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Encyclopedia > Police officer
Police officers in South Australia

A police officer (also known as a policeman or police constable, and colloquially as copper, cop or bobby (on the beat)) is a warranted worker of a police force. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1641x2189, 742 KB) Summary South Australian Police Force officers Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: South Australia Police User:Lukeroberts/gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1641x2189, 742 KB) Summary South Australian Police Force officers Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: South Australia Police User:Lukeroberts/gallery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2912 × 4368 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2912 × 4368 pixel, file size: 4. ... Landespolizei is a term used in the Federal Republic of Germany to denote the law enforcement services which patrol the German Bundesländer and is the approximite equivalent to the State police in the United States of America. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... In law, a warrant can mean any authorization. ... For the band, see The Police. ...


As well as general policing, officers can be trained in special duties such as counter-terrorism; surveillance; child protection; royalty or diplomatic protection; and investigating major crime such as fraud, rape, murder, and people or drug trafficking. Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... For other uses, see Surveillance (disambiguation). ... In the United States, the term child welfare is used to describe a set of government services designed to protect children and encourage family stability. ... Protective security units typically provide policing, security, intelligence and bodyguard services for Sovereigns and Princes. ... For other uses, see Human trafficking (disambiguation). ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events...

Contents

Work as a police officer

It must be noted that the responsibilities of a police officer are extremely broad. Officers are expected to be able to respond in some fashion to any and all situations that may arise while they are on duty. Also officers must act as government officials in the cases of investigation. In some communities, rules and procedures governing conduct and duties of police officers requires that they act if needed even when they are off duty. In administrative law, rulemaking refers to the process that executive agencies use to create, or promulgate, regulations. ...


Function in the community

A Chicago police officer patrolling on a Segway

In most Western legal systems, the major role of the police is to maintain order, keeping the peace through enforcement of laws and societal norms. They also function to discourage and investigate crimes, with particular emphasis on crime against people, property, or the law. In order to maintain public order, police have legal authority to apprehend suspected perpetrators, detain them, and then inform the appropriate authorities. See criminal law. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x3008, 703 KB) A chicago police officer on a segway. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x3008, 703 KB) A chicago police officer on a segway. ... Inventor Dean Kamen demonstrates the Segway HT at the U.S. Department of Commerce on February 14, 2002. ... Occident redirects here. ... Deterrence is a theory from behavioural psychology about preventing or controlling actions or behavior through fear of punishment or retribution. ... The term criminal law, sometimes called penal law, refers to any of various bodies of rules in different jurisdictions whose common characteristic is the potential for unique and often severe impositions as punishment for failure to comply. ...


Police are often used as an emergency service and may provide a public safety function at large gatherings, as well as in emergencies, disasters, and search and rescue situations. To provide a prompt response in emergencies, the police often coordinate their operations with fire and emergency medical services. In some jurisdictions, individuals serve jointly as police officers as well as firefighters or paramedics. In many countries there is a common emergency service number that allows the police, firefighters, or medical services to be summoned to an emergency. Emergency services are public services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... Emergency operations or Emergency preparedness is a set of doctrines to prepare civil society to cope with natural or man-made disasters. ... Search and Rescue (acronym SAR) is an operation mounted by emergency services, often well-trained volunteers, to find someone believed to be in distress, lost, sick or injured either in a remote or difficult to access area, such as mountains, desert or forest (Wilderness search and rescue), or at sea... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... Emergency medical service (known by the acronym of EMS in the USA and Canada) is a branch of medicine that is performed in the field, pre-hospital, (i. ... Many countries public telephone networks have a single emergency telephone number, sometimes known as the universal emergency telephone number or occasionally the emergency services number, that allows a caller to contact local emergency services for assistance. ...


Police are also responsible for reporting minor offenses by issuing citations which typically may result in the imposition of fines, particularly for violations of traffic law. Traffic enforcement is often and effectively accomplished by police officers on motorcycles — called motor officers, these officers refer to the motorcycles they ride on duty as simply motors. Police sometimes involve themselves in the maintenance of public order, even where no legal transgressions have occurred — for example, in some Australian jurisdictions, people who are drunk and causing a public nuisance may be removed to a "drying-out center" until they recover from the effects of the alcohol. Police are also trained to assist persons in distress, such motorists whose car has broken down and people experiencing a medical emergency. Police are typically trained in basic first aid such as CPR. In primarily US law, a citation, also known as a ticket, is a notification that one has committed a minor legal infraction, for which a fine must be paid and/or and an appearance in court has to be made (see also summons). ... A fine is money paid as a financial punishment for the commission of minor crimes or as the settlement of a claim. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A motorcycle (or motorbike) is a two-wheeled vehicle powered by an engine. ... Drunkenness, in its most common usage, is the state of being intoxicated with alcohol (i. ... For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ...


In addition, many park rangers are nowadays commissioned as law enforcement officers and carry out a law-enforcement role within national parks and other backcountry wilderness and recreational areas. Military police perform law enforcement functions within the military. NPS director Mary Bomar in her park ranger uniform A park ranger is a person charged with protecting and preserving protected parklands, forests (then called a forest ranger), wilderness areas, as well as other natural resources and protected cultural resources. ... This article is about national parks. ... The Singapore Armed Forces Military Police Command providing security coverage at the Padang in Singapore during the National Day Parade in 2000. ...

A motor officer patrolling in Arizona on a BMW "motor"

Image File history File links Motor-officer. ... Image File history File links Motor-officer. ...

Alternative view of role of policing

Police can serve as an instrument of oppression in jurisdictions where the political climate is hostile to plurality. Police forces have been used historically to suppress dissent and crush protests when political leaders had the authority to place such limits on freedom to assemble. Police brutality is a term generally applied to oppressive or violent actions by police officers in a jurisdiction where the citizens freedoms may have been violated by police overstepping their authority. January 31 1919: David Kirkwood on the ground after being struck by batons of the Glasgow police Police brutality is a term used to describe the excessive use of physical force, assault, verbal attacks, and threats by police officers and other law enforcement officers. ...


In socialist and anarchist theory and analysis, the police are seen as the main force responsible for defending the interests of the bourgeoisie and maintaining the status quo, primarily by protecting private property and capital from the "dispossessed" classes (the "proletariat"). Socialists and anarchists argue that although police may have in at least some cases the responsibility for maintaining the safety of citizens and even carry out such a responsibility, most crimes originate from class inequality or the psychological effects of this as well as hierarchy, and therefore that these crimes would not exist in a classless and non-hierarchical society, where goods are evenly distributed and hierarchy has been removed. Socialism refers to the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Anarchist redirects here. ... Bourgeois redirects here. ... This article is about the English rock band. ... This page deals with property as ownership rights. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ... Differences in national income equality around the world as measured by the national Gini coefficient. ... Social hierarchy is a multi-tiered pyramid-like social or functional structure having an apex as the centralization of power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ...


Under socialist theories of law, the law, and the state itself, are established to serve as a tool of the dominant class or classes of a society. In a Communist society, this has meant that law is intended to serve as a tool of the Communist party in promoting and protecting the revolution and overseeing the restructuring of society. In practice, this meant that police in Communist countries have had a role as secret police against political opponents and dissidents against the Party. This has presented a challenge for post-Communist societies trying to establish effective police institutions and the rule of law, as the vacuum following Party dominance and the memories of the activities of predecessors such as the NKVD, KGB, Stasi and Securitate left many post-Communist states without police forces widely considered legitimate or respectable. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Socialist Legality. ... This article is about secret police as organizations. ... Post-Communism is a name sometimes given to the period of political and economic transition in former communist states located in parts of Europe and Asia, usually transforming into a free market capitalist and globalized economy. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The rule of law, in its most basic form, is the principle that no one is above the law. ... Emblem of the NKVD The NKVD (Russian: ,  ) or Peoples Commissariat for Internal Affairs was the leading secret police organization of the Soviet Union that was responsible for political repression during the Stalinist era. ... This article is about the KGB of the Soviet Union. ... Logo of East Germanys Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MfS or Stasi) / Ministry for State Security This article is about Stasi, the secret police of East Germany. ... The Securitate (Romanian for Security; official full name Departamentul Securităţii Statului, State Security Department), was the secret police force of Communist Romania. ...


Qualifications

In most countries, candidates for the police force must have completed some formal education. Increasing numbers of people are joining the police force who possess tertiary education and in response to this many police forces have developed a "fast-track" scheme whereby those with university degrees spend 2-3 years as a police constable before receiving promotion to higher ranks, such as sergeants, inspectors etc. (Officers who work within investigative divisions or plainclothes are not necessarily a higher rank but merely do a slightly different job.) Police officers are also recruited from those with experience in the military or security services. Most law enforcement agencies now have measurable physical fitness requirements for officers. In the United States state laws may codify state-wide qualification standards regarding age, education, criminal record, and training but in other places requirements are set by local police agencies. Students attend a lecture at a tertiary institution. ... It has been suggested that double degree be merged into this article or section. ... Physical fitness is an attribute required for service in virtually all military forces. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... In law, codification is the process of collecting and restating the law of a jurisdiction in certain areas, usually by subject, forming the legal code. ...


Police agencies are usually semi-military in organization, so that with specified experience or training qualifications officers become eligible for promotion to a higher supervisory rank, such as sergeant. Promotion is not automatic and usually requires the candidate to pass some kind of examination, interview board or other selection procedure. Although promotion normally includes an increase in salary, it also brings with it an increase in responsibility and for most, an increase in administrative paperwork. Unlike military service, it is not unusual for police officers to remain or choose to remain at lower levels, never getting promoted. There is no stigma attached to this - experienced line patrol officers are highly regarded. This article is about the Atlas Supervisor computer program. ... For other uses, see Sergeant (disambiguation). ... Romanino, Superintendent paying the workers, 1531-32, fresco, Castello del Buonconsiglio, Trento, Italy. ...


After completing a certain period of service, officers may also apply for specialist positions, such as detective, police dog handler, mounted police officer, motorcycle officer, water police officer, or firearms officer (in forces which are not routinely armed). Gumshoe redirects here. ... Police dog getting ready to search a vehicle for drugs A policemans dog is a dog that is trained specifically to assist police and similar law-enforcement personnel with their work. ... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride Mounted police are police who patrol on horseback. ... An NYPD boat on patrol in New York Harbor A Metropolitan Police launch on the River Thames in London A Chicago Police Department boat on Lake Michigan Water police, also called harbour patrols, port police, marine police, or river police, are police officers, usually a department of a larger police... An Authorised Firearms Officer (AFO) is a British police officer who has received the training and authorisation to carry and use firearms. ...


In some countries such as in Singapore, police ranks may also be beefed up through conscription, similar to national service in the military. Qualifications may thus be relaxed or enhanced depending on the target mix of conscripts. In Singapore, for example, conscripts face tougher physical requirements in areas such as eyesight, but are less stringent with minimum academic qualification requirements. Some police officers also join as volunteers, who again may do so via differing qualification requirements. National service is a common name for compulsory or voluntary military service programs. ...


Dangers and rewards of being a police officer

Due to the unpredictable nature of law enforcement, police officers have the potential to encounter many dangerous situations in the course of their career. Officers face an increased risk of infectious diseases, physical injury and death, as well as the potential for emotional disorder due to both the high stress and inherently adversarial nature of police work. These dangers are encountered in many different situations e.g. the investigation, pursuit, and apprehension of criminals, motor vehicle stops, crimes, response to terrorism, intervention in domestic disputes, investigating traffic accidents, and directing traffic. The constant risk, uncertainty and tension inherent in law enforcement and the exposure to vast amounts of human suffering and violence can lead susceptible individuals to anxiety, depression, and alcoholism. This false-colored electron micrograph shows a malaria sporozoite migrating through the midgut epithelia. ... The Trikke is a Human Powered Vehicle (HPV) Automobiles are among the most commonly used engine powered vehicles. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Individuals are drawn to police work for many reasons. Among these often include a desire to protect the public and social order from criminals and danger; a desire to hold a position of respect and authority; a disdain for or antipathy towards criminals and rule breakers; the professional challenges of the work; the employment benefits that are provided with civil service jobs in many countries; the sense of camaraderie that often holds among police; or a family tradition of police work or civil service. An important task of the recruitment activity of police agencies in many countries is screening potential candidates to determine the fitness of their character and personality for the work, often through background investigations and consultation with a psychologist. Even though police work is very dangerous, police officers are still seen by some people as necessary to maintain order. As a result, police officers are generally held in high regard by the population they serve. This can vary from country to country however, depending on past experiences with the police or general national perception.


Line of duty deaths

Line of duty deaths are deaths which occur while an officer is conducting his or her appointed duties. Despite the increased risk of being a victim of a homicide, automobile accidents are the most common cause of officer deaths. Officers are more likely to be involved in traffic accidents because of their large amount of time spent conducting vehicle patrols, as well as their work outside their vehicles alongside or on the roadway, or in dangerous pursuits. Officers killed by suspects make up a smaller proportion of deaths. In the U.S. in 2005, 156 line of duty deaths were recorded of which 44% were from assaults on officers, 35% vehicle related (only 3% during vehicular pursuits) and the rest from other causes: heart attacks during arrests/foot pursuits, diseases contracted from suspects, accidental gun discharges, falls, and drownings.[1]


Police officers who die in the line of duty, especially those who die from the actions of suspects, are often given elaborate funerals, attended by large numbers of fellow officers. Their families may also be eligible for special pensions. Fallen officers are often remembered in public memorials such as the U.S.'s National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial. National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial reflecting pool, with the National Building Museum in the background. ...


Statistically, 18,838 law enforcement officers are known to have died in the line of duty in the United States. In Canada, 757 law enforcement officers met a similar fate. In the United Kingdom, about 3,600 law enforcement officers are known to have died in the line of duty. The Singapore Police Force registered just over 100 deaths in a century up to the year 2000. The Jurong Police Division Headquarters at Jurong West Avenue 5. ... This is a listing of Singapore police officers from the Singapore Police Force killed in the line of duty, based on records from the year 1900 to the present. ...


Equipment

A typical police officer, dependent on duties may carry various equipment on their duty belt, to assist them in performing their duties The duty belt of a British police officer, with Hiatts Speedcuffs, handcuff keys and CS spray visible A police duty belt (known in the United States as gun belts[1]) is a nylon or leather belt designed for police officers to carry equipment which enables them to conduct their duties...


The equipment carried typically includes some or all of the following:

Vehicle-based officers may also typically carry additional equipment, as would those assigned to specialist units. A Browning 9 millimeter Hi-Power Ordnance pistol of the French Navy, 19th century, using a Percussion cap mechanism Derringers were small and easily hidden. ... Man in a ballistic vest A ballistic vest or bullet-proof vest is an item of armor that absorbs the impact from gun-fired projectiles and explosive fragments fired at the torso. ... “Truncheon” redirects here. ... A pair of handcuffs Handcuffs are restraint devices designed to secure an individuals wrists close together. ... A demonstrator is cuffed with plasticuffs. ... A police notebook holder. ... Pepper spray (also known as OC spray (from Oleoresin Capsicum), OC gas, capsicum spray, or oleoresin capsicum) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness) that is used in riot control, crowd control and personal self-defense, including defense... CS gas is the common name for 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile (also called o-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile) (chemical formula: C10H5ClN2), a substance that is used as a riot control agent and is generally accepted as being non-lethal. ... Firearms redirects here. ... An electroshock weapon is an incapacitant weapon used for subduing a person by administering electric shock aimed at disrupting superficial muscle functions. ... For the Parliament song, see Flash Light (song). ... A blue nitrile medical glove. ...


Equipment carried on patrol vehicles might typically include:

Traffic cones are usually used to divert traffic. ... A megaphone, with a three-inch lighter to scale. ... Kevin is the best person in the world [Image:Breathalyzer. ... U.S. Army soldier uses a radar gun to catch speeding violators at Tallil Air Base, Iraq. ... ProViDa is a form of video camera used in police cars in Europe. ...

Transport

Mounted police patrol an urban center in Finland by horseback.

Police officers may patrol on foot, but most commonly have some form of transport.

Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor of the United States Federal Protective Service. ... A Police motorcycle is a motorcycle used by various police departments. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police Musical Ride Mounted police are police who patrol on horseback. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Honoring Officers Killed in the Year 2005

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Police officers

In the broad sense a peace officer is any public sector person charged to uphold the peace. ... The Singapore Armed Forces Military Police Command providing security coverage at the Padang in Singapore during the National Day Parade in 2000. ... January 31 1919: David Kirkwood on the ground after being struck by batons of the Glasgow police Police brutality is a term used to describe the excessive use of physical force, assault, verbal attacks, and threats by police officers and other law enforcement officers. ... Not to be confused with C.O.P.S. (TV series). ... The police procedural is a sub-genre of the mystery story which attempts to accurately depict the activities of a police force as they investigate crimes. ... Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837–June 24, 1908), was the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. ... Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... For other persons named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

External links

  • http://www.newscotlandyard.police.uk/foi/pdfs/other_information/corporate/operational_uniform_and_equipment.pdf
  • http://www.west-midlands.police.uk/publications/freedom-of-information/policy.asp?id=144
  • http://www.gmp.police.uk/mainsite/pages/pcsouniform.htm,ts=2
  • http://www.policelink.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
MSP - Police Officer and Fire Fighter Survivor Tuition Act (779 words)
Further, the deceased police officer must have been a sheriff or sheriff deputy, village or township marshal, a police officer of any city, village, or township, an officer of the state police, or any other police officer trained and certified pursuant to the Commission on Law Enforcement Standards Act.
Provide satisfactory evidence to the Department of State Police that the applicant is an eligible child or surviving spouse of a police officer or firefighter killed in the line of duty.
Be certified by the financial aid officer of the eligible college or university that the waiver is needed to meet education expenses.
Police officer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1937 words)
A police officer (also known as a constable in some countries) is employed in most cases by national, state/provincial or municipal governments and has the responsibility (or duty) of enforcing federal, state/provincial laws along with municipal/city ordinances.
Police officers are required to keep notes of all situations in which they take action and appear as witnesses during both criminal prosecutions and civil litigation.
Police officers are constantly being faced with the unknown and the unpredictable.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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