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Encyclopedia > Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
City of Pittsburgh
Flag of City of Pittsburgh
Flag
Official seal of City of Pittsburgh
Seal
Nickname: City of Bridges, Steel City, City of Champions, The 'Burgh, Iron City, Steel Town, The College City, Roboburgh
Motto: Benigno Numine ("With the Benevolent Deity")
Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°26′30″N 80°00′00″W / 40.44167, -80
Country Flag of the United States United States
Commonwealth Flag of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Founded November 25, 1758
Incorporated April 22, 1794 (borough)
  March 18, 1816 (city)
Government
 - Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D)
Area
 - City 151.1 km² (58.3 sq mi)
 - Land 143.9 km² (55.5 sq mi)
 - Water 7.2 km² (2.8 sq mi)
 - Metro 13,839 km² (5,343 sq mi)
Elevation 372.77 m (1,223 ft)
Population (U.S. Census Estimate, 2006)
 - City 312,819
 - Density 2,174/km² (5,636/sq mi)
 - Metro 2,370,776
  [1][2]
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 412, 724, 878
Website: www.city.pittsburgh.pa.us

Pittsburgh (pronounced IPA: /ˈpɪtsbɚg/) is the second largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as well as the 22nd largest metropolitan area in the United States. It is the county seat of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Built on land surrounding the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, where they merge to form the Ohio river, Pittsburgh features a skyline of 151 skyscrapers,[3] 446 bridges,[4] two inclined railways and a pre-revolutionary fortification. Residents of the city are called Pittsburghers. The downtown area is located on the triangular parcel at the confluence of the rivers. Pittsburgh is noted for bridges of all types throughout the city and is commonly known as the "The City of Bridges" or "The Bridge Capital" of the U.S. The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ... Pittsburg was at one time a common spelling of the city now always written as Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (849 × 531 pixel, file size: 72 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) by gocarlo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pittsburgh,_Pennsylvania. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Image File history File links Pittsburgh_city_coat. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1170x800, 178 KB)Made using US Census Bureau Data. ... Pittsburgh skyline The Allegheny County Courthouse Allegheny County is a county in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... List of Pennsylvania counties: Pennsylvania counties Adams County, formed in 1800 from parts of York County. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pittsburgh skyline The Allegheny County Courthouse Allegheny County is a county in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Luke Ravenstahl (born February 6, 1980, in Troy Hill, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is the current Mayor of Pittsburgh. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 412 is a Commonwealth of Pennsylvania telephone area code which serves the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... 724 is an area code used in the suburbs of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, notably New Castle and Uniontown. ... 878 is an overlay area code for area codes 412 and 724 in south-western Pennsylvania centered in Pittsburgh. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Pittsburgh skyline The Allegheny County Courthouse Allegheny County is a county in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... The Allegheny River (historically, especially in New York state, also spelled Allegany River) is a principal tributary of the Ohio River, which it forms with the Monongahela River at the downtown Pittsburghs Golden Triangle point. The river is approximately 325 mi (523 km) long, in the U.S. states... The South Tenth Street Bridge over the Monongahela River in Pittsburgh in 2005 The Monongahela River in Fairmont, West Virginia in 2006 Monongahela River Scene, 1857[11] Opekiska Lock and Dam on the Monongahela River near Fairmont, West Virginia at river mile 115 The Monongahela River (pronounced , also known locally... View of Pittsburgh, the largest metropolitan area on the Ohio River, where the Allegheny River (left) and the Monongahela River (right) join at Point State Park to form the Ohio River Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ...


Though Pittsburgh's economy was traditionally fueled by heavy manufacturing to the detriment of local air and water quality, today it is largely based on healthcare, education, technology and financial services, while Forbes magazine called it one of cleanest cities in the world[5][6] Robotics, for example, is such an emergent sector of the local economy that the Wall Street Journal dubbed the city "Roboburgh."[7] Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Financial services is a term used to refer to the services provided by the finance industry. ... The Shadow robot hand system holding a lightbulb. ... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ...


Despite its declining population, Pittsburgh remains the principal cultural and economic influence in the eastern Ohio River Valley. Also, though the city proper is diminishing in population, some areas of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area continue to grow.[8] Because of its low cost of living, economic opportunities, education, transportation and medical infrastructure, Pittsburgh is consistently ranked high in livability surveys. In 2007, Pittsburgh was named "America's Most Livable City" by Places Rated Almanac.[9] The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Pittsburgh

The first Europeans arrived in the 1710s as traders. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a manuscript in 1717, and later that year European traders established posts and settlements in the area.[10] In 1749, French soldiers from Quebec launched a serious expedition to the forks in hopes of uniting French Canada with French Louisiana via the rivers.[10] Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia sent Major George Washington to warn the French to withdraw. During 1753–1754, the English hastily built Fort Prince George, but a larger French expedition forced them to evacuate and constructed Fort Duquesne on the site. These events led to the French and Indian War. British General Edward Braddock's campaign (with Washington as his aide) to take Fort Duquesne failed, but General John Forbes's subsequent campaign succeeded. After the French abandoned and destroyed Fort Duquesne in 1758, Forbes ordered the construction of Fort Pitt, named after British Secretary of State William Pitt the Elder. He also named the settlement between the rivers "Pittsborough."[11] The Fort Pitt Blockhouse, dating to 1764, is the oldest structure in Pittsburgh. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Flag In 1803, the United States concluded the Louisiana Purchase (green area) with France. ... Robert Dinwiddie (1693–July 27, 1770) was a British colonial administrator who served as Lieutenant Governor of colonial Virginia from 1751 to 1758, first under governor Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, and then, from July 1756 to January 1758, as deputy for John Campbell, 4th Earl of... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... 19th century illustration of Fort Duquesne, by Alfred Waud. ... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... General Edward Braddock General Edward Braddock (1695? – July 13, 1755) was a British soldier and commander-in-chief for North America during the actions at the start of the French and Indian War. ... John Forbes (5 September 1707 – March 11, 1759) was a British general in the French and Indian War. ... A Plan of the New Fort at Pitts-Burgh, drawn by cartographer John Rocque and published in 1765. ... William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (15 November 1708–11 May 1778) was a British statesman who achieved his greatest fame as war minister during the Seven Years War and who was later Prime Minister of Great Britain. ...


During Pontiac's Rebellion, Ohio Valley and Great Lakes tribes besieged Fort Pitt for two months. The siege was ended after Colonel Bouquet defeated the native forces in the Battle of Bushy Run just to the east of the forks. Combatants British Empire American Indians Commanders Jeffrey Amherst, Henry Bouquet Pontiac, Guyasuta Strength ~3,000 soldiers[1] ~3,500 warriors[2] Casualties 450 soldiers killed, 2,000 civilians killed or captured, 4,000 civilians displaced ~200 warriors killed, possible additional war-related deaths from disease Pontiacs Rebellion was a... Combatants Ohio Country natives Great Britain Commanders Guyasuta Simeon Ecuyer William Trent The Siege of Fort Pitt took place in 1763 in what is now the city of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... Combatants Ohio Country natives Great Britain Commanders Guyasuta Keekyuscung â€  Henry Bouquet Strength Unknown 500 Casualties ~60 killed 50 killed, 60 wounded, 5 missing The Battle of Bushy Run was fought during Pontiacs Rebellion between a British relief column under the command of Colonel Henry Bouquet and a combined force...


In the 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix, the descendants of William Penn purchased from the Six Nations western lands that included most of the present site of Pittsburgh. In 1769, a survey was made of the land situated between the two rivers, called the "Manor of Pittsburgh."[12] Both Virginia and Pennsylvania claimed the Pittsburgh area during colonial times and would continue to do so until 1780 when both states agreed to extend the Mason-Dixon Line westward, placing Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania. Two different treaties between Native Americans and European-Americans were signed at Fort Stanwix, which was located near present-day Rome, New York. ... For other uses, see William Penn (disambiguation). ... The term Six Nations can refer to: The six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, a union of Native American/First Nations tribes. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For the fictional character, see Mason Dixon (Rocky Balboa character). ...

The Fort Pitt Blockhouse, dating to 1764, is the oldest extant structure in the city of Pittsburgh.
The Fort Pitt Blockhouse, dating to 1764, is the oldest extant structure in the city of Pittsburgh.

Following the American Revolution, the village of Pittsburgh continued to grow. One of its earliest industries was building boats for settlers to enter the Ohio Country. In 1784, the laying out of the "Town of Pittsburgh" was completed by Thos. Viceroy of Bedford County and approved by the attorney of the Penns in Philadelphia. The year 1794 saw the short-lived Whiskey Rebellion. The Act of March 5, 1804, which modified the provision of the old charter of the Borough of Pittsburgh in 1794 (the original of which is not known to exist), refers throughout to the "Borough of Pittsburgh."[12][citations needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1263 KB)Bouquets Blockhouse, Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), photographed April 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1263 KB)Bouquets Blockhouse, Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), photographed April 2006. ... A 19th-century-era block house in Fort York, Toronto In military science, a blockhouse is a small, isolated fort in the form of a single building. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... Washington leads his troops to western Pennsylvania (Metropolitan Museum of Art) The Whiskey Rebellion, less commonly known as the Whiskey Insurrection, was a popular uprising that had its beginnings in 1791 and culminated in an insurrection in 1794 in the locality of Washington, Pennsylvania, in the Monongahela Valley. ...


The War of 1812 cut off the supply of British goods, stimulating American manufacture. By 1815, Pittsburgh was producing significant quantities of iron, brass, tin and glass products. The Act of March 18, 1816 incorporated the City of Pittsburgh. The original charter was burned when the old Court House was destroyed by fire. In the 1830s, many Welsh people from the steelworks of Merthyr migrated to the city following the civil strife and aftermath of the Merthyr Riots of 1831. By the 1840s, Pittsburgh was one of the largest cities west of the Allegheny Mountains. A great fire burned over a thousand buildings in 1845, but the city rebuilt. By 1857, Pittsburgh's 1,000 factories were consuming 22,000,000 bushels of coal yearly. This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... Court House is a Washington Metro station in Arlington County, Virginia on the Orange Line. ... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... Merthyr Tydfil (Welsh: ) is a town and county borough in Mid Glamorgan, south Wales, United Kingdom, with a population of about 55,000. ... The Allegheny Mountain Range (also spelled Alleghany and Allegany) -- informally, the Alleghenies -- is part of the Appalachian Mountain Range of the eastern United States. ...


The American Civil War boosted the city's economy with increased production of iron and armaments. Steel production began by 1875, when Andrew Carnegie founded the J. Edgar Thomson Steel Works in Braddock, which eventually evolved into the Carnegie Steel Company. The success and growth of Carnegie Steel was attributed to Henry Bessemer, inventor of the Bessemer Process. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Braddock is a borough located in the eastern suburbs of Pittsburgh in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, ten miles (16 km) above the mouth of the Monongahela river. ... The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from a molten pig iron. ...

Monongahela River Scene, 1857
Monongahela River Scene, 1857[13]

In 1901, the U.S. Steel Corporation was formed, and by 1911 Pittsburgh was producing between a third and a half of the nation's steel. The city's population swelled to half a million, many of whom were immigrants from Europe who arrived via the great migration through Ellis Island. During World War II, Pittsburgh produced 95 million tons of steel.[11] By this time, the pollution from burning coal and steel production created a black fog (or smog), which even a century earlier had induced author writer James Parton to dub the city "hell with the lid off"[14]. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x499, 89 KB) Summary A scan of an engraving by Tarbell (possibly Edmund N. Tarbell) of a river scene, Monongahela River, Pittsburgh, Pennsyvania. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x499, 89 KB) Summary A scan of an engraving by Tarbell (possibly Edmund N. Tarbell) of a river scene, Monongahela River, Pittsburgh, Pennsyvania. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Haze be merged into this article or section. ... Wikisource has original works written by or about: James Parton James Parton (February 9, 1822 – October 17, 1891) American biographer, was born in Canterbury, England He was taken to the United States when he was five years old, studied in New York City and White Plains, New York, and was...


Following the war, the city launched a clean air and civic revitalization project known as the "Renaissance." This much-acclaimed effort was followed by the "Renaissance II" project, begun in 1977 and focusing more on cultural and neighborhood development than its predecessor. The industrial base continued to expand through the 1960s, but beginning in the 1970s and 1980s, the steel industry in the region imploded, with massive layoffs and mill closures.


Beginning in the 1980s, the city shifted its economic base to education, tourism, and services, largely based on healthcare, medicine, and high technology such as robotics. During this transition, however, the city's population shrank from 680,000 in 1950 to 330,000 in 2000.[15] Health care or healthcare is one of the worlds largest and fastest growing professions. ...


Name and spelling

Main article: Name of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh was named in 1758 by Gen. John Forbes in honor of a British statesman Sir William Pitt. It was incorporated as a borough in 1794 and chartered as a city in 1816.[16] Pittsburgh is one of the few U.S. cities or towns to be spelled with an h at the end of a burg suffix. ...


Pittsburgh was officially named with its present spelling on April 22, 1794, by an act of the Pennsylvania Department, stating: "Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the said town of Pittsburgh shall be, and the same is hereby, erected into a borough, which shall be called the borough of Pittsburgh for ever."[17]


Pittsburgh is one of the few American cities to be spelled with an h at the end of a burg suffix. For this reason, it is also the most commonly misspelled city in America.[18] While briefly referred to as "Pittsburg" during the late 19th century, in 1911 the Pittsburgh spelling was officially restored.[17]


Geography and climate

Pittsburgh is located at 40°26′29″N, 79°58′38″W (40.441419, -79.977292).GR1 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 151.1 km² (58.3 mi²). 144.0 km² (55.6 mi²) of it is land and 7.2 km² (2.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.75% water. The climate of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania contains both mediterranean and continental influences, due to its topography and distance from the Atlantic Ocean. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The city is on the Allegheny Plateau, where the confluence of the Allegheny River from the northeast and Monongahela River from the southeast form the Ohio River. The Downtown area between the rivers is known as the Golden Triangle, and the site at the actual convergence, which is occupied by Point State Park, is referred to simply as "the Point." In addition to the downtown Golden Triangle, the city extends northeast to include the Oakland and Shadyside sections, which are home to the University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Museum and Library, and many other educational, medical, and cultural institutions. Map of the Allegheny plateau. ... The Allegheny River (historically, especially in New York state, also spelled Allegany River) is a principal tributary of the Ohio River, which it forms with the Monongahela River at the downtown Pittsburghs Golden Triangle point. The river is approximately 325 mi (523 km) long, in the U.S. states... The South Tenth Street Bridge over the Monongahela River in Pittsburgh in 2005 The Monongahela River in Fairmont, West Virginia in 2006 Monongahela River Scene, 1857[11] Opekiska Lock and Dam on the Monongahela River near Fairmont, West Virginia at river mile 115 The Monongahela River (pronounced , also known locally... View of Pittsburgh, the largest metropolitan area on the Ohio River, where the Allegheny River (left) and the Monongahela River (right) join at Point State Park to form the Ohio River Cincinnati, Ohio is a well known city along the Ohio River, historically known for its riverboats. ... Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ... Point State Park and the fountain can be seen in the lower left corner of this photo of Pittsburgh. ... The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


Pittsburgh occupies the slopes of the river valley on the opposite side of the Monongahela and the ridges beyond. Many of the city's neighborhoods, particularly south of the Monongahela, are steeply sloped. In fact, of all U.S. cities, only San Francisco has a more extreme terrain. The city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania officially[1] recognizes the following neighborhoods: Click a neighborhood to navigate to its article. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


This topography is often utilized for physical activity. The city has some 712 sets of stairs, comprising 44,645 treads and 24,090 vertical feet (more than San Francisco, Cincinnati, and Portland, Oregon combined) for pedestrians to traverse its many hills. With the drop of pedestrian traffic across much of the city, and the fact that many of these stairs are outside nuclear neighborhoods, many have fallen into disrepair, covered with vines and weeds. There are hundreds of 'paper streets' composed entirely of stairs and many other steep streets with stairs for sidewalks.[19] Many provide views of the Pittsburgh area.[20] Cincinnati, Ohio viewed from the SW, across the Ohio River from Kentucky. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


The city has established bike and walking trails along its riverfronts and hollows, but steep hills and variable weather can make biking challenging. However, the city will be connected to downtown Washington, D.C. (some 245 miles away) by a continuous bike/running trail through the Alleghenies and along the Potomac Valley. Known as the Great Allegheny Passage and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Towpath, about 95% of this trail has been completed. Police officer on a bicycle Cycling is a means of transport, a form of recreation and a sport. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... In western Pennsylvania, the trail builders grand dream is a motor-free connection between Pittsburgh and Washington DC. In practice, this means a connection from Pittsburgh to Cumberland Maryland, where you can pick up the C&O Canal towpath for the final 185 miles to Washington. ... Canal at Swains Lock Chesapeake and Ohio Canal map The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, abbreviated as the C&O Canal, and occasionally referred to as the Grand Old Ditch, operated from 1836 until 1924 parallel to the Potomac River in Maryland from Cumberland, Maryland to Washington, DC. The total...


Due to its position on the windward side of the Allegheny mountains, Pittsburgh receives heavy precipitation, and many days are subject to overcast skies. Windward is the side of a boat into which the wind is blowing. ...

Climate chart for Pittsburgh
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temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: USTravelWeather.com [1]
Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 72 76 82 89 91 98 103 100 97 87 82 74
Norm High °F 35.1 38.8 49.5 60.7 70.8 79.1 82.7 81.1 74.2 62.5 50.5 39.8
Norm Low °F 19.9 22.3 30.1 39.1 49.2 57.7 62.4 61 53.9 42.5 34.2 25.3
Rec Low °F -22 -12 -1 14 26 34 42 39 31 16 -1 -12
Precip (in) 2.7 2.37 3.17 3.01 3.8 4.12 3.96 3.38 3.21 2.25 3.02 2.86
Source: USTravelWeather.com [2]

City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ...

Cityscape and neighborhoods

Cityscape during the day.
Cityscape during the night.
Cityscape during the night.
Pittsburgh is home to 89 distinct neighborhoods.
Pittsburgh is home to 89 distinct neighborhoods.
View of Downtown and the Roberto Clemente Bridge from the North Shore
Street in Shadyside, a neighborhood in the East End
Street in Shadyside, a neighborhood in the East End
South Side with both the Flats and the Slopes.
South Side with both the Flats and the Slopes.
Common rowhouse scene in Lawrenceville
Common rowhouse scene in Lawrenceville
See also: List of Pittsburgh neighborhoods

The city can be broken down into the Downtown area, called the Golden Triangle,[21] and four main areas surrounding it. These four surrounding areas are further subdivided into distinct neighborhoods (in total, Pittsburgh contains 90 neighborhoods.[22]) These areas, relative to downtown, are known as the North Side, South Side/South Hills, East End, and West End. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 259 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,163 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 259 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,163 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 194 pixelsFull resolution‎ (4,231 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 194 pixelsFull resolution‎ (4,231 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania officially[1] recognizes the following neighborhoods: Click a neighborhood to navigate to its article. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ... The Roberto Clemente Bridge is a 995-foot-long suspension bridge over the Allegheny River in the North Side area of downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links Street_in_Shadyside_Pittsburgh_PA.jpg‎ Street in Shadyside, a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, PA, taken June 12, 2001, by jparise, and found at Flickr under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 2. ... Image File history File links Street_in_Shadyside_Pittsburgh_PA.jpg‎ Street in Shadyside, a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, PA, taken June 12, 2001, by jparise, and found at Flickr under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 2. ... Street in Shadyside, 2001. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 413 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) by me I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 413 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) by me I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania officially[1] recognizes the following neighborhoods: Click a neighborhood to navigate to its article. ... Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ...

See also: Downtown Pittsburgh

Downtown Pittsburgh is tight and compact, featuring many skyscrapers, 9 of which top 500 feet. U.S. Steel Tower is the tallest at 841 feet.[23] The Cultural District comprises a 14 block area of downtown along the Allegheny River. It is packed with theaters and arts venues, and is seeing a growing residential segment. Most significantly, the Pittsburgh Cultural Trust is embarking on Riverparc, a 4-block mixed-use "green" community, featuring 700 residential units and multiple towers between 20–30 stories. The Firstside portion of downtown borders the Monongahela River and the historic Mon Wharf. This area is home to the distinctive PPG Place Gothic glass skyscraper complex. This area too, is seeing a growing residential sector, as new condo towers are constructed and historic office towers are converted to residential use. Downtown is serviced by the Port Authority's light rail and multiple bridges leading north and south.[24] It is also home to Point Park University, The Art Institute of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Culinary Institute, a Robert Morris University branch campus and Duquesne University which is located on the border of Downtown and Uptown. Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ... Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ... The U.S. Steel Tower in downtown Pittsburgh. ... The Cultural District is a fourteen-square block area in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania bordered by the Allegheny River on the north, Tenth Street on the east, Stanwix Street on the west, and Liberty Avenue on the south. ... Pittsburgh Cultural Trust is both a nonprofit arts agency as well as a real estate and economic development catalyst to affect the development of downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by creating an arts and entertainment district—the Cultural District. ... PPG Place is one of the major distinctive and recognizable features of the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania skyline. ... A typical bus stop sign in Allegheny County. ... The Pittsburgh Light Rail, commonly known as The T, is a 25-mile light rail system in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Point Park University is a liberal arts university located in Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Art Institute of Pittsburgh was founded in 1921 and is the oldest and most storied of the Art Institutes throughout North America, serving as the headquarters for the others. ... Robert Morris University is a private co-educational college founded in 1921. ... Duquesne University of the Holy Spirit is a private Catholic university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Founded by members of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit, Duquesne (IPA: ) first opened its doors as the Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy Ghost in October 1878 with an enrollment of 40 students and...


The North Side is home to various neighborhoods in transition. The North Side is primarily composed of residential neighborhoods and is noteworthy for well-constructed and architecturally interesting homes. Many buildings date from the 19th century and are constructed of brick or stone and adorned with decorative woodwork, ceramic tile, slate roofs and stained glass. The North Side is also home to many popular attractions such as Heinz Field, PNC Park, Carnegie Science Center, National Aviary, Andy Warhol Museum, Mattress Factory installation art museum, Children's Museum of Pittsburgh, Penn Brewery and Allegheny Observatory. Northside refers both to the region of Pittsburgh to the north of the Allegheny River and Ohio River and to a small neighborhood within that region. ... Heinz Field is a football stadium located in the North Shore neighborhood, just across the Allegheny River from downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... PNC Park is a baseball stadium located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The National Aviary is Americas only independent indoor nonprofit aviary (that is, abird zoo). ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Mattress Factory is a museum of contemporary art located in Pittsburgh, PA. It exhibits room-sized installation art from across the country and around the world. ... View of the new addition joining the former Post Office building (original Childrens Museum location) to the left and Buhl Planetarium building to the right The Childrens Museum of Pittsburgh is a hands-on museum for kids located in the Northside neighborhood of the City of Pittsburgh. ... Penn Brewery (Pennsylvania Brewing Co. ... The Allegheny Observatory was founded on February 15, 1859 in the city of Allegheny, Pennsylvania. ...


The South Side was once an area composed primarily of dense inexpensive housing for mill workers, but has in recent years become a local Pittsburgher destination. In fact, South Side is one of the most popular neighborhoods to own a home in Pittsburgh. The value of homes in the South Side have increased in value by about 10 percent annually for the past 10 years. The South Side's East Carson Street is one of the most vibrant areas of the city, packed with diverse shopping, ethnic eateries, pulsing nightlife and live music venues. In 1993 the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh purchased the South Side Works steel mill property, and worked together with the community and various developers to create a master plan for a mixed-use development including a riverfront park, office space, housing, health-care facilities, and the Pittsburgh Steelers and Pitt Panthers indoor practice fields. Construction began in 1998, and the Southside Works is now open for business with many store, restaurants, offices, and the world headquarters for American Eagle Outfitters.[25] The South Side is an area of the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Steelers redirects here. ... The sports teams of the University of Pittsburgh or Pitt are known as the Panthers and have a legendary history in all sports, especially basketball and football. ... Southside Works is an open-air super-regional complex located on the southshore of Pittsburghs famous three rivers and just south of the Pittsburgh Technology Center and the University of Pittsburgh. ... American Eagle Outfitters is an American clothing and accessories retailer based in the South Side neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


The East End is home to the University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University, Carlow University, Chatham University, The Carnegie Institute's Museums of Art and Natural History, Frick Art & Historical Center (Clayton and the Frick art museum), Phipps Conservatory, Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall, and the Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium. The neighborhoods of Shadyside and Squirrel Hill are large, wealthy neighborhoods featuring large shopping/business districts. Oakland, heavily populated by undergraduate and graduate students, is home to most of the universities, Schenley Park and the Petersen Events Center. Bloomfield is Pittsburgh's Little Italy and is known for its Italian restaurants and grocers. Lawrenceville is a revitalizing rowhouse neighborhood popular with artists and designers. The Strip District is a popular open-air marketplace by day and one of Pittsburgh's hottest clubbing destinations by night. The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... 199. ... Chatham University is an American liberal arts womens college with coeducational graduate programs located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias Squirrel Hill neighborhood. ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and are located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Frick Art & Historical Center is a cluster of museums and historical buildings in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Main entrance to Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens. ... Soldiers and Sailors National Military Museum and Memorial located in Pittsburgh is the largest memorial in the United States dedicated solely to honoring all branches of military veterans and service personel. ... The Pittsburgh Zoo is one of only six zoo/aquarium centers in the United States. ... Street in Shadyside, 2001. ... Murray Avenue in Squirrel Hill (2005) Squirrel Hill is a large residential neighborhood in the east end of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. As of the census of 2000, there were 26,425 people, 12,030 households, and 6,325 families residing in the 15217 ZIP code, which covers approximately the same... The Cathedral of Learning dominates the Oakland skyline Oakland is the academic center of Pittsburgh and the third largest downtown area in the state of Pennsylvania, behind only Center City Philadelphia and the Central Business District (Downtown Pittsburgh). ... The Cathedral of Learning is visible from Panther Hollow Lake Schenley Park is a large municipal park located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania between the neighborhoods of Oakland, Greenfield, and Squirrel Hill. ... The John M. and Gertrude E. Petersen Events Center is a 12,508-seat multi-purpose arena on the campus of the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Bloomfield is a neighborhood in the East End of the City of Pittsburgh; it is located some three miles from the Golden Triangle, which is the citys center. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Pittsburghs Strip District is a one-half square mile area of land northeast of the central business district bordered to the north by the Allegheny River and to the south by portions of the Hill District. ...


The West End includes Mt. Washington, with its famous view of the Downtown skyline and numerous other residential neighborhoods like Sheraden and Elliott. Mount Washington is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias south city area. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Elliott is a small hilly community located in the West End area of the city of Pittsburgh. ...


Pittsburgh's patchwork of neighborhoods still retain an ethnic character reflecting the city's immigrant history. This includes:

Several neighborhoods on the edges of the city are less urban, featuring tree-lined streets, yards and garages giving a more characteristic suburban feel, while other aforementioned neighborhoods, such as Oakland, the South Side, the North Side, and the Golden Triangle are characterized by a more diverse, urban feel. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The Hill District is considered by many to be the cultural center of African-American life in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Homewood is a predominately African-American area of Pittsburgh, it is normally divided into three parts: West Homewood, North Homewood, and South Homewood. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Murray Avenue in Squirrel Hill (2005) Squirrel Hill is a large residential neighborhood in the east end of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. As of the census of 2000, there were 26,425 people, 12,030 households, and 6,325 families residing in the 15217 ZIP code, which covers approximately the same... Bloomfield is a neighborhood in the East End of the City of Pittsburgh; it is located some three miles from the Golden Triangle, which is the citys center. ... Troy Hill is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias North Side. ... East Allegheny is a neighborhood on Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USAs North Side. ... Eastern Europe is, by convention, a region defined geographically as that part of Europe covering the eastern part of the continent. ... Southside is a neighborhood in the city of Pittsburgh, USA. It has a population of approximately 10,000 people. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Polish Hill (Polish: Polskie Góry) is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 4,768
1820 7,248 52.0%
1830 12,568 73.4%
1840 21,115 68.0%
1850 46,601 120.7%
1860 49,221 5.6%
1870 86,076 74.9%
1880 156,389 81.7%
1890 238,617 52.6%
1900 321,616 34.8%
1910 533,905 66.0%
1920 588,343 10.2%
1930 669,817 13.8%
1940 671,659 0.3%
1950 676,806 0.8%
1960 604,332 -10.7%
1970 520,117 -13.9%
1980 423,938 -18.5%
1990 369,879 -12.8%
2000 334,563 -9.5%

According to the 2000 census there were 334,563 individuals, 163,739 households, and 74,169 families within the city limits. The population of the surrounding metropolitan area was 2,658,695. The largest groups in terms of race were 67.63% White, 27.12% African American, 2.75% Asian, and 1.32% Hispanic (of any race). The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,588, with 20.4% of the population living below the poverty line. Despite the high poverty rate, Pittsburgh once had one of the lowest property crime rates and a lower-than-average violent crime rate among cities of similar size.[26] But recent crime statistics show violent crime has risen.[27] The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Pittsburgh is, according to the number of Croats living in it, the third largest Croat town, after Zagreb and Split. Until the mid 1980s, Pittsburgh held second place.[citation needed] The 5 largest ethnic groups in Pittsburgh are German (19.7%), Irish (15.8%), Italian (11.8%), Polish (8.4%), and English (4.6%). Pittsburgh also has the nation's fifth largest Ukrainian community,[28] as well as some of the largest Slovak, Slovenian, and Serbian communities. Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ...


Local dialect

See also: Pittsburgh English

The Pittsburgh English dialect, also known as "Pittsburghese", derives from influences from the Scottish-Irish, Welsh, German, Central European and Eastern European immigrants. Locals who speak in this dialect are sometimes referred to as "Yinzers" (from the local word for "y'all," yinz). The dialect has some tonal similarities to other nearby regional dialects (ie, Erie, Baltimore), but is noted for its somewhat staccato rhythms. The staccato qualities of the Pittsburgh dialect have been suggested to originate either from Welsh or from Eastern European immigrants. It also has so many local peculiarities that the New York Times described Pittsburgh as "the Galapagos Islands of American dialect."[29] The lexicon itself contains notable cognates borrowing from Serbian and other Slavic and European languages. Examples include babushka, pierogi, and halušky.[30] Pittsburgh English, popularly known as Pittsburghese, is the dialect of American English spoken by many residents of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA and surrounding Western Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh English, popularly known as Pittsburghese, is the dialect of American English spoken by many residents of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA and surrounding Western Pennsylvania. ... Scots-Irish (formerly Scotch-Irish) is a term used to describe inhabitants of the USA and Canada of Scots-Irish (particularly Ulster-Scots) descent, who formed distinctive communities and had distinctive social characteristics. ... The Welsh are, according to Hastings (1997), an ethnic group and nation associated with Wales and the Welsh language, which is a Celtic language. ... Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the central region of Europe. ... Eastern Europe is, by convention, a region defined geographically as that part of Europe covering the eastern part of the continent. ... A yinzer is a stereotypical blue-collar Pittsburgh native, named for his or her heavy Pittsburghese accent that features frequent use of the word yinz, which is Pittsburghese for the plural term of you, as well as ending sentences with en at which is meant to be and that. ... Cognates are words that have a common origin. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Babushka (Russian: IPA  ) is a Russian word meaning grandmother, mother-in-law or more generally old lady. ... Pierogi frying A plateful of Pierogi Pierogi (also perogi, perogy, pirohi, piroghi, pirogi, pirogen, piroshke or pyrohy), from the Proto-Slavic pir (festivity) is the name most commonly used in English speaking areas to refer to a variety of Slavic semicircular (or, in some cuisines, square) stuffed dumplings of unleavened... HaluÅ¡ky is a traditional Slovak meal, basically a pasta with variations of ingredients. ...


Economy

The growth of Pittsburgh and its economy was caused by the extensive trade of steel. Since, Pittsburgh has adapted to the collapse of the region's steel industry. The primary industries have shifted more to high technology, such as robotics, health care, nuclear engineering, tourism, biomedical technology, finance, and services. Education is also a major employer, from primary through magnet schools, specialized professional institutes and highly-ranked universities. In fact, Pittsburgh still maintains its status as a corporate headquarters city, with seven Fortune 500 companies calling the city home. This ranks Pittsburgh in a tie for the sixth-most Fortune 500 headquarters in the nation.[31] In 2006, Expansion Magazine ranked Pittsburgh among the top 10 metropolitan areas in the nation for climates favorable to business expansion.[32] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 1. ... PPG Place is one of the major distinctive and recognizable features of the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania skyline. ... The Shadow robot hand system holding a lightbulb. ... Biomedical technology involves the application of engineering and technology principles to the domain of living or biological systems. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ...


Major employers

See also: List of major corporations in Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh has grown its industry base in recent years to include technology, retail, finance and medicine. The largest employer in the city is the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, followed closely by the University of Pittsburgh[citation needed]. Major corporations located in metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Large public companies Alcoa Allegheny Energy American Eagle Outfitters Bayer USA Consol Energy Dicks Sporting Goods Equitable Resources Federated Investors FedEx Ground Services H. J. Heinz Company Lanxess Chemicals Mellon Financial Corporation Mylan Laboratories Nova Chemicals PNC Financial Services PPG Industries SKGlaxo... The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) is one of the best centers for research and treatment. ... The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ...

Fortune 500 Corporations:

Fortune 1000 Corporations: This article is about the company. ... Allegheny Technologies, Inc. ... H. J. Heinz Company (NYSE: HNZ), commonly known as Heinz, famous for its 57 Varieties slogan, is a processed food product company with its headquarters in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States of America. ... Mellon Financial Corporation, NYSE: MEL based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is engaged in the business of institutional and high-net-worth-individual asset management, including the Dreyfus family of mutual funds; business banking; and shareholder and investor services. ... PNC Financial Services (NYSE: PNC) is a U.S.-based financial services corporation, with assets of $92. ... PPG Industries NYSE: PPG was founded in 1883, under the name Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company. ... WESCO International, Inc. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ...

Other major employers in the Pittsburgh area include the operations center for Alcoa, the North American headquarters for Bayer, GlaxoSmithKline and Lanxess. Pittsburgh is the Northeast U.S. regional headquarters for Nova Chemicals, FedEx Ground, Ariba, Rand, and National City. Guru.com, 84 Lumber, Giant Eagle, Highmark, Rue 21, and GENCO are major non-public companies with headquarters in the region. Other major companies headquartered in Pittsburgh include Mylan Laboratories, General Nutrition Center (GNC), and CNX Gas (CXG), a subsidiary of Consol Energy. Allegheny Energys service territory. ... American Eagle Outfitters is an American clothing and accessories retailer based in the South Side neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... CONSOL Energy is a coal and mining company based suburban Pittsburgh, USA. The head office is located in the southern suburb of Upper St. ... Dicks Sporting Goods (NYSE: DKS) is the largest full-line sporting goods retailer in the world. ... Kennametal is a metalworking and tool production company headquartered in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, a city some 50 miles from Pittsburgh. ... Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel is a steel manufacturer based in Wheeling, West Virginia, which is located at the edge of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. ... This article is about the company. ... Bayer AG (IPA pronunciation //) (ISIN: DE0005752000, NYSE: BAY, TYO: 4863 ) is a German chemical and pharmaceutical company founded in Barmen, Germany in 1863. ... GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE: GSK NYSE: GSK) is a British based pharmaceutical, biological, and healthcare company. ... LANXESS AG (FWB: LXSG) is a leading chemicals group with production sites and agencies all over the world: a global player in the fields of chemicals, plastics and rubber. ... Nova Chemicals is a leading chemicals concern jointly headquartered in Pittsburgh USA and Calgary, Canada. ... Roadway Package System was a small package shipping company started by Roadway Services and headquartered in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area. ... Ariba NASDAQ: ARBA is an enterprise software and information technology services company, headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, USA. It is publicly traded. ... The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit global policy think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the United States armed forces. ... National City is the name of several places in the United States of America: National City, California National City, Illinois National City, Michigan National City Corporation. ... Guru. ... 84 Lumber is an American building materials chain; 84 Lumber Company is the largest privately-held building materials supplier to professional contractors in the country. ... This article is about the supermarket chain. ... Highmark is a health insurance company based in Pittsburgh, USA, and founded in the 1930s. ... rue21 is a leading fashion retailer headquartered near Pittsburgh. ... Mylan Laboratories, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, is a pharmaceutical corporation. ... General Nutrition Center or GNC is a Pittsburgh based American commercial enterprise focusing on the retail sale of health- and nutrition- related products, over the counter drugs, and foods/food supplements world-wide. ...


Government and politics

Henry Hornbostel's Pittsburgh City-County Building
Henry Hornbostel's Pittsburgh City-County Building
Henry Hobson Richardson's Allegheny County Courthouse
Henry Hobson Richardson's Allegheny County Courthouse

From the American Civil War to the 1930s, Pittsburgh was a Republican stronghold. Democratic candidates have been elected consecutively to either the mayor's office or city council since 1933, when David L. Lawrence was able to lead the party to power due to the alleged corruption and fraction of the Pittsburgh Republican Party and the election of President Roosevelt whose New Deal began the recovery from the Great Depression, by which the workers of Pittsburgh were especially hard hit.[33] Today, the ratio of Democratic to Republican registrations within the city limits is 5 to 1.[34] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Henry Hornbostel (1867 - 1961) was an American architect. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 491 KB) Summary Henry Hobson Richardsons Allegheny County Courthouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 491 KB) Summary Henry Hobson Richardsons Allegheny County Courthouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Henry Hobson Richardson, portrait by Sir Hubert von Herkomer Trinity Church in Boston is one of Richardsons most famous works. ... Allegheny County Courthouse In 1882 the original Allegheny County Courthouse, a Greek Revival structure located in down town Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, burned down and the Allegheny County Commissioners decided to hold a competition to design a replacement. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 680 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Carnegie Mellon University campus with Cathedral of Learning in the background, taken by Fortes on September 15, 2000. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1200 × 1600 pixel, file size: 680 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Carnegie Mellon University campus with Cathedral of Learning in the background, taken by Fortes on September 15, 2000. ... Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Cathedral of Learning, a local and national landmark[2][3], is the centerpiece of the University of Pittsburghs main campus in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... David Leo Lawrence (June 18, 1889–November 21, 1966), served as the Democratic Governor of Pennsylvania from 1959 to 1963. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... FDR redirects here. ... The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of providing relief, recovery, and reform (3 Rs) to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


The mayor, like the nine-member council, serves a four-year term. The seat of government is the Pittsburgh City-County Building. After the death of Mayor Bob O'Connor in September 2006, City Council President Luke Ravenstahl was sworn as the new mayor of Pittsburgh. Sworn in at age 26, he is the youngest mayor in the history of any major American city.[35] He served in this position until a special mayoral election was held in November 2007, when he was reelected.[36] City council members are chosen by plurality elections in each of nine districts. The Pittsburgh Police Bureau is the law enforcement arm of the city while the Pittsburgh Fire Bureau is a major emergency response unit in Western Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh EMS provides heavy rescue and river rescue services to the city. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bob OConnor (born December 9, 1944) is the Democratic Mayor of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Luke Ravenstahl (born February 6, 1980, in Troy Hill, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is the current Mayor of Pittsburgh. ... The Mayoral election of 2007 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania was a special election held on Tuesday, November 6, 2007. ... For the use of the term in political theory, see Pluralism (political theory). ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... The Pittsburgh Police or officially the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police is the largest law enforcement agency in Western Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh Fire Bureau dates its history back to 1794 and became a fully professional department in 1869. ...


Like many American cities, Pittsburgh has recently faced financial challenges and budget shortfalls. Although the cause of the city's budget shortfall is debated, many cite the success of the medical and academic sectors, since the nonprofits are tax-exempt. Despite the budget crisis, the city has continued to grow, as evidenced by the recent addition of the American Eagle Outfitters corporate headquarters, renovation of the former Lazarus-Macy's department store into high-end retail, office, and condo space, and multiple mixed-use towers under construction downtown. As further evidence of recovery from these fiscal problems, Pittsburgh had a $15 million surplus in 2005. American Eagle Outfitters is an American clothing and accessories retailer based in the South Side neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Representation

Pennsylvania State Senate

Pittsburgh is represented in three Districts in the State Senate, all Democrats. The Pennsylvania State Senate is the upper house of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislative branch of Pennsylvania government. ...

District Senator Party
38 Jim Ferlo Democratic
42 Wayne D. Fontana Democratic
42 Jay Costa Democratic

Jim Ferlo will complete his first term in the State Senate at the end of 2006. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...

Pennsylvania House of Representatives

Pittsburgh is represented in nine Districts in the State House, all Democrats. The Pennsylvania House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Pennsylvania General Assembly, the legislature of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ...

District Representative Party
19 Jake Wheatley Democratic
20 Don Walko Democratic
21 Lisa Bennington Democratic
22 Chelsa Wagner Democratic
23 Dan Frankel Democratic
24 Joseph Preston Jr. Democratic
27 Thomas C. Petrone Democratic
34 Paul Costa Democratic
36 Harry Readshaw Democratic

Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Chelsa L. Wagner is an American politician from the state of Pennsylvania. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Paul Costa is a retired American collegiate and professional football tight end. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...

United States House of Representatives

All of Pittsburgh is included in one Congressional District, the 14th District of Pennsylvania and is represented by Democrat Mike Doyle who was elected in 1994 to replace Rick Santorum who was elected to the U.S Senate. Before the 2002 redistricting plan went into place, Pittsburgh was divided up into two Congressional Districts. Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. ... Pennsylvanias 14th congressional district is overwhelmingly Democratic. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Michael F. Mike Doyle (born August 5, 1953) is a politician from the state of Pennsylvania currently representing the 14th Congressional District (map) in the U.S. House of Represenatives. ... “Santorum” redirects here. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. ...

District Representative Party
14 Mike Doyle Democratic

Pennsylvanias 14th congressional district is overwhelmingly Democratic. ... Michael F. Mike Doyle (born August 5, 1953) is a politician from the state of Pennsylvania currently representing the 14th Congressional District (map) in the U.S. House of Represenatives. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...

Crime

Pittsburgh has long been one of the safest "big cities" in the U.S. This though has come with an ebb and flow of crime over the past few decades, marked by a recent spike in the murder rate due to drug related gang violence. In the early to mid-1990s, the city and some suburbs saw a surge in gang activity and violence. However, local and federal authorities used the RICO statute to combat this problem and many of the gangs were broken up by the mid to late-1990s by convictions under this law. Recent crime statistics indicate that the Pittsburgh murder rate is 2.61 times the national average, which is considered high for a city of its size. Overall, the ‘violent crime’ rate for the city is about twice the national average, while the ‘property’ or non-violent crime rate is about 1.11 times the national average.[37] However, metropolitan Pittsburgh has the lowest crime rate among the 25 largest metros.


As of July 1, 2007, there have been 56 homicides in Allegheny County.


Education

Pittsburgh is home to the following institutions of higher learning: Carnegie Mellon University campus, with the University of Pittsburghs Cathedral of Learning in the background. ...

The most visible institutions of higher education in Pittsburgh are Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh. Carnegie Mellon University is a world-renowned institution, with the university's strengths including computer science, engineering, drama, business, public policy, design, art, and architecture. The University of Pittsburgh, ranked in the top 25 public universities in US News & World Report, has its strengths in philosophy of science, Asian studies, business, philosophy, law, engineering, and medical care. Carnegie Mellon University is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Duquesne University of the Holy Spirit is a private Catholic university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Founded by members of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit, Duquesne (IPA: ) first opened its doors as the Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy Ghost in October 1878 with an enrollment of 40 students and... Robert Morris University is a private co-educational college founded in 1921. ... 199. ... Point Park University is a liberal arts university located in Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Chatham University is an American liberal arts womens college with coeducational graduate programs located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias Squirrel Hill neighborhood. ... Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, founded in 1794, is a graduate theological institution associated with the Presbyterian Church USA. It is located in the East Liberty neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA and houses one of the largest theological libraries in the nation. ... Community College of Allegheny County, or CCAC as it is officially abbreviated, is a community college in the United States primarily serving Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... The Reformed Presbyterian Theological Seminary is a ministry of the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... LaRoche College (or La Roche College) is a private college in McCandless, Pennsylvania, just outside Pittsburgh. ... Pittsburgh Technical Institute (PTI) is a private two-year post-secondary school in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA offering associate degrees and short-term certificate programs. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... This article is about building architecture. ... Philosophy of science is the study of assumptions, foundations, and implications of science, especially in the natural sciences and social sciences. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Engineering is the discipline of acquiring and applying knowledge of design, analysis, and/or construction of works for practical purposes. ...


Robert Morris University, based in the suburb of Moon Township, Pennsylvania, maintains a satellite center in downtown Pittsburgh. Robert Morris University is a private co-educational college founded in 1921. ... Moon Township is located along the Ohio River in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Pittsburgh Public School teachers are paid well relative to their peers, ranking 17th in 2000–2001 among the 100 largest cities by population for the highest minimum salary offered to teachers with a BA ($34,300). Pittsburgh ranked fifth in the highest maximum salary offered to teachers with an MA ($66,380). Local public schools include many charter and magnet schools, including City Charter High School (computer and technology focused), Pittsburgh Montessori School (formerly Homewood Montessori), Pittsburgh Gifted Center, Frick International Studies Academy, Rogers Middle School for the Creative and Performing Arts, Pittsburgh High School for the Creative and Performing Arts, and several schools for blind, deaf, or otherwise challenged children. Elementary Schools Middle Schools High Schools Allderdice Brashear Carrick Langley Oliver Peabody Perry Traditional Academy Pittsburgh High School for the Creative & Performing Arts (CAPA) Schenley Westinghouse http://www. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... City Charter High School, also known as City High, is a charter school in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania self-described as a 21st century school that changes the traditional learning environments for students and teachers. ... Pittsburgh Gifted Center (PGC) is a special school that provides gifted education, to gifted students in Pittsburgh and Mt. ... // Frick ISA was founded by Henry Clay Frick in 1927, as a training school for teachers. ... Rogers Middle School for the Creative and Performing Arts (Rogers CAPA) is a magnet school located in the Garfield neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh High School for the Creative and Performing Arts (CAPA) is a magnet school located in the Cultural District of downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Private schools in Pittsburgh include Seton-La Salle Catholic High School, a merger of the former South Catholic and Elizabeth Ann Seton High Schools. Located in the South Hills, Seton-La Salle is the highest enrolled co-educational high school in the Diocese of Pittsburgh. Seton-La Salle Catholic High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Central Catholic High School is run by the Christian Brothers of St. John Baptiste de La Salle. Oakland Catholic High School, an all-girls high school, is located less than two blocks away from Central Catholic High School. Both high schools are located in Oakland. The Shadyside neighborhood includes Winchester Thurston School and The Ellis School. Shady Side Academy, whose main campuses are located in Fox Chapel, has a junior high school in the neighborhood of Point Breeze. Central Catholic High School is a Roman Catholic college preparatory school for boys in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Oakland Catholic High School is an all-girls Catholic high school located in the Oakland district of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. It was established by Bishop Donald Wuerl in 1989. ... The Cathedral of Learning dominates the Oakland skyline Oakland is the academic center of Pittsburgh and the third largest downtown area in the state of Pennsylvania, behind only Center City Philadelphia and the Central Business District (Downtown Pittsburgh). ... This article or section reads like an advertisement. ... The Ellis School is an independent, PreK-12 college preparatory school in the East End of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Shady Side Academy is an independent school in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Fox Chapel is a borough located six miles (10 km) northeast of downtown Pittsburgh in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA. The population was 5,436 at the 2000 census. ... Point Breeze is a largely residential neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


Bishop Canevin High School, located in Carnegie, is a Catholic, diocesan, co-educational, college-preparatory institution. Bishop Canevin High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ...


Culture

Lobby of Heinz Hall.
Lobby of Heinz Hall.
Main article: Pittsburgh culture

In the 19th and 20th centuries, wealthy businessmen and nonprofit organizations donated millions of dollars to create educational and cultural institutions. As a result, Pittsburgh is rich in art and culture. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1338x588, 730 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Heinz Hall Culture of Pittsburgh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1338x588, 730 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Heinz Hall Culture of Pittsburgh Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Pittsburgh at night. ...


Among the professional music venues, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra performs in Heinz Hall, and the Pittsburgh Opera performs in the Benedum Center. Both The Benedum Center and Heinz Hall provide venues for other groups, such as the River City Brass Band and the Pittsburgh Youth Symphony Orchestra. Pittsburgh has a long tradition of jazz, blues and bluegrass music. Pittsburgh also has a large indie and punk rock scene. Additionally the National Negro Opera Company was founded in Pittsburgh, and was the first all African-American opera company in the United States. This led to the prominence of African-American singers like Leontyne Price in the world of opera. The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra is one of the major orchestras in the United States. ... Heinz Hall hosts the renowned Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra in Pittsburghs Cultural District. ... Pittsburgh Opera is a professional opera company based in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias Cultural District. ... This article treats the former Stanley Theater of Pittsburgh, for other same-called buildings see Stanley Theater (disambiguation). ... The River City Brass Band is a modified British-style brass band based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Mary Violet Leontyne Price (born February 10, 1927) is an American opera singer (soprano). ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ...


Pittsburgh Dance Council and the Pittsburgh Ballet Theater host a variety of dance events. Polka, folk, square and round dancing have a long history in the city and are celebrated by the internationally famous Duquesne University Tamburitzans, a multicultural academy dedicated to the preservation and presentation of folk songs and dance. Pittsburgh Dance Council is a presenting organization based in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias Cultural District. ... The Pittsburgh Ballet Theater is one of Americas leading ballet companies. ... The Duquesne University Tamburitzans is the longest-running multicultural song and dance company in the United States. ...


Museums include the Andy Warhol Museum, the Carnegie Museum of Art, the Frick Art & Historical Center and the Mattress Factory. Installation art is featured outdoors at ArtGardens of Pittsburgh. The Carnegie Museum of Natural History has extensive dinosaur collections and an Ancient Egypt wing. The Carnegie Science Center is technology oriented. The Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center and Western Pennsylvania Sports Museum are located in the Strip District. The unusual and eclectic Bayernhof Music Museum is six miles (9 km) from downtown. There is a quarterly Gallery Crawl in the downtown area's cultural district that is free and open to the public to enjoy the local art scene as well as the Three Rivers Arts Festival, which takes place in the same downtown area annually during the summer. The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Frick Art & Historical Center is a cluster of museums and historical buildings in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Mattress Factory is a museum of contemporary art located in Pittsburgh, PA. It exhibits room-sized installation art from across the country and around the world. ... The ArtGardens of Pittsburgh is an outdoor gallery of installation art where the medium of the art is growing plants. ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Khafres Pyramid and the Great Sphinx of Giza, built about 2550 BC during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom,[1] are enduring symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt was a civilization in Northeastern Africa concentrated along the middle to lower reaches of the Nile River... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Bayernhof Music Museum features a major collection of automated musical instruments from the 19th and 20th centuries. ...


In theater, the Pittsburgh Playhouse of Point Park University has four resident companies of professional actors. Other companies include Attack Theatre, Bricolage Theater, Pittsburgh Playwrights Theater, City Theatre, Pittsburgh Irish and Classical Theatre, Pittsburgh Musical Theater, Pittsburgh Public Theater, and Quantum Theater. The city's longest-running theatre show, Friday Nite Improvs, is an improv jam that has been performed in the Cathedral of Learning and other locations for 17 years. Friday Nite Improvs, or FNI, is a long-running weekly improvisational comedy show in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Cathedral of Learning, a local and national landmark[2][3], is the centerpiece of the University of Pittsburghs main campus in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


The city has an extensive library system, both public and university. Most notable are the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh's University Library System, which rank 9th largest (public) and 18th largest (academic) in the nation, respectively.[38] The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh is the public library system in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


Pittsburgh in film and television

Pittsburgh has long been a center of film culture as well. Pittsburgh Filmmakers, one of the oldest and largest media arts centers in the United States, runs a filmmaking school and three art film theaters. Held each November, the Three Rivers Film Festival provides a venue for independent, documentary and international films. Pittsburgh is also a popular location for films, including Dawn of the Dead, Dogma, The Fish that Saved Pittsburgh, Flashdance, Gung Ho, Inspector Gadget, Lorenzo's Oil, Night of the Living Dead, Striking Distance, The Silence of the Lambs, Sudden Death, and Wonder Boys. Michael Chabon's The Mysteries of Pittsburgh, and Smart People starring Sarah Jessica Parker have recently finished filming in the city. Currently filming are Blair Underwood's directorial debute The Bridge to Nowhere, and Spike TV's The Kill Point in Downtown's Market Square. The Pittsburgh Film Office claims that more than 125 major films have been shot in Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh Filmmakers is one of the oldest and largest media arts centers in the United States. ... For the remake, see Dawn of the Dead (2004 film) For the song by Schoolyard Heroes, see The Funeral Sciences Dawn of the Dead (also known as George A. Romeros Dawn of the Dead & Zombi internationally) is a 1978 American independent zombie horror film. ... Dogma is a 1999 comedy film, written and directed by Kevin Smith, who stars in the film along with Ben Affleck, Matt Damon, Linda Fiorentino, Alan Rickman, Bud Cort, Salma Hayek, Chris Rock, Jason Lee, Jason Mewes, George Carlin, Janeane Garofalo, and Alanis Morissette. ... The Fish That Saved Pittsburgh is an American sports/fantasy comedy film that was released in 1979. ... Flashdance is a musical and romance film released in April 1983, and was one of the most successful films of the early 1980s. ... Gung Ho is a 1986 Ron Howard film, released by Paramount Pictures, and starring Michael Keaton and Gedde Watanabe. ... Inspector Gadget is a 1999 live-action film based on the popular animated cartoon series Inspector Gadget. ... Lorenzos Oil is a 1992 drama film directed by George Miller. ... This article is about the 1968 film directed by George A. Romero. ... Striking Distance DVD cover Striking Distance is a 1993 film starring Bruce Willis, Sarah Jessica Parker, Dennis Farina and Tom Sizemore. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ... Sudden Death is a 1995 action movie, starring Jean-Claude Van Damme. ... Wonder Boys is a 2000 film adaptation of the Michael Chabon novel of the same name. ... Michael Chabon (born May 24, 1963) is an American author and one of the most celebrated writers of his generation. ... The Mysteries of Pittsburgh is an adaptation of the 1988 best-selling novel The Mysteries of Pittsburgh by Michael Chabon. ... Dennis Quaid on the set of Smart People at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Smart People is an upcoming American comedy film starring Dennis Quaid and Sarah Jessica Parker. ... Blair Underwood (born August 25, 1964, in Tacoma, Washington) is an American television and film actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kill Point is a television series that follows a group of U.S. Marines recently returned from serving in Iraq as they come together to pull off a major bank heist of a Three Rivers Bank branch in Pittsburgh. ... Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, sometimes called the Golden Triangle, is located at the precise confluence of the Allegheny River and the Monongahela River. ... View of PPG Place towering over historic Market Square Pittsburghs Market Square is located in Downtown Pittsburgh at the intersection of Forbes Avenue and Market Street. ...


On the television side, Pittsburgh has hosted CBS's The Guardian (2001–2005), ABC's Mr. Belvedere (85–90) and My So Called Life (94–95) as well as the finale to Quantum Leap and episodes of The West Wing, X-Files, COPS, As The World Turns, and Trading Spaces. The local public broadcasting station (PBS), WQED, is a world leader in public television. Besides being the first "publicly-owned" station, it has produced every episode of one of history's longest running series, Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood, as well as Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? and almost all episodes of National Geographic Explorer—along with many other mini-series and documentaries. The current TNT drama Heartland calls the city home. The upcoming television series, Back to You, is set to air on FOX in fall 2007. Starring Kelsey Grammer and Patricia Heaton, the sitcom involves two fictional, squabbling Pittsburgh news anchors. The Guardian was a CBS television drama series, which aired from September 25, 2001 to May 4, 2004. ... Mr. ... My So-Called Life was a television program that aired on ABC from August 25, 1994 to January 26, 1995. ... Quantum Leap is a science fiction television series that ran for 97 episodes from March 1989 to May 1993 on NBC. It follows the adventures of Dr. Samuel Beckett (played by Scott Bakula), a brilliant scientist who after researching time-travel, and doing experiments in something he calls The Imaging... This article is about a TV show. ... X-Files intro from first 8 seasons The X-Files was a popular 1990s American science fiction television series created by Chris Carter. ... Look up cop in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... As the World Turns (ATWT) is the second longest-running American television soap opera (the first being Guiding Light),[1] airing each weekday on CBS. Set in the fictional town of Oakdale, Illinois, the show debuted on Monday, April 2, 1956[2] at 1:30pm. ... Trading Spaces is an hour-long television reality program on the cable channel The Learning Channel. ... WQED-TV (channel 13, digital channel 38) is a PBS television station based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Mister Rogers Neighborhood was a childrens television show hosted by Fred Rogers which was produced by Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania public broadcaster WQED-TV and Rogers not-for-profit production company Family Communications, Inc. ... Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego was a popular childrens television game show, loosely based off the computer game of the same name. ... The National Geographic Society, headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the worlds largest not-for-profit educational and scientific organizations. ... Heartland is an American television drama series airing on TNT. The series is based in the high-stakes world of heart-transplant surgery at St. ... Back to You is an upcoming American situation comedy created and executive produced by Christopher Lloyd and Steven Levitan. ... This article is about the animal. ...

See also: List of films and television shows shot in Pittsburgh

Many notable individuals were born in or near Pittsburgh. A few of the most recognizable contemporary figures are George Romero, Andy Warhol, August Wilson, Charles Bronson, Jeff Goldblum, Kurt Angle, Michael Keaton, and Christina Aguilera. This list includes films and television shows shot either completely or partially in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... George A. Romero (born 4 February 1940) is an American director, writer, editor, actor and composer. ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... August Wilson August Wilson (April 27, 1945 – October 2, 2005) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... For other persons named Charles Bronson, see Charles Bronson (disambiguation). ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy-Award nominated American actor. ... Kurt Steven Angle (born December 9, 1968) is an American professional wrestler and former Olympic amateur wrestler. ... Michael John Douglas (born September 5, 1951), better known by the stage name Michael Keaton, is an American actor, perhaps best known for his early comedic roles in films such as Night Shift, Beetlejuice, and his portrayal of Batman in the two Tim Burton directed films of the series. ... This article is about the singer. ...

See also: List of people from Pittsburgh

This is a list of famous people in the arts, science, sports, or industry, who were born, or who have lived a significant part of their lives, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and western Pennsylvania. ...

Livability

Pittsburgh often places high in lists of the nation's most livable cities. After placing fourth and first in the first two editions of "Places Rated Almanac," Pittsburgh went on to finish third in 1989, fifth in 1993, 14th in 1997 and 12th in 2000, before reclaiming the number one spot in 2007.[39] The survey's primary author, David Savageau, has noted that Pittsburgh is the only city to finish in the top 20 of every edition[citation needed].


In 2005, The Economist ranked Pittsburgh and Cleveland the top most livable cities in the United States, and tied the cities for 26th world-wide. In the 2004, 820-page book by Bert Sperling and Peter Sander, "Cities Ranked and Rated," Pittsburgh came in at #28. The Economist is an English-language weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London. ... Cleveland redirects here. ...


Livability rankings typically consider factors such as cost of living, crime, and cultural opportunities. Pittsburgh has a low cost of living compared to other cities in the northeastern U.S. The average price for a 3- to 4-bedroom, 2-bath family home in Pittsburgh is $162,000, which is well below the national average of $264,540, as of October 2004, according to the Federal Housing Finance Board. However, in 2007, the American Lung Association ranked the Pittsburgh area as the nation's second most polluted metropolitan area.[40] The American Lung Association is a non-profit organization which fights lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. It was founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis as the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. ...


Media

Main article: Media in Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh is the home of the US first commercial radio station (KDKA 1020AM), the first non-commercial television station, the first networked television station, and mid-western newspaper. ...

Sports

Main article: Pittsburgh Sports

Pittsburgh's dedication to sports has a long history. Both its professional and collegiate teams have championship records. Three separate colleges have sent their football teams to major bowl games. The Pitt Panthers have won multiple national titles in both football and men's basketball. As home to two of the most successful teams in the former Negro League, the Pittsburgh Crawfords and the Homestead Grays (credited with as many as 14 titles between them and with 11 hall of famers), as well as the first Major League Baseball team to field an all-black lineup, the 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates, "no city is more synonymous with black baseball than Pittsburgh."[41] Pittsburghs dedication both to amateur and professional sports has a long history. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... PNC Park is a baseball stadium located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Pittsburgh Panthers is the name given to the sports teams of University of Pittsburgh. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... The Pittsburgh Crawfords were a professional Negro League baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Homestead Grays were a professional baseball team that played in the Negro Leagues in the United States. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... See also: 1970 in sports, other events of 1971, 1972 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Richard Petty won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Richard Petty Indianapolis 500 - Al Unser, Sr. ... This article is about the baseball team. ...


The Pittsburgh region also has developed several NFL quarterbacks, giving Western Pennsylvania the nickname, "Cradle of Quarterbacks."[42] Dan Marino, Joe Montana, Joe Namath, Jim Kelly, Marc Bulger, current Houston Texans starter Matt Schaub, George Blanda, Jeff Hostetler, Johnny Unitas, Bruce Gradkowski, Gus Frerotte, and current Pittsburgh Steelers backup quarterback Charlie Batch are from the area. Several famous running backs, including Tony Dorsett, Curtis Martin, Kevan Barlow, Mercury Morris, Larry Brown, Ernie Davis, Cookie Gilchrist and Joe Marconi are also from Pittsburgh. Several former offensive line greats, including Jim Covert, Russ Grimm, Reggie Wells, and Bill Fralic also hail from the area. Several notable defensive players are from the Pittsburgh area, including Pro Hall of Famers Joe Schmidt and Randy White, defensive end Jason Taylor, cornerback Ty Law and linebacker LaVar Arrington (former Steelers standout Jack Ham was from Johnstown, 65 miles from Pittsburgh). Two notable NHL players from the Pittsburgh area include Ryan Malone of the Penguins and R.J. Umberger of the Flyers. There is also a long list of baseball stars such as Ken Griffey, Jr., Ken Griffey, Sr., Stan Musial, Honus Wagner, and the claimed hometown of Curt Schilling, as well as numerous Olympic gold medal winners such as wrestler Kurt Angle, Roger Kingdom and John Woodruff and was where Jim Furyk and Arnold Palmer learned to play golf. Pittsburgh also claims many professional sports coaching legends as its own including George Karl, Marvin Lewis, Mike Ditka, Marty Schottenheimer, Mike McCarthy, Bill Cowher, Barry Alvarez, Chuck Knox, Terry Francona, Chuck Daly, Ken Macha, Dick Nolan, Chuck Tanner and Art Howe. Jim Leyland has made his home in Pittsburgh for the last 25 years. For these reasons, Pittsburgh has been called the "City of Champions." NFL redirects here. ... Daniel Constantine Marino, Jr. ... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ... For other persons named Jim Kelly, see Jim Kelly (disambiguation). ... Marc Robert Bulger (born April 5, 1977 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American football player and the St. ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Matthew Rutledge Schaub (born June 25, 1981 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American football quarterback who is currently the starting quarterback for the Houston Texans. ... George Frederick Blanda (b. ... Jeff W. Hostetler, a. ... John Constantine Johnny Unitas (May 7, 1933 – September 11, 2002), nicknamed The Golden Arm, was a professional American football player in the 1950s through the 1970s. ... Bruce Gradkowski (born January 69, 1969 in Jewburgh, Pennsylvania) is an Jewish quarterback currently playing for the Jew Bay Kosherneers. ... Gus Frerotte (born July 31, 1971 in Ford City, Pennsylvania) is an NFL quarterback playing for the St. ... Steelers redirects here. ... Charles DDonte Batch (born December 5, 1974 in Homestead, Pennsylvania, a Pittsburgh suburb) is a veteran NFL football quarterback. ... Anthony Tony Drew Dorsett (born April 7, 1954 in Rochester, Pennsylvania) is a former American football running back in the NFL for the Dallas Cowboys and the Denver Broncos. ... Curtis Martin (born May 1, 1973 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a former American football running back. ... Kevan C. Barlow (born January 7, 1979 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American football running back who is currently a free agent. ... Eugene Mercury Morris (born January 5, 1947 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a former American football player who played running back in the American Football League in the 1960s and the NFL in the 1970s, and played in three Super Bowls. ... Larry Brown (born 1947) was an NFL running back for the Washington Redskins from 1969 to 1976. ... Ernie Davis (December 13, 1939 - May 18, 1963) was an American Football player who became the first African-American to win the Heisman Trophy. ... Carlton Chester Cookie Gilchrist (born May 25, 1935 in Brackenridge, Pennsylvania) was an American football player in the American Football League. ... Joe Marconi (born February 6, 1934 in Frederickstown, Pennsylvania; died August 23, 1992) was a professional football player for the Los Angeles Rams and Chicago Bears. ... James Paul Jimbo Covert (born March 22, 1960 in Conway, Pennsylvania) was an All-Pro offensive tackle in the National Football League for the Chicago Bears. ... Russ Grimm (May 2, 1959) was an All-American center at the University of Pittsburgh and a Pro Bowl guard for the Washington Redskins of the NFL. Grimm played 11 seasons for the Redskins and was a first team selection to the NFL 1980s All-Decade Team. ... Reggie Wells (born November 3, 1980 - ) is a guard currently playing for the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League. ... Bill Fralic (born October 31, 1962), in Pittsburgh, PA was an offensive guard in the NFL. He played for the University of Pittsburgh Panthers in College, and the Atlanta Falcons for most of his career in the NFL, but also wrestled at WrestleMania 2. ... Joe Schmidt - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Randy Lee White (born January 15, 1953, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) played as defensive tackle for the Dallas Cowboys from 1975 to 1988. ... Jason Taylor may refer to: Jason Taylor (American football player) (born 1974) Jason Taylor (rugby league footballer) Jason Taylor (Australian rules footballer) (born 1968) Jason Torrell Taylor (Rapper A.K.A. The Game) This human name article is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that might otherwise share the... Tajuan Ty Law (born February 10, 1974 in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania) is an American football cornerback who currently plays with the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League. ... LaVar RaShad Arrington (born June 20, 1978 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a former professional football player. ... Jack Raphael Ham, Jr. ... Ryan Malone (born December 1, 1979 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a professional ice hockey left winger/center who currently plays for the Pittsburgh Penguins of the NHL. Ryan Malone was drafted in the 4th round, 115th overall by the Pittsburgh Penguins in the 1999 NHL Entry Draft. ... R.J. Umberger born May 3, 1982 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is an American hockey player who plays for the Philadelphia Flyers. ... George Kenneth Griffey, Jr. ... George Kenneth Griffey (born April 10, 1950 in Donora, Pennsylvania) is an American former Major League Baseball star. ... Stan Musials number 6 was retired by the St. ... Johannes Peter Honus Wagner (February 24, 1874 - December 6, 1955), nicknamed The Flying Dutchman, was an American baseball player who played during the 1890s until the 1910s. ... Curtis Montague (Curt) Schilling (born November 14, 1966 in Anchorage, Alaska) is an American Major League Baseball right-handed starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Kurt Steven Angle (born December 9, 1968) is an American professional wrestler and former Olympic amateur wrestler. ... Roger Kingdom on the cover of Track and Field News Roger Nona Kingdom (born August 26, 1962) is a former sprint hurdler from the United States. ... For the U.S. Representative from Connecticut, see John Woodruff (representative). ... Personal Information Birth May 12, 1970 ) West Chester, Pennsylvania Height 6 ft 1 in (1. ... This article is about the golfer. ... George Matthew Karl (born May 12, 1951, in Penn Hills, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a retired American National Basketball Association (NBA) and American Basketball Association (ABA) player and current head coach of the Denver Nuggets. ... Marvin Ronald Lewis (September 23, 1958) has been the head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League since January 14, 2003. ... Michael Keller Ditka, Jr. ... Martin Edward Schottenheimer (born September 23, 1943 in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania) is an American football coach. ... Mike McCarthy (born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on November 10, 1963) is the head coach of the National Football Leagues Green Bay Packers, having been hired on January 12, 2006, to replace Mike Sherman, whom the organization had fired ten days earlier following a disappointing season in which the Packers... William Laird Cowher (born May 8, 1957) is a former American football coach and player. ... Barry Alvarez Barry Alvarez (born December 30, 1946, Langeloth, Pennsylvania) is a retired college football head coach and current Director of Athletics at the University of Wisconsin. ... Charles Robert Chuck Knox (born April 27, 1932 in Sewickley, Pennsylvania[1]) is a former football coach at the high school, collegiate and professional levels. ... Terry Jon Tito Francona (born April 22, 1959, in Aberdeen, South Dakota) is a Major League Baseball manager. ... Chuck Daly Charles Jerome Chuck Daly (born July 20, 1930 in St. ... Kenneth Edward Macha (born September 29, 1950 in Monroeville, Pennsylvania) is the manager of the Oakland As, having led the team since 2003. ... Dick Nolan (Richard Francis Nolan) (February 4, 1939 – living), singer, songwriter and guitarist was born in Corner Brook, Newfoundland, Canada. ... Charles William Tanner (born July 4, 1929 in New Castle, Pennsylvania) is a former left fielder and manager in Major League Baseball. ... Arthur Henry Howe Jr. ... James Richard Leyland (born December 15, 1944, in Perrysburg, Ohio) is a Major League Baseball manager for the Detroit Tigers. ...

See also: List of people from Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh is the only city that all major sports teams (Steelers, Penguins, and Pirates) share the same two colors, black and gold. The Passion and the Xplosion use these colors as well. Although unofficial, the color scheme is used by the city's police department, fire department and are the dominant colors on the flag and seal. Many downtown fire hydrants even show the "Pittsburgh colors". This is a list of famous people in the arts, science, sports, or industry, who were born, or who have lived a significant part of their lives, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and western Pennsylvania. ... The Pittsburgh Passion is a full-contact womens American football team competing in the National Womens Football Association (NWFA). ... Pittsburgh Xplosion is an ABA Basketball team founded in 2004 but owning the ABA Franchise license from the now defunct Pittsburgh Hardhats from 2000-2004. ...


Pittsburgh was also home to the Pittsburgh Marathon and also hosts the Great Race 5 & 10K mile run and walk. The Pittsburgh Marathon was an annual 26. ...


Pittsburgh has multiple mountain biking areas close to the city in area parks and in the surrounding suburbs. Frick Park has biking trails. Hartwood Acres Park has many miles of single track trails. Frick Park is the largest municipal park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, covering 600 acres. ... Hartwood Mansion as seen from the northeast corner. ... A Cross Country Style Single Track Mountain Bike Trail. ...

Club Sport League, Conference Venue Major Championships
Pittsburgh Steelers American Football National Football League; AFC North Heinz Field Super Bowl Champions: 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 2005
Pittsburgh Penguins Ice Hockey National Hockey League; Eastern Atlantic Mellon Arena Stanley Cup Champions: 1990–91, 1991–92
Pittsburgh Pirates Baseball Major League Baseball; NL Central PNC Park National League Champions (pre-World Series): 1901, 1902; World Series Champions: 1909, 1925, 1960, 1971, 1979
Pittsburgh Xplosion Basketball Continental Basketball Association; American Division Mellon Arena
Petersen Events Center
Pittsburgh Riverhounds Soccer USL Second Division CONSOL Energy Park
Pittsburgh Passion American Football National Women's Football Association; Northern Conference George K. Cupples Stadium NWFA World Champions: 2007
Pittsburgh RiverRats Indoor football American Indoor Football League; North Division Rostraver Ice Garden beginning play in 2007
Pittsburgh Harlequins Rugby Union Mid-Atlantic Rugby Football Union Division I; Potomac Rugby Union Founders Field

[3] [4] Steelers redirects here. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL redirects here. ... The AFC North refers to the Northern Division of the American Football Conference of the National Football League that was created prior to the 2002 season when the league realigned divisions after expanding to 32 teams. ... Heinz Field is a football stadium located in the North Shore neighborhood, just across the Allegheny River from downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Pittsburgh Penguins are a professional ice hockey team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... NHL redirects here. ... The NHLs Atlantic Division was formed in 1993 as part of the Eastern Conference in a league realignment. ... The Mellon Arena (known as Pittsburgh Civic Arena from 1961–1999[1] and informally known as The Igloo) is an indoor arena in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the baseball team. ... This article is about the sport. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The National League Central Division is one of Major League Baseballs six divisions. ... PNC Park is a baseball stadium located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Pittsburgh Xplosion is an ABA Basketball team founded in 2004 but owning the ABA Franchise license from the now defunct Pittsburgh Hardhats from 2000-2004. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Continental Basketball Association (CBA) is a professional mens basketball league in the United States. ... The Mellon Arena (known as Pittsburgh Civic Arena from 1961–1999[1] and informally known as The Igloo) is an indoor arena in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The John M. and Gertrude E. Petersen Events Center is a 12,508-seat multi-purpose arena on the campus of the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Pittsburgh Riverhounds are a USL Second Division soccer team. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... The United Soccer Leagues (USL) is directly affiliated with the United States Soccer Federation (USSF), United States Adult Soccer Association (USASA) and the Canadian Soccer Association (CSA). ... CONSOL Energy Park is the home to the Washington Wild Things baseball team of the Frontier League as well as the Pittsburgh Riverhounds soccer club. ... The Pittsburgh Passion is a full-contact womens American football team competing in the National Womens Football Association (NWFA). ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The National Womens Football Association (NWFA) is a full-contact American football league for women. ... The George K. Cupples Stadium is located on East Carson Street between 8th and 9th Streets, next to the now closed South Vo Tech High School. ... The Pittsburgh RiverRats are an American Indoor Football Association team scheduled to begin play in 2007. ... Indoor football is a variation of American football with rules modified to make it suitable for play within ice hockey arenas. ... The American Indoor Football League (originally the Atlantic Indoor Football League) began play in 2005 with six teams based in the eastern United States. ... The Rostraver Ice Garden is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania, USA. It hosts locals sporting events and concerts. ... The Pittsburgh Harlequins are an American rugby union founded in 1973. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Mid-Atlantic Rugby Football Union (MARFU) is an association of youth, high school, collegiate, and adult mens and womens rugby teams in the Mid Atlantic region of the United States. ...


Infrastructure

Transportation

Pittsburgh is a city of bridges—446 in total.[4] Pittsburgh has more bridges than Venice, Italy, which has historically held the title of "City of Bridges". Around 40 bridges cross the three rivers near the city. The southern "entrance" to Downtown is through the Fort Pitt Tunnel and over the Fort Pitt Bridge. The Panhandle Bridge carries the Port Authority's 42-S/47-L/52 subway lines across the Monongahela River. All told, over 2,000 bridges dot the landscape of Allegheny County.[43] Pittsburgh, surrounded by rivers and hills, has a unique transportation infrastructure that includes roads, tunnels, bridges, railroads and other structures, such as inclines, bike paths and stairways. ... Pittsburgh has more bridges than any city in the world [1]. Some of the more prominent ones are: // Fort Pitt Bridge Fort Pitt Bridge as seen from downtown The Fort Pitt Bridge is a steel bowstring arch bridge that spans the Monongahela River near its confluence with the Allegheny River... For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ... The Fort Pitt Tunnel carries I-279 between Greentree, Pennsylvania and downtown Pittsburgh. ... The Fort Pitt Bridge is a double-deck modern bridge which is the last of many bridges that span the Monongahela river before it meets the Allegheny river at Pittsburgh to form the Ohio river. ... The Panhandle Bridge (officially the Monongahela River Bridge) carries two rail line of the PAT T Line across the Monongahela River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The South Tenth Street Bridge over the Monongahela River in Pittsburgh in 2005 The Monongahela River in Fairmont, West Virginia in 2006 Monongahela River Scene, 1857[11] Opekiska Lock and Dam on the Monongahela River near Fairmont, West Virginia at river mile 115 The Monongahela River (pronounced , also known locally...


The main highway connecting Pittsburgh to the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76) on the east is I-376, locally known as the "Parkway East," while I-279 (called either the "Parkway North" or the "Parkway West," depending on its location relative to Downtown) connects the city with points north and west. I-76 (Pennsylvania Turnpike), I-79, and I-70, roughly form a triangular-shaped "beltway". Navigation around Pittsburgh can also be accomplished via the Pittsburgh/Allegheny County Belt System. This Pennsylvania state route article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject Pennsylvania State Highways. ... Interstate 76 (abbreviated I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United States, running 435 miles (700 km) from an interchange with Interstate 71 west of Akron, Ohio east to Interstate 295 near Camden, New Jersey. ... Interstate 376 (abbreviated I-376) is an east-west U.S. interstate highway spur route that lies entirely within Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... This Interstate Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Interstate Highways. ... Interstate 76 (abbreviated I-76) is an Interstate Highway in the United States, running 435 miles (700 km) from an interchange with Interstate 71 west of Akron, Ohio east to Interstate 295 near Camden, New Jersey. ... This Pennsylvania state route article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject Pennsylvania State Highways. ... Interstate 79 (abbreviated I-79) is an interstate highway in the eastern United States, designated from Interstate 77 in Charleston, West Virginia to Pennsylvania Route 5 and Pennsylvania Route 290 in Erie, Pennsylvania. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... The Pittsburgh/Allegheny County Belt System is Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias unique set of originally five colored roadways belts first set up in the 1940s by Joseph White to relieve congestion on the major routes into and out of the city. ...


Airports

The city is served by the highly-ranked[44] Pittsburgh International Airport (IATA: PIT) about 10 miles to the west in Findlay Township. The airport also promotes the region as a focus city for US Airways and has been a major operation for the airline since the company's inception in the 1940s with the city being recently chosen by the airline to house its entire dispatch center, relocating it from its headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona. Artdeco style Allegheny County Airport (AGC) handles 139,000 general aviation flights a year, and is located south-southeast of the city in West Mifflin. PIT redirects here. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... Findlay Township is a township located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline[1] headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Allegheny County Airport is located just south of the city of Pittsburgh, Pa. ... West Mifflin is a borough located in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ...


Port Authority

Port Authority of Allegheny County, commonly known as the Port Authority, but sometimes referred to by its former nickname "PAT" or "PAT Transit," is the region's mass transit system. While serving only a portion of the Pittsburgh area's 20th largest metro area it is the 11th largest transit agency in the nation. Port Authority runs a network of inter- and intracity bus routes, one funicular (more commonly known as "inclines") on Mount Washington (used primarily by tourists rather than a means of commuting), a light rail system that runs mostly above-ground in the suburbs and underground as a subway in the city, and one of the nation's largest busway systems.[45] A typical bus stop sign in Allegheny County. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... Autobus redirects here. ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... The Pittsburgh Light Rail, commonly known as The T, is a 25-mile light rail system in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a relatively new umbrella term for urban mass transportation services utilizing buses to perform premium services on existing roadways or dedicated rights-of-way. ...


The city has Amtrak intercity rail service at Pennsylvania Station, as well as various freight railroads. Current railroads include Norfolk Southern, CSX and Amtrak. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Inter-city rail services are train services which cover larger distances than commuter trains. ... Pennsylvania Station, Pittsburgh Union Station or Pennsylvania Station is a historical train station at Grant Street and Liberty Avenue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Norfolk Southern Corporation (AAR reporting mark NS) NYSE: NSC is a US publicly-traded stock corporation based in Norfolk, Virginia. ... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Railway companies of the United States | Alabama railroads | Connecticut railroads | Delaware railroads | Florida current railroads | Georgia railroads | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads | Kentucky railroads | Louisiana railroads | Maryland railroads | Massachusetts railroads | Michigan railroads | Mississippi railroads | New Jersey railroads | New York railroads | North Carolina railroads | Ohio railroads | Pennsylvania...


An additional funicular ("incline") owned by PAAC is run by a non-profit preservation trust. Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of...


Telecommunications

The city is served by the 412 and 878 area codes since 2001, while most outlaying suburbs are served by both the 724 and 878 area codes. The city is served by Verizon as the dominant local carrier. Comcast is the city's cable television provider. This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA) is the largest[1] cable television (CATV) company and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ...


Sites of interest

Pittsburgh houses the country's National Aviary. The Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens features a Victorian-style greenhouse. The Botanic Garden of Western Pennsylvania and Rodef Shalom Biblical Botanical Garden are also located in the area. The National Aviary is Americas only independent indoor nonprofit aviary (that is, abird zoo). ... Henry Phipps, (1839- ), was educated in the public schools of Allegheny, Pennsylvania. ... The Botanic Garden of Western Pennsylvania was founded in 1988 to develop the first comprehensive botanical garden in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania region. ... The Rodef Shalom Biblical Botanical Garden (0. ...


Other sites of interest include:

The Mellon Arena (known as Pittsburgh Civic Arena from 1961–1999[1] and informally known as The Igloo) is an indoor arena in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Duquesne Incline is a funicular, or inclined plane, located near Pittsburghs South Side neighborhood and scaling Mt. ... The Monongahela Incline was completed in 1870 and is located in Pittsburgh. ... 19th century illustration of Fort Duquesne, by Alfred Waud. ... A Plan of the New Fort at Pitts-Burgh, drawn by cartographer John Rocque and published in 1765. ... Kennywood is an amusement park near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the borough of West Mifflin. ... Sandcastle is a water park located in the Pittsburgh suburb of West Homestead. ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and are located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Cathedral of Learning, a local and national landmark[2][3], is the centerpiece of the University of Pittsburghs main campus in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Mattress Factory is a museum of contemporary art located in Pittsburgh, PA. It exhibits room-sized installation art from across the country and around the world. ... The Frick Art & Historical Center is a cluster of museums and historical buildings in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Frick Park is the largest municipal park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, covering 600 acres. ... The Gateway Clipper fleets Liberty Belle The Gateway Clipper Fleet is a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania-based fleet of riverboats. ... The Pittsburgh Zoo is one of only six major zoo and aquarium combinations in the United States. ... Point State Park and the fountain can be seen in the lower left corner of this photo of Pittsburgh. ... Polish Hill (2002) Polish Hill (Polish: Polskie Góry) is a neighborhood in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... PPG Place is one of the major distinctive and recognizable features of the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania skyline. ... Station Square is one of the three main Overworlds in the games Sonic Adventure and Sonic Adventure DX: Directors Cut. ... Southside Works is an open-air super-regional complex located on the southshore of Pittsburghs famous three rivers and just south of the Pittsburgh Technology Center and the University of Pittsburgh. ... View of the Senator John Heinz History Center from Pittsburghs Strip District The Senator John Heinz History Center is a 275,000-square-foot educational institution that engages and inspires a diverse audience with links to the past, understanding in the present, and guidance for the future by preserving... Heinz Field is a football stadium located in the North Shore neighborhood, just across the Allegheny River from downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Southside is a neighborhood in the city of Pittsburgh, USA. It has a population of approximately 10,000 people. ... Immaculate Heart of Mary Church in Pittsburgh, referred to in Polish as Kościół Matki Boski is a historic church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pittsburgh, one of the citys oldest and largest churches. ... Immaculate Heart of Mary Church on Polish Hill in Pittsburgh The Polish Cathedral style of North-American Catholic church is a genre of church architecture found throughout the Great Lakes and Middle Atlantic regions as well as in parts of New England in North America. ... Pittsburghs Strip District is a one-half square mile area of land northest of the central business district bordered to the north by the Allegheny River and to the south by portions of the Hill District. ... View of the new addition joining the former Post Office building (original Childrens Museum location) to the left and Buhl Planetarium building to the right The Childrens Museum of Pittsburgh is a hands-on museum for kids located in the Northside neighborhood of the City of Pittsburgh. ... The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh are operated by the Carnegie Institute and located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... PNC Park is a baseball stadium located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the baseball team. ...

Sister cities

Pittsburgh has 15 sister cities:[47] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... For Donetsk in Russia, see Donetsk, Russia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... Fernando de la Mora is a city in the metropolitan area of Gran Asunción in Paraguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Karmiel Karmiel is a city in northern Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Matanzas is the capital of the Cuban Province Matanzas. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Misgav is a regional council in the Galilee region in the north of Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... , Country Region Little District Parts 16  - Moravská Ostrava a Přívoz  - Hošťálkovice  - Hrabová  - Ostrava-Jih  - Krásné Pole  - Lhotka  - Mariánské Hory a Hulváky  - Martinov  - Michálkovice  - Nová BÄ›lá  - Nová Ves  - PetÅ™kovice  - Plesná  - Polanka nad Odrou  - Poruba  - Proskovice Center Masarykovo námÄ›stí  - elevation 260 m... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia. ... PreÅ¡ov city centre Torysa riverbank in PreÅ¡ov Cathedral of PreÅ¡ov Neptune‘s fountain on the Hlavná Street in PreÅ¡ov PreÅ¡ov (Hungarian: Eperjes, German: Preschau or Eperies, Polish: Preszów, Rusyn: Пряшів /Пряшyв , Romany: Peryeshis) is a town in eastern Slovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Capital Saarbrücken Language(s) Rhine Franconian; see language of the Saarland Government Principality Historical era Middle Ages  - Joined Holy Roman Empire 925  - Established ca 1120  - Passed to Nassau-Weilburg 1353  - Occupied by France 1793  - Annexed by France 1797  - Passed to Prussian Grd     Dchy Lwr Rhine   June 9, 1815 Saarbr... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Saitama ) is the capital and the most populous city of Saitama Prefecture in Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... San Isidro is a municipality in the Matagalpa department of Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Location of the city of Skopje (green) in the Republic of Macedonia Government  - Mayor Trifun Kostovski Area  - City 701. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ...

See also

Allegheny was a city in western Pennsylvania, located on the north shore of the junction of the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers, across from Pittsburgh. ... Allegheny County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Jewish history of Pittsburgh, the second largest city in the state of Pennsylvania, USA and the chief city of Western Pennsylvania. ... This is a list of cities, towns and communities along the Ohio River in the United States. ... This is a list of famous people in the arts, science, sports, or industry, who were born, or who have lived a significant part of their lives, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and western Pennsylvania. ... List of fiction set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania // Books Out of This Furnace The Mysteries of Pittsburgh Wonder Boys Burning Valley The Homewood Books Blood on the Forge Captains and Kings Steel Ashes Coal Bones The Man Who Liked Slow Tomatoes Taken Fallen Another Kind of Monday Christine Ukiah Oregon series... This list includes films and television shows shot either completely or partially in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... This is a list of hospitals in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... This a listing of past (and present) mayors of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania officially[1] recognizes the following neighborhoods: Click a neighborhood to navigate to its article. ... Pittsburgh Council for International Visitors (PCIV) is a non-profit community-based organization based in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania region that is part of a national network under the umbrella of the National Council for International Visitors (NCIV). ... The Pittsburgh Coalfield or Pittsburgh coal region is the largest of the Western Pennsylvania coalfields. ...

References

  1. ^ Population Estimates for Places Over 100,000: 2000 to 2006. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (2007-06-27). Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  2. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (2007-04-04). Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  3. ^ "High-rise Buildings of Pittsburgh"
  4. ^ a b Pitt Chronicle: "Venice, Schmenice"
  5. ^ 2002 Financial Statement Retrieved on January 30, 2007.
  6. ^ Malone, Robert. "The World's Cleanest Cities: #10 (tie) Pittsburgh", Forbes.com, 2007-04-16. Retrieved on 2007-09-16. 
  7. ^ The Private Sector: All signs point to Roboburgh
  8. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2006 Population. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-09-16.
  9. ^ Majors, Dan. "Pittsburgh rated 'most livable' once again", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 2007-04-26. Retrieved on 2007-09-16. 
  10. ^ a b Pittsburgh Chronology
  11. ^ a b Lorant, Stefan (1999). Pittsburgh, The Story of an American City, 5th edition, Esselmont Books, LLC.. 
  12. ^ a b Chamber of Commerce of Pittsburgh (1921). Pittsburgh First, the Official Organ of The Chamber of Commerce of Pittsburgh. 
  13. ^ Ballou's Pictorial, issue of 21 February 1857
  14. ^ Kalson, Sally (2003-11-19). Cartoonist draws, fires a blank with Pittsburgh joke. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  15. ^ Note: Although medical research is often cited as a recent addition to Pittsburgh's economic portfolio, major advances go back several decades. Working at the University of Pittsburgh in the 1950s, Jonas Salk developed the first successful vaccine for large-scale immunization against poliomyelitis (a.k.a. polio or infantile paralysis). Also, several types of organ transplants were pioneered in Pittsburgh by Dr. Thomas Starzl beginning in 1983. Pittsburgh's hospitals and universities remain the hosts for some of the premier medical research facilities in the world.
  16. ^ Pittsburgh Facts. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
  17. ^ a b How to Spell Pittsburgh. Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on 2006-09-22.
  18. ^ Most Misspelled Cities in America. Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
  19. ^ Patricia Lowry. "Learning the steps: Pitt researcher fell for city's stairs and has published a book that maps them", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 16, 2004. 
  20. ^ "The Steps of Pittsburgh: Portrait of a City" by Bob Regan, photos by Tim Fabian, published by The Local History Company, Pittsburgh, ISBN 0-9711835-6-2
  21. ^ http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bo/?id=102614
  22. ^ Pittsburgh Neighborhoods. City of Pittsburgh Portal. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  23. ^ U.S. Steel Tower, Pittsburgh. Emporis Buildings. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  24. ^ http://www.portauthority.org/PAAC/Portals/Capital/NorthShore/images/big-new-map.JPG
  25. ^ "American Eagle Outfitters Announces Pittsburgh's SouthSide Works Location As New Corporate Headquarters", Business Wire, 2005-10-21. Retrieved on 2007-10-21. 
  26. ^ Data and Demographics - Character of Life/Public Safety (December 7, 2005). Pittsburgh Regional Alliance. Last visited June 11, 2006.
  27. ^ Pittsburgh Crime Statistics (PA). Retrieved on 2007-09-20.
  28. ^ Wolowyna, Oleh. "Demographic, social, cultural characteristics of persons of Ukrainian ancestry in Chicago", The Ukrainian Weekly No. 2, Vol. LXVIII, January 9, 2000. Retrieved on 2007-09-20.  (based on 1990 US Census)
  29. ^ Sultan, Tim. "It's Not the Sights, It's the Sounds", New York Times, 2006-03-17, p. 2. Retrieved on 2007-08-14. 
  30. ^ Overview. Pittsburgh Speech and Society. Retrieved on 2007-08-14.
  31. ^ "Fortune 500: Cities with Five or More Fortune 500 Headquarters", Fortune, April 2007. 
  32. ^ "2006 MAYOR'S CHALLENGE: Where Are the Best Metros for Future Business Locations?", Expansion Magazine, August 7, 2006. 
  33. ^ Weber, Michael P. (1988). Don't Call Me Boss: David L. Lawrence: Pittsburgh's Renaissance Mayor. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-3565-1. 
  34. ^ http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/070905/pittsburgh_mayor.html?.v=1
  35. ^ "Ravenstahl Among Youngest Mayors Ever" (video), KDKA, 2006-09-04. Retrieved on 2007-08-20. 
  36. ^ Gary Rotstein. "Ravenstahl must run next year", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 2006-10-13. Retrieved on [[2007-08-20]]. 
  37. ^ http://www.cityrating.com/citycrime.asp?city=Pittsburgh&state=PA
  38. ^ Nation's Largest Libraries. LibrarySpot (1996–1998). Retrieved on 2007-10-21.
  39. ^ Dan Majors. "Pittsburgh rated 'most livable' once again", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 26, 2007. 
  40. ^ Schwartz, Naoki. "L.A. tops list of nation's most polluted", Associated Press via Yahoo. Retrieved on 2007-05-07. 
  41. ^ John Perrotto. "Baseball Plog", Beaver County Times, August 14, 2006. 
  42. ^ Mike White. "Tradition of Western Pennsylvania quarterbacks continues", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 25, 2005. 
  43. ^ Bruce S. Cridlebaugh's website: Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  44. ^ http://www.visitpittsburgh.com/static/index.cfm?contentID=141
  45. ^ http://www.apta.com/research/stats/ridership/riderep/documents/07q1bus.pdf
  46. ^ Kadushin, Raphael (August 2003). "15222: Come Hungry". National Geographic: pp. 114–122. Retrieved on 2007-08-26. 
  47. ^ Sister Cities designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI).

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, also known simply as the PG, is the largest daily newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. // The paper began publication on July 29, 1786, with the encouragement of Hugh Henry Brackenridge as a four-page weekly, initially called The Gazette. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related, doctoral/research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Jonas Edward Salk (October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American physician and researcher best known for the development of the first successful polio vaccine (the eponymous Salk vaccine). ... This article is about the disease. ... Thomas Starzl was a pioneer in transplant surgery and has often been referred to as the modern-day father of transplantation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh is the public library system in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ukrainian Weekly is the oldest newspaper of the Ukrainian diaspora in the United States, and North America, which is published weekly in English language. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4114 words)
It is the county seat of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
Pittsburgh Public School teachers are paid well relative to their peers, ranking 17th in 2000-2001 among the 100 largest cities by population for the highest minimum salary offered to teachers with a BA ($34,300).
The main highway connecting Pittsburgh to the Pennsylvania Turnpike (I-76) on the east is I-376, locally known as the "Parkway East," while I-279 (called either the "Parkway North" or the "Parkway West," depending on its location relative to Downtown) connects the city with points north and west.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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