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Encyclopedia > Plains Indian

The Plains Indians were a group of tribes who lived in a region of North America called the Great Plains. The Great Plains extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains, and from the north border of Iowa to halfway through Alberta. The main tribes composing the Plains Indians were Dakota, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Sioux and Comanche. The Great Plains states. ... Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge Saint Louis¹: 5,500 m³/s Vicksburg²: 16,800 m³/s Baton Rouge³: 12,800 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin  Lake Itasca Mouth  Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ... Rocky Mountain National Park (photo courtesy of NPS) The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... State nickname: The Hawkeye State Other U.S. States Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Governor Thomas Vilsack (D) Official languages English Area 145,743 km² (26th)  - Land 144,701 km²  - Water 1,042 km² (0. ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Strong and free) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Area 661,848 km² (6th)  - Land 642,317 km²  - Water 19,531 km² (2. ... Dakota may refer to: A group of Amerindian tribes (see Lakota or Sioux), or lands named after them: The related tribes in Minnesota known as Dakota Oyate (Nation), or Santees, meaning allies, including the Prairie Island (Mdewakanton and Wahpekute) Indian Community, the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community, the Lower Sioux... Bear Bull Blackfoot Confederacy is a name applied to four Native American tribes in the Northwestern Plains. ... Cheyenne lodges with buffalo meat drying, 1870 The Cheyenne are a Native American nation of the Great Plains, closely allied with the Arapaho and loosely allied with the Lakota (Sioux). ... Alternative meaning: Lakota, Côte dIvoire is a département of Côte dIvoire. ... The Comanche Nation is a Native American group of approximately 10,000 members, about half of whom live in Oklahoma and the remainder concentrated in Texas, California, and New Mexico. ...

Contents


Geology & Culture

These tribes survived on hunting. The American Bison or (Buffalo) was the primarily hunted animal. These tribes kept moving following the migration of the buffaloes. Buffaloes were used for all the basic needs; food, clothing and shelter. The Plains Indians used tipis covered in animal skin and easily disassembled to follow game animals. The Plains tribes had adopted a horse culture beginning in the 17th century when escaped Spanish horses were obtained by the tribes. Hunting is, in its most general sense, the pursuit of a target. ... Binomial name Bison bison Linnaeus, 1758 The American Bison (Bison bison), also called Buffalo, is a bovine mammal that is the largest terrestrial mammal in North America. ... Tipis painted by George Catlin A tipi, (also teepee or tepee), is a conical tent originally made of skins and popularised by the native American Indians of the Great Plains. ... The term Horse culture is used to define a tribal group or community whose day to day life revolves around the herding and breeding of horses. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the seven modern species of the genus Equus. ...


Religion

The Plain Indians religion is very interesting.


Synopsis

Great Plains legends featured Buffalo Spirits and the Earth Mother. Men belonged to ritual societies that offered camaraderie, a focus for public duties, and a forum to organize war ans hunting parties. Most tribes had a concept of a vaguely-defined but omnipresent supernatural power that manifestied itself in all aspects of the world. Powerful beings communicated through dreams and vision, and the individual vision quest was an important part of life. This involved seeking a spirit guide or seeing an intended purpose to the future and required the performance of certain rituals, such as fasting, or the sonstruction of a sacred space. In some tribes, from northern Mexico, the vision quest was achieved with the use of certain narcotic or physhedelic drugs. Medicine bundles provided portable shrines of venerated items or relics for personal interaction with spirits.


Analysis

The Plains Indians believed in supernatural spirits and that these spirits controlled everything in their world including themselves, the animals as well as the stones. They did a religious "Sun Dance", which were annual ceremonies (usually in the summer) of fasting, dancing, and self-torture. They would try to stare at the sun for as long as possible and some performed sacrificial rituals like skewering themselves with wooden skewers attached to ropes, then lean their weight against the ropes until the skewers pulled through the skin. These sun dances were later outlawed because the government saw it as a sign of paganism and Indian solidarity. As well as the sun dance they also performed one called the "Ghost dance" in which they would dance and try to contact the spirits of the earth and thier lost ancestors. Though perhaps not a Sun Dance, John White depicted a Native American dance he witnessed in the 1500s. ... Within a Christian context, Paganism (from Latin paganus) and Heathenry are a catch-all terms which has come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion (as opposed to a revealed religion based on a revealed text). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Plains Indians (308 words)
The Plains Indians lived in the area from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and from Canada to Mexico.
The plains area was hotter than 100 degrees in the summer, and could drop to 40 degrees below zero with heavy snows in the winter.
Few Indians lived on the Great Plains before white men brought the horse in the 1600’s.
Plains Indians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1237 words)
The Plains Indians were the Native American tribes who lived in the Great Plains region of North America.
The Plains tribes adopted a horse culture beginning in the 17th century when escaped Spanish horses were obtained.
With horses, the Indians could simply stampede and overtake the bison with their speed, and many bison were slaughtered at point-blank range from horseback.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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