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Encyclopedia > Pizza
Part of a series on
Pizza
Pizza

Structural Variations
Pizza · Calzone
Stromboli

Pizza may refer to: Pizza, a food item Pizza (TV series), an Australian TV series Pizza (film), a 2005 film starring Ethan Embry Pizza programming language The Pizza, a series of segments on the U.S. television series Jimmy Kimmel Live Pizza Pizza, a Canadian pizza franchise Samurai Pizza Cats... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 523 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (530 × 607 pixel, file size: 551 KB, MIME type: image/png) A digitally rendered pizza -American style, made by me, AtmanDave on Photoshop. ... A calzone (Italian stocking or pants (not used frequently for pants: pantaloni is the modern usage for the word pants, plural calzoni), sometimes referred to as a stuffed or folded pizza, is an Italian turnover made from pizza dough and stuffed with cheese and marinara sauce (usually mozzarella cheese and... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Calzone. ...


Ethnic Variations
Greek pizza
Hawaiian pizza · Lahmacun
Manakish· Mexican pizza
Pissaladière · Sardenara
Sicilian pizza . Tarte flambée
Zwiebelkuchen
Greek pizza can refer to either of two styles of pizza. ... Hawaiian pizza is a two-topping pizza usually consisting of a cheese and tomato base with pieces of ham (or alternatively Canadian bacon) and pineapple. ... Lahmacun Lahmajun (IPA: ), sometimes called Turkish pizza or Armenian pizza, is an Anatolian dish usually made up of a round and thin piece of dough topped with various meats (most commonly beef and lamb) and vegetables. ... Thyme manakish Manakish[1] (Arabic: مناقيش; sometimes called معجنات, ma-ujnaat, pastry) is a baked Middle Eastern dough topped with cheese or thyme or ground meat. ... Mexican pizza is a pizza-like dish with toppings typical of Mexican cuisine such as beans and jalapeños. ... Pissaladiere (pissaladiera in Provencal) is a type of pizza made in and around the city of Nice, France. ... Sardenara or Sardenaira is a classic snack from West Liguria similar to a pizza, baked in very large rectangular baking trays and generally bought from a bakery in small rectangular cut pieces. ... Sicilian pizza (also known as Sfincione) is a variety of pizza with ingredients incorporated into the dough, instead of just placed on top. ... Flammekueche or Tarte flambée is a well-known Alsacian speciality. ... Zwiebelkuchen, which literally means onion cake in the German language, is a one-crust pie made of steamed onions, diced bacon, cream, and caraway seed on a yeast dough or a leavened dough. ...


Events
World Pizza Championship
Long Island Pizza Festival & Bake-Off
The World Pizza Championship is an event held every year to determine the worlds best pizza makers. ... The Long Island Pizza Festival & Bake-Off is an annual charity event that takes place on Long Island, New York. ...


Cutlery and Ingredients
Pizza cutter · Mezzaluna
Pizza cheese · Mozzarella
A wheel-type cutter. ... A Mezzaluna is a chopping instrument consisting of a single or double curved blade with a handle on each end. ... Country of origin United States of America Region, town Varies Source of milk Cows Pasteurised Frequently Texture soft/melted Aging time Varies Certification No Pizza cheese is a specific cheese designed to melt well on pizza while remaining chewy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Miscellaneous Variations
Tomato pie · Pizza bagel
Grilled pizza · Deep-fried pizza
Garlic fingers · Garlic knots

Tomato pie is a pizza-like food that is common in Italian-American populations, usually served at room temperature instead of hot. ... Pizza bagel A pizza bagel is a bread product traditionally topped with cheese and tomato sauce. ... Grilled pizza was invented at the Al Forno restaurant in Providence, Rhode Island by owners Johanne Killeen and George Germon. ... Deep fried Pizza is a delicacy available in Chip Shops in Glasgow and surrounding areas in Scotland. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Garlic knots are an appetizer found in many pizzerias around the world. ...

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Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 463 pixelsFull resolution (914 × 529 pixel, file size: 954 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Pizza (IPA pronunciation: [ˈpiːtsə] listen , in Italian: ['pit.tsa]) (also called pizza pie in the USA) is the name of an oven-baked, flat, usually round bread covered with tomato sauce and often cheese, with other toppings left optional. While originating as a part of Neapolitan cuisine, the dish has become popular in many different parts of the world. A shop or restaurant where pizzas are made and sold is called a "pizzeria" (from Italian) although the phrase "pizza parlor" is also used in the United States and Canada. Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links En-us-pizza. ... Oven depicted in a painting by Millet An oven is an enclosed compartment for heating, baking or drying. ... For other uses, see Bread (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ...


Various toppings may be added, most typically:

In some pizza recipes the tomato sauce is omitted (termed "white pizza"), or replaced with another sauce (usually garlic butter but sauces can also be made with spinach or onions). Pizza is normally eaten hot (typically at lunch or dinner). For the computer protocol, see SAUCE. Or see source. ... Pesto (italian pron. ... Fettuccine alfredo topped with shrimp. ... The St. ... This article is about the condiment. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Provolone cheese is an Italian cheese, very similar to mozzarella cheese, which is traditionally used on submarine sandwiches. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hə()b, or əb; see pronunciation differences) are seed-bearing plants without woody stems, which die down to the ground after flowering. ... For other uses, see Basil (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Origanum vulgare L. Oregano or Pot Marjoram (Origanum vulgare) is a species of Origanum, native to Europe, the Mediterranean region and southern and central Asia. ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... Binomial name Cynara scolymus L. The Globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) is a perennial, thistle-like plant, originating in southern Europe around the Mediterranean. ... Binomial name Capsicum annuum L. For green peppercorns, see Black pepper. ... “Aubergine” redirects here. ... Binomial name L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Spinacia oleracea L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For the botanical genus, see Asparagus (genus). ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ... Husked sweetcorn Young sweetcorn The same rows of corn 41 days later at maturity. ... This article is about the food. ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other meanings of ham or Ham, see Ham (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bacon (disambiguation). ... Image:Minced beef USDA.jpg Minced beef in industrial grinder Ground beef, beef mince or hamburger meat, is a meat product, made of beef finely chopped by a meat grinder. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... {{Taxobox classis = Actinopterygii | ordo = Clupeiformes | familia = Engraulidae | subdivision_ranks = Genera | subdivision = Amazonsprattus Anchoa Anchovia Anchiovella Cetengraulis Coilia Encrasicholina Engraulis Jurengraulis Lycengraulis Lycothrissa Papuengraulis Pterengraulis Setipinna Stolephorus Thryssa }} The anchovies are a family large but uncommon schooling saltwater plankton-feeding fish. ... For other uses, see Tuna (disambiguation). ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... It has been suggested that Mycophagy be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... Lunch is an abbreviation of luncheon, meaning a midday meal. ... An amount of formality may be present at a dinner Dinner is a meal eaten in the evening. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Pizza

// Bread is one of humankind’s oldest prepared foods and dates back at least to the neolithic. ...

Bases and baking methods

A wood-burning pizza oven.
A wood-burning pizza oven.

The bread base of the pizza (called the "crust" in the United States and Canada) may vary widely according to style: thin as in hand-tossed pizza or Roman pizza, thick as in pan pizza, or very thick as in Chicago-style pizza. It is traditionally plain, but may also be seasoned with butter, garlic, or herbs, or stuffed with cheese. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 921 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 921 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Butter (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hə()b, or əb; see pronunciation differences) are seed-bearing plants without woody stems, which die down to the ground after flowering. ...


In restaurants, pizza can be baked in a gas canister (stone bricks above the heat source) oven, an electric deck oven, a conveyor belt oven or, in the case of more expensive restaurants, a wood- or coal-fired brick oven. On deck ovens, the pizza can be slid into the oven on a long paddle called a peel and baked directly on the hot bricks or baked on a screen (a round metal grate, typically aluminum). When making pizza at home, it can be baked on a "pizza stone" in a regular oven to imitate the effect of a brick oven. Another option is grilled pizza, in which the crust is baked directly on a barbecue grill. Greek pizza, like Chicago-style pizza, is baked in a pan rather than directly on the bricks of the pizza oven. A wood-burning brick oven. ... A peel is a shovel-like tool used by bakers to slide loaves of bread, pizzas, pastries, and other baked goods into and out of an oven. ... Food cooking on a charcoal grill Grilling is a form of cooking that involves direct heat. ... A barbecue in a public park in Australia A barbecue on a trailer at a block party in Kansas City Pans on the top shelf hold hamburgers and hot dogs that were grilled earlier when the coals were hot. ... Greek pizza can refer to either of two styles of pizza. ...


In home-made pizza, there are many variations on the bread used for crust. In some countries, creations such as pita pizza, bagel pizza, matzo pizza, and tortilla pizza are popular, especially with children. In Japan, where full-size ovens are a rarity in the home, pizza toast is a popular version. For other uses, see Pita (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bagel (disambiguation). ... Two cooked flour tortillas. ... This article is about the food. ...


Types of pizza

In the 20th century and onward, pizza has become an international food and the toppings can be extensively varied to meet local variations in taste. These pizzas consist of the same basic design but include an exceptionally diverse choice of ingredients, such as anchovies, egg, pineapple, banana, coconut, sauerkraut, eggplant, kimchi, lamb, couscous, chicken, fish, and shellfish, meats prepared in styles such as Moroccan lamb, shawarma or chicken tikka masala, and non-traditional spices such as curry and Thai sweet chili. Pizzas can also be made without meat for vegetarians, and without cheese for vegans. Breakfast pizzas are topped with ingredients such as scrambled eggs. "Supreme" pizzas typically include a thick layer of many different toppings. {{Taxobox classis = Actinopterygii | ordo = Clupeiformes | familia = Engraulidae | subdivision_ranks = Genera | subdivision = Amazonsprattus Anchoa Anchovia Anchiovella Cetengraulis Coilia Encrasicholina Engraulis Jurengraulis Lycengraulis Lycothrissa Papuengraulis Pterengraulis Setipinna Stolephorus Thryssa }} The anchovies are a family large but uncommon schooling saltwater plankton-feeding fish. ... An egg is a body consisting of an ovum surrounded by layers of membranes and an outer casing of some type, which acts to nourish and protect a developing embryo. ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Sauerkraut and sausage on a plate Pickled Eisbein, served with Sauerkraut Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... “Aubergine” redirects here. ... Kimchi, also spelled gimchi or kimchee, is a traditional Korean fermented dish made of seasoned vegetables. ... It has been suggested that Lambing be merged into this article or section. ... Couscous with vegetables and chickpeas Couscous or kuskus (IPA - Berber Seksu - Arabic: , called maftoul in Jordan, Lebanon and the Palestinian territories) is a food from Maghreb of Berber origin. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Cooked mussels Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. ... It has been suggested that Lambing be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Döner kebab. ... Chicken Tikka Masala has origins in the Indian subcontinent. ... This article is about the dish. ... Thai seafood curry Tom yam gung Thai cuisine is known for its balance of five fundamental flavors in each dish or the overall meal - hot (spicy), sour, sweet, salty and bitter (optional). ... For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... Hens kept in cramped conditions — the avoidance of animal suffering is the primary motivation of people who become vegans A vegan is a person who avoids the ingestion or use of animal products. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Scrambled eggs Scrambled eggs is a dish made from beaten whites and yolks of eggs (usually chicken). ...


Pizza styles

Authentic Neapolitan Pizza Margherita, the base for most kinds of pizza.
Neapolitan Pizza Marinara.
Neapolitan Pizza Marinara.

Neapolitan pizza (pizza Napoletana). Authentic Neapolitan pizzas are made with local ingredients like San Marzano tomatoes, which grow on the volcanic plains to the south of Mount Vesuvius and Mozzarella di Bufala Campana, made with the milk from water buffalo raised in the marshlands of Campania and Lazio in a semi-wild state (this mozzarella is protected with its own European Protected designation of origin).[1] According to the rules proposed by the Associazione vera pizza napoletana, the genuine Neapolitan pizza dough consists of Italian wheat flour (type 0 and/or 00), natural Neapolitan yeast or brewer's yeast, salt and water. For proper results, strong flour with high protein content (as used for bread-making rather than cakes) must be used. The dough must be kneaded by hand or with a low-speed mixer. After the rising process, the dough must be formed by hand without the help of a rolling pin or other mechanical device, and may be no more than 3 mm (1/8 in) thick. The pizza must be baked for 60–90 seconds in a 485 °C (905 °F) stone oven with an oak-wood fire.[2] When cooked, it should be soft and fragrant. Neapolitan pizza has gained the status of "guaranteed traditional specialty" in Italy. This admits only three official variants: Pizza marinara, which is made with tomato, garlic, oregano and extra virgin olive oil (although most Neapolitan pizzerias also add basil to the marinara), Pizza Margherita, made with tomato, sliced mozzarella, basil and extra virgin olive oil, and Pizza Margherita Extra made with tomato, buffalo mozzarella from Campania in fillets, basil and extra virgin olive oil. Image File history File links Eq_it-na_pizza-margherita_sep2005_sml. ... Image File history File links Eq_it-na_pizza-margherita_sep2005_sml. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (825x590, 178 KB) Authentic Neapolitan pizza Marinara as served by Pizzeria Di Matteo in Naples. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (825x590, 178 KB) Authentic Neapolitan pizza Marinara as served by Pizzeria Di Matteo in Naples. ... San Marzano tomatoes, a variety of plum tomatoes, are considered by many chefs to be the best sauce tomatoes in the world. ... This article is about the mountain in Italy. ... Fresh Mozzarella di Bufala Campana Mozzarella di Bufala Campana is an Italian mozzarella cheese made from buffalo milk in the following areas of Italy: Caserta, Salerno and part of Benevento province, Naples, Frosinone, Latina and Rome. ... For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... For the football club, see S.S. Lazio Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Protected geographical indications in the European Union. ... For other uses, see Flour (disambiguation). ... Typical divisions Ascomycota (sac fungi) Saccharomycotina (true yeasts) Taphrinomycotina Schizosaccharomycetes (fission yeasts) Basidiomycota (club fungi) Urediniomycetes Sporidiales Yeasts are a growth form of eukaryotic microorganisms classified in the kingdom Fungi, with approximately 1,500 species described. ... Brewers yeast (also known as brewers yeast or brewing yeast) can mean any live yeast used in brewing. ... Wooden rolling pin A rolling pin is a food preparation utensil consisting of a cylinder with a handle at each end, used to flatten dough. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the cartoon character, see Olive Oyl. ... For other uses, see Basil (disambiguation). ... Margherita of Savoy Margherita or Margaret of Savoy (born November 20, 1851 in Turin, died January 4, 1926 in Bordighera), was the Queen consort of Italy during the reign (1878-1900) of her husband, Humbert I. She was the daughter of Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa and granddaughter of Carlo Alberto... Species Bubalus arnee Bubalus depressicornis Bubalus quarlesi Bubalus mindorensis Bubalus is a genus of bovines, the English name of which is buffalo. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ...

Pizza al taglio in Rome.
Pizza al taglio in Rome.

Lazio style: Pizza in Lazio (Rome), as well as in many other parts of Italy is available in 2 different "flavors": 1) In take-away shops so-called "Pizza Rustica" or "Pizza a Taglio". Pizza is cooked in long, rectangular baking pans and relatively thick (1-2 cm). The crust similar to that of an English muffin and mostly cooked in an electric oven. When purchased, it is usually cut with scissors or knife and priced by weight. 2) In Pizza Restaurants (Pizzerias), where it is served in a dish in its traditional round shape, it features a very thin crust compared to Neapolitan recipe. It is mostly cooked in a wood-fired oven which gives pizza its unique flavor and texture. In Rome a "Pizza Napoletana" is topped with tomato, mozzarella, anchovies and oil (thus, what in Naples is called "Pizza Romana", in Rome is called "Pizza Napoletana"). Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For the football club, see S.S. Lazio Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzi, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Split English muffin An English muffin (UK: (breakfast) muffin) is a round, yeast-leavened bread enriched with butter and milk, often served at breakfast in the UK, USA and Canada. ... For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


Other types of Lazio-style pizza include:

  • Pizza Romana (in Naples): tomato, mozzarella, anchovies, oregano, oil;
  • Pizza Viennese: tomato, mozzarella, German sausage, oregano, oil;
  • Pizza Capricciosa ("Capricious Pizza"): mozzarella, tomato, mushrooms, artichokes, cooked ham, olives, oil (in Rome raw ham is used and half a hard-boiled egg is added);
  • Pizza Quattro Stagioni ("Four Seasons Pizza"): same ingredients for the Capricciosa, but ingredients not mixed;
  • Pizza Quattro Formaggi ("Four Cheese Pizza"): tomatoes, mozzarella, stracchino, fontina, gorgonzola (sometimes ricotta can be swapped for one of the last three);

Sicilian-style pizza has its toppings baked directly into the crust. An authentic recipe uses neither cheese nor anchovies. Sicilian Pizza in the United States is typically a different variety of product made with a thick crust characterized by a rectangular shape and topped with tomato sauce and cheese (and optional toppings). Pizza Hut's Sicilian Pizza, introduced in 1994, is not an authentic example of the style as only garlic, basil, and oregano are mixed into the crust; For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... The Viennese language is an East Central Austro-Bavarian dialect spoken mostly in the Austrian capital of Vienna. ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Sicilian pizza (also known as Sfincione) is a variety of pizza with ingredients incorporated into the dough, instead of just placed on top. ... Pizza Hut Inc. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


White pizza (pizza bianca) uses no tomato sauce, often substituting pesto or dairy products such as sour cream. Most commonly, especially on the East Coast of the United States, the toppings consist only of mozzarella and ricotta cheese drizzled with olive oil and spices like fresh basil and garlic. In Rome, the term pizza bianca refers to a type of bread topped only with olive oil. It's also a Roman style, to top the white pizza with figs, called Pizza e fichi (Pizza with figs); Pesto (italian pron. ... A dairy farm near Oxford, New York in the United States. ... Sour cream is a dairy product rich in fats obtained by fermenting a regular cream by certain kinds of lactic acid bacteria. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... For other uses, see Basil (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Allium sativum L., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion family Alliaceae. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese...


Ripieno or Calzone is a pizza in the form of a half moon, sometimes filled with ricotta, salami and mozzarella; it can be either fried or oven baked.


U.S. styles and specialties

Homemade Pepperoni Pizza.

Due to the wide influence of Italian and Greek immigrants in American culture, the United States has developed quite a large number of regional forms of pizza, many bearing only a casual resemblance to the Italian original. During the latter half of the 20th century, pizza in the United States became an iconic dish of considerable popularity, and may have contributed to the decline of the British pie heritage previously common in American cuisine. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 129 KB) Homemade Pepperoni Pizza. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 129 KB) Homemade Pepperoni Pizza. ...


The most Americanized style of pizza is the classic pepperoni pizza. It is made with classic pizza dough and marinara sauce, topped with mozzarella cheese alone or mozzarella and cheddar cheeses. A layer of pepperoni is then applied and the pizza is then cooked. The thickness of the crust depends on what the consumer prefers; both thick and thin crust are popular. Another popular pizza style is the pizza with everything, which is topped with a smorgasbord of vegetables, mushrooms, and meats, though a customer will usually be asked if they want anchovies on it as well. Look up smörgåsbord in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The anchovies are a family (Engraulidae) of small but common fish. ...


New Haven-style pizza, also known as apizza, popular in southern Connecticut. Apizza (pronounced ah-BEETS) is a style of Neapolitan pizza common in and around New Haven, Connecticut. ...


New York-style pizza is a style originally developed in New York City, where pizza is often sold in oversized, thin and flexible slices. It is traditionally hand-tossed, moderate on sauce, and moderately covered with cheese essentially amounting to a much larger version of the Neapolitan style. The slices are sometimes eaten folded in half, or even stacked, as its size and flexibility may otherwise make it unwieldy to eat by hand. This style of pizza tends to dominate the Northeastern states, and is very similar to the basic style common through the United States and known simply as pizza. Many pizza establishments in the New York metropolitan area offer two varieties of pizza: "Neapolitan", or "regular", made with a relatively thin, circular crust and served in wedge-shaped slices, and "Sicilian", or "square", made with a thicker, rectangular crust and served in large, rectangular slices. Lombardis Pizza at 32 Spring Street in Little Italy, Manhattan A slice of New York-style plain pizza New York-style pizza is a common style of pizza, originating from New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The New York metropolitan area is the most populous in the United States and the fourth most populous in the world (after Tokyo, Seoul, and Mexico City). ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ...

Chicago-style deep-dish pizza.
Chicago-style deep-dish pizza.

Chicago-style pizza, or Chicago-style deep dish pizza, contains a crust which is formed up the sides of a deep-dish pan. It reverses the order of ingredients, using crust, cheese, filling, then sauce on top. Some versions (usually referred to as "stuffed") have two layers of crust with the sauce on top. Deep-dish pizza was purportedly invented and first served in 1943 at Pizzeria Uno, which is still operating along with its twin restaurant, Pizzeria Due, in the River North neighborhood. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (2256 × 1496 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 530 pixelsFull resolution (2256 × 1496 pixel, file size: 1. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Uno Chicago Grill, formerly known as Pizzeria Uno or more informally as Unos, is a loosely-franchised pizzeria restaurant chain credited[1] with creating Chicago-style pizza. ... The Near North Side is the part of Chicago, Illinois just north of the downtown central business district (the Loop). ...


Chicago-style thin crust pizza has a thinner crust than Chicago-style deep dish, and is baked flat rather than in a deep dish pan. The crust is thin and firm enough to have a noticeable crunch, unlike a New York-style pizza, yet thick enough to be soft and doughy on the top. The crust is invariably topped with a liberal quantity of southern-Italian style tomato sauce, which is usually quite herbal or highly spiced, and typically contains no visible chunks of tomato. Next, a layer of toppings is added, and a layer of mozzarella cheese which frequently separates from the bottom crust due to the quantity of tomato sauce. Chicago-style thin crust pizzas are cut into three- or four-inch squares, also known as "party cut," as opposed to a "pie cut" into wedges. The small size of the squares makes it unnecessary to fold the slices. Chicago-style pizza is prevalent throughout the Midwestern USA. Chains that are well known for Chicago-style thin crust pizza are Home Run Inn and Old Chicago. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Home Run Inn is a pizzeria chain based in Chicago, United States, and its suburbs. ...


St. Louis-style pizza is a thin-crust style of pizza popular in and around St. Louis, Missouri. The most notable characteristic of St. Louis-style pizza is the distinctively St. Louisan Provel cheese used instead of (or rarely in addition to) the mozzarella common to Chicago-style thin crust. St. Louis-style pizza is customarily cut into squares. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Provel cheese is a white cheese that is very popular in St. ...


California-style pizza (often termed in the United States gourmet pizza) refers to pizza with non-traditional ingredients, especially those that use a considerable amount of fresh produce. A Thai-inspired chicken pizza with peanut sauce, bean sprouts, and shaved carrots is a popular variant in California-style pizza restaurants, as are pizzas that use chicken and barbecue sauce as toppings. The California Pizza Kitchen chain of restaurants was influential in popularizing this style. California-style pizza is a style of pizza arising from the California Cuisine cooking style. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The St. ... California Pizza Kitchen NASDAQ: CPKI is a casual dining restaurant chain that specializes in California-style pizza. ...


Greek pizza is a variation popular in New England; its name comes from it being typical of the style of pizzerias owned by Greek immigrants. It has a thicker, chewier crust and is baked in a pan in the pizza oven, instead of directly on the bricks. Plain olive oil is a common part of the topping. Variations in other parts of the country include using feta cheese, Kalamata olives, and Greek herbs such as oregano. Greek pizza can refer to either of two styles of pizza. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... Feta (Greek φέτα, feminine gender) is a classic curd cheese in brine whose tradition dates back to Greece thousands of years ago. ... Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... Binomial name Origanum vulgare L. Oregano or Pot Marjoram (Origanum vulgare) is a species of Origanum, native to Europe, the Mediterranean region and southern and central Asia. ...


Vermont pizza is made with real maple syrup instead of traditional tomato sauce. This dish, which uses toppings such as breakfast sausage and eggs, is quickly growing in popularity and is a frequent sight at breakfast tables in the Northeastern United States. Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Regional definitions vary The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States. ...


Hawaiian pizza has Canadian Bacon (or sliced ham) and pineapple toppings with Mozzarella cheese. This type of pizza is especially popular in the Western United States, and is also a popular topping combination in Australia, Canada, and Sweden, but notably not in Hawaii. This type is also common within the EU, where it is known as Pizza Hawaii. Hawaiian pizza is a two-topping pizza usually consisting of a cheese and tomato base with pieces of ham (or alternatively Canadian bacon) and pineapple. ... For other uses, see Bacon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ...


Grilled pizza, invented in Providence, Rhode Island, uses a fairly thin crust cooked on a grill; the toppings are placed on the baked side after the pizza has cooked for a bit and flipped over. Grilled pizza was invented at the Al Forno restaurant in Providence, Rhode Island by owners Johanne Killeen and George Germon. ... “Providence” redirects here. ...


English muffin or French bread pizza and pizza bagel is a common convenience pizza made at home in an oven or toaster, usually with a simple topping of spaghetti sauce, sliced or shredded cheese, and perhaps pepperoni. French bread pizza is sometimes available commercially as a frozen meal. Split English muffin An English muffin (UK: (breakfast) muffin) is a round, yeast-leavened bread enriched with butter and milk, often served at breakfast in the UK, USA and Canada. ... French-Bread (known as Watanabe Seisakujo prior to 2003) is a dojin soft company that specializes in 2D fighting games. ... Pizza bagel A pizza bagel is a bread product traditionally topped with cheese and tomato sauce. ... Convenience cooking is the practice of streamlining recipes for simplicity and speed of preparation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Frozen and ready-to-bake pizzas

Pizza is also found as a frozen food in grocery stores and supermarkets. A considerable amount of food technology ingenuity has gone into the creation of palatable frozen pizza. The main challenges include preventing the sauce from combining with the dough and producing a crust that can be frozen and reheated without becoming rigid. Modified corn starch is commonly used as a moisture barrier between the sauce and crust. Traditionally the dough is somewhat pre-baked and other ingredients are also sometimes pre-cooked. More recently, frozen pizza with completely raw ingredients have also begun to appear, as have those with a self rising crust. Many grocery stores and supermarkets also sell fresh, ready-to-bake pizzas. Frozen food is food preserved by the process of freezing. ... The food technology room at Marling School in Stroud, Gloucestershire. ... Products made out of cornstarch Cornstarch is the starch of the maize grain, commonly known as corn. ...


Another form of uncooked pizza is available from take and bake pizzerias. This pizza is created fresh using raw ingredients, then sold to customers who take it home and bake it in their own ovens and microwaves. Supermarkets also offer this service. A take and bake pizzeria, sometimes just known as a take and bake (or alternatively, take-n-bake), is a pizzeria which sells uncooked pizzas to customers, who then cook the pizzas at home in their ovens. ...


Similar dishes

  • "Farinata" or "cecina".[3] A Ligurian (farinata) and Tuscan (cecina) regional dish made from chickpea flour, water, salt and olive oil. Also called Socca in the Provence region of France. Often baked in a brick oven, and typically weighed and sold by the slice.
  • The Alsatian tarte flambée (German: Flammkuchen) is a thin disc of dough covered in crème fraîche, onions, and bacon.
  • The Anatolian Lahmacun (Arabic: lahma bi ajeen; Armenian: lahmajoun; also Armenian pizza or Turkish pizza) is a meat-topped dough round. The bread is usually very thin; the layer of meat often includes chopped vegetables.
  • The Provençal pissaladiere is similar to an Italian pizza, with a slightly thicker crust and generally a topping of cooked onions, anchovies, and olives.
  • Calzone and stromboli are very similar dishes (calzone is traditionally half-moon-shaped, while a stromboli is tube-shaped) that are often made of pizza dough rolled or folded around a filling.
  • Pizza is sometimes used as a general word for a savory pie; the Campanian pizza rustica and the Italian American pizzagiena (Easter pie) are examples of this more general sense. [citation needed]

In Spanish, cecina means meat that has been salted and dried by means of air, sun or smoke. The word comes either from the latin siccus (dry) or from the celtic ciercina related to modern Spanish cierzo or Northern wind. ... (New region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² (??? mi) km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Flammekueche or Tarte flambée is a well-known Alsacian speciality. ... Containers of crème fraîche Crème fraîche [IPA: krÉ›m frɛʃ] (French for fresh cream) is a heavy cream slightly soured with bacterial culture, but not as sour or as thick as sour cream. ... Anatolia and Europe Anatolia (Turkish: from Greek: Ανατολία - Anatolia) is a peninsula of Western Asia which forms the greater part of the Asian portion of Turkey, as opposed to the European portion (Thrace, or traditionally Rumelia). ... Lahmacun Lahmajun (IPA: ), sometimes called Turkish pizza or Armenian pizza, is an Anatolian dish usually made up of a round and thin piece of dough topped with various meats (most commonly beef and lamb) and vegetables. ... Provençal (Provençau) is one of several dialects of Occitan spoken by a minority of people in southern France and other areas of France and Italy. ... Pissaladiere (pissaladiera in Provencal) is a type of pizza made in and around the city of Nice, France. ... {{Taxobox classis = Actinopterygii | ordo = Clupeiformes | familia = Engraulidae | subdivision_ranks = Genera | subdivision = Amazonsprattus Anchoa Anchovia Anchiovella Cetengraulis Coilia Encrasicholina Engraulis Jurengraulis Lycengraulis Lycothrissa Papuengraulis Pterengraulis Setipinna Stolephorus Thryssa }} The anchovies are a family large but uncommon schooling saltwater plankton-feeding fish. ... A calzone (Italian stocking or pants (not used frequently for pants: pantaloni is the modern usage for the word pants, plural calzoni), sometimes referred to as a stuffed or folded pizza, is an Italian turnover made from pizza dough and stuffed with cheese and marinara sauce (usually mozzarella cheese and... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Calzone. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... Italian American cuisine is the term given to what is commonly called Italian food in the United States. ...

Italian and European law

In Italy there is a bill before Parliament to safeguard the traditional Italian pizza,[4] specifying permissible ingredients and methods of processing[5] (e.g., excluding frozen pizzas). Only pizzas which followed these guidelines could be called "traditional Italian pizzas", at least in Italy.


Italy has also requested that the European Union safeguard some traditional Italian pizzas, such as "Margherita" and "marinara".[6] The European Union enacted a protected designation of origin system in the 1990s. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Protected geographical indications in the European Union. ...


Records

  • The largest pizza ever made was at the Norwood Pick 'n Pay Hypermarket in Johannesburg, South Africa. According to the Guinness Book of Records the pizza was 37.4 meters in diameter and was made using 500 kg of flour, 800 kg of cheese and 900 kg of tomato puree. This was accomplished on December 8, 1990.[7]
  • On 22 March 2001, Bernard Jordaan of Butler's Pizza, Cape Town, South Africa, delivered a pizza 11042 km (6861 miles) from Cape Town to Sydney, Australia, to set the world record for the longest pizza delivery. This record was acknowledged in the Guinness Book of Records.
  • In Feltham, London, a new record for the farthest food delivery was achieved by Lucy Clough of Domino's. A vegetarian supreme pizza was cooked on November 17, 2004 and travelled a distance of 10,532 miles to its delivery point at 30 'Ramsey Street', Melbourne, on November 19, 2004. The record is in the 2006 version of the book of Guinness World Records.
  • Most expensive pizza created was made by the restaurateur Domenico Crolla who created a $2,745.00 priced Valentine pizza which included toppings such as sunblush-tomato sauce, Scottish smoked salmon, medallions of venison, edible gold, lobster marinated in the finest cognac and champagne-soaked caviar.[8]
  • What has been called "the world's most extravagant pizza" is available at New York's Nino's Bellissima restaurant. Topped with six varieties of caviar, chives, fresh lobster and creme fraîche, this 12-inch pie, called the "Luxury Pizza," retails at $1,000.00 (or $125.00 a slice).[9]

Pick n Pay is a large supermarket chain store in South Africa. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... Suresh Joachim, minutes away from breaking the ironing world record at 55 hours and 5 minutes, at Shoppers World, Brampton. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - City 2,499 km²  (964. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Suresh Joachim, minutes away from breaking the ironing world record at 55 hours and 5 minutes, at Shoppers World, Brampton. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Valentine may refer to: A card or gift given on Valentines Day // in the United States: Valentine, Nebraska Valentine Hall, dining hall at Amherst College in Australia: Valentine, New South Wales, a suburb of Lake Macquarie Valentine Island, an island off Western Australia in France Valentine, Haute-Garonne, a... Smoked salmon is salmon, typically a fillet that has been cured using salt and generally sugar and then hot or cold smoked. ... Leg of venison on apple sauce with dumplings and vegetables Venison is meat of the family Cervidae. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For the band of the same name, see Caviar (band). ... Binomial name Allium schoenoprasum L. Chives (Allium schoenoprasum), is the smallest species of the onion family[1] Alliaceae, native to Europe, Asia and North America[2]. They are referred to only in the plural, because they grow in clumps rather than as individual plants. ... Containers of crème fraîche Crème fraîche (IPA: , French for fresh cream) is a heavy cream slightly soured with bacterial culture, but not as sour or as thick as sour cream. ...

See also

Find more information on Pizza by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... // Bread is one of humankind’s oldest prepared foods and dates back at least to the neolithic. ... For the SpongeBob SquarePants episode, see Pizza Delivery (SpongeBob SquarePants). ... A calzone (Italian stocking or pants (not used frequently for pants: pantaloni is the modern usage for the word pants, plural calzoni), sometimes referred to as a stuffed or folded pizza, is an Italian turnover made from pizza dough and stuffed with cheese and marinara sauce (usually mozzarella cheese and... Focaccia bread with rosemary garnish. ... Tomato pie is a pizza-like food that is common in Italian-American populations, usually served at room temperature instead of hot. ... A pizza farm or pizza garden is a circular region of land partitioned into pie-shaped wedges, each dedicated to the production of a separate ingredient necessary or useful for making pizza. ... A culinary profession is cooking as a profession, i. ... The World Pizza Championship is an event held every year to determine the worlds best pizza makers. ... Mexican pizza is a pizza-like dish with toppings typical of Mexican cuisine such as beans and jalapeños. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://europa.eu.int/comm/agriculture/qual/it/147_it.htm
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ http://fornobravo.com/brick_oven_cooking/brick_oven_recipes/flatbread/cecina.html
  4. ^ Bill for traditional Italian pizza
  5. ^ Permissible ingredients and methods of processing
  6. ^ Più vicina la tutela europea per la pizza, from an Italian government website
  7. ^ Pizza Records
  8. ^ Chef cooks £2,000 Valentine pizza, BBC News.
  9. ^ New York Restaurant Cooks Up $1,000 Pizza Pie, Reuters, as given by Fox News on March 15, 2007.

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