalanego PoczÄ™cia NajÅ›wiÄ™tszej Maryi Panny is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... South Chicago, located on the south side of the city, is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, Illinois. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... An image of Our Lady of Guadalupe. ... Lower West Side located on the west side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... Saint John Cantius in Chicago, (Polish: ), is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... West Town located in Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... John of God (originally Juan Ciudad and otherwise called Juan de Dios) (1495 - 1550) was a Spanish monk and saint. ... Back of the Yards is an industrial and residential neighborhood (located in the New City community area) on the Southwest Side of Chicago, so named because it is near the site of the former Union Stockyards. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... St. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... Back of the Yards is an industrial and residential neighborhood (located in the New City community area) on the Southwest Side of Chicago, so named because it is near the site of the former Union Stockyards. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... St. ... Lincoln Park, also designated as Community Area 7, is one of the northside Chicago community areas that divide Chicago, Illinois in the United States. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... Saint Mary of the Angels, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół Matki Boskiej Anielskiej is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... Logan Square is a community area located on the northwest side of Chicago. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... St. ... Bridgeport is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, USA. It is one of 77 official community areas of Chicago. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... St. ... South Chicago, located on the south side of the city, is one of the 77 official community areas of Chicago, Illinois. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Pullman is a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, twelve miles from the Loop by Lake Calumet. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... St. ... West Town located in Chicago, Illinois, northwest of the Loop, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. ... Calumet City is a city located in Cook County, Illinois. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... SS. Cyril and Methodius in Lemont, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół Swietego Cyryl i Metodego is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Lemont, Illinois. ... Incorporated Village in 1873. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... St. ... Incorporated Town in 1869. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Detroit redirects here. ... Our Lady of Mount Carmel Roman Catholic Church in Wyandotte, Michigan. ... Wyandotte is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... St. ... Hamtramck is a city in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Slavic Village is a predominantly Eastern European neighborhood in Cleveland, Ohio. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Milwaukee (disambiguation). ... St. ... South Side is a village in County Durham, in England. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... St. ... South Side is a village in County Durham, in England. ... A style of building in the late 19th century (roughly 1840 and 1900) inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. ... The Basilica of St. ... South Side is a village in County Durham, in England. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... St. ... Pittsburghs Strip District is a one-half square mile area of land northeast of the central business district bordered to the north by the Allegheny River and to the south by portions of the Hill District. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Immaculate Heart of Mary Church in Pittsburgh, referred to in Polish as KoÅ›ciół Matki Boski is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, one of the citys oldest and largest churches. ... Polish Hill (2002) Polish Hill (Polish: Polskie Góry) is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Bridesburg is a neighborhood in the Northeast section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Port Richmond is a neighborhood in the Near Northeast section of the United States city Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Berks Street, a typical residential street in Fishtown, in 2007 Fishtown is a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Winona is the county seat of Winona County6. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Hampden County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1848 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael D. Bissonnette Area  - City  23. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Buffalo in New York State Coordinates: , Country State County Erie Government  - Mayor Byron Brown (D) Area  - City 52. ... The East Side is the Polish district of Buffalo, New York centered around the intersection of Broadway and Fillmore. ... A style of building in the late 19th century (roughly 1840 and 1900) inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. ... Saint Adalberts Basilica, (referred to in Polish as Bazylika Swietego Wojciecha is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Buffalo located in the East Side] area of Buffalo, New York. ... The East Side is the Polish district of Buffalo, New York centered around the intersection of Broadway and Fillmore. ... A style of building in the late 19th century (roughly 1840 and 1900) inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. ... Church of the Transfiguration may refer to the following locations: Church of the Transfiguration located in Kizhi, Russia (a World Heritage Site) New York City Church of the Transfiguration more commonly known as The Little Church Around the Corner was the first church to be named for the Transfiguration in... The East Side is the Polish district of Buffalo, New York centered around the intersection of Broadway and Fillmore. ... Look up Gothic, goth, Goth in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

See also

  • Jozef Mazur, Polish-American painter and stained-glass artist
  • Tadeusz Żukotyński, Polish Catholic fine art painter and mural artist
  • Sr. Maria Stanisia, Polish-American fine art painter and restoration artist
  • Czesław Dźwigaj, Polish Catholic artist and sculptor
  • Holy Cross in Chicago, an ornately decorated church founded by Lithuanians in Chicago's Back of the Yards, which displays architectural affinities with the architecture of Polish Cathedrals.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Eclecticism is a kind of mixed style in the fine arts, in which features are borrowed from various sources and styles. ... Jozef Mazur (1897-1970) was a Polish-American (Galician) artist, painter. ... Polish Count, Professor, and Painter, Tadeusz Å»ukotyÅ„ski was born in 1855 in what is today the region of Podolia in Ukraine. ... Sister Maria Stanisia (born Monica Kurkowski) was an American Catholic artist and painter. ... Fragment of the grave of Cyprian Kamil Norwid CzesÅ‚aw Dźwigaj (born June 18, 1950 in Nowy WiÅ›nicz) - artist, sculptor, professor, student of Antoni Hajdecki. ... Holy Cross in Chicago, referred to in Lithuanian as , is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago located in, Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Back of the Yards is an industrial and residential neighborhood (located in the New City community area) on the Southwest Side of Chicago, so named because it is near the site of the former Union Stockyards. ... Polish-American refers to American citizens of Polish descent. ... Poles in Chicago are people living in Chicago, Illinois, in the United States who have citizenship or ancestral connections to the country of Poland. ... The Polish Roman Catholic Union of America was established in 1873 as a self-help group for Poles living in the United States. ... Ever since Poland officially adopted Latin Christianity in 966, the Roman Catholic Church has played a very important religious, cultural, social and political role. ...

References

  1. ^ Williams, Peter W., "Houses of God: Region, Religion, and Architecture in the United States" pages 157, 179-180 University of Illinois Press; Reprint edition (2000)
  2. ^ "Polish churches along the Kennedy Expressway" by Lilien, Marya, pages 18-29, Spring 1980
  3. ^ The Archdiocese of Chicago: A Journey of Faith by Kantowicz, Edward pages 27-29, Booklink, Ireland 2006
  4. ^ SKERRETT, Ellen. "Parish and Neighborhood in Polonia", Sacred Space, Catholicism, Chicago Style, 153. “In terms of sheer size and monumentality, Polish Catholic churches on the Near Northwest Side surpassed the the parish churches constructed by most German, Bohemian and Irish congregations. The architectural style promoted by the Resurrectionists used Renaissance and Baroque forms molded to distinctively promote their vision of Polish history and identity.” 
  5. ^ Tour Guide to "Polish cathedral"
  6. ^ Chicago Special Interest: "Polish cathedral"
  7. ^ Chicago's Polish Downtown Victoria Granacki in association with the Polish Museum of America pages 7-11, 14-16, 18-23 Arcadia Publishing 2004
  8. ^ Williams, Peter W., "Houses of God: Region, Religion, and Architecture in the United States" page 178 University of Illinois Press; Reprint edition (2000)
  9. ^ Catholicism, Chicago Style by Skerrett, Ellen, Kantowicz Edward R., and Avella, Steven M., page 147 Loyola University Press 1993
  10. ^ Catholicism, Chicago Style by Skerrett, Ellen, Kantowicz Edward R., and Avella, Steven M., page 147 Loyola University Press 1993
  11. ^ Ethnic Chicago: A Mulicultural Portrait edited by Melvin G. Holli and Peter D'A Jones pages 178-179, 595-596 William B. Eerdman's Publishing Company 1995
  12. ^ Swiderski, Klara and Robert, "Basilica of St. Hyacinth: Inside Religion" pages 3-8 Ex Libris Galeria Polskiej Ksiazki (2005)
  13. ^ Piatkowska Danuta Polskie Kościoły w Nowym Jorku (The Polish Churches of New York [in Polish]), pages 19-27, 559-561 Wydawnictwa Swietego Krzyza, 2002
  14. ^ Catholicism, Chicago Style by Skerrett, Ellen, Kantowicz Edward R., and Avella, Steven M., pages 139-140, 146-150, 152-162 Loyola University Press 1993
  15. ^ Basilica of Saint Stanislaus homepage

Bohemians are inhabitants of Bohemia, in the Czech Republic. ... Resurrectionists were grave robbers who dug up fresh corpses and sold them to be used in anatomy lectures in medical schools. ... Tempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... The people of Poland took pride in their long history, filled with the struggle to get, keep, and regain freedom—the main value for Poles. ...

External links

  • The Polish Churches of Milwaukee/

 
 

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