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Encyclopedia > Platoon
Platoon of the German Bundeswehr.
Platoon of the German Bundeswehr.

A platoon is a military unit, typically composed of two to four sections or squads and containing about 30 to 50 soldiers. Platoons are organized into a company, which typically consists of three or four platoons. A platoon is typically the smallest military unit led by a commissioned officer — the platoon leader or platoon commander, usually a lieutenant. He is usually assisted by a senior non-commissioned officer — the platoon sergeant. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixels Full resolution (1280 × 931 pixel, file size: 278 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Platoon ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixels Full resolution (1280 × 931 pixel, file size: 278 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Platoon ... The Bundeswehr (German for Federal Defence Force;  ) is the armed forces of Germany. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... In the fire service a Squad is a Engine Company with a compliment of rescue tools. ... A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... Platoon is a term from military science. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... In most armies, a Platoon Sergeant is the title and position given to a senior enlisted member of a platoon, who advises and supports the platoons commanding officer in leading the unit. ...


In some armies, platoon is used throughout the branches of the Army. In others, such as the British Army, most platoons are infantry platoons, while some carry other designations such as tank, mortar, or heavy weapons platoons. In a few armies, such as the French Army, a platoon is specifically a cavalry unit, and the infantry use "section" as the equivalent unit. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... Heavy weapons platoon is a term from military science which refers to an infantry platoon equipped with machine guns, light mortars, rocket-propelled grenades, flamethrowers, grenade-launchers, anti-tank weapons, and/or other portable heavy weapons. ...


The word is derived from the 17th-century French peloton, meaning a small ball or small detachment of men, which came from pelote, (originally from Latin 'pillula', meaning 'little ball'). The word peloton now means the pack of riders in a bicycle race, which moves as a unit. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700 in the Gregorian calendar. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...

Contents

British organization

In the British Army, the infantry Platoon Commander is a Lieutenant or Second Lieutenant, assisted by a Platoon Sergeant (who usually actually holds the rank of Sergeant). It is usually divided into three eight-man sections. Specialist platoons may be led by a Captain, assisted by a Warrant Officer or Staff Sergeant. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... Sergeant is a rank used in some form by most militaries, police forces, and other uniformed organisations around the world. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers. ... United States Military Staff Sergeant insignia (U.S. Air Force) Staff Sergeant is the fifth enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force, just above Senior Airman and below Technical Sergeant. ...


The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Royal Army Medical Corps, Intelligence Corps and Royal Military Police also use platoons. The Household Cavalry, Royal Armoured Corps, Special Air Service, Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers, Royal Corps of Signals and Royal Logistic Corps use troops instead. The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers cap badge The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; usually pronounced phonetically as Reemee) is a corps of the British Army that has responsibility for the maintenance of all electrical and mechanical equipment. ... The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all British Army personnel and their families in war and in peace. ... The Intelligence Corps (also known as Int Corps) is one of the corps of the British Army. ... The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the branch of the British Army responsible for the policing of service personnel and providing a military police presence on service property, operations and exercises. ... Dismounted Blues and Royals (left) and Life Guards (right) preparing to line the route of the Garter procession at Windsor Castle Household Cavalry is used across the Commonwealth to describe the cavalry of the Household Divisions, a country’s most elite or historically senior military groupings or those military groupings... The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) is currently a collection of ten regular regiments, mostly converted from old horse cavalry regiments, and four Yeomanry regiments of the Territorial Army. ... The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is the principal special forces unit of the British Army. ... Tactical Recognition Flash of the Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army. ... The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Royal Logistic Corps is the British Army corps that provides the logistic support for the Army. ... For the TV show, see F Troop. ...


The equivalent unit in the Royal Marines is also the troop, while in the Royal Air Force and Army Air Corps it is the flight. The Royal Marines (RM), are the Royal Navys elite fighting forces. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Army Air Corps is a component of the British Army. ... A flight is a military unit in an air force, naval air service, or army air corps. ...


Canadian organization

In the Canadian Forces, the infantry Platoon Commander is a Lieutenant or Second Lieutenant, assisted by a Platoon Warrant (who usually actually holds the rank of Warrant Officer). It is usually divided into three eight- to ten-person sections and a heavy weapons detachment which will deploy either a GPMG, Carl Gustav, or 60 mm mortar depending on mission requirements. Specialist platoons may be led by a Captain, assisted by a Warrant Officer. Some very large specialist platoons will actually have a Lieutenant as the second-in-command. In many corps, platoon-sized units are called troops instead. The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the combined armed forces of Canada. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... Two Bermuda Regiment Warrant Officers. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The FN MAG is a machine gun manufactured by Fabrique Nationale (FN), Belgium. ... Carl Gustav anti-tank weapon in action With the Irish Army. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... A corps (plural same as singular; a word that migrated from the French language, pronounced IPA: (cor), but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body) is either a large military unit or formation, an administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery or... For the TV show, see F Troop. ...


Singapore organization

In the Singapore Army, a platoon is a Lieutenant billet. In practice, usually a Second Lieutenant is appointed the platoon commander, and will eventually be promoted to this rank. A typical infantry platoon consists of three seven-man sections of riflemen and a machine gun team, both commanded by Third Sergeants, a platoon sergeant and a medical orderly for a total of 27 soldiers. Singapore Armed Forces Crest The Singapore Army (Chinese: 新加坡陆军部队, Malay: Tentera Singapura) is the land forces and one of the three services of the Singapore Armed Forces. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... Third Sergeant is a Specialist rank in the Singapore Armed Forces. ... In most armies, a Platoon Sergeant is the title and position given to a senior enlisted member of a platoon, who advises and supports the platoons commanding officer in leading the unit. ...


Thai organization

In the Royal Thai Army, a platoon is commanded by a Lieutenant or Second Lieutenant assisted by a Platoon Sergeant, usually of the rank of sergeant major. In infantry units, rifle platoons are generally made up of fifty man squads (three rifle squads, one machine gun squad and command squad). Royal Thai army soldier with an M16A2 rifle during maneuvers in 2000 The Royal Thai Army is the army of Thailand. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... This article is about a military rank and position. ...


United States organization

In the United States Army, a platoon is commanded by a Platoon leader, usually a Second Lieutenant or First Lieutenant, assisted by a Platoon Sergeant, usually of the rank of Sergeant First Class. Tank platoons consist of 4 tanks. In infantry units, rifle platoons are generally made up of four nine-man squads (three rifle squads and one weapons squad). The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... Platoon is a term from military science. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... In most armies, a Platoon Sergeant is the title and position given to a senior enlisted member of a platoon, who advises and supports the platoons commanding officer in leading the unit. ... Sergeant First Class insignia Sergeant First Class (SFC) is the seventh enlisted rank in the U.S. Army, just above Staff Sergeant and below Master Sergeant, and is a non-commissioned officer. ... In the fire service a Squad is a Engine Company with a compliment of rescue tools. ...


In the United States Marine Corps, platoons are commanded by a platoon commander, usually Second Lieutenant, even though the position is intended for a First Lieutenant. The billet of Platoon Sergeant is a position intended for a Gunnery Sergeant, but it is often is held by a Marine ranking from Corporal to Gunnery Sergeant. In Marine infantry units, referred to as regiments, rifle platoons usually consist of three rifle squads of 13 men each, usually lead by a Sergeant or Corporal, with a Navy corpsman, a Platoon Commander, and a Platoon Sergeant. Each squad is further divided into 3 fireteams. Each fireteam consist of 4 marines lead by a fireteam leader, usually a Corporal or Lance Corporal. Each fireteam consists of a rifleman with M16A4, fireteam leader with M16A4 and M203 grenade launcher attachment, an automatic rifleman with a M249 SAW (Squad Automatic Weapon), and an assistant automatic rifleman that carries a M16A4 and the extra barrels and ammo drums for the automatic rifleman. A weapons platoon replaces the 3 squads with a 60 mm mortar section, an assault section, and a medium machine gun section (using M240G 7.62 mm machine guns). The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... Hospital Corpsmen (HMs) are members of the United States Navy Hospital Corps. ... A fireteam is a small military unit of infantry. ... M16 is the U.S. Military designation for a family of rifles derived from the Armalite AR-15. ... M203 generally refers to the U.S. Militarys designation for a single shot 40 mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle or the M4 Carbine. ... Caliber: 5. ... The M240, formally United States Machine Gun, 7. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
platoon

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... Platoon is an award winning 1986 Vietnam war film written and directed by Oliver Stone and starring Charlie Sheen, Tom Berenger, and Willem Dafoe. ...

References

  • US Army Table of Organization

  Results from FactBites:
 
Platoon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (489 words)
In an army, a platoon is a unit of thirty to forty soldiers typically commanded by a lieutenant assisted by a non-commissioned officer.
A platoon is the smallest military unit led by a commissioned officer.
Specialist platoons may be led by a captain, assisted by a warrant officer or colour sergeant.
Platoon (film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2921 words)
Platoon is a 1986 Vietnam war film, written and directed by Oliver Stone and starring Charlie Sheen, Willem Dafoe, Tom Berenger and Forest Whitaker.
Platoon, while not the first film about the USA's involvement in the Vietnam Conflict, was probably the first to devote its entire storyline to the effect of the war on the common soldier.
Platoon's release was timely; during the mid-80s there was a softening of attitudes towards Vietnam Veterans that had taken over ten years since the war had officially ended in 1973 with the pullout of the last American soldiers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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