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Encyclopedia > Playstation
PlayStation
The original PlayStation was produced in a light grey color.
Manufacturer Sony Computer Entertainment
Product family PlayStation
Type Video game console
Generation Fifth generation era
First available JP December 3, 1994[1]
NA September 9, 1995[2]
EU September 29, 1995[3]
AUS November 1995[4]
CPU MIPS R3000A at 33 MHz.
Media CD-ROM
System storage Memory card
Units shipped 102.49 million, including 28.15 million PS one units[5]
Best-selling game Gran Turismo 10.85 million (as of December 2007)[6]
Successor PlayStation 2

PlayStation (often abbreviated PS, PSone or PS1, and informally as the PSX) is a 32-bit video game console of the fifth generation that was first released by Sony Computer Entertainment in December 1994.[citation needed] PlayStation is the name of several video game consoles created by Sony. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links PlayStationConsole_bkg-transparent. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... The PlayStation logo The PlayStation series is a line of video game consoles created and developed by Sony Computer Entertainment, occupying the fifth, sixth and seventh generations. ... Game console redirects here. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... This article is about the country in East Asia. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... North American redirects here. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... CPU redirects here. ... A MIPS R4400 microprocessor made by Toshiba. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Four major types of memory cards (from left to right: CompactFlash, Memory Stick, Secure Digital, and xD. A memory card or flash memory card is a solid-state electronic flash memory data storage device used with digital cameras, handheld and Mobile computers, telephones, music players, video game consoles, and other... This is a list of video games that have sold one million copies or more, including the top ten best-selling franchises. ... Gran Turismo Gran Turismo (commonly abbreviated to GT or GT1) is a racing game designed by Kazunori Yamauchi. ... PS2 redirects here. ... PSX is the name of a Sony media center, digital video recorder, and DVD recorder based on the PlayStation 2 video game console. ... Game console redirects here. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ...


The PlayStation was the first of the ubiquitous PlayStation series of console and hand-held game devices, which has included successor consoles and upgrades including the Net Yaroze (a special black PS with tools and instructions to program PS games and applications), PS one (a smaller version of the original), PocketStation (a handheld which enhances PS games and acts as a memory card), PlayStation 2, a revised, slimline PS2, PlayStation Portable (a handheld gaming console), a revised "PSP slim & lite", PSX (Japan only; a media center, DVR and DVD recorder based on the PS2), and PlayStation 3 (20GB, 40GB, 60GB, & 80GB). By March 31, 2005, the PlayStation and PS one had shipped a combined total of 102.49 million units,[5] becoming the first video game console to reach the 100 million mark.[7] The PlayStation logo The PlayStation series is a line of video game consoles created and developed by Sony Computer Entertainment, occupying the fifth, sixth and seventh generations. ... A successor function is the label in the literature for what is actually an operation. ... The Net Yaroze is a development kit for the PlayStation video game console. ... The PocketStation is a miniature game console created by Sony as a peripheral for the PlayStation. ... PS2 redirects here. ... The two versions of the PS2 with an Eye Toy camera The PlayStation 2 (PS2) (Japanese: プレイステーション2) is Sonys second video game console, after the PlayStation. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... PSX is the name of a Sony media center, digital video recorder, and DVD recorder based on the PlayStation 2 video game console. ... Foxtel IQ, a digital video recorder and a satellite cable set-top box. ... DVR with built-in DVD recorder. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

An original PlayStation control pad. This model was later replaced by the Dual Analog, and then the DualShock.
An original PlayStation control pad. This model was later replaced by the Dual Analog, and then the DualShock.

According to the book "Game Over", by David Scheff, the first conceptions of the PlayStation date back to 1986. Nintendo had been attempting to work with disc technology since the Famicom, but the medium had problems. Its rewritable magnetic nature could be easily erased (thus leading to a lack of durability), and the discs were a copyright infringement danger. Consequently, when details of CDROM/XA (an extension of the CD-ROM format that combines compressed audio, visual and computer data, allowing all to be accessed simultaneously) came out, Nintendo was interested. CD-ROM/XA was being simultaneously developed by Sony and Phillips. Nintendo approached Sony to develop a CD-ROM add-on, tentatively titled the "SNES-CD". A contract was signed, and work began. Nintendo's choice of Sony was due to a prior dealing: Ken Kutaragi, the person who would later be dubbed "The Father of PlayStation", was the individual who had sold Nintendo on using the Sony SPC-700 processor for use as the eight-channel ADPCM sound synthesis set in the Super Famicom/SNES console through an impressive demonstration of the processor's capabilities. An original (pre-Dual Shock) Playstation controller - photo taken by me File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... An original (pre-Dual Shock) Playstation controller - photo taken by me File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The PlayStation Dual Analog Controller (SCPH-1150 in Japan, SCPH-1180 in the United States and SCPH-1180e in Europe) is Sonys first attempt at a handheld analog controller for the PlayStation, and the predecessor to the DualShock. ... The DualShock (officially DUALSHOCK and occasionally referred to as Dual Shock) is the standard game controller available for the PlayStation and PlayStation 2 video game consoles. ... For the video game system, see Nintendo Entertainment System. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Cathach of St. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Phillips may refer to: Phillips Head, a type of self-centering screw head shaped like a plus sign. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Ken Kutaragi (久夛良木 健 Kutaragi Ken, born August 8, 1950) former Chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Computer Entertainment (SCEI), the video game division of Sony Corporation until his retirement. ... The SONY SPC700 is the 8-bit sound chip designed by Ken Kutaragi and used in the Super Famicom/Super Nintendo Entertainment System video game console together with a digital signal processor (DSP). ... PCM redirects here. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ...


Sony also planned to develop another, Nintendo compatible, Sony-branded console, but one which would be more of a home entertainment system playing both Super Nintendo cartridges and a new CD format which Sony would design. This was also to be the format used in SNES-CD discs, giving a large degree of control to Sony despite Nintendo's leading position in the video gaming market. The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ...

The DualShock controller.
The DualShock controller.

The SNES-CD was to be announced at the June 1991 Consumer Electronics Show (CES). However, when Hiroshi Yamauchi read the original 1988 contract between Sony and Nintendo, he realized that the earlier agreement essentially handed Sony complete control over any and all titles written on the SNES CD-ROM format. Yamauchi decided that the contract was totally unacceptable and he secretly canceled all plans for the joint Nintendo-Sony SNES CD attachment. Instead of announcing a partnership between Sony and Nintendo, at 9 a.m. the day of the CES, Nintendo chairman Howard Lincoln stepped onto the stage and revealed that Nintendo was now allied with Philips, and Nintendo was planning on abandoning all the previous work Nintendo and Sony had accomplished. Lincoln and Minoru Arakawa had, unbeknown to Sony, flown to Philips headquarters in Europe and formed an alliance of a decidedly different nature—one that would give Nintendo total control over its licenses on Philips machines. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 637 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 637 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The DualShock (officially DUALSHOCK and occasionally referred to as Dual Shock) is the standard game controller available for the PlayStation and PlayStation 2 video game consoles. ... The International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) is a trade show held each January in Las Vegas, Nevada, and is sponsored by the Consumer Electronics Association. ... Image:Yamauchi. ... Howard Charles Lincoln (b. ... Philips HQ in Amsterdam Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world, founded and headquartered in the Netherlands. ... Minoru Arakawa (荒川實, Arakawa Minoru; born September 3, 1946) was the president of Nintendo of America (NOA) from 1980 to 2002. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


After the collapse of the joint project, Sony considered halting their research, but ultimately the company decided to use what they had developed so far and make it into a complete, stand alone console. As a result, Nintendo filed a lawsuit claiming breach of contract and attempted, in U.S. federal court, to obtain an injunction against the release of the PlayStation, on the grounds that Nintendo owned the name. The federal judge presiding over the case denied the injunction and, in October 1991, the first incarnation of the new Sony PlayStation was revealed. However, it is theorized that only 200 or so of these machines were ever produced. Breach of contract is a legal concept in which a binding agreement or bargained-for exchange is not honored by one or more of the parties to the contract by non-performance or interference with the other partys performance. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The United States federal courts are the system of courts organized under the... Look up Injunction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

PlayStation Memory Card
PlayStation Memory Card

By the end of 1992, Sony and Nintendo reached a deal whereby the "Sony Play Station" would still have a port for SNES games, but Nintendo would own the rights and receive the bulk of the profits from the games, and the SNES would continue to use the Sony-designed audio chip. However, Sony decided in early 1993 to begin reworking the "Play Station" concept to target a new generation of hardware and software. As part of this process the SNES cartridge port was dropped and the space between the names was removed. Four major types of memory cards (from left to right: CompactFlash, Memory Stick, Secure Digital, and xD. A memory card or flash memory card is a solid-state electronic flash memory data storage device used with digital cameras, handheld and Mobile computers, telephones, music players, video game consoles, and other...


Launch

The PlayStation was launched in Japan on December 3, 1994, North America on September 9, 1995,[2] Europe on September 29, 1995,[3] and Oceania in November 1995.[4] The launch price in the American market was US$299[2] (a price point later used by its successor, the PlayStation 2),[8] and Sony enjoyed a very successful launch with titles of almost every genre, including Battle Arena Toshinden, Twisted Metal, Warhawk, Philosoma, and Ridge Racer. Almost all of Sony's and Namco's launch titles went on to spawn numerous sequels.[citation needed] is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... North American redirects here. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... USD redirects here. ... PS2 redirects here. ... For the anime, see Battle Arena Toshinden (anime). ... Twisted Metal is the first game in the Twisted Metal vehicular combat series. ... Warhawk is a futuristic arcade-style flight-combat game for the Sony PlayStation console, developed by SingleTrac and released by Sony. ... Philosoma is a video game for the Sony PlayStation, released in 1996 and published by Sony Computer Entertainment America. ... Ridge Racer on the PlayStation Ridge Racer is a series of arcade racing games developed and published by Namco for both the arcade and various consoles. ... This article is about Namco, a Japanese leisure company and game developer. ...


The PlayStation was also able to generate interest with a unique series of advertising campaigns. Many of the ads released at the time of launch were full of ambiguous content which had many gamers rabidly debating their meanings. The most well-known launch ads include the "Enos Lives" campaign, and the "U R Not e" ads (the "e" in "U R Not e" was always colored in red, to symbolize the word "ready", and the "Enos" meant "ready Ninth Of September", the U.S. launch date). The Enos ad could also be read as Sony written backward with phonetic sound of "E" replacing the "y". It is believed that these ads were an attempt to play off the gaming public's suspicion towards Sony as an unknown, untested entity in the video game market. The PlayStation 3 slogan, "PLAY B3YOND", resembles this slogan, as the 3 is red. An advertising campaign is a series of advertisement messages that share a single idea and theme which make up an integrated marketing communication (IMC). ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ...


The PlayStation logo was designed by Manabu Sakamoto, who also designed the logo for Sony's VAIO computer products. VAIO logo VAIO, an acronym for Video Audio Integrated Operation, is a sub-brand for many of Sonys computer products. ...


Titles

See also: Chronology of PlayStation games and List of PlayStation 1 games

As of September 30, 2007, 7,978 software titles have been released worldwide (counting games released in multiple regions as separate titles).[9] As of March 31, 2007, the cumulative software shipment was at 962 million units.[10] The very last game for the system was FIFA Football 2005.[citation needed] This is a comprehensive chronology of PlayStation games. ... This is a list of games for the Sony PlayStation video game system, organized alphabetically by name. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Improving the career mode, the game was extensively advertised and released much sooner than the usual late October date to avoid proximity with the release of Pro Evolution Soccer 4 and the EA Big release, FIFA Street. ...


The OK and Cancel buttons on most of the Japanese PlayStation games are reversed in their North American and European releases. In Japan, the button (maru, right) is universally used as the OK button, while the button (batsu, wrong) is used as the Cancel one. North American and European releases have the button or the buttons as the OK button, while the or the buttons are used as the Cancel ones. However, a few games such as Squaresoft's Vagrant Story, Final Fantasy VII, and Final Fantasy Tactics, and Konami's Metal Gear Solid, have the buttons remain in the same Japanese configuration in their North American and European releases. These Japanese button layouts still apply to other PlayStation consoles, such as the PlayStation Portable (PSP), PlayStation 2 and the PlayStation 3. This is because in the early years Sony America (SCEA), Sony Europe (SCEE) and Sony Japan (SCEJ) had different development and testing documents (TRCs) for their respective territories. SQUARE ENIX (Japanese: スクウェア・エニックス) is a Japanese producer of popular video games and manga. ... Vagrant Story ) is a console role-playing game developed and published by Square Co. ... Final Fantasy VII ) is a console role-playing game developed and published by Square, and the seventh installment in the Final Fantasy series. ... Final Fantasy Tactics ) is a tactical role-playing game developed and published by Square (now Square Enix) for the Sony PlayStation video game console. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... This article is about the original PlayStation game. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... PS2 redirects here. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ...


Production run

Lasting over 11 years, the PlayStation enjoyed one of the longest production runs in the video game industry. On March 23, 2006, Sony announced the end of production.[11] is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ...


Variants

Developer's kit PlayStation
Developer's kit PlayStation

The PlayStation went through a number of variants during its production run, each accompanied by a change in the part number. From an external perspective, the most notable change was the gradual reduction in the number of external connectors on the unit. This started very early on—the original Japanese launch units (SCPH-1000) had an S-Video port, which was removed on the next release. This also led to the strange situation where the US and European launch units had the same part number series (SCPH-100x) as the Japanese launch units, but had different hardware (Rev. C silicon and no S-Video port)—they were the same as the Japanese SCPH-3000, so for consistency should have been SCPH-3001 and SCPH-3002 (this numbering was used for the Yaroze machines, which were based on the same hardware and numbered DTL-H3000, DTL-H3001, and DTL-H3002). This series of machines had a reputation for CD drive problems—the optical pickup sled was made of thermoplastic, and eventually developed wear spots that moved the laser into a position where it was no longer parallel with the CD surface—a modification was made that replaced the sled with a die-cast one with hard nylon inserts, which corrected the problem. S-Video (also known as Y/C) is a baseband analog video format offering a higher quality signal than composite video, but a lower quality than RGB and component video. ...


With the release of the next series (SCPH-500x), the numbers moved back into sync. A number of changes were made to the unit internally (CD drive relocated, shielding simplified, PSU wiring simplified) and the RCA jacks and RFU power connectors were removed from the rear panel. This series also contained the SCPH-550x and SCPH-555x units, but these appear to have been bundle changes rather than actual hardware revisions.


These were followed by the SCPH-700x and SCHP-750x series—they are externally identical to the SCPH-500x machines, but have internal changes made to reduce manufacturing costs (for example, the system RAM went from 4 chips to 1, and the CD controller went from 3 chips to 1).


The final revision to the original PlayStation was the SCPH-900x series—these had the same hardware as the SCPH-750x machines with the exception of the removal of the parallel port and a slight reduction in the size of the PCB. The removal of the parallel port was probably partly because no official add-on had ever been released for it, and partly because it was being used to connect cheat cartridges that could be used to defeat the copy prevention. Copy prevention, also known as copy protection, is any technical measure designed to prevent duplication of information. ...


The PS one was based on substantially the same hardware as the SCPH-750x and 900x, but had the serial port removed, the controller / memory card ports moved to the main PCB and the power supply replaced with a DC-DC converter that was also on the main PCB.


With the early units, many gamers experienced skipping full-motion video or dreaded physical "ticking" noises coming from their PlayStations. The problem appears to have come from poorly placed vents leading to overheating in some environments—the plastic moldings inside the console would warp very slightly and create knock-on effects with the laser assembly. The solution was to ensure the console was sat on a surface which dissipated heat efficiently in a well vented area, or raise the unit up slightly by propping something at its edges. A common fix for already affected consoles was to turn the PlayStation sideways or upside-down (thereby using gravity to cancel the effects of the warped interior) although some gamers smacked the lid of the PlayStation to make a game load or work.


Sony then released a version dubbed "Dual Shock", which included a controller with 2 analog sticks and a built in force-feedback feature. An analog stick from the GameCube game controller An analog stick, often mistakenly referred to as a joystick, is an input device for a controller, often a game controller, that is used for two-dimensional input. ...


Another version that was colored blue (as opposed to regular console units that were grey in color) was available to game developers and select press. Later versions of this were colored green—on a technical level, these units were almost identical to the retail units, but had a different CD controller in them that did not require the region code found on all pressed disks, since they were intended to be used with CD-R media for debugging. This also allowed the use of discs from different regions, but this was not officially supported; different debug stations existed for each region. The two different color cases were not cosmetic—the original blue debug station (DTL-H100x, DTL-H110x) contained "Revision B" silicon, the same as the early retail units (these units had silicon errata that needed software workarounds), the green units (DTL-H120x) had Rev. C hardware. As part of the required tests, the user had to test the title on both. Contrary to popular belief, the RAM was the same as the retail units at 2 MB. The firmware was nearly identical—the only significant change was that debug printf()s got sent to the serial port if the title didn't open it for communications—this used a DTL-H3050 serial cable (the same as the one used for the Yaroze).


A white version was also produced that had the ability to play VCDs—this was only sold in Asia, since that format never really caught on anywhere else. From a developer perspective, the white PSX could be treated exactly like any other NTSC:J PlayStation. VCD can stand for: Video CD Voice command device Value Change Dump (IEEE 1364 Verilog) Value-Centered Design This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The PS1 with a model number of SCPH-1001 has been reported to be a very good sounding compact disc player rivaling audiophile CD players from high end audio manufacturers.[12] CD, DVD and SACD player A Compact Disc player (often written as compact disc player), or CD player, is an electronic device which plays audio Compact Discs. ... An audiophile, from Latin audire[1] to hear and Greek philos[2] loving, can be generally defined as a person dedicated to achieving high fidelity in the recording and playback of music . ... High end audio refers to audio equipment that is created to be the best, regardless of what it might turn out to cost in terms of price. ...


Hacks

A number of these units appeared on the secondary market and were popular because they would run games from any region and CD-R copies, which tended to result in them commanding high prices. All the blue units tend to have CD problems, but the DTL-H110x units (with an external PSU block) are significantly more reliable than the original DTL-H100x ones.


"Chipped" consoles

The installation of a modchip allowed the PlayStation's capabilities to be expanded, and several options were made available. By the end of the system's life cycle almost anyone with minimal soldering experience was able to realize the modification of the console. Such a modification allowed the playing of games from other regions, such as PAL titles on a NTSC console, or allowed the ability to play copies of original games without restriction. Modchips allow the playing of games recorded on a regular CD-R. This created a wave of games developed without official approval using free GNU compiler tools, as well as the reproduction of original discs. With the introduction of such devices the console was very attractive to programmers and illegal copiers alike. Xenium Mod Chip attached to an Xbox. ... For other uses, see PAL (disambiguation). ... NTSC is the analog television system in use in the United States, Canada, Japan, Mexico, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and some other countries (see map). ... Xenium Mod Chip attached to an Xbox. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a computer operating system composed entirely of free software. ... A diagram of the operation of a typical multi-language, multi-target compiler. ...


Anyone seeking to create copies of games that would work correctly faced several issues at the time, as the discs that were produced by Sony were designed to be difficult to copy — and impossible to copy on recordable media. Discs were manufactured with a black-colored plastic, transparent only to the infrared radiation used by the CD-ROM drive's laser. This was found to offer little protection. Additionally, the discs were mastered with a specific wobble in the lead-in area. This wobble encodes a four-character sequence which is checked by the CD-ROM drive's controller chip. The drive will only accept the disc if the code is correct. This string varies depending on the region of the disk—"SCEI" for NTSC:J machines, "SCEA" for NTSC:U/C machines, "SCEE" for PAL machines and "SCEW" for the Net Yaroze. Since the tracking pattern is pressed into the disc at the time of manufacture, this cannot be reproduced on a CD-R recorder. Some companies (notably Datel) did manage to produce discs that booted on unmodified retail units, but this required special equipment and can only be done with "pressed" discs. However, inexpensive modchips were created that simply injected the code to the appropriate connections to the controller chip, which provided an easy way of bypassing these measures. The other issue is that most PC drives used Mode 1 or Mode 2/Form 1 (2048 bytes/sector) and the PSX uses a mixed-mode format with most data in Mode 2/Form 1 and streaming audio/video data in Mode 2/Form 2, which most CD-R drives at the time could not handle well. Newer drives were able to correctly handle these variations. Datel (previously Datel Electronics) produced a wide range of hardware and peripherals for home computers in the 1980s, for example replacement keyboards for the ZX Spectrum, the PlusD disk interface (originally designed and sold by Miles Gordon Technology) and the Action Replay cartridge. ...


The creation and mass-production of these inexpensive modchips, coupled with their ease of installation, marked the beginning of widespread console videogame copyright infringement. Coincidentally, CD-ROM burners were made available around this time. Prior to the PlayStation, the reproduction of copyrighted material for gaming consoles was restricted to either enthusiasts with exceptional technical ability, or others that had access to CD manufacturers. With this console, amateurs could replicate anything Sony was producing for a mere fraction of the MSRP. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... MSRP stands for Manufacturers Suggested Retail Price. Under earlier U.S. state Fair Trade statutes, the manufacturer was able to impose a fixed price for items. ...


Net Yaroze

A version of the PlayStation called the Net Yaroze was also produced. It was more expensive than the original PlayStation, colored black instead of the usual gray, and most importantly, came with tools and instructions that allowed a user to be able to program PlayStation games and applications without the need for a full developer suite, which cost many times the amount of a PlayStation and was only available to approved video game developers. Naturally, the Net Yaroze lacked many of the features the full developer suite provided. Programmers were also limited by the 2 MB of total game space that Net Yaroze allowed. That means the entire game had to be crammed into the 2 MB of system RAM. The user couldn't officially make actual game discs. The amount of space may seem small, but games like Ridge Racer ran entirely from the system RAM (except for the streamed music tracks). It was unique in that it was the only officially retailed Sony PlayStation with no regional lockout; it would play games from any territory. The Net Yaroze is a development kit for the PlayStation video game console. ... A video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games. ... The Net Yaroze is a development kit for the PlayStation video game console. ... Regional lockout is the programming practice, code, chip, or physical barrier used to prevent the playing of media designed for a device from the country where it is marketed on the version of the same device marketed in another country. ...

PS one with LCD screen and a DualShock controller
PS one with LCD screen and a DualShock controller

PSone console with LCD display Taken by PiaCarrot in Mar 18, 2005. ... PSone console with LCD display Taken by PiaCarrot in Mar 18, 2005. ... LCD redirects here. ... The DualShock (officially DUALSHOCK and occasionally referred to as Dual Shock) is the standard game controller available for the PlayStation and PlayStation 2 video game consoles. ...

PS one

The PS one (also PSone, PSOne, or PS1), launched in 2000, is Sony's smaller (and redesigned) version of its PlayStation video game console. The PS one is about one-third smaller than the original PlayStation (38mm × 193 mm × 144 mm versus 45 mm × 260 mm × 185 mm). It was released in July 7, 2000,[13] and went on to outsell all other consoles—including Sony's own brand-new PlayStation 2—throughout the remainder of the year. Sony also released a small LCD screen and an adaptor to power the unit for use in cars. The PS one is fully compatible with all PlayStation software. The PlayStation is now officially abbreviated as the "PS1" or "PS one." There were three differences between the "PS one" and the original, the first one being cosmetic change to the console, the second one was the home menu's Graphical User Interface, and the third being added protection against the mod-chip by changing the internal layout and making previous-generation mod-chip devices unusable. The PS one also lacks the original PlayStation's serial port, which allowed multiple consoles to be hooked up for multi-TV multiplayer. The serial port could also be used for an external mod-chip, which may have been why it was removed,[citation needed] although size-constraints may also be to blame. Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Game console redirects here. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... PS2 redirects here. ... LCD redirects here. ... GUI redirects here. ... A modchip is a device used to play import games and/or circumvent the digital rights management of many popular game consoles, including the Xbox and PlayStation. ... A modchip is a device used to play import games and/or circumvent the digital rights management of many popular game consoles, including the Xbox and PlayStation. ... A modchip is a device used to play import games and/or circumvent the digital rights management of many popular game consoles, including the Xbox and PlayStation. ...


Summary of PlayStation models

The last digit of the PlayStation model number denotes the region in which it was sold:

  • 0 is Japan (Japanese boot ROM, NTSC:J region, NTSC Video, 100V PSU)
  • 1 is USA/Canada (English boot ROM, NTSC:U/C region, NTSC Video, 110V PSU)
  • 2 is Europe/PAL (English boot ROM, PAL region, PAL Video, 220V PSU)
  • 3 is Asia (Japanese boot ROM, NTSC:J region, NTSC video, 220V PSU)

Consumer models

Model: Case: BIOS: Hardware: Region: A/V Direct Out: Parallel Port: Serial Port: Sound Scope: Notes:
SCPH-1000 Original (Grey) Unknown (09/22/94) Rev. A NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. S-Video direct out.
SCPH-1001 Original (Grey) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. B NTSC-U/C Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Based on SCPH-3000 series.
SCPH-1002 Original (Grey) 2.0 (05/10/95) Rev. B PAL Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Based on SCPH-3000 series.
SCPH-1002 Original (Grey) 2.1 (07/17/95) Rev. B PAL Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Based on SCPH-3000 series.
SCPH-1002 Original (Grey) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. B PAL Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Based on SCPH-3000 series.
SCPH-3000 Original (Grey) 1.1 (01/22/95) Rev. B NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive.
SCPH-3500 Original (Grey) 2.1 (07/17/95) Rev. B NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No
SCPH-5000 Original (Grey) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No CD-ROM drive re-located on right side of CD bay. A/V direct out and RFU power connector removed. Model numbers synchronized worldwide.
SCPH-5001 Original (Grey) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-U/C No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5002 Original (Grey) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C PAL No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5003 Original (Grey) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5500 Original (Grey) 3.0 (09/09/96) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5501 Original (Grey) 3.0 (11/18/96) Rev. C NTSC-U/C No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5502 Original (Grey) 3.0 (01/06/97) Rev. C PAL No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5503 Original (Grey) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No
SCPH-5552 Original (Grey) 3.0 (01/06/97) Rev. C PAL No Yes Yes No A very rare Men in Black promotional model exists with a black case and the films logo on the CD lid.
SCPH-5903 Original (White) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Only model capable of playing Video CD movies.
SCPH-7000 Original (Grey) 4.0 (08/18/97) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No DualShock now standard. Introduction of Sound Scope. Available in midnight blue as promotional item to celebrate the 10 millionth PlayStation sold.
SCPH-7001 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C NTSC-U/C No Yes Yes No DualShock now standard. Introduction of Sound Scope. Available in midnight blue as promotional item to celebrate the 10 millionth PlayStation sold.
SCPH-7002 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C PAL No Yes Yes No DualShock now standard. Available in midnight blue as promotional item to celebrate the 10 millionth PlayStation sold.
SCPH-7003 Original (Grey) 3.0 (11/18/96) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No
SCPH-7500 Original (Grey) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No
SCPH-7501 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C NTSC-U/C No Yes Yes No
SCPH-7502 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C PAL No Yes Yes No
SCPH-7503 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C NTSC-J No Yes Yes No
SCPH-9000 Original (Grey) 4.0 (08/18/97) Rev. C NTSC-J No No Yes Yes High quality CD-ROM drive. Introduction of Sound Scope. Parallel port removed.
SCPH-9001 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C NTSC-U/C No No Yes Yes High quality CD-ROM drive. Parallel port removed.
SCPH-9002 Original (Grey) 4.1 (12/16/97) Rev. C PAL No No Yes Yes High quality CD-ROM drive. Parallel port removed.
SCPH-9003 Original (Grey) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-J No No Yes Yes High quality CD-ROM drive. Parallel port removed.
SCPH-100 PS one (White) 4.3 (03/11/00) Rev. C NTSC-J No No No Yes Redesigned smaller case. Controller and memory card ports integrated onto motherboard. Serial port removed. Has external power supply.
SCPH-101 PS one (White) 4.5 (05/25/00) Rev. C NTSC-U/C No No No Yes Redesigned smaller case. Controller and memory card ports integrated onto motherboard. Serial port removed. Has external power supply.
SCPH-102 PS one (White) 4.4 (03/24/00) Rev. C PAL No No No Yes Redesigned smaller case. Controller and memory card ports integrated onto motherboard. Serial port removed. Has external power supply.
SCPH-102 PS one (White) 4.5 (05/25/00) Rev. C PAL No No No Yes Redesigned smaller case. Controller and memory card ports integrated onto motherboard. Serial port removed. Has external power supply.
SCPH-103 PS one (White) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. C NTSC-J No No No Yes Redesigned smaller case. Controller and memory card ports integrated onto motherboard. Serial port removed. Has external power supply.

The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... S-Video (also known as Y/C) is a baseband analog video format offering a higher quality signal than composite video, but a lower quality than RGB and component video. ... Men in Black is a 1997 science fiction comedy action film directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, starring Tommy Lee Jones, Will Smith and Vincent DOnofrio. ... VCD redirects here. ... The DualShock (officially DUALSHOCK and occasionally referred to as Dual Shock) is the standard game controller available for the PlayStation and PlayStation 2 video game consoles. ...

Specialty models

Model: Case: BIOS: Hardware: Region: A/V Direct Out: Parallel Port: Serial Port: Sound Scope: Notes:
DTL-H1000 Original (Blue) Unknown (09/22/94) Rev. A NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. S-Video direct out. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1000H Original (Blue) 1.1 (01/22/95) Rev. B NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1001 Original (Blue) 2.0 (05/07/95) Rev. B NTSC-U/C Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1001H Original (Blue) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. B NTSC-U/C Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1002 Original (Blue) 2.0 (05/10/95) Rev. B PAL Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1100 Original (Blue) 2.2 (03/06/96) Rev. B NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies. Has external power supply.
DTL-H1101 Original (Blue) 2.1 (07/17/95) Rev. B NTSC-U/C Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies. Has external power supply.
DTL-H1102 Original (Blue) 2.1 (07/17/95) Rev. B PAL Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies. Has external power supply.
DTL-H1200 Original (Green) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. C NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes Yes Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1201 Original (Green) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. C NTSC-U/C Yes Yes Yes Yes Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H1202 Original (Green) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. C PAL Yes Yes Yes Yes Debugger. Can play games from any region and CD-R copies.
DTL-H3000 Original (Black) Unknown (Unknown) Rev. B NTSC-J Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Net Yaroze hobbyist development system. Can play games from any region but not CD-R copies.
DTL-H3001 Original (Black) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. B NTSC-U/C Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Net Yaroze hobbyist development system. Can play games from any region but not CD-R copies.
DTL-H3002 Original (Black) 2.2 (12/04/95) Rev. B PAL Yes Yes Yes No Low quality CD-ROM drive. Net Yaroze hobbyist development system. Can play games from any region but not CD-R copies.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A debugger is a computer program that is used to test and debug other programs. ... The Net Yaroze is a development kit for the PlayStation video game console. ...

Successors

Sony's successor to the PlayStation is the PlayStation 2, which is backward compatible with its predecessor in that it can play almost every PlayStation game. This was done by embedding the most important parts of the PS one inside the PlayStation 2 design. Unlike emulators that run on a PC, the PlayStation 2 actually contains the original PlayStation processor, allowing games to run exactly as they do on the PlayStation. For PlayStation 2 games this processor, called the IOP, is used for input and output (memory cards, DVD drive, network, and hard drive). Like its predecessor, the PlayStation 2 is based on hardware developed by Sony themselves. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1465x1953, 110 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): PlayStation ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1465x1953, 110 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): PlayStation ... PS2 redirects here. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... PS2 redirects here. ... In technology (especially computing), backward compatibility has several related but differing meanings: A system is backward compatible if it is compatible with earlier versions of itself, or sometimes other earlier systems, particularly systems it intends to supplant. ... Four major types of memory cards (from left to right: CompactFlash, Memory Stick, Secure Digital, and xD. A memory card or flash memory card is a solid-state electronic flash memory data storage device used with digital cameras, handheld and Mobile computers, telephones, music players, video game consoles, and other... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


The third generation of the PlayStation is known as the PlayStation 3, or PS3, and was launched on November 11, 2006 in Japan, November 17, 2006 in North America, and March 23, 2007 in Europe. The PlayStation 3 is backward compatible with nearly all games that were originally made for PlayStation 1. In PAL territories and later shipments in North America and Japan, however, the PlayStation 3 lacks some of the backwards compatibility hardware and so supports significantly fewer PlayStation 2 games. However, the list of compatible games is being increased via software emulation. PS3 games will not be region-locked, but PlayStation 1 and 2 games still only play on a PS3 console from the same territory. The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see PAL (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... An emulator reproducing a console games playable atmosphere on a Windows computer. ...


The PlayStation Portable (officially PSP) is a handheld game console first released in late 2004. Despite the name, it is not compatible with PlayStation games; it only runs games developed specifically for the PSP on the UMD format. Nevertheless, at the PlayStation Briefing conference on March 15, 2006 in Japan, Sony revealed plans for PlayStation 1 games to be downloaded and playable on the PSP through emulation. Sony hopes to release nearly all PlayStation 1 games on a gradual basis;[14] however, as of late December 2006, a custom firmware release allows users to play PS1 image files converted into the PSP's EBOOT format. The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... A UMD The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is an optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on the PlayStation Portable. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Legacy

The success of the PlayStation is widely believed to have influenced the demise of the cartridge-based home console. While not the first system to utilize an optical disc format, it was the first success story, and ended up going head-to-head with the last major home console to rely on proprietary cartridges—the Nintendo 64. The Nintendo 64, often abbreviated as N64, is Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ...


Nintendo was very public about its skepticism toward using CDs and DVDs to store games, citing longer load times and durability issues. It was widely speculated that the company was even more concerned with copyright infringement, given its substantial reliance on licensing and exclusive titles for its revenue. How to obtain a amature radio licence differs from country to country. ...


The increasing complexity of games (in content, graphics, and sound) pushed cartridges to their storage limits and this fact began to turn off third party developers. Also, CDs were appealing to publishers due to the fact that they could be produced at a significantly lower cost and offered more flexibility (it was easy to change production to meet demand). In turn, they were able to pass the lower costs onto consumers. One major industry disadvantage of CDs was illegal copying due to the advent of CD burners and mod chips. However, this ironically became a selling point of the PlayStation. The PlayStation's production was discontinued on March 23, 2006.[11] is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Advertisement controversy

To celebrate the ten-year anniversary of the PlayStation in 2005, Sony Italy released an advertisement portraying a young man wearing a crown of thorns (the thorns being made of , , and symbols, the labels on the buttons of PlayStation controllers), on his head. The ad was captioned with "Dieci anni di passione" (in English, this translates to "Ten years of passion"). The ad, assumed to be a takeoff of Mel Gibson's 2004 movie The Passion of the Christ, was met with outrage from the Vatican. Sony apologized and removed the advertisement. [15] Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ... A controller is a person or device that exercises or attempts to exercise control or influence. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson, AO (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, historian, Academy Award-winning director, producer and screenwriter. ... This article is about the film. ...


Quality of construction

The first batch of PlayStations used a KSM-440AAM laser unit whose case and all movable parts were completely made out of plastic. Over time, friction caused the plastic tray to wear out—usually unevenly. The placement of the laser unit close to the power supply accelerated wear because of the additional heat, which made the plastic even more vulnerable to friction. Eventually, the tray would become so worn that the laser no longer pointed directly at the CD and games would no longer load. Sony eventually fixed the problem by making the tray out of die-cast metal and placing the laser unit farther away from the power supply on later models of the PlayStation. For other uses, see Laser (disambiguation). ... Casting is a process by which a material is introduced into a mold while it is liquid, allowed to solidify in the shape inside the mold, and then removed producing a fabricated object, part, or casing. ...


A common, but temporary, fix to the laser problem was to tip the PlayStation on its side. This made the tray "hang" perpendicular to the CD, allowing the PlayStation to read the disc. Unfortunately, friction would continue to wear down the plastic tray and, eventually, the PlayStation would not read the disc.[citation needed]


Some units, particularly the early 100x models, would be unable to play FMV or music correctly, resulting in skipping or freezing. In more extreme cases the PlayStation would only work correctly when used upside down. Screenshot of an FMV from Final Fantasy VIII using Bink Video. ...


Technical specifications

Central processing unit
An early PlayStation motherboard
An early PlayStation motherboard

MIPS R3000A-compatible (R3051) 32bit RISC chip running at 40 MHz Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x731, 142 KB) Summary Sony PlayStation mainboard. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x731, 142 KB) Summary Sony PlayStation mainboard. ... A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. ... A MIPS R4400 microprocessor made by Toshiba. ... Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), is a microprocessor CPU design philosophy that favors a smaller and simpler set of instructions that all take about the same amount of time to execute. ... A megahertz (MHz) is one million (106) hertz, a measure of frequency. ...


The chip is manufactured by LSI Logic Corp. with technology licensed from SGI. The chip also contains the Geometry Transformation Engine and the Data Decompression Engine. LSI Logic is a technology company in Milpitas, California. ... Silicon Graphics, Inc. ...


Features:

Geometry transformation engine

This engine is inside the main CPU chip. It gives it additional (vector-)math instructions used for the 3D graphics. Million instructions per second (MIPS) is a measure of a computers processor speed. ... Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower cutoff frequencies of, for example, a filter, a communication channel, or a signal spectrum, and is typically measured in hertz. ... A megabit per second (Mbps or Mbit/s) is a unit of data transmission equal to 1,000 kilobits per second or 1,000,000 bits per second. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1,000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to either 1,000 bytes or 1,024 bytes (210), depending on context. ... Diagram of a CPU memory cache A CPU cache is a cache used by the central processing unit of a computer to reduce the average time to access memory. ... Static random access memory (SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory. ... CPU redirects here. ... The rewrite of this article is being devised at Talk:3D computer graphics/Temp. ...


Features:

  • Operating performance of 66 MIPS
  • 360,000 flat-shaded polygons per second
  • 180,000 texture mapped and light-sourced polygons per second

Sony originally gave the polygon count as: Million instructions per second (MIPS) is a measure of a computers processor speed. ... A polygon (from the Greek poly, for many, and gonos, for angle) is a closed planar path composed of a finite number of sequential straight line segments. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ...

  • 1.5 million flat-shaded polygons per second;
  • 500,000 texture mapped and light-sourced polygons per second.

These figures were given as a ballpark figure for performance under optimal circumstances, and so are unrealistic under normal usage. A polygon (from the Greek poly, for many, and gonos, for angle) is a closed planar path composed of a finite number of sequential straight line segments. ...

Data decompression engine

This engine is also inside the main CPU. It is responsible for decompressing images and video. Documented device mode is to read three RLE-encoded 16×16 macroblocks, run IDCT and assemble a single 16×16 RGB macroblock. Output data may be transferred directly to GPU via DMA. It is possible to overwrite IDCT matrix and some additional parameters, however MDEC internal instruction set was never documented. Run-length encoding (RLE) is a very simple form of data compression in which runs of data (that is, sequences in which the same data value occurs in many consecutive data elements) are stored as a single data value and count, rather than as the original run. ... iDCT is an acronym for inverse Discrete Cosine Transform, a transformation step commonly used in software that works with different multimedia formats such as MP3, Vorbis, MPEG or JPEG. One-dimensional iDCT can be thought of as moving a digitized signal from the frequency domain into the time domain, but... REDIRECT RGB color model ... Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of modern computers that allows certain hardware subsystems within the computer to access system memory for reading and/or writing independently of the central processing unit. ... iDCT is an acronym for inverse Discrete Cosine Transform, a transformation step commonly used in software that works with different multimedia formats such as MP3, Vorbis, MPEG or JPEG. One-dimensional iDCT can be thought of as moving a digitized signal from the frequency domain into the time domain, but...


Features:

  • Compatible with MJPEG and H.261 files
  • Operating Performance of 80 MIPS
  • Directly connected to CPU Bus
Graphics processing unit

This chip is separate to the CPU and handles all the 2D graphics processing, which includes the transformed 3D polygons. Motion JPEG (M-JPEG) is an informal name for multimedia formats where each video frame or interlaced field of a digital video sequence is separately compressed as a JPEG image. ... H.261 is an 1990 ITU video coding standard originally designed for transmission over ISDN lines on which data rates are multiples of 64 kbit/s. ... Million instructions per second (MIPS) is a measure of a computers processor speed. ...


Features:

Sound processing unit

Features: The framebuffer is a part of RAM in a computer allocated to hold the graphics information for one frame or picture. ... In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional image or animation that is integrated into a larger scene. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... Flat shading is lighting technique used in 3D computer graphics. ... Gouraud shaded sphere - note the inaccuracies towards the edges of the polygons. ... Spherical texture mapping Texture mapping is a method, pioneered by Edwin Catmull, of adding detail, surface texture, or colour to a computer-generated graphic or 3D model. ...

Memory
CD-ROM drive

Features: Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a modulation technique. ... A kilohertz (kHz) is a unit of frequency equal to 1,000 hertz (1,000 cycles per second). ... The sampling frequency or sampling rate defines the number of samples per second taken from a continuous signal to make a discrete signal. ... RAM redirects here. ... This article is about a unit of data measurement. ... Depending on the context in which it is used, the word kilobyte may mean either 1,000 or 1,024 bytes. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Rom is also the name of a toy and comic book character Rom (Spaceknight). ... Memory cards are solid-state electronic flash memory data storage devices used with digital cameras, handheld and laptop computers, phones, music players, video game consoles and other electronics. ... EEPROM (also written E2PROM and pronounced e-e-prom or simply e-squared), which stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory, is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices to store small amounts of data that must be saved when power is removed...

  • 2x, with a maximum data throughput of 300 kB/s
  • XA Mode 2 Compliant
  • CD-DA (CD-Digital Audio)

Rainbow Books: Red Book (CD Digital Audio), Yellow Book (CD-ROM and CD-ROM XA), Orange Book (CD_R and CD-RW), White Book (Video CD), Blue Book (Enhanced Music CD, CD+G and CD-Plus), Beige Book (Photo CD), Green Book (CD-i). ...

References

  1. ^ Business Development/Japan. Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  2. ^ a b c Business Development/North America. Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  3. ^ a b Business Development/Europe. Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. Retrieved on 2007-12-19.
  4. ^ a b SCEE 1995—Key Facts and Figures. Sony Computer Entertainment Europe. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  5. ^ a b PlayStation Cumulative Production Shipments of Hardware. Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  6. ^ "Gran Turismo" Series Software Title List. Polyphony Digital (September 2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-03.
  7. ^ http://www.scei.co.jp/corporate/release/pdf/051130e.pdf
  8. ^ PlayStation 2 Timeline. GameSpy. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  9. ^ Cumulative Software Titles. Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-12-10.
  10. ^ Cumulative Production Shipments of Software Titles. Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. (2007-03-31). Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  11. ^ a b Sinclair, Brendan (2006-03-24). Sony stops making original PS. News at GameSpot. Retrieved on 2008-03-28.
  12. ^ Krakow, Gary (2006-11-10). A second life for first PlayStation. MSNBC.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  13. ^ SCEE 2000—Key Facts and Figures. Sony Computer Entertainment Europe. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  14. ^ Gantayat, Anoop (2006-03-15). Sony Outlines PSP Future. IGN.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  15. ^ [1] (Italian) La Repubblica, Retrieved on 2008-02-28

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... GameSpy, also known as GameSpy Industries, is a division of IGN Entertainment, which operates a network of game Web sites and provides online video game-related services and software. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... La Repubblica (meaning: The Republic) is an Italian daily newspaper. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Sony PlayStation Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... A Playstation Demonstration Disc most commonly referred as a demo disc is designed to showcase upcoming or released games on the console most commonly in the forms of playable and movie demonstrations. ... A PlayStation Sound Format (PSF) file is a sound data file (akin to SPC from the Super NES) ripped directly from a Sony PlayStation video game. ... Runix (RuniX or PSX/Linux) is a free operating system and development toolkit for use with the Playstation 1 (PSX) console. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
PlayStation
The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Game console redirects here. ... PS2 redirects here. ... PSX is the name of a Sony media center, digital video recorder, and DVD recorder based on the PlayStation 2 video game console. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... The PocketStation is a miniature game console created by Sony as a peripheral for the PlayStation. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... The PSP Slim & Lite (the name it is packaged as in the PAL territories)[2][3] is a handheld game console released and manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... An arcade system board is a standardized printed circuit board or group of printed circuit boards that are used as the basis for multiple arcade games with very similar hardware requirements. ... The Namco System 11 is an arcade system board released by Namco in 1994. ... The Namco System 246 is a development of the Sony Playstation 2 technology as a basis for an arcade system board. ... This is a list of games for the Sony PlayStation video game system, organized alphabetically by name. ... This is a list of about 1700 games for the Sony PlayStation 2 video game system, both released and unreleased, organized alphabetically by name. ... This is a list of the released and upcoming games for the Sony PlayStation 3 video game console, organized alphabetically by name. ... This is a list of games on the Sony PlayStation Portable handheld game console, both released and in development. ... This is a list of PlayStation Network games for the Sony PlayStation 3 and PlayStation Portable video game systems, downloaded via the PS3. ... These are PlayStation, PlayStation 2, and PlayStation Portable games that have been made Greatest Hits games in the US by Sony. ... The Platinum Range is a Sony PlayStation budget range in the PAL regions, including the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and continental Europe. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... Official logo for PlayStation Network PlayStation Network, often abbreviated to PSN in the gaming community, is Sonys free online service provided for use with their PlayStation 3 [1] and PlayStation Portable video game consoles. ... PlayStation Store (PS Store) is Sonys PlayStation Network online shopping service provided for use with either its PlayStation 3 video game console or a Personal Computer. ... The PlayStation Home logo Home (trademarked as Homeâ„¢ and known more practically as PlayStation Home) is a community-based service for the PlayStation Network which has been in development since early 2007. ... Central Station logo Central Station is the main portal for PAL regions where people can view new game releases, change account details and enter online events for the PlayStation 2 and PSP consoles. ... Sonys Analog Joystick (SCPH-1110) The PlayStation Analog Joystick (SCPH-1110) is Sonys first analog controller for the PlayStation, and is the precursor to the PlayStation Dual Analog Controller. ... The PlayStation Dual Analog Controller (SCPH-1150 in Japan, SCPH-1180 in the United States and SCPH-1180e in Europe) is Sonys first attempt at a handheld analog controller for the PlayStation, and the predecessor to the DualShock. ... The DualShock (officially DUALSHOCK and occasionally referred to as Dual Shock) is the standard game controller available for the PlayStation and PlayStation 2 video game consoles. ... Many accessories enhance the use and features of Sonys PlayStation 3 game system and games. ... The EyeToy is a color digital camera device, similar to a webcam, for the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable. ... The PlayStation Eye (trademarked PLAYSTATION Eye) is a digital camera device for the PlayStation 3 video game console, and the successor to the EyeToy for the PlayStation 2 (and may end up being called the Eye Toy 2 by young users). ... The PSP Camera (model PSP-300) is a digital camera peripheral by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation Portable handheld video game system. ... The Net Yaroze is a development kit for the PlayStation video game console. ... Linux for PlayStation 2 is a kit released by Sony Computer Entertainment in 2002 that allows the PlayStation 2 console to be used as a personal computer. ... Ubuntu Linux installed on a PS3 The PlayStation 3 is capable of running Linux operating systems if installed on the console hard disk. ... Play TV (formerly known as Canal 21 and Rede 21) is a Brazilian youth-oriented terrestrial television network, owned by Grupo Bandeirantes. ... PlayStation 3 System Software (or Firmware) is the upgradeable software and operating system of the PlayStation 3. ... PlayStation Portable System Software is the official, updateable firmware for the PlayStation Portable. ... XMB on a PSX PSX XMB on a Sony BRAVIA TV The XrossMediaBar (pronounced CrossMediaBar and officially abbreviated as XMB) is an award-winning[1] graphical user interface developed by Sony. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Official U.S. PlayStation Magazine (often abbreviated to OPM) is a U.S.-based video game magazine published by Ziff Davis Media focusing on PlayStation culture, including gaming on the original PlayStation, the PlayStation 2, the PlayStation 3, and the Sony PSP. Each issue comes with a demo disc (initially... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Sony α (Greek letter alpha) is a digital SLR camera system introduced on June 5, 2006[1]. It utilizes and expands upon Konica Minolta camera technologies, including the Minolta AF SLR lens mount, whose assets were acquired by Sony after the end of Minoltas camera operations in early 2006. ... Sony Betacam-SP VTP BVW-65 Betacam and VHS size comparison Betacam SP L (top), Betacam SP S (left), VHS (right) The early form of Betacam tapes are interchangeable with Betamax, though the recordings are not. ... Blu-ray Disc (also known as Blu-ray or BD) is an optical disc storage media format. ... BRAVIA is a Sony brand used to market its high-definition LCD televisions as well as front and rear projection TVs. ... CD redirects here. ... Sony Cyber-shot logo Cyber-shot is a line of digital cameras made by Sony. ... Digital audio tape can also refer to a compact cassette with digital storage. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Sony DV Handycam Handycam is a popular Sony brand used to market its Camcorder. ... Betacam and VHS size comparison Betacam SP L, Betacam SP S, VHS Betacam is a family of half-inch professional videotape formats developed by Sony from 1982 onwards. ... LocationFree Player is an internet-based multifunctional device used to stream DVDs, CATV, and PVR content over the internet. ... This article is about Sonys proprietary memory format. ... See also IBMs VM operating system family, where minidisk refers to a logical unit of storage. ... A MiniDV tape Digital Video (DV) is a video format launched in 1996, and, in its smaller tape form factor MiniDV, has since become one of the standards for consumer and semiprofessional video production. ... The mylo Personal Communicator is a device created and marketed by Sony for portable instant messaging and other internet-based communications, browsing internet web sites (using Opera) and playback and sharing of media files. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... TOSLINK connector (JIS F05) 75 ohm coaxial cable with BNC-to-RCA adapter. ... SXRD (Silicon X-tal Reflective Display) is Sonys proprietary variation of liquid crystal on silicon, a technology used mainly in projection televisions. ... VAIO logo VAIO, an acronym for Video Audio Integrated Operation, is a sub-brand for many of Sonys computer products. ... A Video8 cassette The 8mm video format refers informally to three related videocassette formats for the NTSC and PAL/SECAM television systems. ... Sony Walkman Official Logo (2000 — present) Various products of the Walkman line Walkman is a popular Sony brand used to market its portable audio and video players. ... Sony Walkman Official Logo (2000 — present) Various products of the Walkman line Walkman is a popular Sony brand used to market its portable audio and video players. ... XDCAM Disc XDCAM is an optical disk based professional video system introduced by Sony in 2003. ... The AIBO ERS-7 resembles a small dog AIBO (Artificial Intelligence roBOt, homonymous with companion in Japanese) is one of several types of robotic pets designed and manufactured by Sony; there have been several different models since their introduction in 1999. ... Sonys Betamax is the 12. ... SONY CLIÉ Logo The CLIÉ N760C with its included headphones and the Audio Player program. ... Lissa was a range of HiFi components by Sony, based on the i. ... Mavica FD5, the first digital model. ... Sony NEWS workstation: 2x 68030 @ 25mhz, 1280x1024 256-color display The Sony NEWS was a series of BSD-based Unix workstations sold during the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Qualia was a boutique brand of high-end electronics, created by Sony to showcase their best technology. ... The TR-55 The TR-55, released in 1955, was Sonys first transistor radio, and the first to be made in Japan. ... Picture of a Dell-branded Sony Trinitron, still bearing the Trinitron logo. ... Sony U-matic VTR BVU-800 A U-matic tape U-matic is the name of a videocassette format developed by Sony in 1969. ... WEGA (pronounced vega) was a pioneering German radio manufacturer, manufacturing some of Germanys earliest radio sets. ... Corporate information for the Sony Corporation. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... hiya i am trying to find out about sony the electronic company so if you know can you jot down the answers to these questions? when did the company start? how did it start? is it uk,europeon or international company? do they sell from shops,catalogs or internet etc... Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Sony Financial Holdings Inc. ... Sony Music Entertainment is a major global record label controlled by the Sony Corporation. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... The TriStar Pictures logo from 1993 to the present TriStar redirects here. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Aiwa was a Japanese consumer electronics company, founded in 1951. ... For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products Sony Ericsson is a joint venture established in 2001 by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to make mobile phones. ... Bertelsmann is a transnational media corporation founded in 1835, based in G tersloh, Germany. ... Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC is one of the worlds largest music publishing firms. ... S-LCD Corporation (Japanese:エス・エルシーディー) is an electronic company of Japan and Korea. ... ST Liquid Crystal Display Corporation (STLCD) is a 50:50 joint venture between Sony Corporation and Toyota Industries Corporation, and was established in 1997. ... Sony NEC Optiarc Inc is a 55:45 (Sony 55%, NEC 45%) joint venture of Sony and NEC, and was established in April 2006. ... Mobile payment means using your cell phone to pay. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Masaru Ibuka, co-founder of Sony Masaru Ibuka (井深大 Ibuka Masaru, April 11, 1908 in Nikkō City, Japan – December 19, 1997 in Tokyo) was a Japanese electronics industrialist. ... Nobuyuki Idei (出井伸之, Idei Nobuyuki; born November 22, 1937) was the Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation. ... Ken Kutaragi (久夛良木 健 Kutaragi Ken, born August 8, 1950) former Chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Computer Entertainment (SCEI), the video game division of Sony Corporation until his retirement. ... In January of 2004 Michael Lynton stepped up as CEO (Chief Executive Officer) of Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE). ... Akio Morita on the cover of his autobiography Made in Japan Akio Morita (盛田昭夫 Morita Akio, January 26, 1921 in Nagoya, Japan – October 3, 1999 in Tokyo) was a co-founder of Sony Corporation. ... Norio Ohga (大賀典雄, ÅŒga Norio, otherwise spelt Norio Oga, born January 29, 1930) is a Japanese electronics businessman who originally trained as an opera singer. ... Amy Pascal (born 1958) is Chairman of Sony Pictures Entertainment Motion Picture Group and Co-Chairman of Sony Pictures Entertainment. ... Sir Howard Stringer Sir Howard Stringer (born 1942) is a British-American businessman and Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation, before that he was CEO of the Sony Corporation of America. ... Toro (井上トロ), also known as the Sony Cat, is a fictional character created by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... This is a list of video game consoles by the era they appeared in. ... The first generation of video game consoles lasted from 1972 until 1977. ... The Magnavox Odyssey was the worlds first commercially sold video game console. ... Philips Videopac G7000 shown playing Pickaxe Pete The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, and also by many other names, was a video game console released in 1978. ... For other uses, see Pong (disambiguation). ... The Telstar is a video game console produced by Coleco which first went on sale in 1976. ... The second generation of video game consoles lasted from 1976 until 1984. ... The Fairchild Channel F is the worlds second cartridge-based video game console, after the Magnavox Odyssey. ... The Atari 2600, released in October 1977, is the video game console credited with popularizing the use of microprocessor based hardware and cartridges containing game code, instead of having non-microprocessor dedicated hardware with all games built in. ... The VC 4000 is an early 8-bit cartridge-based game console released in Germany in 1978 by Interton. ... Magnavox Odyssey² video game console The Magnavox Odyssey², known in Europe as the Philips Videopac G7000, in Brazil as the Philips Odyssey, in the United States as the Magnavox Odyssey² and the Philips Odyssey², and also by many other names, is a video game console released in 1978. ... The Intellivision is a video game console released by Mattel in 1979. ... Emerson Arcadia 2001, intended as a portable game console, the Arcadia 2001 was released by Emerson Radio Corp in mid-1982. ... The Atari 5200 SuperSystem, or simply Atari 5200, is a video game console that was introduced in 1982 by Atari as a replacement for the famous Atari 2600. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Vectrex is an 8-bit video game console developed by General Consumer Electric (GCE) and later bought by Milton Bradley Company. ... The SG-1000 ), which stands for Sega Game 1000, is a cartridge-based video game console manufactured by Sega. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The Sega Master System ) or SMS for short (1986 - 2000), is an 8-bit cartridge-based video game console that was manufactured by Sega. ... The Atari 7800 is a video game console released by Atari in June 1986 (a test market release occurred two years earlier). ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... For information on the Japanese version of this console, see PC Engine The TurboGrafx 16 is a video game console released by NEC in 1989, for the North American market. ... The Sega Mega Drive ) is a video game console released by Sega in Japan in 1988, North America in 1989, and the PAL region in 1990. ... CD-i or Compact Disc Interactive is the name of an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V. CD-i also refers to the multimedia Compact Disc standard utilized by the CD-i console, also known as Green Book, which was co-developed by... Neo-Geo is the name of a cartridge-based arcade and home video game system released in 1990 by Japanese game company SNK. The system offered comparatively colorful 2D graphics and high-quality sound. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES (also called SNES and Super Nintendo) was a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Europe, Australasia, and Brazil between 1990 and 1993. ... In the history of computer and video games, the 32-bit / 64-bit /3D era was the fifth generation of video game consoles. ... For other uses, see 3DO. Crash n Burn on the 3DO, the systems first bundled title. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Atari Jaguar is a video game console that was released in November 1993 to rival the Mega Drive/Genesis and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as a powerful next generation platform. ... The Sega Saturn ) is a 32-bit video game console, first released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America and July 8, 1995 in Europe. ... The PC-FX console The PC-FX was NECs 32-bit sequel to its PC Engine (US:TurboGrafx 16). ... The Nintendo 64, often abbreviated as N64, is Nintendos third home video game console for the international market. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see Number of bits below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark, and Guppy during development) is Segas last video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... PS2 redirects here. ... The Xbox is a sixth generation era video game console produced by Microsoft Corporation. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... In the history of computer and video games, the seventh generation began on November 21, 2004 with the North American release of the Nintendo DS, followed by the PlayStation Portable on December 12, 2004. ... The PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[3] commonly abbreviated PS3) is the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment; successor to the PlayStation 2. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ...

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