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Encyclopedia > Podlachia
Old chapel
Krzna river
Potocki's Palace i Międzyrzec Podlaski

Podlachia, Podlesia, or Podlasie is a historical region in the eastern part of Poland and western Belarus. It is located between the Biebrza River in the north and its natural continuation to the south — the Polesie area. The region is called Podlasie, Podlasko or, Podlasze in Polish, Падляшша Padljašša in Belarusian, Підлісся Pidlissja, Підлясіє Pidljasije, or Підляхія Pidljaxija in Ukrainian, Palenkė in Lithuanian, Подлясье Podljas’e in Russian, and Podlachia in Latin. Image File history File links MiÄ™dzyrzec_podlaski_kapliczka. ... Image File history File links MiÄ™dzyrzec_podlaski_kapliczka. ... Image File history File links MiÄ™dzyrzec_podlaski_rz_krzna. ... Image File history File links MiÄ™dzyrzec_podlaski_rz_krzna. ... Krzna is a river in Lublin Voivodeship ... Image File history File links MiÄ™dzyrzec_podlaski_paÅ‚ac_potockich. ... Image File history File links MiÄ™dzyrzec_podlaski_paÅ‚ac_potockich. ... MiÄ™dzyrzec Podlaski (Lat. ... Biebrza is a river in north-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Narew river (near Wizna), with a length of 155 kilometres (28th longest) and the basin area of 7,057 sq. ... Polesie is one of the largest European swampy areas, located in the South-Western part of the Eastern-European Lowland, mainly within the territories of Belarus, Ukraine and partly also within Poland and Russia. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...

Contents

Name

There are two opinions regarding the origin of the name of the region. Some derive it from the Slavic word les or las meaning "forest", i.e., it is an "area near the forest" or "area of forests", making Podlachia synonymous in meaning to adjacent Polesia. Another view suggests that the term comes from the expression pod Lachem, i.e., "under the Poles" or under Polish rule (see: Lechia). A variant of this theory holds that the name originates from the period when the territory was within the Trakai Province of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, along the borderline with the Kingdom of Poland, and hence pod Lachem would mean "near the Poles."  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Lechia is the historical name of Poland, still present in several European languages: Lenkija in Lithuanian, Lengyelorszag in Hungarian, Lehistan in Turkish. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Trakai district municipality Elderate Trakai elderate Number of elderates Coordinates General information Capital of Trakai district municipality Trakai elderate Population (rank) 5,504 in 2005 (56th) First mentioned 1337 Granted city rights 1409 The reconstructed Trakai Island Castle Trakai (Polish: ) is... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... Between 1386 and 1572, the Kingdom of Poland was ruled by the following Jagiellon kings: Wladislaus II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Wladislaus III of Varna Casimir IV the Jagiellonian John I Olbracht Alexander the Jagiellonian Sigismund I the Old Sigismund II Augustus See also History of Poland (1385-1569) Categories: Polish history...


At present the name of Podlachia is used primarily for the Polish part of the region, which is traditionally divided between the northern (north of Western Bug River) and southern Podlachia. The northern part of Podlachia is included in the Podlachia Voivodship. Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... Podlachia Voivodship or Podlasie Voivodship (Polish: województwo podlaskie) is an administrative region, or voivodship, in northeastern Poland. ...


History

Podlachia - COA
Podlachia - COA

Throughout its early history, the Podlachia area was inhabited by various tribes of different ethnic roots. In the 9th and 10th centuries, the area was likely inhabited by Lechitic tribes in the south and Baltic (Yotvingian) tribes in the north. Between the 10th and 13th centuries, Podlachia was occupied by Ruthenian tribes, probably from Volhynia, speaking a form of proto-Ukrainian. Until the 14th century the area was part of Ruthenian states, and was later annexed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1569, after the Union of Lublin, the western part of Podlachia was ceded to the Kingdom of Poland. Southern Podlachia belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until the Third Partition of Poland in 1795. author emax File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... author emax File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... The Lechitic languages include three languages spoken in Central Europe, principally in Poland, and historically also in Brandenburg, Mecklenburg, and Hither Pomerania, in the north-eastern region of modern Germany. ... http://www. ... Categories: Baltic peoples | Stub ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... The East Slavs are the ethnic group that evolved into the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples. ... Pochayiv Lavra, the spiritual heart of Volhynia Volhynia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: ; also called Volynia) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. ... Ruthenia is a name applied to parts of Eastern Europe which were populated by Eastern Slavic peoples, as well as to various states that existed in this territory in the past. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: Лю́блінская ву́нія; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the... Main article: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth The Nihil novi act adopted by the Polish Diet in 1505 transferred all legislative power from the king to the Diet. ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Podlachia in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1635
Podlachia in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1635

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1568, 607 KB) Summary województwo podlaskie I Rzeczypospolitej autor-Mathiasrex Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Podlasie Voivodship ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2000x1568, 607 KB) Summary województwo podlaskie I Rzeczypospolitej autor-Mathiasrex Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Podlasie Voivodship ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ...

Ethnic situation

Podlachia is the land of the confluence of cultures – Polish, Belarusian, Ukrainian and Lithuanian – and is indicative of the ethnic territories limits. Eastward of Podlachia lie ethnicaly non-Polish lands, while westward ethnicaly non-Ruthenian (Ukrainian and Belarusian) and non-Lithuanian lands do. Today, Polish and Ruthenian (Ukrainian and Belarusian) is spoken in Podlachia, while Lithuanian is not. Ruthenian may refer to: Ruthenia, a name applied to various parts of Eastern Europe Ruthenians, the peoples of Ruthenia Ruthenian language, a name applied to several Slavic languages This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ruthenian was a historic East Slavic language, spoken in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and after 1569 in the East Slavic territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...


Until the 19th century, Podlachia was populated by the Polish-speaking gentry, Jews (primarily in towns), and Ruthenian Orthodox and Greek-Catholics speaking a dialect related to modern Ukrainian - the so-called Khakhlak (Chachlak) dialect, which derived its name from a derogatory term for Ukrainians (khakhol or khokhol being the name of their traditional haircut). In the 19th century, the inhabitants of Podlachia were under the rule of the Russian Empire, with southern Podlachia constituting a part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland. After 1831, Russian authorities forbade the Greek-Catholic faith in northern Podlachia and it disappeared from the area. In 1875, Russians forbade this rite in southern Podlachia as well, and all Greek-Catholic inhabitants were forced to accept the Eastern Orthodox faith. However, the resistance of the local people was surprisingly strong and Ruthenian speakers from this area rejected the Orthodox faith. In 1874, Wincenty Lewoniuk and 12 companions were killed by Russian soldiers in Pratulin. In reaction to these measures, the Ruthenians of Podlachia began to identify themselves with the national movement of the Catholic Poles. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ruthenian may refer to: Ruthenia, a name applied to various parts of Eastern Europe Ruthenians, the peoples of Ruthenia Ruthenian language, a name applied to several Slavic languages This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. ... The term Eastern Rites may refer to the liturgical rites used by many ancient Christian Churches of Eastern Europe and the Middle East that, while being part of the Roman Catholic Church, are distinct from the Latin Rite or Western Church. ... Khokhol (Russian: хохол—khokhol, khakhol), a Russian name for an element of the haircut: a long lock of hair left on top or on the front of the otherwise cleanly shaven or shortly cut mans hair. ... Species Sus barbatus Sus bucculentus Sus cebifrons Sus celebensis Sus domesticus Sus heureni Sus philippensis Sus salvanius Sus scrofa Sus timoriensis Sus verrucosus Pigs are ungulates native to Eurasia collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Map of Congress Poland. ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1912, Russian authorities issued a tolerance edict that made it possible to change confessions from Orthodox to Roman Catholic (but not to Greek-Catholic). A majority of the inhabitants of southern Podlachia changed their faith from Orthodox to Roman Catholic. At present, very few people in Podlachia continue speaking Ruthenian (Ukrainian) and nearly all consider themselves Poles. The counties along the border with Belarus are populated by Belarusians. There is a small Tatar minority as well. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ruthenian was a historic East Slavic language, spoken in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and after 1569 in the East Slavic territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ...


Major Towns and Cities

Białystok (pronounced: , Belarusian: , Lithuanian: , Yiddish ביאַליסטאָק) is the largest city (pop. ... Biała Podlaska (IPA: ) is a town in eastern Poland with 58,047 inhabitants (2005). ... Brest (Belarusian: , Russian: , Polish: ; Alternative names), formerly Brest-on-the-Bug and Brest-Litovsk, is a city (population 290,000 in 2004) in Belarus close to the Polish border where the Western Bug and Mukhavets Rivers meet. ... Międzyrzec Podlaski (Lat. ... Bielsk Podlaski is a town in north-eastern Poland with 27,600 inhabitants (2004). ... Hajnówka (Belarusian: Гайнаўка, Hajnaŭka) is a town and a powiat seat in north-eastern Poland (Podlasie Voivodship) with 23. ...

External links

  • Natural tourism (birdwatching) in Podlasie
  • Topographical maps 1:50 000

  Results from FactBites:
 
Podlachia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (604 words)
Podlachia, Podlesia, or Podlasie is a historical region in eastern part of Poland and western Belarus.
Between the 10th and the 13th centuries, Podlachia was occupied by Ruthenian tribes speaking a form of proto-Ukrainian, probably from Volhynia.
Southern Podlachia belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until the Third Partition of Poland in 1795.
Podlachian Voivodeship: Information from Answers.com (446 words)
Podlachia Voivodeship or Podlasie Voivodeship (Polish: województwo podlaskie) is an administrative region, or voivodeship, in northeastern Poland.
A Podlachia Voivodeship was formed in 1513 as a voivodeship in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
With Lithuania's confederation with the Kingdom of Poland in 1569, the voivodeship was transferred to the Polish Crown.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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