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Encyclopedia > Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru — The Party of Wales
Leader Ieuan Wyn Jones AM
Founded August 5, 1925
Headquarters 18 Park Grove,
Cardiff, CF10 3BN
Wales
Political Ideology Welsh Independence
Welsh nationalism
Social democracy
Political Position Centre-left
International Affiliation none
European Affiliation European Free Alliance
European Parliament Group Greens-EFA
Colours Yellow
Website www.plaidcymru.org
See also Politics of the UK

Political parties
Elections Image File history File links Plaid_Cymru_2006logo. ... Ieuan Wyn Jones (born 22 May 1949) is leader of Plaid Cymru, Deputy First Minister in the Welsh Assembly Government and Member of the National Assembly for Wales for the Ynys Môn constituency. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... Welsh independence is an ideal advocated by certain political movements within the Welsh electorate that would like Wales to secede from the United Kingdom and become a sovereign independent state, repealing the Acts of Union between England and Wales in 1536 and 1543. ... Welsh nationalism is a popular political and cultural movement that emerged during the nineteenth-century. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the... Yellow is the color of light whose wavelength is between 565nm and 590nm, or is a mixture of red and green light that appears to be the same color. ... Politics of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland take place in the framework of a constitutional monarchy in which the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government. ... This is a list of political parties in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom has five distinct types of elections: general, local, regional, European and mayoral. ...

Plaid Cymru (IPA:/plaɪd ˈkəmri/; English: The Party of Wales; often referred to simply as Plaid) is a political party in Wales. It advocates the establishment of an independent Welsh state within the European Union. Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... This article is about the country. ...


Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and won its first seat in 1966. Plaid Cymru has 1 of 4 Welsh seats in the European Parliament, 3 of 40 Welsh seats in the UK Parliament, 15 of 60 seats in the National Assembly for Wales, where it forms part of a coalition government with Labour, and control of 1 of 22 Welsh local authorities. According to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission for the year of 2004, the party has an income and expenditure of about £500,000 [1]. Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... Type Unicameral Presiding Officer Dafydd Elis-Thomas Members 60 Political groups Labour Plaid Cymru Conservative Liberal Democrats Last elections May 3, 2007 Meeting place Senedd, Cardiff, Wales Web site http://www. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... For local government purposes, Wales is divided into 22 unitary authorities. ... The Electorial Commission is an independent body with powers in the United Kingdom, which was created by an Act of Parliament, the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. ... “GBP” redirects here. ...

Contents

Aims of the Party

Plaid Cymru has five stated aims.[2]

  1. To promote the constitutional advancement of Wales with a view to attaining Full National Status for Wales within the European Union.
  2. To ensure economic prosperity, social justice and the health of the natural environment, based on decentralist socialism.
  3. To build a national community based on equal citizenship, respect for different traditions and cultures and the equal worth of all individuals, whatever their race, nationality, gender, colour, creed, sexuality, age, ability or social background.
  4. To create a bilingual society by promoting the revival of the Welsh language.
  5. To promote Wales's contribution to the global community and to attain membership of the United Nations.

Independence is the self-government of a nation, country, or state by its residents and population, generally exercising sovereignty. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ...

History

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Saunders Lewis (John Saunders Lewis), (October 15, 1893 - September 1, 1985), was a Welsh poet, dramatist, historian, literary critic and political activist. ...

Beginnings

While both the Labour and Liberal parties of the early 20th century had accommodated demands for Welsh Home Rule, no political party existed for the purposes of establishing a Welsh Government. Plaid Genedlaethol Cymru (Welsh: National Party of Wales) was formed on 5 August 1925, by members of Byddin Ymreolwyr Cymru (The Welsh Home Rule Army) and Y Mudiad Cymreig (The Welsh Movement). Initially, home rule for Wales was not an explicit aim of the new movement; keeping Wales Welsh-speaking took primacy, with the aim of making Welsh the only official language of Wales.[3] The Wales Labour Party, also known as Welsh Labour, is the part of the Labour Party which operates in Wales. ... This article is about the historic Liberal Party. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Nevertheless, at the General Election of 1929 the party contested its first Parliamentary constituency in Caernarfonshire, polling 609 votes, or 1.6% of the vote for that seat. The party would contest few such elections in its early years, a product partly of its early ambivalence towards participating in Westminster politics. Indeed the candidate Lewis Valentine, the party’s first President, offered himself in Caernarfonshire on a platform of demonstrating Welsh people's rejection of English dominion.[4] Lewis Valentine (1893-1986) was a Baptist pastor, author, editor and political activist. ...


1930s

By 1932 the aims of self-government and Welsh representation at the League of Nations had been added to that of preserving Welsh language and culture. However this move, and the party's early attempts to develop an economic critique, did not lead to the broadening of its appeal beyond that of an intellectual and socially conservative Welsh language pressure group.[5] While Plaid Cymru did not espouse fascist or anti-semitic policies, the alleged sympathetic views of its leading members (including President Saunders Lewis) towards Europe's totalitarian regimes compromised its early appeal further[6] Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Saunders Lewis (John Saunders Lewis), (October 15, 1893 - September 1, 1985), was a Welsh poet, dramatist, historian, literary critic and political activist. ...


In 1936 Lewis, D. J. Williams and Lewis Valentine attacked and set fire to the newly constructed RAF Penyberth air base on the Llyn peninsula in Gwynedd in protest at its siting in the Welsh-speaking heartland. The leaders’ treatment, including the trial judge's dismissal of the use of Welsh and their subsequent imprisonment in Wormwood Scrubs became a cause celebre, heightening the profile of the party dramatically and seeing its membership double to nearly 2,000 by 1939 .[7] D. J. Williams (David John Williams) (1885–1970) was one of the foremost Welsh-language writers of the twentieth-century. ... Penyberth was a farmhouse at Penrhos, near Pwllheli, Gwynedd, which had been the home to generations of patrons of poets, but destroyed in 1936 in order to build a training camp and aerodrome for the RAF. The training camp, known to opponents as the bombing school (Welsh: yr ysgol fomio... Gwynedd is an administrative county in Wales, named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd. ... Entrance to Wormwood Scrubs prison Wormwood Scrubs is a British local prison, located on the south of Wormwood Scrubs in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. ...


1940s

Penyberth, and Plaid Cymru’s pacifistic stance during the Second World War prompted concerns within the UK Government that it might be used by Germany to insert spies or carry out other covert operations.[8] In fact, the party adopted a neutral standpoint and urged (with only limited success) conscientious objection to war service. [9] Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


In 1943 Saunders Lewis contested the University of Wales Parliamentary seat at a by-election, gaining 1,330 votes, or 22%. At the 1945 General Election, with party membership at around 2,500 Plaid Cymru contested 7 seats, as many as it had in the preceding 20 years, including constituencies in south Wales for the first time. At this time Gwynfor Evans was elected President. Saunders Lewis (John Saunders Lewis), (October 15, 1893 - September 1, 1985), was a Welsh poet, dramatist, historian, literary critic and political activist. ... Clement Attlee Winston Churchill The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 held on 5 July 1945 but not counted and declared until 26 July 1945 (due to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas) was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th... Richard Gwynfor Evans (1 September 1912 – April 21, 2005), was a Welsh politician and the first Member of Parliament to represent Plaid Cymru at Westminster (1966-1970; 1974-1979). ...


1950s

Gwynfor Evans’ Presidency coincided with the maturation of Plaid Cymru (as it began to refer to itself at this time) into a more recognisable political party. Its share of the vote increased from 0.7% in the 1951 General Election, to 3.1% in 1955 and 5.2% in 1959. At this latter General Election, the party contested a majority of Welsh seats for the first time. Proposals to drown the village of Capel Celyn in the Tryweryn valley in Gwynedd in 1957 to supply the city of Liverpool with water played a part in Plaid Cymru's growth. The fact that the Parliamentary bill authorising the drowning went through without support from any Welsh MPs seemed to underline the party's argument that the Welsh national community was powerless.[10] The 1951 election was held soon after the UK general election, 1950, which Labour won, but with an unworkable majority. ... The 1955 United Kingdom general election was held on May 26, 1955, four years after the previous general election. ... The 1955 United Kingdom general election was held on May 26, 1955, four years after the previous general election. ... Capel Celyn was a rural community to the North West of Bala in North Wales, in the Tryweryn Valley. ... The Tryweryn is a river in North Wales. ... Gwynedd is an administrative county in Wales, named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd. ... Location within England Coordinates: , Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region North West England Ceremonial county Historic county Merseyside Lancashire Admin HQ Liverpool City Centre Founded 1207 City Status 1880 Government  - Type Metropolitan borough, City  - Governing body Liverpool City Council Area  - Borough & City 43. ...


1960s

Support for the party declined slightly in the early 1960s, particularly as support for the Liberal Party began to stabilise from its long-term decline. In 1962 Saunders Lewis gave a radio talk entitled Tynged yr Iaith (The fate of the language) in which he predicted the extinction of the Welsh language unless action was taken. This led to the formation of Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (the Welsh Language Society) the same year.[11] Tafod y Ddraig (the Dragons Tongue), the society logo Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (the Welsh Language Society, often abbreviated to Cymdeithas or Cymdeithas yr Iaith) is a pressure group in Wales campaigning for the future of the Welsh language. ...


Labour’s return to power in 1964 and the creation of the post of Secretary of State for Wales appeared to represent a continuation of the incremental evolution of a distinctive Welsh polity, following the Conservative Party government's appointment of a Minister of Welsh Affairs in the mid 1950s and the establishment of Cardiff as Wales’s capital in 1955 . The Secretary of State for Wales is the head of the Wales Office within the United Kingdom cabinet. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Cardiff (English:  , Welsh: ) is the capital, largest and core city of Wales. ...


However, in 1966, less than four months after coming third in the constituency of Carmarthen, Gwynfor Evans sensationally captured the seat from Labour at a by-election. This was followed by two further by-elections in Rhondda West in 1967 and Caerphilly in 1968 in which the party achieved massive swings of 30% and 40% respectively, coming within a whisker of victory. The results were caused partly by an anti-Labour backlash. Expectations in coal mining communities that the Wilson government would halt the long-term decline in their industry had been dashed by a significant downward revision of coal production estimates.[12] However - in Carmarthen particularly - Plaid Cymru also successfully depicted Labour's policies as a threat to the viability of small Welsh communities. [13] Carmarthen West and South Pembrokeshire (Gorllewin Caerfyrddin a De Sir Benfro in Welsh) is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Rhondda West was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Rhondda district of South Wales. ... Caerphilly is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was one of the most prominent British politicians of the 20th century. ...


1970s

In the 1970 General Election Plaid Cymru contested every seat in Wales for the first time and its vote share surged from 4.5% in 1966 to 11.5%. Gwynfor Evans, however, lost Carmarthen to Labour, lost again by three votes in February 1974, but regained the seat in October 1974, by which time the party had gained a further two MPs, representing the constituencies of Caernarfon and Merionethshire. The United Kingdom general election of 1970 was held on June 18, 1970, and resulted in a surprise loss of power for Labour under Harold Wilson, who was replaced as Prime Minister by the Conservative leader, Edward Heath. ... The UK general election of February 1974 was held on February 28, 1974. ... Harold Wilson Edward Heath The United Kingdom general election of October 1974 took place on 10 October 1974. ... Caernarfon (the original Welsh spelling is now almost always used in preference to the anglicised forms, Caernarvon or Carnarvon) is a royal town in north-west Wales. ... Merionethshire (Meirionnydd in Welsh) is a traditional county of Wales. ...


Plaid Cymru’s emergence (along with the Scottish National Party) prompted the Wilson government to establish the Kilbrandon Commission on the constitution. The subsequent proposals for a Welsh Assembly were, however, heavily defeated in a referendum in 1979. Despite Plaid Cymru's ambivalence toward home rule (as opposed to outright independence) the referendum result led many in the party to question its direction.[14] The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was one of the most prominent British politicians of the 20th century. ... The Royal Commission on the Constitution, also referred to as the Kilbrandon Commission (initially the Crowther Commission) or Kilbrandon Report, was a long-running royal commission set up by Harold Wilsons Labour government to examine the structures of the constitution of the United Kingdom and the British Islands and... In a referendum on St Davids Day (March 1) 1979, the people of Wales voted against proposals by the Labour government of the United Kingdom to establish a Welsh Assembly. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


At the 1979 General Election the party’s vote share declined from 10.8% to 8.1% and Carmarthen was again lost to Labour. The United Kingdom general election of 1979 was held on 3 May 1979 and is regarded as a pivotal point in 20th century British politics. ...


1980s

Caernarfon MP, Dafydd Wigley succeeded Gwynfor Evans as President in succession in 1981, inheriting a party whose morale was at an all-time low. In 1981 the party adopted "community socialism" as a constitutional aim. While the party embarked on a wide-ranging review of its priorities and goals, Gwynfor Evans fought a successful campaign (including the threat of a hunger strike) to oblige the Conservative Government to fulfil its promise to establish S4C, a Welsh medium TV service.[15] In 1984 Dafydd Elis-Thomas was elected President, defeating Dafydd Iwan, a move that saw the party shift to the left. Ieuan Wyn Jones (now Plaid Cymru leader) captured Ynys Mon from the Conservatives in 1987. In 1989 Dafydd Wigley once again assumed the Presidency. Dafydd Wigley The Right Honourable Dafydd Wigley (born April 1, 1943) is a Welsh politician. ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru, which is Welsh for Channel Four Wales) is a television channel in Wales. ... Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Baron Elis-Thomas of Nant Conwy, AM, is a UK politician from Wales. ... Dafydd Iwan (born August 24, 1943) is the president of Plaid Cymru -- The Party of Wales. ... Ieuan Wyn Jones (born 22 May 1949) is leader of Plaid Cymru, Deputy First Minister in the Welsh Assembly Government and Member of the National Assembly for Wales for the Ynys Môn constituency. ... Ynys Môn (until 1983 formally called by its English language name Anglesey) is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Margaret Thatcher David Steel Election 1987 Titles The United Kingdom general election of 1987 was held on 11 June 1987 and was the third consecutive victory for the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher. ...


1990s

In the 1992 General Election, the party added a fourth MP, Cynog Dafis, on a Plaid-Green Party ticket, gaining Ceredigion and Pembroke North from the Liberal Democrats. The party’s vote share recovered to 9.9% by the 1997 General Election. The United Kingdom general election of 1992 was held on 9 April 1992. ... Ceredigion is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... The UK general election, 1997 was held on 1 May 1997. ...


In 1997 following the election of a Labour government committed to devolution for Wales a further referendum was narrowly won, establishing the National Assembly for Wales. Plaid Cymru became the main opposition to the ruling Labour Party, with 17 seats to Labour's 29. In so doing it appeared to have broken out of its rural Welsh-speaking heartland, and captured traditionally strong Labour areas in industrial south Wales. A map showing the result of the referendum by unitary authority. ... Type Unicameral Presiding Officer Dafydd Elis-Thomas Members 60 Political groups Labour Plaid Cymru Conservative Liberal Democrats Last elections May 3, 2007 Meeting place Senedd, Cardiff, Wales Web site http://www. ... Approximate extent of South East Wales. ...


Plaid Cymru in the Assembly era

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 460 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (691 × 900 pixel, file size: 198 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Plaid Cymru Dafydd Wigley Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 460 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (691 × 900 pixel, file size: 198 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Plaid Cymru Dafydd Wigley Metadata This... Dafydd Wigley The Right Honourable Dafydd Wigley (born April 1, 1943) is a Welsh politician. ...

First Welsh Assembly, 1999-2003

In the 1999 election Plaid Cymru gained seats in traditionally-Labour areas such as in the Rhondda, Islwyn and Llanelli and achieving by far their highest share of the vote in any Wales-wide election. While Plaid Cymru regarded themselves as the natural beneficiary of devolution, others attributed their performance in large part to the travails of the Labour Party, whose nomination for Assembly First Secretary, Ron Davies, was forced to stand down in an alleged sex scandal. The ensuing leadership battle did much to damage Labour, and thus aid Plaid Cymru whose leader, by contrast, was the more popular and higher profile Dafydd Wigley. The UK Labour national leadership was seen to interfere in the contest and deny the popular Rhodri Morgan victory.{[fact} Less than two months later, with a further slump in Labour support, Plaid Cymru came within 2.5 percentage points of gaining the largest vote share in Wales. Under the new system of elections, the party also gained two MEPs. First-Past-the-Post results Additional Members System Results ... Rhondda is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. ... Islwyn is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. ... Llanelli is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. ... The First Minister for Wales is the leader of Wales and of the Welsh Assembly Government, Waless devolved administration. ... Ron Davies Ronald Davies (born 6 August 1946) is a Welsh politician, former Secretary of State for Wales, former Member of Parliament and former member of the Welsh Assembly. ... A sex scandal is a scandal involving allegations or information about embarrassing sexual activities, such as adultery, being made public. ... Dafydd Wigley The Right Honourable Dafydd Wigley (born April 1, 1943) is a Welsh politician. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Rhodri Morgan, pictured while on an eve of poll visit during the National Assembly of Wales election in 2003. ...


Plaid Cymru then developed political problems of their own. Dafydd Wigley resigned, citing health problems but amid rumours of a plot against him [16]. His successor, Ieuan Wyn Jones, struggled to impose his authority, particularly over controversial remarks made by a senior councillor, Seimon Glyn[17]. At the same time Alun Michael was replaced by Rhodri Morgan. Ieuan Wyn Jones (born 22 May 1949) is leader of Plaid Cymru, Deputy First Minister in the Welsh Assembly Government and Member of the National Assembly for Wales for the Ynys Môn constituency. ...


In the 2001 General Election, Plaid Cymru lost Wyn Jones' old seat of Ynys Môn to Albert Owen, but gained Carmarthen East and Dinefwr, electing Adam Price. Despite this, they recorded their highest ever vote share in a General Election of 14.3% Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed the quiet landslide by the media. ... Ynys Môn is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Albert Owen (born 10 August 1959) is a Welsh politician, and member of Parliament for Ynys Mon for the Labour Party. ... Carmathen East and Dinefwr (Dwyrain Caerfyrddin a Dinefwr in Welsh) is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Adam Robert Price (born September 23, 1968, Carmarthen) is a politician in Wales, and Plaid Cymru Member of Parliament for Carmarthen East and Dinefwr. ...


Second Welsh Assembly, 2003-2007

The Assembly elections of May 2003 saw the party's representation drop from 17 to 12, with the gains of the 1999 election falling again to Labour and the party's share of the vote declining to 21%. Plaid Cymru narrowly remained the second-largest party in the National Assembly ahead of the Conservatives, Liberal Democrats and Forward Wales. The second election to the Welsh Assembly was held on May 1, 2003. ...


On 15 September 2003 folk-singer and county councillor Dafydd Iwan was elected Plaid Cymru's new President. Ieuan Wyn Jones, who had resigned from his dual role as President and Assembly group leader following the losses in the 2003 Assembly election, was re-elected in the latter role. Elfyn Llwyd remained the Plaid Cymru leader in the Westminster Parliament. Under Iwan's Presidency the party formally adopted a policy of independence for Wales in Europe. is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... Dafydd Iwan (born August 24, 1943) is the president of Plaid Cymru -- The Party of Wales. ... Elfyn Llwyd (born September 26, 1951, as Elfyn Hughes) is a Welsh politician, Member of Parliament for Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, and parliamentary (but not national) leader of Plaid Cymru. ...


The 2004 local election saw the party lose control of the two south Wales councils it gained in 1999, Rhondda Cynon Taff and Caerphilly, while retaining its stronghold of Gwynedd in the north west. However, the results led the party to claim a greater number of ethnic minority councillors than all the other political parties in Wales combined[18], along with individual ward gains in authorities such as Cardiff and Swansea, where Plaid Cymru represenation had been minimal. In the European Parliamentary elections of the same year, the party's vote share fell to 17.4%, and the reduction in the number of Welsh MEPs saw its representation reduced to one. Rhondda Cynon Taff (Welsh: Rhondda Cynon T f) is a county borough in Glamorgan, South Wales. ... Liam is a legend and lives in trecenydd Caerphilly (Welsh: Caerffili) is a town in South Wales, located at the bottom of the Rhymney Valley, with a population of approximately 31,000. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ...


In the General Election of May 5, 2005, Plaid Cymru lost the Ceredigion seat to the Liberal Democrats, the result was a disappointment to Plaid, who had hoped to gain Ynys Môn. Overall therefore, the party's Parliamentary representation fell to three seats, the lowest level for Plaid Cymru since 1992. The party's share of the vote fell to 12.6%.[19] It has been suggested that Marginal constituencies in the United Kingdom be merged into this article or section. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ceredigion is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... Ynys Môn is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


In 2006, the party voted constitutional changes to formally designate the party's leader in the assembly as its overall leader, with Ieuan Wyn Jones being restored to the full leadership and Dafydd Iwan becoming head of the voluntary wing of the party. 2006 also saw the party unveil a radical change of image, opting to use "Plaid" as the party's name, although "Plaid Cymru - The Party of Wales" would remain the official title. The party's colours were changed to yellow from the traditional green and red, while the party logo was changed from the 'triban' (three peaks) used since 1933 to a yellow Welsh poppy (Meconopsis cambrica). Ieuan Wyn Jones (born 22 May 1949) is leader of Plaid Cymru, Deputy First Minister in the Welsh Assembly Government and Member of the National Assembly for Wales for the Ynys Môn constituency. ... Dafydd Iwan (born August 24, 1943) is the president of Plaid Cymru -- The Party of Wales. ... Binomial name Meconopsis cambrica (L.) Vig. ...

Old logo (above) and new logo (below)
Old logo (above) and new logo (below)

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Third Welsh Assembly, 2007-

In the Welsh Assembly election of May 3, 2007, Plaid Cymru increased its number of seats from 12 to 15, regaining Llanelli, gaining one additional list seat and winning the newly created constituency of Aberconwy The 2007 election also saw Plaid Cymru's Mohammad Asghar become the first ethnic minority candidate elected to the Welsh Assembly.[20] The Party's share of the vote increased to 22.4%. The 2007 National Assembly election was the third general election to the National Assembly for Wales and took place on Thursday 3 May, the same day as local elections in England and Scotland, and the Scottish Parliament election. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Llanelli is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. ... Aberconwy will be a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales, created for the 2007 Assembly election. ... Mohammad Asghar (born 1945) is a Welsh politician. ...


After weeks of negotiations involving all four parties in the Assembly, Plaid Cymru and Labour agreed to form a coalition government. Their agreed "One Wales" programme included a commitment for both parties to campaign for a 'Yes' vote in a referendum on full-law making powers for the Assembly, to be held at a time of the Welsh Assembly Government's choosing[21]. Ieuan Wyn Jones was subsequently confirmed as Depuy First Minister of Wales [22] and Economy and Transport Minister. His Deputy, Rhodri Glyn Thomas was appointed Heritage Minister with Ceredigion AM Elin Jones appointed to the Rural Affairs brief in the new 10 member Cabinet. One Wales (Welsh: Un Cymru IPA: /ɨn ˈkəmrɨ/) is the name of the coalition agreement for the Welsh Assembly between the Welsh Labour Party and Plaid Cymru agreed to by Rhodri Morgan, Welsh First Minister and leader of Welsh Labour, and Ieuan Wyn Jones, leader of Plaid Cymru, on... The First Minister of Wales is the leader of Wales and of the Welsh Assembly Government, Waless devolved administration. ... Rhodri Glyn Thomas AM was born in 1953 at Wrexham, Clwyd, north Wales. ... Elin Jones Elin Jones is a Plaid Cymru politician. ...


Electoral performance

European Parliament Elections

Year Percentage of vote in Wales Seats won
1979 11.7% 0 (of 4)
1984 12.2% 0 (of 4)
1989 12.9% 0 (of 4)
1994 17.1% 0 (of 5)
1999 29.6% 2 (of 5)
2004 17.1% 1 (of 4)

The European Parliament Election, 1979 was the first European election to be held in the United Kingdom after the European Community decided to directly elect representatives to the European Parliament. ... The European Parliament Election, 1984 was the second European election to be held in the United Kingdom. ... The European Parliament Election, 1989 was the third European election to be held in the United Kingdom. ... The European Parliament Election, 1994 was the fourth European election to be held in the United Kingdom. ... The European Parliament Election, 1999 was the UK part of the European Parliament election 1999. ... The European Parliament election, 2004 was the UK part of the European Parliament election, 2004. ...

UK General Elections

Year Percentage of vote in Wales Seats won
1929 < 0.1% 0 (of 36)
1931 0.2% 0 (of 36)
1935 0.3% 0 (of 36)
1945 1.2% 0 (of 36)
1950 1.2% 0 (of 36)
1951 0.7% 0 (of 36)
1955 3.1% 0 (of 36)
1959 5.2% 0 (of 36)
1964 4.8% 0 (of 36)
1966 4.3% 0 (of 36)
1970 11.5% 0 (of 36)
1974 (Feb) 10.8% 2 (of 36)
1974 (Oct) 10.8% 3 (of 36)
1979 8.1% 2 (of 36)
1983 7.8% 2 (of 38)
1987 7.3% 3 (of 38)
1992* 9% 4 (of 38)
1997 9.9% 4 (of 40)
2001 14.3% 4 (of 40)
2005 12.6% 3 (of 40)
  • One seat contested on a joint Plaid Cymru/Green Party ticket

The 1929 UK general election was held on 30th May 1929, and resulted in a hung parliament. ... The UK general election on Tuesday 27 October 1931 was the last in the United Kingdom not held on a Thursday. ... Stanley Baldwin Clement Attlee The UK general election held on 14th November 1935 resulted in a large, though reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin. ... Clement Attlee Winston Churchill The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 held on 5 July 1945 but not counted and declared until 26 July 1945 (due to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas) was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th... The United Kingdom general election in 1950 was the first general election ever after a full term of a Labour government. ... The 1951 election was held soon after the UK general election, 1950, which Labour won, but with an unworkable majority. ... The 1955 United Kingdom general election was held on May 26, 1955, four years after the previous general election. ... This United Kingdom general election was held on October 8, 1959, and marked a third successive victory for the ruling Conservative party, led by Harold MacMillan. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1964 result was a very slim majority for the Labour Party, of 4, and led to their first government since 1951. ... The UK general election in 1966 was called by Harold Wilson because his government, elected in the 1964 election, had an unworkably small majority. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1970 was held on June 18, 1970, and resulted in a surprise loss of power for Labour under Harold Wilson, who was replaced as Prime Minister by the Conservative leader, Edward Heath. ... The UK general election of February 1974 was held on February 28, 1974. ... The UK general election of October 1974 took place on October 10, 1974. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1979 was held on 3 May 1979 and is regarded as a pivotal point in 20th century British politics. ... The UK general election, 1983 was held on June 9, 1983 and gave the Conservatives and Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. ... Margaret Thatcher David Steel Election 1987 Titles The United Kingdom general election of 1987 was held on 11 June 1987 and was the third consecutive victory for the Conservative Party under the leadership of Margaret Thatcher. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1992 was held on 9 April 1992. ... The UK general election, 1997 was held on 1 May 1997. ... Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed the quiet landslide by the media. ... It has been suggested that Marginal constituencies in the United Kingdom be merged into this article or section. ...

Welsh Assembly Elections

Year Percentage of vote (constituency) Percentage of vote (regional) Seats won (constituency) Seats won (regional)
1999 28.4% 30.6% 9 (of 40) 8 (of 20)
2003 21.2% 19.7% 5 (of 40) 7 (of 20)
2007 22.4% 21% 7 (of 40) 8 (of 20)

First-Past-the-Post results Additional Members System Results ... The second election to the Welsh Assembly was held on May 1, 2003. ... The Welsh Assembly Election 2007 will be a general election to the National Assembly for Wales, to take place on Thursday 3 May, 2007. ...

European Free Alliance

Plaid retains close links with the Scottish National Party, with both parties' MPs co-operating closely with one another. They work as a single group within Westminster, and were involved in joint campaigning during the 2005 General Election campaign. Both parties are part of the European Free Alliance group in the European Parliament, a self declared nationalist and regionalist bloc of parties. The EFA works with the European Green Party in order to form a grouping in the in the European Parliament: the Greens - European Free Alliance. The Scottish National Party (SNP) (Scottish Gaelic: is a centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons The Right Honourable Michael Martin MP Lord Speaker Hélène Hayman, Baroness Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups (as of May 5, 2005 elections) Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats... It has been suggested that Marginal constituencies in the United Kingdom be merged into this article or section. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the...


See also

This is a list of Plaid Cymru MPs. ... Politics in Wales forms a distinctive polity in the wider politics of the United Kingdom, with Wales as one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. ... The 2007 National Assembly election was the third general election to the National Assembly for Wales and took place on Thursday 3 May, the same day as local elections in England and Scotland, and the Scottish Parliament election. ...

References

  1. ^ Electoral Commission: 2004 accounts
  2. ^ Our Aims: Plaid Cymru website. Retrieved 08 June 2006.
  3. ^ Butt-Phillip, A, The Welsh Question, (1975), University of Wales Press
  4. ^ McAllister, L, Plaid Cymru: The Emergence of a Political Party, (2001), Seren
  5. ^ McAllister, L, Plaid Cymru: The Emergence of a Political Party, (2001), Seren “The tentative moves towards elaborating and broadening Plaid's policy portfolio did not allow it to shake off its early identity as a language movement or a cultural pressure group." See also Butt-Phillip, A, The Welsh Question, (1975), University of Wales Press. "It is clear that the Welsh Nationalist Party was at the outset essentially intellectual and moral in outlook and socially conservative.
  6. ^ Morgan, K O, Welsh Devolution: the Past and the Future in Scotland and Wales: Nations Again? (Ed. Taylor, B and Thomson, K), (1999), University of Wales Press. Williams, G A When Was Wales?, (1985), Penguin. Davies J, A History of Wales, (1990, rev. 2007), Penguin. Davies, D H, The Welsh Nationalist Party 1925-1945, (1983), St. Martin's Press. Morgan, K O, Rebirth of a Nation, (1981), OUP.
  7. ^ Butt-Phillip, A, The Welsh Question, (1975), University of Wales Press
  8. ^ Inspector Williams the Spy Catcher: South Wales Police Website. Retrieved 29 September 2006.
  9. ^ Davies, J, A History of Wales, (1990, rev. 2007), Penguin "Saunders Lewis...hoped that a substantial number of Welshmen would refuse to be conscripted on the grounds that they were Welsh. He was disappointed by their response."
  10. ^ Davies, J, A History of Wales, (1990, rev. 2007), Penguin
  11. ^ Morgan, K O, Rebirth of a Nation, (1981), OUP
  12. ^ Francis, H and Smith, D, The Fed: A History of the South Wales Miners in the Twentieth Century, (1980), University of Wales
  13. ^ Tanner, D, Facing the New Challenge: Labour and Politics 1970 - 2000 in The Labour Party in Wales 1900-2000 (Ed. Tanner, D, Williams, C and Hopkin, D), (2000), University of Wales Press
  14. ^ McAllister, L, Plaid Cymru: The Emergence of a Political Party, (2001), Seren
  15. ^ - Plaid pioneer Gwynfor Evans dies - BBC
  16. ^ 'Wigley downfall' plot denied, BBC news 14 July 2000
  17. ^ BBC news 4 April 2003 - Moderate with a hard act to follow
  18. ^ Elfyn Llwyd - Plaid Cymru parliamentary leader ePolitix interview, ePolitix, 6 Sep 2006
  19. ^ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/html/region_10.stm Election 2005 results, Wales, BBC News, 1 June 2005, Retrieved 6 February 2007
  20. ^ First ethnic minority AM elected BBC News, 4 May 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
  21. ^ Details of Labour-Plaid agreement 27 July 2007
  22. ^ "Jones confirmed as deputy leader", BBC Wales, 11 July 2007]

BBC Wales (Welsh: ) is a division of the British Broadcasting Corporation for Wales. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Plaid Cymru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1285 words)
Plaid Cymru has 1 of 4 Welsh seats in the European Parliament, 3 of 40 Welsh seats in the UK Parliament, 12 of 60 seats in the National Assembly for Wales, and control of 1 of 22 Welsh local authorities.
Plaid Cymru contested few elections in its early years, preferring to concentrate on the promotion of the Welsh language and its culture, reflecting a split in Welsh nationalism over the question of whether to prioritise the constitutional separation of Wales from the United Kingdom or the promotion of the Welsh language.
Elfyn Llwyd remained the Plaid Cymru leader in the Westminster Parliament.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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