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Encyclopedia > Plena

'Plena is a folkloric genre native of Puerto Rico. Its creation was influenced by African and Spanish music. The music is related to similar music in Trinidad and Barbados. World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Look up Trinidad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The music's beat and rhythm are usually played using hand drums called panderetas or panderos (also called Pleneras by LP[1]) and a guiro. Panderos resemble tambourines but without the cymbals. These are handheld drums with stretched animal skins covering a round wooden frame. There is disagreement on whether the panderetas typically used in Puerto Rico today are adapted from instruments known in Spain from the time of the Moors known as an "adufe", or from similar African instruments. An advantage of this percussion arrangement is its portability, contributing to the plena's spontaineous appearance at any social gathering. Other instruments commonly heard in plena music are the cuatro, the maracas, requinto, and accordions. See also the beat disambiguation page. ... For the popular Tamil film, see Rhythm (film) Rhythm (Greek = flow, or in Modern Greek, style) is the variation of the length and accentuation of a series of sounds or other events. ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Music stubs | Latin percussion | Idiophones ... Kocek with tambourine 19th c. ... It is also possible that you want to know about the Cymbalum instrument. ... Moorish Ambassador to Queen Elizabeth I of England The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including present day Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal) as well as the Maghreb and western Africa, whose culture is often called Moorish. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... The name cuatro can refer to any of several Latin American instruments of the guitar or lute family. ... Maracas Maracas (sometimes called rhumba shakers) are simple percussion instruments (idiophones), usually played in pairs, consisting of a dried calabash or gourd shell (cuia - kOO-ya) or coconut shell filled with seeds or dried beans. ... When applied to musical instruments, the term requinto is used in both Spanish and Portuguese to mean a smaller, higher-pitched version of another instrument. ... a piano accordion An accordion is a small portable free-reed wind instrument with a keyboard, the smallest representative of the organ family. ...


The fundamental melody of the plena (a dance difficult to classify), as in all regional Puerto Rican music, has a decided Spanish strain; it is marked in the resemblance between the plena Santa María and a song composed in the Middle Ages by Alfonso the Wise, King of Spain. The lyrics of plena songs are usually octosyllabic and assonant. Following the universal custom the theme touches upon all phases of life—romance, politics, and current events—in fact, anything which appeals to the imagination of the people, such as the arrival of a personage, a crime, a bank moratorium, or a hurricane. Santa María or Santa Maria may refer to: The name of the Blessed Virgin Mary or Mary, the mother of Jesus, in various languages such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Catalan. ... Alfonso X and his court. ...


The rhythm itself was reportedly created by a black couple who were originally from Barbados and who lived in the Joya del Castillo section of Ponce, Puerto Rico, probably occurring as early as 1919. There is some speculation that "plena" is a corruption of "Play, Anna", the alleged initial call used by the husband to ask his wife to assist him in his drumming by playing the counterpoint that characterizes plena. However, Puerto Rican historians such as Ricardo Alegría have debased this as an urban legend, since the name plena had been used to depict the danceable part of traditional merengue as early as the 1850's. There is also some speculation that plena derives from the "holandé(s)" bomba rhythm, also native to Puerto Rico. Flag Seal Nickname: Ciudad de los Leones , La Perla del Sur Gentilic: Ponceños Location Location of Ponce, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico Government Founded 1692 Mayor Francisco Zayas Seijo Political party PPD Senatorial district 5 - Ponce Representative district 24,25 Geographical characteristics Area Total 501. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... In music, counterpoint is the relationship between two or more voices that are independent in contour and rhythm, and interdependent in harmony. ... Dr. Ricardo Alegría (born April 14, 1921 in San Juan, Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican scholar known as the Father of Modern Puerto Rican Archaeology. Dr. Ricardo Alegria Algeria is credited with being a pioneer in the anthropolic studies of the Taino culture and the African heritage in... An urban legend or urban myth is a kind of modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ... Merengue is a type of lively, joyful music and dance that comes from the Dominican Republic. ... For other uses, see Bomba (disambiguation). ...


Plena quickly became a "singing news paper" for the lower classes, and used to spread messages among people, similar to the corridos in Mexico. The traditional center of plena was probably San Antón, a barrio of Ponce, although the black neighborhood of Loíza aldea is also mentioned as the heartland for the genre. Its popularity peaked in the 1920s. The corrido is a popular narrative song and poetry form of the mestizo Mexican cultural area (which includes the Southern states of the United States, taken from Mexican sovereignship in the mid to late 19th. ... Barrio is a Spanish word meaning district. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Ciudad de los Leones , La Perla del Sur Gentilic: Ponceños Location Location of Ponce, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico Government Founded 1692 Mayor Francisco Zayas Seijo Political party PPD Senatorial district 5 - Ponce Representative district 24,25 Geographical characteristics Area Total 501. ... Loíza is a small town in the northeastern coast of Puerto Rico, near Canóvanas, Carolina and San Juan. ...


Plena is played throughout Puerto Rico especially during special occasions such as the Christmas season, and as the musical backdrop for civic protests, due to its traditional use as a vehicle for social commentary. Whenever plena is played the audience also joins in the singing, clapping, and dancing. This is an African characteristic. 2003 GMO USDA protest Protest expresses relatively overt reaction to events or situations: sometimes in favour, more often opposed. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


As a folk genre, there have been many good composers, some well known in their day and into the present. Perhaps one of the genre's most celebrated composers and performers was Manuel A Jiménez, known as 'El Canario'. Certainly, there were many others, including such greats as Ismael Rivera, Mon Rivera (the Younger), Daniel Santos and Rafael Cortijo. The genre has had a revival as of late, as evident by the emergence of many plena bands (such as Plena Libre) and its use in various songs, such as Ricky Martin's recent song "Pégate". Ismael Rivera a. ... Mon Rivera is the common name given to two distinct Puerto Rican musicians (both born in Mayagüez), namely Monserrate Rivera Alers (originally nicknamed Rate, later referred to as Don Mon, or Mon The Elder, and sometimes credited as Ramón in songwriting credits) and his eldest son, Efraín... Daniel Santos a. ... Rafael Cortijo (January 11, 1928- October 3, 1982), was a Puerto Rican musician, orquestra leader and composer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Plena - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (513 words)
The fundamental melody of the plena (a dance difficult to classify), as in all regional Puerto Rican music, has a decided Spanish strain; it is marked in the resemblance between the plena Santa María and a song composed in the Middle Ages by Alfonso the Wise, King of Spain.
There is some speculation that "plena" is a corruption of "Play, Anna", the alleged initial call used by the husband to ask his wife to assist him in his drumming by playing the counterpoint that characterizes plena.
Plena is played throughout Puerto Rico especially during special occasions such as the Christmas season, and as the musical backdrop for civic protests, due to its traditional use as a vehicle for social commentary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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