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Encyclopedia > Pixley ka Isaka Seme

Pixley ka Isaka Seme (October 1, 1881-1951) was a founder and President of the African National Congress. October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... The African National Congress (ANC), originally (until 1923) South African Native National Congress, has been South Africas governing party since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ...

He was born in Natal, South Africa of Royal Zulu blood. At 17 years of age Seme was educated in the U.S., first at the Mount Hermon School and then Columbia University. In 1906, his senior year at University, he was awarded the Curtis Medal, Columbia's highest oratorical honor. He subsequently decided to become an attorney and earned an advanced degree from Oxford University. Natal is a former British colony, and a South African province. ... The Zulu are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Northfield Mount Hermon Northfield Mount Hermon (NMH) is a ninth-twelfth grade private college preparatory high school (secondary school) located in western Massachusetts, U.S.A. Its Northfield campus is located in Northfield, Massachusetts, and its Mount Hermon campus is located in nearby Gill, Massachusetts. ... Columbia University is a private university in New York City. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Oratory is the art of eloquent speech. ... An attorney is someone who represents someone else in the transaction of business: For attorney-at-law, see lawyer, solicitor, barrister or civil law notary. ... The University of Oxford, situated in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...

Seme's nationalist organizing of African tribes paralleled the contemporaneous efforts of Mahatma Ghandi with South African Indians. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी), called Mahatma Gandhi, was the charismatic leader who brought the cause of Indias independence from British colonial rule to world attention. ...

The birthdate listed is not certain--it was Seme's personal estimate at the time of his application to Mount Hermon.

External Links

  • Seme (http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/people/seme.html). ANC Biography.
  • "Native Union" (http://www.anc.org.za/ancdocs/history/early/native_union.htm). Article by Seme, in Imvo Zabantsundu, October 24, 1911.
  • "Formation of the African National Congress, 1912" (http://countrystudies.us/south-africa/19.htm). Compiled by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress.

  Results from FactBites:
Seme (12226 words)
Seme was not the first fl South African to study overseas (Tiyo Soga was ordained into the Presbyterian Church in Scotland in the 1850s, for instance) but he was one of the earliest.
Seme was to be instrumental in the founding of the ANC's newspaper Abantu-Batho in 1912 but one of the tragedies of South African history is that no complete run of this paper survives even though it lasted into the early 1930s.
Seme later claimed to be a nephew of Umqawe, one of the most powerful chiefs of Zululand, but a conflicting opinion seemed to suggest that he came from a humble, Tonga family which for a long time identified itself with the Zulus.
  More results at FactBites »



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