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Piura: Plaza de Armas
Piura: Plaza de Armas

Piura is a city in northwestern Peru. It is the capital of the Piura Region and the Piura Province. The population is 359,400. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 308 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 308 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Piura is a department in Peru. ... Jump to: navigation, search Location in the Piura Region Founded March 20, 1861 Capital Piura Area 6,211. ...


It was here that Spanish Conqueror Francisco Pizarro founded the first Spanish city in Peru, San Miguel de Piura, in 1532, thus also becoming the first Spanish city in South America. Piura declared its indepedence on January 4, 1821. Jump to: navigation, search Francisco Pizarro ( 1475–June 26, 1541) was a Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Inca Empire and founder of the city of Lima, the modern-day capital of Peru. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...

Contents


History

Like most of northern Peru, the territory of Piura had been inhabited by their autochthonous group of natives called tallanes and yungas of (caribean origin)which came from the Peruvian sierra. These lived without an organization or single leader to rule until the Mochicas eventually took control. Centuries later, Piura came under the rule of Tupac Inca Yupanqui, at least 40 years before the Spanish arrived. Moche Pottery (Image © PROMPERU, used with permission) The Moche civilization (aka the Mochica culture, Early Chimu, Pre-Chimu, Proto-Chimu, etc. ... Drawing of Tupac Inca Yupanqui by Guaman Poma (1615) Tupac Inca Yupanqui was head of the Inca army from 1463 through 1471 and became the second Inca of Tahuantinsuyu after his fathers death in 1471. ...


With the arrival of the Spanish, the mestizo and creole culture was born from their mix and the aborinal, the actual Piura: This also includes influences from spanish Extremadura the arrival of african slaves from Madagascar (Malgache slaves), chinese coolies that came to the rice fields and roma gypsies whom came as pirates or incongite bohemian hordsmen and now called are called "Piajenos" (they ride donkies or mules). You can see them ride in the Sechura deserts and resemble american cowboys, argentinan gauchos and mexican charros; they are most famous as the best Cumanana and Tondero singers and players; aswell makers of silversmith works of art (filgrana earings), leathers, hats and baskets: Catacaos is an example.


Colonial legacy

Piura served as the first main port through which the Inca gold the Spaniards had gathered was shipped back to Spain. Already in 1534, Sebastián de Belalcázar, one of Pizarro's men, left Piura to conquer the Inca bastion in Quito. For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Events February 27 - Group of Anabaptists of Jan Matthys seize Münster and declare it The New Jerusalem - they begin to exile dissenters and forcible baptize all others May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... Sebastián de Belalcázar was a Spanish conquistador. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

An example of a colonial house and church in Piura
An example of a colonial house and church in Piura

As the most ancient colonial city in Peru, its location was changed three times before it was established on its present location. The cathedral of Piura was built in 1588. The altar is covered in gold leaf and has a painting of Ignacio Merino, a renowned Peruvian artist. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (877x568, 383 KB) Colonial Houses, Piura, Peru File links The following pages link to this file: Piura ... Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (877x568, 383 KB) Colonial Houses, Piura, Peru File links The following pages link to this file: Piura ...


Present Piura

The main of the two campuses of the University of Piura is located locally, while the other is in Lima. Universidad de Piura The University of Piura is a private university in Peru. ... Lima is the capital and largest city in Peru. ...


The city is also well known for its artisans who weave straw hats and make silverware.


A museum commemorating the memory of Miguel Grau, a renowned Peruvian naval officer in the War of the Pacific, is located in Piura. Miguel Grau Seminario Rear Admiral Miguel Grau Seminario (July 27, 1834 - October 8, 1879) was a renowned Peruvian naval officer and hero of the Naval Battle of Angamos during the War of the Pacific (1879-1884). ... The War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru, from 1879 to 1884. ...


Two airlines serve Piura, with flights to Lima and Chiclayo: LAN Peru and Tans Perú Lima is the capital and largest city in Peru. ... Chiclayo is a city on the northern coastal plain in Peru. ... LAN Peru is an airline based in Lima, Peru. ...


Culture & Folklore

Piura is host to a stunning mestizo culture (the oldest in south america 1532, Piura is the first spanish city in south america) most famous for gastronomical dishes like Secho de Chavelo (the local dish), Algarrobina drinks, many types of Cebiche and Natilla Sweets.


Popular crafts are the Chulucana Pottery and Catacaos is famous for its "Hats" and "Silversmith" arts.


The Tondero and Cumanana is the traditional dance of mestizo Piura and northern Lambayeque, aswell as the famous peruvian valse (northern peruvians have their style).


"Chicha Music" now called Tecnocumbia (originally a peruvian styled cumbia), is also quite popular all over, aswell as Salsa among youngsters.


  Results from FactBites:
 
PIURA - LoveToKnow Article on PIURA (1029 words)
The department belongs partly to the arid coastal plain that extends from the Gulf of Guayaquil southward nearly to Valparaiso, and partly to a broken mountainous region belonging to the Western Cordilleras.
The coastal zone is traversed by the Tumbes, Chira and Piura rivers, which have their sources in the melting snows of the higher Andes and flow westward across the desert to the coast.
The valleys of the Chira and Piura are irrigated and maintain large populations Rough cotton, called " vegetable wool," and tobacco are the principal products, and are also produced in the valley of the Tumbes and in some of the elevated mountain districts.
Rumbos Online: Piura: Romance of the sun and moon (2259 words)
Piura is a land of great men, intellectuals, artists and heroes: Carlos Augusto Salaverry, a romantic poet of the last century; and Merino, one of the great Peruvian classical masters.
Piura is responsible for 33% of Peru's petroleum output.
Hocquengheim says that Piura is not esteemed as highly as it should be; in fact, she claims it is a forgotten treasure, even by its own inhabitants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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