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Encyclopedia > Pixelization
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An example of pixelation. ... Pixilation (from pixilated) is a stop motion technique where live actors are used as a frame-by-frame subject in an animated film, by repeatedly posing while one or more frame is taken and changing pose slightly before the next frame or frames. ... For other uses, see Censor. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 955 KB) The spoils of a book burner. ... As with many Soviet-allied countries prior to the fall of the Berlin Wall, the government of the former German Democratic Republic (German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik) applied wide censorship during its existence from 1949 to 1990. ... Censorship in South Asia can apply to books, movies the Internet and other media. ... There is basically no censorship in Taiwan since 1977 when all the censorship had been eliminated. ...

By media

Banned films
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Bold text Advertising regulation refers to the laws and rules defining the ways in which products can be advertised in a particular region. ... Editing of anime in American distribution describes the process of altering anime to prepare it to be distributed in the United States and forms part of the process of localization. ... This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy certain standards for completeness. ... For nearly the entire history of film production, certain films have been either boycotted by political and religious groups or literally banned by a regime for political or moral reasons. ... A re-edited film is a film that has been edited from the original theatrical release. ... Censorship of Music, the practice of censoring music from the public, may take the form of partial or total censorship with the latter banning the music entirely. ... Video games have been the subject of controversy and censorship, due to the depiction of graphic violence, sex themes, consumption of illegal drugs, consumption of alcohol or tobacco, or profanity in some games. ...

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MTV The BBC is a public service broadcasting corporation and, as such, it has always felt some obligation to standards of taste and decency, to varying levels, at different times in its history. ... Censorship on MTV has been the subject of debate for years. ...

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Book burning
Bleep censor
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Book burning is the practice of ceremoniously destroying by fire one or more copies of a book or other written material. ... A bleep censor is used to filter out inappropriate audio content during a live United States the Federal Communications Commission has the constitutional right to regulate indecent broadcasts. ... DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ... During times of war post from the front is often opened and offending parts blanked or cut out. ... Prior restraint is a legal term referring to a governments actions that prevent materials from being published. ... Self-censorship is the act of censoring and/or classifying ones own book(s), film(s), or other kind of art to avoid offending others without an authority pressuring them to do so. ... There is also a WFMU radio program called Seven Second Delay. ... This article is for the meaning of censorship. ...

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Corporate censorship is a term used to denote either censorship through legal challenges, through refusal to sell a product, or refusal to advertise or allow air time. ... Censorship in Italy under Fascism Censorship in Italy was not created with Fascism, nor it ended with it, but it had a relevantly heavy importance in the life of Italians under the Regime. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Censorship by religion is a form of censorship where freedom of expression is controlled or limited using religious authority or on the basis of the teachings of the religion. ...

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Pixelation was used to anonymize this photograph by applying a mosaic to the face and shirt.
Pixelation was used to anonymize this photograph by applying a mosaic to the face and shirt.

Pixelization is a video- and image-editing technique where an image, or part of it, is blurred by displaying part or all of it at a lower resolution. It is also a censorship technique. A familiar example of pixelization can be found in television news and documentary production, where vehicle license plates and faces of suspects at crime scenes are routinely obscured to maintain the presumption of innocence, and footage showing nude genitalia, butts, or breasts is likewise obscured in some media – often on network television in the US, before the watershed in other countries, in newspapers or general magazines, or in places where the public cannot avoid seeing the image such as on billboards. However in cinemas, on DVD and subscription television services, in pornography except for few countries where the law requires it, and in men's magazines pixelization is not usually used for this purpose. When obscene language is censored by a bleep, the mouth of the speaker may be pixelized to prevent lip reading. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... Photography [fÓ™tÉ‘grÓ™fi:],[foÊŠtÉ‘grÓ™fi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... // Introduction A license plate, number plate or registration plate (often referred to simply as a plate, or colloquially tag) is a small metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle for official identification purposes. ... Presumption of innocence is a legal right that the accused in criminal trials has in many modern nations. ... The word nude may refer to: The state of nudity. ... Watershed is a term used in the United Kingdom (as well as Canada) to describe a time in television schedules beyond which it is permissible to show television programmes which have adult content. It is known in the US as Safe Harbor. Adult content can be generally defined as having... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Porn redirects here. ... A bleep censor is used to filter out inappropriate audio content during a live United States the Federal Communications Commission has the constitutional right to regulate indecent broadcasts. ... Lip reading, also known as lipreading, speech reading, or speechreading, is a technique of understanding speech by visually interpreting the movements of the lips, face and tongue with information provided by the context, language, and any residual hearing. ...

The obscured image may not be truly offensive, but merely something production doesn't want to show. For example, they may be wanting to save something for a proper reveal, or they may want to avoid unintentional product placement (censorship for this purpose is more common on reality shows). For most censorship purposes, pixelization has been mostly supplanted by simply blurring the image, so as to appear one is looking at the image through fogged glass. Wikibooks [[wikibooks:|]] has more about this subject: Marketing Product placement advertisements are promotional ads placed by marketers using real commercial products and services in media, where the presence of a particular brand is the result of an economic exchange. ... This article is about the material. ...

In early 2006, the website Ironic Sans noticed with tongue in cheek that reality TV shows pixelize logos on clothing so much, that it might make reality TV producers' lives easier if there were a line of pre-pixelated clothes for Reality TV stars [1]. The idea was picked up by major media, and the shirts have been featured on television, and in fashion and entertainment publications worldwide. Reality television is a genre of television programming in which the fortunes of real life people (as opposed to fictional characters played by actors) are followed. ... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ...

  • On the famous TV show COPS producers blur faces of suspects and witnesses who refuse to sign a release form.

It has also been used for artistic effects, notably in the art print The Wave of the Future, a reinterpretation of Katsushika Hokusai's The Great Wave at Kanagawa. In this updated print, the image of the large ocean wave shifts from the traditional style of the Japanese woodcut print through a pixelated image and finally to a wireframe model computer graphics image. Not to be confused with C.O.P.S. (TV series). ... Katsushika Hokusai, (葛飾北斎), (1760—1849[1]), was a Japanese artist, ukiyo-e painter and printmaker of the Edo period . ... The Great Wave off Kanagawa[1] The Great Wave off Kanagawa ) is a famous woodblock printing by Hokusai. ... Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer Ukiyo-e woodcut, Ishiyama Moon by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1889) Woodcut is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface... A wire frame model is a visual presentation of an electronic representation of a three dimensional or physical object used in 3D computer graphics. ... This article is about the scientific discipline of computer graphics. ...

The pixelization effect is a standard graphics filter, available in all but the most basic bitmap graphics editors. Paint (formerly Paintbrush for Windows) is a simple graphics painting program that has been included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows since its first release. ...

For equivalent censorship, black rectangular or square boxes known as censor bars may be used to cover parts of images completely, for example a black box over the eyes can be used rather than pixelating the entire face. This article refers to the sight organ. ...

Legal standards

Japanese pornography laws require that genitals in movies be obscured. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

In Thailand, Malaysia, and some surrounding countries, restrictions are placed on TV broadcasting of cigarettes being smoked[1], alcohol being drunk, or guns being pointed at people. Pixelation is the preferred method of dealing with this 'objectionable' content.

See also

For other uses, see Censor. ... Reverse video is a way of displaying, wherein the background and text or the colors are reversed so that the appearance is that of a negative of the original display. ... There is also a WFMU radio program called Seven Second Delay. ...


  1. ^ 2Bangkok.com: "Smoking on Thai TV" Retrieved February 15, 2007
Look up pixelization, pixelisation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
What is pixel? - a definition from Whatis.com (474 words)
If, however, you've set the resolution to something less than the maximum resolution, a pixel will be larger than the physical size of the screen's dot (that is, a pixel will use more than one dot).
The specific color that a pixel describes is some blend of three components of the color spectrum - RGB.
A bitmap is a file that indicates a color for each pixel along the horizontal axis or row (called the x coordinate) and a color for each pixel along the vertical axis (called the y coordinate).
Pixel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1739 words)
The intensity of each pixel is variable; in color systems, each pixel has typically three or four dimensions of variability such and red, green and blue, or cyan, magenta, yellow and fl.
Pixels on computer monitors are usually square, but pixels used in digital video have non-square aspect ratios, such as those used in the PAL and NTSC variants of the CCIR 601 digital video standard, and the corresponding anamorphic widescreen formats.
The technique, referred to as subpixel rendering, uses knowledge of pixel geometry to manipulate the three coloured sub-pixels separately, and is most effective with flat-panel displays set to their native resolutions (because the pixel geometry of such displays is usually fixed and predictable).
  More results at FactBites »



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