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Encyclopedia > Podgorica
Podgorica
Подгорица
Flag of Podgorica
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Podgorica
Coordinates 42.47° N 19.28° E
Mayor Dr. Miomir Mugoša (DPS)
Municipality area 1,441 km²
Population (2003 census)
 - city
 - municipality
 - density

136,473
169,132
117.4 p/km²
No. of Settlements 144
Time zone
 - Standard
 - Summer (DST)

CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Founded Before 11th Century
Area code +382 81
Car plates PG
Postal code 81000
ISO 3166-2 code ME-16
Official Website www.podgorica.cg.yu/

Podgorica (Serbian Cyrillic: Подгорица, IPA: [ˈpɔdgɔˌriʦa]) is the capital and largest city of Montenegro. It is located at 42°28′12″N, 19°16′48″E, 44 m above sea level. It was previously called Titograd. Image File history File links Flag_of_Podgorica. ... Image File history File links PodgoricaCoA.png‎ This Image is based upon an unrestricted image which may be found at http://en. ... Flag of Podgorica The Flag of Podgorica, along with its coat of arms, is a symbol of Podgorica, capital of Montenegro. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1092x1333, 66 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Podgorica ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (Born 23 July 1950) is a physician and politician from Cetinje. ... The Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro (Serbian/Montenegrin: Демократска Партија Социјалиста Црне Горе / Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crne Gore) is a political party in Montenegro. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... European Summer Time is the daylight saving time practiced in Europe, the period during which clocks are reset by one hour in relation to the official time observed during the rest of the year. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... This is a list of dialing codes by town in Montenegro. ... These are the Montenegrin car license plate codes by region and in alphabetical order: Categories: | ... List of postal codes in Montenegro: 81000 - Podgorica 81101 - Podgorica 1 81102 - Podgorica 2 81103 - Podgorica 3 81104 - Podgorica 4 81105 - Podgorica 5 81106 - Podgorica 6 81107 - Podgorica 7 81108 - Podgorica 8 81109 - Podgorica 9 81110 - Podgorica 10 81111 - Podgorica 11 81112 - Podgorica 12 81113 - Podgorica 13 81114 - Podgorica 14... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ...


A census in 2003 put city's population at 136,473. The favorable geographical position of Podgorica, at the confluence of the Ribnica and Morača rivers, on the meeting point of fertile Zeta plain and Bjelopavlići Valley has made the city an attractive location for settlement. The city is situated only a few dozen kilometers from both winter ski centers in the north and seaside resorts on Adriatic Sea. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ribnica River is a small river that runs through Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Morača (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Морача) is a river in Montenegro. ... Wineyards in Zeta plain Zeta plain is fertile lowland in Montenegro. ... Bjelopavlići (also known as the Zeta River valley) is a strip of fertile lowland in Montenegro. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ...


The municipality of Podgorica accounts for 10.4% of Montenegro's territory and 27.3% of its population. Besides being an administrative center of Montenegro, Podgorica is also its economic, cultural and educational focal point.

Contents

Name

The name literally means "under the Gorica" in the Serbian language; Gorica (meaning "little mountain") is the name of the hill that overlooks center of the city. Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ...


A former town (now ruins) named Doclea, existed in pre-Roman and Roman times and was located about 3 km northwest from Podgorica. The Roman Emperor Diocletian hailed from this region. In later centuries, Romans "hyper-corrected" the name to Dioclea, wrongly guessing that an "I" had been lost due to vulgar speech patterns. "Duklja" is the later Slavic version of that word. Duklja according to De administrando imperio. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law This article discusses the nature of the imperial dignity, and its dynastic development throughout the history of the Empire. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ...


When Podgorica was founded before the 11th century, it was called Birziminium. In the Middle Ages, the town was known as Ribnica before 1326, and between 1946 and 1992 it was called Titograd. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... During Josip Broz Titos presidency and in the years following his death in 1980, several places in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were named or renamed in honor of him as part of his cult of personality. ...


History

Podgorica is located at the crossroads of several important routes that lead down to the city along the valleys of the rivers Zeta, Morača, Cijevna, Ribnica, and Sitnica, in the ravine of Skadar lake and in the vicinity of the Adriatic Sea, in the fertile lowland with favorable climate conditions. The area has been suitable for human habitation since ancient times, with the earliest human settlements being founded in prehistory. The oldest remains of material culture on this area belong to the late Stone Age. During the Illyrian age, the area of Zeta and Bjelopavlići ravine was inhabited by members of two Illyrian tribes, Labeates and Docleats, that directly influenced the genesis of local settlements. A crossroads (the word rarely appears in singular) is a road junction, where two or more roads meet (there are three or more arms). ... Zeta is a river in Montenegro. ... Morača (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Морача) is a river in Montenegro. ... Cem or Cemi (Albanian), is a river that starts out from the region of Zeta within the Podgorica district of Montenegro and leads on to the Malësi e Madhe district of Albania. ... The Ribnica River is a small river that runs through Podgorica, Montenegro. ... The Sitnica River is a river that flows through Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Skadar Lake (Serbian, Skadarsko jezero in Serbian), Lake Shkodër or Lake Shkodra (Albanian versions, Liqeni i Shkodrës in Albanian), also sometimes called Lake Scutari (Italian version Lago di Scutari in Italian), is a lake on the border of Serbia and Montenegro with Albania, the largest lake in the... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... Location of Illyria Illyria (Albanian Iliria Land of the Free; Ancient Greek ; Latin Illyria [1] (see also Illyricum) was in Classical antiquity a region in the western part of todays Balkan Peninsula, founded by the tribes and clans of Illyrians, an ancient people who spoke the Illyrian languages. ... Wineyards in Zeta plain Zeta plain is fertile lowland in Montenegro. ... Bjelopavlići valley, or Zeta River valley is strip of fertile lowland in Montenegro. ... This is a list of Illyrian tribes. ... The Docleatae were an Illyrian tribe who lived in modern Montenegro. ...


Labeati inhabited the area from Skadar to today's Podgorica. They had their own fortress Meteon (now Medun), and developed organization of life, especially military. Shkodër (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian Skadar, Latin Scutari, German Skutari) is a city located in North West Albania, in the District of Shkodër and it is the capital of the County of Shkodër. ... The old town Medun (Medeon, Meteon), more of a fortress, situated 13 kilometers northeast from Podgorica, Montenegro, Serbia and Montenegro, has origins in the classical period. ...


Dokleats also inhabited the valley of the Zeta River, and thanks to the fertile plain and favorable geographical and road position, experienced fast economic growth. Their biggest settlement was Doclea. The city was situated about three kilometers northwest from today’s Podgorica. From the urban point of view, Doclea was adapted to the terrain configuration. At that time it was a big city, with 8 – 10 thousand inhabitants, in which all core urban issues were resolved. A relatively high population density in an area with a radius of just over ten kilometers was conditioned by geographical position, a favorable climate, positive economic conditions and defensive positions that were of great importance at that time. Zeta is a river in Montenegro. ... Duklja according to De administrando imperio. ...


Beginning in the 5th century, since the arrival of the first Slavic and Avar tribes and the beginning of the break up of the Roman Empire, the area bore witness to many noteworthy events. Eventually, the existing fortifications ceased their function, and new towns were created. Slavic groups that inhabited the area were in constant fights with Byzantium and tended to establish a new state. The result of the turmoil was establishment of a new settlement that was probably named after the river Ribnica on the banks of which it was erected. The first mention of Ribnica is related to the period of rule of Nemanjići. Geographical position conditioned route importance of Ribnica, as the crossroads of main road directions enabled connection of these areas with the West. When they finally inhabited these areas, the Slavs, by creating a new state, started developing their own culture and art. That culture was acceptable to the medieval church and feudal class. Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Late Avar period Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The House of Nemanjić, fresco from Visoki Dečani monastery The House of Nemanjić (Serbian: Немањићи; Anglicised: Nemanyid) was a medieval Serbian ruling dynasty. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ...


The name of Podgorica is mentioned for the first time in 1326 in one court document of the Kotor archive. Podgorica was economically strong. Merchant connections between Dubrovnik and the State of Nemanjici, well developed at that time, were maintained over the road that led through Trebinje and Nikšić to Podgorica. As it was sited on the busiest crossroads, Podgorica was the center of very vivid flow of goods, merchants, messengers and other passengers that augmented to its development, economic power, military strength and strategic importance. The Turkish occupation of Podgorica in 1474 interrupted the economic, cultural and artistic rise of the city. The Turks built up a huge fortress in Podgorica and the existing settlement, with highly developed merchant connections, turned into the main defensive and attacking bastion against the rebellious tribes. The fortified city, with towers, gates and defensive ramparts, enabled the Turks to resist all attacks. In 1864, Podgorica became a township (kaza) of İşkodra vilayet as Burguriçe. Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... This article is about the city of Kotor. ... Nickname: 1995 map of Dubrovnik The location of Dubrovnik within Croatia Coordinates: , Country County Government  - Mayor Dubravka Å uica (HDZ) Area  - City 143. ... Trebinje (Cyrillic: Требиње) is the southern-most municipality and town in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Coordinates Mayor NebojÅ¡a Radojičić (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 2,065 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 58,212 75,282 36. ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... The term township is used to denote a lower level territorial subdivision. ... Shkodër (Albanian: Shkodër or Shkodra, Serbian Skadar, Latin Scutari, German Skutari) is a city located in North West Albania, in the District of Shkodër and it is the capital of the County of Shkodër. ...


Pursuant to the decision of the Berlin Congress in 1878, Podgorica was integrated into Montenegro. That marked the end of four centuries of Turkish occupation and the beginning of new era in the development of Podgorica and Montenegro. The city has developed relatively fast and grew into a strong market. The first forms of capital concentration started to show up. In 1904 the first significant financial institution was formed – Zetska savings bank, which would soon grow into Podgorička bank. Roads to all neighboring towns were constructed, and in 1902 Podgorica got its first significant commercial company - a tobacco plant. Prompted in 1878 by Otto von Bismarck to revise the Treaty of San Stefano, the Congress of Berlin proposed and ratified the Treaty of Berlin. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... A savings bank is a financial institution whose primary purpose is accepting savings deposits. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ...


In the period between the two wars Podgorica counted around 13,000 residents.


In World War II it was bombarded over 70 times and was devastated to the ground, with the deaths of over 4,100 victims. It was liberated on December 19, 1944. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Under the name of Titograd, on July 13, 1946, it became the capital of the Republic. That marked the beginning of new life. In the period that followed a general transformation of the town was realized. Material, personnel and scientific – technical potential was increased, education experienced strong growth, many new cultural and health institutions were founded, and by modern roads and air connections the city became connected to the rest of the state and foreign countries. Titograd thus became the commercial, socioeconomic and cultural center of Montenegro. is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The name of Podgorica was reinstated on April 2, 1992. is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


Nazi and allied bombing during World War II destroyed most of the old architecture, so Podgorica is mostly modern city. In the last decade it has been emerging as a modern pro-western city.


Population

Albeit being a medium sized city by European standards, Podgorica is by far the largest city in Montenegro, with almost one third of Montenegrins living there. There are around 170,000 people in Podgorica municipality, that includes the small towns of Tuzi and Golubovci, and around 140,000 people in the city itself. This is the official data from 2003 census, while estimates go up to 200,000. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Montenegrins (Serbian/Montenegrin: Црногорци/Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ... Tuzi, Montenegro Tuzi (Serbian Cyrillic: Тузи, Albanian: Tuz) is a town in the Podgorica municipality, Montenegro, located on a road between Podgorica and Albanian border, just a few kilometers north of Lake Skadar. ... Golubovci is a small town in Podgorica municipality in Montenegro. ...


(If the methodology used up to 1991 was used in the 2003 census, Podgorica city would have 140,734 citizens, while Municipality of Podgorica would have a population of 179,401)

Population of Podgorica (city)

Census Population
1948 14,369
1953 19,868
1961 35,054
1971 61,727
1981 96,074
1991 117,875
2003 136,473

Population of Podgorica (municipality) Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Census Population
1948 48,599
1953 55,669
1961 72,319
1971 98,796
1981 132,290
1991 179,401
2003 169,132

Ethnicity in 2003 Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Ethnicity Number Percentage
Montenegrins 96,343 56.96%
Serbs 44,423 26.26%
Albanians 9,296 5.49%
Muslims 4,399 2.60%
Bosniaks 2,307 1.36%
Roma 1,389 0.82%
Croats 709 0.42%
Not declared 6,978 4.12%
Other 1,834 1.08%
No data 1,233 0.73%
Total 169,132 100%

Montenegrins (Serbian/Montenegrin: Црногорци/Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Languages Serbo-Croat(Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian) Macedonian Religions Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups South Slavs Muslims by nationality (Muslimani, Муслимани) was a term used in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to describe mainly native Slavic Muslims. ... Language(s) Bosnian Religion(s) Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Languages Croatian Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Slavs South Slavs Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ...

Economy

Construction boom in Podgorica
Construction boom in Podgorica

Besides being an administrative centre of Montenegro, Podgorica is also its main economic engine. The majority of Montenegro's industrial, financial and commercial base is situated in Podgorica. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...


Before the World Wars, the majority of Podgorica's economy was based on trade and small-scale manufacture, an economic model established during the long rule of the Ottoman Empire. After World War II, Podgorica became Montenegro's capital, and the focus of the rapid urbanization and industrialization process that took place during the Yugoslav era. Industries such as aluminium and tobacco processing, textile industry, engineering and vehicle production, and industrialized wine production, were established in and around Podgorica. There have been two World Wars, now more commonly known as World War I or First World War (from 1914 to 1918), and World War II or Second World War (from 1939 to 1945). ... Ottoman redirects here. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... Aluminum redirects here. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... The Textile industry (also known in the United Kingdom and Australia as the Rag Trade) is a term used for industries primarily concerned with the design or manufacture of clothing as well as the distribution and use of textiles . ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ...


The Yugoslav wars, and the dissolution of Yugoslavia, left Podgorica's industries without markets, suppliers or funds to invest and modernize equipment. This led to a decline of many factories and finally, to some of them closing down. Those which survived were privatized, and have by today more or less recovered. Podgorica aluminium smelter (Kombinat aluminijuma Podgorica - KAP), owned by Rusal, and AD Plantaže, wine and brandy making company, are still among the biggest companies in Podgorica. This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... RUSAL is Russias biggest aluminium producer with a 75% share in the domestic aluminium market. ... Plantaže (MNSE: PLAP) is Montenegrin wine and grape brandy producer. ...


In the 2000s, Podgorica witnessed a rapid expansion of its financial and service sector, and its economy transformed into a more service-oriented one. The two stock markets situated in Podgorica (Montenegro and NEX) today have a daily turnover bigger than stock exchanges in much larger cities. Today, economic activities in Podgorica had mostly shifted from heavy industries towards telecommunications, construction and banking. The increasing number of investors and foreign companies that are opening outlets in Podgorica add significantly to the growth and diversification of Podgorica's economy. This article is about the first decade of the 21st century. ... A stock market is a market for the trading of company stock, and derivatives of same; both of these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. ... Montenegro Stock Exchange Montenegro Stock Exchange is an Institution founded at 1993, so an embryo of the capital market of Montenegro was established. ... The New Securities Stock Exchange or NEX Stock Exchange (NEX) is a stock exchange located in Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ...


As a side effect, this has skyrocketed the prices of real estate and development land in the center of Podgorica. This is expected to continue, as Podgorica became the capital of a sovereign state in 2006. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

Podgorica is located in central Montenegro, in northern part of Zeta plain. The entire area in which Podgorica is located is intersected with rivers, and the city itself is located only 15 km north of Lake Skadar. Morača and Ribnica rivers flow through the city, while Zeta, Cijevna, Sitnica, Mareza rivers flow in the vicinity of the city. One of the main features of the city is richness in bodies of water. Wineyards in Zeta plain Zeta plain is fertile lowland in Montenegro. ... Skadar Lake (also called Shkodër, Scutari or Skadarsko lake), is a lake on the border of Serbia and Montenegro and Albania, the largest lake on the Balkan Peninsula. ... Morača (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Морача) is a river in Montenegro. ... The Ribnica River is a small river that runs through Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Zeta is a river in Montenegro. ... Cijevna (Serbian Cyrillic: Цијевна; Albanian: Cemi) is a river that flows through Albania and Montenegro. ... The Sitnica River is a river that flows through Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Mareza (Cyrillic: Мареза) is a river in Montenegro. ...


The city itself, in contrast to most of Montenegro, is lying on predominantly flat area of northern Zeta plain. Only exceptions are hills that overlook the city. The most significant is the Gorica Hill, 107 m tall hill that rises above the very city center, and after which the city got its name. Some of other hills are named Malo brdo(Little hill), Velje brdo(Big hill), Ljubović, Čardak, etc. These are mostly steep hills that rise abruptly from the surface, and thus are not suitable for urbanisation. They rather limit the city's expansion, especially to the north, shaping the city's development.


Climate

Podgorica has typical Mediterranean climate, with hot and dry summers, and mild winters. Snow is an almost unknown phenomenon in Podgorica. It has a mean annual rainfall of 1544 mm, and median daily temperature of 16,4°C. It has around 135 days with temperature higher than 25°C per annum. Podgorica is particularily known for extremely hot summers, as temperatures over 40° C are a common occurrence in July and August. Absolute maximum recorded in Podgorica is 44.8 °C, on 16th August 2007.  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ... (Redirected from 16th August) August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Culture

Republic Square was completely refurbished in 2006.

Podgorica is home to many Montenegrin cultural institutions and events. It hosts the Montenegrin National Theatre and a number of museums and galleries. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Montenegrin National Theatre (Serbian/Montenegrin language: Crnogorsko Narodno Pozorište) is located in Montenegrin capital of Podgorica. ...


The Montenegrin National Theatre is the most famous theatre not only in Podgorica, but in all of Montenegro. Podgorica is also host to the City's Theatre, the Children’s Theatre and the Puppet Theatre, as well as to many smaller enthusiastic theatre troupes.


Although not as rich in museums and galleries as the historic royal capital Cetinje, there are several noteworthy museums, among which are the Podgorica City Museum, the Museum of Marko Miljanov and the Natural History Museum. Notable art galleries of Podgorica are Dvorac Petrovića (Petrović's Castle) and Perjanički dom (House of the Honor Guard). Coordinates Mayor Milovan Janković (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 910 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 15,137 18,482 20. ... Marko Miljanov Marko Miljanov Popović (born April 25th, 1833 in Medun near Podgorica, Ottoman Empire, today Montenegro – death February 2nd, 1901, Herceg Novi, Austria-Hungary, today Montenegro) was a Montenegrin writer and a leader of the Kuči clan. ... The House of Petrović-NjegoÅ¡ (Serbian Cyrillic: Петровић-Његоши) is the Royal House of Montenegro. ...


Education

Most of the Montenegrin high education establishment are located in Podgorica. It is the home of University of Montenegro, the most significant institution for high education in Montenegro. Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts is also located in Podgorica, as well as DANU cultural organization. In recent years, the number of private institutions for higher education have emerged, further expanding the educational possibilities in Podgorica. The University of Montenegro (Serbian Univerzitet Crne Gore, Универзитет Црна Гора) is a university located in Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts (Crnogorska Akademija Nauka i Umjetnosti, CANU) is the most important scientific institution of Montenegro. ... The Doclean Academy of Sciences and Arts (Dukljanska akademija nauka i umjetnost, DANU; Latin Academia Dioclitiana Scientiarum et Artium) is a scholars academy in Montenegro. ...


Podgorica municipality has 34 elementary schools and 10 secondary education schools, including one gymnasium. A gymnasium (pronounced with or, in Swedish, as opposed to ) is a type of school providing secondary education in some parts of Europe, comparable to English Grammar Schools and U.S. High Schools. ...


The Radosav Ljumović national library is considered to be the most comprehensive library in Montenegro.


Media

Podgorica is undoubtedly the primary media hub of Montenegro. The city is home to the headquarters of state-owned public television broadcaster RTCG. Commercial broadcasters located in Podgorica are TV IN, NTV Montena, Elmag RTV, RTV Atlas and MBC. Programs of these broadcasters are seen in much of Montenegro. Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... In computer science, the code generation is a compilation stage that outputs machine code in the target language. ... Nezavisna Televizija Montena (NTV Montena) is a regional broadcaster in Montenegro. ... Radio Televion Elmag is a company based in Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Radio Televizija Atlas (RTV Atlas) is a national broadcaster in Montenegro. ...


All of daily newspapers in Montenegro (Vijesti, DAN and Pobjeda) are published in Podgorica. The popular weekly magazine Monitor is also published in Podgorica. Vijesti (Serbian Cyrillic: Вијести, English translation: News) is a Montenegrin daily newspaper. ... Dan (English: The day) is Montenegrin daily newspaper. ... Pobjeda (Serbian Cyrillic: Пoбjeдa, English: Victory) (MNSE: NIPO) is a Montenegrin newspaper. ... The Monitor is the name of a news magazine published in Podgorica, Montenegro, which has long supported democratic opposition to Serbia and independence for Montenegro. ...


Transport

Urban transport

Public transportation used to be provided solely by Gradsko saobraćajno preduzeće, a city-owned public transportation company which operated all urban bus lines within Podgorica. After dealing with many problems, it went bankrupt in the early 2000s, and public transportation was entirely provided by two private carriers.


The re-introduction of city-owned public transportation took place recently, but with smaller minibuses rather than with buses. Public transportation has had a hard time dealing with competition. Unlicensed taxis mostly threatened the bus service carriers, but increasingly today, cheaper dispatched taxicab service is becoming the favourite transportation service of Podgorica citizens. ...


Intercity transport

Road

Podgorica's location in central Montenegro made it a natural rail and road hub of the state. Roads in Montenegro generally are not up to European standard, especially the road connecting Podgorica with northern Montenegro and Serbia. Efforts are being made to construct a modern highway, to connect the north with Podgorica, and on to the Adriatic sea. Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Beograd - Bar motorway (Serbian: ), is a future motorway in Serbia and Montenegro. ... A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ...


The newly built tunnel Sozina, 4.2 km long and a very modern tunnel, even by European standards, shortens the journey from Podgorica to Bar, Montenegro's main seaport, to under half an hour. Sozina tunnel, here still under construction The Sozina tunnel is a vehicular tunnel in Montenegro, and is a part of E65 European route. ... Coordinates Mayor Žarko Pavićević (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 598 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 13,719 40,037 67. ...


The main transit connections of Podgorica are:

The planned Belgrade-Bar expressway is going to pass near Podgorica, making travel from Podgorica to northern and coastal Montenegro faster. European route E65 is a road part of the International E-road network. ... European route E80 is a road part of the International E-road network. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... European route E762 is a road part of the International E-road network. ... Coordinates Mayor NebojÅ¡a Radojičić (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 2,065 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 58,212 75,282 36. ... This article is about the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ... European route E65 is a road part of the International E-road network. ... European route E80 is a road part of the International E-road network. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ... European route E762 is a road part of the International E-road network. ...


Rail

Podgorica railway station is located near the city center. The station is an obsolete building that lags both behind Europeans standards and Podgorica's needs. However, the building's owner, Railways of Montenegro, is lacking the funds for reconstruction.


Podgorica's main railway link is Belgrade - Bar railway, both in passenger and freight traffic. The railway link to Nikšić is currently being reconstructed and electrified, and passenger service is expected to start in 2009. Podgorica is also connected by rail with Shkodër and Tirana in Albania, but the railway has been unused for some time. The Belgrade - Bar railway is a railway connecting the Serbian capital of Belgrade with the town of Bar, the main seaport in Montenegro. ... Coordinates Mayor NebojÅ¡a Radojičić (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 2,065 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 58,212 75,282 36. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ãœsküdar, a district of Istanbul, was also known as Scutari. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ...


Air transport

Podgorica Airport is situated 12 km south of the city, and is the main international airport in Montenegro. On July 13th, 2006, an entirely new passenger terminal was opened. Podgorica Airport (Montenegrin/Serbian: Аеродром Подгорица/Aerodrom Podgorica) (IATA: TGD, ICAO: LYPG) is an international airport located in 12km (8 miles) south of Podgorica. ... July 13th is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are regular flights from Podgorica to Belgrade, Bari, Budapest, Zurich, Frankfurt, Ljubljana, Paris, Rome, Skopje, and Vienna. For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bari (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in the Republic of Macedonia Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - City 701. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


Architecture

Millennium bridge
Millennium bridge

In accordance with city's and country's turbulent history, Podgorica is mixture of various architectural styles. Whenever the rule and regime changed, which in Podgorica occurred frequently, the architectural style typical for that regime was applied. Image File history File linksMetadata MilleniumBridgeNight. ... Image File history File linksMetadata MilleniumBridgeNight. ...


As Podgorica was incorporated into Ottoman Empire until 1878, there are many remnants of Turkish architecture. Oldest parts of modern Podgorica, Stara Varoš (Old town) and Drač, are typical representatives of this, with two mosques, Turkish clock tower and narrow, curvy streets throughout the neighbourhoods. Ottoman redirects here. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Clocktower at Geelong Grammar School, Victoria, Australia A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) clock faces. ...


With Podgorica being incorporated in Montenegro, the urban core shifted to the other bank of Ribnica River, where the town developed in European-oriented way, with wider streets intersecting at right angles. The Ribnica River is a small river that runs through Podgorica, Montenegro. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article is about angles in geometry. ...


During World War II, Podgorica was almost razed to the ground, being bombed over 70 times. After the liberation, the rebuilding began in a similar way to other cities in communist-ruled SFRY. Mass residential blocks were erected, with basic design typical for countries of Eastern bloc. The entire part of the city on the right bank of Morača River was built in this way. Even the empty spaces in the city center were filled with near-brutalist structures, resulting in an unfortunate fusion of old and the new. The residential and business blocks erected during the existence of SFRY provided the more-than-necessary housing for Podgorica citizens after the war, but they are heavily criticized for the uninventive and grey looks they incorporate. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... Morača (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Морача) is a river in Montenegro. ... Brutalism is an architectural style that spawned from the Modernist architectural movement and which flourished from the 1950s to the 1970s. ...


The major advance in architecture of Podgorica began in late 1990s and since then the city's face changed rapidly. Apartment buildings and business blocks are erected rapidly, and they incorporate the modern all-glass-and-steel looks. Public spaces in Podgorica are heavily invested in, so the city got many entirely new squares, parks and monuments. Some of the new landmarks have been emerging, such as Hristovog Vaskrsenja orthodox temple and the premium feature of Podgorica skyline, The Millennium Bridge. Podgorica is today in process of rapid transformation from featureless town to modern European capital. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... An Orthodox temple is a church built in the shape of Greek cross and common in Orthodox Christianity. ... Millennium Bridge, Podgorica, Montenegro The Millennium Bridge is a recently completed cable-stayed bridge over the Morača river, in Podgorica, Montenegro. ...


Sport

Morača Sports Center
Morača Sports Center

The most popular sports in Podgorica are by far football and basketball. Basketball became especially popular during the extraordinary successes of the Budućnost basketball club in the late 1990s and early 2000s, both in Yugoslav and European competitions. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... This article is about the sport. ... KK Budućnost Podgorica is a basketball club from Podgorica, Montenegro. ... The word fry may mean: To cook in a pan (frying pan) with the optional use of fat, butter, or cooking oil by heating over a flame; to cook in boiling lard or fat; as, to fry chicken; to fry doughnuts. ...


Football in Podgorica has a long tradition which is associated with Budućnost football club. World-famous football players Predrag Mijatović and Dejan Savićević were born in Podgorica, and made their debut in FK Budućnost. FK Budućnost (Serbian Cyrillic: ФК Будућност) is a football club from Podgorica, Montenegro, currently competing in the First League of Montenegro. ... Predrag PeÄ‘a Mijatović (Serbian Cyrillic: Предраг Мијатовић) (born January 19, 1969 in Titograd, Montenegro, SFR Yugoslavia) is a Serbo-Montenegrin former football player and current sports director of Real Madrid. ... Dejan Savićević (Serbian Cyrillic: Дејан Савићевић) (born September 15, 1966 in Titograd, Montenegro, SFR Yugoslavia), is a Montenegrin former football player and the current president of the Montenegro FA [1]. Born to Vladimir Savićević and Vojislava Đurović, young Dejan had an immediate affinity for football and quickly developed his natural...


Besides Budućnost, Zeta football club from Podgorica's suburb of Golubovci also has made its way to former first league of Serbia an Montenegro. These two clubs will probably compete with each other for leading position in First League of Montenegro. FK Zeta (Serbian: Фудбалски клуб Зета, Fudbalski klub Zeta) is a football club from Montenegro. ... Golubovci is a small town in Podgorica municipality in Montenegro. ... The First League of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Prva crnogorska fudbalska liga) is the top football league in Montenegro. ...


Three more clubs from Podgorica and its surroundings play in Montenegrin First League: FK Dečić (Tuzi), FK Kom and FK Mladost. One of the most popular clubs from subrbs is FK Ribnica from Konik. FK Dečić (Serbian Cyrillic: ФК Дечић, Albanian: FK Deciq) is a football club from Tuzi, Montenegro, currently competing in First League of Montenegro. ... Tuzi, Montenegro Tuzi (Serbian Cyrillic: Тузи, Albanian: Tuz) is a town in the Podgorica municipality, Montenegro, located on a road between Podgorica and Albanian border, just a few kilometers north of Lake Skadar. ... FK Kom is a football club based in Podgorica, Montenegro. ... FK Mladost is a football club based in Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Fudbalski klub Ribnica (English: Football Club Ribnica Konik) is a football club from Konik, a suburb of Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Konik is a suburb located in the Podgorica, in the Republic of Montenegro. ...


Budućnost volleyball and women's handball teams had also made significant successes in European competitions. Budućnost is the single most significant sport society in Podgorica, and its name means Future in Serbian/Montenegrin language. OK Budućnost Podgorica, also known by the sponsorship name of Budućnost Podgorička Banka, is a volleyball club from Podgorica, Montenegro. ... ŽRK Budućnost T-Mobile is a womens handball from Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Budućnost Podgorica is a sports society from Podgorica, Montenegro. ...


Annual sporting events, such as the Podgorica Marathon and the Morača River jumps, attract a number of international competitors.


Venues

Podgorica City Stadium
Podgorica City Stadium

Podgorica has a number of sporting venues; some of them under reconstruction and expansion. The main ones are: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

  • Podgorica City Stadium, when completed, will have a capacity of 24,000. It is the home of the Budućnost football club.
  • Morača Sports Center, with a large hall capacity of 4,200 seats, hosted one group of Eurobasket 2005, while other games were played in Belgrade, Vršac and Novi Sad.

Almost every football club in Podgorica has its own stadium. Worth mentioning are the Malih sportova stadium (Stadium of Small Sports) under the Gorica hill and the sport shooting range under the Ljubović hill. There are dozens of other sport facilities scattered around the city, notably indoor soccer fields. Pod Goricom Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Podgorica, Montenegro. ... Moraca Sports Center, located in Podgorica, Montenegro, is a sports complex named after the Moraca River that runs through the city of Podgorica and is a stones throw away from the center. ... Eurobasket 2005 Logo The 2005 European Basketball Championship, commonly called Eurobasket 2005, was held in Serbia and Montenegro between 16 September and 25 September 2005. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Location in Serbia [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia highlighting the settlement or municipality location]] General Information Mayor Jovica Zarkula Land area 10 km² Population (2002 census) 36,623 (54,369 municipality) Population density (2002) 5,437/km² Coordinates 45. ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... The shooting sports include those competitive sports involving tests of accuracy and speed when shooting various types of guns, including airguns. ... An indoor soccer game in Mexico. ...


Subdivisions

See also: List of Podgorica neighbourhoods and suburbs

Podgorica Municipality consists of Podgorica City Proper and two subdivisions called Urban municipalities (Gradske opštine), Golubovci and Tuzi. Podgorica Municipality consists of Podgorica City Proper and two subdivisions called Urban municipalities (Gradske opÅ¡tine), Golubovci and Tuzi. ... Below is a list of selected neighbourhoods and suburbs of Montenegrin capital of Podgorica. ... Golubovci is a small town in Podgorica municipality in Montenegro. ... Tuzi, Montenegro Tuzi (Serbian Cyrillic: Тузи, Albanian: Tuz) is a town in the Podgorica municipality, Montenegro, located on a road between Podgorica and Albanian border, just a few kilometers north of Lake Skadar. ...


The entire Podgorica Municipality is further divided into 57 local communities (mjesne zajednice), bodies in which the citizens participate in making decisions about matters of relevance to the community in which they live.


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Image File history File links Yerevan_coa. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Download high resolution version (532x631, 153 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...

See also

During Josip Broz Titos presidency and in the years following his death in 1980, several places in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were named or renamed in honor of him as part of his cult of personality. ... Konik is a suburb located in the Podgorica, in the Republic of Montenegro. ...

External links

Municipalities of Montenegro Flag of Montenegro
Andrijevica | Bar | Berane | Bijelo Polje | Budva | Cetinje | Danilovgrad | Herceg-Novi | Kolašin | Kotor | Mojkovac | Nikšić | Plav | Pljevlja | Plužine | Podgorica | Rožaje | Šavnik | Tivat | Ulcinj | Žabljak

  Results from FactBites:
 
Podgorica - definition of Podgorica in Encyclopedia (298 words)
Podgorica (Подгорица) (formerly Titograd and Ribnica) is the capital of Montenegro and the judicial capital of Serbia and Montenegro, located at 42.47° North, 19.28° East.
In the Middle ages, the town was known as Ribnica, and between 1945 and 1992 it was called Titograd.
In 1326, Ribnica was renamed Podgorica and became part of Serbia and Venice.
Podgorica - encyclopedia article about Podgorica. (1842 words)
Podgorica (Подгорица) (formerly Titograd and Ribnica) is the capital of Montenegro Republic of Montenegro (Serbian: Црна Гора;, Crna Gora, meaning "fl mountain") is a small, mountainous republic in the Balkans, on the Adriatic Sea.
Podgorica has several theatres, libraries and a university.
It was erected originally as a fortress, later on as a town, between IV and III century B.C. Well preserved walls of the fortress were built of big blocks of trimmed stone, placed in a number of rows.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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