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Encyclopedia > Pochvennichestvo

Pochvennichestvo - A.K.A. (Return to the Soil) was a late 19th century Russian nativist movement tied in closely with its contemporary ideology, the Slavophile movement. Both were for the complete emancipation of serfdom, and both campaigns stressed a strong desire to return to the idealized past of Russia's history, and both were driven towards anti-Europeanization. In addition, they also chose a complete rejection of the Nihilist and radical movements of the time. The primary focus was instead to change Russian society through the humbling of the self, and social reform through the Russian Orthodox church, rather than the radical implementations of the intelligentsia. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Nativism is used in both politics and psychology in two fundamentally different ways. ... A Slavophile was an advocate of the supremacy of Slavic culture over that of others, especially Western European culture. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Europeanisation (or Europeanization) refers to a number of related phenomena and patterns of change. ... This article is about the Russian cultural and political movement. ... The term Radical (latin radix meaning root) has been used since the late 18th century as a label in political science for those favoring or trying to produce thoroughgoing political reforms which can include changes to the social order to a greater or lesser extent. ... Young people interacting within an ethnically diverse society. ... The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... The notion of an intellectual elite as a distinguished social stratum can be traced far back in history. ...


The major differences between the Slavophiles and the Pochvennichestvo were that the prior detested the reforms of Peter the Great while the latter recognized the benefits of the notorious ruler, while still maintaining a strong patriotic mentality for the Russian people. Another major difference was that some of the movement's supporters adopted a strong anti-semitic stance. A Slavophile was an advocate of the supremacy of Slavic culture over that of others, especially Western European culture. ... Peter I Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia Peter I (Pyotr Alekseyvich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Patriotism is a feeling of love and devotion to ones own homeland (patria, the land of ones fathers). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The concept had its roots in the works of the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder which focused primarily on emphasizing the differences amongst people and regional cultures. In addition it rejected the universalism of the enlightenment period. The most prominent Russian intellectuals who founded this ideology were Nikolay Strakhov, Nikolay Danilevsky and Konstantin Leontyev. The ideology was later adopted by Alexander III and Nicholas II. A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... Johann Gottfried Herder Johann Gottfried von Herder (August 25, 1744 – December 18, 1803), German poet, critic, theologian, and philosopher, is best known for his influence on authors such as Goethe and the role he played in the development of the larger cultural movement known as romanticism. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Universality (philosophy). ... ... Nikolay Nikolayevich Strakhov Nikolay Nikolayevich Strakhov, also transliterated as Nikolai Strahov (Russian: Страхов Николай Николаевич) (October 16, 1828 - January 24, 1896) was a Russian philosopher, publicist and literary critic who shared the ideals of pochvennichestvo. ... Nikolay Yakovlevich Danilevsky (December 10, 1822, Obertse, Russia — November 19, 1865, Tiflis, Georgia) was a Russian ethnologist who pioneered the use of biological and morphological metaphors in the comparison of cultures. ... Konstantin Nikolayevich Leontyev (1831-1891) was a maverick Russian philosopher who advocated closer cultural ties of Russia with the East in order to oppose catastrophic egalitarian and revolutionary influences from the West. ... Alexander III (March 10, 1845 – November 1, 1894) reigned as Emperor of Russia from March 14, 1881 until his death in 1894. ... Nicholas II of Russia (May 18, 1868–July 17, 1918)[1] (Russian: , Nikolay II) was the last Emperor of Russia, King of Poland,[2] and Grand Duke of Finland. ...


See also

Ivan Ilyin Ivan Alexandrovich Ilyin (Russian: Иван Александрович Ильин) (March 28, 1883 - December 21, 1954) was a Russian religious and political philosopher, and émigré anti-communist publicist associated with the White movement. ... Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (Russian: Фёдор Миха́йлович Достое́вский, IPA: , sometimes transliterated Dostoyevsky  ) (November 11 [O.S. October 30] 1821 – February 9 [O.S. January 28] 1881) is considered one of the greatest Russian writers. ... Nicholas II can refer to: Pope Nicholas II Tsar Nicholas II of Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article or section should be merged with Narodnik Narodism known as a set of revolutionary tactics once used by the Russian Narodniks, and shortly later the Peoples Will party, which fought for the class position of Russias peasantry. ...

References

1. "Loose and Baggy Spirits: Reading Dostoevsky and Mendeleev." - Michael Gordin May-June 1999. Stanford University. The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford), is a private university located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco and approximately 20 miles northwest of San José in an unincorporated area of Santa Clara County. ...


     
     

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