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Encyclopedia > Pole vault

Pole vaulting is an athletic event where a person uses a long, flexible pole (usually made either of fiberglass or carbon fiber) as an aid to leap over a bar. Pole jumping competitions were known to the ancient Greeks, as well as the Cretans and Celts, but with these exceptions there is no record of its ancient practice as a sport. Download high resolution version (768x1024, 95 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 95 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A womens 400m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European people. ...

Contents

History

Poles were used as a practical means of passing over natural obstacles in places such as the marshy provinces of Friesland in The Netherlands, along the North Sea, and the great level of the Fens of Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire and Norfolk. The artificial draining of these marshes created a network of open drains or canals intersecting each other at right angles. In order to cross these without getting wet, while avoiding tedious roundabout journeys over bridges, a stack of jumping poles was kept at every house and used for vaulting over the canals. In Friesland, where it is called fierljeppen, it has continued to be a folkloristic activity with annual competitions. Broad-jumping with the pole, though the original form of the sport, has never found its way into organized athletics, the high jump being the only form recognized. Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Fens may also refer to the Back Bay Fens, park in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... Huntingdonshire (abbreviated Hunts) is a part of England around Huntingdon, which is currently administered as a local government district of Cambridgeshire. ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. ... Norfolk (IPA: //) is a low-lying county in East Anglia in the east of southern England. ... Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Fierljeppen is a traditional Frysian/Dutch sport and one of the most complex athletic sports known to date. ... Folklore is the body of expressive culture, including tales, music, dance, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs, customs, material culture, and so forth within a particular population comprising the traditions (including oral traditions) of that culture, subculture, or group. ...


In the Canary Islands, a folk sport known as salto del pastor was once used for transport over dangerous mountain terrain by aboriginal populations; today it is a recreational activity superficially resembling pole vaulting. Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 13th  7,447 km²  1. ... Salto del pastor (English: the Shepherds Leap) is a spectacular folk sport practiced throughout the Canary Islands. ...


Modern competitions probably began around 1850 in Germany, when it was added to the gymnastic exercises of the Turner by Johann C. F. GutsMuths and Frederich L. Jahn. The modern pole vaulting technique was developed in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century. In Great Britain, it was first practiced at the Caledonian Games. Initially, vaulting poles were made from stiff materials such as bamboo or aluminium; later, the introduction of flexible vaulting poles made from composites such as fiberglass or carbon fiber allowed vaulters to achieve new heights. Physical attributes such as speed and agility are essential to pole vaulting effectively, but technical skill is an equally if not more important element. The object of pole vaulting is to clear a bar or stick supported upon two uprights without knocking it down. For the game, see: 1850 (board game) Year 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 26. ... Composite materials (or composites for short) are engineering materials made from two or more components. ... Bundle of fiberglass Fiberglass or glassfibre is material made from extremely fine fibers of glass. ... Carbon fiber composite is a strong, light and very expensive material. ...


Pole vault technology

Competitive pole vaulting began with bamboo poles. As the heights attained increased, the bamboo poles gave way to tubular steel, which was tapered at each end. Today's pole vaulters benefit from poles produced by wrapping sheets of fiberglass around a pole mandrel (pattern), to produce a slightly pre-bent pole that bends more easily under the compression caused by an athlete's take-off. Different fiberglass types, including carbon-fiber, are used to give poles specific characteristics intended to promote higher jumps. In recent years, carbon fiber has been added to the commonly used E-glass and S-glass prepreg materials in order to create a pole with a lighter carry weight. Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ... Bundle of fiberglass Fiberglass or glassfibre is material made from extremely fine fibers of glass. ...


As in the high jump, the landing area was originally a heap of sawdust or sand where athletes landed on their feet. As technology enabled higher vaults, mats evolved into bags of large chunks of foam. Today's high tech mats are solid pieces of foam usually 1-1.5 meters thick. Mats are growing larger in area as well, in order to minimize any chance of injury. Proper landing technique is on the back or shoulders. Landing on the feet must be trained out of the athlete, to eliminate the risk of spraining or breaking an ankle. Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. ...


Rule changes over the years have resulted in larger landing areas and additional padding of all hard and unyielding surfaces.


The pole vault crossbar has evolved from a triangular aluminium bar to a round fiberglass bar with rubber ends.


Modern vaulting

See also: World Record progression in pole vault for men and for women

Today, athletes compete in the pole vault as one of the four jumping events in track and field. It is also the eighth event in the decathlon. During a competition, a bar progression is chosen by an event official. The progression goes from an initial height, called the opening height, presumably a height that all competitors are capable of clearing, and progresses higher by even increments. Typical increments are six inches in American high school competitions, or 10 to 15 cm in collegiate and elite competitions. Competitors can enter the competition at any point in the progression. Once the competitor enters at a certain height, he has three attempts to clear the bar. If the vaulter clears, even if the vaulter missed one of his attempts, he gets three fresh attempts at the next height. At any time, a vaulter may decide to pass on a height, coming in at a higher one. If a vaulter has used any of his attempts on the height he decided to pass, he takes those attempts with him and has fewer attempts on the higher height. A "no height", often denoted NH, refers to the failure of a vaulter to clear any bar during the competition. The first World Record in Pole Vault for men (athletics) was recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) in 1912. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Jumping bottlenose dolphin A person jumping on a trampoline Two participants in a game of leapfrog A handballplayer jumping towards the goal Jumping is an ability that most humans and many animals share to some degree. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... // The Decathlon Day 1: 100 m long jump shot put High Jump 400 m Day 2: 110m hurdles discus throw pole vault javelin throw 1500 m Decathlon sprouted from the ancient game pentathlon. ...


Having cleared the highest height, the last competitor remaining in the competition wins. Vaulters are placed first, second and so forth according to their highest cleared height and the number of attempts that were taken to clear that height. A tie can occur when two or more vaulters have the same number of misses at every height. Ties can be broken in what is known as a jump-off. A jump-off is a sudden death competition in which both vaulters attempt the same height, starting with the last attempted height. If both vaulters miss, the bar goes down by a small increment, and if both clear, the bar goes up by a small increment. A jump-off ends when one vaulter clears and the other misses. Sudden death (or a sudden death round) is a way of providing a winner for a contest or game (typically a sport) which would otherwise end in a tie. ...


In Britain at one time the vaulter was allowed to climb the pole when it is at the perpendicular. Tom Ray, of Ulverston in Cumbria, who was champion of the world in 1887, was able to gain several feet in this manner. However, this method is now illegal and if the vaulter's grip moves above his top hand after takeoff, the vault is marked as a miss. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Cumbria (IPA: ), is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. ...


The equipment and rules for pole vaulting are similar to the high jump. Unlike high jump though, the athlete in the vault has the ability to select the horizontal position of the bar before each jump and can place it between 0 and 80 cm beyond the back of the box, the metal pit that the pole is placed into immediately before takeoff. If the pole used by the athlete dislodges the bar from the uprights a foul attempt is ruled, even if the athlete himself has cleared the height. There is an exception to this, if the vaulter is vaulting outdoors, and has made a clear effort to throw the pole back, but the wind has blown it into the bar then it would still count as a clearance. If the pole breaks during the execution of a vault, the competitor will be allowed another attempt. Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. ...


There are many physical, psychological, and environmental factors that can contribute to the success or failure of an attempt, including speed, technique, height, jumping ability, strength, confidence and mental preparedness, wind speed and direction, temperature, etc. The vaulter must choose a pole with length and stiffness that is matched to his ability, which may vary according to the above conditions. The mere act of choosing a pole can have a significant effect on a vaulter's jump, as a pole that is too elastic will cause the vaulter to penetrate too far into the pit, sometimes flying underneath the bar before achieving maximum height, and a pole that is too stiff can cause the vaulter to be rejected backwards, in extreme cases landing back on the runway or in the box. Galunggung in 1982, showing a combination of natural events. ... Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul and logos = word) is the study of mind, thought, and behaviour. ... An environment is a complex of external factors that acts on a system and determines its course and form of existence. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up Technique in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The magnitude of physical strength, often referred to as just strength, determines the ability of a person or animal to exert force on physical objects using muscles. ... Confidence is trust or faith that a person or thing is capable. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Fig. ...

Poles are manufactured with ratings corresponding to the vaulter's recommended maximum weight. Some organizations forbid vaulters to use poles rated below their weight as a safety precaution. The recommended weight corresponds to a flex rating that is determined by the manufacturer by placing a standardized amount of stress on the pole and measuring how much the center of the pole is displaced. Therefore, two poles rated at the same weight are not necessarily the same stiffness. Because pole stiffness and length are important factors to a vaulter's performance, it is not uncommon for an elite vaulter to carry as many as 10 poles to a competition. The effective properties of a pole can be changed by gripping the pole higher or lower in relation to the top of the pole. The left and right handgrips are typically about shoulder width apart. Poles are manufactured for people of all skill levels, with sizes as small as 10 feet, 90 lb, to as large as 17+ feet, 230 pounds.

Phases of pole vaulting

Phases of Pole Vaulting

Although there are many techniques used by vaulters at various skill levels to clear the bar, the generally accepted technical model can be broken down into several phases, listed and described below: Download high resolution version (768x1024, 103 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 103 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 100 KB) I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 100 KB) I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 95 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 95 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 89 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 89 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 93 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 93 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (768x1024, 93 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (768x1024, 93 KB)I took these pictures by: Hunter Peress Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


The approach

The approach consists of the vaulter sprinting down the runway in such a way as to achieve maximum speed and correct take-off position upon reaching the pit. The pole is usually carried upright to some degree at the beginning of the approach, then gradually lowered as the vaulter gets closer to the pit. By doing this the vaulter can use the potential energy stored from carrying the pole upright to his advantage. It is common for vaulters to use long, powerful strides at the beginning of the approach, then accelerate by increasing stride frequency while maintaining the same stride length. Unlike short sprinting events such as the 100 m in which a forward lean is used to accelerate, vaulters maintain an upright torso position throughout the approach because staying as tall as possible is important to the next phase of the vault. Potential energy is the energy that is by virtue of the relative positions (configurations) of the objects within a physical system. ... (Redirected from 100 m) 100m is the classic sprint race distance. ...


The plant and take-off

The plant and take off is initiated typically three steps out from the final step. Vaulters (usually) will count their steps backwards from their starting point to the box only counting the steps taken on the left foot (vice-versa for left handers) except for the second step from the box, which is taken by the right foot. For example; a vaulter on a "ten count" (referring to the number of counted steps from the starting point to the box) would count backwards from ten, only counting the steps taken with the left foot, until the last three steps taken and both feet are counted as three, two, one. These last three steps are normally quicker than the previous strides and are referred to as the "turn-over".The goal of this phase is to efficiently translate the kinetic energy accumulated from the approach into potential energy stored by the elasticity of the pole, and to gain as much initial vertical height as possible by jumping off the ground. The plant starts with the vaulter raising his arms up from around the hips or mid-torso until they are fully outstretched above his head, with the right arm extended directly above the head and the left arm extended perpendicular to the pole (vice-versa for left handed vaulters). At the same time, the vaulter is dropping the pole tip into the box. On the final step, the vaulter jumps off the trail leg which should always remain straight and then drives the front knee forward. As the pole slides into the back of the box the pole begins to bend and the vaulter continues up and forward, leaving the trail leg angled down and behind him The kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion. ... Potential energy is the energy that is by virtue of the relative positions (configurations) of the objects within a physical system. ...


The swing and row

The swing and row simply consists of the vaulter swinging his trail leg forward and rowing his arms down, while trying to keep both arms and left leg as straight as possible. Effectively, this causes a double pendulum motion, with the top of the pole moving forward and pivoting from the box, while the vaulter acts as a second pendulum pivoting from the right hand. This action results in even more potential energy being stored in the pole, all of which will be returned to the vaulter in later phases. The swing continues until the hands are near the shins and feet of the vaulter, with the vaulter facing upward in a curled position. The curled position is also known as "the basket" and is generally held slightly longer when trying to attain higher heights. Simple gravity pendulum assumes no air resistance and no friction of/at the nail/screw. ...


Alternate swing methods

Another form of swing is called the double leg drop. After executing a normal take-off, the vaulter lets his lead leg drop and swings with both legs together. In doing this, the weight of the vaulter's lower body is centered further from his rotational axis, making it more difficult for the vaulter to swing with as great a speed as with a single legged swing. For the same reason, a vaulter with constant rotational speed will load the pole with more energy using a double legged swing than a single legged swing. Because the slower swing can make it more difficult for a vaulter to get in position for the rockback, the double leg drop is typically not taught as the conventional method. A successful double leg drop is exemplified by French vaulter Jean Galfione. Jean Galfione (born 9 June 1971 in Paris) is a French athlete. ...


A third form of swing is called the tuck and shoot. This is accomplished by tucking both legs in toward the chest rather than leaving the trail leg extended. This has the opposite effect of the double leg drop: it shortens the lower body about the rotational axis, making the swing faster, but lessening the pole-loading effect of the swing. Because a shorter rotational axis can make it more difficult to use larger poles than with a longer axis, the tuck and shoot is also not considered the conventional method. A successful tuck and shoot is exemplified by American record-holder Jeff Hartwig. Jeff Hartwig (Born:25 September 1967 in St. ...


The extension

The extension refers to the extension of the hips upward with outstretched legs as the shoulders drive down, causing the vaulter to be positioned upside down. This position is often referred to as "inversion". While this phase is executed, the pole begins to recoil, propelling the vaulter quickly upward. The hands of the vaulter remain close to his body as they move from the shins back to the region around the hips and upper torso.


The turn

The turn is executed immediately after or even during the end of the rockback. As the name implies, the vaulter turns 180° toward the pole while extending the arms down past the head and shoulders. Typically the vaulter will begin to angle his body toward the bar as the turn is executed, although ideally the vaulter will remain as vertical as possible. A more accurate description of this phase of the vault may be "the spin" because the vaulter spins around an imaginary axis from head to toe.


The fly-away

This is often highly emphasized by spectators and novice vaulters, but it is arguably the easiest phase of the vault and is a result of proper execution of previous phases. This phase mainly consists of the vaulter pushing off of the pole and releasing it so it falls away from the bar and mats. As his body goes over and around the bar, the vaulter is facing the bar. Rotation of the body over the bar occurs naturally, and the vaulter's main concern is making sure that his arms, face and any other appendages do not knock the bar off as he goes over. The vaulter should land near the middle of the foam landing mats, or pits, face up.


The pole vault is exciting to watch because of the extreme heights reached by competitors, and the inherent danger of the activity, two elements which combine to make it popular with spectators.


The current men's world record is 6.14 metres (20 ft, 1¾ in), held by Sergey Bubka of Ukraine, set on 30 June 1994 in Sestriere. The current women's world record is 5.01 metres (16 ft, 5¼ in), held by Yelena Isinbayeva of Russia, set on 12 August 2005 in Helsinki. Sergey Bubka (Сергій Бубка) (born 14 December 1963 in Voroshilovgrad U.S.S.R., today Luhansk, Ukraine) is an Ukrainian (and former Soviet) athlete. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Sestriere (French: Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a [[comune of the Province of Turin, at 44°57′N 6°53′E, at 2035 m above sea-level, with 838 inhabitants (2003). ... Yelena Isinbayeva (Russian: Елена Исинбаева; born June 3, 1982 in Volgograd) is a Russian pole vaulter. ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - Lord Mayor Jussi Pajunen  - Mayor Pekka Korpinen  - Mayor Ilkka-Christian Björklund  - Mayor Pekka Sauri  - Mayor Paula Kokkonen Area  - City 187. ...


Terminology

The following are terms commonly used in pole vault:

  • Bar: This is the cross bar that is suspended above the ground by the standards.
  • Box: A trapezoidal indentation in the ground with a metal or fiberglass covering at the end of the runway in which vaulters "plant" their pole. The back wall of the box is nearly vertical and is approximately 8 inches in depth. The bottom of the box gradually slopes upward approximately 3-feet until it is level with the runway. The covering in the box ensures the pole will slide to the back of the box without catching on anything. The covering's lip overlaps onto the runway and ensures a smooth transition from all-weather surface so a pole being planted does not catch on the box.
  • Drive knee: During the plant phase, the knee is driven forward at the time of "takeoff" to help propel the vaulter upward.
  • Grip: This is where the vaulter's top hand is on the pole. As the vaulter improves his grip may move up the pole incrementally. The other hand is typically placed shoulder-width down from the top hand. Hands are not allowed to grip the very top of the pole (their hand perpendicular to the pole) for safety reasons.
  • Jump foot: This is also referred to as the take-off foot. The jump foot is the foot that the vaulter uses to leave the ground as he begins his vault.
  • Pit: The mats used for landing in pole vault.
  • Plant position: This is the position a vaulter is in the moment the pole reaches the back of the box and the vaulter begins his vault. His arms are fully extended and his drive knee begins to come up as he jumps.
  • Pole: The fiberglass equipment used to propel the vaulter up and over the bar. One side is more stiff than the other to facilitate the bending of the pole after the plant. A vaulter may rest the pole on his arm to determine which side is the stiff side.
  • Standards: The equipment that holds the bar at a particular height above the ground. Standards may be adjusted to raise and lower the bar and also to adjust the horizontal position of the bar.
  • Steps: Since the box is in a fixed position, vaulters must adjust their approach to ensure they are in the correct position when attempting to vault.
  • Swing leg or trail leg: The swing leg is also the jump foot. After a vaulter has left the ground, the leg that was last touching the ground stays extended and swings forward to help propel the vaulter upwards.
  • Volzing: A method of holding or pushing the bar back onto the pegs while jumping over a height. This takes amazing skill, however it is now against the rules and counted as a miss. The technique is named after U.S. Olympian Dave Volz, who made an artform of the practice and surprised many by making the U.S. Olympic team in 1996.

6 metres club

The so-called "6 metres club", which consists of pole vaulters who have reached at least 6 metres (approximately 19 ft. 7 in.) , is very prestigious. In 1985 Sergei Bubka became the first pole vaulter to clear 6 metres; he also holds the current outdoor world record at 6.14 metres, set on 31 July 1994 in Sestriere. Sergei Bubka (Ukrainian: ) (born December 4, 1963) is a retired Ukrainian pole vaulter. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sestriere (French: Sestrières) is an alpine village in Italy, a [[comune of the Province of Turin, at 44°57′N 6°53′E, at 2035 m above sea-level, with 838 inhabitants (2003). ...


All "6 metres club" members are men. The only woman to exceed 5 metres is Russian women's world-record holder Yelena Isinbayeva, who reached that height in 2005 and broke her own record that same year with 5.01 metres. Yelena Isinbayeva (Russian: Елена Исинбаева; born June 3, 1982 in Volgograd) is a Russian pole vaulter. ...

Statue "Serhij Bubka", Donetsk
Name of athlete Nation Outdoors Indoors Year first
cleared
6 metres
Sergey Bubka  Soviet Union /  Ukraine 6.14 m 6.15 m 1985
Maksim Tarasov  Russia 6.05 m 6.00 m 1997
Dmitri Markov  Belarus /  Australia 6.05 m [1] 1998
Okkert Brits  South Africa 6.03 m [2] 1995
Jeff Hartwig  United States 6.03 m [3] 6.02 m 1998
Igor Trandenkov  Russia 6.01 m 1996
Tim Mack  United States 6.01 m 2004
Radion Gataullin  Soviet Union /  Uzbekistan 6.00 m 6.02 m 1989
Tim Lobinger  Germany 6.00 m 1997
Toby Stevenson  United States 6.00 m 2004
Paul Burgess  Australia 6.00 m 2005
Brad Walker  United States 6.00 m 2006
Jean Galfione  France 6.00 m 1999
Danny Ecker  Germany 6.00 m 2001

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (496x1155, 38 KB) Description: de:Serhij Bubka-Statue at Donetsk Source: selbst fotografiert Date: created 21. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (496x1155, 38 KB) Description: de:Serhij Bubka-Statue at Donetsk Source: selbst fotografiert Date: created 21. ... Map of Ukraine with Donetsk highlighted. ... Sergey Bubka (Сергій Бубка) (born 14 December 1963 in Voroshilovgrad U.S.S.R., today Luhansk, Ukraine) is an Ukrainian (and former Soviet) athlete. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Maksim Tarasov (born 2 December 1970 in Yaroslavl) is a retired pole vaulter who represented the USSR, the Unified Team, and later Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Dmitri Markov (born March 14, 1975 in Vitebsk, Belarus) is an Australian athlete competing in the pole vault. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Okkert Brits (born August 22, 1973 in Uitenhage) is a South African athlete competing in the pole vault. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Jeff Hartwig (Born:25 September 1967 in St. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Igor Trandenkov (born August 17, 1966) is a retired Russian pole vaulter best known for winning two Olympic silver medals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Timothy Mack (born September 15, 1972 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American pole vaulter who became Olympic champion in 2004. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Rodion Gataullin (Russian: ) (born 23 November 1965 in Tashkent, Uzbek SSR) is a retired Uzbek pole vaulter who trained at Burevestnik in Tashkent and represented the USSR and later Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Tim Lobinger (born September 3, 1972 in Rheinbach) is a German track and field athlete. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Toby Stevenson, born November 19, 1976 in Odessa, Texas, is an Olympic class pole vaulter. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Paul Burgess (born 14 August 1979 in Perth, Western Australia) is an Australian pole vaulter who become only the thirteenth pole vaulter in the world to reach 6 metres. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Brad Walker (born June 21, 1981 in Aberdeen, South Dakota) is an American pole vaulter. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Jean Galfione (born 9 June 1971 in Paris) is a French athlete. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Danny Ecker. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

References

  • Yelena Isinbayeva UnOfficial Web
  • IAAF Handbook
  • Monika Pyrek Official Web

6 metres club

  • Official All Time Top List (outdoor) - IAAF
  • Official All Time Top List (indoor) - IAAF
  • All-time men's best pole vault

The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ... The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Current Commonwealth and Oceanic record
  2. ^ Current African record
  3. ^ Current North American record
Athletics events

Sprints: 60 m | 100 m | 200 m | 400 m Sprints are short running races in athletics. ... 60 metres is a sprint event in athletics. ... For other uses of 100 metres, see 1 E2 m. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 400 m is a common track running event. ...


Hurdles: 60 m hurdles | 100 m hurdles | 110 m hurdles | 400 m hurdles Hurdling is running over obstacles. ... A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... A hurdling World Champion, Perdita Felicien, Canada. ... The 110m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field athletics discipline run by men. ... Womens 400m Hurdles The 400m Hurdles are an Olympic track and field (athletics) discipline. ...


Middle distance: 800 m | 1500 m | 3000 m | steeplechase Middle distance track events are track races longer than sprints up to (and arguably including) 5000 meters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1,500 metres is a premier middle distance track event. ... A track event where you run 7 and 1/2 times around a 400m track. ... The steeplechase is an obstacle race in athletics (track and field), which derives its name from the steeplechase in horse racing. ...


Long distance: 5,000 m | 10,000 m | half marathon | marathon | ultramarathon | multiday races | Cross country running Long-distance track event races require runners to balance their energy. ... 5000 meters, a popular running distance also known as a 5 km, colloquially five-K (equal to 3. ... ... In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... Modern day marathon runners The word marathon refers to a long-distance road running event of 42. ... An ultramarathon is any running event longer than the traditional marathon length of 42. ... Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days. ... The Minnesota State High school Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ...


Relays: 4 × 100 m | 4 × 400 m;       Race walking During a relay race, members of a team take turns swimming or running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. ... The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 meters each. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mens 20 km walk during the 2005 World Championships in Athletics in Helsinki, Finland. ...


Throws: Discus | Hammer | Javelin | Shot put Statue of discus thrower in Botanic Garden, Copenhagen, Denmark The Discus throw is an athletic throwing event in track and field competition. ... The modern or Olympic hammer throw is an athletic throwing event where the object to be thrown is a heavy steel ball attached with wire (maximum 4 ft (1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shot put The shot put is an athletics (track and field) event involving putting (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball (called the shot) as far as possible. ...


Jumps: High jump | Long jump | Pole vault | Triple jump Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. ... Long jumper at the GE Money Grand Prix in Helsinki, July 2005. ... The triple jump is an athletics (track and field) event, previously also known as hop, step and jump, whose various names describe the actions a competitor takes. ...


Combination: Pentathlon | Heptathlon | Decathlon The womens pentathlon was contested in the Olympics from 1964 until 1980, and it was replaced in the 1984 games with the heptathlon. ... A heptathlon is a sportive contest made up of seven events (from the Greek hepta (seven) and athlon (contest)). More specifically, the term heptathlon refers to an athletic (track and field) event consisting of seven events. ... // The Decathlon Day 1: 100 m long jump shot put High Jump 400 m Day 2: 110m hurdles discus throw pole vault javelin throw 1500 m Decathlon sprouted from the ancient game pentathlon. ...


Highly uncommon: Standing high jump | Standing long jump | Standing triple jump The Standing high jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing long jump is an athletic event that was featured in the Olympics from 1900 to 1912. ... The standing triple jump is an athletic sport. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pole vault - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2457 words)
Pole vaulting is an athletics event where competitors use a long, flexible pole as an aid to leap over a bar, similar to the high jump, but at much greater heights.
The modern pole vaulting technique was developed in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century.
Initially, vaulting poles were made from stiff materials such as bamboo or aluminium, until the introduction of flexible vaulting poles made from composites such as fiberglass or carbon fiber.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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