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Encyclopedia > Planet of the Apes
Planet of the apes
also Monkey Planet

1970s film tie-in edition
Author Pierre Boulle
Original title La planète des singes
Translator Xan Fielding
Country Flag of France France
Language French
Genre(s) Science fiction novel
Publisher Livre De Poche
Publication date 1963
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)

Planet of the Apes is a novel by Pierre Boulle, originally published in 1963 in French as La planète des singes. As singe means both "ape" and "monkey," Xan Fielding called his translation Monkey Planet. It is an example of social commentary through dystopia. Image File history File linksMetadata PlanetApesBook. ... Pierre Boulle (20 February 1912 – 30 January 1994) was a French novelist largely known for two famous works, The Bridge over the River Kwai (1952) and Planet of the Apes (1963). ... Xan Fielding, born Alexander Wallace Fielding (26 November 1918 - 19 August 1991) was a British writer and translator, notable for his translations of The Planet of the Apes and The Bridge on the River Kwai. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Some notable science fiction novels, in alphabetical order by title: 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne 2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke 334 by Thomas M. Disch An Age by Brian Aldiss The Andromeda Strain by Michael Crichton The Atrocity Exhibition by J.G. Ballard... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Planet of the Apes is a 1968 science fiction film about an astronaut (Charlton Heston) who finds himself stranded on an Earth-like planet two thousand years in the future. ... This article is about the 2001 film. ... Pierre Boulle (20 February 1912 – 30 January 1994) was a French novelist largely known for two famous works, The Bridge over the River Kwai (1952) and Planet of the Apes (1963). ... This article is about the biological superfamily. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ... Xan Fielding, born Alexander Wallace Fielding (26 November 1918 - 19 August 1991) was a British writer and translator, notable for his translations of The Planet of the Apes and The Bridge on the River Kwai. ... This article is about the philosophical concept and literary form. ...

Contents

Plot summary

The main events of the book are placed in a frame story, in which Jinn and Phillys, a couple out on a pleasure cruise in a spaceship, find a message in a bottle floating in space. The message inside the bottle is the log of a man, Ulysse Mérou, who believes that he may be the last human left alive in all the universe, but has written down his story in hopes that someone else, somewhere, will find it. A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc. ...


Ulysse begins by explaining that he was friends with Professor Antelle, a genius scientist on Earth, who invented a sophisticated spaceship which could travel at nearly the speed of light. Ulysse, the professor, and a physician named Levain fly off in this ship to explore outer space. They travel to the nearest star system that the professor theorized might be capable of life, the red sun Betelgeuse, which would take them about 350 years to reach. Due to time dilation, however, the trip only seems two years long to the travelers. Betelgeuse (Alpha (α) Orionis) is a semiregular variable star located 427 light-years away [1]. It is the second brightest star in the constellation Orion, and the ninth brightest star in the night sky. ... Time dilation is the phenomenon whereby an observer finds that anothers clock which is physically identical to their own is ticking at a slower rate as measured by their own clock. ...


They arrive at the distant solar system and find that it contains an Earth-like planet, which they christen Soror (Latin for sister), "because of its resemblance to our Earth." They land on the planet and discover that they can breathe the air, drink the water, and eat the local vegetation. They soon encounter other human beings on the planet, although these others act as primitive as chimpanzees and destroy the clothing of the three astronauts. They live with the primitive humans for a few days, hoping to civilize them and learn their language. For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Type species Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775 distribution of Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzee, often shortened to chimp, is the common name for the two extant species in the genus Pan. ...


At the end of this time, they are startled to see a hunting party in the forest, consisting of gorillas, orangutans, and chimpanzees using guns and machines. The apes wear human clothing identical to that of 20th century Earth, with the exception that they wear gloves instead of shoes on their prehensile feet. The hunting party shoots several of the humans for sport, including Levain, and capture others, including Ulysse. Type species Troglodytes gorilla Savage, 1847 distribution of Gorilla Species Gorilla gorilla Gorilla beringei The gorilla, the largest of the living primates, is a ground-dwelling omnivore that inhabits the forests of Africa. ... Type species Simia pygmaeus Linnaeus, 1760 Orangutan distribution Species Pongo pygmaeus Pongo abelii The orangutans are two species of great apes known for their intelligence and their long arms and reddish-brown hair. ... Prehensility is the quality of an organ that has adapted for grasping or holding. ...


Ulysse is taken off to the apes' city, which looks exactly the same as a human city from 20th century Earth, with the exception that some smaller furniture exists for the use of the chimpanzees. While most of the humans captured by the hunting party are sold for manual labor, the protagonist winds up in a research facility which is doing experiments on human intelligence. The apes perform experiments on the humans similar to Pavlov's conditioning experiments on dogs, and Ulysse proves his intelligence by failing to be conditioned, speaking and drawing figures of geometry. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Calabi-Yau manifold Geometry (Greek γεωμετρία; geo = earth, metria = measure) is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size, shape, and relative position of figures and with properties of space. ...


Ulysse is taken in by one of the researchers, Zira, a female chimpanzee, who begins to teach him the apes' language. He learns from her all about the ape planet. Eventually, he is freed from his cage, and meets Zira's fiancé, Cornélius, a respected young scientist. With Cornélius' help, he goes to make a speech in front of the ape President and several representatives, and is given specially tailored clothing. He tours the city and learns about the apes' civilization and history. The apes have a very ancient society, but their origins are lost in time. Their technology and culture have progressed slowly through the centuries because each generation, for the most part, imitates those of the past, considered to be a recognized ape-like characteristic. The society is divided up between the violent gorillas, pedantic and conservative orangutans, and intellectual chimpanzees.


Although Ulysse's chimpanzee patrons Zira and Cornelius are convinced of his sentience, the society's leading orangutan scientists believe that he is faking his understanding of language, because their philosophy will not allow for the possibility of sentient human beings.


Ulysse falls in love with a primitive human female, Nova, whom he had met in the forest at the beginning of his visit to the planet. He impregnates her and this proves that he is the same species as the primitive humans, which lowers his standing in the eyes of many of the apes. However, their derision turns to fear with a discovery in a distant archaealogical dig and analysis of memory in some human brains. Evidence is uncovered which fills in the missing history of the apes. In the distant past, the planet was ruled by human beings, who built a technological society, and enslaved apes to perform their manual labor. Over time the humans became more and more dependent upon the apes, until eventually they became so lazy and degenerate that they were overthrown by their ape servants and fell into the primitive state in which our protagonist found them.


While some of the apes reject this evidence, others take it as a sign that the humans are a threat and must be exterminated--in particular, an old orangutan scientist, Dr. Zaius. Ulysse gets wind of this, and escapes from the planet with his wife and newly-born son, returning to Earth in the professor's spaceship.


Again, the trip takes several centuries, but only a relative time of a few years to the protagonist. Ulysse lands on Earth, over 700 years after he had originally left it, and lands outside the city of Paris. However, once outside the ship, he discovers that Earth is now ruled by sentient apes just like the planet from which he has just fled (this is where his story on paper ends). He immediately blasts his ship off into space once more, writes his story, places it in a bottle, and launches it into space for someone to find. It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ...


The book concludes by returning to the couple who had found the bottle, who are revealed to be apes themselves. They scoff at the unlikelihood of humans having been advanced enough to build spaceships, and conclude that the story must be someone's idea of a joke.


Other media

This story of a dystopian ape society has been popular in other media as well. Boulle's idea has been made into movies, television series, additional novel adaptations, and a video game.


Films

Planet of the Apes (1968) was a groundbreaking science fiction film based on Boulle's novel, and was directed by Franklin J. Schaffner and starring Charlton Heston. It was the vision of producer Arthur P. Jacobs, who commissioned Rod Serling to write the script, but the final version would be written by Michael Wilson. Jacobs enlisted Heston (who enlisted Schaffner) well before any production deal was made, and Heston's star status was instrumental in gaining support for the film. They gained the support of Mort Abrahams after producing a short film demo which showed that the makeups (initially created by Ben Nye, Sr., not to be confused with the design perfected by John Chambers for the actual film) could be convincing enough to not appear funny, as most "monkey suits" up to that time had. In the English-language films, the apes are insulted when called "monkeys," but in the original book, no distinction is made because "singes" is the French word for both "apes" and "monkeys". Planet of the Apes is a 1968 science fiction film about an astronaut (Charlton Heston) who finds himself stranded on an Earth-like planet two thousand years in the future. ... Franklin James Schaffner (May 30, 1920 - July 2, 1989) was an American film director. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Arthur Jacobs was a twentieth century film producer responsible for numerous classic films of the 1960s and 1970s, including the Planet of the Apes series, Dr. Doolittle, Goodbye, Mr. ... Rodman Edward Rod Serling (December 25, 1924 – June 28, 1975) was an American screenwriter, most famous for his science fiction anthology television series, The Twilight Zone. ... For other persons named Michael Wilson, see Michael Wilson (disambiguation). ... John Chambers (b. ...


There were four sequels to Schaffner's film, creating a pentalogy, which substantially deviate from the story in Boulle's book: This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A pentalogy is a series of five related works of art, a lesser-known relative of the words trilogy (three) and tetralogy (four). ...

The 1968 film was reimagined in 2001 - see Planet of the Apes (2001 film). Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), is the first of four sequels to Planet of the Apes (1968), with James Franciscus, Kim Hunter, and Charlton Heston in a supporting role. ... Escape from the Planet of the Apes is a 1971 science fiction film that is the second sequel to the Planet of the Apes movie of 1968, the first sequel being Beneath the Planet of the Apes. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Battle For the Planet of the Apes is a 1973 science fiction film and is the fifth and final entry in the Planet of the Apes series. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the 2001 film. ...


Television series

There were also two television series: A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ...

Planet of the Apes was a short-lived science fiction television series that aired Friday evenings on CBS in 1974. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Return to the Planet of the Apes was a short-lived animated series, by DePatie-Freleng Enterprises, set in the Planet of the Apes universe, originally seen in the 1968 film starring Charlton Heston. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Comics

See Planet of the Apes (comic) The Planet of the Apes comics are tie-ins to the Planet of the Apes universe written by Ian Edginton and published by Dark House. ...


Novels

Original novel

Pierre Boulle (20 February 1912 – 30 January 1994) was a French novelist largely known for two famous works, The Bridge over the River Kwai (1952) and Planet of the Apes (1963). ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Original film adaptations

Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), is the first of four sequels to Planet of the Apes (1968), with James Franciscus, Kim Hunter, and Charlton Heston in a supporting role. ... The first novel, by Michael Avallone, one of dozens of TV tie-ins he would write. ... Escape from the Planet of the Apes is a 1971 science fiction film that is the second sequel to the Planet of the Apes movie of 1968, the first sequel being Beneath the Planet of the Apes. ... Jerry Eugene Pournelle, Ph. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Jakes (born on March 31, 1932) is a writer of fiction. ... Battle For the Planet of the Apes is a 1973 science fiction film and is the fifth and final entry in the Planet of the Apes series. ... David Gerrold, born Jerrold David Friedman (January 24, 1944), is an award-winning science fiction author who started his career in 1966 as a college student by submitting an unsolicited story outline for the television series Star Trek. ...

Film adaptations and prequels to the 2001 version

This article is about the 2001 film. ... William Thomas Quick, aka W. T. Quick, aka Bill Quick, aka Margaret Allan is a science fiction author and conservative blogger. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... William Thomas Quick, aka W. T. Quick, aka Bill Quick, aka Margaret Allan is a science fiction author and conservative blogger. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... William Thomas Quick, aka W. T. Quick, aka Bill Quick, aka Margaret Allan is a science fiction author and conservative blogger. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the 2001 film. ... John Whitmans Career John Whitman is the author of many books and other writings including Zorro, Witchs Curse,and the Star Wars: Galaxy of Fear series. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... John Whitmans Career John Whitman is the author of many books and other writings including Zorro, Witchs Curse,and the Star Wars: Galaxy of Fear series. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... John Whitmans Career John Whitman is the author of many books and other writings including Zorro, Witchs Curse,and the Star Wars: Galaxy of Fear series. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

Graphic novel

The Planet of the Apes comics are tie-ins to the Planet of the Apes universe written by Ian Edginton and published by Dark House. ... Ian Edginton is the co-creator (with DIsraeli) of Scarlet Traces and the War of the Worlds comic. ...

Television series adaptations

  • Planet of the Apes #1 - Man The Fugitive by George Alec Effinger
  • Planet of the Apes #2 - Escape to Tomorrow by George Alec Effinger
  • Planet of the Apes #3 - Journey into Terror by George Alec Effinger
  • Planet of the Apes #4 - Lord of the Apes by George Alec Effinger
  • Return to the Planet of the Apes #1 by William Arrow
  • Return to the Planet of the Apes #2 by William Arrow
  • Return to the Planet of the Apes #3 by William Arrow

Planet of the Apes was a short-lived science fiction television series that aired Friday evenings on CBS in 1974. ... George Alec Effinger (January 10, 1947–April 27, 2002) was an American science fiction author, born in Cleveland, Ohio. ... George Alec Effinger (January 10, 1947–April 27, 2002) was an American science fiction author, born in Cleveland, Ohio. ... George Alec Effinger (January 10, 1947–April 27, 2002) was an American science fiction author, born in Cleveland, Ohio. ... George Alec Effinger (January 10, 1947–April 27, 2002) was an American science fiction author, born in Cleveland, Ohio. ...

Video Game

  • A "Planet of the Apes" PC game was released by Ubi Soft in 2001, but did not gain much popularity due to poor graphics, repetitive and simple gameplay, and lack of promotion. The game revolves around the struggle of main character Ulysses to find a way to protect the fate of the remaining humans. In this game world, all humans speak and ape technology is much more advanced than that of the "Planet of the Apes" films (computers, laser guns, etc.)
  • In 2001, a "Planet of the Apes" video game developed by Torus Games and published by Ubi Soft for Game Boy Advance.
  • In 2001, a "Planet of the Apes" video game developed by Torus Games and published by Ubi Soft for Game Boy Color.
  • In 2002, a "Planet of the Apes" video game developed by Visiware and published by Ubi Soft for Sony Playstation.
  • A "Planet of the Apes" video game was canceled for Sega Dreamcast.
  • A "Planet of the Apes" game was planned and wrote for the Atari 2600 but was cancelled because of the 1983 game crash.

Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer headquarted in Montreuil-sous-Bois, France. ... Torus Games company logo. ... Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer headquarted in Montreuil-sous-Bois, France. ... Torus Games company logo. ... Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer headquarted in Montreuil-sous-Bois, France. ... Visiware, S.A. is one of the leading interactive television agencies in North America and Europe. ... Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer headquarted in Montreuil-sous-Bois, France. ...

Other references

  • A Fish Called Selma, an episode of The Simpsons featured Troy McClure as the lead in a stage musical Stop the Planet of the Apes I Want to Get Off based on Planet of the Apes. The musical featured such hit showstopper songs as Dr. Zaius and You'll Never Make a Monkey Out of Me with the lyrics "I Hate Every Ape I See, from Chim-pan-A to Chim-pan-ZEE".
  • Many toy tie-ins to the 1974 television series were produced, such as toy weapons and playsets.

A Fish Called Selma is an episode of The Simpsons from season seven. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Troy McClure is a recurring fictional character in the animated television series The Simpsons, who was voiced by Phil Hartman, and first appeared in the episode Homer vs. ... Look up Stage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The art of singing and dancing in a prepared fictional play has been a time-honored tradition ranging to the early days of civilization. ... In software development, a showstopper is a computer bug which prevents a project from going forward, as opposed to a minor bug which can be documented and coped with. ... A tie-in is an authorized product that is based on an existing or upcoming media property, such as a movie or video/DVD, computer game, video game, television program/television series, board game, web site, role-playing game or literary property. ... Toy weapons are toys that mimic real weapons, but are designed to be fun for children to play with and less dangerous. ... Playsets are themed collections of similar toys designed to work together to enact some action or event. ...

See also

A twist ending or surprise ending is an unexpected conclusion or climax to a work of fiction, which may contain an irony, or cause the audience to reevaluate the rest of the story. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Planet of the Apes (1968 film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2295 words)
Planet of the Apes is a 1968 science fiction film in which an astronaut finds himself more than 2,000 years in the future stranded on an Earth-like planet, in which humans are enslaved by apes.
Conquest of the Planet of the Apes (1972)
Conquest of the Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1525 words)
Planet of the Apes is a novel by Pierre Boulle, originally published in 1963 in French as La Planète des Singes.
Planet of the Apes (1968) was a groundbreaking science fiction film based on Boulle's novel, and was directed by Franklin J. Schaffner and starring Charlton Heston.
Planet of The Apes by Pierre Boulle 1968
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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