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Encyclopedia > Place de la Concorde

Coordinates: 48°51′56″N, 2°19′16″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

The Place de la Concorde seen from the Pont de la Concorde; in front, the Obelisk, behind, the Rue Royale and the Church of the Madeleine; on the left, the Hôtel de Crillon.
The Place de la Concorde seen from the Pont de la Concorde; in front, the Obelisk, behind, the Rue Royale and the Church of the Madeleine; on the left, the Hôtel de Crillon.

The Place de la Concorde is one of the major squares in Paris, France. It is located in the city's eighth arrondissement, at the eastern end of the Champs-Élysées. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (902x702, 248 KB) Summary La place de la Concorde à Paris. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (902x702, 248 KB) Summary La place de la Concorde à Paris. ... Place de la Concorde is an 1875 oil by Edgar Degas. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... The 8th arrondissement (VIIIe arrondissement), located on the Right Bank, is one of the 20 arrondissements of Paris, France. ... The Champs-Élysées (pronounced  ) is the most prestigious and broadest avenue in Paris. ...

Contents

History

The Place was designed by Ange-Jacques Gabriel in 1755 as a moat-skirted octagon between the Champs-Élysées to the west and the Tuileries Gardens to the east. Filled with statues and fountains, the area was named Place Louis XV to honor the then king. The Place was showcasing an equestrian statue of the king, which had been commissioned in 1748 by the city of Paris, sculpted mostly by Edmé Bouchardon, and completed by Jean-Baptiste Pigalle after the death of the former. Château of the Petit Trianon in the park at Versailles Ange-Jacques Gabriel (October 23, 1698 – January 4, 1782) was the most prominent French architect of his generation. ... For other uses, see Octagon (disambiguation). ... Up to 1871 the Tuileries Palace was a palace in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine. ... Edmé Bouchardon (29 May 1698 - 27 July 1762) was a French sculptor, esteemed in his day as the greatest sculptor of his time. ... Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (January 26, 1714 - August 28, 1785), French sculptor, was born in Paris. ...

Place de la Concorde in 1885. The Palais Bourbon can be seen in the background, beyond the River Seine
Place de la Concorde in 1885. The Palais Bourbon can be seen in the background, beyond the River Seine

At the north end, two magnificent identical stone buildings were constructed. Separated by the rue Royale, these structures remain among the best examples of that period's architecture. Initially they served as government offices, and the eastern one is the French Naval Ministry. Shortly after its construction, the western building was made into the luxurious Hôtel de Crillon (still operating today) where Marie Antoinette soon spent afternoons relaxing and taking piano lessons. The hôtel served as the headquarters of the occupying German army during World War II. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Palais Bourbon, front The Palais Bourbon, a palace located in Paris, France, is the seat of the French National Assembly, the lower legislative chamber of the French government. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ... The rue Royale (pronounced in French) is a short street in Paris, France running between the place de la Concorde and the place de la Madeleine (site of the Church of the Madeleine). ... One of ancien régime Frances Secretaries of State was entrusted with control of the French Navy (Secretary of State of the Navy (France). ... The Hôtel de Crillon, located on the foot of the Champs-Élysées at No. ... Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


During the French Revolution the statue of King Louis was torn down and the area renamed "Place de la Révolution". In a grim reminder to the nobility of a gruesome past, when the "Place de Grève" was a site where the nobility and members of the bourgeoisie were entertained watching convicted criminals being dismembered alive, the new revolutionary government erected the guillotine there. The first notable to be executed at the Place de la Révolution was King Louis XVI, on January 21, 1793. Other important people guillotined there, often in front of cheering crowds, were Queen Marie Antoinette, Madame Elisabeth, Charlotte Corday, Madame du Barry, Danton, Desmoulins, Lavoisier, Robespierre and Saint Just. The guillotine was most active during the "Reign of Terror.", in the summer of 1794, when in a single month more than 1,300 people were executed. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... Louis XV of France (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ... The Place de Grève was, before 1803, the name of the plaza now the City Hall Plaza (place de lHôtel de Ville) in Paris, France. ... Historic replicas (1:6 scale) of the two main types of French guillotines: Model 1792, left, and Model 1872 (state as of 1907), right The guillotine is a device used for carrying out executions by decapitation. ... Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste de France (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ... Élisabeth Philippine Marie Hélène of France (May 3, 1764 – May 10, 1794), commonly called Madame Élisabeth, was the youngest sister of King Louis XVI of France. ... Charlotte Corday by Paul Jacques Aimé Baudry, painted 1860: Under the Second Empire, Marat was seen as a revolutionary monster and Corday as a heroine of France, represented in the wall-map. ... Jeanne Becu, Comtesse Du Barry [1] [2] (Marie-Jeanne, Comtesse Du Barry) (August 19, 1743 - December 8, 1793) was a French courtesan who became the mistress of Louis XV of France. ... Georges Danton. ... Portrait of Camille Desmoulins Lucie Simplice Camille Benoist Desmoulins (March 2, 1760 – April 5, 1794) was a French journalist and politician who played an important part in the French Revolution. ... Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (August 26, 1743 – May 8, 1794), the Father of Modern Chemistry [1], was a French nobleman prominent in the histories of chemistry, finance, biology, and economics. ... Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (IPA: ; 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) is one of the best-known leaders of the French Revolution. ... Saint-Just can refer to: Antoine Louis L on de Richebourg de Saint-Just Saint-just cheese Saint-Just is also the name or part of the name of several communes in France: Saint-Just, in the Ain d partement Saint-Just, in the Ard che d partement Saint-Just... reign of terror, or the terror, see terror The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794) or simply The Terror (French: la Terreur) was a period of about ten months during the French Revolution when struggles between rival factions led to mutual radicalization which took on a violent...

A fountain on the Place de la Concorde. Behind: the Hôtel de Crillon; to the left: the embassy of the United States of America.
A fountain on the Place de la Concorde. Behind: the Hôtel de Crillon; to the left: the embassy of the United States of America.

Download high resolution version (2524x1860, 517 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2524x1860, 517 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ...

Features

After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, when Alsace-Lorraine was lost to Germany, the Strasbourg statue was covered in black mourning crepe on state occasions,[1] and was often decorated with wreaths; this practice did not end until France regained the region following World War I.[2] Up to 1871 the Tuileries Palace was a palace in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine. ... The Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume is a museum of contemporary art in the north-west corner of the Tuileries Gardens in Paris. ... Claude Monet: Nymphéas, 1920-26 The Musée de lOrangerie is an art gallery of impressionist and post-impressionist paintings located on the Place de la Concorde in Paris. ... The rue Royale (pronounced in French) is a short street in Paris, France running between the place de la Concorde and the place de la Madeleine (site of the Church of the Madeleine). ... One of ancien régime Frances Secretaries of State was entrusted with control of the French Navy (Secretary of State of the Navy (France). ... The Hôtel de Crillon, located on the foot of the Champs-Élysées at No. ... Église de la Madeleine, Paris Léglise de la Madeleine, or Léglise Sainte-Marie-Madeleine (or simply La Madeleine), is a church in the 8th arrondissement of Paris that was designed as a temple to the glory of Napoleons army. ... The Embassy of the United States in Paris, France is located at 2 avenue Gabriel on the northwest corner of Place de la Concorde. ... Rue de Rivoli is one of the most famous streets of Paris, a commercial street whose shops include the most fashionable names in the world. ... The Seine (pronounced in French) is a major river of north-western France, and one of its commercial waterways. ... The Concorde Bridge (Pont de la Concorde) carries Avenue Pierre-Dupuy across the St. ... The Palais Bourbon, front The Palais Bourbon, a palace located in Paris, France, is the seat of the French National Assembly, the lower legislative chamber of the French government. ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Nord-Pas de Calais Department Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Brest is a city in Brittany, or the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Otto Von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... Imperial Province of Elsaß-Lothringen Alsace-Lorraine (German: , generally Elsass-Lothringen) was a territorial entity created by the German Empire in 1871 after the annexation of most of Alsace and parts of Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian War. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Obelisk

The Obelisk of Luxor, stands on top on a pedestal that recounts the special machinery and maneuvers that were used to transport it.
The Obelisk of Luxor, stands on top on a pedestal that recounts the special machinery and maneuvers that were used to transport it.

The center of the Place is occupied by a giant Egyptian obelisk decorated with hieroglyphics exalting the reign of the pharaoh Ramses II. It once marked the entrance to the Luxor Temple. The viceroy of Egypt, Mehemet Ali, offered the 3,300-year-old Luxor Obelisk to France in 1831. The obelisk arrived in Paris on December 21, 1833. King Louis-Philippe had it placed in the centre of Place de la Concorde on October 25, 1836. Given the technical limitations of the day, transporting it was no easy feat — on the pedestal are drawn diagrams explaining the machinery that were used for the transportation. The red granite column rises 23 metres high, including the base, and weighs over 250 tonnes. Missing its original cap, believed stolen in the 6th century BC, in 1998 the government of France added a gold-leafed pyramid cap to the top of the obelisk. The obelisk is flanked on both sides by fountains constructed at the time of its erection on the Place. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1504, 154 KB) Summary Place de la Concorde, at 11:01 on the 10th of August 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1504, 154 KB) Summary Place de la Concorde, at 11:01 on the 10th of August 2005. ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris For other uses, see Obelisk (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Hieroglyph (French Wiki article) be merged into this article or section. ... Usermaatre-setepenre The Justice of Re is Powerful, Chosen of Re Nomen Ramesses (meryamun) Born of Re, (Beloved of Amun) Horus name Kanakht Merymaa Nebty name Mekkemetwafkhasut Golden Horus Userrenput-aanehktu Consort(s) Isetnofret, Nefertari Maathorneferure Issues Bintanath, Khaemweset, Merneptah, Amun-her-khepsef Meritamen Father Seti I Mother Queen Tuya... Luxor Temple, from the east bank of the Nile Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the River Nile in the city today known as Luxor (ancient Thebes). ... See Mehemet Ali (Turkey) for the Turkish foreign minister and regent. ... Luxor on Nile, at Luxor Temple with mosque. ... Louis-Philippe of France (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. ... Close-up of granite from Yosemite National Park, valley of the Merced River Quarrying granite for the Mormon Temple, Utah Territory. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... Look up ton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


During the French Revolution, a guillotine — a chief agent of the Revolution — stood at the obelisk's current location. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... Historic replicas (1:6 scale) of the two main types of French guillotines: Model 1792, left, and Model 1872 (state as of 1907), right The guillotine is a device used for carrying out executions by decapitation. ...


Without warning, in 2000 French urban climber Alain "Spiderman" Robert, using only his bare hands and feet and with no safety devices, scaled the obelisk all the way to the top. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The obelisk is one of three Cleopatra's Needles, the other two residing in New York and London. Cleopatras Needle (London), with (left) the Victoria Embankment and (right) the River Thames Close up of Cleopatras Needle (London) One of two sphinxes at the base of Cleopatras Needle (London). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Paris Pages; Place de la Concorde (804 words)
The Place de la Concorde, which is the largest place in Paris, is situated along the Seine and separates the Tuilerie Gardens from the beginning of the Champs Elysées.
The place was constructed to hold an equestrian statue of Louis XV that the city of Paris commissioned in 1748 from Bouchardon to offer to the king.
In contrast to older places that were closed, la Place de la Concorde, largely open, served as an intersection as well as a decoration.
Place de la Concorde (521 words)
Elle deviendra la place de la Révolution en 1792, après le renversement de la statue équestre du roi sculptée par Bouchardon.
Pas moins de 1119 personnes, parmi lesquelles le Roi Louis XVI, sa femme Marie-Antoinette, la plupart de leurs proches, puis les chefs de la Révolution, subiront ici le châtiment de la guillotine.
La place de la Concorde vue de la terrasse du bord de l'eau.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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