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Encyclopedia > Point shaving

Point shaving, in organized sports, is a type of match fixing where the perpetrators try to prevent a team from covering a published point spread. Unlike other forms of match fixing, sports betting invariably motivates point shaving. A point shaving scheme generally involves a sports gambler and one or more players of the sports team favored to win the game. In exchange for a bribe, the player or players agree to ensure that their team will not "cover the point spread," or win by the required margin. The gambler then wagers against that team. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Match fixing or game fixing in organized sports occurs when a match is played to a completely or partially pre-determined result. ... Spread betting is a term used to describe various types of wagering on the outcome of an event, where the pay-off is based on the precision of the wager, rather than a simple binary outcome (win or loss). ... Sports betting is the general activity of predicting sports results by making a wager on the outcome of a sporting event. ... Bribery is the practice of offering a professional money or other favours in order to circumvent ethics in a variety of professions. ...


Point shaving occurs most frequently in amateur and collegiate sports, whose athletes are presumably more vulnerable to a gambler's bribery than professionals.[citation needed] Professional-level players earn significant sums of money each year, whereas collegiate players are prevented by strict regulations from earning compensation for their play. However, it has often been very difficult to prove point shaving as it is easy to conceal it with honest losses and recovery of points by opposing teams.


Basketball is a particularly easy medium for shaving points because of the scoring tempo of the game and the ease by which one player can influence key events. By deliberately missing shots or committing well-timed turnovers or fouls, a corrupt player can covertly ensure that his team fails to cover the point spread, without causing them to lose the game (or to lose so badly that suspicions are aroused). Although the NCAA has adopted a zero tolerance policy with respect to gambling activity by its players, some critics believe it unwittingly encourages point shaving due to its strict rules regarding amateurism, combined with the large amount of money wagered on its games. The NCAA has produced posters warning of this, the most notable being an athlete sitting alone on a bench with his face buried in his hands (although this may also look like the athlete suffered a tremendous defeat) with the caption "DO NOT BET ON IT" with warnings as to what could happen if they are involved in such a plan (as well as an athlete being caught gambling oneself). Warnings included "suspension/expulsion from college or other adverse action" "loss of NCAA scholarships or revoking of ROTC scholarships" or "pressure from student bookies and/or organized crime to shave points and/or throw games".[citation needed] This article is about the sport. ... NCAA redirects here. ... Zero tolerance is a strict approach to rule enforcement. ... Gamble redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Amateur. ... The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a training program of the United States armed forces present on college campuses to recruit and educate commissioned officers. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ...


Conversely, there have been alleged cases where an underdog not only lost (which might be honest) but lost by some large amount, perhaps to ensure a point spread was covered for the benefit of gamblers although in some cases the motive may be to grant a non-gambling related favor to the victor. An underdog is a person or group in a competition, frequently in electoral politics, sports, and creative works, who is popularly expected to lose. ...


References in popular culture

Season four of the hit CW television series, One Tree Hill features incidents of point shaving during several different episodes, focusing on the pressure teens have to win in team sports and the dangerous world of bookie based gambling. The CW Television Network, normally abbreviated to The CW, also known as The New CW in its first season of the network, is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ... One Tree Hill is a teen television drama created by Mark Schwahn that premiered on September 23, 2003 on The WB Television Network. ...


The 2002 movie Big Shot: Confessions of a Campus Bookie dramatized the fact-based story of Benny Silman and the 1994 Arizona State point shaving scandal. Benny Silman is a former campus bookmaker who was jailed for his role in a point shaving scandal at Arizona State University. ...


The 1974 movie The Longest Yard features a main character, Paul Crewe, who is thrown out of the NFL for point shaving. There was also a remake of The Longest Yard in 2005 starring Adam Sandler. Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... This article is about the 1974 film. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The Longest Yard is a remake of the 1974 film of the same name. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Adam Richard Sandler (born September 9, 1966) is an American comedian, actor, musician, screenwriter, and film producer. ...


The 1994 movie Blue Chips features a coach, played by Nick Nolte, who realizes that one of his star players shaved points in a game three years before. Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Blue Chips is a 1994 film about basketball, starring Nick Nolte as a college coach and real-life basketball stars Shaquille ONeal and Anfernee Penny Hardaway as talented finds. It features cameos from Bobby Knight, Rick Pitino, Bob Cousy, Larry Bird, Dick Vitale, Jim Boeheim, Louis Gossett, Jr. ... Nicholas King Nolte (born February 8, 1941) is a Oscar-nominated American actor, model, and producer. ...


The 1998 movie about City College of New York invovlement in the the CCNY Point Shaving Scandal‎ City Dump: The Story of the 1951 CCNY Basketball Scandal [1] Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... “City College” redirects here. ... The CCNY Point Shaving Scandal was one of the first major college basketball point shaving gambling scandals. ...


In a fifth season episode of The Sopranos, "Rat Pack", the character Bobby Baccala mentions that he heard that fictional New York mob boss Carmine Lupertazzi invented point shaving during a game between the University of Kentucky and City College of New York. Uncle Junior confirmed the story, saying "Nobody beat the spread. I bought a black Fleetwood." This article is about the television series. ... Episode chronology Rat Pack is the fifty-fourth episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and was the second of the shows fifth season. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the criminal society. ... Carmine Lupertazzi, Sr. ...


A 1989 issue of MAD Magazine had a poem / cartoon titled "Ten College Athletes" about how various problems result in the elimination of athletes from college. One such verse was "Six sophomore athletes, on the court with jive. One helped gamblers fix a game... Bet's off, we are down to five." The illustration shows a very tall basketball player with his hand open, and a typical Mafia type gangster handing him a large bankroll of cash. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Harvey Kurtzmans cover for the first issue of the comic book Mad Mad is an American humor magazine founded by publisher William Gaines and editor Harvey Kurtzman in 1952. ...


Episode 6 of the 10th season of The Simpsons features a joke with Kent Brockman talking about point shaving by the Harlem Globetrotters. Simpsons redirects here. ...


External links

  • Gibbs, Jonathan (2007). "Point Shaving in the NBA: An Economic Analysis of the National Basketball Association's Point Spread Betting Market" (PDF). Undergraduate Honors Thesis from the Department of Economics, Stanford University. Retrieved on 2007-10-27.
PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Point shaving - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (273 words)
Point shaving, in organized sports, is a type of match fixing where the perpetrators try to prevent a team from covering a published point spread.
Point shaving occurs most frequently in amateur and collegiate sports, whose athletes are presumably more vulnerable to a gambler's bribery than professionals.
Basketball is a particularly easy medium for shaving points because of the scoring tempo of the game and the ease at which one player can influence key events.
point-shaving: Definition and Much More From Answers.com (326 words)
Point shaving, in organized sports, is a type of match fixing where the perpetrators of the fix seek to prevent a team from covering a published point spread.
A point shaving scheme generally involves a sports gambler and one or more members of a sports team.
Basketball is a particularly easy medium for shaving points, because of the scoring tempo of the game and the ability of one player to control key events of a contest.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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