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Encyclopedia > Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador
Panorama of Placentia.
Panorama of Placentia.

Placentia is a town on the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador, consisting of the amalgamated communities of Jerseyside, Freshwater, Dunville and Placentia. Download high resolution version (955x480, 82 KB)Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador as viewed from the site of a former fortress, now a national historic site This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (955x480, 82 KB)Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador as viewed from the site of a former fortress, now a national historic site This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Avalon Peninsula is a large peninsula (9,270 km²) that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Capital St. ...


Family names include Caul, Power, O'Keefe, Williams, Gambin, Barry and Careen. Its current population is approximately 4,200.


It is unclear when Placentia was first settled by Europeans, but Basque fishermen were fishing in the area as early as the beginning of the 16th century, using Placentia as a centre of operations. Placentia's large, rocky beach meant that fish could be salted and dried on the beachrocks, saving both time and effort. Languages Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religions Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: Euskaldunak) are an indigenous people[] who inhabit parts of both Spain and France. ...

A wood carving of the town seal of Placentia on display at Memorial University of Newfoundland.
A wood carving of the town seal of Placentia on display at Memorial University of Newfoundland.

In 1655, the French, who controlled more than half of the island of Newfoundland, and most of Atlantic Canada, made Placentia (or 'Plaisance,' as they called it) their capital. The French colony at Placentia was a successful one, and several raids against the English were launched from here. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 487 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1605 × 1975 pixel, file size: 577 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a digital photo I took myself. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 487 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1605 × 1975 pixel, file size: 577 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a digital photo I took myself. ... Memorial University of Newfoundland, (popularly known as Memorial University or MUN) is a comprehensive university located primarily in St. ... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ...


In 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht forced the French to abandon their Placentia Bay settlements, and Placentia became a British possession. Although eclipsed by St. John's and Harbour Grace, Placentia was a large and important town, a regional centre to the southern Avalon peninsula and the eastern Burin peninsula. The Treaty of Utrecht comprised a series of peace treaties signed in Utrecht in March and April 1713 that helped end the War of the Spanish Succession. ... Placentia Bay and the Avalon Peninsula Placentia Bay is a body of water on the southeast coast of Newfoundland, Canada. ... Nickname: The City of Legends Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... Harbour Grace is one of the oldest towns in Conception Bay on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... The Avalon Peninsula is a large peninsula (9,270 km²) that makes up the southeast portion of the island of Newfoundland. ... Burin Peninsula is a peninsula located near Burin—St. ...


From the mid-1700s through to the 1830s, numerous Irish immigrants from Waterford, Wexford, Kilkenny and Cork settled in Placentia, so that the population of the modern town is largely of a mixture of West Country English and South-eastern Irish background. WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Cork Code: C (CK proposed) Area: 7,457 km² Population (2006) 480,909 (including City of Cork); 361,766 (without Cork City) Website: www. ... The West Country is an informal term for the area of south-western England roughly corresponding to the modern South West England government region. ...

Placentia Bay and the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Placentia Bay and the Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador.

In 1940, via an agreement between the British and American governments (Newfoundland not joining Canada until 1949), a large American military base was constructed at nearby Argentia (which is now within the town of Placentia's boundaries). For a time, this was the largest American military base outside of the United States, and it played an integral role in World War II, earning the nickname "the Gibraltar of the Atlantic." Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (476x673, 21 KB)The avalon and Bonavista Peninsulas, Newfoundland Removed from the following pages: Avalon Peninsula Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador Placentia Bay Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador Little Placentia Sound --OrphanBot 06:09, 25 July 2006 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (476x673, 21 KB)The avalon and Bonavista Peninsulas, Newfoundland Removed from the following pages: Avalon Peninsula Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador Placentia Bay Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador Little Placentia Sound --OrphanBot 06:09, 25 July 2006 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this... Argentia is a community on the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


This huge development revolutionized the Placentia area both economically and culturally. Essentially, the American base introduced a wide-spread cash-based economy. Suddenly, people who had fished all of their lives (engaging in a type of barter system called the truck system) had access to good-paying jobs on the American base. American technology enriched the living standards of Placentia residents, while the local culture was influenced strongly by the American presence.


The American base at Argentia was scaled back in the 1970's, and closed totally in 1994. This, along with the cod moratorium introduced by the Canadian government a few years' earlier, left the town of Placentia without an economic base for some time, although recently developments by INCO are beginning to stabilize the town's rocky economic situation. Look up Moratorium in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An Inco Limited nickel mine in Thompson, Manitoba. ...


Placentia is also home to a campus of the College of the North Atlantic. It has a unique lift-bridge, many archaeological sites (some partially re-constructed), several excellent examples of late-19th century Newfoundland architecture, two museums (O'Reilly House and Castle Hill), and one of the two Marine Atlantic ferry links to Nova Scotia (via Argentia). It is 130 kilometres from the capital city, St. John's, and is within easy distance of the scenic Cape Shore (including the Cape St. Mary's Bird Sanctuary), the Irish Loop, and Conception Bay. The College of the North Atlantic is the community college of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Marine Atlantic ferry ports and current routes Marine Atlantic Inc. ... Argentia is a community on the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Nickname: The City of Legends Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... Conception Bay bounded by Cape St. ...


The town is the birth place of Canadian professional wrestler Alastair Ralphs, who currently works for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. Alastair Ralphs, better known as A-1, is a Canadian professional wrestler and former bodybuilder, currently working for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling and on the Canadian independent circuit. ... Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002. ...


See also

This page lists communities of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Newfoundland Railway logo or herald (used 1926-1949) The Newfoundland Railway was a historic railway that operated on the island of Newfoundland and was the longest narrow gauge railway system in North America. ...

External links

  • Placentia official site

Coordinates: 47°14′N, 53°58′W Image File history File links Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Capital St. ... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ... Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... Capital Hopedale (legislative) Nain (administrative) Area Total Recognized 142,450 km² 72,520 km² Nunatsiavut (Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᕗᑦ) is an area claimed by the Inuit in Canada (not to be confused with the territory Nunavut). ... The Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador is divided into 10 Census divisions which are numbered 1 through 10. ... Division No. ... Census Division No. ... // Defined Census Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Census Division No. ... // Census Division No. ... Overlooking City of Corner Brook from James Cook Park Corner Brook is a city located in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on the Humber River. ... Mount Pearl is a city on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, in Division No. ... Nickname: The City of Legends Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... This page lists communities of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Bishops Falls is a town in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Categories: Towns | Newfoundland and Labrador communities | Coastal towns of Canada | Canada-place stubs ... Botwood is a town in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Carbonear (, ) is a town on the Bay de Verde Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Port aux Basques and the other Marine Atlantic ferry ports Channel-Port aux Basques (also Port aux Basques) is a town at the extreme southwestern tip of the island of Newfoundland fronting on the eastern end of the Cabot Strait. ... Clarenville (2006 pop. ... The sun sets over Deer Lake, Newfoundland, June 2003. ... Ferryland in Newfoundland is part of the Avalon Peninsula on the southern shore of the island south of St. ... Fogo village, Newfoundland Fogo Island, the largest of Newfoundlands offshore islands, is off the Northeast Coast of Newfoundland near Lewisporte and Twillingate. ... Gander is a Canadian town located in northeastern part of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately 40 kilometres south of Gander Bay, a little over 100 kilometres from the town of Twillingate and 90 kilometres east of Grand Falls. ... Grand Falls-Windsor is a community in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Happy Valley-Goose Bay (2001 pop. ... Harbour Grace is one of the oldest towns in Conception Bay on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Orthographic projection over Labrador City Labrador City, Newfoundland and Labrador Labrador City is a small town in western Labrador (part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador), near the Quebec border. ... A canadian town in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador with a population of only 7000. ... Nain is the northernmost town of any size in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located about 230 miles by air from Happy Valley-Goose Bay. ... Motto: Crown of the Valley Coordinates: Country Canada  Province Newfoundland and Labrador  Established 1969  - Mayor Robert “Bob” Mercer  - Governing Body Town of Pasadena Area    - Town 49. ... Peterviews welcome sign on the only road into the community. ... Red Bay (, NST) is a fishing village and former site of a Basque whaling station on the southern coast of Labrador in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... St. ... Stephenville (2005 est. ... The Town Crest Woody Point is a beautiful and historic town located in the heart of Gros Morne National Park, on the western coast of Newfoundland. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... Flag In 1803, the United States concluded The Louisiana Purchase (green area) with France. ... The History of Newfoundland and Labrador starts with two separate regions, the Colony of Newfoundland and the region of Labrador, then converge after 1946, with the creation of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada NASA landsat photo of Cape Breton Island Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Míkmaq: Únamakika, simply: Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Image File history File links LouisXIV.gif‎ Pavillon de Louis XIV File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New France History of Quebec Monarchy in Quebec ... The Habitation at Port-Royal is a National Historic Site located at Port Royal in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... // French Rule Quebec City was founded on July 3, 1608 by Samuel de Champlain. ... Location City Information Established: January 1, 2002 Area: 228. ... The human history of Montréal spans some 8,000 years and started with the Algonquin, Huron, and Iroquois tribes of North America. ... Costumed interpreters perform a dance in the street at Fortress Louisbourg. ... Nickname: The Azalea City Coordinates: Country US State Alabama County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ... French officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded a fort and settlement at the site of Detroit in 1701. ... The history of New Orleans, Louisiana traces its development from its founding by the French, through its period under Spanish control, then back to French rule before being sold to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase. ... Fort Rouillé was a French trading post located in Toronto, Ontario, which was established around 1750 but abandoned in 1759. ... Fort Michilimackinac was an 18th century French, and later British, fort and trading post in the Great Lakes of North America. ... Fort de Chartres existed as a succession of three French fortifications built during the 1700s on the east bank of the Mississippi River in the area of upper Louisiana known as the Illinois Country. ... Building and origins of Fort Detroit Fort Detroit began as a settlement on the Detroit River called Fort Ponchartrain. ... Fort Ticonderoga is a large 18th century fort built at a strategically important narrows in Lake Champlain where a short traverse gives access to the north end of Lake George in the state of New York, USA. The fort controlled both commonly used trade routes between the English-controlled Hudson... An artist’s rendering of Fort Duquesne Fort Duquesne was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... This is a list of all Forts built by the French government or French Chartered companies in what later became Canada and the United States. ... Governor General of New France was the vice-regal post in New France from 1663 until 1763. ... New France was governed by three rulers: the governor, the bishop and the intendant, all appointed by the King, and sent from France. ... The Sovereign Council of New France was a political body appointed by the King of France and consisting of a Governor General, an intendant and a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Diocese of Quebec is the oldest Catholic see in the New World north of Mexico. ... This is a list of governors of Montreal. ... Categories: Canadian history | Acadia | Canadian historical figures ... This is a list of viceroys for the colony, dominion and province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This is a list of Governors of [[Louisiana== First French Era == Sauvole de la Villantry 1699-1701 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville 1701-1713 Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac 1713-1716 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville 1716-1717 Jean-Michel de Lepinay 1717-1718 Jean... The title of intendant (French: , Spanish intendente) has been used in a number of countries through history. ... Admiralty courts, also known as maritime courts, are courts exercising jurisdiction over all maritime contracts, torts, injuries and offences. ... Provost is from the Latin praepositus (set over, from praeponere, to place in front). It may mean: Provost (religion), a church official. ... An ecclesiastical court (also called Court Christian) is any of certain courts having jurisdiction mainly in spiritual or religious matters. ... An attorney is someone who represents someone else in the transaction of business: For attorney-at-law, see lawyer, solicitor, barrister or civil law notary. ... Bailiff (from Late Latin bajulivus, adjectival form of bajulus) is a governor or custodian (cf. ... The Code noir (French language: The Black Code), was a decree passed by Frances King Louis XIV in 1689. ... The seigneurial system of New France was the semi-feudal system of land distribution used in the colonies of New France. ... The 1666 census of New France was the first census conducted in Canada (and indeed in North America). ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... The Company of One Hundred Associates was a business enterprise created at a time when all territories explored by the French and seized as a part of the French colonial empire were the property of the King of France. ... Antoine Crozat, Marquis du Chatel (Toulouse, ca. ... In August 1717 Scottish businessman John Law acquired a controlling interest in the then derelict Mississippi Company and renamed it the Compagnie d’Occident (or Compagnie du Mississippi). ... The Compagnie de lOccident was a French Crown corporation that existed from 1664 to 1667. ... Habitants by Cornelius Krieghoff (1852) Habitants is the name used to referred to the French settlers who established a colony in the Haudenosaunee First Nations territory along the shores of the St. ... The Kings Daughters (in French: filles du roi) were 900 Frenchwomen who immigrated to New France (now part of Canada) between 1663 and 1673 under the monetary sponsorship of Louis XIV, as an attempt to rectify the numerical inequality between males and females in New France. ... A coureur de bois was an individual who engaged in the fur trade without permission from the French authorities. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Mestizo. ... A Hupa man. ... The French and Indian Wars is a name used in the United States for a series of conflicts in North America that represented the actions there that accompanied the European dynastic wars. ... The French and Iroquois Wars (also called the Iroquois Wars or the Beaver Wars) commonly refer to a brutal series of conflicts fought in the mid-17th century in eastern North America, in which the Iroquois sought to expand their territory and monopolize the fur trade and the trade between... The Great Upheaval (le Grand Dérangement), also known as the Great Expulsion, The Deportation or the Acadian Expulsion, was the forced population transfer of the Acadian population from Nova Scotia between 1755 and 1763, ordered by British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council. ... The Great Peace of Montreal was a peace treaty between New France and 39 First Nations of North America. ... Early in 1690, a party of over 200 French and Sault and Algonquin Indian raiders set out from Montreal to attack English outposts to the south. ... The Deerfield massacre occurred during Queen Annes War on February 29, 1704, when joint French and Native American forces under the command of Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville attacked the English (predominantly puritan) settlement at Deerfield, Massachusetts at dawn, razing the town and killing fifty-six colonists. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... -1... Quebec has played a special role in Canada, and its history has taken a somewhat different path from the rest of Canada. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Flag In 1803, the United States concluded The Louisiana Purchase (green area) with France. ... The term French West Indies (see also Antilles françaises) refers to the two French overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique. ... The Carib Expulsion took place in 1660. ... Slave transport in Africa, from a 19th century engraving Trade in slaves, like most of the world, has carried on for thousands of years in Africa. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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