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Encyclopedia > Plurality
Look up Plurality in
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A plurality, relative majority or simple majority is the largest share of something, which may or may not be considered an absolute majority, i.e. it is the largest group/category, but is not necessarily a majority (more than half). In United States usage, a simple majority does not include abstentions or absent members. It is more strict than a plurality vote, but less strict than an absolute majority vote. The plurality voting system, also known as "First past the post", elects the candidate who is the stated first choice of the plurality of voters. The political theory of pluralism holds that political power in society does not lie with the electorate but is distributed between a wide number of groups. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... A simple majority is the most common requirement in voting for a measure to pass, especially in deliberative bodies and small organizations. ... Absolute majority is a supermajoritarian voting requirement which is stricter than a simple majority. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Absolute majority is a supermajoritarian voting requirement which is stricter than a simple majority. ... An example of a plurality ballot. ...


The meaning of "plurality" depends on how the elements are categorized. For instance, in a room with twelve people: three Germans; two Englishmen; two English-speaking Canadians; one Mexican, two Guatemalans; and two American: This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ...

  • considered by national origin, the three Germans are the plurality;
  • considered by continent the seven North Americans (Canadians, Mexicans, Guatemalans, and Americans) are a plurality;
  • considered by primary national language, the six anglophones (Englishmen, Canadians, and Americans) are a plurality; and
  • considered by both continent and language, the three Hispanics (Mexicans and Guatemalans) are a plurality.

However, only the seven North Americans, when considered by continent, constitute a majority (more than 6). In the context of voting, this ambiguity can lead to coalitions of greater or lesser stability. Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... An anglophone is someone who speaks English natively or by adoption. ... A Coalition is an alliance between entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ...


The smallest possible plurality is (v+1)/n, rounded up, where v is the number of members of the group (voters) and n is the number of categories (candidates). Thus in a 5-candidate plurality election, just over 20% of the vote can theoretically win.


Religious councils

In religion, the term plurality has been coined to refer to an alternative system of church government, wherein the local assembly's decisions are made by a republic of older men held in equal status, each typically called an elder, in contrast to the "singularity" of the bishop hierarchy system (of Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches); or the pastor / president system (of Protestant churches). The plurality system is commonly encouraged among Presbyterians, Jehovah's Witnesses, Church of Christ, Disciples of Christ, Plymouth Brethren, and some Apostolics. Plurality is a slang term for presbyterian ecclesiastical polity. (See ecclesiastical polity.) A religious elder (in Greek, πρεσβυτερος [presbyteros]) is valued for his or her wisdom, in part for their age, on the grounds that the older one is then the more one is likely to know. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Greek Orthodox Church can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches: the Orthodox Church of Constantinople, headed by the Patriarch of Constantinople, who is also the first among equals of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      A pastor is an... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Alternate meanings: see Church of Christ (disambiguation). ... The insignia of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). ... The Brethren are a Christian Evangelical movement that began in Dublin, London, Plymouth, and the continent of Europe in the late 1820s. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Apostolici. ... Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance structure of a church or Christian denomination. ...




  Results from FactBites:
 
Lagelands Grammar - Plural of nouns (0 words)
plural of nouns - meervoud van zelfstandige naamwoorden
Be careful to follow the rules of spelling when putting nouns into the plural with -en.
In a small number of cases the plural is formed by adding ­-eren to the singular.
FunBrain.com - The Plural Girls (55 words)
Help them get their friends out by choosing the correct plural form of the given word.
Click on the correct plural form of the given word.
Type in the correct plural form of the given word.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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