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Encyclopedia > Planetes
Planetes
ΠΛΑΝΗΤΕΣ
プラネテス
(Planetes)
Demographic Seinen
Genre Sci-fi
Manga
Authored by Makoto Yukimura
Publisher Japan Kodansha
Serialized in Weekly Morning
Original run January 23, 2001February 23, 2004
No. of volumes 4
TV anime
Directed by Goro Taniguchi
Studio Sunrise
Network Japan Nihon Hōsō Kyōkai (NHK)
Flag of the United Kingdom AnimeCentral
Original run October 4, 2003April 17, 2004
No. of episodes 26

Planetes (Greek: ΠΛΑΝΗΤΕΣ (Wanderers), Japanese Katakana: プラネテス (Puranetesu)) is a hard science fiction manga by Makoto Yukimura and a 26-episode anime of the same name, that was produced by Sunrise and broadcast on NHK in Japan from October 2003 through April 2004. The story revolves around a team of space debris collectors based in the debris ship Toy Box in the year 2075. Image File history File links Planetes_Anime. ... Seinen not to be confused with adult )) is a subset of manga that is generally targeted at an 18–30 year old male audience, but the audience can be much older with some comics aimed at businessmen well into their 40s. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... “Original manga” redirects here. ... Makoto Yukimura (幸村誠 Makoto Yukimura) is a manga artist, born in Yokohama, Japan, on May 8, 1974. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... The head office of Kodansha Kodansha Limited ) is the largest Japanese publisher of literature and manga, headquartered in (Bunkyo), Tokyo. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the music movie, see Tokyo Pop. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Spectacular Spider Man #100 (UK edition). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Spectacular Spider Man #100 (UK edition). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Spectacular Spider Man #100 (UK edition). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Weekly Morning (週刊モーニング, ShÅ«kan mōningu) is a weekly Japanese seinen manga magazine published by Kodansha, aimed at adult men. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tankōbon ) is the Japanese term for a compilation volume of a particular series (such as a manga or a novel series, magazine articles, essays, craft patterns, etc. ... “TV” redirects here. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Goro Taniguchi ) is a Japanese anime director, writer, and storyboard artist who is often associated with Sunrise. ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... AnimeCentral is a upcoming British Television channel owned by Chart Show Channels. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is the complete episode listing for all the animation produced for Planetes based on the manga. ... This is the complete episode listing for all the animation produced for Planetes based on the manga. ... The eight planets and three dwarf planets of the Solar System. ... Katakana ) is a Japanese syllabary, one component of the Japanese writing system along with hiragana, kanji, and in some cases the Latin alphabet. ... Hard science fiction is a category of science fiction characterized by an emphasis on scientific or technical detail, or on scientific accuracy, or on both. ... “Original manga” redirects here. ... Makoto Yukimura (幸村誠 Makoto Yukimura) is a manga artist, born in Yokohama, Japan, on May 8, 1974. ... “Animé” redirects here. ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... Space debris or orbital debris, also called space junk and space waste, are the objects in orbit around Earth created by man that no longer serve any useful purpose. ...


The manga is published in English by TOKYOPOP and it retains its right-to-left format. The anime has been licensed for US and Canadian distribution by Bandai Entertainment. It will also be broadcast by AnimeCentral beginning September 13, 2007. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For the music movie, see Tokyo Pop. ... This article is about the Japanese toy manufacturer. ... AnimeCentral is a upcoming British Television channel owned by Chart Show Channels. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Contents

Plot

The story of Planetes follows the crew of the DS-12 "Toy Box" of the Space Debris Section, a unit of Technora Corporation. Debris Section's purpose is to prevent the damage or destruction of satellites, space stations and spacecraft from collision with debris in Earth's and the Moon's orbits. They use a number of methods to dispose of the debris (mainly by burning it via atmospheric reentry or through salvage), accomplished through the use of EVA suits. For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... The International Space Station in 2007 A space station is an artificial structure designed for humans to live in outer space. ... The Space Shuttle Discovery as seen from the International Space Station. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless on an untethered EVA Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) is work done by an astronaut away from the Earth and outside of his or her spacecraft. ...


The episodes sometimes revolve around debris collection itself, but more often the concept of collecting "trash" in space is merely a storytelling method for building character development. The members of the Debris Section are looked down upon as the lowest members of the company and they must work hard to prove their worth to others and accomplish their dreams.


Ongoing plot elements include an upcoming exploratory mission to Jupiter on the new fusion powered ship, Von Braun, and the lead character's decision to join the mission, no matter the cost. Many other plot threads are also developed throughout the series that help to explain each character's motivations and personalities. The Space Defense Front is a terrorist organization that believes mankind is exploiting space without first curing global problems such as mass famine and the widened socio-economic divide on Earth.[1] Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa Hydrogen ~86% Helium ~14% Methane 0. ... Internal view of the JET tokamak superimposed with an image of a plasma taken with a visible spectrum video camera. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...


Characters

Main article: List of Planetes characters

Hachirota "Hachimaki" Hoshino (星野 八郎太 Hoshino Hachirōta?) is the protagonist of the series. Everyone simply calls him "Hachi" (Japanese for "eight" or "eighth") or "Hachimaki" (ハチマキ?), because he wears one during his EVAs). His dream has always been to own his own spaceship, but between the cost of purchasing one and his low-paying, seemingly dead-end job, Hachi struggles with even deciding whether or not to pursue his dream. Hachi's father is a renowned engineer, a source of much ambivalence to Hachimaki. Much of Hachi's drive is summed up in "bigger, faster, and further". However, this drive makes him conflicted about his own relationship with space. Loud and brash, Hachi has difficulty expressing himself adequately, especially in romantic matters. This is a list of fictional characters from the manga and anime series Planetes. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kiyoshi Ogawa wearing a hachimaki. ... Kiyoshi Ogawa wearing a hachimaki. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless on an untethered EVA Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) is work done by an astronaut away from the Earth and outside of his or her spacecraft. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A romance novel is a literary genre developed in Western culture, mainly in English-speaking countries. ...


Voiced by: Kazunari Tanaka (Japanese), Kirk Thornton (English)
Kazunari Tanaka , born April 8 in Osaka) is a seiyū who works for Aoni Production. ... Kirk Thornton (Born Sean Thornton on May 13, 1956 in Portland, Oregon) is a prolific American voice actor. ...

Ai Tanabe (田名部 愛 Tanabe Ai?) is the newest member of the Debris Section. She is the adopted daughter of a death metal band leader turned engineer and an elementary school teacher. Tanabe did not speak until she was three years old. She is bright and earnest, but mostly unsure of herself. As a newcomer to space, the Debris Section and to extra-vehicular activity all at the same time, she has to slowly learn the ropes from everyone else. She believes that love, or "ai" (possibly a pun intended on her name being the Japanese word for love) is the solution to every problem. Kind and sweet, she is willing to do almost anything to help others. However, her kind spirit also masks a drive to become better than she is. Image File history File links Ai_Tanabe. ... Death metal is a subgenre of heavy metal. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ...


Voiced by: Satsuki Yukino (Japanese), Julie Ann Taylor (English)
Yuki Inoue ), better known by her stage name Satsuki Yukino ), is a popular voice actress (seiyū) in Japan. ... Julie Ann Taylor (born August 30, 1961 in Fort Irwin, California) is a voice actress who primarily works at Bang Zoom! Entertainment. ...

Fee Carmichael (フィー・カーマイケル Fī Cāmaikeru?) is the American pilot of the "Toy Box", the debris-collecting ship used by the main characters. She was born in Richmond, Virginia, and the daughter of a prominent lawyer. Even more loud and brash than Hachi, Fee often becomes violent at others' actions and inaction, but she always means well. Being a heavy (and slightly ashamed[2]) smoker, she has difficulty finding places to indulge her habit in space, as smoking is a strain on life support systems and is thereby restricted to designated smoking rooms. This often makes her quite irritable, especially after all smoking rooms are shut down as the SDF began planting bombs in them. In the anime, she is able to get around this with an enclosed personal "smoker's seat" (which is prone to inadvertent sabotage). Married with a young son, Fee lives in Florida when not in space, which is not very often. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... The cigarette is the most common method of smoking tobacco. ... In human spaceflight, the life support system is a group of devices that allow a human being to survive in outer space. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ...


Voiced by: Ai Orikasa (Japanese), Wendee Lee (English)
Ai Orikasa ), born Kikue Orikasa , born December 12, 1963) is a popular Japanese veteran seiyū and singer. ... Wendee Lee (born April 29, 1955 in Los Angeles, CA) is an American voice actress, one of the most prolific and experienced in the business. ...

Yuri Mihairokov (ユーリ・ミハイロコフ Yūri Mihairokofu?), Russian Юрий Михалков Yuri Mihalkov) is the Russian member of the Debris team. Calm, stoic, kind and compassionate, Yuri often acts as the level head of the group. Several years before the events of the story, he and his wife were in a low-orbit craft traveling to England when a small bolt slammed into one of the ship's windows at high velocity, causing the plane to depressurize and make an emergency landing. Many died in the highly publicized incident, including Yuri's wife, who was never found. The incident and Yuri's desire to recover his wife's lost keepsake, a compass she wore around her neck, drives him to collect more debris. It is often speculated that Yuri's name is a reference to Yuri Gagarin and Nikita Mihalkov. In the anime, Yuri and the Debris Section Office Staff are responsible for looking after the ISPV 7's resident animals. Image File history File links Yuri_Mihalkov. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... In physics, velocity is defined as the rate of change of displacement or the rate of displacement. ... This article is about the navigational instrument. ... Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: , Yuriy Alekseyevich Gagarin IPA: ; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968), Hero of the Soviet Union, was a Soviet cosmonaut. ... Nikita Mikhalkov in the 2005 Fandorin movie The Councillor of State. ...


Voiced by: Takehito Koyasu (Japanese), Jamieson Price (English)
Takehito Koyasu (子安 武人 Koyasu Takehito, born May 5, 1967) in Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan is a seiyū (voice actor). ... Jamieson Kent Price (Born April 28, 1961 in West Palm Beach, Florida) is an American voice actor; he is most well known for his deep and booming voice and can be heard in numerous anime shows and video games. ...


Manga

Hachimaki and Tanabe in the Planetes manga.

Originally serialized in Weekly Morning as a 4 volume manga, the Planetes manga is a 5-part graphic novel series available in English from TOKYOPOP. Though author/illustrator Makoto Yukimura does not have a background in the sciences, the idea of Planetes came to him while reading a book called A Garbage Problem in Space: Space Debris, and found the Japanese phoenetics for the word debris (deburi (デブリ?)) amusing. Yukimura intentionally did not research space technology for fears that it would compromise his artistic freedom.[3] Image File history File links Hachi_&_Tanabe. ... Image File history File links Hachi_&_Tanabe. ... Weekly Morning (週刊モーニング, ShÅ«kan mōningu) is a weekly Japanese seinen manga magazine published by Kodansha, aimed at adult men. ... A Tankōbon compilation book is a set of manga issues which have been collected into a volume for a given author. ... For the music movie, see Tokyo Pop. ...


The manga sometimes starts with a few full-colour pages before going to the standard black & white art. The character design of the manga is similar to that of Harold Sakuishi's BECK: Mongolian Chop Squad and Naoki Urasawa, with relatively simple faces and smaller eyes, and a great degree of facial expressions. However, meticulous detail was used to render the manga's technological objects such as the spacesuits, the spacecraft, and settings. Harold Sakuishi ), born March 16, 1969 is an award-winning manga artist. ... Naoki Urasawa (浦沢直樹 Urasawa Naoki) is a mangaka born on January 2, 1960 in Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan. ...


Manga summary


Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Anime

The Planetes anime began airing its 26 episode run on NHK BS-2 on October 4, 2003 and ended on February 23, 2004. Produced and animated by Sunrise, it was directed by Goro Taniguchi and scripted by Ichiro Okouchi (both of whom would later reunite in 2006 to work on the Sunrise original production Code Geass). The anime began development and production before the end of the manga serialization. In the beginning and middle of the series, the writing and production staff only had the first three volumes of the manga as source. In order to fill the entire 26 episode run of the anime, new characters, new settings and new relationships between characters were made in order to increase dramatic tension, reinforce themes introduced in the manga, and introduce new themes that were compatible with the manga. While the manga deals more with existential themes, and humanity's relationship with space, the anime further expands the political elements of the story. NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Goro Taniguchi ) is a Japanese anime director, writer, and storyboard artist who is often associated with Sunrise. ... Ichiro Okouchi , born on 28 March 1968 in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture) is a Japanese screenwriter and novelist. ... Code Geass: Lelouch of the Rebellion ) is a Japanese anime television series, created by Sunrise. ... Existentialism is a philosophical movement which claims that individual human beings create the meanings of their own lives. ...


Vast technological improvements were made between the manga and the anime, introducing touch-controlled HUDs, retractable debris face shields with a video screen, and peripheral cameras to the EVA suits the main characters use. Also, the anime seems to have improved upon the weightless living and working spaces, with foot and hand bars for people to stabilize their movement in a weightless environment. The base of operations of the Toy Box is placed on a space station orbiting Earth called the ISPV 7, rather than being on the Moon in the manga. The United States of America is explicitly named in the manga, as opposed to in the anime where it is seldom mentioned in favor of "INTO" or the International Treaty Organization (a possible reference to NATO and SEATO), which seems to be a federation of individual countries including the United States and Japan. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... External links kamouflage. ...


Episodes

This is the complete episode listing for all the animation produced for Planetes based on the manga. ...

Music and theme songs

The music of Planetes is a mixture of traditional orchestral music, supplemented by chorals, several uses of a theremin, and traditional Japanese woodwinds (e.g. Shakuhachi). The music score was composed by Kotaro Nakagawa and produced by Victor Entertainment. For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... Léon Theremin playing an early theremin The theremin (originally pronounced but often anglicized as [1]), or thereminvox, is one of the earliest fully electronic musical instruments. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... A shakuhachi flute, blowing edge up. ... Kotaro Nakagawa , born 7 February 1969) is a Japanese composer and arranger. ... Victor Entertainment ) is a subsidiary of Japan Victor Company (JVC) that produces and distributes music, movies and other entertainment products such as anime and television shows in Japan. ...


Opening theme:

Ending themes: Mikio Sakai , born August 24, 1970 in Hokkaidō) is a singer-songwriter. ...

Insert songs: Mikio Sakai , born August 24, 1970 in Hokkaidō) is a singer-songwriter. ... Hitomi Kuroishi ) is a Japanese singer/songwriter. ...

Hitomi Kuroishi ) is a Japanese singer/songwriter. ... Mikio Sakai , born August 24, 1970 in Hokkaidō) is a singer-songwriter. ...

Reaction

Both the manga and the anime were critically lauded. According to Anime News Network, the manga has a "solid, engrossing storyline and well-developed characters".[4] Anime News Network also proclaimed Planetes to be the best science fiction anime series of 2005.[5]


Sales-wise, the manga was only a modest success in North America, with volume 3 reaching 81st place on the Diamond US sales top 100, selling about 1100 copies through the distributor.[6] Volume 4 reached 93rd place, selling about 1400 copies.[7] North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


Realism

Technical

While all astronauts wear diapers, Planetes is one of the few shows to explicitly show them.

The story of Planetes takes place in the near future. Unlike many other anime and science fiction productions, special care was given in Planetes for a very realistic depiction of space and space travel. For instance, when in a weightless environment, the cel count dramatically increases in order to make weightless motion more fluid and realistic. Also, spaceships make no noise in the vacuum of space and astronauts routinely suffer from known space illnesses such as radiation poisoning, decompression sickness, cancer, brittle bones and mental illnesses spawned from isolation in the vacuum of space. One character, born on the Moon, grew to be abnormally tall due to the lesser lunar gravity. Image File history File links DiaperMan. ... Image File history File links DiaperMan. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit outside the U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ... Radiation poisoning, also called radiation sickness, is a form of damage to organ tissue due to excessive exposure to ionizing radiation. ... Decompression sickness (DCS), the diver’s disease, the bends, or caisson disease is the name given to a variety of symptoms suffered by a person exposed to a reduction in the pressure surrounding their body. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... Osteoporosis is a disease of bone in which the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of non-collagenous proteins in bone is altered. ...


Concepts like momentum in weightlessness are early plot points and are always illustrated naturally. Director Goro Taniguchi stated in the DVD commentary that he learned much about orbital mechanics in the course of making the series. This can be shown in showing specific orbital energy, through changing orbits by applying thrust throughout the series.[8] Even the necessity for the retrieval of space debris that is central to the plot is rooted in the serious and growing problem with space debris today.[9] This article or section should be merged with Celestial Mechanics Astrodynamics is the study and creation of orbits, especially those of artificial satellites. ... In astrodynamics the specific orbital energy (or vis-viva energy) of an orbiting body traveling through space under standard assumptions is the sum of its potential energy () and kinetic energy () per unit mass. ... Two bodies with a slight difference in mass orbiting around a common barycenter. ...


The show also works to connect itself to the history of rocketry and space flight. The opening sequence is similar to the television series Star Trek: Enterprise, featuring a montage of the history of space flight from Greek mythology to the "modern" setting outlined in the series. Along the way, animated images of important milestones in space travel like Robert Goddard's early rocket tests, the V-2 rocket, Sputnik 1, Laika the dog, the Vostok spacecraft, Apollo 11, Skylab, Mir, the International Space Station and the Space Shuttle Endeavour and other mile stones are displayed. References to early pioneers in rocketry like Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Robert H. Goddard, Wernher von Braun and Hermann Oberth are also made regularly.[10] A rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust from within a rocket engine. ... Currently, the most common technology for space transport is rocket propulsion, which expels matter to provide a net forward thrust. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Robert Goddard Robert Hutchings Goddard (October 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945) was one of the pioneers of modern rocketry. ... The V-2 Rocket (German: Vergeltungswaffe 2) was the first ballistic missile and first man-made object launched into space[4], the progenitor of all modern rockets and a direct predecessor of the Saturn V moon rocket. ... Sputnik 1 (Russian: , Satellite-1, byname ПС-1 (PS-1, i. ... For other uses, see Laika (disambiguation). ... The Vostok (Восток, translated as East) was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Unions space program for human spaceflight. ... The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. ... For other uses, see Skylab (disambiguation). ... Mir (Russian: ; lit. ... “ISS” redirects here. ... Space Shuttle Orbiter Endeavour (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105), is the fifth and final operational NASA space shuttle. ... Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (Константин Эдуардович Циолковский, Konstanty Ciołkowski) (September 5, 1857 new style – September 19, 1935) was a Russian and Soviet rocket scientist and pioneer of cosmonautics who spent most of his life in a log house on the outskirts of the Russian town of Kaluga. ... Robert Hutchings Goddard (1882-1945) Robert Hutchings Goddard (October 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945), U.S. professor and scientist, was a pioneer of controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry. ... For other uses of von Braun, see von Braun (disambiguation). ... Oberth (in front) with fellow ABMA employees. ...


The Japanese space agency JAXA served as a technical consultant to the series.[11][12] The US version of the DVDs featured interviews with two scientists from NASA's Orbital Debris Section. However, both scientists stated that the premise of having to rendezvous with debris in orbit is highly unlikely as it would take an extravagant amount of energy for a relatively small amount of salvageable material.[13] One of the scientists stated that the previous director of the NASA Orbital Debris Section was in fact Donald J. Kessler, the scientist who proposed the eponymous Kessler Syndrome, which is cited and used several times in both the anime and manga.[14] The Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency (JAXA) is Japans aerospace agency. ... This article is about the American space agency. ... The Kessler Syndrome is a scenario, proposed by NASA consultant Donald J. Kessler, in which the volume of space debris in Low Earth Orbit is so high that objects in orbit are frequently struck by debris, creating even more debris and a greater risk of further impacts. ...


Human elements

Hachimaki in his EVA suit.

The story also depicts the richer countries monopolizing resources in space and the poorer ones falling into civil war and being invaded or needing the assistance of those richer countries, telling a story of dependency theory and the negative side of environmentalism.[15] The conflicting views of the terrorist group, the Space Defense Front, who wish to shut human beings off from space, the main characters who believe in the importance of space exploration and development,[16] and the International Treaty Organization (INTO) which wants space development primarily to serve the military needs of developed nations also play major roles.[17] The anime refrains from oversimplification of the various factions, portraying both true believers and those with ulterior motives on all sides.[18] The final settlement of the conflict is also unique in that it is not resolved by any of the main protagonists or antagonists, but by a compromise struck between powers above their heads.[19] Image File history File links Hachi(Suit). ... Image File history File links Hachi(Suit). ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless on an untethered EVA Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) is work done by an astronaut away from the Earth and outside of his or her spacecraft. ... A monopoly (from the Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service, in other words a firm that has no competitors in its industry. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... Main International Relations Theories Politics Portal This box:      Dependency theory is a body of social science theories, both from developed and developing nations, that create a worldview which suggests that poor underdeveloped states of the periphery are exploited by wealthy developed nations of the centre, in order to sustain economic... For the psychology topic, see Environmental psychology. ... Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space, both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft. ...


Both the anime and manga set a precedent of portraying a highly multicultural cast of characters respectfully and with minimal use of racial stereotypes as previously seen in almost all manga and anime which features a similar cast (For an example, see G Gundam). In fact, those characters who refer to stereotypes in the anime are usually berated by other characters almost immediately.[20] The multicultural national representation of the countries of origin at the student union of San Francisco City College. ... An ethnic stereotype is a generalized representation of an ethnic group, composed of what are thought to be typical characteristics of members of the group. ... Mobile Fighter G Gundam ), or G Gundam, is an anime series set in the Future Century timeline of the Gundam metaseries. ...


Themes

The themes in Planetes are philosophical, societal, and political in nature. The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge) is an academic and applied discipline that studies society and human social interaction. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ...

  • The theme most prevalent within the plot is the relationship between space, humanity, and the individual. Hachimaki struggles throughout the story with his own relationship with space and consequently, other people. Meanwhile, the terrorist group, the Space Defence Front's view of humanity's relationship with space is the driving force through much of the story.
  • Existential dread (or angst) and the characters' response to it is an important part to their characterization. The characters' response to angst, particularly the protagonist Hachimaki, becomes a source of both internal and external conflict throughout the story.
  • Both the manga and the anime criticize artificial divisions, including political divisions within humanity, as well as divisions between nations,[21] individuals,[22] and class divisions.[23]
  • In the anime, several characters were introduced in order to add its criticism of salaryman culture. Some of these characters are portrayed only to seek to climb the corporate ladder, however unlikely it may be. This fact makes several characters lose sight of the importance of their job, however lowly others might see it. At the same time, several characters are introduced who seek to work within the system in order to make a difference.[24]

Existential dread is an existential concept developed by Søren Kierkegaard in 1844. ... Salaryman or Salariman ) is a Japanese term for a white-collar worker. ...

Trivia

Planetes shared part of its production staff with another anime series that ran at the same time on NHK, Twin Spica. From this, the production staff slipped several easter egg cross overs into Planetes. Some of these include: NHK Broadcasting Center in Shibuya, Tokyo NHK (, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), or the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is Japans public broadcaster. ... Twin Spica ) is an anime and manga. ...

  • The hotel on the ISPV 7 Space Station is called the Hotel Spica.
  • Episode 20 of the Planetes anime featured an isolation test which mirrored the isolation test which was part of the National Space Academy entrance test in Twin Spica.
  • Inflated spherical escape pods, or "rescue balls" are featured in both series at some point.

There are several times where the anime and the manga would allude to each other. The following are some examples of this: Spica (α Vir / α Virginis / Alpha Virginis) is the brightest star in the constellation Virgo, and one of the brightest stars in the nighttime sky. ...

  • "Nora", Technora Corporation's mascot in the anime is originally Hachimaki's alien friend who appeared in a dream.[25]
  • The white cat the SDF used as an avatar in the anime to talk to the Union conference delegates in episode 23 is Hachimaki's vision of God during his vision quest on the Lunar surface.
  • In episode 22, the Debris Section Office Staff visit the Moon Debris Section office and find that the office staff there is very similar to them. This is a reference to the fact that the Toy Box and its crew were based on the Moon in the manga.
  • In a non-canon yonkoma gag strip in the manga, Tanabe is defeated in volleyball by Claire (who only appears in the anime). However, Claire's face is not seen, as she states that the cartoonist "Isn't confident enough to draw me".[26]

This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... Yonkoma manga (4コマ漫画, four cell manga), or 4-koma for short, is a Japanese comic strip format which consists of gags within four cells. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ...

See also

Astrodynamics is the study of the motion of rockets, missiles, and space vehicles, as determined from Sir Isaac Newtons laws of motion and his law of universal gravitation. ... Computer generated image of one of the two Mars Exploration Rovers which touched down on Mars in 2004. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into energy development. ... Edward White on a spacewalk during the Gemini 4 mission. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Interstellar travel. ... A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit in which objects such as satellites are below intermediate circular orbit (ICO) and far below geostationary orbit, but typically around 350 - 1400 km above the Earths surface. ... This space for sale Private spaceflight is flight above 100km Earth altitude conducted by an entity other than a government. ... Artists conception of a space habitat called the Stanford torus, by Don Davis Space colonization (also called space settlement, space humanization, space habitation, etc. ... Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space, both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft. ... Space and survival is the relationship between space and the long-term survival of the human species and civilization. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Planetes Ep. 12
  2. ^ Planetes Ep. 12
  3. ^ NASDA Japan (2002). Interview with Cartoonist Mr. Makoto Yukimura. Let Us Talk Space Challengers. Retrieved on 2006-10-10.
  4. ^ Cooper, Liann (2004). RIGHT TURN ONLY!! - Snips and Snails and Puppy Dog Tails. Anime News Network. Retrieved on 2006-04-11.
  5. ^ Martin, Theron (2004). 2005 Year in Review - Key's Best of 2005. Anime News Network. Retrieved on 2006-04-11.
  6. ^ Unknown (2004). Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual--May 2004. ICv2. Retrieved on 2006-04-12. Note: These are sales statistics to specialty shops through the distributor Diamond US. Tokyopop does not exclusively distribute through this company.
  7. ^ Unknown (2004). Top 100 Graphic Novels Actual--November 2004. ICv2. Retrieved on 2006-04-12. Note: These are sales statistics to specialty shops through the distributor Diamond US. Tokyopop does not exclusively distribute through this company.
  8. ^ Episode 1 Cast and Directors' Commentary
  9. ^ "Space Junk Cleanup Needed, NASA Experts Warn", National Geographic News, 2006-01-19. 
  10. ^ The Werner Locksmith character in particular seems to reflect both Von Braun's vision for the future as well as his willingness to resort to questionable means to achieve them.
  11. ^ JAXA is credited for technical advice at the end of the credits of the anime.
  12. ^ Guanche, Chris (2005). Interview: Jerry Chu, Marketing Manager, Bandai Entertainment. Mecha Anime HQ. Retrieved on 2006-03-06. "It's funny, the JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) scientists actually duped the show off TV there and send their colleagues at NASA a copy to check out."
  13. ^ Planetes Vol. 2, supplementary DVD, NASA Orbital Debris Section interview.
  14. ^ D.J. Kessler (1991). "Collisional Cascading: The Limits of Population Growth in Low Earth Orbit". Advances in Space Research 11: 63. doi:10.1016/0273-1177(91)90543-S. 
  15. ^ Planetes Ep. 18: Mananga, a third world country, fell into civil war when their oil exports where superseded by environmentally cleaner energy found in space.
  16. ^ Planetes Ep. 7: Fee: "Nothing can be solved by locking yourself up in a warm place, how could the world continue without space resources?"
  17. ^ Planetes Ep. 24: Conversation between INTO officials during negotiations.
  18. ^ Planetes Ep. 24: SDF rebels on the Moon are stunned at being abandoned when their leadership strikes a deal with INTO on space resource distribution.
  19. ^ Planetes Ep. 24: Goro attempts to break into the hacked system but the system is restored without his intervention.
  20. ^ Planetes Ep. 6: Lunar Flying Squirrels ask Hachi if he has a black belt, since he is Japanese. Hachi denies this outright and berates them.
  21. ^ Planetes Ep. 11: "From here, we can't see any borders!"
  22. ^ Planetes anime: Much of the latter half of the anime deals with Hachimaki cutting himself off from the others.
  23. ^ Planetes Ep. 26: Claire mentions she wasn't very good at being an aristocrat.
  24. ^ Planetes Ep. 26: Having expanded his influence within Technora Corporation, Dolf decides to defy the board in favor of steering the company towards the ideals he started out with.
  25. ^ Yukimura, Makoto (2004). PLANETES 3. Los Angeles: Tokyopop, 88. ISBN 1-59182-510-5. 
  26. ^ Yukimura, Makoto (2005). PLANETES 4/2. Los Angeles: Tokyopop, 95. ISBN 1-59532-467-4. 

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

External links

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


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