FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Pneumocystis jiroveci
?
Pneumocystis jiroveci
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Pneumocystidomycetes
Order: Pneumocystidales
Family: Pneumocystidaceae
Genus: Pneumocystis
Species: P. jiroveci
Binomial name
Pneumocystis jiroveci
J.K.Frenkel

Pneumocystis jiroveci, sometimes called by its former name Pneumocystis carinii, is a fungus (earlier classified as a protozoa) that causes pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP). It affects those with weakened immune systems such as children and the elderly, but is especially common in patients with AIDS. Jiroveci is pronounced "yee row vet zee". Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Kingdoms Animalia - Animals Fungi Plantae - Plants Protista A eukaryote (also spelled eucaryote) is an organism with complex cells, in which the genetic material is organized into membrane-bound nuclei. ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Zygomycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota The Fungi (singular: fungus) are a large group of organisms ranked as a kingdom within the Domain Eukaryota. ... Classes Archaeascomycetes Discomycetes Euascomycetes Hemiascomycetes Lecanoromycetes Neolectomycetes Pezizomycotina Pneumocystidomycetes Saccharomycotina Schizosaccharomycetes Taphrinomycetes Mitosporic Ascomycota Members of the Division Ascomycota are known as the Sac Fungi and are fungi that produce spores in a distinctive type of microscopic sporangium called an ascus (Greek for a bag or wineskin). This monophyletic grouping... Species Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly ) Pneumocystis murina Pneumocystis A Pneumonia that affects individuals whose immunological defenses (immune system) have been compromised, that is caused by a microorganism (Pneumocystis Carinii) and that attacks esp. ... Species Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly ) Pneumocystis murina Pneumocystis A Pneumonia that affects individuals whose immunological defenses (immune system) have been compromised, that is caused by a microorganism (Pneumocystis Carinii) and that attacks esp. ... Species Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly ) Pneumocystis murina Pneumocystis A Pneumonia that affects individuals whose immunological defenses (immune system) have been compromised, that is caused by a microorganism (Pneumocystis Carinii) and that attacks esp. ... Species Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly ) Pneumocystis murina Pneumocystis A Pneumonia that affects individuals whose immunological defenses (immune system) have been compromised, that is caused by a microorganism (Pneumocystis Carinii) and that attacks esp. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Divisions Chytridiomycota Deuteromycota Zygomycota Glomeromycota Ascomycota Basidiomycota Yellow fungus Fungus growing on a tree in Borneo A fungus (plural fungi) is a eukaryotic organism that digests its food externally and absorbs the nutrient molecules into its cells. ... Protozoa (in Greek protos = first and zoon = animal) are single-celled eukaryotes (organisms with nuclei) that show some characteristics usually associated with animals, most notably mobility and heterotrophy. ... Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) is a form of pneumonia which is caused by a microorganism called Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii). ... The immune system is the system of specialised cells and organs that protect an organism from outside biological influences. ... The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. AIDS, or Aids, is an acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or acquired immune deficiency syndrome and is defined as a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the...


Pneumocystis infection is diagnosed by silver staining of the sputum. Sputum is matter that is coughed up from the respiratory tract, such as mucus or phlegm, mixed with saliva and then expectorated from the mouth. ...


In immunocompromised patients (e.g. those on chemotherapy or AIDS with a low CD4+ count; below 200/mm³), prophylaxis with regular pentamidine inhalations or sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (co-trimoxazole or TMP-SMX) may be necessary. Immunosuppression is the medical suppression of the immune system. ... Chemotherapy is the use of chemical substances to treat disease. ... The Red Ribbon is the global symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. AIDS, or Aids, is an acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or acquired immune deficiency syndrome and is defined as a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the... Pentamidine isethionate is a drug primarily given for prevention and treatment of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), a type of pneumonia often seen in people with HIV infection. ... Sulfamethoxazole is a sulfonamide antibiotic. ... Trimethoprim is a bacteriostatic antibiotic mainly used in the prophylaxis and treatment of urinary tract infections (cystitis). ... Co-trimoxazole (abbreviated SXT) is a bacteriostatic antibiotic combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, in the ratio of 1 to 5, used in the treatment of a variety of bacterial infections. ...


It is distributed worldwide.

Pneumocystis jiroveci Pneumocystis jiroveci cysts from bronchoalveolar lavage, stained with Giemsa stain
Pneumocystis jiroveci Pneumocystis jiroveci cysts from bronchoalveolar lavage, stained with Giemsa stain

Image File history File linksMetadata Pneumocystis. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pneumocystis. ...

Nomenclature

The name P. jiroveci, to distinguish the organism found in humans from variants of Pneumocystis found in other animals, was first proposed in 1976, in honor of Otto Jirovec, who described Pneumocystis pneumonia in humans in 1952. After DNA analysis showed significant differences in the human variant, the proposal was made again in 1999 and has come into common use; P. carinii still describes the species found in rats, while P. murina describes that found in mice. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature would normally require the name to be spelled jirovecii rather than jiroveci; both spellings are currently in use. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) is the set of rules that governs plant nomenclature, i. ...


Reference

  • A New Name (Pneumocystis jiroveci) for Pneumocystis from Humans - from the Centers for Disease Control.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pneumocystis jiroveci - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (345 words)
It causes the disease pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP), which afflicts people with weakened immune systems, such as children, the elderly, and especially AIDS patients, in whom it is most commonly observed today.
Pneumocystis infection is diagnosed by immunofluorescent or histochemical staining of the specimen.
jiroveci, to distinguish the organism found in humans from other variants of Pneumocystis, was first proposed in 1976 in honor of Otto Jirovec, who originally described Pneumocystis pneumonia in humans in 1952.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m