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Encyclopedia > Plattenbau
Modernized Plattenbau in Rostock
Modernized Plattenbau in Rostock
Original East German Plattenbau like it was built in 1980
Original East German Plattenbau like it was built in 1980

Plattenbau is the German word for a building whose structure is constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs. The word is a compound of Platte (slab) and Bau (building). Although Plattenbau is often used synonymous with East Germany, the prefabricated construction method was used extensively in West Germany and elsewhere, particularly in public housing. (See Tower block) Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 181 KB) Neubaugebiet in Rostock (Evershagen) in verschiedenen Perspektiven eines Rundganges aus dem Jahre 2003 im zum größten Teil modernisiertem Zustand. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 181 KB) Neubaugebiet in Rostock (Evershagen) in verschiedenen Perspektiven eines Rundganges aus dem Jahre 2003 im zum größten Teil modernisiertem Zustand. ... Motto: Within your walls be concordance and public welfare Rostock (pronounced // from Polabian Roz toc, literally to flow apart) is the largest city in the north German state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 495 pixelsFull resolution (931 × 576 pixel, file size: 449 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 3 unsanierte DDR-Wohnblocks auf der Pörlitzer Höhe in Ilmenau (Kopernikusstraße). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 495 pixelsFull resolution (931 × 576 pixel, file size: 449 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 3 unsanierte DDR-Wohnblocks auf der Pörlitzer Höhe in Ilmenau (Kopernikusstraße). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... GDR redirects here. ... A local authority tower block in Cwmbrân, South Wales Public housing or project homes is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...


Prefabrication was pioneered in the Netherlands following World War I, based on construction methods developed in the United States. The first German use of Plattenbau construction is what is now known as the Splanemann-Siedlung in Berlin's Lichtenberg district, constructed in 1926-1930.[1] These two- and three-story apartment houses were assembled of locally cast slabs, inspired by the Dutch Betondorp in Watergraafsmeer, a suburb of Amsterdam. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Lichtenberg is a borough of Berlin, Germany. ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ...


In the former GDR, virtually all new residential buildings since the 1960s were built in this style, as it was a quick and relatively cheap way to solve the country's severe housing shortage. There were several common Plattenbau designs. The most common series was the P2, followed by the WBS 70. The designs were flexible and could be built as towers or rows of apartments of various heights. Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Alfa Romeo P2 iconic 1920s racing automobile Intel Pentium II 6th generation central processing unit Intel 80286 2nd generation processor architecture LNER Class P2 locomotive designed by Sir Nigel Gresley P2 biological confinement level P2 Former designation of Nix, a moon of Pluto P-2 Hawk, a bi-plane fighter...

West German Plattenbau in Munich-Neuperlach
West German Plattenbau in Munich-Neuperlach
French Plattenbau in Paris-Aubervilliers
French Plattenbau in Paris-Aubervilliers

There have been projects with low rise "Plattenbauten" such as the town of Bernau just north of Berlin. This town had an almost complete historic center of mainly wooden framed buildings within its preserved city walls. Most of these were torn down after 1975 and during the eighties to be replaced by 2-4 story buildings constructed of prefabricated concrete slabs. To fit in with the medieval church and the almost complete city wall, the houses used rather small design units and decreased in height the farther away they were from the Church and the nearer the came to the city wall. A similar project was the Nikolaiviertel around the historic Nikolai church in Berlin's old center. Though in the Nikolaiviertel the buildings were made to look more historic. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1504 × 1000 pixel, file size: 389 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1504 × 1000 pixel, file size: 389 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga[2]) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 599 pixel, file size: 117 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) fixed up and removed watermark Yonatanh 02:12, 12 February 2007 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 599 pixel, file size: 117 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) fixed up and removed watermark Yonatanh 02:12, 12 February 2007 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Bernau bei Berlin (English Bernau near Berlin) is a German city in the Barnim district. ... The Nikolaiviertel (German for Nicholas Quarter) is the reconstructed historical core of Berlin, Germany, founded in the 13th century. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Although Plattenbau apartments were considered highly desirable in the GDR, since reunification a combination of decreasing population, renovation of older buildings, and construction of modern alternative housing has lead to high vacancy rates, with some estimates placing the number of unoccupied units at around a million. Many Plattenbau apartments were built in giant settlements, often on the edge of cities (such as Marzahn and Hellersdorf in Berlin and Halle-Neustadt), making them inconveniently located. German reunification (German: ) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in English commonly called West Germany). The start of this reunification process is commonly referred to... Location of Marzahn in Berlin Marzahn is part of the borough Marzahn-Hellersdorf in Berlin. ... Berlin-Hellersdorf was a borough of East Berlin. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


While many Plattenbau apartments have been renovated to a high standard, some are being torn down, although a lack of funds means many are being left to become derelict.


Other countries

The term Plattenbau refers primarily to buildings in the former GDR. However, similar buildings were built in other Communist countries and even in the West. The equivalent of "plattenbau" in other languages is:

Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (in the latter with the name of Valencian), and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tower block. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tower block. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Plattenbau (475 words)
Plattenbau is the German word for a building whose structure is constructed of large, prefabricated concrete slabs, often found in central and eastern Europe.
Sometimes described as "Stalin Box", a Plattenbau building is essentially a tower block.
The term plattenbau refers specifically to buildings in the former GDR.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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