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Encyclopedia > Plymouth Rock
Plymouth Rock, described by some as "the most disappointing landmark in America" because of its small size and poor visitor access.
Plymouth Rock, described by some as "the most disappointing landmark in America" because of its small size and poor visitor access.

Plymouth Rock is the traditional site of disembarkation of William Bradford and the Mayflower Pilgrims who founded Plymouth Colony in 1620, in what would become the United States. There is no contemporary reference to it, and it is not referred to in Bradford's journal Of Plymouth Plantation or in Mourt's Relation. The first reference to the Pilgrims landing on a rock is found one hundred years after they landed. The rock is currently located on the shore of Plymouth Harbor in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Bas-relief on Bradford Street in Provincetown depicting the signing of the Mayflower Compact William Bradford (March 19, 1590 – May 9, 1657) was a leader of the separatist settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, and was elected Governor of the Colony for 15 two-year terms. ... Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882) The Mayflower was the famous ship that transported the Pilgrims from Plymouth, England, to Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts (United States), in 1620. ... This article is about a particular group of seventeenth-century European colonists of North America. ... Seal of Plymouth Colony Map of Plymouth Colony showing town locations Capital Plymouth Language(s) English Religion Puritan, Separatist Government Monarchy Legislature General Court History  - Established 1620  - First Thanksgiving 1621  - Pequot War 1637  - King Philips War 1675–1676  - Part of the Dominion of New England 1686–1688  - Disestablished 1691... The front page of the Bradford journal Written over a period of years by the leader of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation is the single most complete authority for the story of the Pilgrims and the early years of the Colony they founded. ... Mourts Relation was written primarily by Edward Winslow, although William Bradford appears to have written most of the first section. ... Plymouth Harbor is the name of a harbor located in the South Shore region of the state of Massachusetts. ... Nickname: Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth County Settled 1620 Incorporated (town) 1670 Government [1]  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Manager Mark Sylvia Area  - Town  134. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

History

The location of Plymouth Rock (more specifically, Dedham granodiorite, a glacial erratic), at the foot of Cole's Hill is said to have been passed from generation to generation. In 1741, when plans were afoot to build a wharf at the site, a nonagenarian, Thomas Faunce, Elder of the church, pointed out the precise rock his father had told him was the first solid land on which the Pilgrims set foot upon their arrival in the New World. (The Pilgrims had landed first near the site of modern Provincetown on the tip of Cape Cod in November 1620 before disembarking to stay at Plymouth). Elder Faunce had been the town record keeper for most of his adult life and was 94 years old when he made the identification of Plymouth Rock. The rock is located about 650 feet from where it is generally accepted that the initial settlement was built. A sample of granodiorite rock Granodiorite (IPA: ) is an intrusive igneous rock similar to granite, but contains more plagioclase than potassium feldspar. ... A Glacial erratic is a piece of rock carried by glacial ice some distance from the rock outcrop from which it came. ... // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... Nickname: Location in Barnstable County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Barnstable County Settled 1700 Incorporated 1727 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Town    Manager Sharon Lynn Area  - Town  17. ... Cape Cod (or simply the Cape) is an hook-shaped peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County, Massachusetts and forming the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts, in the Northeastern United States. ... Year 1620 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1774 an attempt was made by Col. Theophilus Cotton and the townspeople of Plymouth to move the rock. In the process the rock was split into two halves, and it was decided to leave the bottom portion behind at the wharf and the top half was relocated to the town's meeting-house. Nickname: Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth County Settled 1620 Incorporated (town) 1670 Government [1]  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Manager Mark Sylvia Area  - Town  134. ...

Plymouth Rock now rests at sea level.
Plymouth Rock now rests at sea level.

A published reference to Plymouth Rock was made by Captain William Coit in the Pennsylvania Journal of November 29, 1775, relating a story of how he brought captive British sailors ashore "upon the same rock our ancestors first trod". Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1500x1029, 348 KB) Family vacation photo of Plymouth Rock. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1500x1029, 348 KB) Family vacation photo of Plymouth Rock. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...

The 1867 structure that housed (part of) Plymouth Rock until 1920. The gates were added after construction in response to souvenir hunters.
The 1867 structure that housed (part of) Plymouth Rock until 1920. The gates were added after construction in response to souvenir hunters.

The upper portion of the rock was relocated from Plymouth's meeting-house to Pilgrim Hall in 1834. In 1859 the Pilgrim Society began building a Victorian canopy, designed by Hammatt Billings, at the wharf over the lower portion of the rock. Following its completion in 1867, the top of the rock was moved from Pilgrim Hall back to its original wharf location in 1880. The date "1620" was carved into the rock. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (880x1196, 280 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Plymouth Rock ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (880x1196, 280 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Plymouth Rock ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Charles Howland Hammatt Billings (1818-1874) was an artist and architect from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1920, the rock was relocated and the waterfront rebuilt to a design by noted landscape architect Arthur Shurcliff, with a waterfront promenade behind a low seawall, in such a way that when the rock was returned to its original site, it would be at water level. The care of the rock was turned over to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and a new very sober Roman Doric portico designed by McKim, Mead and White was built for viewing the tide-washed rock protected by gratings beneath the platform. The funds for the building of the new portico were raised by the National Society of Colonial Dames of America. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Arthur Asahel Shurcliff (1865 - 1957) was a noted American landscape architect. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Doric order was one of the orginal pokersthree orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. ... Categories: Architectural elements | Stub ... McKim, Mead, and White was the premier architectural firm in the eastern United States at the turn of the twentieth century. ...


During the Rock's many journeys throughout the town of Plymouth numerous pieces of the Rock were taken, bought and sold. Today approximately 1/3 of the top portion remains. It is estimated that the original Rock weighed 20,000 lb. Although some documents indicate that tourists or souvenir hunters chipped it down, no pieces have been noticeably removed since 1880. Today there are pieces in Pilgrim Hall Museum as well as in the Patent Building in the Smithsonian. Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

The Landing of the Pilgrims., by Henry A. Bacon, 1877
The Landing of the Pilgrims., by Henry A. Bacon, 1877

Alexis De Tocqueville wrote in 1835: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Tocqueville (disambiguation) Alexis de Tocqueville Alexis-Charles-Henri Clérel de Tocqueville (Verneuil-sur-Seine, Île-de-France, July 29, 1805– Cannes, April 16, 1859) was a French political thinker and historian. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

"This Rock has become an object of veneration in the United States. I have seen bits of it carefully preserved in several towns in the Union. Does this sufficiently show that all human power and greatness is in the soul of man? Here is a stone which the feet of a few outcasts pressed for an instant; and the stone becomes famous; it is treasured by a great nation; its very dust is shared as a relic."

In 1989 the seam over the face of Plymouth Rock was repaired as water was seeping into the old faultline. Thomas Choquette of Dartmouth, Massachusetts won the bid to do the work by offering $1.00. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...

The present (1920) superstructure designed by McKim, Mead, and White for the Tercentenary of Plymouth Rock

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... McKim, Mead, and White was a prominent architectural firm in the eastern United States at the turn of the twentieth century. ...

Current status

Today Plymouth Rock is managed by the Department of Conservation and Recreation for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as part of Pilgrim Memorial State Park. From the end of May to Thanksgiving Day, Pilgrim Memorial is staffed by Park Interpreters who inform visitors of the history of Plymouth Rock and answer questions. The Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) is a state agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Pilgrim Memorial State Park comprises two monuments in Plymouth, Massachusetts: Plymouth Rock and the National Monument to the Forefathers. ...


In the media

  • In the Family Guy episode Peter Peter Caviar Eater Peter refers to the Plymouth Rock with "look look, this is where the Pilgrams landed at Fraggle Rock," as Peter was attempting to convince The Historic Society of the value in his home.

Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... For the animated television series, see Fraggle Rock (animated TV series). ...

References

Samuel Davis, (1774 – April 20, 1831), was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Historical Society is a a major historical archive specializing in early American, Massachusetts, and New England history. ... John McPhee John Angus McPhee (born March 8, 1931) is a writer widely considered one of the pioneers of creative nonfiction. ... The New Yorker is an American magazine that publishes reportage, criticism, essays, cartoons, poetry and fiction. ... Francis Russell - (b. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The University of North Carolina Press (or UNC Press), founded in 1922, is a university press that is part of the University of North Carolina. ...

External links

  • Plymouth Rock
  • Maps and aerial photos for 41°57′29″N 70°39′44″W / 41.95805, -70.66212Coordinates: 41°57′29″N 70°39′44″W / 41.95805, -70.66212

  Results from FactBites:
 
Plymouth Rock (1187 words)
Having pointed out the rock directly under the bank of Cole’s Hill, which his father had assured him was that, which had received the footsteps of our fathers on their first arrival, and which should be perpetuated to posterity, he bedewed it with his tears and bid to it an everlasting adieu.
The separation of the rock was construed to be ominous of a division of the British Empire.
The care of Plymouth Rock was turned over to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and a new portico, designed by McKim, Mead and White and donated by the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, was built.
Plymouth Rock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (810 words)
The location of Plymouth Rock, a boulder of granite (more specifically, Dedham granodiorite, a glacial erratic), at the foot of Cole's Hill is said to have been passed from generation to generation.
The upper portion of the rock was relocated from Plymouth's meeting-house to Pilgrim Hall in 1834.
In 1920, the rock was relocated and the waterfront rebuilt to a design by noted landscape architect Arthur Shurcliff, with a waterfront promenade behind a low seawall, in such a way that when the rock was returned to its original site, it would be at water level.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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