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Encyclopedia > Poales
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Poales

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae,
commelinids
Order: Poales
Small (1903)
families
see text

Poales is a botanical name at the rank of order. Image File history File linksMetadata Dactylis_glomerata_bluete2. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum (a fern... In plant taxonomy, the name commelinids (plural, not capitalised) is used by the APG II system for a clade within the monocots, which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms. ... A botanical name is a formal name conforming to the ICBN. As with its zoological and bacterial equivalents it may also be called a scientific name. Botanical names may be in one part (genus and above), two parts (species) or three parts (below the rank of species). ... In botanical nomenclature, a taxon is usually assigned to a rank in a hierarchy. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ...


The APG II system, of 2003, recognizes such an order and places it in clade commelinids, in the monocots. It uses this circumscription: A modern system of plant taxonomy, the APG II system of plant classification was published in 2003 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, APG, in Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). ... In plant taxonomy, the name commelinids (plural, not capitalised) is used by the APG II system for a clade within the monocots, which in its turn is a clade within the angiosperms. ... Orders Base Monocots: Acorus Alismatales Asparagales Dioscoreales Liliales Pandanales Family Petrosaviaceae Commelinids: Arecales Commelinales Poales Zingiberales Family Dasypogonaceae Monocotyledons or monocots are a group of flowering plants usually ranked as a class and once called the Monocotyledoneae. ...

By far the most important family economically is the family of grasses (Gramineae or Poaceae), which includes barley, maize, millet, rice, and wheat. It is also the largest family in the order, far outnumbering its competitors: genera See text. ... Genera See text Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) is a large family of flowering plants native to the tropical and warm temperate New World. ... genera see text Centrolepidaceae is a botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Genera See text The Family Cyperaceae, or the Sedge family, is a taxon of monocot flowering plants that superficially resemble grasses or rushes. ... genera see text Ecdeiocoleaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Genera See text The Eriocaulaceae or pipewort family is a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the order Poales. ... genera see text Flagellariaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... genera See text Hydatellaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... genera See text. ... Genera Andesia Distichia Juncus - Rush Luzula - Woodrush Marsippospermum Oxychloë Prionium Rostkovia The Juncaceae, or the Rush Family, is a rather small monocot flowering plant family. ... Genera Mayaca Mayacaceae is a family of aquatic herbs with a worldwide distribution. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Rapateaceae is a botanical name of a family of flowering plants, native to tropical regions of eastern South America and western Africa. ... Genera See text The family Restionaceae of flowering plants contains at the latest review (2003), 40 genera and 950 species all of which are tufted or rhizomatous herbs. ... Species About 20 species; see text Sparganium (Bur-reed) is a genus of flowering plants, containing about 20 species in temperate regions of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. ... The small neotropical genus Thurnia is best known for constituting the family Thurniaceae, in the monocots. ... Species See text. ... Genera Abolboda Achlyphila Aratitiyopea Orectanthe Xyris The Xyridaceae are a family of subtropical and tropical plants. ... Genera See: List of Poaceae genera The true grasses are monocot (class Liliopsida) plants of the family Poaceae (formerly Graminae). ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... Binomial name Hordeum vulgare L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae. ... Binomial name Zea mays L. Maize (Zea mays ssp. ... Pearl millet in the field Ripe head of proso millet For other uses, see Millet (disambiguation). ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. Rice is an annual plant, growing to 1-1. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ...

  • Poaceae: 12,000 species
  • Cyperaceae: 5,000 species
  • Bromeliaceae: 1,400 species
  • Eriocaulaceae: 1,150 species

Estimates place the origin of the Poales in South America nearly 115 million years ago. The earliest known fossils include pollen and fruits that have been dated to the late Cretaceous (Bremer, 2000). The flowers are typically small, enclosed by bracts, and arranged in an inflorescence (except in the genus Mayaca, with solitary terminal flowers). The flowers of many species are wind pollinated; the seeds usually contain starch. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), hollyhock (Sildalcea malviflora), lily (Lilium auratum), primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ... The Cretaceous period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic period, about 146 million years ago (Ma), to the beginning of the Paleocene epoch of the Tertiary period (65. ... Clivia miniata right hereflowers. ... An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers on a branch of a plant. ... genera See text Mayacaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Starch is a complex carbohydrate which is insoluble in water, it is used by plants as a way to store excess glucose. ...


The APG system, of 1998, adopted the same placement (although it used the spelling "commelinoids") and used this circumscription (that is, it did not include the plants in families Abolbodaceae, Bromeliaceae and Mayacaceae in the order): A modern system of plant taxonomy, the APG system of plant classification was published in 1998 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. ... genera see text Xyridaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants. ...

  • order Poales
    family Anarthriaceae
    family Centrolepidaceae
    family Cyperaceae
    family Ecdeiocoleaceae
    family Eriocaulaceae
    family Flagellariaceae
    family Hydatellaceae
    family Joinvilleaceae
    family Juncaceae
    family Poaceae
    family Prioniaceae
    family Restionaceae
    family Sparganiaceae
    family Thurniaceae
    family Typhaceae
    family Xyridaceae

The Cronquist system did not recognize an order named Poales: the plants as included by APG II were assigned to the orders Bromeliales, Cyperales, Hydatellales, Juncales, Restionales and Typhales. genera see text Thurniaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... A system of plant taxonomy, the Cronquist system is a scheme for the classification of flowering plants (or angiosperms). ... Categories: ToL cleanup | Wikipedia cleanup | Liliopsida | Plant stubs ... Cyperales is an order comprising monocot flowering plants of a single family, the Cyperaceae, known as sedges. ... Hydatellales is a small order of monocot flowering plants, including one family, the Hydatellaceae. ... The Juncales are a former order of monocot flower, now included in the order Poales. ... Families (APG) Anarthriaceae Bromeliaceae Centrolepidaceae Cyperaceae Ecdeiocoleaceae Eriocaulaceae Flagellariaceae Hydatellaceae Joinvilleaceae Juncaceae Mayacaceae Poaceae Rapateaceae Restionaceae Sparganiaceae Thurniaceae Typhaceae Xyridaceae The Poales is a cosmopolitan order of monocotyledonous flowering plants. ... Families See text Typhales is an order of monocotyledonous flowering plants, including the family Typhaceae (bulrushes or cattails). ...


In early systems an order including the grass family did not go by the name Poales but by a descriptive botanical name such as Graminales in the Engler system (update of 1964) and in the Hutchinson system (first edition, first volume, 1926), Glumiflorae in the Wettstein system (last revised 1935) or Glumaceae in the Bentham & Hooker system (third volume, 1883). This list of systems of plant taxonomy presents “taxonomic systems” used in plant classification. ... Descriptive botanical names: Art 16 of the ICBN rules that names above the rank of family may be either descriptive or based on the name of an included genus. ... One of the prime systems of plant taxonomy, the Engler system was devised by Adolf Engler. ... A system of plant taxonomy, the Hutchinson system was published in J. Hutchinson (two volumes, 1926–1934; 2nd edition 1959; 3rd edition, 1973). ... Glumiflorae is a descriptive botanical name. ... A system of plant taxonomy, the Wettstein system recognised the following main groups, according to R. Wettstein (4th edition, 1935). ... Glumaceae is a descriptive botanical name. ... An early taxonomic system, the Bentham & Hooker system for seed plants was published in : G. Bentham & J.D. Hooker (three volumes, 1862–1883). ...


References

  • Bremer, Kåre (2000). Gondwanan Evolution of the Grass Alliance of Families (Poales). Evolution 56: 1374-1387. [Available online: Abstract ]
  • Judd, W. S., C. S. Campbell, E. A. Kellogg, P. F. Stevens, M. J. Donoghue (2002). Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach, 2nd edition. pp. 276-292 (Poales). Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts. ISBN 0878934030.
  • Linder, H. Peter and Paula J. Rudall. 2005. Evolutionary History of the Poales. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 36: 107-124.
  • Small, J. K. (1903). Flora of the Southeastern United States, 48. New York, U.S.A.

John Kunkel Small (1869-1938) was an American botanist. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Big Apple, The Capital of the World[1], Gotham Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area    - City 1,214. ... Motto: (1789 to 1956) (Latin for Out of many, one) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - • President George W. Bush (R)  - • Vice...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Poales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (271 words)
Poales is a botanical name at the rank of order.
The Cronquist system did not recognize an order named Poales: the plants as included by APG II were assigned to the orders Bromeliales, Cyperales, Hydatellales, Juncales, Restionales and Typhales.
Gondwanan Evolution of the Grass Alliance of Families (Poales).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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