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Encyclopedia > Planned Parenthood


The International Planned Parenthood Federation [1] is a global not for profit organization (or charity) with the broad aims of promoting sexual/reproductive health, and advocating the right of individuals to make their own choices in this area. ... Image File history File links Logo for the Planned Parenthood Federtion of America, Inc. ...


Operates in the USA Image File history File links Location_United_States. ...

Abbreviation PPFA
Formation 1916
Legal status Federation
Purpose/focus Reproductive Health
Location 860 clinic locations
Region served United States
Membership 120 independent Planned Parenthood affiliates
President Cecile Richards
Affiliations IPPF
Budget $902.8 Million
Website Planned Parenthood

Planned Parenthood is the collective name of organizations worldwide who are members of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). The Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA) is the U.S. affiliate of IPPF and one of its larger members. PPFA provides both reproductive health and maternal and child health services. The organization's status as the United States' leading provider of surgical abortions has put it in the forefront of national debate over that issue. Planned Parenthood Action Fund, Inc. (PPAF) is a related organization that lobbies the U.S. political system for pro-choice legislation, comprehensive sex education, and access to affordable health care.[1] The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Cecile Richards has been president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America since 2006. ... The International Planned Parenthood Federation [1] is a global not for profit organization (or charity) with the broad aims of promoting sexual/reproductive health, and advocating the right of individuals to make their own choices in this area. ... An operating budget is the annual budget of an activity stated in terms of Budget Classification Code, functional/subfunctional categories and cost accounts. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Within the framework of WHOs definition of health[1] as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life. ... Issues of discussion Pro-choice describes the political and ethical view that a woman should have complete control over her fertility and pregnancy. ... An early 20th century post card documents the problem of unwanted pregnancy. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ...

Contents

Facilities and funding

PPFA is a federation of 120 independent Planned Parenthood affiliates around the United States. These affiliates together operate 860 locations, offering a variety of services to more than five million women, men and teens each year. Services include abortion services, contraceptive (birth control) services; emergency contraception; screening for breast, cervical and testicular cancers; pregnancy testing and pregnancy options counseling; testing and treatment for sexually transmitted diseases; sexuality education, menopause treatments; vasectomies and tubal ligations, and more. Not all services are available at all locations. For other uses, see Birth control (disambiguation). ... EBC redirects here. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... Cervical cancer is a malignant cancer of the cervix. ... Testicular cancer is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system. ... A modern pregnancy test A pregnancy test is a test to determine whether or not a woman is pregnant. ... Pregnancy options counseling is intended to provide information on support services for needy mothers, adoption, and abortion to pregnant women. ... A sexually transmitted disease (STD), a. ... An early 20th century post card documents the problem of unwanted pregnancy. ... The word menopause literally means the permanent physiological, or natural, cessation of menstrual cycles, from the Greek roots meno (month) and pausis (a pause, a cessation). ... Vasectomy is a surgical procedure in which the vasa deferentia of a male mammal are cut for the purpose of sterilization. ... Tubal ligation (informally known as getting ones tubes tied) is a permanent form of female sterilization, in which the fallopian tubes are severed and sealed or pinched shut, in order to prevent fertilization. ...


Planned Parenthood describes itself as "the nation's leading sexual and reproductive health care advocate and provider." In 2005, Planned Parenthood provided 264,943 surgical and medical abortions, the most of any abortion provider in the U.S.[2]


Planned Parenthood receives almost a third of its money in government grants and contracts ($305.3 million in FY 2006). It received $345.1 million in clinic income that year, $212.2 million in private contributions and bequests, $33 million in other income and $7.2 million for the Alan Guttmacher Institute for a total of $902.8 million.[2] The Alan Guttmacher Institute is a research institute that provides global and U.S. specific demographic statistics on reproductive matters such as birth control and abortion. ...


Some pro-life organizations that disagree with Planned Parenthood's mission and services have set up campaigns and petitions to stop Planned Parenthood from receiving government funding.[3] This article is about the social movement. ...


History and organization

Planned Parenthood began as the National Birth Control League, which was founded in 1916 under the leadership of Mary Dennett. The organization was later renamed the American Birth Control League under the direction of Margaret Sanger. The League was influential in liberalizing laws against birth control throughout the 1920s and 1930s before changing its name to Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. in 1942. The National Birth Control League, founded in 1916, was reorganized and renamed the American Birth Control League in 1921. ... Mary Coffin Ware Dennett (April 4, 1872 - July 25, 1947) was an American birth control activist and pacifist. ... The American Birth Control League was founded by Margaret Sanger in 1921 at the First American Birth Control Conference in New York City. ... Margaret Higgins Sanger (September 14, 1879 – September 6, 1966) was an American birth control activist, an advocate of negative eugenics, and the founder of the American Birth Control League (which eventually became Planned Parenthood). ... The 1920s they were sexy referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Faye Wattleton was president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America from 1978 to 1992, the longest term in the organization's history. During her term in office, the organization considerably expanded its services and became publicly visible in working for women's reproductive rights. Faye Wattleton, born in 1943 as Alyce Faye Wattleton, is the first African-American and youngest President ever elected to Planned Parenthood, 1978 - 1992. ...


On February 15, 2006, Cecile Richards became president of the organization.[4] is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cecile Richards has been president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America since 2006. ...


Stand on political and legal issues

Planned Parenthood and its predecessor organizations have provided and advocated for access to birth control since the founding of the National Birth Control League in 1916. The modern organization of Planned Parenthood America is also an advocate for reproductive rights, including the right to abortion. This advocacy includes contributing to sponsorship of abortion rights and women's rights events[5] and assisting in the testing of new contraceptives.[6] The group opposes restrictions on abortion, including: Reproductive rights (also Procreative liberty) refers to human rights in areas of sexual reproduction, including the rights to reproduce (such as opposition to forced sterilization) as well as rights not to reproduce (such as support for access to birth control and abortion), the right to privacy, medical coverage, right to...

  • laws requiring parental consent or notification for girls under the age of 18 (or 17 in some states) to have an abortion
  • laws requiring an ultrasound before abortion (many Planned Parenthood clinics perform, but do not require, ultrasounds)
  • laws requiring a waiting period (ranging from a couple of hours to a day or more)

Planned Parenthood argues for the wide availability of emergency contraception (EC) measures,[7] and opposes refusal clauses (also called conscience clauses) which would allow pharmacists to refuse to dispense contraceptives if doing so would conflict with their personal beliefs.[8] Planned Parenthood has also been critical of hospitals that they claim obstruct access to EC for rape victims.[9] Planned Parenthood supports and provides FDA-approved abortifacients such as Mifepristone. EBC redirects here. ... Conscience clauses are clauses in laws in some parts of the United States which permit pharmacists, physicians, and other providers of health care not to provide certain medical services for reasons of religion or conscience. ... An abortifacient is a substance that induces abortion. ... Mifepristone is a synthetic steroid compound used as a pharmaceutical. ...


Planned Parenthood also opposes abstinence-only education in public schools. Instead, Planned Parenthood favors (and offers) comprehensive sex education, which includes discussion of both abstinence and birth control.


Controversy and criticism

Planned Parenthood has been accused by pro-life organizations of agreeing not to report cases of statutory rape to the authorities; for example, a pro-life activist, posing as a 13-year-old impregnated by her 22-year-old boyfriend, called over 800 clinics requesting an abortion. According to the recorded audio and transcripts, over 90% of the clinics agreed to her request not to report the boyfriend to the police for statutory rape.[10] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Planned Parenthood has received criticism for withholding court-subpoenaed medical records of patients in these and other cases, but defends its actions on the grounds of medical privacy. Cases in Indiana and Kansas remain unresolved.[11][12] In October 2005, Planned Parenthood Minnesota/North Dakota/South Dakota was fined $50,000 for violation of a Minnesota state parental notification law.[13] The main subject of medical privacy is the medical record which historically has been a paper file of the entire medical history of the patient. ... Parental notification is the legal requirement that one or more parents be notified (and, typically, give consent) before their minor daughter may have an abortion. ...


In 2007 Planned Parenthood in various states was subjected to a series of phone calls by students on the staff of a University of California, Los Angeles student-run magazine, The Advocate, run by a student pro-life organization. The calls included one in July 2007 to Planned Parenthood of Idaho offering a donation if it could be earmarked for abortions for black women because, "the less black kids out there the better." Answering the phone call, the organization's vice president of development and marketing said, "Understandable, understandable" and continued, "Excuse my hesitation, this is the first time I've had a donor call and make this kind of request, so I'm excited and want to make sure I don't leave anything out." Planned Parenthood of Idaho's CEO later issued a statement saying that the officer "violated the organization's principles and practices" and was suspended.[14] The editor of The Advocate stated that Planned Parenthood of Idaho and the six other states were selected, in part, for having laws that allow single party approval of taped telephone conversations.[15][16] The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Chief Executive redirects here. ... Telephone recording laws are laws that govern the civilian recording of telephone conversations by the participants (as opposed to laws controlling governement or law enforcement wiretapping). ...


Planned Parenthood and the U.S. Supreme Court

Planned Parenthood regional chapters have been active in the American courts. A number of cases in which Planned Parenthood has been a party have reached the Supreme Court of the United States. The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ...


Notable among these cases is the 1992 case Planned Parenthood v. Casey, where Planned Parenthood is the Southeast Pennsylvania Chapter, and Casey is the late Robert Casey, who was a pro-life Democratic Governor of Pennsylvania. Holding A Pennsylvania law that required spousal notification prior to obtaining an abortion was invalid under the Fourteenth Amendment because it created an undue burden on married women seeking an abortion. ... “Robert Casey” redirects here. ...


The ultimate ruling was a split plurality, in which Roe v. Wade was upheld in an opinion written by Justices Anthony Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor, and David Souter, all of whom were Republican appointees to the Supreme Court, with Justices Harry Blackmun and John Paul Stevens (also Republican appointees) concurring with the main decision in separately written opinions. The Supreme Court also struck down spousal consent requirements for married women to obtain abortions. Holding Texas law making it a crime to assist a woman to get an abortion violated her due process rights. ... This article is about the Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. ... Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who was the first woman to serve as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... David Hackett Souter (born September 17, 1939) has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1990. ... Justice Harry Blackmun Harry Andrew Blackmun (November 12, 1908 – March 4, 1999) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1970 to 1994. ... John Paul Stevens (born April 20, 1920) is currently the most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ...


Dissenting were Justices William Rehnquist, Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas, and Byron White, all of whom were Republican appointees except for Justice White. Justices Blackmun, Rehnquist, and White were the only justices who voted on the original Roe v. Wade decision in 1973 who were still on the High Court to rule on this case, and their votes on this case were consistent with their votes on the original decision that legalized abortion[17]. William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 – September 3, 2005) was an American lawyer, jurist, and a political figure who served as an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States and later as the Chief Justice of the United States. ... Antonin Gregory Scalia (born March 11, 1936[1]) is an American jurist and the second most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an American jurist and has been an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States since 1991. ... Byron Raymond White (June 8, 1917 – April 15, 2002) won fame both as a football running back and as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ...


Other notable cases

  • July 1976: Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforth. This was a constitutionality challenge by Planned Parenthood to a Missouri law encompassing parental consent, spousal consent, clinic bookkeeping and allowed abortion methods. Portions of the challenged law were held to be constitutional, others not. Syllabus, Opinion, one Concurrence, and two Concurrence & Dissent statements
  • 1983: Planned Parenthood Association of Kansas City v. Ashcroft. This was a constitutionality challenge by Planned Parenthood to a Missouri law encompassing parental consent, clinic record keeping, and hospitalization requirements. Most of the challenged law was held to be constitutional. PMID 12041276.
  • 2001: Planned Parenthood v. ACLA. The American Coalition of Life Activists (ACLA) released a flier and “Wanted” posters with complete personal information about doctors who performed abortions. Through the release of the information, the ACLA promoted controversy and called people to action. A civil jury and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals both found that the material was indeed "true threats" and not protected speech.
  • January 2006: Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of Northern New England. docket link This relates to a constitutionality challenge by Planned Parenthood et al. of a 2003 New Hampshire parental notification law related to access to abortion. Questions before the Court Opinion of the US First Circuit Court of Appeals leading to the Questions before the Court In Sandra Day O'Connor's final decision before retirement, the Supreme Court sent the case back to lower courts with instructions to seek a remedy short of wholesale invalidation of the statute.

Holding ... Court membership Case opinions Laws applied NH Parental Notification Prior to Abortion Act (N.H. Rev. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Planned Parenthood Action Fund's core issues. Planned Parenthood Action Fund. Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  2. ^ a b Planned Parenthood Federation of America (2005). "Annual Report 2004–2005".
  3. ^ "ALL Launches Full-Scale National Campaign to Stop Planned Parenthood Tax Funding", U.S. Newswire, January 23, 2006. 
  4. ^ Johnson, Darragh. "Cecile Richards, Planned Parenthood's Choice Leader", Washington Post, March 25, 2006, pp. C01. 
  5. ^ Planned Parenthood was one of the co-sponsors of the March for Women's Lives held April 25, 2004.
  6. ^ Planned Parenthood has been engaged in large scale tracking of the effectiveness and safety of Mifepristone within its clinics. PPFA 2003–2004 Annual Report (PDF). Planned Parenthood Federation of America (2004). Retrieved on January 29, 2006.
  7. ^ Emergency Contraception - Planned Parenthood
  8. ^ Refusal Clauses: A Threat to Reproductive Rights - Planned Parenthood
  9. ^ Obstructing Access to Emergency Contraception in Hospital Emergency Rooms - Planned Parenthood
  10. ^ "Pro-Life Group Launches Undercover Sting", Fox News, 2002-05-31. Retrieved on 2007-03-12. 
  11. ^ "Kansas AG Kline Says Request For Late-Term Abortion Records Motivated By Protecting Children; Opponent Says It Violated Medical Privacy", Medical News Today, 2006-09-4. Retrieved on 2006-09-10. 
  12. ^ "Indiana Planned Parenthood Asks Court To Prevent State AG From Accessing Medical Records of Teens Seen at State Clinics", Medical News Today, 2005-03-17. Retrieved on 2006-09-10. 
  13. ^ Prather. "Judge Faults St. Paul Clinic in Abortion Lawsuit", St. Paul Pioneer Press, 2005-10-13, p. A1. Retrieved on 2006-09-10. 
  14. ^ Forester, Sandra. "Response to caller 'a serious mistake,' says Planned Parenthood of Idaho", Idaho Statesman, The McClatchy Company, 2008-28-02. Retrieved on 2008-03-16. (English) 
  15. ^ Boise Weekly Staff. "Say What?", Boise Weekly, 2008-03-05. Retrieved on 2008-03-16. (English) 
  16. ^ Linares, Edgar. "Group protests Planned Parenthood", KTVB TV, NBC Affiliate, 2008-03-01. Retrieved on 2008-03-16. (English) 
  17. ^ Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Marchers on the National Mall Participants leaving the Washington Metro at Stadium-Armory after the march The March for Womens Lives was a demonstration for abortion rights and womens rights, held April 25, 2004 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., and possibly the largest protest ever... Mifepristone is a synthetic steroid compound used as a pharmaceutical. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Idaho Statesman is a U.S. daily newspaper serving the Boise, Idaho metropolitan area. ... The McClatchy Company NYSE: MNI is an American publishing company based in Sacramento, California, that operates a number of newspapers and websites. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Boise Weekly is a newspaper in Boise, Idaho, USA. It has an unaudited circulation of 32,000 and is published weekly on Wednesday. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... KTVB Idahos NewsChannel 7 is a television station in Boise, Idaho, affiliated with the NBC network, that broadcasts on analog VHF channel 7 and digital UHF channel 26. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Planned Parenthood Southeastern Pennsylvania (1345 words)
Planned Parenthood is committed to the health and safety of our patients, and we will continue to provide high-quality care, including abortion services, to our patients.
Planned Parenthood has learned this week that a woman who underwent medication abortion died several days after the procedure.
Planned Parenthood medical professionals are available around the clock if you need to speak with someone.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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