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Encyclopedia > Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra

The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra is one of the major orchestras in the United States. It is based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. An orchestra is a musical ensemble used most often in classical music. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 255 km 455 km 2. ...

The orchestra was founded by the Pittsburgh Arts Society in 1895, and played its first concert the following year. Its first conductor was Frederic Archer, who brought in a number of players from the Boston Symphony Orchestra to strengthen the new ensemble. 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... The Boston Symphony Orchestra is one of the worlds most renowned orchestras. ...

Archer left in 1898 to be replaced by Victor Herbert, who took the orchestra on several tours and greatly increased the orchestra's presence. Herbert was replaced by Emil Paur in 1904. The orchestra attracted a number of prominent guest conductors in these early years, including Edward Elgar and Richard Strauss, but had to be disbanded in 1910 due to financial difficulties. 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Victor August Herbert (February 1, 1859–May 26, 1924) was a popular composer of light opera. ... Emil Paur (born 1855 in Czernowitz, Austria, now Ukraine, died 1932 in Mistek, Czechoslovakia, now the Czech Republic) was an Austrian conductor. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sir Edward Elgar Sir Edward Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 1857 â€“ 23 February 1934) was an English composer. ... Richard Strauss (June 11, 1864 – September 8, 1949) was a German composer of the late Romantic era, particularly noted for his tone poems and operas. ... -1...

It was 1926 before the orchestra was resurrected with its members rehearsing for no fee, and each contributing money to make a new season the following year possible. The orchestra's leader, Elias Breeskin, was also its conductor for the first few years. In 1930, Antonio Modarelli was brought in as conductor. In 1937, Otto Klemperer was brought in to reorganise the orchestra, and he is credited with raising the orchestra to an international level in an incredibly short period of time. 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Otto Klemperer (May 14, 1885 – July 6, 1973) was a German-born conductor and composer. ...

Since then, the orchestra's existence has been unbroken. Fritz Reiner (1938-48) led the orchestra as Music Director for a decade, imposing his precise technical demands, further elevating the orchestra's reputation. From 1948-52, a series of guest conductors led the orchestra, including such legends as Leonard Bernstein and Leopold Stokowski. William Steinberg (1952-76) then led the orchestra, taking them on a grand tour of Europe and recording a prolific amount of material. The virtuoso AndrĂ© Previn (1976-84) followed, bringing the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra a national presence with a television series on PBS. Lorin Maazel (1984-96) took the orchestra on several international tours, and showed the world that the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra truly belonged ranked among the greats. Mariss Jansons (1996-2004) infused new energy and ideas into the orchestra, readying it for the 21st Century. In addition to their work at Pittsburgh, the five most recent conductors have seen truly international success at a number of the world's other most prestigious orchestras, further demonstrating Pittsburgh's world-class reputation. This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... The title of music director is used by many orchestras to designate the primary conductor of the orchestra. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, pianist and conductor. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni StanisÅ‚aw BolesÅ‚awowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... William Steinberg (originally Hans Wilhelm Steinberg) (August 1, 1899 – May 16, 1978) was a German Jewish conductor. ... Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... A virtuoso (from the Latin virtus meaning: skill, manliness, excellence) is an individual who possesses outstanding mechanical ability at playing a musical instrument. ... André Previn, KBE (born April 6, 1930)¹ is a prominent pianist, orchestral conductor, and composer. ... PBS re-directs here; for alternate uses see PBS (disambiguation) PBS logo The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... Lorin Varencove Maazel (born March 6, 1930) is a conductor, violinist and composer. ... Mariss Jansons (born 1943) is a prominent Latvian conductor. ... The 21st century is the century that began on 1 January 2001 and will last to 31 December 2100. ...

Currently, Sir Andrew Davis (2005-) serves as Artistic Advisor, and Marvin Hamlisch serves as Principal Pops Conductor (1995-). Sir Andrew Frank Davis (born February 2, 1944) is a British conductor. ... Marvin Hamlisch (born June 2, 1944) is one of the most successful composers of the twentieth century. ...

After playing concerts in its earliest form at Carnegie Music Hall, the orchestra moved to the Syria Mosque--sadly, now a parking lot--where many of their most famous recordings were done. In 1971 they moved to Heinz Hall, a move funded by Henry J. Heinz II of the famous H. J. Heinz Company. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Heinz Hall hosts the renowned Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra in Pittsburghs Cultural District. ... H. J. Heinz Company NYSE: HNZ, commonly known as just Heinz, famous for both its 57 Varieties slogan and its commerical jingle Beanz Meanz Heinz, was founded in 1869 by Henry John Heinz in Sharpsburg, Pennsylvania. ...

In 2004, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra became the first American orchestra to play for the Pope. Their performance included the powerful Mahler Symphony No. 2, and in a rare occurrence, the Pope personally requested an encore at the performance. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Pope (from Greek: pappas, father; from Latin: papa, Papa, father) is the head of the Catholic Church, which considers him the successor of St. ... Gustav Mahler in 1909 Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and conductor. ... A performance of Mahlers 2nd Symphony The Symphony No. ... The encore is an additional extra performance of a musical piece at the end of the regular concert, which is not listed in the event setlist. ...

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