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Encyclopedia > Plutarco Elías Calles
Plutarco Elías Calles
Plutarco Elías Calles
President of Mexico
Term of Office: 1 December 192430 November 1928
Preceded by: Álvaro Obregón
Succeeded by: Emilio Portes Gil
Date of birth: 25 September 1877
Place of birth: Guaymas, Sonora
Date of death: 19 October 1945
Place of death: Mexico City
Profession: Schoolteacher, soldier, politician
First Lady: Natalia Chacón
Party: PNR

Plutarco Elías Calles (25 September 187719 October 1945) was President of Mexico from 1924 to 1928. Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of Mexico is the head of state of Mexico. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Term of Office: 1 December 1920 – 1 December 1924 Preceded by: Adolfo de la Huerta Interim Succeeded by: Plutarco Elías Calles Date of birth: 19 February 1880 Place of birth: Álamos, Sonora Date of death: 17 July 1928 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Politician/Soldier First Lady: María Tapia... Emilio Portes Gil (3 October 1890 – 10 December 1978) was President of Mexico from 1928 to 1930. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Guaymas is a port city in Sonora, Mexico. ... This article is about the Mexican state of Sonora. ... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) held power in Mexico for more than 70 years. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... This is a list of presidents of Mexico. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Calles founded the Partido Nacional Revolucionario (National Revolutionary Party, or PNR) – which would later rename itself the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) – in 1929. The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) held power in Mexico for more than 70 years. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) held power in Mexico for more than 70 years. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He was born as Plutarco Elías 1877 in Guaymas, Sonora, son of a prominent man of Lebanese descent. However prominent his father was, Calles still grew up in poverty and deprivation. He took the last name of Calles from the uncle who raised him after the death of his mother, Maria de Jesús Campuzano. Calles worked many different jobs from a bartender to a schoolteacher. Calles supported many different presidents to maintain political clout. He was a strong supporter of Francisco Madero, who made Calles a police commissioner, and his ability to align himself with political winners allowed him to quickly move up the ranks, especially amid the anti-Catholic movement of the Mexican Revolution, attaining the rank of General in the military forces opposing Victoriano Huerta. 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Guaymas is a port city in Sonora, Mexico. ... This article is about the Mexican state of Sonora. ... Francisco I. Madero González (30 October 1873 – 22 February 1913) was a revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. ... The Mexican Revolution was a violent social and cultural movement, colored by socialist, nationalist, and anarchist tendencies beginning with popular rejection of dictator Porfirio Díaz in 1910 and culminating in the promulgation of a new constitution seven years later. ... Victoriano Huerta Ortega (23 December 1854 – 13 January 1916) was a Mexican military officer and President of Mexico. ...


Venustiano Carranza promoted Calles to governor and military ruler of his home state Sonora from 191516. In 1920 Calles aligned himself with Álvaro Obregón to overthrow Carranza, and Obregon named him head of the interior ministry. Calles used his ability to draw in labor class votes to come to power with Obregon, and subsequently as president of Mexico from 192428. During his term, he brought the PNR into power. Venustiano Carranza Garza (29 December 1859 - 21 May 1920) was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Term of Office: 1 December 1920 – 1 December 1924 Preceded by: Adolfo de la Huerta Interim Succeeded by: Plutarco Elías Calles Date of birth: 19 February 1880 Place of birth: Álamos, Sonora Date of death: 17 July 1928 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Politician/Soldier First Lady: María Tapia... Venustiano Carranza Garza (29 December 1859 _ 21 May 1920) was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. ... 1924 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On 14 June 1926, the stridently secularist Calles signed a decree known officially as "The Law Reforming the Penal Code" and unofficially as the Calles Law. The Calles Law fined those wearing church decorations up to 500 pesos and up to 5 years in prison for questioning the law. Due to these strict laws people in strongly Catholic areas began to oppose him, and this opposition led to the Cristero War from 192629. Calles sponsored the Callistas, prominent financiers and industrialists who controlled Mexico's economy at the time. He became the Jefe Máximo, the political chieftain of Mexico. After his term, he effectively controlled the government until 1934, with many regarding Emilio Portes Gil, Pascual Ortiz Rubio, and Abelardo Rodríguez as his puppets. Officially, after 1929, he served as Minister of War, as he continued to suppress the rebellion of the Cristero War. June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Peso is the name of the currency of various countries: Argentina: Argentine peso (ISO 4217: ARS) Chile: Chilean peso (CLP) Colombia: Colombian peso (COP) Cuba: Cuban peso (CUP) Dominican Republic: Dominican peso (DOP) Mexico: Mexican peso (MXN, previously MXP) Philippines: Philippine peso (PHP) Uruguay: Uruguayan peso (UYU) In Spanish peso... The Cristero War was brought about in response to the anti-Catholic laws of Plutarco Elías Calles The struggle between church and state in Mexico broke out in armed conflict during the Cristero War of 1926–1929. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Emilio Portes Gil (3 October 1890 – 10 December 1978) was President of Mexico from 1928 to 1930. ... Pascual Ortiz Rubio (10 March 1877 – 4 November 1963) was a Mexican politician. ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1934, Calles selected his old wartime subordinate Lázaro Cárdenas as presidential candidate, on the false assumption he could control Cardenas as he had with his predecessors. Calles became more and more right-wing as his power grew, and was known to have been moving toward fascism. He was reportedly reading Mein Kampf when placed under arrest under the order of President Cárdenas and deported with many of his collaborators on 9 April 1936 to the United States. Calles was allowed to return to Mexico by the moderate Manuel Ávila Camacho in 1941, and lived quietly in Mexico City until his death. Term of Office: November 30, 1934 – December 1, 1940 Preceded by: Abelardo L. Rodríguez Succeeded by: Manuel Ávila Camacho Date of birth: 21 May 1895 Place of birth: Jiquilpan, Michoacán Date of death: 19 October 1970 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Army General First Lady: Amalia Solórzano Party: Party... Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, refers to the right-wing authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Mein Kampf (German My Struggle) is a book written by Adolf Hitler, combining elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitlers political ideology, National Socialism. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ...


Despite his reputation as an elitist strongman, he is honored with statues in Sonoyta and Guaymas in Sonora, and the official name of the municipality of Sonoyta is named General Plutarco Elías Calles in his honor.



Preceded by:
Álvaro Obregón
President of Mexico
1924–1928
Succeeded by:
Emilio Portes Gil


Term of Office: 1 December 1920 – 1 December 1924 Preceded by: Adolfo de la Huerta Interim Succeeded by: Plutarco Elías Calles Date of birth: 19 February 1880 Place of birth: Álamos, Sonora Date of death: 17 July 1928 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Politician/Soldier First Lady: María Tapia... Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of Mexico is the head of state of Mexico. ... Emilio Portes Gil (3 October 1890 – 10 December 1978) was President of Mexico from 1928 to 1930. ...


 
 

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