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Encyclopedia > Poker
A game of Texas hold 'em in progress. "Hold 'em" is currently the most popular form of poker due to its prevalence in globally televised tournaments.

Poker is a popular type of card game in which players gamble on the superior value of the card combination ("hand") in their possession, by placing a bet into a central pot. The winner is the one who holds the hand with the highest value according to an established hand rankings hierarchy, or otherwise the player who remains "in the hand" after all others have folded (the player who makes an un-called bet.). Freshly forged iron fireplace pokers. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x731, 171 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Texas hold em ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x731, 171 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Texas hold em ... Texas hold em involves community cards available to all players (pictured here on the left). ... An amateur poker tournament in progress. ... // For the game on The Price Is Right, see Card Game (pricing game). ... Caravaggio, The Cardsharps, c. ... Gambling (or betting) is any behavior involving risking money or valuables (making a wager or placing a stake) on the outcome of a game, contest, or other event in which the outcome of that activity depends partially or totally upon chance or upon ones ability to do something. ... The pot in poker refers to the sum of money that players wager during a single hand or game, according to the betting rules of the variant being played. ... In poker, certain combinations of cards, or hands, outrank other hands, based on the frequency with which these combinations appear. ... A resignation occurs when a person holding a position gained by election or appointment steps down. ... The game of poker as played today requires that players agree before play on allowable amounts for betting (called limits), and the use and amount of forced bets. ...


Poker has many variations, all following a similar pattern of play. Depending on the variant, hands may be formed using cards which are concealed from others, or from a combination of concealed cards and community cards. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Rule variations (poker). ...


Other games that use poker hand rankings may likewise be referred to as "poker." Video poker is a single-player computer game that functions much like a slot machine. Video poker is a casino game based on five-card draw poker. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... Slot machines in the Trump Taj Mahal A slot machine (American English), fruit machine (British English), or poker machine (Australian English) is a certain type of casino game. ...

Contents

Game play

In casual play, the right to deal a hand typically rotates among the players and is marked by a token called a 'dealer' button (or "buck"). In a casino, a house dealer handles the cards for each hand, but the button (typically a white plastic disk) is rotated clockwise among the players to indicate a nominal dealer to determine the order of betting. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... In the card game Poker the buck or button is a marker used to indicate the player who is the dealer or, in casino games with a house dealer, the player who acts last on that deal (who would be the dealer in a home game). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


One or more players are required to make forced bets to create an initial stake for which the players will contest. The dealer shuffles the cards, cuts, and deals the appropriate number of cards to the players one at a time. Cards may be dealt either face-up or face-down, depending on the variant of poker being played. After the initial deal, the first of what may be several betting rounds begins. Between rounds, the players' hands develop in some way, often by being dealt additional cards or replacing cards previously dealt. At the end of each round, all bets are gathered into the central pot. // Wikibooks Poker has more about this subject: Betting This article describes the common terms, rules, and procedures in the game, but does not cover the strategic impact of betting. ... The riffle Shuffling is a procedure used to randomize a deck of playing cards to provide an element of chance in card games. ... After a deck of cards is shuffled by the dealer, it is often given to a player other than the one who performed the shuffle for a procedure called a cut. ... // Wikibooks Poker has more about this subject: Betting This article describes the common terms, rules, and procedures in the game, but does not cover the strategic impact of betting. ...


At any time during a betting round, if a player makes a bet, opponents are required to fold, call or raise. If one player bets and no opponents choose to call (match) the bet, the hand ends immediately, the bettor is awarded the pot, no cards are required to be shown, and the next hand begins. This possibility of winning a pot without showing a hand makes bluffing possible. Bluffing is a primary feature of poker, one that distinguishes it from other vying games and from other games that make use of poker hand rankings. // In the card game of poker, to bluff is to bet or raise with an inferior hand, or with a hand believed to be inferior. ... In poker, certain combinations of cards, or hands, outrank other hands, based on the frequency with which these combinations appear. ...


At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown, in which the players reveal their previously hidden cards and evaluate their hands. The player with the best hand according to the poker variant being played wins the pot. In all poker games, if more than one player remains after the last betting round, all of the players expose and compare their hands to determine the winner or winners. ...


The most popular poker variants are as follows:

Draw poker
Players each receive five — as in five-card draw — or more cards, all of which are hidden. They can then replace one or more of these cards a certain number of times.
In Texas hold'em poker, each player is dealt just two cards
Stud poker
Players receive cards one at a time, some being displayed to other players at the table. The key difference between stud and 'draw' poker is that players are not allowed to discard or replace any cards.
Community card poker
Players combine individually dealt cards with a number of "community cards" dealt face up and shared by all players. Each player will attempt to make the best five card poker hand using the community cards and their own face down cards. Two or four individual cards may be dealt in the most popular variations, Texas hold 'em and Omaha hold 'em, respectively.

See betting (poker) for detailed rules regarding forced bets, betting actions, limits, stakes, and all-in situations. See List of poker variants and poker hand rankings for order of play and other details for the most common poker variants. Draw poker is any poker variant in which each player is dealt a complete hand before the first betting round, and then develops the hand for later rounds by replacing cards. ... Five-card draw is often the first poker variant learned by most players, and is very common in home games although it is now rare in casino and tournament play. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Texas hold em (or simply hold em or holdem) is the most popular of the community card poker games. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... // Probably starting about the time of World War II, many modern poker games used Community cards (also called shared cards or window cards), which are cards dealt face up to the center of the table and shared by all players. ... Texas hold em involves community cards available to all players (pictured here on the left). ... Omaha hold em (or Omaha holdem or simply Omaha) is a community card poker game (often referred to as a flop game) similar to Texas hold em, where each player is dealt four cards and must make his best hand using exactly two of them, plus exactly three of the... // Wikibooks Poker has more about this subject: Betting This article describes the common terms, rules, and procedures in the game, but does not cover the strategic impact of betting. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Rule variations (poker). ... // This article refers to standard poker hands only, otherwise refer to non-standard poker hand In poker, certain combinations of cards, or hands, outrank other hands, based on the frequency with which these combinations appear. ...


History

The history of poker is a matter of debate. It closely resembles the Persian game of as nas, and may have been taught to settlers in New Orleans by Persian sailors. The name of the game likely descended from the Irish Poca (Pron. Pokah) ('Pocket') or even the French poque , which descended from the German pochen ('to brag as a bluff' lit. 'to knock' [1] ). Yet it is not clear whether the origins of poker itself lie with the games bearing those names. It is commonly regarded as sharing ancestry with the Renaissance game of primero and the French brelan. The English game brag (earlier bragg) clearly descended from brelan and incorporated bluffing (though the concept was known in other games by that time). It is quite possible that all of these earlier games influenced the development of poker as it exists now. For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles. ... Anthem SorÅ«d-e MellÄ«-e Īrān Â² Capital (and largest city) Tehran Official languages Persian Demonym Iranian Government Islamic Republic  -  Supreme Leader  -  President Unification  -  Unified by Cyrus the Great 559 BCE   -  Parthian (Arsacid) dynastic empire (first reunification) 248 BCE-224 CE   -  Sassanid dynastic empire 224–651 CE   -  Safavid dynasty... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Primero was a popular 16th-century gambling card game. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Three card brag is an unusual British card game which is similar to poker but varies in betting style and hand rankings. ...

Harry Truman's poker chips

English actor Joseph Crowell reported that the game was played in New Orleans in 1829, with a deck of 20 cards and four players betting on which player's hand was the most valuable. Jonathan H. Green's book, An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling (G. B. Zieber, Philadelphia, 1843), described the spread of the game from there to the rest of the country by Mississippi riverboats, on which gambling was a common pastime. As it spread up the Mississippi and West during the gold rush, it is thought to have become a part of the frontier pioneer ethos. Image File history File links Harry Trumans poker chips, from http://www. ... For the victim of Mt. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... A riverboat is a specialized watercraft (vessel) designed for operating on inland waterways. ... Caravaggio, The Cardsharps, c. ... A hobby is a spare-time recreational pursuit. ... Ethos (ἦθος) (plurals: ethe, ethea) is a Greek word originally meaning the place of living that can be translated into English in different ways. ...


Soon after this spread, the full 52-card English deck was used, and the flush was introduced. During the American Civil War, many additions were made, including draw poker, stud poker (the five-card variant), and the straight. Further American developments followed, such as the wild card (around 1875), lowball and split-pot poker (around 1900), and community card poker games (around 1925). The spread of the game to other countries, particularly in Asia, is often attributed to the U.S. military. A flush is a poker hand such as Q♣ 10♣ 7♣ 6♣ 4♣, which contains five cards of the same suit, not in rank sequence. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Draw poker is any poker variant in which each player is dealt a complete hand before the first betting round, and then develops the hand for later rounds by replacing cards. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A straight is a poker hand such as Q♣ J♠ 10♠ 9♥ 8♥, which contains five cards of sequential rank, of varying suits. ... Poker games may contain one or more cards designated as wild. ... Some forms of poker, often called lowball, sometimes called low poker, reward poor poker hands (in the traditional sense). ... For methods of splitting a pot, see Splitting poker pots. ... // Probably starting about the time of World War II, many modern poker games used Community cards (also called shared cards or window cards), which are cards dealt face up to the center of the table and shared by all players. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ...


The game and jargon of poker have become important parts of American culture and English culture. Such phrases and clichés as ace in the hole, ace up one's sleeve, beats me, blue chip, call one's bluff, cash in, high roller, pass the buck, poker face, stack up, up the ante, when the chips are down, wild card, and others are used in everyday conversation, even by those unaware of their origins at the poker table. The large and growing jargon of poker includes many terms. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Ace in the Hole in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A blue chip stock is the stock of a well-established company having stable earnings and no extensive liabilities. ... In the card game Poker the buck or button is a marker used to indicate the player who is the dealer or, in casino games with a house dealer, the player who acts last on that deal (who would be the dealer in a home game). ... Poker games may contain one or more cards designated as wild. ...

Beginning in 1970 a series of developments lead to poker becoming far more popular than it was previously: Download high resolution version (1329x1252, 224 KB)The poker tables in the Trump Taj Mahal Taken by Raul654 on August 24, 2004. ... Download high resolution version (1329x1252, 224 KB)The poker tables in the Trump Taj Mahal Taken by Raul654 on August 24, 2004. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Atlantic City redirects here. ...

  • Later in the 1970s, the first serious strategy books appeared, notably Super/System by Doyle Brunson (ISBN 1-58042-081-8) and The Book of Tells by Mike Caro (ISBN 0-89746-100-2), followed later by The Theory of Poker by David Sklansky (ISBN 1-880685-00-0).
  • In 1987, community card poker games were introduced in California, home of the largest poker casinos in the world.[3] These games proved far more exciting to players than the draw poker variants that were played up until that time.
  • In 1999, Late Night Poker debuted on British television, introducing poker for the first time to many Europeans.[6]

Poker's popularity experienced an unprecedented spike at the beginning of the 21st century, largely because of the introduction of online poker and the invention of the hole-card camera, which turned the game into a spectator sport. Viewers could now follow the action and drama of the game, and broadcasts of poker tournaments such as the World Series of Poker and the World Poker Tour brought in huge audiences for cable and satellite TV distributors. Because of the increasing coverage of poker events, poker pros became more like celebrities, with poker fans all over the world entering into expensive tournaments for the chance to play with them. This increased camera exposure also brings a new dimension to the poker professional's game—the realization that their actions may be aired later on TV. An amateur poker tournament in progress. ... The WSOP logo The World Series of Poker is the most prestigious set of poker tournaments in the world. ... For other persons of the same name, see John Moss. ... Thomas Austin Preston, Jr. ... Bobby The Owl Baldwin is a professional poker player and casino executive. ... Doyle Brunson, also known as Texas Dolly, (born August 10, 1933 in Longworth, Fisher County, Texas) is an American poker player who has played professionally for over 50 years. ... Walter Clyde Puggy Pearson (January 29, 1929 in Tennessee – April 12, 2006) was an American professional poker player. ... Super/System is one of the most famous and seminal books about how to play poker. ... Doyle Brunson, also known as Texas Dolly, (born August 10, 1933 in Longworth, Fisher County, Texas) is an American poker player who has played professionally for over 50 years. ... Mike Mad Genius Caro (born May 16, 1944) is a professional poker player, pioneer poker theorist, and author of poker books. ... David Sklansky (born 1947[1] , in Teaneck, New Jersey) is a professional poker player and author. ... // Probably starting about the time of World War II, many modern poker games used Community cards (also called shared cards or window cards), which are cards dealt face up to the center of the table and shared by all players. ... Draw poker is any poker variant in which each player is dealt a complete hand before the first betting round, and then develops the hand for later rounds by replacing cards. ... Atlantic City redirects here. ... Rounders is a 1998 film about the underground world of high-stakes poker. ... Matthew Paige Matt Damon (born October 8, 1970) is an American screenwriter and actor. ... Edward Harrison Norton[1] (born August 18, 1969) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning American film actor and director. ... Late Night Poker is a British television show in which Poker players, mostly professionals or strong amateurs, compete in a short series of No-Limit Texas hold em tournament games for a prize of approximately £50,000. ... 20XX redirects here. ... Online poker is the game of poker played over the Internet. ... The hole-card camera was developed by Henry Orenstein, World Series of Poker Bracelet winner(Seven Card Stud in 1996)and has contributed immensely to the popularity of the game of Texas Hold em Poker. ... A spectator sport is a sport that is characterized by the presence of spectators, or watchers, at its matches. ... The WSOP logo The World Series of Poker is the most prestigious set of poker tournaments in the world. ... The World Poker Tour (WPT) is a series of poker tournaments featuring most of the worlds professional players. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... TV redirects here. ...


Major poker tournament fields have grown dramatically because of the growing popularity of online satellite-qualifier tournaments where the prize is an entry into a major tournament. The 2003 and 2004 WSOP champions, Chris Moneymaker and Greg Raymer, respectively, won their seats to the main event by winning online satellites. The large and growing jargon of poker includes many terms. ... Christopher Bryan Moneymaker (born November 21, 1975 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American poker player who won the main event at the 2003 World Series of Poker (WSOP). ... Gregory Raymer (born on June 25, 1964) [1] is a professional poker player. ...


See also

Wikibooks has a book on the topic of
Poker
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Poker
Look up Poker in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... The large and growing jargon of poker includes many terms. ... In poker, certain combinations of cards, or hands, outrank other hands, based on the frequency with which these combinations appear. ... List of poker related topics See main article at poker Rules of the game Hands (including Low hands and High hands) Betting structure Variants Draw poker (including five-card draw and deuce-to-seven low) Stud poker (including five-card stud and seven-card stud) Community card poker (including Texas... Rule variations in poker. ... An amateur poker tournament in progress. ... Poker strategy is a complex subject. ... The WSOP logo The World Series of Poker is the most prestigious set of poker tournaments in the world. ... In poker, the probability of each type of 5-card hand can be computed by calculating the proportion of hands of that type among all possible hands. ... Online poker is the game of poker played over the Internet. ... Ring games, also called cash games, are live poker games played with real chips and money on the line, usually with no predetermined end time. ... Harry Trumans poker chips Casino poker chips are special tokens representing a fixed amount of money. ... A cardroom (also spelled card room) is a gambling establishment that exclsively offers card games for play by the public. ...

Notes

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Poker at Online Casino Focus (1295 words)
Poker resembles the Persian game of nas, and may have been taught to French settlers in New Orleans by Persian sailors.
Not long after when poker was seen on the river boats, the 52-card English deck was invented and the flush was introduced and added to the game of poker.
After the first betting round is completed in the game of poker, there may be more rounds in which more cards are dealt in various ways, which is part of the fun and differences involved in the game of poker.
Play online poker games with highest bonuses and promotions while we guide you how to play and win at the internet ... (619 words)
Playing poker variants like Texas Hold'em, for example, can be extremely profitable if you follow poker rules and strategies.
The Poker Odds Calculator is a poker tool that provides players with priceless information and advice based on dependable math formulas, helping to take your poker game to the next level.
Those poker players win not because of luck, but because they have a good understanding on how to play according to the rules and strategy guides of a specific online poker variant.
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