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Encyclopedia > Pleven
Pleven
Плевен
Map of Bulgaria, Pleven is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Pleven
Population 138,139[1] (14 March 2006)
Altitude 116 m
Postal code 5800
Area code 064
License plate province code EH
Geographic coordinates 43° 25' north, 24° 37' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Nayden Zelenogorski (UDF); see List of mayors of Pleven
Website http://www.pleven.bg

Pleven (Bulgarian: Плевен ['pleven], known as Plevna in English in some historical documents) is the seventh most populated town in Bulgaria. It is located in the northern part of the country and is the capital of Pleven Province, as well as of the subordinate Pleven municipality. Image File history File links Pleven_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A Bulgarian license plate from the city of Sofia A Dobrich Province license plate The standard Bulgarian license plates consist of a blue vertical strip (the European strip) on the left side of the plate containing the flag of Bulgaria and the country code of Bulgaria (BG), always followed on... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Moscow Time Eastern European Summer Time Eastern African Time Category: ... The Union of Democratic Forces (Bulgarian: Съюз на демократичните сили, Saiuz na demokratichnite sili) is a political party in Bulgaria, founded in December 1989 as a union of eleven political ogranizations in opposition to the Communist government. ... This is a chronological list of mayors of Pleven, the seventh largest city of Bulgaria, since that post was established after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1877-1878. ... Pleven region shown within Bulgaria Pleven is a province in northern Bulgaria, neighbouring Romania. ...

Contents


Geography

Pleven is located in an agricultural region in the very heart of the Danubian Plain, the historical region of Moesia, surrounded by low limestone hills. Its central location in Northern Bulgaria defines its importance as a big administrative, economic, political, cultural and transport centre. The town is located 170 km away from the capital city of Sofia, 320 km west of the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and 50 km south of the Danube. The Pannonian plain is a large plain in central/south-eastern Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... In ancient geography, Moesia was a district inhabited chiefly by Thracian peoples. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Official website: sofia. ... The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast covers the whole eastern border of Bulgaria. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ...

Coat of arms of Pleven

The river Vit flows near the town and the tiny Tuchenitsa river (commonly known in Pleven as Barata, literally "The Streamlet") crosses it. Image File history File links Pleven-gerb. ... Vit (Bulgarian Вит) is a river in Northern Bulgaria with a length of 189 km. ...


The climate is temperate continental, with cold winters (down to –15°C) and hot dry summers (up to +35-40°C). The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ...


History

Prehistory and Antiquity

The earliest traces of human settlement in the area date from the 5th millennium BC, the Neolithic. // Events 4860 BC - Mount Mazama in Oregon collapses, forming a caldera that later fills with water and becomes Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States. ... An array of Neolithic artefacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland, Europes most complete Neolithic village. ...

The central streets of Pleven
Enlarge
The central streets of Pleven

Numerous archeological findings, among them the largest golden treasure found in Bulgaria, evidence for the rich culture of the Thracians, who have inhabited the area for thousands of years. ImageMetadata File history File links Pleven_-_centre. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Pleven_-_centre. ... The Thracians were inhabitants of Thrace and adjacent lands (present-day Bulgaria, Romania, Republic of Moldova, northeastern Greece, European Turkey and northwestern Asiatic Turkey, eastern Serbia and parts of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) [1]. They spoke the Thracian language, an Indo-European language. ...


In the beginning of the new era, the region became part of the Roman province of Moesia, and a road station called Storgosia arose near present-day Pleven on the road from Oescus (near modern Gigen) to Philippopolis (now Plovdiv), that later evolved into a fortress. One of the most valued archeological monuments in Bulgaria from the period is the Early Christian basilica from the 4th century found near the modern town. Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... In ancient geography, Moesia was a district inhabited chiefly by Thracian peoples. ... Storgosia was a road station of Ancient Rome located in the vicinity of Pleven, northern Bulgaria, in the modern Kaylaka Park. ... Oescus was an ancient town in Moesia. ... Gigen (Гиген) is a village in northern Bulgaria, part of Pleven Province. ... Ancient Theater, Plovdiv International Fair, Plovdiv Plovdiv is a city in Bulgaria and the capital of the Plovdiv Oblast (district). ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: Пловдив) is the second largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 376,918 citizens. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... The Early Christians is a term used to refer to the early followers of Jesus of Nazareth, before the emergence of established Christian orthodoxy. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ...


Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Pleven was a well-developed stronghold. When Slavs populated the region, they gave the settlement its contemporary name (Pleven comes either from the Slavic word "plevnya" ("barn") or from "plevel", meaning "weed", that share the same root). The name is first mentioned in a charter by Magyar King Stephen V in 1270 in connection to a military campaign in Bulgarian lands. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ... This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád. ... King Stephen V of Hungary (Hungarian: ,Slovak: Štefan V)(1239 or 1240 - August 6, 1272), was the eldest son of Bela IV of Hungary, whom he succeeded in 1270. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ...


Ottoman rule

During Ottoman rule, Pleven preserved its Bulgarian appearance and culture. Many churches, schools and bridges were built at the time of the Bulgarian National Revival. In 1825, the first secular school in the town was opened, followed by the first girls' school in Bulgaria in 1840, as well as the first boys' school a year later. Pleven is the place where Bulgarian national hero Vasil Levski grounded the first revolutionary committee in 1869, part of his national rebel network. // Early centuries of Ottoman rule Organisation of Ottoman Bulgaria The Ottomans reorganised the Bulgarian territories as the Beyerlik of Rumili, ruled by a Beylerbey at Sofia. ... The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... take you to calendar). ... Sir Galahad, a hero of Arthurian legend In many myths and folk tales, a hero is a man or woman (the latter often called a heroine), traditionally the protagonist of a story, legend or saga, commonly possessed of abilities or character far greater than that of a typical person, which... Vasil Levski (Bulgarian: Васил Левски, also transliterated as Vassil Levski), born Vasil Ivanov Kunchev (Васил Иванов Кунчев) was a Bulgarian revolutionary, ideologist, strategist and theoretician of the Bulgarian national revolution and leader of the struggle for liberation from Ottoman rule. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Internal Revolutionary Organisation (Bulgarian: Вътрешна революционна организация), IRO, was a Bulgarian revolutionary organisation founded and built up by Bulgarian revolutionary Vasil Levski in the period between 1869 and 1871. ...


Siege of Pleven

Main article: Siege of Pleven

The city was a major battle scene during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 that Russian Tsar Alexander II held for the purpose of liberation of Bulgaria. The joint Russian and Romanian army paid dearly for the victory, but it paved the path to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in this war, and the restoration of Bulgaria as a state. It cost the Russians and Romanians 5 months and 38,000 casualties to liberate the town after four assaults in what was one of the decisive battles of the war. Combatants Russia, Romania Ottoman Empire Commanders Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolai Krudener King Carol I of Romania Osman Pasha Strength 100,000 30,000 Casualties 38,000 killed, wounded or captured 40,000 killed, wounded or captured {{{notes}}} Map The Siege of Pleven (or Plevna) during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877... Combatants Russia, Romania Ottoman Empire Commanders Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolai Krudener King Carol I of Romania Osman Pasha Strength 100,000 30,000 Casualties 38,000 killed, wounded or captured 40,000 killed, wounded or captured {{{notes}}} Map The Siege of Pleven (or Plevna) during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877... The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 had its origins in the Russian goal of gaining access to the Mediterranean Sea and dominating Constantinople (Istanbul) and the adjacent Turkish Straits. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Look up Tsar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the US community of Czar, see Czar, West Virginia. ... Alexander (Aleksandr) II Nikolaevitch (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (born April 17, 1818 in Moscow; died March 13, 1881 in St. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl...

Pleven Panorama, one of the town's best known sights.
Enlarge
Pleven Panorama, one of the town's best known sights.

The 1911 Britannica concluded its lengthy entry on Pleven (transcripted as Plevna) with the memorable dictum: "Plevna is a striking example of the futility of the purely passive defence, which is doomed to failure however tenaciously carried out. Victories which are not followed up are useless. War without strategy is mere butchery." ImageMetadata File history File links Pleven_-_panorama. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Pleven_-_panorama. ... Pleven Panorama Pleven Epopee 1877, more commonly known as Pleven Panorama, is a panorama located in Pleven, Bulgaria, depicting the events of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78, specifically the five-month Siege of Pleven (Pleven Epopee) which made the city internationally famous and which contributed to the Liberation... (Redirected from 1911 Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... Plevna may refer to: Plevna, Kansas Plevna, Montana Plevna is also another name for Pleven in Bulgaria. ...


Modern history

The events of the Russo-Turkish War proved crucial for the development of Pleven as a key settlement of central northern Bulgaria. The town experienced significant demographic and economic growth in the following years, gradually establishing itself as a cultural centre of the region.


Demographics

The town hall of Pleven
The town hall of Pleven

According to statistical data, Pleven has a population of about 140,000. The ethnic breakdown is 94% Bulgarians and 5% Roma, with other ethnic groups being represented by about 1%. ImageMetadata File history File links Pleven_town_hall. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Pleven_town_hall. ... The Roma people (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom), often referred to as Gypsies, are a heterogeneous ethnic group who live primarily in Southern and Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Latin America, southern states of North America and the Middle East. ...


Religion

About 90% of Pleven's residents are Eastern Orthodox, while 5% of the population is of Muslim denomination. The Diocese of Nikopol, of which Pleven is part, is one of two Roman Catholic dioceses in Bulgaria, and another 5% of the citizens are Roman Catholic by faith, a significant number compared to other Bulgarian cities. Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ... Nikopol is a town in North Bulgaria, Pleven Province, on the Danube river. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Pleven has three Eastern Orthodox churches, the Bulgarian National Revival St Nicholas Church (1834) that was constructed at the place of a chapel from the Second Bulgarian Empire, St Paraskeva Church (1934) and Holy Trinity Church, built at the place of a church mentioned as early as 1523 in 1870 and inaugurated by Exarch Antim I. A new Eastern Orthodox church is being built in the Strogoziya quarter. The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century AD with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Antim I, born as Atanas Mihaylov, : Атанас Михайлов (1816, Lozengrad (Kirklareli), the Ottoman Empire, – December 1, 1888, Sofia) was a Bulgarian Exarch from 1872 to 1877. ...


The construction of a large Roman Catholic church of Our Lady of Fatima began in 2001. A mosque also exists in the town to serve the needs of the Muslim population, as well as a Protestant church that is situated in the building of the former local puppet theatre. Our Lady of Fatima Our Lady of Fatima (pron. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Badshahi Masjid in Lahore, Pakistan with an iwan at center, three domes, and five visible minarets A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Protestantism is a movement within Christianity, representing the splitting away from the Roman Catholic Church during the mid-to-late Renaissance in Europe—a period known as the Protestant Reformation. ...


Attractions

Historical sights

Most of the sights of the town are connected to the Russo-Turkish War. Only the monuments related to the war are about 200. Some of the more popular include the mausoleum-tomb in honour of the many Russian and Romanian soldiers who lost their lives during the Siege of Pleven and the ossuary in Skobelev Park. Another popular attraction is Pleven Panorama, created after (and reputedly larger than) the Borodino Panorama in Russia on the occasion of the anniversary of the Siege of Pleven. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 had its origins in the Russian goal of gaining access to the Mediterranean Sea and dominating Constantinople (Istanbul) and the adjacent Turkish Straits. ... St. ... A tomb is a small building (or vault) for the remains of the dead, with walls, a roof, and (if it is to be used for more than one corpse) a door. ... Combatants Russia, Romania Ottoman Empire Commanders Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolai Krudener King Carol I of Romania Osman Pasha Strength 100,000 30,000 Casualties 38,000 killed, wounded or captured 40,000 killed, wounded or captured {{{notes}}} Map The Siege of Pleven (or Plevna) during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877... An ossuary is a chest, building, well or site made to serve as the final resting place of human skeletal remains. ... Pleven Panorama Pleven Epopee 1877, more commonly known as Pleven Panorama, is a panorama located in Pleven, Bulgaria, depicting the events of the Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78, specifically the five-month Siege of Pleven (Pleven Epopee) which made the city internationally famous and which contributed to the Liberation... Night view of the hill from Kutuzov Avenue. ...


The Pleven Regional Historical Museum is also a popular tourist site. The main entrance to the museums edifice The Pleven Regional Historical Museum (Регионален исторически музей — Плевен), founded in 1953, is one of the largest museums in Bulgaria. ...


Parks

Pleven is famous for its Kaylaka (where the ruins of the Storgosia fortification can be found) and Skobelev parks. The latter is home to the Pleven Panorama and is situated on the original location of the battle during the Russo-Turkish War. Kaylaka (Кайлъка) is a large park and protected area south of Pleven, Bulgaria, situated in a Karst valley. ... The ossuary in Skobelev Park Nature in the park Skobelev Park (Скобелев парк) is a museum park in the vicinity of Pleven, Bulgaria. ...


Sport

Pleven is often regarded as an important centre of sports in Bulgaria, with many noted Bulgarian sportspeople having been born and/or trained in the town, including Tereza Marinova and Galabin Boevski. The sports school in Pleven is thought of as one of the most prominent in the country. Tereza Marinova (Тереза Маринова in Bulgarian, born September 5, 1973 in Pleven) is a Bulgarian athlete who competed in long jump and triple jump. ...


The town hosts two football clubs, Spartak Pleven and Belite Orli, which have separate stadiums. Both teams play in the second Bulgarian league and haven't had any major successes in the past, although Spartak Pleven has been the first team for a couple of former national players such as Plamen Getov. A football team is the collective name given to a number of players who play together in a football game, be it association football (soccer), rugby, Australian football, American football, Gaelic football, or other version of football. ... PFC Spartak Pleven (ПФК Спартак Плевен) is a Bulgarian football club from Pleven founded in 1919 that currently plays in the western divison of the Bulgarian B Football Group. ... First International Austria 6 - 0 Bulgaria (Vienna, Austria; 21 May 1924) Largest win Bulgaria 7 - 0 Norway (Sofia, Bulgaria; 3 November 1957) Bulgaria 7 - 0 Malta (Sofia, Bulgaria; 14 October 1982) Worst defeat Spain 13 - 0 Bulgaria (Madrid, Spain; 21 May 1933) World Cup Appearances 7 (First in 1962) Best...


Spartak Pleven is also a basketball team, a national championship winner in 1995 and national cup winner in 1996 (then named Plama Pleven). Other than that, the team is a regular first league participant. Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005 For other uses, see Basketball (disambiguation). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Notable natives

Emil Dimitrov (Bulgarian: ) (December 23, 1940, Pleven, Bulgaria – March 30, 2005, Sofia, Bulgaria) was a popular Bulgarian singer. ... LeAnn Rimes singing in concert A singer is a type of musician who uses his or her voice to produce music. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Tereza Marinova (Тереза Маринова in Bulgarian, born September 5, 1973 in Pleven) is a Bulgarian athlete who competed in long jump and triple jump. ... The triple jump is an athletics (track and field) event, previously also known as hop, skip and jump, whose various names describe the actions a competitor takes. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Slavi Trifonov Stanislav Todorov Trifonov, known as Slavi Trifonov, is a Bulgarian showman, singer and musician. ... Showman or Travelling Showmen are people who organise and run fairgrounds. ... Look up Artist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ludmilla Lucy Diakovska (born April 2, 1976 in Pleven, Bulgaria), also known as Lucylicious, is a German-Bulgarian singer, dancer and songwriter, who rose to fame as a member of the girl group No Angels. ... LeAnn Rimes singing in concert A singer is a type of musician who uses his or her voice to produce music. ... Silvia Dimitrova (born 1970), in Pleven in Northern Bulgaria is an icon painter. ... Look up Artist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Central market and Church in Rostov. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... // Overview Located in the state of the Rhineland-Pfalz in southwest Germany on the edge of the Pfalz forest (Pfälzerwald) Kaiserslautern hosts a population of 100,000 people + approximately 30,000 NATO military personnel (mostly US-Americans) and their families, who call the city K-Town due to its... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Motto: Nickname: Map Political Statistics Founded 1762 Incorporated Independent City Mayor David Brown Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 177. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Volos (Greek: Βόλος) is a city situated at the centre of the Greek mainland, about 326 km north from Athens and 215 km south from Thessaloniki. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... District or region Braga Mayor   - Party Magalhães Silva PS Area 241. ...

References

  1. ^ This number refers to the population by permanent address in the city. When the people with a permanent and present address in Pleven are counted, the population figures are 120,112. Source: Official population table as of 14 March 2006.

External links

  • Municipality of Pleven
  • Cities and villages in Pleven municipality - maps, populations, postal and phone codes, facts
  • Pleven article and photos at Pictures Of Bulgaria
  • Pictures from Pleven
  • Pictures from the Panorama building
  • Regional Historical Museum


Coat of arms of Bulgaria Cities and towns in Bulgaria The flag of Bulgaria
Aytos | Asenovgrad | Blagoevgrad | Botevgrad | Burgas | Dimitrovgrad | Dobrich | Dupnitsa | Gabrovo | Gorna Oryahovitsa | Gotse Delchev | Harmanli | Haskovo | Karlovo | Karnobat | Kazanlak | Kardzhali | Kyustendil | Lom | Lovech | Montana | Nova Zagora | Panagyurishte | Pazardzhik | Pernik | Petrich | Pleven | Plovdiv | Razgrad | Rousse | Samokov | Sandanski | Sevlievo | Shumen | Silistra | Sliven | Smolyan | Sofia | Stara Zagora | Svishtov | Targovishte | Troyan | Varna | Veliko Tarnovo | Velingrad | Vidin | Vratsa | Yambol

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pleven at AllExperts (1215 words)
Pleven is located in an agricultural region in the very heart of the Danubian Plain, the historical region of Moesia, surrounded by low limestone hills.
Pleven is the place where Bulgarian national hero Vasil Levski grounded the first revolutionary committee in 1869, part of his national rebel network.
Pleven is often regarded as an important centre of sports in Bulgaria, with many noted Bulgarian sportspeople having been born and/or trained in the town, including Tereza Marinova and Galabin Boevski.
Pleven - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1137 words)
Pleven is located in an agricultural region in the very heart of the Danubian Plain, the historical region of Moesia, surrounded by low limestone hills.
Pleven is the place where Bulgarian national hero Vasil Levski grounded the first revolutionary committee in 1869, part of his national rebel network.
Pleven is often regarded as an important centre of sports in Bulgaria, with many noted Bulgarian sportspeople having been born and/or trained in the town, including Tereza Marinova and Galabin Boevski.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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