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Encyclopedia > Placidia

Galla Placidia (c.390 - November 27, 450) lived one of the most eventful lives of late antiquity. Daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I and his second wife, Galla, herself daughter of the Emperor Valentinian I, Galla Placidia was half sister of emperors Honorius and Arcadius. Events In response to the murder of his general Butheric, Theodosius I orders a massacre of the inhabitants of Thessalonica. ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to the ruler of the Roman Empire. ... Flavius Theodosius (Cauca [Coca-Segovia], Spain, January 11, 347 - Milan, January 17, 395), also called Theodosius I and Theodosius the Great, was a Roman emperor. ... Medallion of Valentinian I (364-375) Thessalonika, 364-367 Valentinian I (321 - November 17, 375) was a Roman emperor of the Western Roman Empire (364 - 375). ... Bronze coin bearing the profile of Honorius Flavius Augustus Honorius (September 9, 384–August 15, 423) was Emperor of the Western Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ... Flavius Arcadius ( 377/ 378– May 1, 408) was Roman Emperor in the Eastern half of the Roman Empire from 395 until his death. ...

She had spent much time in the household of Stilicho the Vandal and his wife Serena. Stilicho was effectively the military steward of the West, and according to himself also of the East. He was executed by Honorius, however, in 408 apparently with Placidia's consent, or at least lack of objection, causing most of the non-Italians in Roman service to go over to Alaric - who promptly invaded Italy. Flavius Stilicho (c. ... Events Theodosius II succeeds his father Arcadius as Emperor of the Eastern half of the Roman Empire In the summer of this year, the usurper Constantine III captures Spain, destroying the loyalist forces defending it. ... Alaric may refer to: Alaric I, King of the Goths, sacked Rome Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths in Spain This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

In either 409 or 410, during Alaric's siege of Rome, she became the captive of the Visigoths, who kept her with them as they sacked Rome (for three days beginning August 24, 410), then wandered through Italy where Alaric died in the same year, and later Gaul. Alaric, (also known as Alaricus, Alaric the Goth, Alaric, King of the Visigoths and Alaric I) (about AD 370-410), the first Germanic leader to take the city of Rome, was likely born about 370 on an island named Peuce (the Fir) at the mouth of the Danube. ... Location within Italy The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... Events Alaric I deposes Priscus Attalus as Roman Emperor August 24 - Visigoths under Alaric sack Rome for three days Ataulf succeeds his brother-in-law Alaric as king of the Visigoths Emperor Honorius tells Britain to look to its own defenses, effectively ending Roman rule in Britain Beginning of the... Gallia (in English Gaul) is the Latin name for the region of western Europe occupied by present-day France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ...

She married Athaulf, brother of Alaric, and king of the Visigoths after Alaric's death, at Narbo in January 414, although the historian Jordanes states that they married earlier, in 411 at Forum Livii (Forli). Jordanes's date may actually be when she and the Gothic king first became more than captor and captive. She had a son, Theodosius, by the Visigothic king, but he died in infancy, was buried in Barcelona. Years later the corpse was exhumed and reburied in the imperial mausoleum in Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome. Athaulf was mortally wounded by a servant of a Gothic chieftain he had slain, and before dying in the late summer of 415, instructed his brother to return Galla to the Romans. It was the Gothic King Wallia who traded her to the Romans in return for a treaty and supplies early in 416. Ataulf (sometimes spelled Athaulf) was king of the Visigoths from 410 to 415. ... An alternative spelling for Narbonne, a city and commune of southwestern France, in the Aude département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Events Ataulf, king of the Visigoths, marries Galla Placidia, the sister of Roman Emperor Honorius. ... Events The Burgundians elevate Jovinus as Roman Emperor. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous region in northeastern Spain ( 41°23′ N 2°11′ E). ... Interior view, with the nave of the Cattedra in the back St. ... Events The Visigoths leave Spain Wallia becomes king of the Visigoths. ... Wallia was the king of the Visigoths from 415 to 419. ... Events The Visigoths continue their invasion of Spain. ...

Her brother Honorius forced her into marriage to the Roman Constantius in January of 417. They had a son who became Valentinian III, and a rather more strong-willed daughter, Justa Grata Honoria. Constantius became emperor in 421, but died shortly afterwards. Galla herself, the former Augusta, was however forced from the Western empire. Whatever the politics or motivations, the public issue was increasingly scandalous public sexual caresses from her own brother Honorius. She left with her young children to find refuge at Constantinople. After Honorius died in 423, and after the suppression of Joannes despite his ally Aetius' attempt to raise troops to his aid, her son Valentinian was elevated as Emperor in Rome in 425. Constantius III was a late Roman Emperor. ... Events January 1 - Constantius III marries Galla Placidia, sister of Honorius. ... Valentinian III (July 2, 419, Ravenna - March 16, 455, Rome), Western Roman Emperor (424 to 455). ... Justa Grata Honoria was the sister of the western Roman emperor Valentinian III. Coins of her attest that she was granted the title of Augusta. ... Events February 8 - Constantius III becomes Co_Emperor of the Western Roman Empire June 7 - Roman Emperor Theodosius II marries Aelia Eudocia, formerly known as Athenais. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Events On the death of Honorius, the primicerius notariorum Joannes siezes the throne of the Western Roman Empire, and is declared emperor. ... Joannes, Roman Emperor (423 - 425) On the death of the Emperor Honorius (August 27, 423), Theodosius II, the remaining ruler of the House of Theodosius hesitated for some time in announcing his uncles death and in the interregum Honorius patrician at the time of his death, Castinus, elevated Joannes... Flavius Aetius or simply Aetius, (circa 396 - 454), was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire. ... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ...

At first she attempted to rule in her son's name, but as the generals loyal to her one by one either died or defected to Aetius, imperial policy came to rest in his hands by the time he was made patrician. Placidia apparently was the one who made peace with Aetius - he later was pivotal to the defense of the Western Empire against Attila the Hun - who was diverted from his focus on Constantinople towards Italy as his target due to a foolish letter from Placidia's own daughter, Justa Grata Honoria, in spring 450, asking him to rescue her from an unwanted marriage to a senator that the Imperial family, including Placidia, was trying to force on her. Placidia's last notable public act was to convince her brother Valentinian III to exile not kill her for this. She died shortly afterwards at Rome in November 450, and did not live to see Attilla ravage Italy in 451-453 in a much more brutal campaign than the Goths had waged, using Justa's letter as their sole "legitimate" excuse. Flavius Aetius or simply Aetius, (circa 396 - 454), was a Roman general of the closing period of the Western Roman Empire. ... The Huns, led by Attila (right, foreground), ride into Italy. ... Justa Grata Honoria was the sister of the western Roman emperor Valentinian III. Coins of her attest that she was granted the title of Augusta. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... Valentinian III (July 2, 419, Ravenna - March 16, 455, Rome), Western Roman Emperor (424 to 455). ... For other uses, see number 451. ... Events Theodoric II succeeds his brother Thorismund as king of the Visigoths. ...

Throughout her life Galla remained a devout Catholic, and in her later years endowed or enriched several churches in Ravenna. Her Mausoleum in Ravenna was one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites inscribed in 1996. For other places named Ravenna, see Ravenna (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

A good, modern study of Placidia and the times she lived in can be found in Stewart Irwin Oost, Galla Placidia Augusta, A Biographical Essay (1967).

  Results from FactBites:
Roman Emperors - DIR Gallia Placidia (931 words)
Aelia Galla Placidia, born in the east circa 388/390, was the daughter of the emperor Theodosius I (379-395) and his second wife Galla.
But Placidia's initial choice for supreme general was a certain Felix, who in 430 was murdered on the orders of Aetius: according to one report, Placidia herself had instructed Felix to kill Aetius.
Meanwhile, in Africa Placidia's erstwhile ally Boniface had declared his independence, and after Placidia sent an army against him, Boniface was said to have responded by inviting the Vandals to come to his assistance.
Rome - Vol III, Chapter XXXIII, Part 1 (3154 words)
The death of Constantius, in the seventh month of his reign, instead of diminishing, seemed to inerease the power of Placidia; and the indecent familiarity 2 of her brother, which might be no more than the symptoms of a childish affection, were universally attributed to incestuous love.
Placidia envied, but she could not equal, the reputation and virtues of the wife and sister of Theodosius, the elegant genius of Eudocia, the wise and successful policy of Pulcheria.
Placidia and Boniface lamented their fatal error; and the count had sufficient magnanimity to confide in the forgiveness of his sovereign, or to expose his head to her future resentment.
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