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Encyclopedia > Police riot

Police riot is a pejorative term that became increasingly more common through the late 20th century, implying the wrongful, disproportionate, unlawful and illegitimate use of force by a group of police against a group of civilians. A word or phrase is pejorative if it implies contempt or disapproval. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... // Balancing scales are symbolic of how law mediates peoples interests For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... The word legitimacy comes from the Latin word legitimare and it has two uses: Legitimacy (political science) is variously defined, but refers in general to the peoples acceptance of a law, ruling, or a regime itself as valid. ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ...


It often describes a situation where police, clad in riot gear such as armor, helmets, padded knee and elbow protectors, and face shields, encounter a group of civilians, such as a protest group, which is not engaged in violent behaviour, but is deemed by police or police supervisors to pose a threat to public safety, and is attacked by police. Riot control are the measures to control a riot or to break up an unwanted demonstration (usually of protestors). ... Armor or armour (see spelling differences) is protective clothing intended to defend its wearer from intentional harm in combat and military engagements, typically associated with soldiers. ... // A helmet is a form of protective clothing worn on the head and usually made of metal or other hard substance, such as Kevlar, resin fiber, or plastic typically for protection of the head in combat, or in civilian life, from sports injuries, falling objects or high-speed collisions. ... Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... This is an article about the modern meaning of the term public safety. ...


In an encounter such as this, violence often ensues. This violence, perpetrated or provoked by police or other military and security force personnel, may run the gamut from simple assault, battery, assault with a deadly weapon, mayhem, even homicide. If the riot is caused by or incited by police action, it can be labelled as a "police riot." This term is used somewhat ironically, as most people consider the police and similar authorities to be keepers of the peace, and not inciters of riots. In many common law jurisdictions, the crime of battery involves an injury or other contact upon the person of another in a manner likely to cause bodily harm. ... Assault With a Deadly Weapon is the term used to describe the act of threatening to harm one or more people by using a weapon (usually a firearm). ... Mayhem, under the common law of crimes, consisted of the intentional and wanton removal of a body part that would handicap a persons ability to defend themselves in combat. ... Etymology: Latin homicidium, from homo- human being + caedere- to cut, kill Homicide is the intentional or negligent killing of another human being by one or more persons. ...


Police, whose duty it is to enforce the law and prevent violent conflict, are subject to the same crowd psychology as any other group of armed men and women when in large confrontational groups, in encounters whose outcome is uncertain, and when in the grip of fear, anger, or other strong emotion. // Balancing scales are symbolic of how law mediates peoples interests For other senses of this word, see Law (disambiguation). ... Ordinary people typically can gain direct power by acting collectively. ... Emotion, in its most general definition, is an intense neural mental state that arises subjectively rather than through conscious effort and evokes either a positive or negative psychological response . ...


It is worthwhile to note that there have also been cases, such as the 1857 clash between New York's Metropolitan Police and 300 Municipal police officers who were occupying City Hall in which 52 police officers were injured, where a police riot involved only the police. This occurred while Fernando Wood was mayor. In August 1988, a riot erupted in Tompkins Square Park when police brutally attempted to enforce a newly-passed curfew for the park. Bystanders, artists, residents, homeless people and political activists were caught up in the police action that took place on the night of August 6th and the early morning of August 7th. The New York Times dubbed it a police riot in an August 26, 1988 editorial,[1] and it became known as the Tompkins Square Park Police Riot. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) None Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... It has been suggested that Town Hall be merged into this article or section. ... Fernando Wood (June 14, 1812–February 14, 1881) is famous for being one of the most colorful mayors in the history of New York City. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This section may stray from the articles topic into the topic of another article: List of notable riots. ... Tompkins Square Park is a 10. ... The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... In August 1988, a riot erupted in Tompkins Square Park when police brutally attempted to enforce a newly-passed curfew for the park. ...


The actions of Chicago police during the 1968 Democratic National Convention against anti-Vietnam War street protestors was described in the Walker Report to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence as a "police riot." Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, The City of Big Shoulders The 312 Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in Chicagoland and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook Incorporated March 4, 1837 Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area... The 1968 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois, from August 26 to August 29, 1968, for the purposes of choosing the Democratic nominee for the 1968 U.S. presidential election. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The National [Advisory] Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence (NCCPV) was formed, in 1968, by US President Lyndon B. Johnson. ...

Contents

See also

In August 1988, a riot erupted in Tompkins Square Park when police brutally attempted to enforce a newly-passed curfew for the park. ... Protest activity surrounding the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999, which was to be the launch of a new millennial round of trade negotiations, occurred on November 30, 1999, when the World Trade Organization (WTO) convened in Seattle, Washington, USA. The negotiations were quickly overshadowed by massive and controversial street protests... A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ... David Kirkwood on the ground after being struck by police batons Police brutality is a term used to describe the excessive use of physical force, assault, verbal attacks, and threats by police officers and other law enforcement officers. ... Black Bloc at April 12, 2003 anti-war demonstration in Washington DC. A black bloc is an affinity group of masked cowards, that come together during some sort of protest, demonstration, or event involving class struggle, anti-capitalism, or anti-globalization, and wear all black. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Street fighting is a term used to denote spontaneous, hand-to-hand fighting in public places. ...

Riot laws

The Black Act (9 Geo. ...

Riot weaponry

Non-lethal force is force which is not inherently likely to kill or cause great bodily injury to a living target. ... The bayonet is used as both knife and spear. ... A water cannon is a device that shoots a high-pressure stream of water. ... The flexible baton round is the trademarked name for a type of non-lethal kinetic projectile; it is more widely known as a beanbag round. ... CS or 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile (chemical formula: C10H5ClN2) is a substance that is used as a riot control agent and is usually claimed to be non-lethal by the forces who use it. ... The plastic bullet is the name given to a type of nonlethal projectile fired from a specialised gun, used in riot control. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Non-lethal round. ...

External links

  • account of a police riot
  • Cedar Avenue Valentines Police Riot

References

  1. ^ "Yes, a Police Riot," editorial of The New York Times, August 26, 1988, Section A; Page 30, Column 1; Editorial Desk

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Police studies and public order management (2875 words)
Given the Zeitgeist, it seemed obvious that the riot police would be sent in in strength and that a new confrontation between riot police and activists would occur.
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Riot control agents, also called irritants, lacrimators, and tear gas, produce transient discomfort and eye closure to render the recipient temporarily incapable of fighting or resisting.
Paris police used riot control agents to dispel rioters before World War I, and these compounds were the first chemical agents deployed during that war; French soldiers used them with limited success in small skirmishes.
Bypassing the pain receptors of the nose and upper airway by endotracheal administration of CS leads to the same decrease in blood pressure and in respiration seen after intravenous injection and suggests that the initial pressor effect and irregular respiration are responses to a noxious stimulus rather than pharmacologic effects of CS.
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